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.STATE RIGHTS DEMOCRAT.
? M2T IT PASS. - ,
Bo not swift to take offence ;
f l; --. . Let it pass!
r1 Anger 5s foe to tense
Let it pass !
t .Brood not darkly o'er a wrong
" Which will disappear ere long :
Rather sing this checy S'ng
" J t ,5 . , : . T- It it puss I , .
t;. . " Let it pass !
Strife corodes the purest taiud ;
l Let it pass !
As the unregarded wind,
i ' Let h pas I
'Any vulgar socls that live
May condemn without reprieve, j
Til the. twbit who forgive.
, Let it,jas I
- Lit ft pass I
Echo not an angry wotiI ;
' t !: : - -f Let it pass I -j
Think how often you have erred ;
cc - . . Let it pass I j. i
Fineo onr joy must pays way
Like the dew-drops on the spray,
Wherefore should our sorrow stay?
Let them pass !
& Let them pass I
IT for good you're taken ill.
Let it puss !
Time at last makes all tilings straight;
Let us not resent, but wait,
Anl e&f trnthlf a snail t preat;
I.et it pass I
Let it pass I
Bid your Jtngrr to depart ;
Let it pa?s !
r-,..j ( Lay these homely words to heart ft..?
I.ct it pa.s I
Follow not the giddy throng ;
Setter to be wronged lhan wrong ; .
" Therefore sing the ebiery wcg "'
" Let it pass I
FaicHTrrL 'Accident. A dispatch' from
Uerae, Switzerland, July 20th, mts:
fartfeoTaH Rave len reeeived here of a
fatal accident . .which i occurred on Mount
Cervin, upon the 14th injtant. Iurd Vran
ris lVriiglas, aed l'J, Str. Why m per. Charles
Hudson, ad Mr. lladdo, all met atXermatt,
and lxinff desinms of acvompltshinx the as-
rcrA of Mount Cervin, or Matterhorn, which
make the attempt m a party., Xtyr. Jlmls,u
had lriHtght frout Limdon siue wire npe to
taeintate the aseer.t ; I u Cmttn that -Mr
Whrxaper wns ready proceed, he left his
apparatus. at his hotel, and started from
jwrmatt With the gentleman aIove named.
aix :-ipanied. bv the euides, Michael Cr, of
Chaoountx, and Tangwald, with the. two
sons of the latter. None of the party , ex
pected to reach the summit on this occasion,
wishing only to discover some way to the de
n4d point." One of Tangwald's n even
returned to the village. The party passed the
night at the foot of Mount Cervtu. On the
followaig dayT Ending the ascent would be
easier than was anticipated, they pushed on
and arrived at the summit at 2 i . At 3(
o'clock they were descending the mountain,
Ore leading the way, folhwed hy Lord F.
IXniglaSj Messrs. IIaddo, Ilud6n and
W jt; ifr, and the two Tangwalds, the whole
partT being connected ly Hie same rope.
Lord F. IVegfas hapalngto ft'ip, Wtused ;
Croz and Messfl Ha l lo and Hudson to fall
also. Tangwald, tlie father, the last of. t lie
party, was able to pass the end of the rope
numtfocky rejection, but it broke be-!
tween Messrs. Whymper and Hudson, and'
lh4 Thar "f rst namelv. Croz, the Guid,
lJ6rd F. Doislas, and lessrs. Haddo, and I
Hudson rolled down the mountain side, and
were precipitated frotu. rock, to nk, to ft
depth of 4,0iX) feet. The survivor. arrival at
Zetinatt, at 10 o'clock, on the morning of
the 15th instant. The bodies of the victims
f tie catastrophe were recovered tho came
The Dry Tortucas. The group of keys
or small islands, to which O'Laughlin, Dr.
Mudd and their fellow-convicts have been
pent, compose the " Dry Tortugaj," and
are about on hundred nnd twenty miles
west, of Cape Sable, in Florida. They are
tea fa number, and consist of a coral forma
tion, with little vegetation except mangrove
bashes that re worthless shrubs incident to
wampy places in that latitude. A light
house stands upon of' the larger islets, and
another one form the site f Fort Jefferson,
a'Jarge fortification which has been in course
of e region for many years, , and is not, yet
completed. At the beginning of the war it
was garrison bywtlyOneeompaoydf artillery,
hut was never seriously threatened by seces
sionists, itb position being so insolatcd as to;
defy capture except by a naval attack, the
means Tor Which were wot at tleir command.
The islands are so barrea and. uninviting
that o vessels approach them excepting Gov
ernment transports. The latter go to sup
ply jlho garrison, and convicts with food, the
islAa$4 tJiniTwlvel furiiishingnijthing in the
way of eul8!stence. The convicts, who dum
ber about five hundred and fifty, are made
f of!!a?',.eserT,'Bd sldicm who
biWe tctjatjijed fisft grave 5niWt4i
milHarv law. Thm e&l labor ehieflv. if
fortiDoations. ihc oinaate is disaxeeably
hot 6f ccrerse',-afrJ nVasJwitoe And igaHj
po" vpEd but4Ue. islands, are. somewhat
fe.fieMtifilHiaM ' yeRowfever thVa
the adjacent Cuban and Floridlan coasts
..... m . i. , --..Vi, ...
Foe asd Against Tobacco. All the evils
of smoking) stiys Pr.1 lljchurdsooate func
tional in character, and no confirmed smok
er so long as he indulges in the habit can ev
er be said to b welly but itjioe.not follow
that he is to become the subject or organic
or fatal disease because he smokes. - Soiok-
ing produces disturbances in the blood, on
the stomfith ia the iieart,;on the organs of
the sense, on the brairi von the mucous aiem
brarve of the mouth $nd threat.. and on the
broiifchiaV surface he-hings.- Tii" tte
like at that tobacco mokc causes specific -diseases,
such as insaaityi epilepsy, consump
tion, and chronic bronchitis, Dr. Richardsim
considers as devoid f ;truth--The atrophy
of the, optic nerve, said to. Tjc "produced by
tobacco .sraoking, was at one time strongly
questioped i but the more extended observa
tion seems to have confirmed the dependence
of the disease on tobacco. Put down the
amokers in Great Britain at a million. Why
should a million of men be living with stom
achs CM only partial'.y digest, heart that
Itfro anna rurally, and blood that is not fully
oxii:st?d? In a purely philosophical point of
view,. tie question admits of but one answer
rri: that the exisience of such a million of
- impvrfocdv. working living organisms is a
natiial absurdity a picture suggesting a
mania, fool ish, ridiculous, and incom prehen
eible. And yet Dr. Richardson considers to
bacco " the least harmful of luxuries." " It
is innocuous," he says, "as compared with
alcohol ; it does infinitely less " harm than
cpiura ; and by tlie side of high living it alto
gether extras ts most favoraUy." . .
