"" fXMOlff- n rr - .nnrn.n . m i.nn ,r ... .-.i.rai.irri.r. I l It 111 nil I nfflfiitln - -i n ,. . .,..,. ...... m ... . .,,..,-, , ,-r-, , , - ,-. ,,,, STATE EIGHTS DEMOCRAT. Vol. if ALBANY, LINN COUNTY, OREGON, SATURDAY, MARCH 10, 1866. NO. 31, STATE RIGH15 DEMyfe, AT. ISSUED EVERY SATURDAY, IS A IS ANY, MNN COUNTY, OGN. PUBLISHER AND EDITOR. C" "the One Etory CaSiiaj' ea the tmt runahur from tha raw by tie Casit Hanse, East side, T Bleaks ". f theLSaia Easiness ttmt . . TERMS: : Cne Copy fbr OaiTn1 . - M tae Copy far six SXentfes - - - $3 Parroect to be made in kdrmnn in erery Tka Pp will not b tent to any address .aala erdercd, ud Ua tens for which it shall be ttrierei & paid for. if rfrprrfw ifj & naiic term any iaftec N. B. Tim el prior notice' will be given to 4a Subscriber of the week on which his lab cription will expire, and anless an order for it enliaE" accompanied with the' money, be SJTa taa Paper will be disoontiaaed to that aiilrwa, . : . - : . fBCsi stare, ef Ttralre Lisea, or ' Xis, Caa Xasertisa... - $3 12 Eaisesent Insertion - 1 " A Z!nl redaction from these ra.t t Cjaarterir, Half Yaaxty aad .any ertisers, aud a pan all Laagtay rsvesiat ariU fee atit. rroTicat Cerrespoadent writing erer usnmed tinatnree f aaoDTicoaslT, sast nuke known their proper name to the Editor, or no attention will be given t their eontmanirationj. ' A3 Letters lad Cotaa onicatiocs, whether on nisess or for pabUcatioa, shonld be addressed to d!oav't.-- - J 9. a. cauroK. XTO. ft, XXLJt. cxiAiron &- hhimU, ill. HITS ID CCnSElICSS IT llT, dotTNSELLOR AT LAW, Will practice la the Soperier and Inferior Conrts of Ore job. CTFICS at his residence, oce mu6 &om Albauy. Febraary 17, 1SS5. - . ' -- - OREGON CITY. artievlar Attention given to Zasd -s regoa City, Oga., Dee. SfS, 186S. .... A, F. WSSELEB, : AlSsaay,. Oregon." " ' 1, -STILL rROMPTLTATTEXD. TO THE -If wriling and teklng acknovtedgmeats of Veaas k vr and Fowert of Attorney. Also, "" ' ta.Jy-ji..4aaayta., t t I I ICS la the Jtew Conrt Hoaso. Albaay, Jaaaary it, 1866. C V.: CI1AY, su itcEp n b E IMTI ST, ir..:, i.ta !d9&U of tha y- Casein oati College of . onld afi Cjer his Frofessioaal err ices to ft eittxeai of this plaee aad carronnding eonntry. , rOi?rKa t"? stain 'a Foster's Brick Btuldiag. ' jesideaee aloamde of the Pacific HoteL Aiaay, Aagaat Uih, ISSi. aagl4tf ."AAJirtG! it;. '.TZa TrXAClT 4 COo, v . (St'CC20SS TO TRACT tATilJj.-OIIEISO -IEB EI3SEST PRICE PAID FOR - :l9 t::T,:itca TEas, etc. 111X3 ETC CHS COtGET ASH - -. . I Z h i '-A ; gOl.. ;- ; - . ; OFFICE yS' Frcnt street, first doer Portland, Dee. 9,1855. " : ' - ' " ' - St. FAT. JUS a 3. B. HOUAIT AHHISH & HOLMAN PORTIVNE. OGN. ' Tz Commercial and i'. - iC -!j brokers, cm.--n.r Ustt, rrcrt Street . j-j'-t, rc X0, 1845. :JITI2-"DIICSo VJ Aa hwm1 as. ,i'A2,T DEALERS IN w at ia. V- . ..J :iC:L3.M:3C:LYEaYARE, , IILITAIIY GOODS, -rr34' 1 3 rcc;:.t Street, : iPertlantl. (c? ea T2.i.rc::co, California,) : -e ni la ptpoa to tita V -. iua . . " -. Alii to C E ... sasat Aooats with the , fTATt. v,;--t;vi7 O FCSTCFFiCE H r""y : ;::.vj, l ::d patent cffice. . f ottscV i to, c. '.lain vifgrmatiea from time to " time, i. i. - ax', . - :n rrzra etictt, a - -rTTC?T CITY, D, C. aa2S ri3 sas rsAS- I ; ALSO : .vJ-..,,i(fEp vhkk we ara Mlliag ... ''m ' ; ' nraczOT co. A,mj, E. ; 'xL,; S9, 1SS3, - - SPEECH OF TItE HOW. GEORGE II. PEI)L.ETO. The Powers rthe Federal Const! tntlea aad ike Bights of States. The subjoined remarks made bj the Hon. George H. Pendleton, of Ohio, at trie celebration on the 8th of January,, at Columbus, like all said bj that distin guished gentleman, are full of sound doc trine and good sense. They are in re sponse to the toast, "The Constitution :M Mr. Presidest: You ask me to speak to a sentiment in honor of the Constitu tion. I know the views and hopes and aspirations and efforts of these gentlemen, but if I should look out into the country beyond the limits of this halL beyond iuo circie oi opinions wmcn we nave heard to-night, I should scarcely know whether I ought toeak of it in ad miring praise, as an existing, acuve, em cient beneficence, er use the terms of sad eulogy, fitted for tie side of a new made re, wherein lies prostrate a lifeless form slain 'by . the - hands of pretended friends But, thank God ! the principles of the Constitution can never die ! It may be neglected and violated j its appli cation may be suspended ; Presidents and Congressmen may prove faithless to it ; the people may become degenerate and unable or unwilling to maintain it as their organic law; yet its principles, embodied in written forms, shall remain for the use ot ail good men nereatier, illustrated by the history of seventy years, during which time these States enjoyed " domestic tran quility," .aud their people enjoyed " the