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About The state rights democrat. (Albany, Or.) 1865-1900 | View This Issue
ALBANY, OREGON, SATURDAY, DECEMBER 22, 1866.
TATi RIGHTS DEMOCRAT.
PCBLISHID KVKRT SATCIlPAT, BT
ABBQTT & BROWN.
effiee tirer II. Oliver's Store, First Street.
TERMS, IX ttTAxCK : One jear, $3; Six Months
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$i;lS4 ordered, and the term for which it eh&U be
pnlercl be paid for. A Jejxirturt Kill le madi
frim 0 term im 9g ittanct.
N. It Timely prior notice will be giron to
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jMtina&aee, accompanied with the money, be
firen, the Paper will be discontinued to that
RATES OP ADVERTISING, run teas ; One
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, Transient dyertiscnientJ per Sqnaro of tea linos
gr less, first insertion, $3 ; cch subsequent inser
. Corrospotdens writing over assumed signatures
ft anonymously, must make known their proper
pames to the Editor, or jo attention will be gircn
Jo ttjeit ocamunicationi.
All Letters and Communication whether on
uuioe3a or fur publication, should be aalrosjcl to
Abbott A Brown.
JEWELER, AND CLOCK AND WATCH
T EPAIRER. Shop in Gradwohl's new brick
JL M Store, Albany, Oregon'. oc20n!01y
f. H. CRA50U. GEO. B. BELV.
CI$4VQI$ fc If ELM,
ATTORNEYS - COUNSELLORS AT LA W
Oma In Norcrosa' Briok EuIIJo- op-stairs,
Albany, Oregon, aui
- J. C. POWELL,
A TTORNE Y AXD CO UNSEL LOR AT LAW
A ND SOL ICITOR IN CHA NCER Y,
ALBANY, Oregon. Collections and convey
ances promptly attended to. oc-OnlOIy
n. n. uice, ji. d., .
SURGEQN, PHYSICIAN AND A CCOUCHER
Tenders his serrioes in the rarious branches of
bis profession to the eititens of Albany ani sur-
Smndiag country. Office up-rtairs, in FoeU-r'a
rick. sl3 no'Jly.
PHYSICIAN. SURGEON AND ACCOUCIIER
TTrin r nettled in Brownsville. Linn county Or
egon, would respectfully solicit the patronage of
M people of tnat vicinity. T.owu
WINTER & McIIATTAX,
HOUSE, SIGN, CARRIAGE. AND ORNA
MENTAL PAINTERS G KAISERS ANL
Also. PaDerhamrins and Calcemininj done with
neatness and dispatch. Shop at the upper end fcf
First street, in Cunningham a oid. stand, Alrany,
pre go a. fc-aoou
J. li.HROW?t I fiLAIX, S. E. TCl'VG.
J. BARROWS fc CO.,
GENERAL & COMMISSION MERCHANTS
Tfa EALERS in Staple, Dry and Fancy Gool,
F Groceries, Hardware, Cutlery, crockery,
Soots and Shoes, Albany. Oregon.
L1WKEXCE & SEJIPEE,
ATTQRNEYS AND SOLICITORS.
Portland ----- Oregon.
5J0FEICE Over KHiarn's Aaction Rooms.
December 8, vZalTtr
G. W. GRAY, D. D. H.,
jSUR GEON f)ENTIST, ALBANY, OGN.
Performs all operations in the
line of DENTISTRY in the most
PERFECT and IMPROVED man
nor. Persons Usirin2 artificial teeth
vnnU .irTwoll tn viTA him a rn. Office no-stain
n Foster's brick. Residence corner of Second and
paker aXreeU. au25-ly
I- O. O. F.
J.LB4NY LODGE, NO. 4.
L'SS TheHeg-ular Meet?
Xl'.sI inga f Albany Lodge,
Wo, 4, L O. O. F., are held at their Hall in Nor
cross Building, Albany, every WEDNESDAY
SVENING, at 1 o'clock. Brethren hi oqd
standing are invited to attend.
By order of the N. G. ' " eul-ly
fiOIFieg ! 3TJ Q'EY TO LET.
'A PEW TWENTIES left, to pay for good
Whea. IJjgheat caah price paid on delivery
iSfzood wheat at my ware house, Albany, Oregon.
. - . U: CHEADLE.
100,000 POUNDS OF WQQ
For which we will pay the
IJIGIir MAIipT PRICE.
W- v. parrish eg.
Albany, January 21$. 1865.