.::.;.l " ; - :- it J . r
Jaw-Beleairs. Zn a poem by IIo5man,
the Genaaii poet, who was expelled from the
Prussian dominions, and the admission f
his works jruh.2jlted the following huge
'Wiira e ppcera : fcteuerverweigerungverlas
wsu26mraa8sighcrechtight,T-,?- ? meatung' a
maa who is exempt by the Constitutioa from
psyin g taxes. - "ft e oursel v liave heard of a
patlenma, a member of theMarrionettensc
bauspieikaussengeeelisehaft, who was aid
to be an excellent performer on the Constan
Tiwexpulaloa afeucha poet Baight have
been a SSi&ie 'necessity. It is hardlr ikhu.
alLle that Prueoia could hive contained llog'-
raan and many of his words He would
wprrj the telegraph at a cent a word, for a
hundred words ; the Atlantic eabl 'could
It var or saake rtisa, fcr theswt-
A COSTLY SES ATOIl.
Renntor Nesniith left Walla Walla last
Thursday, intending to visit the lloise alid
Owyhee wines, and lento Salt Lake Ciiv for
M. Louis on the 1st of October, with a mili
tary escort provided for his safety. States
man, oepti tutu. . ;
Sinee when, we wonder, has it become
a privilege of U. S. Senators to be pro
vided with military feseort Senator
N'esniith receives about. $1,000 mileage.
That amount ought certainly to'pny his
way by liny route which can be travelled
from Oregon to Washington. To mako
the pe;ple furtlier pay in order that he
may go saft ly is rather presumptuous in
lira,' ire think.; But Senator e?mitb
seems thave a penchant that way. Al
though nearly his first business on Wis ar
rival at Washington, Ijust after his elec
tion, was to pry into the mileage account
of his predecessor, ; Gen. Lano, and to
send word back to his orgttu iu - Oregon
that that gentleman had drawn eortstruct
ive mi!etee!for'i lieVtfe'" session, and
this was done purposely .to tvure Ireueral
Lane, the sawe;h.ofrinti, virtuous Sen
ator Ncsmith. two years afterwards first
voted to himself anil then drew from the
Tederal Treasury, about 520,000 con
structive mileage, whilst he had never
travelled one mile to or from his hotne
to warrant the honest payment of the
moneyr ;;The same tueu who so ahuive-'
ly ceaisured A5eu. line for receiving
?G,000 which he had not voted to him
self, tut had taken in accordance with
usage, could not, however, diecovor any
thing censurable ia - their favorite, Xes
muh, or having, contrary to any prece
dent, to all usage, voted to himself $23,
000. for three constructive mileages in a
This last extravagance of Senator Nes
mith's is more extraordinary than his
nuleageleitortiou from the pockets of the
people. The gcntlcra;in iuut have a
fondness for military escort. If we re
member rightly, he went to view the bat
tle of Chickamauga There he became
almost paralyted with far, and General
Thomas to save hiia from capture by the
rebels, ordered a military eseort to con
duct him to A place of safety, very far in
the rear. That escort may not have cost
the Nation much, however. Now, he
comes back to Oregon, and is provided
with 50,000 mileage to pay his travelling
expenses here and back to Washington
he will also be pretty certain to come in
for a handsome eum for his "extra servi
ces" as one of the Senate Committee to
lok into the affairs of the Indian De
partments in Oregon aud Washington.
And yet, on his way back, when he could
go by steamer very safely and so will
he draw mileage for the five or six thou
sand miles of steamer route instead of the
three thousand miles of overland road he
will actually travel he journeys leisure
ly across the country, guarded by a mil-
tary escort. It is the first instance of the
kind we ever heard f. In autocratic and
monarchical Kurope, Emperors, Kings,
Queens, Princes and Noblemen, high dig
nitaries and ufBeialsarc attended on their
journeys by military escorts; and, we
grieve to say, the practice has for two or
threctaW fast been Copied by the Exec
etivc at Washington. But this is the
first insucetNw believe, in which a Sen
ator has feecured to himselfat the eost- of
the people an annual escort FoV his safety
-over a ; road too which hundreds daily
travel without protection of the kind. It
ss about the' only thing ' Senator Nesmith
has exhibited originality in, and perhaps
it pughi-'to be Tattfe?! foV'this o1e reason ;
and yet Vi '"fi'm the lapplicatioh not the
style itself "Tsvfglnal-orlK; but ape
the nobility of Europe in this, asfnoba of
other tastes ctipvjheni in dross, tone, dis
piay, ixc. xi is worm wniic to note tnei
iwii iukii uu a. otuawr can uc piutiuuu
with a military escort : for himself across
the plains, emigrants who come to this
Coast ara not lurnished with any ) nor
can troops be ''f pared to fight hostile In
dians who mfest the mining reons, but
they are at ..once .furnished, to a scared
Senkto Lb dares "siots travel unless sur-
riunde(Irby .soldiers."."-. Senator Jfesmilh
Blight have gone by steamers to the .cast.
and saved the people all this extra cx-
pease j nowever, ne may uave remcmoer-
bered that several years ago 6ome of the
na'Svei daTthtj'Isflirtti attacked passe h
ger there, and ol course they might do
so again; and there he might be unable to
procure protection of, au eseort-for his
safety. There is one thing in which per
haps most of the people of Oregon will
agree that if it be necessary to provide
Senator .Nesmith a military escort to re-
tuxa him to the State, the people any
where at the East are welcome to keep
him amongst them. , He is not so useful
to or valued by-the people of Oregon that
they would consent to go the expense of
a military escort to bringTiim back here.
Although hcjias never spared Oregon in
the way of coot and. outlay,. Oregon will
most cheerfully consent to return good for
evil, and spare him for Jail time to come."
