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ALBANY, OREGON, SATURDAY, DECEMBER 8, 18CG.
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STATE RIGHTS DEMOCRAT,
PUBLISHED EVERT IATCBtAT, IT i5
ABBOTT & BROWN;
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"All Letters ' and Communications, whether on
business or for publication, should b addressed to
BUSIN ESS CARDS.
JEWELER. AND CLOCK AND WATCH
r EPAIRER. Shop in Gradwohl's new brick
I, Store, Albany, Oregon. : oe20n!01y
X. . CRAXOR. GKO. R. HELM.
CRASOR !fc nELM,
ATTORNEYS fc COUNSELLORS AT LAW
Office la Koreross' Brick Building, up stairs.
Albany, Oregon, an
J. C. POWELL,
ATTORNEY AND COUNSELLOR AT LAW
;; AND SOLICITOR IN CHANCERY,
' X LBANY, Oregon. Collections and convey
ances promptly attended to. oc20nl01y
. .; ' . B. RICE, 31. IK,
SURGEON, PH YSICIAN AND A CCO UCHER
Tenders his services ia the various branches of
his nrofession to the citiiens of Albany and sur-
mnndin? eonntrv. Office no-rtairs, in Foster's
Brick. . cl3 no91y.
PHYSICIAN. SURGEON AND ACCOUCHER
Ituvin settled in Brownsville, Linn eounty Or
egon, w.mld respectfnlly solicit the patronage of
the people of that vicinity. vrna-sm
WINTER A MellATTAX,
HOUSE. S!GN. CARRIAGE. AND ORNA
MENTAL -PAINTERS GRAJNERS AND
Also. Panerhansias: and Caleemining done with
neatness and dispatch. Shop at the upper end of
First street, in Cunningham a old stand, Albany,
r a arrows. is. blaix, s. k. -Torna.
JT. BARROWS A CO.,
GENERAL & COMMISSION MERCHANTS
DEALERS in Staple, Dry and Fancy Goods
Groceries, Hardware. Cutlery, Crockery
Boots and Shoes, Albany. Oregon.
Consignments solicited. v ocCnStf
i O E T 11 W
G. W. GRAY, D. I. S.,
SUR GEOX DENTIST, J LBAXT, O GX.
i jv Performs all operations in the
yf 3 line of DENTI5TRY in the most
f L PERFECT and IMPROVED man-
- mJUUCC nr. Persons desiring artificial teeth
would de well to give him a call. Office np-stairs
in Foster's brick. Residence corner of Second and
Baker streets. au25-ly
I. O. O. F.
mm The nep-nlar Mect-
No, 4,1. O. O. F are held at their Hall in Xor
eress Building, Albany, every WEDNESDAY
EVENING, at 1 o'clock. Brethren in good
standing are invited to attend.
l?y order of the A. G.
N OTICE ! MOEY TO L.ET.
4 FEW TWENTIES left, to par for good
J- Wheat. Highest cash price paid on delivery
of good wheat at my ware house, Albany, Oregon.
100,000 POUNDS OF WOOL'
For which we will pay the
tllGIICST 3IARKET PRICE.
- . W. W. PARRISH Jk CO
Albany, January 27th. 1SGA.
SELLING OFF MSELUKG OFF!
S5o:ooo "wotk: i
Frst Street and No. 5 Waahing-ton
Tlie Largest, Most General, and
Most Splendid Assortment of
STATIONERY, BLANK BOOKS,
LETTER PRESSES, &C,
p.N TJIE PACIFIC COAST,
- ' MCHLT BOUND ''
Clblcs, Prayer and Hymn Dotk.
An Immense Assortment of
SCHOOL BOOKS !
Orders From the Interior.
Filled wkh dispatch and euro.
Portland. November 16. 1S6,
fTlHE partnership heretofore existing between
the nndersignod has this day been dissolved
by mutual consent. All debts due the "Democrat
jfstibligbmenC on account of advertising, sub
scription, or job work, will be paid to Abbott k
Brown ; and all debts against the firm are hereby
assumed and wQl be paid by tbem.
" . . M. II. ABBOTT,
Jf. V. BROWN.
- JNO. TRAVERSE
Albany, Nov. J 6, 1S66.
We turn the author of the following lines over
io the wishes of the ladies. ' We make no apologies
for him, as he has neither youth nor ago to recom
mend him to clemency. t We have reason to be
lieve that this act of his was the result of mature
deliberation. Hear what he has to say
As along the street I blundered, -Much
I marveled, much I wondered,
, Seeing sight aud things that mortal
' Never saw or dreamed before ; '
On the pavement came a rapping f
A of footfall gently tapping,
And I heard a muslin flapping,
Which my eye would fain explore,
'Tis some female, ' then I muttered .
