0 r t r f VOL. 1. ALBANY, LINN COUNTY, OREGON, SATURDAY, DECEMBER 23, 18G5. NO. 20. TIE STATE EIGHTS DEMOCRAT. 7 STATE RIGHTS DEMOCRAT. : - ISSUED XVSRT 6ATCRDA.Y, ta axaax y, lisx couxty, ocn. ; PUBLISHER AND EDITOR. Crt Tae ae Strr BmPila a the I traaaiar Crea tlse EtiTerkwthe . csrt liwuiav Cast sii, 4 JCiecke t-s&ia af taeKaia Datiaeea street. . TERMS; "ae Cesr far One Yea Va Ce-M for Six JTleatae JET- Parvaat to he ! ia advance In every u. TV Pum will a W to ny eIJrei Ua oraered. a4 ta ten f-r whicfc it shall k weworoA he peiit fur. .V tirwirfur h maJ frtm Mm m mJ inttanem. IT. B. TUely prior aotWe will le given to ek Seaaeriber of Ike week on which his ub eriptioa win ipire, ee4 uuloa an irr l"c u HUiiM MeumpMlii with the m - ny, b a?iro- ta Paper Ul b 4i-CAnuuuei it thai 1X3 ASVEKTISirCQ i C Cruw, ef Twelve Lines, er la, C Xaaartiaa - $3 7r Eaca a .. laasrtica - 1 A Liberal Stelacfe iraat ties rtM t Tsartrty, aaaif Yearly aaa urtT Avrtisr ul ? avU beavgtuy ave -iiMiBUfttJaj vnli ka ca4v XfOTXC3t Comepeaaenta writioj tw aiweit iiynaUrei w UMjWMtlT, art -aake know Uulr proper Han U U Editor, a ao attoetija will be girea tkeir eoauaielient. All LetWrt eae CtaaBktirvB, whthr oa - ins t fg paUWUoa, ak14 e a4dntaac4 to ta EdUer. t-' COI2TAXiU9 COIiltEGE. THE TBUSTEE8 OF THE tWn aaatW InftitttU f Loaning, at a "aMtleg M4 Satardav, Kt. 11, 1365. t-raB-U4 tV ScaoU. a tbm eaplojatoat of Ear. W. A. riNLST. A. B. aa PiWMt. u4 R. N. Aa mxw. f., rro&aaer MatkeaaaOefc TVa TWeMon karin eaarco of tao IartitatkM, da tkMBMtTM to 4roU aiatlrlBS avMn- . iiat la th idteTMU of tiM pUa plae4 wader Xkeir nporrtftoa. AU tko kraactxst of Wralcjt WMallr Umgkt la ColS will rce4v poal attentioa whoa 4mitL Ta TrattM iate4 tn wa.li t CorraUU Col- fc$ a KEST CLASS INSTITUTION of leaning worthy ta patrawas of til friaadaof adacaUoa. euLisacr tuition fOS 8ESSI03T OF 8 MOXTHS: huiiir EaA.yca $10.00 fUHUTMT, IMTT . 13.50 JLTAVCC, KTTO 13.00 l9KBVTab ExTSSaaa cntl rca wkkk. Of UM lirinj oat of ta Cowaty, payaMat ra iiM4 iarariabfjr ia o'raaeo. Taoao ia ta City m4 CatT, oa kalf ia aaTmaoa, Ua aalaac at - ta wiot of U Saaaina. r ' fZZ-To fcrtkr particclar a44rst tha Preti KT. W. A. furLxr, Corrallia. Orefoa. or , M. CAXTERBCRY, Prwieat Board of TnMtcoa. PACIFIC HOTEL, ' y. Tl' TTTTt ' - - ' FrwjritT. THIS LOKG rSTABLISnSD, LARGE.COM M&ou aa4 wU faxaik4 koaaa is auua lntiW a a - STlrst-Clast laterlor not el, Tar tko acitertaianBt of rccwlar Voarocra a4 ayaicat gwoim. 'i . TV kaaa area- alaoat acUreSy ro-kailt last yrar aaa tkaroagkr ra-faraiea witk SEW BEDS X pfwrmUa -wttk aary wWiatiai and raro treat of tka taatoaa, , "Ar Cowwtoat aa4 wrell YoatRated. Ptoi aaa earaf al attiaaaaoa ia acsared to gaeU.. TV Califoraia Stace Companr'a aaaU eoaekca coom taaadc Croca th HteU Ckargos moderate. AIu Ast 1 lii, ISi. ul41f ALBANY, OREGON. ' TT DATE A3L17AYS OS KAJfD ii r arid Haaafariaro to order, crry atylo of II A!10 BUNDS, kt si Ue aJsof iet outtec aai luwet posi!i ck-n-g. rcsrds Hatched and Planed. Ta.rk xacste4 la a t tyle aot iorpac4 by any Slop is the State. The Mill u ia to lower part of the t -wa. 41 Ibo rirer bask, at the corners of the Joiaia j aiaaa of tka Uaatictiif aad Heekk-awa. J. B. C0MLET- Alhaay, aertteaoher JO, ISSi. ; - A XD tw A. F. CHER.FIY, M AVISO FUCCXIASEn THE En tire isvwt ia the ALBAKT 10USii.T MACiUXS SHOP, I aaa r' ' 'Prepared t FmalJi ' "--,--,t m't picT r'i vr"t . CI eTcry ceaetiptiue, ea abort notice. Abo, J3RASS CASTINGS. AS Order for ' 2e4 with dispatch, aod ia a aatisfcetory " uanaer. -. JirlctilfcTal ; Implements ilftBiTaoiaf i to order, aad partiealar attaatioa - - yaa m paa. - doco to order oa tbort aetiee " ' ' A. F. CXTX2BT, " "" ASaar.'S3?1 14. IMS..' c:r -czhtist, T&te Criasta of tba t " a c" r La rrofsionsl aertieea to ti . .-,," ia roster! FKck rsilig. , f ti PLSe ilutcL 1. !4tf . fojr tl tsstof .. B From tk Baa FraneUe Kiamlner.) THE CONSTITUTIONAL AMEND ME XT Tilt DUTY OF DEMO CRATS. Fot the past few; years the American people Bcetu to have forgotten every prin ciple of free government upon which our system rests. Ther have apparently beco groping in the dark, or rather en. gaped in some bacchanalian debauch, in which do excess haa been forbidding to be indulged in. With a senselesa cry of " L ruon on their lips, they have tamely and deliberately surrendered everything m a a a a a that was once considered valuable belong ing to that Union. They have seen the States stricken down at the feet of Fed eral power their sovereignty mocked at and ridiculed- their rights invaded with out decent pretext or slightest sanction of authority their code of laws and courts uttcrlr ignored the Constitutional privi leges of the cttiiens invaded and outraged in short, ail the most valuable bulwarks and safeguards erected by our fathers as barriers axainst the encroachment of power, broken down and destroyed. , In the hight of the war there may have been some pretext for these things, although no