The state rights democrat. (Albany, Or.) 1865-1900, March 10, 1866, Image 1

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Vol. if
NO. 31,
C" "the One Etory CaSiiaj' ea the
tmt runahur from tha raw by tie
Casit Hanse, East side, T Bleaks
". f theLSaia Easiness ttmt
. . TERMS: :
Cne Copy fbr OaiTn1 . - M
tae Copy far six SXentfes - - - $3
Parroect to be made in kdrmnn in erery
Tka Pp will not b tent to any address
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ttrierei & paid for. if rfrprrfw ifj & naiic
term any iaftec
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cription will expire, and anless an order for it
enliaE" accompanied with the' money, be
SJTa taa Paper will be disoontiaaed to that
aiilrwa, . : . - : .
fBCsi stare, ef Ttralre Lisea, or '
Xis, Caa Xasertisa... - $3
12 Eaisesent Insertion - 1
" A Z!nl redaction from these
ra.t t Cjaarterir, Half Yaaxty aad
.any ertisers, aud a pan all Laagtay
rsvesiat ariU fee atit.
Cerrespoadent writing erer usnmed tinatnree
f aaoDTicoaslT, sast nuke known their proper
name to the Editor, or no attention will be given
t their eontmanirationj.
' A3 Letters lad Cotaa onicatiocs, whether on
nisess or for pabUcatioa, shonld be addressed to
d!oav't.-- - J
9. a. cauroK.
XTO. ft, XXLJt.
cxiAiron &- hhimU,
Will practice la the Soperier and Inferior
Conrts of Ore job.
CTFICS at his residence, oce mu6 &om Albauy.
Febraary 17, 1SS5. - . ' -- -
artievlar Attention given to Zasd
-s regoa City, Oga., Dee. SfS, 186S.
.... A, F. WSSELEB,
: AlSsaay,. Oregon." " '
-If wriling and teklng acknovtedgmeats of
Veaas k vr and Fowert of Attorney. Also,
"" ' ta.Jy-ji..4aaayta., t
t I I ICS la the Jtew Conrt Hoaso.
Albaay, Jaaaary it, 1866.
C V.: CI1AY,
su itcEp n b E IMTI ST,
ir..:, i.ta !d9&U of tha y-
Casein oati College of .
onld afi Cjer his Frofessioaal err ices to ft
eittxeai of this plaee aad carronnding eonntry.
, rOi?rKa t"? stain 'a Foster's Brick Btuldiag.
' jesideaee aloamde of the Pacific HoteL
Aiaay, Aagaat Uih, ISSi. aagl4tf
'.TZa TrXAClT 4 COo,
:l9 t::T,:itca TEas, etc.
- -. . I Z h i '-A ; gOl.. ;- ; - . ;
OFFICE yS' Frcnt street, first doer
Portland, Dee. 9,1855. " : ' - ' " '
- St.
' Tz Commercial and
i'. - iC -!j brokers,
cm.--n.r Ustt, rrcrt Street
. j-j'-t, rc X0, 1845.
VJ Aa hwm1 as.
w at ia. V- . ..J
-rr34' 1 3 rcc;:.t Street, : iPertlantl.
(c? ea T2.i.rc::co, California,)
: -e ni la ptpoa to tita
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Alii to C E ... sasat Aooats with the ,
fTATt. v,;--t;vi7 O FCSTCFFiCE
H r""y : ;::.vj, l ::d patent cffice.
. f ottscV i to, c. '.lain vifgrmatiea from time to
" time, i. i. -
ax', . - :n rrzra etictt,
a - -rTTC?T CITY, D, C. aa2S
ri3 sas rsAS-
I ; ALSO :
.vJ-..,,i(fEp vhkk we ara Mlliag
... ''m ' ; ' nraczOT co.
A,mj, E. ; 'xL,; S9, 1SS3, - -
The Powers rthe Federal Const!
tntlea aad ike Bights of States.
