The state rights democrat. (Albany, Or.) 1865-1900, December 09, 1865, Image 1

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1L iiii
YOL. 1.
NO.: 8.
Willi b
k3 Ji rk 1 JJIj
CeaTh Oaa ttary BaiUlasr tha
e;Utt rai3B,f Oram ta IHvar fcy the
rt time. Cat side, Yw lcks
-.Last af iL llsia SJusla stmt ,
fia' Copy fy Qn Yr . .
, ao C'iy fbr Mix 5Snthn 9
jC? lXrmeot t be made la edace t every
eae. Yfce Paper wilt not be wot t an? ad.lreiw
tiUm ervifjr.l, And the tfrm for wk.hsfc M ehall be
trdrrd be paid' ft. Ve ?7rr 'M
fVen t ttrmit ts tajtesre.
. X. B. Tiwetv prior Mke .will be rtven to
wk ttbteri'0r oC the week ea vfeteh ki ub
criptioa will expire, mod ttnie a enter fur W
naURMB! aeumpaaie4 wlUi ihe . monj, b
(Ivm, the Paper Will be diaecau&tted to that
f ' . rca AavrnTxrirra
fa One Cewar, af Tw1t tinea, a
& C Xasertlott. $3
Pr Each Sabeeaaeat tasertioa 1
ftjsr A LiWal Xleinetiea ftaaa these
rtt t Quarterly, Half Yearly and
Yearly Advertiser. s4 v?oa all tJafftby
i4j:tisesaeBtft, will ba iaad.
trwpBdt wtitinjr w wnnfi lgnatore
r aaoeyaoaitr, mast' make know thir prupcr
ntnai u the K litor. or tie attcotioa Ul be given
t tklr cootmauk-atiomj.
. AU! Wattvrt and Cmmnnist;nBS, whether en
sinn or for pablicalion, ihostd be addreae4 to
the Editor. ; ' - - ' -
!' Ttii.t GAnBUtBS, The New York cor
tisooadeat of the Cincinnati Gatctto wiya :
" In'Siie of at meat letters I nok of
fumbling a one of the vum of our fashion
aUo wotaen, an-1 1 hare siuo le&raeii thnt it
ia praoticfrl iit eertaia mtxiish quarters far
mow than. I LaJ uppoi In Fifth Are
sae aaJ Fourteenth aiwiTwentT-tlnrJlatrcot,
that when thir purses are depleted
. they put up their bracelet, necklaces and
w5hcs as wagors. . S.aso Jf the feminine
puaesters hw heavily, and the desperate
.thifl RO allusion t their wardrobe to
t -(r are put to conceal their losses
j an.. .ace thew, must be fearfully desnr
salii$ig. A young woman, tha daughter of
.oca of oar most opulent citizens, was point
. e-i out to rue in the Park, as a noturious
'abitT, by one of ser osi, who inform
ed me she tad parted with" ccarly $100,000
aiooeshe went U Saratptv, in July, and
,,r3o kfr doting papa beliere she had ex
pa4i the sum iu dress aad charity. The
' vouft i-cnua in qucsnon it ery prettv,
j.rt nire than twenty and aa one regard-
inj; her pile, spirituelle tare, her soft blue
ejes, and gentle and reserred manner,
'.VouJd ima;ineshe had fallea a ictim to
cae of the taost daagTus of tioes.
.i : TTaiT Att Tkisk, BctTurCaat Sat.
.Is not Gen. Grant doing just a loot's uiite
tod ranch of the starring and hand-shaking
business t Can we tae his rcfual to speak
id public as an evidence of excessive modes-
ty, wtiea we ana -Him rusaing iranucanj
about itrall direct !fns t receive the cheers,
l3aera, bows, iriuaiphal arches and com-
timest which tha put lie - have not ret
f, rf"jwn weary of ogering w hi nodding but
. e lent imae? That a pahlic wan should
,! t.'. t peak: too ofn or make his Tiews too
he&p, is Tery true; but when, as ia Gen.
Craat'a, a man that never speaks at all,
3 "jknd leaves as in doubt whether he has " ary
"a rel view about hira," t'.S error is clearly
a the aide of ere--sirre:icae. If he he
"painfull j diSdentthit ha cannot utter
"evra tn words to the err -s-Is he eoes kotoo-
inz and hultabahwir ? t' .tt his carriaro,
hotel, or railway car r - & he continue
.. .to riave r.s vry eminit i lfi?tT totea all
voand from Pan to I'eoLela, as if with a
Luajer never to be sat ; u4 for the shouU
s ; .n i ovations of his fdkr daiens? Some
. -reor le aaya :that Twcasc'a. Shermaa has
im C tv much talLic -. r.!, i perhaps this
. ut Lc true, is nt uratst doing just a
1 lcu mite too iauehf iift isiarriBaiMi hand
i t ahaiifig busiBeas! j .