jus tification. Men phrenited by great pas sions and prejudices frequently approve what the calmer judgment would never sanction. It seema strange, however. that now has come a time for thought that now the outrages of the past have become history, the masses still grope on .n darkness, prepared to acquiesce in any- thin' that an unscrupulous, fanatical and domineering party may see proper to im pose on them. a a a " . ttention has been Heretofore caned to the Constitutional Amendmeut prohibit ing slavery in the States, bo tar as the practical effect of such a measure by it self is concerned, it amounts at this time to little. Slavery has been destroyed by the war, and the Southern States have been coerced to recognise the fact. The assertion of a right, however, on the part of one class of States to destroy institu tions and vested rights in the others, is violative of every principle of common sense, reason or justice, and utterly incon sistent with civil liberty. But passing by this viewwhat more is attempted by the getters p of the Amendment f By one small apparently insignificant clause, but really boundless and sweeping tn extent, Congress is invested with unlimited pow er over the whole question of suffrage in the States. They not only pretend to abolish slavery, but as if conscious of their inability to do so in the mode proposed, they go on to say that " Congress shall have power to enforce this article by ap propropriate legislation." Appropriate legislation ! What docs that mean f Let Senator Wilsoa of Massachusetts answer that question. In a xecent speech at Yonkers he thus explained its scope. We copy from the Bulletin ; The Republican party, then, has written its name for justice, liberty and hummnity, while the Democracy haa ever voted against all the measures for human liberty. They nay they support the policy of Mr. Jobnsou, but I sav thev do no such thin?. Did tbey support the Constitutional Amendment? There is not a man in the country so strong a supporter as Andrew Johnson. l you know how much there is in this amendment ? It authorises the Congress of the United State to make these slaves emancipated in all respects freemen and eitisens of the Unit ed States. That provision is now endorsed by more than twenty States, and I tell you Congress will act up to its appropriate legia- iatKi. vt e can declare null aua voto any black code of any State. They say they ar in favor of the noliev of- Andrew Johnson. Dare they stand by him on that measure ? They favor his policy of reconstruction. Do they know wiiat it ta? There are diuereneea between us on several of these points, but the ReiMibliejiA Dartv was born of free dis cession, has lived, and thrived, and conquer ed by it. The President said to me the other day that he had never made any discrimina tion between those who favor negro suffrage or what is known as his policy. That he is in favor or free discussion, from wbicn would eventually come forth the truth, Here,tben, is' the scheme of these in famous fanatics If a lawless and un principled majority in Congress choose to say that it is essential to the perfect free dom of the negroes that the whites of the South should not vote, they can so declare nnder that clause. If they can " declare null and void any black code in any State," they can on the same pretext de clare null and void any white code, lbey -can establish an. oligarchy of skin, and make the negro's ebon vestment a badge of pre-eminence. They can say that it is essential to his perieet freedom and equality that there should be a division of landed estates for his benefit. They can thrust him into all public places, and make it a personal offence to deny him so cial equality. In short there is nothing infamous and villainous and revolting to the instincts of decent men that the fa natics who now control Congress would not and could not do nader the unlimited power" of " appropriate legislation." Why the insertion of the clause ? The Con stitution already confers upon Congress the right to make all needful legislation to carry out granted powers. . V hat ne cessity then for its reiteration in this latitudinous language t . Evidently for purpose, and that to destroy all State au tbonty and consolidate au power in Con gress. It was intended as a party weapon for self-perpetuation and , continued domination.