The subjoined remarks made bj the
Hon. George H. Pendleton, of Ohio, at
trie celebration on the 8th of January,, at
Columbus, like all said bj that distin
guished gentleman, are full of sound doc
trine and good sense. They are in re
sponse to the toast, "The Constitution :M
Mr. Presidest: You ask me to speak
to a sentiment in honor of the Constitu
tion. I know the views and hopes and
aspirations and efforts of these gentlemen,
but if I should look out into the country
beyond the limits of this halL beyond
iuo circie oi opinions wmcn we nave
heard to-night, I should scarcely know
whether I ought toeak of it in ad
miring praise, as an existing, acuve, em
cient beneficence, er use the terms of sad
eulogy, fitted for tie side of a new made
re, wherein lies prostrate a lifeless
form slain 'by . the - hands of pretended
friends But, thank God ! the principles
of the Constitution can never die ! It
may be neglected and violated j its appli
cation may be suspended ; Presidents and
Congressmen may prove faithless to it ;
the people may become degenerate and
unable or unwilling to maintain it as their
organic law; yet its principles, embodied
in written forms, shall remain for the use
ot ail good men nereatier, illustrated by
the history of seventy years, during which
time these States enjoyed " domestic tran
quility," .aud their people enjoyed " the
blessings of liberty . Like the words of I
the Almighty, they shall not return void
Lake toe tain test sound, whose utterances
cause the oscillation of the atmosphere to
the utmost limits oi space and affects its
action and position in all time, so these
principles, once having been in action,
shall, with their influences, reach the
nations throughout the ages.
What gave novelty and value to the
Federal Constitution? It was not the
guarantees of personal, liberty, nor yet
the prohibitions of invasion of individual
rights. These had been declared with
equal clearness and vigor five centuries
before in the Great Charter at Runny
mede, and transmitted from " sire to
son:" they had been engrafted upon the
Colonial Governments, and were the re
cognized monument of American liberty.
It was the nice adjustment of the rela
tions of the 5tte and Federal Govern
ments, by which they both became co
ordinate and essential parts of one har
monious system. It was the nice adjust
ment of the pwera of the State and
Federal Governments, by which was left
1 do not say giTen to the States the
exclusive guardianship of their domestic
affairs, and of the interests of their citi-
iehs,and was granted :is the Federal
Government the exclusive control of their
international and inter-State relations. .
It was the parsimonious economy of the
powers of the States with which the Fed
erai government was enaowea. it was
the paucity of subjects and of powers,
withdrawn from the States, and committed
to the Federal Government. It was the
fewness of ends to be attained and of
means wherewith to attain them, intrusted
to the Federal Government. It was the
recognition of the idea of Confederation
the appreciation of the valoe of local
self-government. It was the recognition
that the States were the creators ' and
their powers were inherent, and that the
Federal Government was the creature and
its powers were delegated. It was the
definition of Federal authority and of
State rights contained in those clauses of
the Constitution which declare that the
Constitution and. the laws passed in pur
suance thereof are supreme, and that all
powers not delegated to Congress, nor
prohibited to the States, by the Constitu
tion mark the words are reserved.
It was this which made Union possible
by reconcilling Union with liberty, which
endued the Government with all needful
vigor, and invested it with all the powers
necessary for either peace or war, without
committing it to either the interests of
communities or the rights of individuals
This spirit animated those who held
authority for a quarter of a century after
we seenna -administration, ana witn rare
exceptions, until lately, have held it ever
since. And just in proportion as the
Federal Government has been held strictly
to this idea of its original formation, has
it secured " domestic tranquility and the
blessings of liberty.
It must be so.." Reason and history
alike not only , the history of our own
brief life, but also the history of dead aud
living empires, teach us that consolidation
is despotism -that Confederation is the
only iiope of liberty, v :
I he tendency of our day is toward
consolidation, and there is from this ten
dency more danger to the Constitution, to
the cause of republican government, to
the territorial unity of the states, than
from all the ordinances of secession, or
from all the armed hosts of the Confed
erates. -1 believe there is more danger in
the single proposition, broached jiot long
trT . . 1 1 . A .1 i
since in wasmngton, . ana more i&ieiy m
this, city, that the Southern States shall
be denied representation, nay, that their
very Statehood shall be denied them until
they shall assent to ehanges in the Con
stitution, than from all other causes to-
Congress has been in session scarcely
ten days, and we have already proposi.
tio&s so to amend the Constitution, as to
deprive the States of the power to define
the' qualifications of electors to regulate
representation oy the number of voters,
and not cf populations to declare what
obligations assumed by the States shall
be Binding on them, and what shall be
the purposes of their taxation. And as
if ULese changes ia the organie law were
not ao&cient, we have laws proposed to
define and protect the status of the in
habitants of the several States o define
and punish crimes, which are exclusively
of State cognizance W give to rauioaus.
built wholly within State limits, powers
which their charters have expressly de
nied to them, and to deprive insurance
companies of the rights which the States
have assured to them.