JTrent Street, and No. 5 Washington
f .arrest, Most General, and
Ble st Splendid Assortment of
gTATIOfvJERY, BLANK BQOKS,
ON THE PACIFIC COAST,
Tll)l?y, Prayer and Hymn noolia
Aii immense Assortment of
jSCHOOli BOOKS I
Orders From tj?e Interior.
yjflc.'i wit dispatch and care. ' '
ortknd, November 18(5$. :K '
Notice to tli e Tax-Payers of Unn
i: ' . County. '
HATING COMPLETED' THE CANVASS OP
the precinota according to law the books
lire still open at the Court House, in Albany, for
30 days from the date of this notice, where the
am siay be settled ; after which, if not settled,
jropr property will bo sold to satisfy the amount
assessef against yotu! ' ' JlAETEy SMITH, "
. ' ' Tax" Collector.
Albany, Oreson Nor. 23, 1866. n!64w
roET n y .
'Twas noon, and the reapers reposod on tho bank
Whcro our rural rvpast bad bon spread ;
Resido us meandered tho rill nhcro wotlrauk,
An tho green willows waved ovorhoad.
Luoinda, tho quoen of our rudticjil treat,
"With smiles, like the seasons, nuspioious,
Had rendered tho scene aud tho banquet yiorc sweet,
But, oh ! tho dessert was delicious !
A melon tho richest that loadod tho vino
The kind-heartod damsel had brought ;
Its crimson coro teemed with tho sweetest f;fwino:
"How much liko her kisses I" I thought
And I said, as its ncctarious juices I quailed,
'JIow vain are tho joys of the vicious !
l'o Jropieal fruit ever furnuhed a draught
So innocent, pure and dolioious.
In the seeds which embellish this red, jukry core,
An emblem of lifo we mny view,
For human enjoyments aro thus sprinkled o'er
With specks of anelony hue.
But if we aro wiso to discard fronj the-roir.d
Every thought and aCectiou that's vicious,
Like tho scel-sperklvd coreoftho ueKn, wo'll find
Each innocent pleasure delicious.'
They say Ah ! well, suppoao they do;
Rut cao they prove tho story true f
Suspicion may aride from nought
Bnt malice, envy, want of thought ;
Why count yourself among tho "they,"
Who whisper what they dare not say ?
They say But why tho talo rehearse,
And help to make tho matter worse f
i'o good can postiLly accrao
From telling what may le untrue;
And is it not a nublcr plan
To speak of all the beet you can Z
Tt-J 8y it should be so.
Why need you t?ll the tale of woe ?
Will it tho Litter wroc rcdrca.i.
Or make no" pang f sorrow less?
Will it tho erring one restore,
Ilenccforth to "go and tin no taorc?"
They say Oh! panse and look within,
See how thine heart incline to rio;
, Watch, lost in dork temptation' boor
Thou, too, ih.uldt sink beneath iis power,
Tity the frail, weep o'er their flL
Bat speak of good, or not at all.
Two Qualities or Men. There 13 a
negativcnes3 of character which is often
mistaken for amiability, or impartiality, or
some other kindred virtue. The person
possessing it never takes sides on a ques
tion of importance enlisting the interest
and action of men, and h equally vrell
pleased whichever party wiu3 in the con
test. The future of the church, of the
government, of society, of man, are of hut
little account to him, so that he is left un
disturbed in his quiet. plodJinfr, aimUss
journey mrougn iwe. lie avoiG3 tne op
r . ii i i n iv i
position, strne ad bitterness encountered
bj the positiye man, but then he i partic
ularly, and for all useful purposes, nobody;
accomplishes nothing iu life, and dies; to
be forgotten as soon a3 buried.
Or the pthcr hand, there is a positive-
ncss oi character not unfraqueatly mista
ken for hardness, selfishness, arrogance,
quenxlousncss. The poiitiveman has a
purpose in life, and in all questions cf
great interest firmly plants himself on one
side or the ether, and will make himself
ucmistakeably felt, vdiether the decision
be for him or against his cherished view.
All matter of public interest engage his
best powers, and find in him either an
earnest advocate, or an active, persistent
opponent. Men will call him hard names,
and some heartily hate him. But then he
is a force to the world, and all there is to
science, art, education, government, is at
tributable to him. hile he lives he is
the only useful element in society, and af
ter his death, even his enemies will rejoice
at his virtues, and vie with his friends in
their efforts to perpetuate his memory
."HArpY as a Bird." Of animated
nature birds are the happiest. Their joy-
fed nature long ago passed into a proverb
-"Happy as a bird." And of the happy
Diras me mocking oirapoiygioiusj is un
doubtedly the happiest. It does not con-
1- r-i- i i. v r
hne its expressions cf joy to one cote, or
a monotonous series ot notes. All the
seet gounds of all the birds, and many of
me auiuiais, comnDuie its nappines3,
and it pours put ever changing, kaleid?
scopic melody from the rising of the sun
tp its going down. 1 ow warbling out th.e
sweetest notes of the canary j then the
robin, the blue bird, the oriole, the lark,
the bob-o-link, aijd all the other '.'feather
ed songsters .of thegrpye," are laid under
contribution, and even te whistling of the
colored b,Q0t black is imitated to perfec-
j-ion. iia-e some politicians, ic is "every
thing at times and nothing long." Now
grave, now gay; a whole band of music in
its mile tcroat.