blessings of liberty . Like the words of I the Almighty, they shall not return void Lake toe tain test sound, whose utterances cause the oscillation of the atmosphere to the utmost limits oi space and affects its action and position in all time, so these principles, once having been in action, shall, with their influences, reach the nations throughout the ages. What gave novelty and value to the Federal Constitution? It was not the guarantees of personal, liberty, nor yet the prohibitions of invasion of individual rights. These had been declared with equal clearness and vigor five centuries before in the Great Charter at Runny mede, and transmitted from " sire to son:" they had been engrafted upon the Colonial Governments, and were the re cognized monument of American liberty. It was the nice adjustment of the rela tions of the 5tte and Federal Govern ments, by which they both became co ordinate and essential parts of one har monious system. It was the nice adjust ment of the pwera of the State and Federal Governments, by which was left 1 do not say giTen to the States the exclusive guardianship of their domestic affairs, and of the interests of their citi- iehs,and was granted :is the Federal Government the exclusive control of their international and inter-State relations. . It was the parsimonious economy of the powers of the States with which the Fed erai government was enaowea. it was the paucity of subjects and of powers, withdrawn from the States, and committed to the Federal Government. It was the fewness of ends to be attained and of means wherewith to attain them, intrusted to the Federal Government. It was the recognition of the idea of Confederation the appreciation of the valoe of local self-government. It was the recognition that the States were the creators ' and their powers were inherent, and that the Federal Government was the creature and its powers were delegated. It was the definition of Federal authority and of State rights contained in those clauses of the Constitution which declare that the Constitution and. the laws passed in pur suance thereof are supreme, and that all powers not delegated to Congress, nor prohibited to the States, by the Constitu tion mark the words are reserved. It was this which made Union possible by reconcilling Union with liberty, which endued the Government with all needful vigor, and invested it with all the powers necessary for either peace or war, without committing it to either the interests of communities or the rights of individuals This spirit animated those who held authority for a quarter of a century after we seenna -administration, ana witn rare exceptions, until lately, have held it ever since. And just in proportion as the Federal Government has been held strictly to this idea of its original formation, has it secured " domestic tranquility and the blessings of liberty. It must be so.." Reason and history alike not only , the history of our own brief life, but also the history of dead aud living empires, teach us that consolidation is despotism -that Confederation is the only iiope of liberty, v : I he tendency of our day is toward consolidation, and there is from this ten dency more danger to the Constitution, to the cause of republican government, to the territorial unity of the states, than from all the ordinances of secession, or from all the armed hosts of the Confed erates. -1 believe there is more danger in the single proposition, broached jiot long trT . . 1 1 . A .1 i since in wasmngton, . ana more i&ieiy m this, city, that the Southern States shall be denied representation, nay, that their very Statehood shall be denied them until they shall assent to ehanges in the Con stitution, than from all other causes to- Congress has been in session scarcely ten days, and we have already proposi. tio&s so to amend the Constitution, as to deprive the States of the power to define the' qualifications of electors to regulate representation oy the number of voters, and not cf populations to declare what obligations assumed by the States shall be Binding on them, and what shall be the purposes of their taxation. And as if ULese changes ia the organie law were not ao&cient, we have laws proposed to define and protect the status of the in habitants of the several States o define and punish crimes, which are exclusively of State cognizance W give to rauioaus. built wholly within State limits, powers which their charters have expressly de nied to them, and to deprive insurance companies of the rights which the States have assured to them. As if legislative action were too slow, or too regular, we have Federal officers the subordinates of the President some im peding the action of the State courts, not only by refusing to obey write which they pretended were suspended, but by rescu