As if legislative action were too slow, or
too regular, we have Federal officers the
subordinates of the President some im
peding the action of the State courts, not
only by refusing to obey write which they
pretended were suspended, but by rescu
ing criminals from their custody and lib
erating prisoners under their indictment;
others freedmen's-bureau-men estab
lishing and enforcing entirely without
authority of law rules for the business
intercourse of white men and negroes
making, breaking or establishing con
tracts for them and even assuming to
declare what persons the owners shall be
compelled to entertain on their farms,
under the penalties of confiscation. Sure
ly, if our fellow-citizens of New England
must convert this Government into a
great eleemosynary institution if they
must deprive four millions of: people of
their homes to satisfy their craving to
make these people the " wards of the na
tion they ought ashamed of the
niggardliness which seeks to support them
at other people's expense, and to quarter
them upon those who have been deprived
of their services.
And far above all these agencies, en
tering overy State and county and town
ship and family touching every interest,
commercial, mechanical and agricultural
seeking every avenue of trade, every
branch of industry, every profession and
occupation holding in their grasp every
man and woman and child, whether they
labor for bread in the factory or at the
plow, or for amusement at counting their
income; permeating every artery and
vein, tracing every nerve and sinew and
fibre of the body politic, and subjugating
every influence to their domination, are
the systems of Federal finance and taxa
tion. This new programme is not the svstem
of the Government. It is not the system
of the Constitution. It is the centralize-
fion of all Governmental forces, of the
supervision of all social interests at one
point. These thus concentrated cannot
be efficiently exercised unless by the in
spiration of one heart under the direction
of one head, with the vigor of one will,
backed by the powers of many men, ac
customed by the rigors of discipline or by
the hopes of reward to obey blindly one
master. These conditions are incompati
ble with republican government nay,
they are the very essence and definition
of despotism.
Gentlemen, we have a grave duty to
perform. This is the time to assert true
principles. Physical force has accom
plished its work. Legislative and Ad
ministrative action are at their task. Both
have pissed beyond their limits. Both
liave usurped powers under the pretense
of necessity, and now claim them as of
right. Both are directed with vigor but
often without authority or reason. Both
should be made to renounce their preten
sions before we yield them commendation
The rendition of war, and the results of
our vrar, both conduce to aid the progress
of this consolidation. They have accus
tomed the mind to the exhibition of, and
obedience to, the assumption of Federal
Let us see to it that we be, at least,
blameless. Let us by voice and vote by
precept and by practice each one in his
sphere resist this perversion of this sys
tem of government. -Let us hold last to
the Constitution; let us hold fast to the
doctrine of State Rights. It is the es
sential life of the Constitution. It is
derided and despised now. It has been
the glory of our polity it will be its
salvation. Let us guard it as of old the
vestal fires were guarded. Let us guard
it as of old the ark of the covenant was
guarded, against whose pollution by pro
fane touch the dread penalties of the
Almighty were thundered.
lias Scan att Bekx Arrested? The
Nashville f Term 1 Dianatch ia resnonsiblc for
the following : We have been furnished with
this statement, the writer of which says he
has the best reasons to believe in the relia
bility of what is here affirmed :
John burratt was arrested in Texas, at
tempting to make his way into Mexico, dur
ing the month of J une, lsbo. lie was placed
in charge of a Cant. Smith and three pri
vates, of the Fourth United States Artillery.
Tr a mrlPAtriATlta ftf atA-- wtaha oIab nml
jku? auuf vutvuw uv oivj w a 3 oawvvaaaia
every effort was made to keep identity or the
. f . i fry
prisoner a secret, un arriving at xerra
Haute, Indiana, the party were compelled to
lay over, on account of a break on the Terra
Haute and Richmond Railroad, and for two
days occupied , rooms at the Terra Haute
House, lief ore arriving at Washington, per
haps at the Relay House, Surratt was recog
nized by acquaintances (for which see dis
patches from Washington and .Baltimore,
about July 20, 1865). Since reaching Wash
ington nothing has been heard of Surratt.
One hundred thousand dollars was to paid
for his capture.
A Fiweia ix a Sausage. Yesterday a
nartford gentleman, albeif stroneof stomach
and hearty of appetite, met with his match
in eatin? a boloema. It was a wholesale es
tablishment on State street, where a few
friends had gathered to have a glass of ale
and a bite of luncheon by themselves. Ihe
gentleman referred to eat his bologna with
relish, till he found something in his mouth
which seemed not to have chopped up as fine
as it should be. Taking itout,ne discovered
to his horror and disgust that it was the
end of a man's finger I It was a fact. There
it was 1 How it came there was a greater
mystery than the presence last week of the
negroe's finger under Senator Sumner's door.