- If any man of fighting age favors the
deposing of the President in tho present
state of the country, let him j'oih a milita
ry company at once and drill as often as he
eats; and if he is not of that age, but has
boys that are. let him call them to him
on the first opportunity, and looking them
fairly in the iacer decide which of them,
or how many of-them, he is. ready to see
die rathcj: than have Andrew Johnson
President of the lOited States till the 4th
of March, 1869. Newhuryport QMass.)
Si I i
We heard of a Yankee and his wif,e $1
one qi our hotels, the other day, who had
brought a hired negro woman alpng to wait
upon them. Th,ey told the negro that
they would pay her regular wages, but
that she would have to pay hpr own board.
Her wages were ten dollars a montl; fter
board twenty five dollars.' At such ratps
how long will it take the negro wencli to
clear a thousand dollars ?IirenifamTez
as) Banner. e
! It is said Count Bismark is not i J)ut
bad'temperecT, orj account of the ing at
tributing ill the successes to Providence,
and ignoring the handiwork cf hts Minis
ter, ' - ' - r . . y r
For tho State IUhts Democrat.
LECTURES BY REVJi H SPAULDING
Kftrly Oreson HIInmIoiin. Their I nit
iiorlunrv In Nt.rtirtf tho Co;u
NUMDEtt FIVE. 3
That Sabbath was a day of rcfrpshinrg
to us. It was providentially tho appoint
ed day for a father in Israel to preach.
lie iiKi no nau occn lauoring cignicen
years alone in this Southern Illinois, mid
this was tho first tiino a brother in the
ministry had been with him. Ho had
hcacd of rftisaianarica passing up tho river,
but now his gaio beheld them for the first
time Christian men aud women leaving
swept heroes forever, to live among and
preach Christ to the distant heathen. It
is none other than an angel's viiit."
ery early Monday morning uod sent
along tho steamer "Majestic," which,
contrary to predictions, answered our sigt
nal at once and took us ou board, and we
left this little town of Christ for St. Louis,
followed by tljo prayers of this godly
man nnu ms cvt uiscipics. iiciore uigiu
wo passed tho steamer that could not af
ford to stop over the Sabbath, on a sand
bar, with preacher, mill and all, on board,
where they had been fa.t for more than
twenty-four hours. How loiig they re
mained there I know not, as wo &aw no
more of them.
We reached St. Louis March 30th ;
and here again there wcro strong remon
strances against tho idea of our wives at
tempting to cross the mountains. It was
urged by old mountain men that no cara
van would bo strong enough to protect
them against tho mountain tribes, who
seemed frantic to get possession of a white
woman. Thsy repeated tho report that
one white woman, in atUmpting to reach
At - ..? 1 - 1 t .. 1
mc mountains, nau uccn scizeu, in ppitn
of the caravan of whites, and borne off
by a powerful band of painted savages.
Our ladies replied to thce fears : "Wc
are going to cross the llocky Mountains
in uoii $ name.
The Fur Company's 'steamer would not
leave St. Louis for two vctks; but the
proprietors of tho Company acknowledged
their obligations to Doctor hitman lor
his important medical services the last
year, and they cheerfully renewed their
assurance that our effect and ladies
should be taken to Council Uluffs in their
steamer, from any point on the Missouri
river. Vc should stop to purchase our
animab and await their upward Uip with
goods for their caravan, which was to take
up ita march to the 1-ar West from that
point. Kvents will show how well they
kept their word.