I had seen the thing before
Only this and nothing more.
Came this female sweeping by me ;
Fearing she would chance to spy me,
Suddenly I stepped into
Friendly, waiting, open door ;
Thence I 'saw the lovely maiden
Being from some distant Aideen
All perfumed and dry goods laden,
Pass me, and go cn before,
Nought had I to do but follow
: And note down the dress she wore
'Twas a mystery to explore. .
And I found by close inspection
That her haughty, upper section,
Something chance had called a bonnet.
On its pericranium wore ; ,
And her breast was heaving slowly,
'Neath the garment fashioned lowly.
And I knew the movement wholly
I had never seen before,
For I knew 'twas "patent heavers"
That this radient maiden wore,
Ouly thee and nothing more.
And her checks were full and rosy
I could lell you, very"quickly, a
Secret that a druggist told me
Of the color that she wore
Yet her cheeks were very pleasing,
But her look at me was freeiing,
And she showed a sign of sneezing,
As she swept along before ;
And she sneeied a pair of plumpers"
Out at ieast a yard before ;
Ouly this and nothing more.
Then I noticed an uncertain
Lifting of the muslin curtain,
That her feet had deftly hidden
From my errant eyes before ;
With each lift eauie a desire
That 'would lilt a little higher,
And at last it did aspire
Higher than I'd seen before.
And I knew it was a "tUtcr !'
That this saintly maiden wore;
Just a "tilter" nothing more.
And the tilting and the rocking
Up and down the sp-endid stocking
Gartered by a plush ribbon,
That I ehanred to see she wore,
Showed me 'twas a Sight for weeping
That a pair of calves were creeping
Out of place as ihe was sweeping
Like a stately qnevn before :
Calves that she had lately pnrcbesed
From a fancy dry goods store
Patent calves and not much more.
And the fiuttcring and the flapping
Of the maiden's gaudy trapping
Showed me sights that never mortal
Eye had dared to see before ;
Sights revealed by every lifting
Of the folds of muslin drifting.
Round her, which the winds were shifting
Eye-ward, higher, more and more.
Sights that to mortal vision
Never were revealed before,
Nameless here forever more.
And while thus her rigging fluttered,
Much I Wundered, and I muttered :
'And you call this thing a woman
That is truuneing on before;
She, the brazen dull of fashion,
Wrapped in one tremendous passion,
Sunken from her noble station
To the thing that goes before ;
Oh ! that ever mortal vision
Should such mystery explore,"
This I muttered, nothing more.
And the thought eame o'er me gushing,
"Where has gone the art of blushing
That we loved in wife or maiden
In the saintly days of yore ?"
Call me, if you will, uncivil.
While I name her "thing of evil,"
And I wish the very deuee
Had the toggery she wore,
Atad again she were arrayed in
Dresses like her mother wore,
Vanished now forever more.
For the State Rights Democrat. :
LECTURES BY REV. H. H. SPAULOING
iarly Oregon 3Iisioiis-Their-Im
Jtortiture in Neeuring the lotiu
ry to Americans.
At a naval court-martial recently held
in Biooklvn, the follotvmr dialogue i
said to have taken place between one
the witnesses and the court.
"Are you a Catholic?" asked, the
"Are you a Protestant V ' .
"What are you, then ?"
"Captain of the foretop."
Why Didn't You ? "I came for the
"What saucer ?"
"Why, the saw, sir, that you bor
"I borrowed no saucer."
"Sure, you did, sir; you borrowed a
"O, you want the saw. Why didn't
you say so ?"
WniCH Licked. "Pa." said little
Channiog to his paternal ancestor, hold-
in?; up a Sunday School picture book,
"what is that ?"
, "That, my son," gravely replied the
father, "is Jacob wrestling with the an
gel." "And which licked, pa ?" innocentlv
continued the young hopeful.
Muggings was with a friend, when he
observed a poor dog that had been killed,
lying in a gutter. Muggins paused and
gazed intently at the animal, and at last
said, 'nereis another shipwreck.' 'Ship
wreck! where?' 'There's a bark that's
lost forever.' His companion growled
and passed on.