The hungry gentleman, after abrupt ending
of his meal, and enndry ineffectual efforts to
vomit, went home and took an emetic -
Hartford Times.
The House of Delegated of West Virginia
have unanimously adopted a resolution re
turning to the State of Virginia the bronze
statue of Washington, taken from Lexington.
Virginia, when that place was captured by
the United btates forces.
Col. P. N. Lnekett and Judge Pevine have
been released from i ort Jackson, and are in
New Orleans. Dr. Uwm, however, still re
rmains in prison.
New York Women Rkatlnar Pret
ty Walter Girl Salooas-Vlee ia
Silks aad Palares M oek Phllan.
thropvCheajTeaement Hoases
-Wsat and Miser aad Death
A New York correspondent of the Chi
cago Times gives the following interesting
letter from that great city of wealth and
poverty, fashion and crime, mock philan
thropy and ostentatious pride, of luxury
and woe, little virtue and great vice :
A week ago, we had superior weather
for "winter docks;" this week we are
having splendid weather for amateur
arctic explorers. Some persons profess
to believe that Dr. Hall has found the
north pole and Is foolhardy enough to
endeavor to bring it home. At any rate,
and from any eause you like, we are now
enjoying (?) the c&ldest weather for many
a year, and the coldest within any ken. j
I have questioned the enjoyment of
this weather, bjrt I did so to express my
own feelings on thj subject. The natives
here do seem t8. enjoy it. "Men and,
women and children go out of doors with
the same impunity as on former occasions;
and skating and coasting appear to be as
favorite sports as swimming or other
summer pastimes. The women here fear
nothing. The thermometer has no terror
for them, either when 10 below zero, or
10 above 100 in the shade. They are
alike heedless of barometerial advice, and
are visible on the streets in spite of wind,
rain or 6leet ; and I shouldn't be surprised
if I were told that they were at home in
the streets all the while the great riots of
loud were raging.. As a class, I must say
that New York women are the ugliest and
most independent I have ever met. This
last item the telegraph will not have told
you, so I can ; hut yet, this is not news,
and I faney that is what jou want to-day.
No news but plenty of gossip, and that,
by the way, is exactly what I have not to
give you, unless you are willing to con
sider such some facts given by the Police
Commissioners. One of these statements
refers to the "pretty waiter girl" system
of New York bar-rooms; and from the
items given, I have arrived at the rather
startling calculation that there are regu
larly employed 1,191 young and pretty
waiter girls of undaunted reputation, en
gaged in the nightly (Sandays excepted,)
task ot seducing SU,UU0 visitors, gener
ally strangers, by means of .their attract
ive features and 200,000 mixed and plain
drinks. This, be it remembered, is one
night's operation in 223 establishments.
The total number per annum of the
seduced aggregates a little over 9.000,000
of "gay and festive young cusses and
the 60,000,000 of drinks which they im
bibe costs them $1,638,990 in greenbacks,
besides various doctor's bills for repairs
of health, &e., resulting from said ex-
In telling all this the' Police Commis
sioners, who are known to wink at the
above, talk very much in the style of
Pecksniff, and have a mock religious tone,
very much in the style, though not so
elegant, as that of the great Beecher on
that other abuse, or, according to him,
abused, the negro. Messrs.' Pecksniff,
Police Commissioners, intimate that this
force of " the daughters of perdition " is
rapidly increasing, which speaks well for
said Pecksniffian Commissioners, who are
Erovided by law with the power, but not
y nature with the morality, to put it
down. They say the philanthropist and
Christian would be pained, and even men
of the world would be astonished at learn
in? the class and character of the custom
ers of these dissipated places, but know
ing people here, who do not set np for
professional philanthropists, but who hope
they are Christians, are still more aston
ished at the increase of places, inmates
and visitors. Fifth Avenue nabobs have
been making inquiries of said Pecksniffs
as to the means by which these Broadway
pests have invaded the sacred precincts
of the aristocracy and shoddy. Two of
the most fashionable resorts are in Jb mh
Avenue ; nearly all the rest are on Broad
wav. The Jfecksnins close up their re
port with the usual excuse of delinquent
officials. Xhey ask tor more law, when
they don't half enforce what they have
srot. . '
Alter all preachinsr ot morality ana
complaining of philanthropists, what uso
is there with law or anything else in an
effort to suppress a species of vice that is
a necessity, xne. enort win uo m viuu.