No man can put his finger on ia measure
for the benefit of this State that Senator
Nesmith.has intxoduced ia the Senate or
had passed; but the instances in which
he has catered to his , own interests are
manifold. lie is a costly, hut most useless
: Father O'Eeilev. Catholic nriest at Ifew-
Pt, R. I., has denounced the Fenian Broth
erhood in the severest. Irmi &mi tbr!itn(vl
any of his flock with excommunication and
4eprivatHm f th right of Christian burial
0rce cffea ia New Yorfc are twice as
ocjvu wua year a they were last.
Tlin ELKCTIOX IX liKXTfCKV,
military Outrages Soltllc-rs Pre
Yfiit leiHorrl from Voting---A
ltemorratle Sltertir felMl.
The following accounU of Abolition
outrages nt the lute election in Kentucky
are espied from dispatches to tho Cincin
nati and Chicago papers. They suf
ficiently show in what manner the party
in power moan to carry elections, mid
how little regard they have for the Act
of their own Congress which prohibits
military interference at the polls. 'Thank
(lod, such outrages are not permitted in
Oregon. Our L-emocracy will never sub
mit to the like :
IjKXIxoto.v, Ky., Aug. 7.
The most flagrant attempt were" made
here this morning to carry the election
by the aid rf the military power. A list
of proscribed pcr.Mns hd been made out,
by souio self-eonstituted Cotnmiitee of
Public Safety, and was placed in f he
hands uf. a military officer. Every .one
whose name appeareil in it was nrrested
If he appeared near the polls. .There was
no apHv.ti ironx tne, list, antl a willingness
to take the test bath V,f Gov: HranJeUe
did not save the -prweribettr. IVivate
malice, iu many -es, was tln only insti
gator of the proscription. ; . . .
The following, telegraphic, correspond
ence, between the SheriiT of this county
and tiov. bramletto. shows the situation ;
liKXIMiTOX. Aug. 7.
To Gov. T. I'. UaA.MLtxjK, Frankfort.
Kciituc ky :
A militarv focre occupies both votins
places in this city, an 1 have arrested
thrte men, one for voting, and two for
being in the Court llon-e, intending to
vote. Thcreu)on the efficers of the. elec
tion in vue , preciuct dcclinejl ,t.i go on
w.th th election nnder tnilttary uictai
tton. 1 he Sherilf nt one precinct was
arrested, 'ahd taken to lieaihi'rters;whiIo
in the dicharg f his duties. The t iii-
tens stand in front of tlie iwUs txaA .indi
cate t th stdtlicrs th'r-e wh' are not en
titied to vote, and all such so pointed out
are not allowed to present themselves to
the Ju lure
What shall I do f
W. W. loi lE?r,
Sheriff Fayette County.
Fkaskfokt. Aug. 71
To W. W. Dorr. its:
Tho officer of Hhe elections should be
entirely free from ny military dictation
or menace. The militarv has no right to
interfere unless when called upon to sup
port the authority and decision of the oGi-
.. t. " n... t.
,, .. i- .i tr , c ' i ,, v t
the action of the olhcers ot election, lv
tK ,on;t ,rv- i 5, rUtinti of br ,r
-i e.i.. o .
nunisnaitfe iv mo taw- ur iiw riaie. ani
by the act of (Angress.
ith the arrest
of individuals neither the ofiicers nor my
self have anything to do.
What the Ctmstitution aud laws of
Kentucky lay down as the rule flr elec
tions is the only rule to be observed. If
prevented from observing these rules. I
would not proceed with the election. It
should be free, and according to law, cr
not be at all. .
T. E. Dbamlettk.
.Governor of Kentucky.
The indiscreet. zeal of the amendment
party has alienated many of its best friends
and inflicted a Waterloo defeat upon the
cause of freedom ui Kcutucky, from which
no speedy . recovery may be expected.
The Conservative ticket has carried every
thing in this region, notwithstanding the
polls ia tome of their strongest precincts
were closed because the Judges refused
to qualify? under military dictation.
Shaukly will beat Fry bat loisf
majority. The Conservatives will have a
Lirgo Mjority in the. next Legishiture. I:--
.,(, , ? ,V OlXCtSNATlAilg. T.
Never in tho history vf . the tnited
States were there such infamous outrages
committed, as toot! place at the polls i n
Newport and Covington, to-day. A sworn
affidavit is prepared, in which J, EL Hall,
and other .leading. Democratic 'citizens,
state that thev went' to the polls. The
military guard stopped them, and the fol
lowing colltkuy'took place : '
JSoldierJifj'jiut ofr the-'dwiloUbqx, aud
bayonet presented Where are you go
i i . i i
Vote. ." i ' :! . '. i '. t
.Soldiepr-f'No, sir, you can't vote."
Voter lA't tho Judges decide this
matter after I have been sworn and made
a full statement of my loyalty, &?."
Soldiers ' .No, sir, we-sutdfijetwoou
yott' andUie. JudgCsj and Sfy6u don't
leave we will ptttyott in the gnard-titiU.'ie. ?
Thuswa treated a -large ;ntfmber ol
voters: rThis is-" tho record. ?- WriHthdi
President or Congress" Indorse such infa
mous proceedings ?
I The reported result to-night l?rthat the
ReTpvihircanWlrave elected their ticket by
a small majority in th5 distrl6tnacross the
river. The' result In other parts ot the
State is not yet reported; ' In Cynthiana;
owing to tlie iiilerlercnce of the military,
tlte J udge-'closed 1 the- polls iki afrcaftv
; A Democratic Sheriff who was on duty
at the polls in Newport, was arrested and
is. in prisonK Several arrests by the mili
tary .ha va taken pkco, and great excite?