Not Necessarily. It does not follow
that two persons are fit to marry because
both are good. Milk is good and mustard
is good, but they are not good for each
N. B. The "Democrat" will eontinne regular
ly to be published by the undersigned, at the tame
placi, and on the same terms as heretofore. We
respectfully solicit, not only a continuance, hut
the increased patronage of the public.
ABBOTT t BROWN.
"Landlord," said an exquisite, "can
you enable me from your culinary stores
to realize the pleasures of a few dulcet
murphies, rendered inoxious by ingenious"
Henry Ward Beecher rusticates on a
C-U,UUU tarm at .reeksville, New lork.
Jcnny Lind's husband gets drunk and
squanders her moaey.
A double purpose was accomplished.
The one only purpose of those two Amer
ican heroines, both, now walking the gold
en streets of heaven with some of. their
ndian converts, was to obey their Lord
and carry the gospel to the Indians. God
lad also another, a great National pur
pose, to accomplish : the opening of the
t emigrant wagon road from the
Missouri to the Columbia, and the open
ing of the mines. Theso feeble women
were selected of God to settle the ques
tiqn by their own sacrifices, and trials and
riardships, that white women and wagons
and cattle could . cross the mountains
a thing pronounced impossible by hun
dreds of mountain men. The cold of
California did not, and the gold of the
world could not have induced them to
undertake what they did. But God
knew the power that would move them.
Ie brought a tingle short sentence from
the words of Jesus : "Go teach all na
tions," to bear upon their minds, and be-
iold the stupendous national results : and
the end is not yet. Mark the finjrer of
God iu directing the several agencies
concerned. Had Mrs. Spaulding listened
to the strong remonstrances of those who
prouounced the undertaking an act of in
sanity; or had she yielded to my wishes
and delayed, the fate of this country
would have been fised. It would -have
been to-day a British province. Two
weeks later, after the decision was made
and we had started, the report of Mr.
Lee reached the States. Mr. Lee, after
personally eximining the whole route,
pronounced it. as all the other mountain
travelers had done, impossible foij a white
womau to endure the hardships and dan
gers of the overland route; therefore he
changed his mission fields front the moun
tains to the coast, and sent for his lady
missionories to come-around Cape Horn.
Had our wives seen this opinion of Mr.
Lee, they would have been deterred, and
had they come at all they would have
doubtless come around Cape Horn. Or
had Dr. hitniau not come back from
Green river the same year, the offer to
cross th; mountains would not have come
before Mrs. Spaulding. And, whereas,
these two missionary women were the
first and only two women found in the
L nited btates up to ISoG who had the
physical and moral courage, m obedience
to their Lord, to face the self-denials and
dangers of the overiaud route; ami,
whereas, that settled the question that
women could cross the mountains, and as
this mission cahed out a reinforcement of
four lady missionaries, who crossed the
mountains two years after, in 1838, and
thus established the great emigrant wagon
road from the Missouri to the Columbia ;
and as this, our mission party of 1S38,
afforded a convoy irom the 1 opeiage east
of the Rocky mountains to Oregon, to
Captain butter, who went thecce to Cali
fornia, and ten vears later opened in his
mill race the first gold mines on this
coast; and, whereas, the overland emi
grant road led to the settling of this coast
and finally the interior Territories, by
American families and miners, and this
agaiu has secured this great country to
the Government ; and, again, as the re
markable man. Dr. Whitman, would not
have been here to rush, as if supernatu
rally sent, to Washington in the winter
of 1842-3, at the risk of his life, just in
time to save this country from being
traded off for a codfiahcry, but for the
commencement of our mission then and
there in the town of Howard, in the
State of New York, by the decision of
that remarkable 'disciple of Christ, under
the judicious but energetic influence of
the Doctor ; and, whereas, the gigantic
efforts of wise men and men of wealth to
establish an American colony on the Pa
cific coast had thus far failed ; therefore,
to the pelf-exiling, the hardships and dan
gers of these two missionary heroines, are
the American people and the American
Government indebted more than to any
other two persons, dead or alive, for all
they hold valuable on this Pacific slope
their commerce now whitening every sea
and river, their gold and silver mines
pouriug out every day increasing thou
sands to augment their National wealth,
and for the civilization and Christianity
which are everywhere taking the place of
the thick moral darkness that had reigned
unbroken for unknown ages.
The Doctor, on receiviug our consent to
share with him and his the fate of cross
ing the Rocky mountains, wrote by us to
his intended companion, Miss Narcissi
Prentiss, then living in Alleghany couuty,
that he had obtained the required associ
ates, and that he would be there at a giv
en time to lead her forth forever from her
parents aud her home, to share with him
the ton! and dangers of the Rocky moun
tains, and the joy of preaching Christ to
the benighted tribes beyond ; and, as
events have shown, to share with him the
terrible death by the hand of savages.