- - ' The amendment will doubtless pass the Legislature cf our State. Nowhere hare the Qaprineipled men who rule the land had store blind and subservient followers than in California. They are prepared to surrender every valued right that be longs to a State at the bidding and dicta tion of their masters. We hope, howev er, no Democrat, will vote fh it. To do so be must igsor fftsrj platfonn adopted by National Democratic Conventions. lie must acknowledge that henceforth. we are to have a Government cf unlimited pow ers, and that oar fathers whe so eare fully euaried the right of the States were bue TTS iaorssuses, and unit for the Tsct err t tit asss .Via liesi ia coa- r slavery j let it go. But in doing so, let us not, in God's name, make slaves of our selves. Let Democrats at least vindicate the true principles of the Union, and in no manner become responsible for this foul outrage upon decency, reason and free government. The time will come when the authors of all our troubles these violators of constitutions and mur derers of civil liberty, will be held to a fearful responsibility. Let us keep our skirts clear of defilement that we may pass upon them consistent judgment. The Dlfifereaee. We clip the following from the Chica go Times of Oct. 10th : If any body supposes that there is no material difference between tweedledum and tweed led ee, he may herein learn his error. Our Cincinnati dispatches of yes terday said : "At Hillaboro yesterday, while Alex Lonir and Mr. McGinnis were speakinir. Col. Pike asked Mr. McGinnis if he be lieved that a state bad a right to secede. Mr. McGinnis replied yes. Col. Pike men nreua pistol at mm, ana raisea a . ja .. a table to strike him. McGinnis then fired, the ball grating Pike's bead. Ptke then fired, the ball striking McGiuuia in the abdomen, inflicting a frightful wound. The affair has caused much excitement." Our St. Paul dispatches of yusterday said : Philosopher Greeley extemporised about one hour and a half before the Library Association hut night, to a large audience, on the "East and West." lie deprecated any hostility between these advocated a protective tariff: said the very differences between the East and West were to their mutual advan tage ; charged the whole world and cred ited New Lngland with originating pub lie schools ; alluded to his famous position that the Union could never be pinned to gether with bayonets; said he had noth ing to retract it was as true now as when he said it. Whenever any portion of this Union were deliberately convinced that the L nion, was oppressive or contra ry to their highest interest, that moment the Union was at an ed: said if the Pa cific States should atany time deliberate ly make upHheir mfad to quit the Union, and would appealpeaceably and politely for the privilege, he would be in favor jot let ting then go, and opposed to coercion. These sentiments were feebly applauded, but this morning's Press knocks the phil osopher slightly over the head for such South Carolina doctrine. If a Democrat had made such a speech he would hare baaarded his personal safety, but to the loyal' all things are lawful." ' Thus we see that McGinnia was shot in Ohio by a "loyal" man for asserting what Greeley on the same day declared before ' loyal audience in Minnesota. If Pike cares for consistency, he will follow and pistol the philosopher. He has high precedent, however, for letting him alone. The Government for rears daily arrested and held in dirty and loathsome prisons Democrats for uttering what was daily re peated with impunity by Abolitionists. Pike, ta attempting to murder McGinnis, was acting as fully within lawf uLand right ful authority as in the majority of eases did those who ordered and made arrests of " State prisoners.' Hard ' Swearing. The Columbus Statesman relates a recent ease of hard swearing that would do credit to the most enthusiastic Loyal Leaguer to be found in any community. 1 hat paper says : " o. u. tiannum naa been a clerk in the Treasury Department at Washington some time prior to the late election. A few days before the second Tuesday of October he came to Columbus to vote. lie had not been in the city long before be was waited upon by an official, and re quested to pay the commutation of four dollars provided for in the Abolition mi utia law. j o avoid paying it, be swore before Judge Pngh that he was not aciti- sen of Columbus, and therefore, was not subject to military duty here. On eke tion day his vota was challenged, and this affidavit was produced to prove that he was not a citixen, rAew he deliberately stcorr. ta ku vote, and voted the entire Abolition ticket ! Comment is unneces sary. All roa the Kiocxr. Beccher's Inde petident says : " Two men of color aat in the btate Republican Convention at Worcester last week," and hopes that New York will hurry up and ' eet ahead of Massachusetts by putting Frederick Douglass on her Siate ticket, on nis way to a seat in Congress that be sball yet occupy. ' so goes Abolitionism, First the freedom only of the slaves was tie sired ; then the right of suffrage : now the right to a seat in Congress ; and next the oooupaaey of toe waite House will be de manded. . At &rt tne Abolitionists were few and weak, and their demands were mod erate: but since the Republican party has joined with them, their demands have be come more exorbitant. The Republicans granted them what they first asked, and if that party shall be continued in power, they will even to ally be compelled to "go the whole hog." Shall we have a mosaic Con gress and a black