. Presiwext Johnson's 'PosiTio.-The
Washington correspondent of the Missouri
Democrat (Abolition) says :
A well-known editor of aprominent North
ern journal said' to the "President The
Democracy say yo will yet be found with
them ;"tlu you "have always been a good
Democrat, aud will always go remain." - "Do
they?" responded Mr.. Johnson, " well, sir,
you. are at liberty to tell all uch gentlemen
that while as President, I shall endeavor ti
drop any partisan -character, certainly .am
not prepared to d;more than pray Jbr; Uidse
who despitefully usq me. I think they stand
in need of prayers, and its all I can do for
theml'1 ti A friend " told me lately that Jin
talking with the President about the BJairs,
he wittily remarked that: the only trouble
about the elder Blair waa that he had not the
propriety to die-when his term of usefulness
had expired, adding, "and that time, sir,
was a long time ago an all-fired long time
ago." - ..- - A
; The wealthy agricultural county of Santa
Clara, ual., has Ziu,uou acres lenceu m, oi
which IdUjOOO are under cultivation. Mie
lias 879,900 grape vines and 420,000 apple
trees. Her harvest for this year will foot up
35,OOU tons of hay, I35,0(WJ bushels ot wheat,
100,000 of barley, fiO.OOO each of oat and
potatoes, and 4,000 of corn,
- i From Hie New York lsy Bonk.
Tho Future Course of the Itemoe
It does seem to us, with all due defer
ence to the opinions of others, that the
path which the Democracy should walk
in is so plain, that a way-faring man,
though n fool, need not err. Four vears
ago, a war was inaugurated ostensibly for
tho purpose of saving "the best govern
ment on earth." That govcrtfmnt, found
ed by Washington and his co-patriots, had
given to the American people nn tintram
eh'd development;' It had hot conferred
blessings, for government is, at best, a
necessary evil. It, however, performed
the true functions of government.' It
had rrxtniintil and ilrffitnl the ?fforrS of
those who would use it as ati instrument
ot oppression, or selfish ambition. To the
unthinking, it seemed us if the govern
ment had conferred upon the people the
amazing prosperity with which they were
blessed. F.spccially did this seem to be
the case, when our condition was com
pared to that of people under other gov
ernments. Hut after all, the real cause
of. the difference between our own coun
try nhd 'others, was that government here
had Invu confined W its legitimate: pur
poses, and our prosperity and happiness
were simply the result ot the natural free
dom, nn I the impulsive energies or a peo
ple, when the true order of society is uot
interfere 1 with.
All th:. is now changed. The revolu
tion in the administration of our system
is complete, and we seem to be rapidly
inarching on to on utter overthrow -v n
of the y stem itself. The checks and
balances of State and Federal authority
are totally disregarded. The States are
becoming mere dependencies of the cen
tral l ower. Kleelons are set aside, as
in -Virginia, or inaiiged, even in times of
peace, by tuiht-tryorders, (set Gen. Pal
mers ukase in Kentucky), and that, too,
in States never claimed to have been in
" rebellion." An official of the Treasury
Department writes a threatening letter
amint States which have presumed to
exercise their constitutional prerogative
of taxing the property within their limits.
Martial law still sets enthroned to do thej
bidding of a Urownlow iu Tennessee or a
Turner in Vtrgin:c When the " rebel
lion ' wa-s suppressed, wo were told that,
all those usurpations were to cease; but
power i- too sweet to be tjnietly yielded
up, and if these experiments upon (he
temper f the people go on, there will
soou be no law left for the protection of
the citizen anywhere. Our vernment
in fact, as well as in name, will be set
aide, and a military despotism locate it
self at Washington, crushing the liberties
ol the people ami cursing tliem with deht.
, 1 1 , . t
l,al l J" a,,u
of a government that
is not re
strained in it proper sphere.
Now. it is the business of the Peutoc
r;icy, as friends of a true republican gov
ernmcnt. to restore the reign of the old
system. We should plant upon our lin-
ners the Constitution ol 187$ the Fed-
a . a a na
cral L nion : the Kiirnts ot the Mates :
White Citizenship ; Free Speech ; Free
Press; Habeas Corpus; Equal Taxation;
Specie Currency, and the restraining d"
the Federal (iovernuicnt to the few and
simple purposes for which it was intended.
We must get rui of this bloated monster
which now gulphs down the liberties of
uiillioiis of people at a single swallow, li
sits now like a great demon, grinning
ghastly smiles over a land once as fair as
the (tarden ot Eden, now, alas I a vale of
woe' aud misery, where the lamentations
of widows and orphans and tho groans of
captives are the only sounds that fill the
air. lake Saturn, he has timed to the
unnatural business of devouring his own
children. Better, a thousand times, that
we hud no government, or that the Fede
ral power was reduced to a few clerks and
iiirents. rather Hum have 'Washington the
seat' of secret inquisitions and military i
commission, with their inevitable trairi !
of pimps, spies, and informers, and the
whole noxious brood ot vermin which in
fest the purlieus of such tribunals. If
wc permit this feature to become "a fix
ture, aud, iu a sparsely setthTd country
such as ours, the monster despot,' With
his thousand legs and arms reaching in
every direction, can make himself safe
front any uprising of the friends of lib
erty. ere tho-people concentrated at
of! a ear tho centre of despotism . they
might, with one passionate burst of pa
triotism, free their country from the do
minion of tyrany, and restore the sway of
law aud order. ' But such is not the case.
Americans have, to work out,' their deliv
erance, iiot liy fury and passion,-but by
the slow process of educating public opin
ion. Through P tho .ordinary . forms of
political action we are destined to restore
tlie sway of the Constitution and the Laws,
or 'elso this generation " will jneverssee
them. It can be done with all ease, if
wo but w7H .it. Will it, and shean be
free," was the rallying cry of France when
she overthrew' the Bourbons. " The Dc-
mocfacy have but to will it, and they can
be successful.. Every impulse of the peo
ple, every cherfehod memory, every aspi
ration of patriotism animates the hearts
of tho masses for the old government.
ThpJ Democracy have . but to. lay hold of
this '- issue, bear it aloft,- and victory Will
perch upon their banners. " But if they
will npt do this, if they acquiesce even
in the slightest degrre, in the Abolition
revolution, they will be shbrh of popular
favor, and deserve an. ignouiinious and
Anxexatiox in Canada.- A late New
York, letter to the San Francisco Bulletin
,.'& Provincial Parliament is pow in scs-l
sion at Queliec, and letters irom that place
indicate a growing feeling among the Canaj
uians in iavor oi annexation ro , me unueu
States. It is said that one-third of the Par
Uanientarv Jmembers are in favor of ,it, and
.It'll.! L ' 1. - ' A .1 ' J A
uiai ail tuatia wautea; w earry me project
through to success is a bold and firm leader.