Dr. n isnor pronounced our minuon "a
minion to tho Grey JJears." We here
received our "Great Charter by mail,
from the American Government to open
an Emigrant Wagon Itoad from tho Mis
souri to the Columbia rivers : that is, the
permit of that honest, Democratic Chris
tian and patriot, Lewis Cass, Secretary of
ar, ior U3 "to enter ana seme in me
Indian cou&try wct of tho Ilccky Moun
tains. !fis gcneroiu permit of the
Government really established the Lap
wai Mission claim to the writer and his
sainted wife, as a minion homo fir life;
but that home was still more securely con
firmed to them by the Xez I'crccs Nation
in council assembled at Fort Walla Walla,
in November, 1834, after we had arrived
i or the country and selected the site, and
as the chiefs were about to conduct us,
with glad hearts, to their people as the
"teachers of God's book" for whom they
had waited so long, and to plant us in our
new borne, "a thousand miles from any
place ;" but still doubly confirmed to the
Board of Missions by a generous act of
Uongress approved August H, lo lS. cpu
firming tho titlo to G40 acres of land, to
include the improvements at all the Mis
sion stations in the Indian country to the
several Mission Boards to which said Mis
aions belong' But the Indian Depart
ment has seized and occupied the Lapwai
Mission claimrrrdlsxegafding tho notifica
tion in the Land Office, the published no
tice in the public journals for years for
settlers to keep pfjf the claim, the notice
served on the local agent by authority of
the Board, to stop building, and my own
repeated remonstrances for six years
and have steadily refused me my home,
and have denied mo the privilege of build
ing any where on the old mission claim of
G40 acres, or, indeed, anywhere oa the
This seizing of the Lapwai Mission
claim by the Government, or the Indian
Department, is most remarkable. Jlnd it
is the more remarkable from the fact that
some fifteen other mission claims among
thp Indian tribes, of another religious
sect, in the samo country, confirmed by
the same act of Congress that confirmed
the Lapwai claim to the American Board,
remain unmolested by the Government ;
and some twenty-three missionaries of
that sect are allowed to remain at th. eir
several mission stations and to go on with
their mission work unmolested. And it;
is still more remarkable from the "notori
ous fact that that tho missionaries of this
gaid Society were prdered by the" Goy
ernment of Oregon in 1S8 to leave the
Indian' country, as the cou'ntrv cast of tho
Cascades was closed against all miz&ionar
r a .t n
rwt, consequent upon tne massacre oi
Ir. y hitman and the American emi
grants at his station, and the long Indian
wars that followed. The missionaries of
this Society that are nqw allowed to re
main in the country and onV their mission
stations, hile trp only Protestant Indian
Missionary is expelled from his mission,
openly defied $at order' pf the Govern
ment in 1848, and haye remained in the
country to this day; and they were actually
detected, sqqn after that order was issued,
in the attempt to smugglp ammunition in
to tjio Indian pountry, by Lieut. ' Rogers,;
at the Dalles, who too from their boats
3,010 pounds of balls, 1,000 pounds , of
powder and 3 boxes of muskets. Myself
and the rppjainiog to ' brethren of our1
mission, Ieys, Jlelhj and Walker, who
were escorted " with their families ; from
their mission in the Spokan country to
Oregon by a military forco, chocrfully
obeyed this order of tho infant Govern
ment, and novor attempted to return to
our mission till tho country was oQcially
opened for missionaries in 1859. But
now, in the year 1805, theso missionaries
wh'o thus openly defied tho orders of the
Government, and attempted rQ furnish
powder and balls to tho savages to butch
er American citizens on their way over
tho plains, aro allowed to remain at their
missions unn olested, as indped they should
bo, vhilo tho writer, tho oldest resident
missionary or American on tho coast, who
obeyed their orders, is now expelled from
his mission homo, and by thp Govern
ment. But to return to St. Louifl, which we
left on the 31st at March, in tho steamer
"Chariton," tot Liberty; Clay county,
Mipsouri then tho frontier settlement
(Which is tho frontier settlement now?)
Wo observed tho monthly concert of
prayer on board, and were joined by tho.
clerk of the boat, who was an Kldc'r in
Dr. Wisner's church in St. Louis. We
arrived at Liberty, April 7th. Mr. Wm.
If. Gray, of Utica, N. Y., appointed by
tho A. B. 0. T. M., overtook us at this
place, as also tho Pawnee missionaries
whom wo left below St. Louis.
Wo remained at Liberty twenty days,
and purchased fourteen young cows and
two bulls, with tho earnest pnver to God
that Ho would bring them safe fy through.
And I would here record, ts a public
thanksgiving to God, that, b the caution
and paticuco of tho Indian boys, Ho
brought through eleven of theso cows and
one bull. I do this because they were
the first to cross tho continent, and bc
camo to us tho greatest blcising in tho
way of milk and butter, beef teams, etc.,
and afforded a beginning of stock for tho
Indians. No cattlii could bo had on this
side of the mountains at thtt date, short
of California. The Hudson Bay Com
pany had a largo tock of Spanish cattle
at Fort Vancouver; and some at all their
posts, shipped from California, but they
would sell none. They woud loan, with
tho agreement to return all tho original
fctock or pay for losses, at a given ticac,
together with all the increase
The Indian boys took tho driving of
our cattle into their own hands, and dur
ing our hot days and long mcrcbes they
would fall behind, drive care ft 1 and come
in lato at night. This saved tur cattle.
They never could have been forced to
keep up with tho caravan, and ao white
man wouM have been willinir to fall be-
behind. Why they vcrc not picked up
by some of the rear parties is due only to
the protecting hand of God.
We furnished ourselves with riding
and pack saddles, pickets and Ticket
ropes, another wagon (I had brought a
light one from New lVtk), arms and am
munition, and 18 hevl of horses and
mules; and on tho 27th of April 3Ir.