ing criminals from their custody and lib erating prisoners under their indictment; others freedmen's-bureau-men estab lishing and enforcing entirely without authority of law rules for the business intercourse of white men and negroes making, breaking or establishing con tracts for them and even assuming to declare what persons the owners shall be compelled to entertain on their farms, under the penalties of confiscation. Sure ly, if our fellow-citizens of New England must convert this Government into a great eleemosynary institution if they must deprive four millions of: people of their homes to satisfy their craving to make these people the " wards of the na tion they ought to.be ashamed of the niggardliness which seeks to support them at other people's expense, and to quarter them upon those who have been deprived of their services. And far above all these agencies, en tering overy State and county and town ship and family touching every interest, commercial, mechanical and agricultural seeking every avenue of trade, every branch of industry, every profession and occupation holding in their grasp every man and woman and child, whether they labor for bread in the factory or at the plow, or for amusement at counting their income; permeating every artery and vein, tracing every nerve and sinew and fibre of the body politic, and subjugating every influence to their domination, are the systems of Federal finance and taxa tion. This new programme is not the svstem of the Government. It is not the system of the Constitution. It is the centralize- fion of all Governmental forces, of the supervision of all social interests at one point. These thus concentrated cannot be efficiently exercised unless by the in spiration of one heart under the direction of one head, with the vigor of one will, backed by the powers of many men, ac customed by the rigors of discipline or by the hopes of reward to obey blindly one master. These conditions are incompati ble with republican government nay, they are the very essence and definition of despotism. Gentlemen, we have a grave duty to perform. This is the time to assert true principles. Physical force has accom plished its work. Legislative and Ad ministrative action are at their task. Both have pissed beyond their limits. Both liave usurped powers under the pretense of necessity, and now claim them as of right. Both are directed with vigor but often without authority or reason. Both should be made to renounce their preten sions before we yield them commendation The rendition of war, and the results of our vrar, both conduce to aid the progress of this consolidation. They have accus tomed the mind to the exhibition of, and obedience to, the assumption of Federal power. Let us see to it that we be, at least, blameless. Let us by voice and vote by precept and by practice each one in his sphere resist this perversion of this sys tem of government. -Let us hold last to the Constitution; let us hold fast to the doctrine of State Rights. It is the es sential life of the Constitution. It is derided and despised now. It has been the glory of our polity it will be its salvation. Let us guard it as of old the vestal fires were guarded. Let us guard it as of old the ark of the covenant was guarded, against whose pollution by pro fane touch the dread penalties of the Almighty were thundered. lias Scan att Bekx Arrested? The Nashville f Term 1 Dianatch ia resnonsiblc for the following : We have been furnished with this statement, the writer of which says he has the best reasons to believe in the relia bility of what is here affirmed : John burratt was arrested in Texas, at tempting to make his way into Mexico, dur ing the month of J une, lsbo. lie was placed in charge of a Cant. Smith and three pri vates, of the Fourth United States Artillery. Tr a mrlPAtriATlta ftf atA-- wtaha oIab nml jku? auuf vutvuw uv oivj w a 3 oawvvaaaia every effort was made to keep identity or the . f . i fry prisoner a secret, un arriving at xerra Haute, Indiana, the party were compelled to lay over, on account of a break on the Terra Haute and Richmond Railroad, and for two days occupied , rooms at the Terra Haute House, lief ore arriving at Washington, per haps at the Relay House, Surratt was recog nized by acquaintances (for which see dis patches from Washington and .Baltimore, about July 20, 1865). Since reaching Wash ington nothing has been heard of Surratt. One hundred thousand dollars was to paid for his capture. A Fiweia ix a Sausage. Yesterday a nartford gentleman, albeif stroneof stomach and hearty of appetite, met with his match in eatin? a boloema. It was a wholesale es tablishment on State street, where a few friends had gathered to have a glass of ale and a bite of luncheon by themselves. Ihe gentleman referred to eat his