Miss Prentiss received this intelligence
as only one would who had early made an
entire surrender of all to Christ. She
had given herself to the Lord at the early
age of thirteen by a public profession,
with seventy others the same day. The
writer was a wicked boyamonsr the spec
tators that day, and it was until five years
after that God, iu His sovereign mercy,
brought him unto the same church under
the iaithful labors of that most godly
man, James II. Ilotchkin. Hence we
were members of the same church, and
for years of the same school, in that our
dear home, l'rattsburg, and now to be
companions in a fearful journey across
tne continent to erect a mission anion
Myself and wife spent the next Sunday
in her town, Angelica, where commenced
the acquaintance and christian fellowship
of these two missionary heroines which
i was ended only by death. The real de
light and great success of thrS two tnis
sipnary women in their missionary work,
and their parental faithfulness to their in
fant children, as God committed them to
their keeping, will appear in extracts
from Mrs. Spaulding'a journal. : 1
Observe, it is not claimed that no other
white women would have crossed the
Rocky Mountaius, or that no emigrant
road would have been opened, or that
some other agency would not have inter
vened to have stopped the trading of Ore
gon for a codfishery, with England, or
that the gold mines would not have been
discovered. But it is claimed that the
above named two women not forold or
the hope of gain for then such objects
were not known iu this direction but
solely in obedience to the command of
tbcir Lord, were the first and only two
women in the United Slates, es late as
1B00, willing to undertake to, and actual
ly did, cross the lloeky Mountains and
the continent; and that the heroic Amer
ican missionary, Whitman, eventually did
reach Washiugfori in March, 1843, thro'
terrible sufferings and hazards frcm In
dians, starvation r and freezinp; ia ' the
mouutains of Utah aud New Mexico, not
an hour too soon to save this country Irons
becoming a British province in the Ash-
burton Treaty, by giving personally to
President lyier his knywleuge of thin
country, its 'importance to the United
States, aud the fact that himself and asso
ciates had actually taken their wives and
a wagon across the continent six years be
fore, and that he intended, God willing.
to take back that season a caravan of sev
eral huudred wagons through to the Co
lumbia: and it is claimed that the actual
the world-wide magic history of this Paci-
he VY est, already mapped out into three
States and niue Territories, with its every-
wnere tip-rising cities and towns and
lively settlements, and the vast gold and
silver fields, is the real, the uaturtl, true
results of the crossing the Rocky Moun
tains in 1830 by those two God-chosen
women, under the untiring energy and
unyielding will of Dr. Whitman. And
it cannot but be a source of satisfaction
to our American ladies to know that two
of their number were able, under God, to
accomplish what strong men and men of
wealth had failed to accomplish n actu
al emigrant route from the Missouri to
the Pacific, a sure basis for the settlement
of the country. And it must ever be a
satisfaction to the American Board and
its friends who sent forth these humble
missionaries, to be able to point the infi
dels aud the fanatics in the American
Government to such plain and uudenia-
ble results trom the self-denvm, hazard
ous, unrewarded labors of their mission
aries results of great value to the public
Observe again. Too much praise can
not be awarded to that great and good
pioneer missionary, Lee, and the selt-de
nying lady missionaries, who, by a sea
voyage around Cape Horn, came early to
his assistance in establishing his flourish
ing mission to the Indian tribes on this
coast. This mission of the Methodist
Board, while It brought to the Indian
tribes the Sun of Righteousness, became
the nucleus of the first American colony
on the Pacific, and gave a healthy chris
tian character to the provisional govern
ment of Oregon which was organized six
years after the first missionaries arrived
in the W lllamette. But while this is said
with satisfaction, it must be admitted on
all hands that the overland emigrant
route was the. essential element, the pro
moting cause of the settlement of this
coast by American settlers. But this
route owes its existence, in the first place,
to Mrs. Spaulding and Mrs. "Whitman,
and in the second place, to the personal
sunerings.ana naiaras ot tne Jioctor in
the mountains in the winter of 1842-3,
who learned enough from different sour
ccs, confirmed by the sudden appearance
in this country, in the fall of '42, of a
British colony of 140 souls, from the
British settlement on the Wmncpcg Lake,
to convince him that his presence was
needed that winter in Washington, and
in the spring to bring a caravan of emi
grant wagons over the mountains and
through to the Columbia riveror Oregon
The history of his mission to Washing
ton will show that his fears were well
We spent our next Sunday in Kins
man, Ohio, with a college-mate of our
good old "Western Reserve," who, with
the good people of the town, remembered
us oft and again after we had reached our
lonely mission field, by helping the Nez
Perces Indians to some of their first cat
tle, and by sending barrels of clothing
and valuables, to the amouut of hundreds
of dollars, for the use of our family.