Crush it in one shape, and it will appear
under another. It never strikes these
people to regulate such abuses. They do
this thin differently in France. In fact,
the French are the only people who know
now to aeai witn Bucn inings.
Lira is ths CHiAr LODoma or tskexkkt HOtrg ks
The Messrs. Pecksniff, Police Commis
sioners, are interesting on another subject,
that of misery resulting from poverty
not vice. They frequently have reason
to invade the abodes of the poor, the
"Tenement Houses of Poverty;" and
some of the facts they present are start
ling. What think you of such facts as
these regarding a single precinct the
fraction of a ward :
- " There are in the Fourth precinct 60
dens where the wretched poor resort to
lodge, paying 10 to 15 cents per night for
the miserable accommodations. These
places .are chiefly in cellars, with naked
stone or brick walls, damp and decayed
floors, without beds or bedding fit for
humanbeings. They are, mainly nnven
tilated or lighted, except through the
entrance door. In condition they are
filthy and disgusting beyond description
overflowine with vermin and infested by
rata. In these hideous places are packed
nightly an average of 10 persons to each
place, or 600 in the aggregate. In viola
tion of .the laws of decency and morality.
'men women .and children, white and
black, with no regard to family relation
sleep promiscuously together.'
The occupants of these cheap lodg
ings, consist of drunken wretches, male
and female beggars, ragpickers of the
poorer sort, sneak thieves, juvenile pimps,
ragged and drunken prostitutes, men.
women and children, black and white.
herding indiscriminately together. They
come out of these dens in the daytime to
prey upon exposed property."
Une ot the subordinate officers thus de
scribes one or two of these lodging-houses:
" JNo zo Uaxter street, two rooms, each
10 by 6, full ten feet below the street ; no
windows or other ventilation ; bare stone
walls; no furniture; a dirty, disgusting
cave; 12 to 14 lodgers nightly, at 10 cents
per night.
" 1' mt floor ot same premises, a drink
ing place, the resort of thieves, beggars
and prostitutes of the lowest class. I
have seen as lodgers 18 of both sexes
asleep in the place during the night.
"2io lb .Mulberry street, one room, 14
by iu, with nine beds and two beds in
adjoining kitchen ; 20 persons, male and
female, are lodged at six cents per night.
The building is the property of an officer
of one of our city banks, rents for $6 per
a aoaarsLK stoav or cheat lodoibos.
The Messrs. Pecksniff, P. C., published
their report a few days auo, and two nights
after, there came a fearful comment on it
in the following horrible accident which
befel one of the policemen in said Peck
sniffian report. The story has been sup
pressed, for no reason that I can learn.
than that it resulted from the neglect of
his lamily by one of the policemen. A
night policeman of the Eight ward lived
in Fifty-third street, in apartments in a
tenement house, with his wife and four
children, the youngest at the breast.
The husband had not well provided them
for the cold spell, and it came on the poor
woman on Sunday night while her hus
band was outf on duty, and found her un
provided. On Sunday morning, the hus
band had to break into his rooms. He
found three of the four children in one
bed together, wrapped up carefully, and
sound asleep, warm and comfortable.
But in the other bed sat the woman,
naked and cold and stiff and stark-dead,
while the infant, carefully wrapped in
f It o nnlv ma!ninfr KlonlrAf Mvinn Vin
cause tne stmened breast at which it was
sucking gave forth no nourishment. The
stiff arms of the dead woman carefully
entwined the baby, which, turning, as its
lather entered, greeted him with a laugh,
and held out its little arms, begging to be
taken from its cold imprisonment.
Bear in mind that all this vice and
crime, this want and wretchedness, this
poverty and famine, exists among the
white population of the city where live
Tilton, and Cheever, and Bryant, and
Greeley, and other mock philanthropists,
who can serve no cause, relieve no want,
sympathize with no suffering, save the
negro's. . And it is a party controlled by
just such -men as these who govern the
country. Is it not time to have a change?
Radical Impudence and Arrogance
Tennessee has many staunch Unionists
and worthy men among her cititens ; but
she is nevertheless a pandemonium of pas
sion and crime, and no more fit for self
government to-day than Dahomey. She
needs the strong arm of military power
stretched over her for months yet ; and she
must be made to leel that the power is al
ways ready to be exercised.