bologna with relish, till he found something in his mouth which seemed not to have chopped up as fine as it should be. Taking itout,ne discovered to his horror and disgust that it was the end of a man's finger I It was a fact. There it was 1 How it came there was a greater mystery than the presence last week of the negroe's finger under Senator Sumner's door. The hungry gentleman, after abrupt ending of his meal, and enndry ineffectual efforts to vomit, went home and took an emetic - Hartford Times. The House of Delegated of West Virginia have unanimously adopted a resolution re turning to the State of Virginia the bronze statue of Washington, taken from Lexington. Virginia, when that place was captured by the United btates forces. Col. P. N. Lnekett and Judge Pevine have been released from i ort Jackson, and are in New Orleans. Dr. Uwm, however, still re rmains in prison. LIFE IX NEW TORE. New York Women Rkatlnar Pret ty Walter Girl Salooas-Vlee ia Silks aad Palares M oek Phllan. thropvCheajTeaement Hoases -Wsat and Miser aad Death A New York correspondent of the Chi cago Times gives the following interesting letter from that great city of wealth and poverty, fashion and crime, mock philan thropy and ostentatious pride, of luxury and woe, little virtue and great vice : A week ago, we had superior weather for "winter docks;" this week we are having splendid weather for amateur arctic explorers. Some persons profess to believe that Dr. Hall has found the north pole and Is foolhardy enough to endeavor to bring it home. At any rate, and from any eause you like, we are now enjoying (?) the c&ldest weather for many a year, and the coldest within any ken. j I have questioned the enjoyment of this weather, bjrt I did so to express my own feelings on thj subject. The natives here do seem t8. enjoy it. "Men and, women and children go out of doors with the same impunity as on former occasions; and skating and coasting appear to be as favorite sports as swimming or other summer pastimes. The women here fear nothing. The thermometer has no terror for them, either when 10 below zero, or 10 above 100 in the shade. They are alike heedless of barometerial advice, and are visible on the streets in spite of wind, rain or 6leet ; and I shouldn't be surprised if I were told that they were at home in the streets all the while the great riots of loud were raging.. As a class, I must say that New York women are the ugliest and most independent I have ever met. This last item the telegraph will not have told you, so I can ; hut yet, this is not news, and I faney that is what jou want to-day. No news but plenty of gossip, and that, by the way, is exactly what I have not to give you, unless you are willing to con sider such some facts given by the Police Commissioners. One of these statements refers to the "pretty waiter girl" system of New York bar-rooms; and from the items given, I have arrived at the rather startling calculation that there are regu larly employed 1,191 young and pretty waiter girls of undaunted reputation, en gaged in the nightly (Sandays excepted,) task ot seducing SU,UU0 visitors, gener ally strangers, by means of .their attract ive features and 200,000 mixed and plain drinks. This, be it remembered, is one night's operation in 223 establishments. The total number per annum of the seduced aggregates a little over 9.000,000 of "gay and festive young cusses and the 60,000,000 of drinks which they im bibe costs them $1,638,990 in greenbacks, besides various doctor's bills for repairs of health, &e., resulting from said ex- In telling all this the' Police Commis sioners, who are known to wink at the above, talk very much in the style of Pecksniff, and have a mock religious tone, very much in the style, though not so elegant, as that of the great Beecher on that other abuse, or, according to him, abused, the negro. Messrs.' Pecksniff, Police Commissioners, intimate that this force of " the daughters of perdition " is rapidly increasing, which speaks well for said Pecksniffian Commissioners, who are Erovided by law with the power, but not y nature with the morality, to put it down. They say the philanthropist and Christian would be pained, and even men of the world would be astonished at learn in? the class and character of the custom ers of these dissipated places, but know ing people here, who do not set np for professional philanthropists, but who hope they are Christians, are still more aston ished at the increase of places, inmates and visitors. Fifth Avenue nabobs have been making inquiries of said Pecksniffs as to the means by which these Broadway pests have invaded the sacred precincts of the aristocracy and shoddy. Two of the most fashionable resorts are in Jb mh Avenue ; nearly all the rest are on Broad wav. The Jfecksnins close