Here we left our runners and shipped our
wagon wheels for which wo had made
arrangements when starting from Hol
land Patent, New York, on the 1st of
February. But for want of bottom in
the roads, we were compelled to take wa
ter at Pittsbhrgh, where we met with the
celebrated George Catlin, and were shown
his extensive "Indian Gallery" and paint
According to previous arrangements,
Dr. Whitman overtook us at Cincinnati
with his wife, his two Nez Perces boys
and three missionaries tor the Pawnee
Indians. The good christian people of
that city met with us in the oixth Presby
terian Church, Kev. Mr. .Norton, and
gave us a christian farewell, with many
prayers for our success, but with many
! 1. J! . 1. ! T .
loreoouings lor our lames, luountain
men pronounced the undertaking scarce
ly less than manslaughter, and suggested
the idea ot stopping Mrs. b. and Sirs. W
by the civil authorities, if they would not
be persuaded. "They never can endure
the hardships of the journey, or escape
the frenzy of the tribes to get hold of
white women. , One white woman, in
attempting to pass these tribes, had been
taken by them and never more heard
from. "Let the men go by the i
tains, but the women must be sent via
All the effect these strong fears, honest
ly.expressedj had upon our heroic wives,
will be seen from two extracts from Mrs.
S.'s journal: -: ' :-
"Cincinnati, March 22, 1836. -To-day
we leave Cincinnati in company with. Dr.
and Mrs. Whitman, who are to be asso
ciates with us in laboring . to erect the
standard of the cross on heathen ground.
May God bless us in our intercourse with
each other ; and if permitted to enter
upon the great work we have in view,
may we find favor in ihe eyes of the
heathen, and our- presence and labors
among them be blessed to their spiritual
and everlasting good. -"
March 2G. The waters of the grand
Ohio are rapidly bearing me away from
all I hold dear in this life, yet I am hap
py. The hope of spending the remnant
of my days among the heathen, for the
express purpose of pointing them to the
'Lamb of (Jod who taketh away the sins
of the world,' affords much happiness."
Not a word about the. hardships to be
encountered." ' ' -
When we left Cincinnati the boat was
to reach St. Louis Friday evening,' but
Saturday night overtook us considerably
short of that place. We asked to be put
on shore, but the captain, a member of
the church, remonstrated j we mighthave
to wait a week before a boat would stop
for ih; we could haTS the use of the
cabin in which to hold divine service. -A
clergyman from New England, who
wa3 on board with his little church and
machinery for mills, designing to com
mence a christian settlement in the West,
advised us to remain on board. . But here
the decisive character of the r religion of
our wives showed itself; and to their un
yielding love for God's holy day we owe,
doubtless, the success of our enterprise.
Our ladies calmly repeated to the captain
and the New England clergyman the holy
commandment, "Remember the Pabbath
day to keep it holy," and asked to be pat
onshore with our effects. The steamer
with the pastor and his mill went ou to
General Beauregard, who is still in Paris,
will coon return to New Orleans. r
Ben. JJolidayjhas Bold oat his orerland
mail and eipresi route, and realized !a
million dollars f rofit by the operation. J :
'j-.'i! : ; .. m - i ,, , : ;
James Hi Randall, author of : the fong
"Maryland, my Maryland," is one f tie
editors of the A igusta Constitutionaliat.
Admiral Raphael Semmes has pnrchas
ed a third interest in the Mobile Gazetted
and assumes ediiiorial charge of the paper.
i " - " tfrf -- - --r
Charles , Sumner, the Massachusetts
Senator, Is going to get married to some
ncu josion wminr. ne trust me ; nreea
The Emperor Xapoleou's Tlijsi-
Written for the Str.te Eights Democrat. '
Tbe Union and its Principles. ;
Lebanon, Not. 22, 18CG.