Gray, myself, tho two Indian boys (who
wcro soon joined by two other young rez
i'crccs) ana a iree trapper tnat is, a
young man trapping "on his ocrn hook"
took up our march fur Council Bluffs,
leaving Dr. Whitman and our ladies and
effects to come up on the Fur Corpany's
steamer, according to promise. Oar be
ginning was anything but promising.
New work in new hands. Neither Mr
Grey nor myself had ever seen a peck
fastened on tho back of a horse or mule-
knew nothing of prairie life, preparing
of meals with our own hands, the driving
in the animals, the picket, the night-watch,
and floundering and choking of horses
till they learn the ropes. Add to this the
almost impasssable state of the country at
that season ot the year one continual
swamp, with here and there a patch of
land above water. And, to make sure
work cf a rough beginning, one-third of
the mules were wild never had been
roped till a few days before, when it re
quired several negroes as many days, and
high fences to get their necks into tho
'.'noose." Mr. Grey and pne boy took the
cattle and some loose horses, tho trapper
and myself tool; each a wagon, and toe
other Indian boy led tho gang of mules
tied one to the other's saddle, with the
looso saddles packed; and tho march
commenced: th,o wagon wheels to the
hubs, and the animals to their bellies in
mud. We could tell where the trail would
bo in dry weather by the water courses.
Wo had not proceeded far when my wagon
went down, lollowod bj tho mules ex
ccpt their cars. I turned my eye first tq
tho trapper lor help, but ho needed help
worso than I did Just then Mr. Grey
came shashing back for help to save his
cattle from tho brush ; and as I was wad
ing, or half swimming, to look for a yoke
ot oxen, we heard a terrible clatter and
clash, and, looking toward tho gang of
mules, beheld a corapletp "wind up"
some on their packs, and mules heels and
broken pieces of pack-saddles flying in
ii. . i;i i : "-v m i
ine air iikc enow-uirus. . une muo ana
naif that day and a uard at night, with
porn iqr teea.
Fourth night a stampede and . snac
ping of picket lines. At day-light Mr.
Grey takes the track through tho timber
and returns in two hours with those words
go encoring to tho mountain trayehjr;
vaii here. '
Fifth dav crossed Little Blatto at
Government ferry in the Indian country,
where Platte City noyr stands; camped as
usual, in a swamp, un leaving in is camp
for the ferry at Fort Leavenworth, one of!
tho wild mules, obserying all the'animals
loosened and on their way, ran backward
ana piantea ner Jiveiy iegs in ray preasc,
knocking mo breathless. This seveie
blow was made painful and dangerous by
a'piunga into tho Jjissouri river (in. com
pany with a cow) in attempting p save
the cattle from jumping pyerboard. Both
went down in the samp direction, but,
coming again to the surfacp, the cow struck
for tho shore and I for the boat. All
over the river, and we had five mile to
make camp, wopd and , watpj:, before sun
set. . Qn rising the bluff at the Fort, my
eyo rested for tho first time on the "Great
West." To ono reared in a timbered
country, and accustomed to wait a genera
tion for timber, stumps 'and roots to pass
away", the scene, tho viow, was grand and
impressivo beyond tho power of words.
I felt, a never before, tfie force of those
words of God, at the close, pf His work:
"And behold it was very good " vast
expanse of green meadow rca5hingbcyQn.d
tho distant blue, cleared and spoded down
by Providence to thp hand of the hus
bandman ; but farmer, nor tree, nor fence,
nor town wcro thorp. Great silenpo rest
ing on tho bosom of tho sublime, both
personified. Tho ocean has its beauty
and tho heavens their charms, but the
great prairio reflocts the lovely smiles of
our rather in Heaven. Awe-struck at
tho lioing panorama, and in haste to reach
our camp beforo dark, I forgot to present
our passport from tho War Department
to tho officers of tho Garrison (tho last
military post standing between tho coun
tries of the white man and tho Indian.
Where is tho separating post now?)
Aware of our mission, the officers threw
opn tho gates, and we stepped from the
civilized world into this then grcat and
terrible wilderness," whero thick moral
darkness had rcignod for ages unknown.
I bid farewell to sweet homo and dear
friends;' but God's promiso was before
mo, and thoso precious words, "Lo I am
with you," were in my bosom.
A IIIccont Ilurlcqaef
The Journal of Commerce reminds men
of order, in the Kadical ranks, that :
"Wo have no right, cither by law or
conquest, nor on moral principles, to treat
tho Southern ctatcs as conquered terri
tories and populations. Wo may admin
ister tho Jaw to individuals as severely as
wa please. Wc may puuuh men, women
and children. But the U. 8. Govern
meet might as well repeal tho charters of
rew Urleans, Mobilo and Charleston
and wipo them out as cities in the South,
as to declare a Southern State dead or not
a member of the Uuion. The moral right,
the legal right, the Constitutional right is
just tho same in both cases.
"But," says a sincere Kadical, "have
wc not the right to refuse them admission
to tho Union unless they adopt such laws
and social principles as wc think correct?