President? Mrs, Jefferson Davis is residing at the house of a Mr. Schuyler, near Augusta, Ga. She enjoys her usual health, is under no surveillance, and is permitted to correspond t will with her husband and friends. Mr. Howell, Mrs. Davis' mother, is in Canada, in general charge of the children of the lat ter, of whom Maggie, aged eleven years, is at the convent efthe Sacred Heart at Mon treal, and Jeff., aged nine, is at school at Lennoxville, distant from Mon treal 60 miles What a IIokxiblk Cams ! The follow ing'is from a late Missouri paper : The Franklin county Grand Jury adjourn. ed on the 27th, having indicted, among other ocenaers, juaran oeneij vautoiio pnec ai Washington, for solemnizing a marriage on the 19 th, without having first taken the oath of loyalty. Thfl father of eleven children, the exhorter ia the Church of the United Brethrea, the hitherto pious and apriht Anthony, of Ed oca. Va,, est clewed with prim old maid, From the Ohio Crbla, FUTURE or THE NEGRO. THE In a conversation with a native of Ohio, always an Abolitionist, now a Federal of fice holder in Georgia, the other day, he in formed us that the negroes in tha State would perii-h by the thousands this win ter of neglect, idleness and diseaftc. He travelled extensively throughout the State, had excellent opportunities of observing the real condition of the freed men, and the picture he gave us of it was terrible to contemplate. With all his tierce phil anthropy and eager desire during years post to see the negro free, eur informant confessed himself staggered at the appal ling results of practical A soli tion. His own opinion is that the negro has pur- hasod his freedom with his existence ; or in other words, that thoae who have insiMed upon his emancipation have simp ly demanded that the negro should be punished from servitude into the grave. As it is, the JNorlhern Abolitionists re cently settled in the South, are more pre judiced against the negro, more ernel in their treatment, and more overbearing in their demeanor than art the native South rons. While thexe Abolitionists will go to any amount of trouble and expense to interfere in the affairs of master and serv ant, and to create a disturbance by their officious meddlesomeness, they are the last lerons in the world to whom a negro can go for charity or assistance. The mission of philanthropy is considered fiuished when the' ignorant blacks have been tak en from their masters, filled with wild and vicious ideas about freedom and left to shift for themsclvef, with the probabili ties altogether in favor of their speedy starvation and ultimate extinction. The best commentary that can be made upon the hideous philanthropy of Abolitionism is the universal with among the negroes themselves to be restored to their former position of warranteeism and security. Couid a vote be taken upon the question among the black, people of the South, we believe a great majority of them would vote for a return to slavery. The violent revolution in their relations forced upon these miserable people by the misguided fanatics of the North is probably, taken all in all, the most monstrous crime ever perpetrated in all the record of human wickedness and error. The destiny of the negro race, and what is to be its immediate future, are questions of the utmost gravity to the Southern people problems whose solution must materially effect themselves. They are the people most interested and most ca pable of deciding the questions correctly, and to them the matter must finally be left. They have always possessed more kindly and friendly feelings for the Afri cans than any other people, and if not still their friends then the sons of Ham need not look elsewhere for succor or protection. In considering these ques tions the Southern people are free from the prejudices, the errors and the un reasonable fanaticism with which Aboli tion palaver and nonsense have surround ed the subject in the North. They will not go to Phillips, Sumner, Garrison or Beceher, for counsel or advice, for they understand that these men use the negro for political purposes, and have no dis position and no capacity o cope with the practical question presented by the pres ent condition of the blacks. Their plans of education, miscegenation, colonisation, suffrage and equality, are sheer humbugs, good enough to keep political parties and anti-slavery societies in a perpetual fer- mentatious at the North, but utterly worthless, impracticable and absurb as plans to benefit either race. The white people of the South first require that their own condition may be assured by the re cognition of their state Governments, clothed with sufficient power to protect themselves from the execrable and offi cious intermeddling of Yankee philan thropists which has already produced such dreadful effects upon the negroes; and then they will be able to consider and de cide upon what need be done with the blacks. It is a subject ior each