Mr. Editoh : ; It is persisten tly asseri
ed and too generally believed that the
principles of. our Republican institutions
have been triumphantly vindicated y and
by dint of the late civil war a guarantee
has been realized that secures tis against
the danger of future disturbance. 1 That .
this is the heartfelt t desire of every true
fatript cannot be questioned.; But it rt
y, requires a superficial glance at past and j
present developments ' to . convince the -most
obtuse intellect of the fatal insecu
rity of our time-honored icstitutio'tis:';
Leaving out of sight the overpowering
evidence of history simple reason and a
moderate knowledge ot human- nature
MMiofrsi.na an unprejudiced mind.to know
A Paris correspondent of a New Y'ork
Journal, who writes that the Emperor's
health is really in a bad condition, says
For years he has been suffering more
or less with catarrh of the bladder, and it
is said now to daily a considerable quan
tity of blood. Diabetes is also reported
to have set in. In addition to his person
al friend and physician, Dr. Conneau, the
Emperor now has constantly attending
and consulting him the three most enii
men in the profession in Paris Drs. Ray
er, Nelaton and Ricord. " -
Dr. Rayer is the doynt or president of
the faculty of medicine of Paris, and inj
that capacity may perhaP3 be supposed to;
represent all the medical learning of the
city. His opinion, indeed, bears great
weight Irom it, and he is much employed
in consultation by these who can afford to
pay his large - fees. Nelaton is, every
thing considered, the most distinguished
surseonin Paris. He it was who went to
Italy, and found and extracted the ball
from Garibaldi's foot, and saved him from
an amputation, after the Italian surgeons
had declared that the ball was not there,
but that amputation must take place.
lucord s reputation in his "speciality is
world-wide. His income froni his pro
fession is said to amount to about 500,000
francs, or 8100,000 a year.- lie receives
his patients every afternoon after 5 o'clock,
and it is said that he frequently continues
his receptions till two or three in the
morning, and so great is the rush upon
him that in order to see him at all it is
necessary to procure a number, each pa
tient awaiting his turn, a3 he does at a
ominbus bureau. Ricord, in spite of his
immense income like Alexander Dumas,
Lamartine, , Daniel Webster and other
great men, Hying and dead is said to bo
.continually embarrassed and in debt, and
a few years since his creditors incarcerated
him for a-few days iu the debtor's prison
at Clinchy. Ricord is an American by
birth, a native of Baltimore, but came to
Paris when he was 19 year3 old. He is
now about CO. and wears in his button
hole tho ribbon of the Legion of Honor.
Such are the Fmperor's medical advis
ers : and the fact of its bem considered
necessary, in additiou to his rcjrular phy
sician who is a very skillful man, and
in whom the Emperor has great confi
dence to call in such eminent men, is
perhaps in itself strong evidence of the
Emperor s bad condition.
will not be perpetuated
The New lorl: Herald argues that the Uiiat , TOOr r4,ritiMr.fVil ftwn,il
Popw will soon Itiive Rome and establish mj io tbet preservation of H?pnblicafe
the Episcopal Se. in America. The Her- government than civil war is not within
aid promises him a warm reception, y tne range of human aSencr. Then, to
, T; A i' !? ! preserve unimpaired Republican mstitu-
Mr. Delontain,. the army correspon- on9;and to perpetuate the principles of
dent of the Charleston Courier through- H1)erty. a strict adherence to the funda
out the war, has in press book entitled '1 f the land should Wresolufe'
"The Boysm Grey, or Life Under the , d3manded a6d rlg-ldjy enforced by tho
jaia' : . people. . . ' . y ,v ?
n,.! A T? T.rnn nf AtWv Never, since the world began, haveeiv-
fi ' ' no rrm cpr.fi Anrl H belligerents been satisfied with the ae-
of the Confederate States, boasts that he complishment .of the object prompting
will raise the best crops of cotton and corn l" UB , 00 BUO F"J sut
ever known in his section. , dued and no longer able to offer effectual
j resistance, tne victors, tnrougn ambitious
Arand-dachter of Count de Las or mercenary motives, demanl further
Casas, the tompanioo of Napoleon at St, and additional guarantees, net originally
Helena, is about to marry BaroaMfteheis, conrennjiaiea, .irom uie prostrate party,
a young diplomatist, aud grandson ot an as a pretext to protect j public safety ai
old servant of the Emperor. gainst similar repetitions. ? IIecee, the
leaders and heroes of the victorious party
"I cannot bear children," ; eaid Mrs; insidiously and insensibly prepare; the
Prim, distainfully. people to accept any and every propo?i-:
Mrs. Partington, looking over her tion, however much it may corrupt raor-
spectacles, mildly replied, "perhaps if als, violate law or afflict humanity, if it
you could, you would like them better. only comes clothed in. the habiliments o
1 ; pretended patriotism Thus, an uasns-
Dr. Craven author of the "Prison Lifejpecting and liberty-loving people are in;
of Jefferson Davis," has already received vfcigled into the support of a systeia'of
from Carleton, of New York, the sum of public measures that effectually overthrow
$12,000 as. copyright on that volume, Republican government, leaving the peo-
which still continues to sell just as rapidly pie the unpitied but unpitiable victims of
as on the first day of its publication. a pitiless despotism. . ' -
Craven has also received 950 from the '; .Now, to sustain this starflim propo&P
publishers of his book in England. Ition, let us look at a few Of the promi-i
nent leatures that characterized the late
Kossutk. The following touching de-j rebellion, and still . continue to give foree
scription of Lous Kossuth is from a late and effect to its palpable consequences.