In the above, which we take from the
New York Tribune, is contained the true
and devilish spirit of what is mildly called
Republican radicalism I In extravagance
of assertion, in monstrous impudence, in
unbridled lust lor power, in contempt of
the rights and interests of the people, in
tyrannical assumption, in cowardly cruelty,
this faction has never had its equal.
There is no calumny or aspersion too in
famous lor it to indulge in. It shrinks
from no outrage, however great or awful.
The only trouble in Tennessee is that the
great mass of the people are disfranchised
by the acts of a few, who are backed np
by the military force of the Federal Gov
ernment. This trouble the New York
Tribune proposes to aggravate and in
crease under a plea as false as it is dis
honest. What " passion and crime "
there are in Tennessee is the offspring of
that same party to which the New York
Tribune belongs, and which it is sought
fH 1 " A
to engrail oy military tyranny upou iia
policy. Withdraw the bayonets from
Tennessee, let the people manage their
own concerns, and she would iurnisn an
instance of self-government that would
put New England Radicalism to shame.
They are willing and desirous to resume
their old relations with the federal gov
But this the Tribune and its party are
determined shall not be. They interpose
every obstacle to prevent it. They dis
franchise the people. ; They refuse their
Representatives their unquestioned right
to seats in the National Congress. : They
maintain ah army among them to humili
ate and oppress, long after every vestige
of the war is over when nothing remains
of it but the war the destructives are wag
ing against the Constitution. If there is
any need of the strong arm of military
power, to which the Tribune alludes, it is
among-those in a different quarter, who
originally, by their fanaticism, their con
tempt for plighted faith, their disregard
of the compact made by their anoestors,
and their domineering arrogance, brought
on a deradful war, and who afterward
made it the pretext for overturning our
Republican Government, and establishing
and imperial despotism all over the land.
This party is the foe of liberty 4t is the
enemy of social order it is tne disturber
of the public peace it is antagonism of
Union whose recoileotiohs are i bloody
and bitter as to entitle it to eternal repro
bation. What consummate impudence in
a people that have led in the crusade for
the overthrow of republican freedom in
America, to talk about the people of Ten
nessee not being fit for self-government 1
Five hundred and eighty-five rations are
issued daily to the sick and destitute freed
men of Washington,
One of the "Institutions " of Ohio, is
an open Democratic Celebration of Janu
ary 8th, as General Andrew Jackson's
gala day. This year it was celebrated
with more than usual spirit. The toast
of the day to General Jackson was re
sponded to by the Hon. Allen G. TEtrr
man, who, among other good things, said
of General Andrew Jackson:
A President who quelled nullification
without shedding a drop of blood, who,
by wisdom and moderation, so effectually
silenced the voice of secession, that it
was not again heard for nearly thirty
years ; who lelt, as. his parting legacy to
his countrymen, the injunction to repress
all sectional feeling and love one another;
who-told them. that "the Constitution
cannot be maintained, nor the Union pre
served, in opposition to public feeling by
the mere exertion of the coercive powers
confined to the General Government;
that the foundations must be laid in the
affections of the people, in the security it
gives to life, liberty, character and prop
erty m every quarter of the country, and
the fraternal attachments which the citi
zens of the several States bear to one
another as members of one political fam
ily, mutually contributing to promote the
happiness of eaeh other" a President,
who thus acted and thus spoke, scorned
alike the mean impulses of vindictiveness,
the base nromntins of a lust of nlunder.
A I J AT ' i
and the cruel dictates . of the spirit of i
persecution. Such a man, such a Presi
dent was Andrew Jackson ; and truly does
the toast declare that the eircle of his
affections embraced the whole Republie,
and ill will toward any portion of it, he
scorned and abhorred.
Mr. President, the past cannot be re
called. The dread carnival of blood and
fire of the last four years cannot be blotted
out of our history. All around us are its
marks States hud waste, their industry
destroyed, their most sacred rights with
held, the Republic burthened beyond all
example witH debt, the wrecks of the
Constitution on every side, and, to crown
our ills, a ferocious, unrelenting spirit in
the councils of the country, that sets
Constitution, wisdom, justice, liberty,
humanity, all that is dear to freemen or
essential to the welfare of the people, at
defiance, in its unscrupulous struggles to
perpetuate the power of a party.
bir, this headlong current that is fast
destroying the very foundations of our
Government, will never be stopped until
the people, rejecting the false lights by
which ambition, avarice and fanaticism
have misled them, shall turn away from
their errors and once more tread in the
footsteps of Andrew Jackson.