No. you ha vp no such right under the
Constitution ana laws ot our land, nor
s- . . mm
have you the moral right unless you give
them at the same time the right of accept
ing or rejecticg your terms ot union.-
Tho grand wrong, and outrage to Ameri
can principles, tho rotten timber which
men are now engaged in putting into the
Constitution itself, is this plan of holding
a Stato by tho throat and declaring that
it shall not come into your Uniou, nor
bo protected by your Constitution, unless
lb Hill ULIVV WlkU IUU IU iuat vuuju-
tution and submit to amendment; of your
proposing ; but vhen the Stato asks,
" ill you let me stay out oi your union
if I don't liko your new proposal V the
answer is a fierce no. This is a hideous
burlesque on the old idea of a free Ameri
can Union. Tho quality of the Union
thus constructed is but too plain. It has
not the consistency cf a summer morn
WriY Not? A Norfolk (Va.)
says that Southern ladies "do not
to anything liko tho extent they used to.
The editor thus thooriies on tho sub
"wo believe it is the rosuit ot a mys
terious solemnity that has in tho last few
years of trial and mighty events crept
ovtr the world. Levity is not as wide
spread. Men and women look now more
in earnest, and work harder ; do more to
ward carrying out the end of their being.
e may be wrong, but such aro our con
victions in spite of the wickedness abroad
in tho land.
This may bo perfectly sound so far as
tho lititude of Virginia is concerned, says
tho Mountaineer, but it doesn t apply
everywhere. Hereabout, as a genera
thing, when women cb not talk (if they
havo any one to talk . to), it is because
they aro either stupid or sleepy. The
solemn ones talk more than the gay only
they lecture, moralize, preach and growl,
."V Lfi: OF it." iurs bwissherem says
that tho young woman to whom tho radica
Congress voted 10,000 for a bust ot Lin
coin, "calls upon Senators and representa
tives at their lodgings.
Veil, vot of it, says tho La Crossp Dem
ocrat, you antiquatod old Hen Convention
isb i f uabuu yui uivauii iru mitt vuu
a young woman visit ' tho Jeaders o
tho God-and-Moralitv nartv withou
purposing to seduce thorn from tho path of
rccuiuae, nonor ana virtue t uououess
she visits them to consult concerning tho
size of tho '.'bust," and to compare .those
oi tno iiyipg itumpcrs wiin ine aeaa "rau
er." Now. Swissnelm. we don't like
t , f , . j v , - -t
speak, roughly to such a female fossil as
you are, but your goings-on will hayo to be
punished talking scandals is not a suit
able occupation fbr a woman of your years
old enough to be tho grand mother to the
oldest iphabitant I l,ead your Biblo, aijd
"dry up," it is timb yo did.
Slf4.fcp ANSWER.--At a New Yprk ho
tel recently tho Jandlprd said to a boarder
vaee here, Mr. , tno cnamper
maid found a lady's hair pin in your bed
this morning and it will pot answer!
'' ." Well " replied the boarder, "I found
woman's hair in the butter this morning
but it did not prove you had a woman in
,, t . .T f . y .
lU. " 1
' Thp two men looked at each other for
about ten seconas, wnen eacn smuea ana
went his way, no doubt pondering over the
peculiarities ui circumstantial, eviaence,
... u . :
Wanted. A situation as a son-in-law
in a respecteblp family. Blood andbleed
ipg ' jpjo object, pping already supplied;
capital essentia .o objection o going
a'sljojrt''4tonpJJ Ijx fho polfntjry
' ' " - ,
IlELtaroN. We know, and what is bet
ter, we feel inwardly, that religion is the
basis of civil society, tho sourco of all good
and of ail comfort. Burke. V
A Carl on Incident Tito Or aye ofi
Ninety years after his death (1771 steps
wcro taken to erect to him some suitable
monument, but tho storms of the revolu
tion came on and tho work was forgotten.
But recently the question has been agi-
atcd anew, and Williams may yet at
east have some outward sign tqinark his
grcajtncs3 and perpetuato hia name.
miring a penoa oi j bo years not even a
rough stono set up to mark the grave, of
he founder or Ilhode Island, till the pre-
ciso locality had almost been forgotten,
and could bo only ascertained after the
most careful investigation. ' Suffice it to
say, however, tho spot was found, and the
exhumation was made a short time ago
though, there was little to exhume.