up their re port with the usual excuse of delinquent officials. Xhey ask tor more law, when they don't half enforce what they have srot. . ' Alter all preachinsr ot morality ana complaining of philanthropists, what uso is there with law or anything else in an effort to suppress a species of vice that is a necessity, xne. enort win uo m viuu. Crush it in one shape, and it will appear under another. It never strikes these people to regulate such abuses. They do this thin differently in France. In fact, the French are the only people who know now to aeai witn Bucn inings. Lira is ths CHiAr LODoma or tskexkkt HOtrg ks OF KBW TORK. The Messrs. Pecksniff, Police Commis sioners, are interesting on another subject, that of misery resulting from poverty not vice. They frequently have reason to invade the abodes of the poor, the "Tenement Houses of Poverty;" and some of the facts they present are start ling. What think you of such facts as these regarding a single precinct the fraction of a ward : - " There are in the Fourth precinct 60 dens where the wretched poor resort to lodge, paying 10 to 15 cents per night for the miserable accommodations. These places .are chiefly in cellars, with naked stone or brick walls, damp and decayed floors, without beds or bedding fit for humanbeings. They are, mainly nnven tilated or lighted, except through the entrance door. In condition they are filthy and disgusting beyond description overflowine with vermin and infested by rata. In these hideous places are packed nightly an average of 10 persons to each place, or 600 in the aggregate. In viola tion of .the laws of decency and morality. 'men women .and children, white and black, with no regard to family relation sleep promiscuously together.' The occupants of these cheap lodg ings, consist of drunken wretches, male and female beggars, ragpickers of the poorer sort, sneak thieves, juvenile pimps, ragged and drunken prostitutes, men. women and children, black and white. herding indiscriminately together. They come out of these dens in the daytime to prey upon exposed property." Une ot the subordinate officers thus de scribes one or two of these lodging-houses: " JNo zo Uaxter street, two rooms, each 10 by 6, full ten feet below the street ; no windows or other ventilation ; bare stone walls; no furniture; a dirty, disgusting cave; 12 to 14 lodgers nightly, at 10 cents per night. " 1' mt floor ot same premises, a drink ing place, the resort of thieves, beggars and prostitutes of the lowest class. I have seen as lodgers 18 of both sexes asleep in the place during the night. "2io lb .Mulberry street, one room, 14 by iu, with nine beds and two beds in adjoining kitchen ; 20 persons, male and female, are lodged at six cents per night. The building is the property of an officer of one of our city banks, rents for $6 per month. a aoaarsLK stoav or cheat lodoibos. The Messrs. Pecksniff, P. C., published their report a few days auo, and two nights after, there came a fearful comment on it in the following horrible accident which befel one of the policemen in said Peck sniffian report. The story has been sup pressed, for no reason that I can learn. than that it resulted from the neglect of his lamily by one of the policemen. A night policeman of the Eight ward lived in Fifty-third street, in apartments in a tenement house, with his wife and four children, the youngest at the breast. The husband had not well provided them for the cold spell, and it came on the poor woman on Sunday night while her hus band was outf on duty, and found her un provided. On Sunday morning, the hus band had to break into his rooms. He found three of the four children in one bed together, wrapped up carefully, and sound asleep, warm and comfortable. But in the other bed sat the woman, naked and cold and stiff and stark-dead, while the infant, carefully wrapped in f It o nnlv ma!ninfr KlonlrAf Mvinn Vin cause tne stmened breast at which it was sucking gave forth no nourishment. The stiff arms of the dead woman carefully entwined the baby, which, turning, as its lather entered, greeted him with a laugh, and held out its little arms, begging to be taken from its cold imprisonment. Bear in mind that all this vice and crime, this want and wretchedness, this poverty and famine, exists among the white population of the city where live Tilton, and Cheever, and Bryant, and Greeley, and other mock philanthropists, who can serve no cause, relieve no want, sympathize with no suffering, save the negro's. . And it is a party controlled by just such -men as these who govern the country. Is it not time to have a change? Radical Impudence and Arrogance Tennessee has many staunch Unionists and worthy men among her cititens ; but she is nevertheless a pandemonium of pas sion and crime, and no more fit for