Not Iscukib to Kiss ' ih Rod. A
Soathem oSccr writes fcaaorjuslv to the
, JiobUa Eegtstcr, in rt ply U the accusation
of a Northern newspaper tli&i the Southern
people still praise tifjir wa Generals and
- r fcitect to praise thww who haTe saved the
1 T.epubtie,--'' He- thinks" the Yankee- must
1 Lave peer ideas about Southern human na-;-
tare jf they expect" anything different, and
3 ? i-sys f '"--- ' ' - i' - ,
' -'or do I sing prc&ns to the Union Gener
s ; t!s fur saving the Itepnblic, far at the time
' the thing-was done it etrerk iae"that thev
; eared the wroag one. It mnj be that 1
ocjht to be gratefni to the ienerals who
E tlirashed ine and all ciy friends ' within an
i" inch cf our lives, but, ia the lanmageof Mr.
. V.a-1, I don't see it in lamps.'
. 1 . e all aUaiire the art" 'e l-fauty of the
t .a ia wiica ine cniun tieuerais put ' ns
Um-r,h ; we make
rr .' -;e the fct tv:
I - ' "idy ia .point
r. ur as as a eot rf
puES,-beca.uje we d-.; t
e' "qanee in const"..:
?1. -Li s.'tne c j.
t i, t, ii aid iasnlt to i
r to suppress
r 5 was done
t' I; "but to de-
i- ' '.eful sons of
e'eiia oar ink and
. would be
i. a preaeiltated at-
T s Ccmiss'ief f
I P-evcnuc has
crs whose
' -.iad dol-
I as manu
1 cover all
r from the
i tlatpi
i trerelxai ex. .
. 4-s.....IIy shou'l 1
. -f, and
' -r U.eir r ?n ."
. ;voe u pablicaL.1. li. a .
.1 'jtf t:ihe.'
J i
. . . ci ci ; .
- .r Army vlll ... . .
i s- i. At li t C s i
-1 f l''cr" cf -ti8
! eiOj; be i
. i r'-Etl .c i.
- .''v that
CDI.fcist of
" - '.'j dls-a-sy,
ucit will
-i to the
r, t-e .
trarc0, -
ia A--r
ell c
r vet..
, Las won
lor a
-9 lar
. i
I a
- ?
year hi
there, are oftn parties of Udio, ftrm vhich
h cprn;to are aterfjlj excluJvl, where
the fair gamesters plaj Vntil daylight for
larr tuket ; and it not unfrcouentiy hap-
' - , -
lit .airienn irt re The ar
klpw lusli the rarseu In thp
The following frotu Parson Got. llrown
low, ia bis Knoavillo Whig, is worth pe
t using:
Thousands of . free colored persons are
coagregatilig . ia aud around tlto Urge
towns in Tennessee, and thousauds are
coming in front' other States, one-third of
whom cannot pfk employment. Indeed,
less than one thvsjd .want explovmcnt, or
feel willing to htanp to work. Tlier en
tertain the erroneous idea that the Gov
ernment is bouud to supply all their wants,
and even to JSimish them with houses, if,
in order to ort hat. the white occupants
I must he totrned out. There is a force de
mand for labor in every section of the
State,4 hu the -ro!ored people, with here
and there a noblo exception, scorn the
idea of work. They fiddle and dance at
uight. and lie around the stores and street
coiners m the day time. And some of
the indiscreet teachers of the negroes from
the North, who know nothing ot the ne
gro character, have Wen known to tell
them not to hire to white people I Hat
ing the single idea in their heads of ttlm.
Ittion, they advise the simple and credit,
loua negro to a life of precarious subsist.
enee, ot idleness and u;iuciuir, and of
crowding into the towns to bo edm atnl, in
preference to good wages and comfortable
homes in the country. If some great
change is not made when winter comes
on, and if the military force is withdrawn
as they will be, there will be great suffer
iag and fearful mortality atuoug them.
There is a lad state of feeling now be
tween them and the whiten and it is daily
growing more bitter. Many of the ne
groes arc insulting to white families, who
never owned any of their color aud never
did them any wrong. They frciiciu!y
elbow unprotected white women off our
narrow pavements, and curse white men
passing them, just to thow their a a (Veri
ty. - Others are swearing on the
and v- have heard them that they will
cloau out the d d town ! And still an
other cliuss swear that If they are not al
lowed their rights at the ballot-box they
will resort to the airtruhjrJxxx ! And
they swear they will be backed up by the
Government. Aa one desiring the wel
fare of the colored people, they will per
mit me to say that they can't Jrivt the
Legifdature of Tenncssce into conferring
upon them the elective franchise. Ihey
can, by the demonstrations they are uiak
irg in this direction, deprive themselves
ofauy such p'rivilege, so far as Tennessee
is concerned. The Federal Government
has no right "to control the suffrage ques
tion in lennessee. And the great I uion
party of the nation will have more sense
than to attempt to control the question by
Congressional legislation.