On scraping off tho turf from the surface
of the ground, tho dim outline of 'the
seven gravel contained within ono square
rod, revealed tho burial ground of lloger
Williams. In colonial times each lamily
lad its own burial ground, which was
usually near tho family residence. Three
of these seven craves were those of chil
dren, the reinunbg four those of adults
The easterly grave was identified as that
of Mr. V llhams. Un digging down in
to tho "charnel house," it was found that
everything had passed into oblivion, the
ehapps of thp cof&ns could only be traced
by a black line of carbonaceous matter,
the thickness of the cdes of the sides of
he coffins, with their ends distinctly de
incd. The rusted remains of the Lmges
and nails, with a few fragments of wood,
and a single round knot, was all that
could bo gathered fcom his grave. In
the grave of his wife there was not a
trace of anything save a einzle lock of
raided hair, which had survived the
lapse of more than 180 years. Near the
grave stood a venerable apple-tree, when
and by whom planted is not known
This tree had sent two of its roots into the
graves of Mr. and Mrs. Williams. The
larger root had pushed its way through
the earth till it reached the precise pot
occupied by the skull of Boger Williams.
There making a turn, as if going round
tfce skull, it followed the direction of the j
backbone to the hips. Here it divided!
into two branches, sending one along tach
leg to the heel, where they both turned j
upwards to tho toes. One of these roots
had a slicht crook ot the knee, which
makes the whole form. This singular
root is preserved with great care, not on
ly as an illustration of a great principle
of vegetation, but for its historical asso
ciation. There were the graves, emptied
of every particle of human dust I Not a
trace of anything tras left! It is knowu
to chemistry that all tho flesh, gelatinous
matter giving consistency to tho bones,
are resolved into carbonip acid gas, water
and air, while the solid lime dust usually
remains. But in this case even the phos
phate of lime of both graves was all gone I
There stood the "guilty apple tree," as
was said at the tune, causht in the very
act cf "robbing the grave."
To explain thi3 phenomena is not the
design of this article. Such an explana
tion could bo given and many other simi
lar cases adduced. But this fact must be
admitted : tho organic matter of Roger
Williams had been transmitted into the
applo tree; it had passed into the woody
fibre and was capable of prcpglling a steam
cntrine: it had bloomed in the apple-
blossoms and had become pleasant to the
eve: and more, it had cone into the
fruit from year to year, so that the ques
tion might be asked, Who ate
Williams ? Hartford Press.
Xevr Version of the Story of the
nenry Ward Bcecher, m a recent
speech, thus facetiously referred to the
story of tho Prodigal Son. Even those
at whoso expense tho point is made will
Wo all know tho story of the Prodigal
Son how that self-sufhcienf youth, m
tho prido of his own self-conceit, sought
irom nis lamer nis poruon oi me patri
mony that he might go out and live by
himself. Tho father gave it to him and
he went out; 'and, like too many ottyer
sons of rich men in our days, he very soon
spent tho whole of his patrimony, and
wasted it in riotous living, drunkenness
and debauchery ; and when he was re
duccd to tho most abject poverty and
covered with filthy rags, was compelled
to become a keeper of swine ; and to save
himself from starving, to feed on the
husks that tho swino did eat.' But he
came to himself at last and determined to
turn towards his father's house, and how
he was received? WJ fker
him while ho was'yet a great way off, and
ran unto him and full on his neck and
jf issed him, and put a fine robo upon and
invited him into the parental mansion,
whero tho fatted calf was killed and the
feast made ready. That was thp manner
in which tho prodigal was received, as we
get tho the story from tho lips of our Sa
viour; but when I was in New England
pot long ago, I heard another version of
this story laughter, which you may call
the radical version. I will tell you what
it was. When the young man came to
wards his father's house in filth and Tags,
his fatlipr closed the door against him.
Says he "You vile wretcp,v you have
spent all your patrimony, wasted your sub
stance, and you aro unfit to enter. into my
house. I know you havo po jaoncy and
no credit, and you pann'ot huy .'anything,
but you must go and buy'a$ne silk robe
before you can comp into my house : and
another thipg, jyhen you; cross my thres
hold it shall po on two inexorable condi
tions: First of all, you shall take a solemn
oath that you haye never bpen away; and
second you shall give good guarantees
that yofu will never go again." Great
laughter. ' ; ' ! -
Forgiveness. A beautiful gem of
-v i ' i I-. . ; .i. i in- Tir I
urientai nieraiure is quoiea ny oir . w m
Jones, from tho Persian poet, 'Said : - :
."Tho sandal Irco perfumes wlien rivoa,
The axo that laid it low; " :
Let man, who hopes to bo forgiven,
. JforgiYe-iuid IUms his foe" . . .
Vho ore the traitors?
Beast Butler proclaims that he would
hang Jeff. Davis, ai "tho representative
c'tvil man," and 'Ilobert E. Lee, as the rep
resentativo military man." of tho rebel
lion. Very well: now what should be done
with the beast himself? They organized
armies to separate the Coyernment-luW
ler FEED THEM.
Ii is charged, as it is notoriously known.
and testimony seems easy of access,' tnat
while Butler was in command at New Or
leans, largs supplies, of the most essential
importanco and use, were offered tho t eb(
army, in that part of the South, thrtugl
his connivance, whereby ne enriched hcx-
ecu m i&Duious sums, iiis Droiner
whop he afterwards swindled, even when,
on his death-bed of reprg as th? main
go between! - " .