cute to legislate upon for itself, and ta L.v any other authority to interfere can result in nothing more than making contusion worse confounded. The opinion is entertained by many of i lie aoieaii meu ui iub uuuiu, nuu imt studied the problem carefully, that the negro race will die out and become ex tinct, as has the race of Indians. The only philosophical reason to be presented against this, is the difference in the char acteristics of the African race from those of all other races, which everywhere con fronts us in the history of the African The Indian receded and finally disappear ed; but tne Airican eungs to tne asso ciation of his superiors with instinctive tenacitv. But human wisdom will cer tainlv have Droved a failure when there can be foqnd no other solution of a polit ical or social difficulty than the absolute extermination of four or five millions of people. The negro is indispensable to the cultivation of the staples of the South ern States ; his labor is not available so long as he enjoys " impartial freedom ;' and this freedom is the disease which consumes him, These tacts make it ob viously necessary that any practical and humane eolation of. tne negro question involves the return of the blacks to the mastery of the whites, and the condition of subordination which the experience of two hundred years has proven to be the only one in which, they can prosper or oe uhciui. This is but a glance at a subject which threatens the people of the whole coun try portentiously, but more especially the people of the Southern States, whose ao- i : .1 a' ciai organisation uow ju a uuaouo aiate is to be effected for years to come by the nature of the decision they are to maae upon it. Mr. Brown, married man of New Jersey, is dead. Mrs. iirown and a dose of arsenic had something to do with the transaction, A man in New York State is under arrest for attempting to put out hia wife's eyea. CORRUPTION Of THE CHURCH. The Rev. Bishop Edward Thompson, D. D., LK. D.. of the Methodist Church delivered an address before the Educa tional Convention, held at Delaware, Ohio. a few months ago. An an illustration of the demoralization of the reverend clergy, and as showing the spirit of worldly cu pidity and love of power engendered in the spiritual leaders of the church by civil war and party rancor, we take the follow ing extract from this speech : " Of the increate of the public wealth, which has been very large since the war began, by reason of the stimulus given to manulactures and commerce, the in creased price of agricultural products, and the opening of new sources bf wealth, such as oil wells, our Church has had her full share perhaps more than her share; for no Church has been more loyal than she, if any at patriotic, active and earnest tn suppressing the rebellion. Had she been as indifferent to the rebellion as some sister Churches, the Government could not have carried the nation through a single year of the war. Of the 200,0U0 men sent to the field of conflict from Ohio, Methodism has had a large share; and, as a consequence, she has had her proportion of the honors and profits of the war. Beginning with Grant, the ablest living general, and, I verily believe, in many repect the cual of Napoleon I, the great military gcuius of modern ages, a long line of army officers have gone from Ohio Methodist families. Ami when nnnw contrtcl$ have been awarded, and yrantt to Murchate. cotton in rvbcllmu Statei hif ve bren made, our people have not altogether been, indifferent or ignored. Without unduly or dishonestly seeking to profit by the war, the attitude which our Church has borne to the Government has naturally and nccts$arig increased her tcealth." In this remarkable confession the Rev bishop ihompson discloses the causes which produced the intense loyalty that characterized the great body of Christian ministers in the North during the late war. Although their patriotism may have been of the unadulterated descrip tion at the beginning, Mr. Thompson shows that it was stimulated by the mer cenary rewards over which he chuckles with unctious etaisfaction. He does not take the trouble to inquire whether the war was a just, pious or Christian war. or whether it promoted the interest of the children of God upon earth, or wheth er the sea of blood it created advanced re ligious truth or brought the unholy nearer to their Creator ; he does not deny or dis cuss the demoralization of society, the re striction of civil liberty, the ruin and des olation, the sin and wretchedness produced by the war. It is sufficient for him to know that " when army contracts nave been awarded, and grants to purchase cot ton have been made, our people that in. the intensely loval saints in the church have not been indifferent to the prof its or ignored oy me me consider ate powers that dispensed the flesh pots The attitude of intense loyalty and politi cal ambition which characterized "our church has naturally and