The speech in the lower House in response
to the tiovernor-tieuerartf address was par
ticularly complimentary to the valor of the
United States in war, and its streugth and
power in peace, and was trequently . greeted
witn the English ; " Hear, near I exclama
tion. In the midst of the excitement and
varying feeling, the Ministry have become
somewhat alarmed, and will, it is understood,
abandon for the present session both the con
federation and too frontier defenses schemes
Gen. George B. McClellan is aid to be a
candidate for the position of engineer of
Western railroad, with a salary of $10,000 a
year, . - " 1 !- - ;.' ;:"
5 Tho publication of the National Era is to
be resumed at Washington, after a lapse of
five years. : wiu advocate negro auftrage
NECillO AftJFFRACiE AND KKfMO
Over all creation.
In tho rhumb and Torum,
Jl ack nmi while re rated
Wort h in ertrfr-rtteU
By tlie fi nn and figure ;
Won't ynu fetd elated,
Equalled to the "nigger T
Everywhere we iti
Though we du nut like it.
Blank and wLito united.
M'e are not fartidinti .
Can put np with either ;
)t protect OS. llcav n. .
From a race of uci i her 1
f 'urli'y-headvd U-aclicru,
IVoolt-y -headed employers,
Mixed in everything,
Keilhor white nor black
Neither wotd nor hair I
W.nnea rlad in sable, J
Wbite an whil ean be
Iiundinj? on the knee t
Little eiwn b'anty,
Jnt the very fljure
Of the woman' hnsband
North Carolina nigger!
: Pee that high official,
And hw lovely bride
lo an oiM-ii boafrei
Seated cide by Slo
lie of MaMa-hus'tu.
Haughty too as liades,
Plie a Uninea sobhv
1'lai k a at of pades I
M. . r jT. 'i"1T
Grand regr Celcbratien in w
Th' negroes generally bad grand demonstrations,
in tho Eastern cities on the lt of August, In honor
ef the Emancipation in the West Indies years ago:
The celebration in New York cUff was particularly ,
noticeable.. We append the following extract from
a report of it iu oue of the New York papers :
At a festive board more decorated than the rest,
" a yallcr flower of the forest" thns rehearsed, in
the language of a dii'tingnti-hcl fellow-ciliicn, an
apical to the oiio-oU people - . t
' 'M.-irifipaled Ureddren ; T'id enr.y oh you eb
her hear wot the Rebercned Xassa V?, of New
York. sel 'Iwnt tlie blesed Lard f NrMeT? I
tonght not. Most ob you habent got no diekshun
ary larnin. and Is as ignorant as groundbov.
Wtlt, he scd le good Lard was dark ctmideetel.
the name it you and me is. Andde white folks in
New York blame tbar ugly pietrs dcy mobbed
him for speaking de troof. Ye, I say do tro-f !
For. hein horn in Africa, bow could he he white?
Ie fust white uuta tMw seen in Africa was a mis
sbinary, and de waru't no missionaries no wham
previous to the year anna d mino. fur that was the
year tho bre.s.-d Lard was born, and there was
nuthin to preah ab-nt tell h-! eum. Tharfore,
Rn?lerend Massa Cox was right ; and now let os
Sing the folk-ring him. whiih I hub rote for this
Inierenting "cash in."
The deep fueling with which this superb exhor
tation was reei-Wcd, grand and iiiioiing as it
scetneil. w s but a whimper lo the grand inloDition
given by all hands (for they dapped them) and
heart?, fr y-u -ould alraot bear the lato-r beat,
to the subjoined hrme," as the " yaller flower"
obstreporously announced iU The Cino.i!i.
emenates from the same high sonrce that betwc4
the scrinon :
Wc's nearer to de Lord
Inn to de whit folks an dey knows It,
Pee do glory -gate unbarred
Wa'fc in darkeys pnst de guard
llt-t yer a dollar be won't close it.
Walk in larkies troo de gate
- Hark de kullun-d angel. holler '
'way while folks, yon're Uki late,
We le winnin tul'i-r. Wait.
Tell de trumpet blows to folk-r.
Ileblien bres good Massa Cox!
He took d -wn dem pru i Kawkaidans.
X more Lnrds wi;h auburu lock,
Kullend Ph pht rd-w..olly 1.k ks
We's dc br.sed L irds relashins.
nalklnjah ! t inks to raie,
L-mg tnough we've borne onr crosses.
Now we's de mp -riur race.
And wid tl irrjinihty's grace
We's goin to HMiea afore de bosses."
Cnom s :
HeblH.-n bress good Massa Cox !
lit: took donu dem proud Kawkasiaas.
A Vliite Boy Flojrspd lo Death.
A Uitc ew York paper gives the following :
A resident of Harlem informs the Kew .York
Tribune, th:it a boy of fourteen year, the son of
bis wilowet mother, r 'Uunittofl a petty otlinse,
for wbieh his employer eansed him to be SJiit to
iIms House of Kefugo, where a floggiu was admin
istered that e-iused tho bid's deatb. The inform
ant adds : " Pttvt hed on a box. be Was flogged on
1ih arrival, and the eastigntiufl was again repvutod
lien be lil not or could not perlorin the tak
allotted to him. iK-atli came with so little warn
ing, or the summon of the aaother to the -dying
hed of her boy was w long dulaved. that she ar-
,iTed only to seethe last gasp of him who a few
days before bad entered that institution a hale and
handsome boy. There was not a dry : eye, says a
spectator, at the agony of that mother when she
den6bnceT the men who had scourged h.-r boy to
We hear of no Puritan-Abolition condemnation
of this savage mnrder. Alas, the boy was white.