The War Itepartment was advised of
these most infamous transactions, and thq
ruinous extent of them, but payed no heed;
as who expected that it would probably
being a party in the game?
Now if Davis and Lee are traitors, for
taking up rebel arms, and marching at thq
head of armed forces, to break up the Gov
ernment, is Butler not equally a culprit"
in haying provided portions of thir ajmie
with araxaubitioh, stores, medicines, food,
and other essentials of warfare " giving
them aul and comfortt"
Giving aid and comfort to an enemy is
one of the defined conditions of treason 1
Butler is guilty of it. If they are traitors
so h he, If they should "be hung, to
should he; only, he should be swung pji
cubits higher, for' their treason, if it was
treason, was open, bold and uncovered ; hi
was covert, stealthy, treacherous and infiU
mous to the last degree. Empire.
IAq Cattle Weight hj Heaspt-ft
The only instrument necessary is s
measure with feet and inch marks upon
it. The girth is the circumference of thq
animal, just behind the shoulder bladesl
The superficial feet are obtained by mul
tiplying the girth and length. The fol
lowing' are the rules to ascertain thp
weight of the animal; . ""
If less than cne foot in girth, multiply
superficial feet by eight. . j.
it less than three and more than one.
multiply superficial feet by eleven, i
if less than five and more than three,
multiply superficial feet by eixteeij. ;' '
If less than seven and more than five,,
multiply superficial feet by twenty-three.
It less than elcyen and more than nine,
multiply superficial feet by fortj-tV"-
.hxample : cuppose the girth of a bul
lock to be six feet three inches ; length!
live leei eix incnes; ine supernciai area
will then be thirty-four, and in accor
dance with the preceding table, the
weight will bp seven hundred aud'eightyi
'Example: Suppose a pig to measure
in girth two feet, and length, one fooi
nine inches. There would then be three
and a half feet, which multiplied b j ejeven.
gives imrty-eigni ana a nau pounas as
3 weight of the animal wnen dressed.
In this way, thp weight of the fourquar
ters can hi substantially ascertained dur
ing life. ' ' 1 ' ' ! "
Horrible Tragedies. Arthur Wil
liams, his wife, and two daughters, were re
cently murdered in lvome, Georgia, : wo
fxpedmen committed the murder, and hey
have "been arrested. One confesses thj&
after wounding Mrs. Williams he ravished -her.
His accomplice kilted the' father
and daughters with an ax. The object' of
the negroes was money, but they found
none- It was difficult to restrain the peo
ple from inflicting summary punishmon
upon the freedmen. they were commiW
ted to await due prpsess of hir. ' r" '
Well Said. A Memphis paper,
speaking of John Morrissey, who was re
centfy electpd tp Congress in New York,
pn the Democraiio ticket, says: "He is not
a drunken bully, like Chandler, sot t
drunken fanatip, like Tates, nor a drunk
en' idiot, liko Spragup. Io is not a
blackguard, liko Ipgersoll, a poor CravenJ
liko"Qrinnel, an impracticable ass, likp
(galena Washburne, nor a beast nor a
thief, like the probably Cpngressiaaa But?
ler.". ". " . - : ;
The girls in Michigan are taking deci
sive measures with the undecided young
men. One of them asked a young man;
when he intended to marry her. Thp
young man said hp was not on tho marry,
and she broke a teapot, filled with boiling
water, over his head, bhe was
" The Chicago Rejpublicanm pne column,
eulogises Butler as one of the greatest Bolf
diers and as the greatest Amcripan states
man of the day and in the next column
denounces Sherman as a' more dangerous
'traitor than thp'pr.esident, and as aa ego
tist, who" without' ability, aspires to act
the part of a statesman t "
John C Campbell, of Rock Island
Illinois, has sent' 10G to Treasurer Spinr
nerV saying: " " ' ' .
' ' 51 senoj f hp first three years' bounty anej
will senci you my special as soon aa I can."
want no bounty for' shooting at men.'?
: Accordino. to reports made by"archi?
tects and builders, over .8,000 new build
ings have been erected in Chicago during
the past year, valued at nearly seven mil
lions of dollars. J. i ; ' : -iuv'i
' Must. Wendell Phillips says he was
wedded to truth and philanthropy when
a boy. He must have become a widower
says an ex change,, when quite young. - , ,
: A Jusr Punishment. spy accus
tomed to: peep through : the key - holes to
watch the movements of Fenians in Eng
land has become "blind of the, right eyo.
Tite 'death is announced of M Mane,
the last's d'rvivor of -the Trench fleet at
Trafalgar. ; mq was then surgeo uu i
j the r6rm"-dablc. .... t ....: I