necessarily in creased her wealth I" It is rarely that i politician is found so abandoned as to ad mit that his patriotism has been rewarded by fat contracts, cotton stealing permits, and an increase of wealth ; but here we find a Bishop in the church boasting of these rewards, not as the blessings of God for the seal of the church in promotm his cause upon earth, but as the compen sation of the Government for services, which, if rendered in a worthy cause, should have been rendered without ex pectation of reward, as if in an unholy cause, should not have been rendered at all. Among all people the mercenary practice of hunting contracts and indulg ing in speculation during a war involving life and death, has been - regarded as the most odious and execrable of crimes ; and from the time of the Athenian Democracy to the present, the war contractors and speculators have been loaded with the curses of the people and the scorn of ora tors. In our late piteous and bloody strife these crimes were stimulated by the recklessness with which the war was con ducted, the faoilitios afforded for the es cape of the selfish and guilty miscreants, and the immense profits upon robbery and speculation. The opportunities were im proved ; navies were wrecked and battles were fought that speculators might pro cure cotton ; hundreds of good men were Immolated to the cotton fever, and thous ands of widows and orphans trace their misery to the insatiable thirst of blood in spired : by permits to steal cotton. The wealth accumulated by such wactices as dishonor manhood and disgrace even spec ulation is of the devil's own creation. It is stained with human blood ; it smells of dead men s bones ; it reeks with the mi asma of corruption, crime and death ; it is the sweat of the poor and the blood or the brave minded and stamped upon greenbacks. To boast of such wealth, to mak-A a virtn nr anch nossession. IS to mock the agony of men. insult the pover ty of the Naxarine, and abuse the beuen cene and justice of God. Intheiail in Boston are two babies one seven and a half years of age, and one of nine, both small for their years and evidently infantile in mind. Iheir offense was stealing a few grapes, and they are committed for non-payment 01 nuo uu costs. Going from tne meeting on Science,, to visit the jail, strangers wouia oe ttrnrixpx! to see such a spectacle in Boston. Quincy Union. If these babies were "black," al' New England would howl over the barbarity of their treatment. Being white and poor, they are, according to Puritan ideas, very proper ly treated. Massachusetts is the first and only State that has hod its claims lor volunteers allow ed bv the General Government. Like the in dividual who made up for. coming late to his business by going away early, Massachusetts atones for its delay in putting its men in the war by being the first to get its pay therefor troa tne nation. THE HUJinUCI BEECH EK. A late Eastern paper says: Henry Ward Beceher, a disreputable miuintor and charlatan, who seized upon the chris- tnan religion as a means of advancing him self to wealth and fame, recently deliver ed a sermon Lord save the mark which was less blasphemous and barbarous than any he has delivered for the hist five or nix years, ibis sermon bos created a sensation among the weak-minded loyal, just as Beceher intended it should. He gets his name in the papers frequently and his notoriety increases, while his ad mirers are stunned and horined at the idea of their leader advocating anything like the Christianity of the New Testament. Just think of it. Beceher, tho man who has preached nothing bat murder, massa cre and rum for years Ueecber, who con soled the shoddy contractors and Govern incut thieves who visited his sanctuary with the gratifying declaration that there was no hell Bcecher, who, because it was popular, insisted upon the starvation and ultimate extermination of four millions of unfortunate blacks Bcecher, who thun dered war and death from his pulpit, who revelled in bloodshed, rejoiced at ruin and advocated extermination Bcecher, who has done the devil's work for years at last reads the Sermon on the Mount, and suddenly preaches magnanimity, peace, and justice, instead of death, war and ex termination ! The sensation is profound. The speed of the lightning is employed to scatter the news of this startling con version over the country. The loyal are amazed, the venal are intimidated, the fa natics are enraged. By the loyal he is accused of copperheadism, by the fanatics he is charged with cowardice, by the con servatives he is suspected of hypocrisy, and by all he is regarded as a humbug and his sermon is despised as " bosh." The idea of Bcecher advocating anything approximating to Christianity, is incredi ble; the notion that he delivered his re cent stump speech with the view of pro moting the pacification of the country and the restoration of our former tranquility, is preposterous. Beceher is a quack ; and