letter from Paris: "It is the Cafe Flor- When the Government of the U. States.
tan a man of hairs so white that you do determined to defend itself against what"
not note their thinness, bowed down, and was considered an unlawful resistance by "
meek and silent, yet very kindly-eyed ; an armed force to its legitimate authority
but never flashed by any period to which it was nowhere thought,- nor by no one,
he comes, passed m young dreams of a expected that any other than legitimate,
free state, but waiting yst, though death weapons taken from the armory of the '
seems closer than freedom, : reading the constitution would be wielded against the
journal all apart." enemy to restore, uphold ; and maintain i
" 11 ' j the honor " and 1 dignity of the Govern-
Rev. Joseph Ceoss, D. D. the Ban- ment. lr. at i the outbreak "of the re.
ner says has been "most cordially re- bellion it was a conceded opinion, among
ceivea ana entertamea Dy me .ircnoisnop the intelligent classes, in every section ot
ot Canterbury and tne ArcDDisnop ot our country that the Constitution made4
New York. Both of these distinguished ample provision to meet any emergency, 1
Prelates manifested an earnest interest in 0r repel anv attack that could bo made on
repel any :
the object of his mission and gave it their j the Government either by foreign foes or,t
warmest approval and endorsement. 1 domestic enemies. The sacred observance '
Dr. Cross was i n excellent health and 0f this principle seemed so essential to the
much encouraged in the prosecution of the preservation of our liberties, the chief
office of bis mission." - magistrate of our nation solemnly assured a
the people, in his inaugural, that he had ?
ELOQrENT Extract. The following! no design or legal right to interfere with
is an extract from the speech of Geo. II. the established institutions of the States,
Pendleton, in r lemmgsburg, Kentucky : or in any wise employ anymeasurs tocrush a
I stood the other day in that beautiful the rebellion not warranted by the Con- 1
cemetery which overlooks the valley of Istitution. . But the Rebellion suddenly .
the Kentucky river . and the , capital of magnified itself, into such formidable and ,
your State. I wandered among its beauti-j menacing proportions that, under the m-
ful trees, and looked upon the inscriptions fiuenceaof its stimulating excitement, the '
upon its many tombs. 1 saw there the President assumed powers unsustamed by
heroes of civil strife-I mean civil, as tho Constitution to 'crush the Rebellion.,
distinguished from military who had The first arbitrary act of the Executive,
died with the harness on. 1 saw, the apparently sustained by the people, wa3 .
graves of the immortal dead, who had followed by others more fragrant, bold
died in our late unhappy and Wretched and comprehensive. The marauding ep-
civil strife. Old and young all bore idemie that then prevailed seemed to m- '
testimony to the courage and valor and feet Congress, where the virus was fatally (1
heroism of Kentucky. There they are intensified, returned to the people, mocu- ,
laid altogether, those who died fifty years lating itself into the minutest rammca
ago, and those who had died this year. tionsof society creating a morbid bound-'
Confederates and Federals lay side by less desire for revenge; plunder and blood,
side, their battles over, their struggles regardless of law, gospel pr Constitution. - .