Gen. Geo. W. Morgan, late candidate
for Governor, responded to a toast about
liberty, State Sovereignty, and- perpetual
Union. In the course of his speech be
- a Dcaava u' a Amvivum w f , vigm j auu
State sovereignty both exist, though each
is qualified. The Federal Government is
sovereign to all the powers delegated;
and the States are sovereign as to all the
powers reserved nor can there be any
collision between them, so long as eaeh
keeps within its well-defined orbit.
We have but one 'eonntry -composed
of equal States, but all united. Inde
pendent as to everything that concerns
themselves united as to everything rela
tive to the entire Union, and foreign na
tions. But, Mr. President, to execute
our mission, we must scna men to uon
gress who will represent Ohio, and not
Diassacnusetis. xet us ao tnis, ana tne
first step will be taken toward preserving
the liberty of the people, the sovereignty
of the States, and the perpetuity and
sovereignty of the Union. Let Uhio in
dignantly rebuke the men who, while
professing to represent Uhio, resolved in
their caucus that, in the choice of a cer
tain officer of the House, Ohio would
follow the lead of New England that is,
ot Massachusetts. And why, Mr. I'resi
dent, should Ohio follow Massachusetts ?
Is it because Ohio folloijced Massachusetts
on the battle-field ? Ask. sir. our scarred
heroes, whose wounds, yet unhealed, at?
test their deeds, and let them respond,
Ohio follow Massachusetts 1 Is it because
Massachusetts conspirators inaugurated
the Hartford Convention treason, and
sought to dissolve the Union ? Or be
cause, daring that same year, the Senate
of that btate resolved that :
The war with Great Britain was founded
in falsehood, declared without necessity, and
that its rial object was the extent of territory
Vit nniust eonauest. and to aid the late tyrant
ot .Europe in his aggrandizement?
Is Ohio to be led by Massachusetts, be
cause at the outbreak ot the war with
Mexico, the legislature of that State
voted against an appropriation to equip
Massachusetts soldiers to fight for the
Union flag f
Ohio be led by Massachusetts I With
the same propriety, sir, the lion should be
led by the jackal, and the eagle be taught
to follow the wmg of the vulture.
The Rev. Dr. Pusey says i There are now
places, m London, as I have frequently seen
where, for generation after a generation
the name of Christ has never reached, and
their inhabitants had much better have been
born in Calcutta than in London because
the charity which sends forth Christian mis
sionanea would then reach them."
Captain Sargent of the Freedman's Bureau
at Murfreosboro. Tenn.. has published an
order requiring all colored persons to provide
themselves with homes by the first of Februa
ry next. , All colored fembles found without
. . . . sal V- A
homes and honest employment wm w seat
to tne penitentiary. -.
. Ttnoham Tnnnff has one hundred and oiffh witaii. tha eldest beincr forty-nine, and
the youngest but fourteen. Twenty-eight
wives he has buried.
. The Montana Post says the Blackfoot In
diana broka their two davs after l
was made, and began to murder and kill the
white settlors.
The following letter has Been adifressedi
by Mrs. Jefferson Davis to the Secretary
and Agent $ the Ladies' Southern Asso
ciation :
Mrat Vixw, Ga., Dec. 4, 1865.
, B. Clark, Etqr Becrttary and Agent
L. S. A. Association: ' -Mr
Dear Sir : I am in receipt of your
very kind letter in the name of the La
dies' Southern Aid- Association, ha vine
for its object the purpose of feeing'1'
me " and family ia circumetaaees some
what commensurate with their estimate
of" me and mine, and begging that I wiff,
at my earliest convenience, designate a-
place to which the means a." collected maw
be conveyed, so that they may " aafir
and satisfactorily " reach me.