self government to-day than Dahomey. She needs the strong arm of military power stretched over her for months yet ; and she must be made to leel that the power is al ways ready to be exercised. In the above, which we take from the New York Tribune, is contained the true and devilish spirit of what is mildly called Republican radicalism I In extravagance of assertion, in monstrous impudence, in unbridled lust lor power, in contempt of the rights and interests of the people, in tyrannical assumption, in cowardly cruelty, this faction has never had its equal. There is no calumny or aspersion too in famous lor it to indulge in. It shrinks from no outrage, however great or awful. The only trouble in Tennessee is that the great mass of the people are disfranchised by the acts of a few, who are backed np by the military force of the Federal Gov ernment. This trouble the New York Tribune proposes to aggravate and in crease under a plea as false as it is dis honest. What " passion and crime " there are in Tennessee is the offspring of that same party to which the New York Tribune belongs, and which it is sought fH 1 " A to engrail oy military tyranny upou iia policy. Withdraw the bayonets from Tennessee, let the people manage their own concerns, and she would iurnisn an instance of self-government that would put New England Radicalism to shame. They are willing and desirous to resume their old relations with the federal gov ernment. But this the Tribune and its party are determined shall not be. They interpose every obstacle to prevent it. They dis franchise the people. ; They refuse their Representatives their unquestioned right to seats in the National Congress. : They maintain ah army among them to humili ate and oppress, long after every vestige of the war is over when nothing remains of it but the war the destructives are wag ing against the Constitution. If there is any need of the strong arm of military power, to which the Tribune alludes, it is among-those in a different quarter, who originally, by their fanaticism, their con tempt for plighted faith, their disregard of the compact made by their anoestors, and their domineering arrogance, brought on a deradful war, and who afterward made it the pretext for overturning our Republican Government, and establishing and imperial despotism all over the land. This party is the foe of liberty 4t is the enemy of social order it is tne disturber of the public peace it is antagonism of Union whose recoileotiohs are i bloody and bitter as to entitle it to eternal repro bation. What consummate impudence in a people that have led in the crusade for the overthrow of republican freedom in America, to talk about the people of Ten nessee not being fit for self-government 1 Five hundred and eighty-five rations are issued daily to the sick and destitute freed men of Washington, DEMOCRATIC CELEBRATION IN OHIO. One of the "Institutions " of Ohio, is an open Democratic Celebration of Janu ary 8th, as General Andrew Jackson's gala day. This year it was celebrated with more than usual spirit. The toast of the day to General Jackson was re sponded to by the Hon. Allen G. TEtrr man, who, among other good things, said of General Andrew Jackson: A President who quelled nullification without shedding a drop of blood, who, by wisdom and moderation, so effectually silenced the voice of secession, that it was not again heard for nearly thirty years ; who lelt, as. his parting legacy to his countrymen, the injunction to repress all sectional feeling and love one another; who-told them. that "the Constitution cannot be maintained, nor the Union pre served, in opposition to public feeling by the mere exertion of the coercive powers confined to the General Government; that the foundations must be laid in the affections of the people, in the security it gives to life, liberty, character and prop erty m every quarter of the country, and the fraternal attachments which the citi zens of the several States bear to one another as members of one political fam ily, mutually contributing to promote the happiness of eaeh other" a President, who thus acted and thus spoke, scorned alike the mean impulses of vindictiveness, the base nromntins of a lust of nlunder. A I J AT ' i and the cruel dictates . of the spirit of i persecution. Such a man, such a Presi dent was Andrew Jackson ; and truly does the toast declare that the eircle of his affections embraced the whole Republie, and ill will toward any portion of it, he scorned and abhorred. Mr. President, the past cannot be re called. The dread carnival of blood and fire of the last four years cannot be blotted out of our history. All around us are its marks States hud waste, their industry destroyed, their most sacred rights with held, the Republic burthened beyond all example witH