his widowed mother poor.. That's what's the mat
ter! ' But had he been black, atyl his mother a
slave, how the sanctimonious howlers would have
shrieked and stormed over the'" Inhuman, barbar
ous butchery by tho slave owner!" '' They"! Would
have puMished it lb every Abolition organ, under
flamiujr display headings, sent exaggerated ac
counts of it all over the land, end cried aloud for
vengeance. As it u, the butchered boy was white
and his mother poor. It was a heinous crime in
them both, this thing of color and condition, in
Abolition eyes, bnt tho boy hasj, they. wil add,
received bis just rewardnd his .mother very
properly suffers for her murdered boy's eomplexMh
and her own poverty... Puritan iam is, perhaps,
partly satis led. . , .. ,, , -.:;.,
MjijtaT Tviusst. Below is civen a para
graph copied from a lute Eastern paper. : It shows
that military tyranny is still kept up br the States
under "loyal" rule. As if afraid that evea that
arrant kuavo aud bypocjrije, ..Parson Brownlow,
Governor of .Tennessee, waa riit arbitrary 'enough,
the Administration eommanda. its : militrary vice
roys to usurp the law in order, that vengeance, not
justice, be done against all who decline to- slavishly
bovf to its mandates, policy and support. Here is
the paragraph : ' . 1 ' ' ' " ' 1 ' '"
uen. rnomas writes to rarson urownlow as
follows, in regard to tho arrest of Mr. Etheridge
I am only waiting the report ftom Colonel Do
vassy to determine my course as to bracrson
Eihuridge. If he has been guilty of the language
charged against him, tie V -tlearlf-amennble to tAe
mtlttarjf authorutet, in tne absence of civil, and
liable to be tried before a military commission.
My attention has been called to the' speeches of
other parties ; bot as vot I have not seen any re
port that would justify the interference of the
military authority. If,- however, ; there he, in the
judgment of Government, at any time necessity for
such interference in consequence or inability or
indisposition on tho part of the civil authorities
of tho State to take action, any expression of such
a desire on the part of. the Governor, stating the
inability or indisposition of the civil authorities to
act, will be sufficient, and I will en use the parti et
complained of to be attended to aceordtxy to tne
nature their ease. . - . ; ;
Emigration fbo Gehhant. The Depart
ment of State has received advices from the
United States Counsul at Bremen sin which
it is represented that during the first six
months of this year, from January lBt up to
Juue last, 18Go, the emigration to the United
States through the port of Bremen amount
ed to 18.700 emigrants, in 56 vessels, against
15,603, m 62 ships, in 18G3.V During the
first six months in 1865 the .emigration
through Hamburg amounted to 15,600 emi
grants, which gives a total addition to our
population of nearly 34,600 souls in six
months. , And from these' two ports only a
far larger emigration to tho United States is
expected this fall and next spring, and
an unusual number of vessels have already
been chartore-1 for thai purposa. ,
OaTTiio TiftRb or TrnAssr. Evch Some of
the more rnp;rtnble Abililiin organ are bece
ing tired of the eontinnanee of the arbitrary m
tarv rule praetieed In fhe blale. Seme wee
ago, Gen. Howard, eoiHrnanditiR in Maryland, is
sued an order commanding the former glavebold-,
ers in that State to feed, clothe and take care of
all negroes who wero nnablo from any cnuse to
funport tbcmselecs. To this extraordinary order,
the New York Commercial, an able Abolition or
girti. responds as follow :
TM U afort anl 'eVyy method of wttlinjr
vexed (juration, "hot H'rslTlJ'int as opprewive, arbi
trary and wronghended as it well "ean be. Why
not insuu an order eompcHing hulnrs'men at (be
North to pcuyinii their employes "eftt f"r labor,"
and farmer to provide fr the support of th
who have " worked for them," and became fnes
paeitaled by reawin of agV? or other eaure? Under
slavery, masters had Ihe oblijralion and generally
felt it) of Mipnorfiug their slaves till death or Ihe
auction Mock did them part But now, that lbs
law of slavery has ceased, the customs of the in
stitution fall with it. and idle or poor or nuperan-nuaU-'d
negroes ean no longer be made a personal
ehargeHpon htte owners. Those late slaves have
tirecWety the claim upon their late masters thas
iaborers have upon their employer elsewhere, and
whatever that claim may be, it in a subject for
State and not for (cdcral execution.
Ha Hts Nose P cut to. The Missouri Ilepub-
liean caljs np to recollcetion the fullowing incident
connected with the present Secretary f Wars
The Felton spoken of is likely to be the next C.'l
P. Senator from Califovnia, to succeed Conness.
He is prominent lawyer of San Francisco :
When Edwin M. Ptanton lired In California,
Bd practiced at the B in Pan Francisco, he was
as ready to play the bnily as be has sine been in
the War Office. Encountering Felton in a law cane
on day, ho pmsemed that his quite centleniaBly
r- J 1trMtCT (nlliect ?or ..-4-,
it,!, dftfii nfmrn iirfimn.itT. k rtviTtlinfwlw bi.
' ....... j ..... .j -
tried it on," when Felton seised him hy the nose
and gan-e It a wrench that nearly twisiej It off his
had looking fiiv. He aceontfniod tne act with
certain expruFions of his opinion of Stanton that
aere much more emphatic than fia'teriee. Mr.
P. was ciril, at least t Felton, during the balance
of bi slay in Pan Francisco.
AGENTS FOR THIS PAPER.
The following n.imed gentlemen are authorized
to act as Agents for Tnit State Itu;nrs Drxo
cb at, and to receire end receipt for fubscriptions
to tb paper0:
tJeorge T. Yin ing, Kerbyville,
Win. Chapman, "
A. O. Stovcns, Elate Creek,
Henry Klippel, Jacksonville,
Capt. Thos. Smith, A Mil and,
Fi. 1. Foudray, " l'lwiiiv,
Kaipar Kubli, Applegate,
J. li. White. R.k Point.
Don gins (nnatf.
Jo.. Fifrhugh, Hoacburjr,
Jaa. . Clark, Canvonville,
Har.lv Klitf. tj'alesville,
ILP. Sherb-y. Oakland.
E. W. Cessans, Empire City.
A. J. Itabb. Eugene City,
John Million,. Millnim's Station.
R. V. Howard, SmitbftVld,
A. J. Crusian, Pleaant Hill.
Silas Drown. Coast Fork,
John Bintett. Corvllis
H. II. Ikll, "
IS. Garrett, fJirds glati-.n,
T. J. L-vehtdy. DaTW.
J. n. V. r.utler. M..nrath,
Ir. John Iaridsoa, liolepeiiMir,
It. F- Ikireh.
II. I.-ty. Eofct,
T. li Wil'iams, Lu'-kianiHltc
P. Smith, Lafayette,
J. T. Ferguson, "
W. C. Herubree, McMinoville.
Siejd.en Itcss. Uencral Agent.