General Tilson, at .Memphis, has deter
mined that he will compel the free people
of color to leave the city and surrounding
towns, even if the removal requires mili
tary force. He has sent a patrol through
the city to learn who have employment,
and who have not, and to notify them that
no further supplies will be furnished to
them that can support themselves and re
fuse to do so. At Memphis they have
been contracting for wages, and, becoming
dissatisfied, break their contracts and
leave off abruptly. General Tilsou has no
tified them that this will- not be allowed,
that they must make good their contracts,
and that he will compel them to work at
the rates and places agreed upon. I rank
General Tilsoa atuoug the best men we
have ever had in command at Knoxvillo,
and I am pleased to find that he is still
showing his good sense and love of jus
tice at Memphis. We lack such disci
pline among the colored people in this
eud of the State, and I hope it will not be
long until more
regulations are
adopted by the Commissioners of Freed
men, who, aa I understand it, hare con
trol of this branch of affairs. There is no
better man in the service than General
FUk, and if he fails $o do his whole duty,
it will be because his headquarters are at
a 3 .... .1 .
a distance, ana nc is not rosiea as 10 me
state of things here and along the line of
this road.
President Johnson will remove all the
troops from East Tennessee before a great
while, and the colored people, as well as
the whites, will have to take care of them
selves. A portion of them I know, and I
feel assured they will be iudustrious and
quiet citizens, providing for themselves
and families. T 1 he great majority of them
will not, and will get into trouble many
of them will break into the penitentiary 1
Tbey will fail by their threats of violence
to accomplish any good, and he is their j
beat mend who advises them agarnet this
course of conduct. Colored soldiers in!
Federal uniform with guns and pistols in
their hands, must nqt suppose that East
Tennesseeans will be intimidated by them,
or suffer their families to be abused., I
know these people, and I know they will
not submit to be run "over by Degro sol
diers- And knowing this, I desire to keep
down any conflict between the races. The
East Tennessee troops who nave iougnt
three dreadful years to free the negroes
and get the privilege of coming back to
their old and cherished home3, are not
the men to be run over Jby colored sol
diers who came into the fight at the elev
enth hour. And those who have the im
mediate control of the colored troops, and
are in daily conversation with them had
as well understand this fact at once.
Loyal men in East Tennessee concede
to the colored people "their freedom, and
the right to enjoy all they can make or
evea realize from the aid of the Govern
ment, aad the still farther privilege of edu-
: caiicg their children j but they are not
rrerarea to see all their churches and
'j-tlireejsehool-houaes turned over to them, and
jtheinaoceat wiute cuudrea ot Union pa-
rents, who never owned any slave, deni
ed houpos of worship and houses in nhieh
to teach school, bucaue a lew mipadcut
teachers, upstarts from the North, but of
any employment, havo conceived th idea
of immortalising the negro t There ar
those of us here, claiming to be on tho side
of the Union, who still think, notwith
standing tho result of tho war, that a
white child is an rood a a black one !
There are those of us here, on tho side of
tho union, who do not rvcognne the fight
of tho Government, after emancipating
tho negroes of Union men, to tako their
lands nud property as a puuitduucttt lor
having owned slaves 1 There aro those of
us here, claiming that there i no discount
upon our Unionism, w ho don't recognise
the right of a Cuptuiu or Lieutenant in
command of colored troops, mum tho rep
rcsoutiou of n negro of bad character, ar
resting respectable loyal white tneu with
negro bayonets, and marching them from
one county to another for liial, when their
condemnation bus been agreed upon by
tho negroes in advance ! And there nro
thousand of true-hearted. In ion citizen
and discharged Federal etldicr in Kat
Tennessee, who will die right here, in a
second war, before they wih submit to auy
such insults, wrongs, or outrages.
I speak out plainly, because the state of
tho public mind requires it. 1 here is a
ueep, intense, nrjrmre icoim geitiug
up throughout this end of the Mate upon
this subject. I think I see where aud
what it will lead to, and I desiro to reme
dy the evil. I adfise the white popula
tion to treat the negroes justly in all re
spects, and not dietaih them in their law
lul and peaceful pursuits. They were
armed and uniformed by the Government,
and ought not to bo deuouneed on that
account, w hero they conduct themselves
properly. On the other hand, let those
who have control of the negroea advise
them to a quiet and peaceful course, and
to reconcile it to themselves to sec white
men and their families enjoy what rightly
belongs to them. Let tltcui frown down
all malicious complaints from negroes of
bad character against white persons w ho
have always kUxkI fair. et them cease
to attest gentlcmeu of character and stand
ing, and of loyalty, because some curagod
slave has faucicd he can procure uch ar
rest. A day of reckouing will come bare
after, and the encroachments upon the
rights and liberties of loyal men and im
prudently continued, the day will come
ooirr than any of us waut to see it?
Since writiug the foregoing, I am In
formed that at a colored ball iu the Uni
versity building in thi city, three colored
persons were k.lie l in uuo uight. It is
said they were i-hot by white men dreed
in Kitmtii' rlt tic ' Oi' Course I condvmti.
iu unmeasured terms, any puch outrage,
ana l maae mention oi u to mow in state
of feeling getting up l-etween the race.
These balls arc too frequent, aud all
wrong. White soldiers aud ojjictrt atteud
tbcm and dance with the colored women.
Ouo Ohio soldier, a man of very fair edu
cation, procured a license to marry, but
not disclosing the color of bis iuteuded,
and actually married a young wench, for
merly a slave in this city ! If this sort of
alliance suited his tatrt I be tio com
plaint to make, liutd do complain that
the morals of the 'colored population are
not so good since theiryrcdom as when
they were in bondage. 3nd at tho speed
we are all making in the direction of their
cnlighteumcnt, our teaching, preaching,
prijiug,. singing and daicing will take
half of them to ruia in a very fchort time.