debt, the wrecks of the Constitution on every side, and, to crown our ills, a ferocious, unrelenting spirit in the councils of the country, that sets Constitution, wisdom, justice, liberty, humanity, all that is dear to freemen or essential to the welfare of the people, at defiance, in its unscrupulous struggles to perpetuate the power of a party. bir, this headlong current that is fast destroying the very foundations of our Government, will never be stopped until the people, rejecting the false lights by which ambition, avarice and fanaticism have misled them, shall turn away from their errors and once more tread in the footsteps of Andrew Jackson. Gen. Geo. W. Morgan, late candidate for Governor, responded to a toast about liberty, State Sovereignty, and- perpetual Union. In the course of his speech be said: - a Dcaava u' a Amvivum w f , vigm j auu State sovereignty both exist, though each is qualified. The Federal Government is sovereign to all the powers delegated; and the States are sovereign as to all the powers reserved nor can there be any collision between them, so long as eaeh keeps within its well-defined orbit. We have but one 'eonntry -composed of equal States, but all united. Inde pendent as to everything that concerns themselves united as to everything rela tive to the entire Union, and foreign na tions. But, Mr. President, to execute our mission, we must scna men to uon gress who will represent Ohio, and not Diassacnusetis. xet us ao tnis, ana tne first step will be taken toward preserving the liberty of the people, the sovereignty of the States, and the perpetuity and sovereignty of the Union. Let Uhio in dignantly rebuke the men who, while professing to represent Uhio, resolved in their caucus that, in the choice of a cer tain officer of the House, Ohio would follow the lead of New England that is, ot Massachusetts. And why, Mr. I'resi dent, should Ohio follow Massachusetts ? Is it because Ohio folloijced Massachusetts on the battle-field ? Ask. sir. our scarred heroes, whose wounds, yet unhealed, at? test their deeds, and let them respond, Ohio follow Massachusetts 1 Is it because Massachusetts conspirators inaugurated the Hartford Convention treason, and sought to dissolve the Union ? Or be cause, daring that same year, the Senate of that btate resolved that : The war with Great Britain was founded in falsehood, declared without necessity, and that its rial object was the extent of territory Vit nniust eonauest. and to aid the late tyrant ot .Europe in his aggrandizement? Is Ohio to be led by Massachusetts, be cause at the outbreak ot the war with Mexico, the legislature of that State voted against an appropriation to equip Massachusetts soldiers to fight for the Union flag f Ohio be led by Massachusetts I With the same propriety, sir, the lion should be led by the jackal, and the eagle be taught to follow the wmg of the vulture. The Rev. Dr. Pusey says i There are now places, m London, as I have frequently seen where, for generation after a generation the name of Christ has never reached, and their inhabitants had much better have been born in Calcutta than in London because the charity which sends forth Christian mis sionanea would then reach them." Captain Sargent of the Freedman's Bureau at Murfreosboro. Tenn.. has published an order requiring all colored persons to provide themselves with homes by the first of Februa ry next. , All colored fembles found without . . . . sal V- A homes and honest employment wm w seat to tne penitentiary. -. . Ttnoham Tnnnff has one hundred and oiffh fo-.fi witaii. tha eldest beincr forty-nine, and the youngest but fourteen. Twenty-eight wives he has buried. . The Montana Post says the Blackfoot In diana broka their brtta.tr two davs after l was made, and began to murder and kill the white settlors. LETTER FRO 51 SIRS. JTEFFE5S- SON DAVIS. The following letter has Been adifressedi by Mrs. Jefferson Davis to the Secretary and Agent $ the Ladies' Southern Asso ciation : Mrat Vixw, Ga., Dec. 4, 1865. , B. Clark, Etqr Becrttary and Agent L. S. A. Association: ' -Mr Dear Sir : I am in receipt of your very kind letter in the name of the La dies' Southern Aid- Association, ha vine for its object the purpose of feeing'1' me " and family ia circumetaaees some what commensurate with their estimate of" me and mine, and begging that I wiff, at my earliest convenience, designate a- place to which the means a." collected maw be conveyed, so that they may " aafir and satisfactorily " reach me. From our desolated and impoverished frends I scarcely expected such an ex pression of material sympathy, though my powers of gratitude have been almost dai- y taxed to thank those who have, who so much heart eloquence, pleaded with the President for hha who, though unsuc cessful, has given yon all