past there they lay m the calm and si-j Unlimited power lor a time, seemed cen-
lent repose ofa common death. Their Itered in the President Congress pander-
spirits had ascended upon eternal wing3 ed to the diseased exacerbations of publio
to perform in concurrent harmony the clamor, and sustained the Commander-in-"
1ICTURE OF JN AFOliEON. lie Wa.9
everything. He was complete. He had
in his brain the cube of human faculties-
lie made codes from Justinian he dic
tated like Cossar his conversation ioined
the lightning of Pascal to the thunderbolt
of Tacitus he made history, and he wrote
it his bulletins are Illiads he combined
the figures of Newton with the metaphors
of Mahomet ho left behind him in the
Orient words as grand as the Pyramids
at Tilsit ho taught majesty to Emperors,
at the Acadamy ot Sciences he replied to
Laplace, in the Council ot State he held
his ground with Merlin, he gave a soul to
the geometry of those and to the trickery
of these, he was equal with the attorneys
aud sidereal with the astranomers; like
Cromwell blowing out ono candle when
two were lighted, ho went to the Temple
to cheapen a curtain tassel j he saw every
thing: he knew everything: which did
not prevent him from laughing a good
man's laugh by the cradle ot his little
child: and all at once, startled Europ3
listened, armies set themselves in march,
parks of artillery rolled along, bridges of
boats stretched over, the rivers, clouds of
cavalry galloped in the hurricane, cries,
trumpets, a trembling ot thrones every
where, the frontiers cf the kingdoms
oscillated upon the map, the sound of a
superhuman blade wa3 heard leaping from
its sheath, men saw him, standing erect in
the horizon with a flame in his hands and
a resplendence in his eyes, unfolding in
the thunder of his two wings the Grand
Army and, the Old Guard, and he was the
arch-angel ot war l l victor Hugo.
duties assigned them by ' the divine ap
pointment of their Almighty Maker.
And why is it gentlemen that we, the liv
ing, feeling the necessity of harmony,
must wait till a common death shall seize
us, and until it shall be too late before we
agree to strike hands together, bury our
differences at the foot of our country's
alter, and swear by tho Eternal God, to
her, and to her alone, we will be true for
AniSTiDES. A tragedy by Escliylus
was once represented before the Athen
ians, in which it was said of one of the
characters, "that he cared more to be just
than to appear so. At these words, all
eyes were instantly turned upon Aristides,
as the man who, of all the , Greeks, most
merited that distinguished character.
Ever after he received, by universal con
sent, the surname of the Just, a title, says
Plutarch, truly royal, or rather, truely
divine. This remarkable , distinction
roused envy, and envy prevailed so far
as to procure his banishment for ten years,
upon the unjust suspicion that his influ
ence with the people was dangerous to
their freedom. When his sentence was
passed by his countrymen, Aristides him
self was present in the midst of them, and
a stranger who stood near and could not
write, applied to him to write for him in
"What name?" asked the philosopher.
"Aristides " replied the stranger.
"Do you know him, then ?" said Aris
tides, "or has he in any way injured you ?"
"Neither," said the other : "but it is
for this very thing I would he were con
demned. ' 1 can go nowhere but I hear o
Aristides the Just."
Aristides inquired no further, but took
the shell and wrote his name iu it as de
Chief. Striking down, everywhere, the -p
rights of the citizen in utter contempt of ;
aw, justice and mercy. io quiet the
patriotic fears and case the distressing
pains inflicted upon the country by this
L nioa-savmg crusade, the treacherous
salvo of "necessity" was pleaded and ap- ;
plied.. It was contended that an unlaw- '
ul assault had been made upon the Gov- ,
ernmcnt, placing the life of the nation in '"'
imminent peril. That "necessity com-
pelled a resort to uulawful measures to
repulse the euemyand save the Union.
That, just. so soon as the rebels would
stack their arms and resume their allegi- :
ance to the Government, all ofacial vio- f
ence to law should cease, and the msur- 4
gents be restored to their sovereign rights
under the old Constitution. Thus the ::
people, under the influence of a patriotic ;
desire to save the Union, continued their
aggressive onslaught till the rebels yield-
ed tne contest, and desired to resume tneir
egitimate positions in the Goverament. ; j
Have they been allowed to do Sii ? No. ....
And why ? Because the rash and precipe -
itate usurpations employed to save the
u mon nave wrousm a raaicai cnange iu
the organic ; form of our government. - ;u
Likewise, imperceptibly,., but : certainly U ;
transformed the impressions and pfejudt- ,1
ces of the victorious section so . as to har- y
monize with the violent changes created ' " 5
by "military necessity," dictating terms
to the vanquished, so humiliating, . une- ?
quable and faithless no people can toler
ate who are resolved to be free.
The advocates, adherents and agents of
the late civil war vehemently contended :
that no object was contemplated i other V
than the restoration of peace, and the ;
practical establishment of the U. States
authority extended over the whole Unionr
leajing unmolested the sacred sovereign-'