One-half of all the colored soldiers iu
East Tennessee, have no; respect for that
uniform, and do not appreciate its dignity
and importance. Two of them iu full
uniform, some time since, upon a narrow
sidewalk in this city, knocked the writer
of this article into the gutter, throwiag
him upon his hands and knees. He was try
ing to get out of the way, and they saw
it, but being feeble, and lean in if upon a
staff, he moved too slow for their ideas of
progresss. Iniade no complaint, but con
cluded that thce colored ruffians had not
" learned to respect the uniform of the
army," and went my way not rejoicing
-'but fed nig in the left knee that 1 was
worsted in the.encounter, which 1 had not
brought about, but sought to prevent!
Soldiers and officers wearing the Federal
uniform ought-all to be gentlemen, no
matter what their color, but the only two
colored soldiers I ever encountered did
not prove to be of that stripe. I have no
wish to try them again I might light
upon others less refined who would run
me through with a bayonet I Being de
nied a white man's choice, I only ask a
negro's privilege of gettingout of the way 1
The plain truth is4 the colored soldiers
have not been properly instructed. Who
is at fault I am not able to say; Believ
ing that their longer continuance in East
Tennessee will be productive of no good,
but of much harm, 1 hare written to Pres
ident Johnson to remove them to those
localities where they . are needed, V and
where the people Were a unit rn bringing
on the rebellion. Indeed, I have inform
ed the President that no troops are need
ed in East Tennessee of any color, and
that the loyal people and the civil author
ities are fully able to preserve order aind
take care of the eountry. The Bench,
from the County Court up to the Supreme
Court, is occupied by loyal J udges ; the
Prosecuting Attorneys are loyal men, so
are the Sheriffs and J ustices, and we are
prepared ia East Tennessee to preserve
order without the aid of troops.
An English Catholic journal state's that
the stories of the Pope's extravagance are
wicked exaggerations, llis persopal ex
nenses for camaices. stables, &o.t do not
amount toeventr scudi (or dollars) a month.
His own table costs one scudi a day, and all
he spends retqrns to lus people. .
Amons the Court file et Tannton is the
finding of a Coroner's' Jury, drawn up some
th!rtv virA ftT, LV a hnvver,' which con-
rtv vi
eludes " that the said
J J - O V . . ' - . - ' . . .
came to his
death by the vi&iuiuoa
God." -
cf the aforesaid
ri'Kimti e Pahimnre da?),)
TUT. Wr.tXOt lt ITtf lMiftYY ASD
Some of the lcmocratie Conventions
which lately met in tho Northern .States
endorsed tho eounw which the President
has pursued towards the Fonth, and
pledged to him thn support of tho Demo
eratic party. Although that party has
taken ho action in this Stale, tho Chair
man of the Democratic Ktate Central
Committee has fanned an address, in
which he apeaks of " tho wiso and just
policy of conciliation which diMinguifhos
the dealings of President Johnwoo with
thif Southern States. Several of our
Northern cotcmporarics, and amoitgHhem
come of the Hemocratie journals which
clung nnwt fearlessly and tenaciously
throughout the war to tho principle
which they had advocated at its com
mencement, have protexfod Mtigly
against the action of their tate Conven
tion. Tbey My that the cordial rdore
ment by the latter of Mr. JoIuhou' p4
icy involve an abaudtHJUient of every
principle that the Democratic party ban
ever contended fur that such a conr.e
has bceu adopted at the instance of time
nerving politician who are ready to sac
rifice truth and consistency for power
aud that, iu an ill-timed chv.rt to propt
tiato Mr. juunson and secure uts lavor,
the Democratic party is likely to lorfeit
its claim to the rerqot of the country aud
to popular support. We most certainly
do regard the action of tho Democratic
party a, to say the Jcat of it, premature.
.Mr. on ii -on may norcaner snape u
policy to a nearer conformity with those
political tenets which the leaders of the
iiemocrattc party, a lew months mice,
roiraided as Ciirdiiial articles of their po
litical creed; but, in view of the present
position of affairs, it is difficult to see how
a thorough and unreserved approval of
his coarse is compatible with uu adber
euee to Dcmcratio principles. In tone
and temper, his sjioeeh to tho dolrgutiou
of Southerners which met him ou .Mou
day hint was all that could be desired.
While he did not speak very definitely iu
regard to his future course, ho protested
that he had uo disposition to deal harshly
with the Southern people that ho was
determined to take the Constitution as
his guide that he was "opposed to con
solidation or ooucent rat iuu of power" iu
Washington, " under whatever guise or
uaiue," aud that ho be Lived the southern
people were determined to curry out in
good iaiih the pledge they have giveu to
submit to the l-cdcral laws. For all this
Mr. Johou deserves and will receive
commeudatUiu at the hand of all save the
radical faction, w hich ia still endeavoring
to hiuder the work of pacification. II u
actiou, too, in Mississippi, is significant
of an iutention, on his part, to l reveut
further military interference with the
rights of the people of - the Southern
States. In bis communication to Gov
ernor Sharkey, authortiiug the reorgani
tatiou of the militia,- ho has said that
" under the priueij.lihi of the great char
ter of freedom handed down 'to the peo
ple by the fouuders of the Republic, the
peopW wust be trusted with their govern
uieut." All this is encouragiug, and
seems to betoken a brighter future. The
worda of the , President are such us the
Ik-imwratic party wight cordially endorse.