he could hie best energies tnd whose only hope of uture happiness lies in the sweet trust,- often expressed, that he has not lost your" confidence and love. Ignorant of all which his own people have done for him in his painful captivity, his devotion is unabat ed." " The unfortunate have always been deserted and betrayed, but did ever ma have less to complain of when he had lost the power to serve ? The multitude are silent Why should they speak save to ll im who hears the best words most se cretly uttered? My own heart tells me the sympathy exists that the prayers ox the family hearth are not yet hushed. Be oving and confiding Btul to those iron whom I have received much more than I deserve ; far more official honors than I ever desired. Those for whose eause I suffer are not unworthy of the devotion of ail which I had to give." This is tho message of love which is sent through nriaon pates to our own ceonle. I StT our people, because both of us have been brought up with you ; one of ns was born in Mississippi, the other eame to her in infancy. These are my own people, and it is a privilege, of which ao chaBgs of circumstances can deprive me. To- tha accepted prayers of our widows and oiv phans, our cuffenng but heroic women, our brave and true men, our innocent lit tle children, I loook for the restoration OX . . . -a wa m . a a .. my little children ot tneir agonises nas Chris tain father. If a merciful Provi dence so ordain it, we hope to live and di? among you, mutually consoling and bear ing each other s burdens. , yvewoaMno have our dear friends betrayed hf their sympathy in offering, for en? ase, too Brooby rom their own " basket and store " X and mine hare so far ben Kuracmbnalj cared for and shielded front want. We seem ever environed by the lore which ia refleeted upon ns from that which lighted ray husband in his dungeon softened hi prison walls with sunny pictures ox loving eyes and outstretched arms. Grief and gratitude seems to impose up- on me silence. I would, but cannot saw more. I will inclose in this note tha names and directions of gentlemen to whom the contributions of which 'jots speak may be inclosed. And instead f the eloquent voice which so ofter has poured forth his love to his dear pes;, now mute. I offer a wife's and mother's. and a countrywoman's gratitude to yea and those you represent. 1 have the honor to be, very grateft&iv and sincerely, yours, Yajuka Davis. ; Mrs. Miriam Meridith, a Catholic devote and philanthropist, died at St. Loma Jsa 22d. In her youth she married, but on warr ing the church the bridegroom mysterieasfy disappeared, and was never heard of aiW wards. For weeks, months and years e&e watched and waited for the return of her idol, but he never come. She then withdrew frea the gaieties of the world and devoted herself to charitable work. The Hartford Tiines aavs that a netittea is in circulation, asked the Legislature of Coa- necticut to enact a,law providing that all civil officers in the State shall take an oath not to use intoxicating liquors as a beverage, while they remain xn office. " A mmn in TTaTnaViIlT9. for the BmtMaeaf playing a practical joke on a neighbor, told her that her (the neighbor's) husband had been killed on the railroad. Upon hearing the statement the lady fainted, and died treat the shock - ' TK Ct tVih i a TlAnnrilifiin loam that Patv- tain Price, a son of Qeneral Sterling Price, has returned to Missouri for the parpoM of escorting the remaining members of the nsv ily to Mexico. They will go to Cordova, ths seat of the Southern colony. . f A queer case ia on trial in LTamsoa eoaa , Illinois. A man was recently saei for. e value of three bibles, parchased ia 18S2. The defendant plead a want of eoaaideratiea, and proposes to prove that the bibles have done him no good. , -.-n ... John Ilanlej, who recently murdered his sister at Connors Creek, Michigan, tore her heart out and dashed it in her face. Waea he was brought before the court there threats to lynch him by the exdtednopulaos. Mrs. L. 0. Swell, wife of the former Con. federate General, has proposed to sell to tha State, for a Governor's residence, her ne house and grounds opposite the eapifesl ia Nashville, Tenn. She asks $100,003. BcSyjwho vr1 servweTtEsfX, a long time in command of the district 4 South Mississippi and ast TBuiana, ha become a banker in Cincinnati. Mrs. L. B. Nelson of Rockfort, Iowa, recently poisoned her child, and eloped wfei J. E. Welch, (choolmastor. She was a woman of great beauty, which proved hsr ruin. ; en. Basil Duke is writing a biography off Gen. John Morgan. , Gen. Daks is Lis brother-in-law, and was -his devoted feks4 and comrade in arms. A girl of 15 is on trial at Boston for tl w a . -t a my. tier nrst cue Dana, marnea as tt i ture age of 14, is ia the ptate's pnsoa. '