his sermon is a humbug. He delivered it to create a sensation; he has succeeded. His noto- riety is increased ; his confederates of the Independent have an opportunity of puff ing him and themselves; the country newspapers are forced to comment upon the sensation, and the object of the Plym outh Church clique of Puritanical politi cians and the Independent Mutual Admi ration Society is attained. To identify himself with the changing sentiment of the people, and in order to claim the lead. when he merely follows, this pulpit dem agogue has ventured upon a sham quarrel with the fanatics of hia own family to put money in bis purse, and to have an an chor. cast to windward in the event of President Johnson adopting a conserv ative policy. From tb SL Loais Republican. How Hegre Treepa Get Their Rep utatiw-a. Our readers cannot have failed to notice the persistency with which Radical orators and the correspondents of Radical papers have vaunted the valor of negro soldiers, ever since it became the policy of the Government to put such soldiers in the field. They have gone on eulogizing and elaborating falsehoods in an ascending scale, until now they assert that the ne gro "saved the Union." The idea they have in view seems to be to persuade ne groes that they did vastly more to secure the salvation of the country than white soldiers, and that the Government there fore owet it to them to let them vote, hold office, and obtain consequence generally as a highly privileged class. lingadier ueneral Uenton, the ( white) soldiers' candidate for Governor of Iowa, in a late speech, after alluding to the cap ture of a battery by his men, at the battle ot Jenkins ferry, Arkansas, says : What was the indignation of his men when they saw the printed letters of these correspondents a glowing account of tne col ored troops in storming this battery, and ig noringthe very existence of bis regiment. Who really captured it, by not even mention ing its presence there, but this indignation was still further increased, when, by some one's orders, these very guns were sent up to St. Louis, and exhibited there at a soldiers' fair, with certain battle flags, as trophies of the bravery of certain colored troops, who were said to have stormed and taken them at the battle of Jenkins' Ferry, when, in fact, there were no battle-nags there, and the whole work of taking the, guns was done by his own regiment, which was not even men tioned. It is iust as easy to dissipate all the fic tions that have been published about ne gro exploits elsewhere. At Port Hudson, Fort f isher, James island, near cnaries ton, and the lines at Petersburg, they were represented in glowing terms to have acted with an intrepidity that places the best efforts of veteran white troops com pletely in the shade. In all cases the truth was that, where they could be brought within range of a rebel volley at all, they scampered at the first fire. CoNrxssios or a Dcblist. -Many of our readers will remember the fatal duel in 1838 between two members of Congress, Messrs. Graves of Kentucky, and Cilley of Maine, in which tne latter was killed, in a letter to a friend, in 1844, Mr. Graves said : " I wilt add, with the most unaffected sincerity, that, in a eommunitr where public senti ment sanctions this practice (duelling), it requires a much higher order of courage to re fuse to fight than to fight: and if I have one aruem wisa wmcn is greater wan any outer on t'lis subject, it is that, if I shall ever be i i J Y , 1 a j. , . . i ' i . bo Biraaieu again, a may una mysen posses sed of that higher order of courage." Who, then, is tne truly crave man 7 A young widow was asked why she was going to get married so soon after the death of her first husband. " Oh. la." said she. " I de it to prevent fretting myself to death on account oi aear lorn." The Madison (Indiana) Courier says it has heard young ladies singing, " Who will care for mother now?" while their old mothers were wearing themselves out ia the, kitchen over the wauiy washing. Jadah I. Benjamin. In a late number of the New Orleans Picayune, now a " loyal" paper, the fol lowing tribute was paid to tho late jRebel Secretary of War. We ak our Oregon " loyal " cotetuporaries if it is treason t Let them read it: Mr. Benjamin was always known aad respected in this community as a man of great liberality and generosity of charac ter, as free from avarice or mercenary motives and habits as any prominent man in this community. His extraordinary talents, wonderful industry and great am bition for political and professional dis- rSi tin a-firm 1 ur f t tr a fLntrtA Yttm e tawra mwtAi most lucrative .