But until his views hare assumed the
tangible form of a clear and consistent
policy which accords with the principles
he has promulgated, jt is too soon for that
party to give its unqualified approbation
td his course.
The war is over, the South-is disarmed
and the people of that section are willing
to abide, iu good faith, by the surrender
they have made, aad to. acquiesce in the
abolition of slavery. Mr. Johuson him
self is satisfied with the temper and spirit
they have maintained. According to the
principles of the Democratic party, the
work of reconstruction is easy euough.
A Democratic Administration would,
probably, garrison the more important
points in the Souths and withdraw the
soldiers who are in possession of Southern
towns and plantations. It would re-establish
the Federal Courts, and enforce the
Federal laws, and would leave the people
of tho several States to regulate their do
mestic affairs after the old republican
fashion. But how do matters stand to
day, both in the South and in the North?
The Federal Government retains posses
sion of property , in the. South which it
originally appropriated on the ground that
its seizure was a military" necessity. Civ
il officers are removed from - or appointed
to olficc by the military authorities Elec
tions have been conducted under the aus
pices of Federal . soldiers. Provisional
Governors are set up to rule over States
by proclamation of the President - News
papers are suppressed by otlended oiener-
als; " Plautcrs are ordered to employ cer
tain laborers by Government agents, who
also dictate the " amount of wages they
shall pay. uoverumeut iarms are being
worked in Maryland on lauds to ichicn the
Government has acquired no title, and
from tch fch tJte fumilict of the owners have
been artccn, pennnetis, into me uoria.
Provost Marshals arrest civilians in almost
all the Northern : States, and Military
Courts try citizens not in the land or na
val service. In briei, tho country has
not yet been placed in such a position by
Mr". Johnson s policy that he" Democratic
party can , with any show of consistency
or truth, unreservedly approve his course.
We are not uumiudful of the many diffi
culties by which the President is sur
rounded, lit is eminently proper that the
Democratic party should recognize these,
and should hail with applause every occa
sion on which he surmounts tnem and
make one step towards restoring the South
those rights which all parties have de
clared she would be justly entitled to at
the close of tho war. That party, it is
evident, is looking to him to place the
Government again upon a constitutional
basis, and only awaits the inauguration of
a policy tending directly towards that end
before it accords him that, unhesitating
' support. But the palpable facte ot the
day wholly rebut the declarations of cer
tain Iicmocratio ( on ventioiiH. that Mr.
JohnHou has ati-aitfnutfy tytr th- rrtrd
nflhe lh mot rut if jurti,it that his poli
cy, Uina lar, has been in strict accordance
with his teachings.
Wo certainly doiore most ardently the
iuocom of thn Democratic party, believing
that it contains in its ranks alt the really
onscrvntive men id' tho country. But if
jhat sueccwi is to be purchased by an aban
lonment oCjirinrtiif fur txtnlirnry, and
ly the tjrmest trlftultifration we vannnt
ire Air thn cnuntry will he much thr yiin
f. If it accepts to-day theories of gov
ernment which it "denounced yesterday,
tud approve of measures which it has
icrelotore earnestly condemned, it degen
iratcs into a mere combination of political
flace-huntcrs, whose victory or defeat will
only affect, for good or ill, the individual
composing it. Should it abide honestly
and zealously in tho faith it a hour of tri
umph is not tar distant, and it will come
forth from its fearful trial all tho purer
aud the stronger.
"rrotcrtl will Thy Elephant.'
In Columbiana county, Ohio, resides an
old fellow renowned for his belligerent
disposition, who is generally known as
Friend Shavey. Born and bred a Qua
ker, he was long p'uico read out of meet
ing on account of his quarrelsome propen
sities, but he still pertinaciously clings to
the plain clothes and the plain language
or his earlier day, possibly as a protection
against the wratlnamich he is continually
provoking by his overbearing and irritat
ing demeanor. Ho is always tho owner
td' the crossest dog in the uctghboihood,
tho most troublesome, breachy steers, &c.,
and is continually in hot water with some
ot his iio:ghiors m eousciiuence of the
depredations committed by his unruly
live stock. A few weeks wince Vau Aui
hurgh's Mcnagcfie. traveling through
Columbiana, was obliged to pass his resi
dence. A little before daylight, Nash,
the keeper of the elephant Tippoo Suib,
sm he wo nassin" over tho road with his
elephant, di-tcovered this pseudo-Quaker
seated upon a tettco upon the roadside,
watching a bull which he had turned out
upon tho road, and which was pawing
bellowing and throwing up a tremendous
dust generally. Iu fact, from tho fury of
the animal a demonstrations, ouo would
readily have taken him for one of the
identical breed that butted a locomotive
off a bridge.