From our desolated and impoverished
frends I scarcely expected such an ex
pression of material sympathy, though my
powers of gratitude have been almost dai-
y taxed to thank those who have, who
so much heart eloquence, pleaded with
the President for hha who, though unsuc
cessful, has given yon all he could hie
best energies tnd whose only hope of
uture happiness lies in the sweet trust,-
often expressed, that he has not lost your"
confidence and love. Ignorant of all which
his own people have done for him in his
painful captivity, his devotion is unabat
ed." " The unfortunate have always been
deserted and betrayed, but did ever ma
have less to complain of when he had lost
the power to serve ? The multitude are
silent Why should they speak save to
ll im who hears the best words most se
cretly uttered? My own heart tells me
the sympathy exists that the prayers ox
the family hearth are not yet hushed. Be
oving and confiding Btul to those iron
whom I have received much more than I
deserve ; far more official honors than I
ever desired. Those for whose eause I
suffer are not unworthy of the devotion of
ail which I had to give." This is tho
message of love which is sent through
nriaon pates to our own ceonle. I StT
our people, because both of us have been
brought up with you ; one of ns was born
in Mississippi, the other eame to her in
infancy. These are my own people, and
it is a privilege, of which ao chaBgs of
circumstances can deprive me. To- tha
accepted prayers of our widows and oiv
phans, our cuffenng but heroic women,
our brave and true men, our innocent lit
tle children, I loook for the restoration OX
. . . -a wa m . a a ..
my little children ot tneir agonises nas
Chris tain father. If a merciful Provi
dence so ordain it, we hope to live and di?
among you, mutually consoling and bear
ing each other s burdens. , yvewoaMno
have our dear friends betrayed hf their
sympathy in offering, for en? ase, too Brooby
rom their own " basket and store " X
and mine hare so far ben Kuracmbnalj
cared for and shielded front want. We
seem ever environed by the lore which ia
refleeted upon ns from that which lighted
ray husband in his dungeon softened hi
prison walls with sunny pictures ox loving
eyes and outstretched arms.
Grief and gratitude seems to impose up-
on me silence. I would, but cannot saw
more. I will inclose in this note tha
names and directions of gentlemen to
whom the contributions of which 'jots
speak may be inclosed. And instead f
the eloquent voice which so ofter has
poured forth his love to his dear pes;,
now mute. I offer a wife's and mother's.
and a countrywoman's gratitude to yea
and those you represent.
1 have the honor to be, very grateft&iv
and sincerely, yours, Yajuka Davis. ;
Mrs. Miriam Meridith, a Catholic devote
and philanthropist, died at St. Loma Jsa
22d. In her youth she married, but on warr
ing the church the bridegroom mysterieasfy
disappeared, and was never heard of aiW
wards. For weeks, months and years e&e
watched and waited for the return of her idol,
but he never come. She then withdrew frea
the gaieties of the world and devoted herself
to charitable work.
The Hartford Tiines aavs that a netittea is
in circulation, asked the Legislature of Coa-
necticut to enact a,law providing that all civil
officers in the State shall take an oath not to
use intoxicating liquors as a beverage, while
they remain xn office. "
A mmn in TTaTnaViIlT9. for the BmtMaeaf
playing a practical joke on a neighbor, told
her that her (the neighbor's) husband had
been killed on the railroad. Upon hearing
the statement the lady fainted, and died treat
the shock - '
TK Ct tVih i a TlAnnrilifiin loam that Patv-
tain Price, a son of Qeneral Sterling Price,
has returned to Missouri for the parpoM of
escorting the remaining members of the nsv
ily to Mexico. They will go to Cordova, ths
seat of the Southern colony. . f
A queer case ia on trial in LTamsoa eoaa
, Illinois. A man was recently saei for.
e value of three bibles, parchased ia 18S2.
The defendant plead a want of eoaaideratiea,
and proposes to prove that the bibles have
done him no good. , -.-n ...
John Ilanlej, who recently murdered his
sister at Connors Creek, Michigan, tore her
heart out and dashed it in her face. Waea
he was brought before the court there
threats to lynch him by the exdtednopulaos.
Mrs. L. 0. Swell, wife of the former Con.
federate General, has proposed to sell to tha
State, for a Governor's residence, her ne
house and grounds opposite the eapifesl ia
Nashville, Tenn. She asks $100,003.
BcSyjwho vr1
a long time in command of the district 4
South Mississippi and ast TBuiana, ha
become a banker in Cincinnati.
Mrs. L. B. Nelson of Rockfort, Iowa,
recently poisoned her child, and eloped wfei
J. E. Welch, (choolmastor. She was a
woman of great beauty, which proved hsr
; en. Basil Duke is writing a biography off
Gen. John Morgan. , Gen. Daks is Lis
brother-in-law, and was -his devoted feks4
and comrade in arms.
A girl of 15 is on trial at Boston for tl
w a . -t a
my. tier nrst cue Dana, marnea as tt i
ture age of 14, is ia the ptate's pnsoa.