Charies t'o'iper. Forest Orove.
B. I.. Xorden, Portland.
8. A. Miles, i?t Hekns.
Clackamas Covnty. .
Ralston & ljers, OregonKTity.
Sfarlon C'onnty. '
Peter CiJycn, Patem,
Richard Miller. . PiWerton,
Jas. A. Peimcbaker, Jefferson.
jr. J. W. llaik-y, Champing.
O. W. Downing. EaMimity.
F. Holland, Dalles Citv, '
Thos, M. Ward, Three Mile Crk.
ImallUa Connty. ;
Oeo.II. Coc, Umat'dta.
J. F. Ilendres, . ) - Canyon City
Thos. E. Gtv, V and
-John Febnessey. ) John Day Mines.
Jas. n. Slater, . . Aabnm.
-i nion Connty.
''''"The. Bnrmester, ' L Grande. '
' i.-i James Hendet-shot ' - Forest Cove. :':
,'.. J..? JWlf .! s , 4 r UaioBtowaj.
IN Till: TERRITORIES.
" ,;- lVasihiugton. '
Frank P. Dngan, )
A. J. Cain, Wall. Waila,
A. Kyger. I -
X J. Walton. Jr.." Rnby City,
D. M m. Douthit, ) . T. .
Wm. D. Bibb, J Idaho City,
H. C. Jtiggs, Boise City,
, A. Slocum, : , Pioneer City,
tv!AN FB.tXCISCO AGEXCY.
nios.1 Boyce, IfeWspapcr ' Agent,
San Fraaeisco, U authorised to recvive Robcrip
tions and Advertisements for Thb State Richts
Dkmoci at, and to receipt therefor.
Ho. For Great Bargains ! !
, ' : . '. ' at Tag - ';t :' '
NEW ' FURNITURE STORE.
TITE tfDERSTGNED WOl'LD AVAlLlIIM
self of this method of informing the Dnhlie
thtt he baa on hand, and is aanstantly receiving
tresu supplies oi uie dcsi quality oi
. JIU stock will consist of
BUREAUS, BEDSTEADS, Plain and
SOFAS. TABLES, ROCKING CHAIRS,
OFFICE CHAIRS, PARLOR and
KITCHEN CHAIRS, Ac, Ac,
Ha is also prepared to manufacture alt- kinds ef
Furniture, of a quality and style not to be sur
passed in this Valley. --
PCLU, VVLU MATTRESSES and PILLOWS,
Kept on hand and for sale at a low Sgnrc' No one
need forego the luxury of a nice SOFT BED
superior to featbers wnen such an one can be had
for the Low Price of Sixteen Dollars I or a suffi
ciency of Pulu for a Bed for from Six to eight
dollars. -" :"' r:"; , u
Also, constantly on hand, a large assortment of
I hare also a general assortment of cabinet fur
nishing goods, suca as Varnishes, Oils, Turpentine,
Glue. Sand-paper. Tacks, Finishing Kails, Butts,
Sdrews, Castors, etc
Also. COFFIN TRIMMIXGS of all kinds, lower
ana of better quality than ean be had elsewhere
above -Portland. - Also Turley s renowned
Which, for genuine . utility, durability and sim
plicity of eonstruetioa stands justly at the head of
all tne apologies for machines that have been
thrust upon the market. . Also, the celebrated
Universal Clothes Wringer,
Of various sues ou hand and for sale cheap.
Please give m a call, and I will not fall oat win
yon iTyou should fail to buy me out."
' J. H. UPTON.
Albosr. August HU, ISM. aurlttf
H. H. BAUpROFfiu COr
BOOKSELLERS & STKTlSfJER?
an Frnnetef Cal. .
OFFER AT THE LOWEST MABXET RATES
onfv.f the laritest and b H assorted fawka ,.t
iK.kn in every department of Lferatnrc, and at a-'
pie and fancy Stationery, to be foam! anywhere ia .
the world. They occupy an entire baildujg, 32 hy
SO feet, Ibn e stories, on Me r.-hatt Street, which
connects In tho rtar with the store oa Montgomery
.treet. Thr are nil; oa rim vets, each arranged
uudcr many suldiviiouf3s follwf
I, HUU-ry ; t, Biography ; 3, KotcLj; , Govern
meut and Politics ; it, Kelelliorf Literainre ; Sj
cial and Ethical j 7, Mental and Mora! gcitee; 8
Language and Oratory ; 9, Belles Lettre afiw the
i ladies ; 19, Poetry and the trasTI, Wtt Wtf
Humor; it, Fie J Work le!Si'h4 vol
umes; 14, Frvemaw-nry and Odd Foilow.bip; J 5,
Miwllaneoes olt ; 16, hil't. prayer Bok,
and Hymn Books; J7, Iliostra ted Wsrks; 18,JlT
entlfle Bwla. . T
n .Military and Jfaval Peknce ; J, Kavigatkm
afd Snip Building; 3, A rebttet tor astd Carpentry
I. Fioo Arts; 5, Cbetaiirtry and Eleetrieky; 4, Me-i
ehanieal Pcience; T, Applied Meehaaies and tb'
t'aefut Arts; 8, torreM-y Trad and Eesooreee;
9, Mathematiea and Engineering; M, Attmsoary
II, Geography Espioraikiu aad Cl nstohngyj ijf,
Zoology, M.niEg, etc.; 15, Kataral Ilmtnr- vf the'
Mineral Kiagdom 5 14, Vegetable Kiagims IV
Agricaltnrn; 1. !imextic Ares !7f Anasent en fr; '
Games and Fortune Telling: 1 i, ?h$ v,rms,t, : W. I
CyeJojiediaa and Diettonarw-s $ JS, SJenerat . tf4
1 Vj ular bcacBoe; Zl, Js te-ll a let. as vr!( St
Aleoboi, Anatomy. Apopkl r, Astbttav Anaewl
tat ion, Bbod, Brain, Bronehitis, Chest, dseaaktm-'
, t ! I , ' l J . t . -4. . '
kuiiuan, vniuruiurm, -unirra. Vlimaie, tOSnnD-
tion. lwfoiaF, Deformities, 1 "eutajl Surgery, tte
tiunanes, Digestioa, Dtptberiaw Dispeasetovws; Wifc
sectors, Domestie Medu-teo, Dropy, EjDejy, Ery-
sipIa Eye, Females, Fevers, Goot, Health, Heart,
Histology; Homoeopathy, Hy lropatliy, Ineoenia-, '
lasanily. J mts, Liver,' Lwnrv Materi Medic"
Medical Jorispradenec, Mea traoea, UieroMp-v
Midwifery, Mind, Jfcrvoos gy 'ttm, -Keoralgia, 'Ob-,
ftetrkis, Pab-y, ParatysU, Pathology, Pharmacy,.