"Take that bull out of the way I" shout
ed Nash, as ho approachod.
"Proceed with thy clei haut," was the
U "If you don't take that bull away he
will get hurt, continued .Nash, approach
ing, while the bull redoubled his belliger
cut demonstration.
. " Don't trouble thyself about the bull,
but proceed with thy elephant, retorted
Friend Shavey, rubbing his hands with
delight at the prospect of an approaching
scrimmage, the old lellow having great
confidence iu the iuviucibHty of his bull,
which was really the terror ot the whole
country around.
N Tippoo Saib came on with his uncouth
shambling gait; the bull lowered his head
aodmade a charge directly upon the ele
plant. Old TiptKK), without even paus
ing in his march, gave his cow-catcher a
sweep, catching the bull on the side,
crashing in his ribs with his enormous
tusks, aud then raised him about thirty
feet in tho air, the bull striking upon his
head as came down, breakiug Iub neck
aud killing him instantly.
" I'm afraid your bull has bent his
neck a little," shouted Nash, aa he passed
"Bent the devil," cried old Shavey,
with a troubled look at his defunct bull
" thy elephant is too hefty for my beast,
but thee will not make so much out of the
operation as thee supposes. I was going
to take my family to thy show,' but I'll
see thee and thy show blowed to blazes
before I go one step, and now thee may
proceed with thy elephant and be d d,
please;" the "please" being added as
Shavey took a second look at the propor
tions of the stalwart elephant-keeper.
Wilson ok the Diffebexcb i Abolition
Ranks. Hon. Henry Wilson, in a recent
speech at Yonkcrs, used the following
language t ' s
The llopublican party, then, nns written
its name lor justice, liberty and humanity,
while thb Democracy has ever voted against
all these measures for human liberty. They
say they support the policy of Mr. Johnson,
but I say they do no such thing. Did they
support the Constitutional Amendment ?
There is not a man in the country as strong
a supporter as Andrew Johnson Do you
fcnow how inueii tnore is in tnisamenaincnt
It authorizes the , Congress of the United
"Mates to make these staves emancipated in
all respects free men and citizens of the
United StateSi That provision is now en
dorsed bv more than twenty States, and I
tell you Congress will act up to it by ap
propriate legislation. Wo can declare null
and void any black code of any State, They
say thev are in favor of the policy of Andrew
Johnson. ' Dare they stand by him on this
measure ? They favor his policy of recon
struction,. Do they know what : is ? , There
are differences between us on several of these
points, but the ltepulican party was born of
tree discussion, has Uvea ana thrived, ana
conquered bv it. The President said to
me the other day that he hna never made
any discrimination between those who favor
negro suffrage or what is known as his
policy. That he is for free discussion, from
which would eventually eoine forth the truth.
And I tell you to-night, that there wilU be
in toe congress ot too Unitea States a bold,
free and candid discussion of all these ques
tions, and there will be no trouble between
us and tho President and Cabinet, we have
ability enough to settle those questions as
they arise. I have faith that all will be
settled so as to socure the liberties of all the
the people in all the States.
' There's a difference in time, you know,
between this country and Europe," said a
gentleman in New York to a newly arrived
irishman. "For instance your friends at
Cork in bed and fast asleep by this time,
while we here are enjoying ourselves in the
early even inc." 44 T"hat's always the way,"
exclaimed : Pat, 44Ircland niver got justfee
y. v .... , .
(I'Mm the f?t. Louts llepulilioiin.)
HO It 11 All! HV.H ItY Til 11 FltllllO.
tlll.VM lit ItllAI .
A late number of a paper published at
Shrcveport, contains the information that
Judge Wccms, of the Tenth District of
JiOiiisinna, and Sheriff Alder, of one of
tho eountio of that District, have been
placed under arrest by a petty potentate
who abuses tho functions of agent of the
Frcedmcn'a Bureau for that region. Hi
reason for putting them in durance seems
to bo that the one presumed to arrest, and
tho other to try a nearo who had been
guilty of horse stealing. Chaplain Calla
han, whom they so gro-sly offended by
their act, and who investigated the 44 out
rage" they committed, made a report up
on it, tho unimu of which is contaiued in
the following extract :
It is no uart of the design of the Bureau
t iuterfnre with th Luiio-SH of Judife
Wecma t'.nirt, eseept In a manner contem
plate! In this case. White men mav sue
each other bofori! him ft much as they please
nod we will not say a word. They may aell
eac h other out of house and home hy decrees
irom unoer ins nano, ani, so lar as tins jiu-
reuu is conceroeu, it will ik ail nutit. Jie
inny imprison and hangaa ninny white men
as he pleases, and no opposition will bo rais
ed by us, but ho must not touch a negro.
The enormous stretch of authority the
agent has indulged in, is so apparent to
our renders, that wo need not oiler even a
suggestion to that end. It is without a
shadow of right or reason, even if Judao
v eems wero the worst rebel m thoiaud.
because tho hitter was iu the exercise of
the plain judicial duty of trvins a crimi
nal, against whom the commission of a fel
ony was charged. But the agent has not
even the poor makc-shul ot an excuse,
that Judge Wcotus was a sympathizer
with the rebels in their late war against
the Government, to urgo as a pretext for
his arrett. It happens to be, on the con
trary, that ho is a gentleman of known
crsoual worth, high legal attainments,
and that, during the last four years, he
adhered with unfaltering fidelity to the
Union, when all around him failed in the
obligations that patriotism enjoined. Tho
ageut's motive, therefore, was ouo of wil
ful wrong, or one which grows out of that
utter oblivion of right and justice which
laitaueism inspires.