- ai, win uv vwt aaaaaa a mi jew atuui, practive, and every highOi statiou" he cveraspired to, Despite these great advantages, aad his large receipts from his profession, he was never rich or even easy in his circum stances. His immense resources from hi own industry and talents were expended in the support and advancement of his relatives and friends, and in a liberal and generous mode of life. So far from lov ing his ease and comfort, or addicting him self to luxury and dissipation, he was, perhaps, the most laborious, industrious and tetuperateman who ever attained eminence at,-ourhar and in public affaira. SUrtinarftfthis ciy as a friendless youth, hewTtrkeu his way by sheer industry and Idlcnt, from ar notary's clerk to the very highest place at our bar, when that bar was second to no other in the country for talent, learning and eloquence. Ia all that time we never heard a mean, small, or illiberal act ascribed to hint. In embarking in politics, and especially in so perilous a moveme nt as the late re bellion, few men made such great sacri fices as 31 r. Benjamin. He bad no estate, but his professional talents and experience could command him at any time and ia any place a splendid income. His prac tice before the Supreme Court of the United States alone was worth 120,000 a year. This he abandoned, together with his home and library, expensively furnish ed in Washington City, and also his large and lucrative practice in this city, in order to fill an office in the Confederate Gov ernment, the emoluments of which would not pay his household expense! for one month. If Mr. Benjamin was the elaa and mercenary man he is described, thin was certainly a coarse which could hard) be reconciled with that great shrewdness, cunning and ability which hit enemies and detractors ascribe to him. A Western Ket Note. One of the candidates in the late campaign ia Ohio, after referring to the monstrous pubUe debts, and its effect present and fat ore, said : Our country was in a death-struggle. She required money. Without money the Government must perish and the Union be destroyed. The money-lender came and said, ' Uncle Sam, I see thatyoa Win die unless 1 lend you some money ; but, Uncle, I won't let you have the mon ey unless for every $50 in gold that I lend you you will give me your bond for 9100, and agree to pay me t per cent interest on the whole amount in gold. And that is not all, L ncle, but you must agree that your children shall pay my taxes and my children's taxes forever.' Well. Uncle Sam, rather than die, makes the contract. Think you, citizens, that suck, a contract should bind Uncle Sam's children f I think nofnd it will be well for yon t9 remember, citizens, that Uncle Sam's boy are all voters. Tnx Divil was Right. The folhrwinj will be appreciated by many of our readesa: Dr. II. who is now pastor of an orthodox church, had been for some time annoyed by the forwardness of a lay brother to "speak" whenever an opportunity was offered, to the frequent exclusion of- those whose remarks had a greater tendency to edification. This ' had been carried so far that the pastor, whenever he stated that "en opportunity would now be offered for any brother to give an exhortation," had always a secret dread of the loquacious member. On one especial occasion the latter prefaced a prosy, incohe rent harangue with an account of a prerioaa controversy he had been carrying on with the great adversary. " My friends said he, ' the devil and I have been fighting for more than twenty minutes ; he told me not to speak to-night, but I determined I would ; he said some of the rest could speak better than I, but still I felt that I could aot keep silent ; he even whispered that I spoke to of ten and that nobody wanted to hear me ; but I was not to be put down that way, and now I have gained the victory, I must tell you all that is in my heart." Then followed the tedi ous haranee aforesaid. As they were coat ing out of the session room, the rood pastor inclined his head so that his mouth approach ed the ear of the militant member and whie. pered, " Brother, I think the JkxH was right." The editor of the New' York Evening Post having attended a Quaker meeting in New Bedford, describes the preacher : Taking off her bonnet she placed it ia the hands of the sister next to her, aad rose like the rising of a pure and timed star. W ith her hands folded and her eye cast down, she uttered in a sweet woman ly voice, but very clear and firm. ELess- ed is he that considereth the peer; the Lord will deliver him ia time of trouble and a better, a more toacSiiasr sermoa was not preached that day in ail the world ' than ene preached. Spoliation or tbs South. An em ploye of the Post OSce Department, now superintending mail matters in Arkansas, writes tnat on jtne mail route I rem Jrort Smith, m that State, to Caswell, ia Hi, souri, there is not a house . a or habitation where a mail carrier could refresh him. self or beast, in a distance of nearly two hundred miles. From FayetteriUe to Caswell by the old mail road the distaaee is seventy-five miles, and there is not a house or garden fence left standing, cor a field under cultivation," . One of the first families in New York ia ia great distress at the mairiati ef tieUr ra t the cook.