Phyyt-J.-jry, fmcmonia, Poiscns, Practiee, Pre?!
seription-, fVychob.gy. Reetnrt, EhtaBiatu'm, Scr-
rr, vftcrofula, Skin. Pmaltpoi, Spiae, Stotnaehv,
Surgery, Throat, Tobacco, Water fete: t" ' '
I tmm Bka ,t ki
Englith Reports, America n'kliiiJU' Se-'
ports and Dige-ts, AWMg.-nxttjs Ahstraett, Ae
tions at Law, Afernistratorr, Admnulty, A genets ,
Arbitratino, A saign meets, Aft acbmesfs, Bailroenta, '
liankruptcy. Carriers, Chancery. Ciril Law, Cade4
Commercial Law, Common Law, Ctmtraeta, ?oer -veyancing,
CVrporations, Crifnin41 Law. Damages,
Wvorcei Eoity. Evblenev Icenbwn, Forms, la-
saranee, lasanitv, Jatic ot the P.-v. .1 '
Mion, Landlord and Tenant. Mrj!iie Law. 3B.jp-
iw, ijieaiean MS. 4URarv-Law, Mine.
Mortgages. Partnership; Patents. Personal Trf t- '
erty. Plea-linp, Practice, RaflwaysVEcal Property
Revenue. Pales. Pbip ng, Sheriffs. Sf,d, t.f Jj.i,.
Suretyship, Tax Law, Trasteos, Ten-lors, Win,
School Bts&lfs. V " '"'
sof School Bi oks. from iha k.
large in-ntatks, we Can sell at bwr prices (haft "
any dealer on the Paeie Crt. ? -r :
Ibis department is arranged Bedevil fofiowirf
brads : -,,?,.... . 1
Anaty mod. Physiology. Astronomv. BoriJ
kee ping. Botany, CalMbenies and - Wwiwastte
Clst mwtry Chine, Hebrew nd Pwhwueae; C, .
poS,t,.m.KbetorJrlL,ric: Di,-,,rirT lr a w
ing. Kl.iwo. Fraeb. (itoy, GfJ ti
lr fy;?UrT:? G""tBV"k, Hn.fa.ry, .
Irahan, latSn. Mathesnafies, Menial rbvl-Hbv'
Music, XManral llwforv. Kianl l ;v . t.l'r
jt Teaching. Prnmaaship. Politfcal, Eeoy
nea-rs .r,-l Ikrs. Sfih, Tracfcers' RegisteTV
Teacher, library. Mielin.M Ed.eital'
n ers. M-lmol Apparatnsj Sebm.1 StatUioerf
Among onr own pnMieatfriM ar the foflowlr.'
fc-ineational U orks . . "V
eKVE MAr 0F TIIE PACI1Ic states;!
BIRt.ESS' PEXMAXSHIP. .
BAXCP.OFTS MAP of the PACIFIC STATES.
siSITirt r."M"'! iHarie, Eccb--
-1, J--ok.S Mps JEraravuirs-
HT b enput. 1.U mf..n.tiB
P.n. g'Te, niM,B Fi5" ? letter or .
"' 'Blanka."- r 1. .'.
R;n'iS,!aV AK-i;nt r C.tr-ctArsignienl::
CevtuWc. thftBl gS--h
tet, Receipt, Release. Retnrn, SatJoW -
Writ'nTapera, Printimr P-iLZl"
pera, Traemgv Cl-ritr, Pi ulL,4-i
B.wks; Pocket Books, Dka , 1
Cards, Oanve,, Italers, Poblrr-. Cwt FrJ'
Rnnner, uioties. Slates, Cravowl WibL iS?
ffi'rJ BiD' riis.nanr
tatiner. , : , . ,, , ; ;,.,
or toII6 r- A- FreelaaoVAlb3s5
or, -please addness FI. II, Bivrsort i .v
6 Frieiseo, Cii
THIS LOXa ESTABU.5niI, lfcfcKQE;CO'it
modious and well :.i.n
l..n . ,T " B'"IW' I",
. - -
trZLl,, !?.t!!,1Bm,!nt of S1 boards aad
Tne honse was almost
-v . . . --,lltli rc-ii 1 1 1 hk rmr.
t entirely re-built last yearr
THE TQs. TTsTl
! Jrftprov'idsd'With - v.:4,--., 'li't
t.. ,.r ,u "tomuw .aaa nr
THE liftftT! " -
Mdre?TlS! "d.wi ntuatedll PntpV
and careful atUndaocn is assured to rtrt 4
?ffn'lr mpany'a m3 eowhewl
come to and go from the Ht uL charires modeftrte.
Aioany, Annst U, 13.15. , r , . . aSU
(OF SAN FRANCISCO; CALIFORNIA.) ,
Will attend in person to the;? '-h l
Prosecatioa f Claiai Arfsiar is eAa
Califinsia, , ' 'f
And to the SottWnt .d" Account, wioi'the'
STATE. TREASURE WAR, fiAYT AND PCST CFFtGE
IN THE INDIAN BUREAU, Luia PATENT CFPlCfJ
Persons bavin? boainexa rM. . 1.
attded to, ami obtain iibnuh,. tim.
tune, if desired. . '
Add.kss N 478 SEVENTH STREET, "" i?
trASHTNGTON CITT, 1. C. !J auJST
SURGEONS DEIJTIST ,
Late Gmlsste ef the
: . ., .-', .
Cutoianati Orlietre 1
Wnuld agsin offoT his P:feMMsat services to tf"
eitizena of this plao and tiurondhic eottfitry. -i
Owe 1 stairs ia l ostet't Ilricfc Buildig-"-Reaidence
alongside or ih Pacific UoteL " .
Albany, August ltth, uSytf '
1 , -J
k. n. caAsoa.