There are scores of such people as this
agent located throughout the South, as
olhcer, real or pretended, of the Freed
men's Burenu, and who might make mis
chief ad libitum, by encouraging and pro
tecting negroes in lawlessness, and insult
ing and tyrannizing over the white. Very
few of them are men who possess sense
and discretion proper for their position,
while very many are lunatics of the mama
cal stamp, or veritable scamps, who exer
cised low or. discreditable employments
anterior to the war. Some of these who
aro ignorant of all professions, and peculi
arly so of that of law, are set up as arbi
ters between blacks and whites, in so-call
ed Freed men's Courts, and assess punish
ments and judgments with forms of pro
cedure that shame the jurisprudence of
J udge Lynch himself. In one such Court,
recently, ip Tennessee, a; negro wench
swore theTbaternitv of her brood of 5t
children toiler former master; and the
latter, without even being allowed to trav
erse her statement, was ordered to iiro-
vide support in future lor the whole Jam'
ily, at an expense of many hundred dol
lars a year. In case he defaulted in pay
ment, his lands were to be seized and sold.
aud the proceeds applied to carry out the
order of the Court. Another Freedjnan's
Judge, who opened a Court in Georgia,
proclaimed that the freedom of the slaves
dated from the day on which President
Lincoln issued his proclamation of eman
cipation, and that they Were entitled to
recover from their owners for all work
dono up to tho time they quit their mas
ter's plantations. The negroes in his sub-
district forthwith proceeded to make the
most ot this opportunity, and went to
Court to register and swear to claims in
just such amounts as they pleased. The
agent then Catered judgment for them,
aud warned the masters to pay up within
a week, or take such consequences of lev
ies on their property, or imprisonment, as
he chose to bestow. -
Another flagrant case; which transpired
only a few days ago, is authenticated by
a special message of Mayor Tdmpert, of
Louisville, to the City Council of that
eity, dated on the Zoth ult.; ! ; ? ,
On the 22d instant t re
ceived a communication No. 1) from H. A.
McCalcb, Lieutenant Colonel and Superin
tendent of the Freedmcn's Bureau for the
city, stating that a freedwoman was lying
dead at the'Freodmen and Refugees Home
on Broadway, between Eighteenth and Nine
teenth streets, within the corporation limits
of the city, and that, as the Government had
declined burying any more of that class, he
expected the city authorities to do so. I an
swered, stating that I was not authorized un
der the circumstances to use the funds of the
city or its , credit for 6uch purposes ; that
sucn expenditure would pe trom my own
purse, and that l was unwilling and unable
to meet it.' The same day I, received a com
munication from Gen. Palmer, commanding
the Department of Kentucky, in which he
tejers iu mo vuse, uuu, m lerms uncompu
meittary and unmerited, declares hia inten
tion to bttry said, freodwomnn.and to charge
such expense to tho city of Louiaville, and to
compel thepayment offcalla in this case aud
an similar cases. omca then 1 have receiv
ed two other communications (marked four
auu uvej miunuing me oi otner acauis, and
other debts of the city in consequence. I
hold that as the freedmen were brought here
viiiiuui, vnv , uuueem vi we auworuics, ana
in direct violation of the laws of the State,
the Governmen t is the party responsible for
their presence here and is bound to bury such
as die here." " The' expenses in case of an, epi1
demio among them Would be enormous.
Such a calamity is not improbable, as great
numbers of them are huddled together in the
city living in tilth, and altogether, breathing
. . ' '.'-; -ft
And still another which th6 Mayor re
cords to the account of Palmer and his fa
natical officials in the same message :
In this connection I would callyour atten
tion to a case wnicn occurred only yesterday;
a negro woman assaulted and beat badly a
white lady, Mrs. ; Blevins, on Market, bo-
vwoeu xuignKcnia, ana Mneteontn Btreets,
Tim woman was very properly arrested by
officer Thos.'Antlc. This morninjr the talf.
i t ary son t a negro guard to take her out of
tail, and also st-ut a guard to arrest Mr.
There is no necessity for burdening our
already overcrowded columns with inoro
uch examples of the jostice f.) of Frced-
mau'a Courts, because they notoriously ex
ist in numbers sufficient to prove tho
whole Freedmen' Bureau system fcn abuse
compnred with which, all other crochets
and usurpations of Ldwin M. Stanton r
mild and merciful. A late dispatch from
Washington City intimates that President
Johnson will soon abridge the desnotio
power that lies in the hands of its em.
loycs. Tt him go further, and make'
is action decisive in proportion to tho
rank diabolism of tho evil, by turning out
Major General 2Ioward, Clerks, Adju
tants, and all, locking up the-ofrac and
pitching the records into tho Potomac ri ver.
Mrs. Jefferson 'Davis IwTEREeT-
ixo Incident. The Ariguata Constitu
tionalist says : A clerical friend of ours
in pn!?iMg through one of the street a
few day since to ' perform a ministerial
duty attending to the sick and wounded
in the hospitals encountered a stranger,
who accosted him thus: -
44 My friend, can you tell mo if Mrs.
Jefferson Davis is in the city of Augusta?"
iNo, sir, replied our friend. 44 she
is not.','
44 Well, sir," replied the stranger. " you
may be surprised at my asking ouch &
question; and more particularly so when
I iniorin you that I am a discharged Unit
ed States soldier. But, and here ha
evinced great feeling sir, that lady has
performed acts of kindness to me which 1
can never rorEret. hen semn-r in tho
Valley of Virginia, battling for the Union,
I received a -severe and dangerous wound.
A ((the same time I was taken prisoner
and conveyed to Bichmond, where I re
ceived such kindness and attention from
Mrs. Davis that I can never forget her ;
and now that I am discharged from tho
army, and at work in this city, and under
standing that the lady was here, 1 wished
to cull upon her, and offer to share with
her, should she unfortunately need it, tha
cent 1 have in the world. -
atcralizatiqx. We find the fol
lowing in the New York World : .
It is important that persons of foreign
birth residing among us should not forget
that the naturalization laws have under
gone an alteration which dispenses with
tho five years residence, in the case of'
persons who have served in the army. By
the act passed in 18G2, aliens twenty-one
years and upwards, who have served ia
the army and received an honorable dis
charge, are entitled to naturalization pa
pers without giving the previous notice
of their intention to become citizens re
quired by the former law, and it is neces
sary, in their ease, to prove only one year's
residence. . We commend this alteration
of the law to the attention of discharged
soldiers of foreign birth, and advise them
to procure naturalization papers in season
for the fall election. - . ; J : ; ; . U
The Constitution sayi that Congress
may pass ' uniform laws of naturalisa
tion." Where then has Congress, tha
power to say some foreigners shall be nat
uralized in one way and others in anoth
er ? But the Constitution has little to do
with legislation these times. f , i r "4
Falsb ArrxaaaKCES. The Jfew York
Sun warns its readers not to take the hectio
flush of seeming prosperity for the bloom of
real, personal or national health. . It there
fore soberly and wisely says i The ' Gov
ernment is in debt twenty-seven ' hundred
millions of dollars-rail contracted within the
lost five years. Every dollar of that debt,
which bears interest, is distributed among
the people, and every t&x payer must bear a
share of the burden according to tb taxable
valuation of his property. It matters not
how much of this interest ia paid by : direct
tax, or how much in the way of internal
revenue ; in one way or another it all rest
unon the nmtili.: and the eountrV At l&ffti is
just the said twenty -seven hundred million
dollars poorer than it would nave oecn. wun
out the war, to say nothing of the general
wastage of resource. : How is it, then, that -we
are apparently richer, while in reality a
great deal poorer, than before the rebellion?
The truth is that our present condition' is
unnatural, baseless, transitory. ; . The war'"
created an artificial prosperity, .which al
though' well enough for the individuals who
1 made hay while the sun shone,', was ficti
cious and unreal, so far as the country, waa
concerned."' " . " " ' '
Is it Jcstics ?4-The farmer or taechaaio
who, by hard labor, has. scraped .together
one thousand dollars' and loans it to his
neighbor, is forced to pay on the amount so
received ft tax to the trovernment and to . tho
State.-. The: shoddy contractor who has
made his five hundred thousand dollars y
cheating the Government and swindling the
soldiers, it he puts his , money in Uovern
ment bonds, is paid a greater interest thfta
the farmer or the mechanic loaning to, tut,
neighbor isr allowed to receive, and out of
the thirty-six thousand five hundred dollrjs
which he receives as semi-annual inter est
each year,";he pays no taxes . to the Gov era
ment he has swindled, none to the State.
county, township, or for school or road pur-
pOsesv''i:,"'f:'-"f vuii; S.'iumt Ma-Mat..
ar Plccs The nofses New York city
have necessitated a fashion of wearing plug '
in the ears.. ; These are' small cotton wads,
saturated with some delicate oil and inserted
in the ear,- as- suits the convo&ience or needs,
of the wearer. .The Home Journal . notices,
in con nection. with the ear-plugging fashion,
an 'a iUcIe for carrying these wads when they
aregfcot doing duty in the ear. It ia a small .
flat box, like a snuff-box, made oil-tight, so
as to prevent the escape Of the 1 liquid, and
thes8 boxes can b carried izx the vest pocket.
The Journal says that ladies attach the box
to a 44 little "gold ring, bung from the neck
simply confined to the belt or admitted to
the elyaium neai by" - 1.
, The Port Byron (N. Y.) Times Eayt that
several persons near Auburn ''iave recently
beea fatally stung by Iifge Wona that in
fested tomato vines, ueatlv ensuing within a
few hours. The worm is about three, iaohe
long, of a green color, and armed witholaws
and nippers, with a black horn xiea4iaS
jn irpotj t&ree.-fourtfts of (H weh long.
-"- - jBf