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About The state rights democrat. (Albany, Or.) 1865-1900 | View This Issue
STATE LRIGIjTS DEjlOCIiAT.
RATritttAY, RElf KSlllKtt 30. 5
Olll VIEWS OX NTATi: UltillTS.
The following i eopiei from the last
We have leu greatly at a loss t, know
exactly what kind of State Hight the tat
kiuhts iisiorRAT mlticml to. We now
t ,Pftper,tk,nof lTr
mm-mtmm rsn w VVOSHmHWIWlI IUHISII Bl&.
very, that its Wen of State Rights ia the
mine as that entertained by Calhoun, Jeff.
Ihti, and the other aullinera and traitor s i
11 We do toot believe that thirty-four of the
State, even, have the right to declare the
alavw of the thirty-fifth State to tc free.
That matter belongs solely and only to the
' iAceording to thla statement of the pure
MhI unadulterated Orepm lcmoenov the
Confutation of th Suited ftMes cannot be
amended by three-fourths of the States, as
la the Constitution itself provided. To this
we ay " etiek a pin fAcre."
Wo hope the Statesman will keep the pin
there, and heed what we say further. To
make oar views a little better understood,
we will add here what our position is in
reference to the subject we had under
consideration when we penned the extract
that paper quotes above : We hold that
It is the right and province of each State
to declare for itself whether Slavery shall
or shall not be permitted in it ; that the
right belongs solely to the State, and is a
matter over which the General Govern
ment has bo control or discretion
whatever; that it is one of the right
which was, not ceded to the General Gov
ernment, and consequently, it belongs ex
clusively to each State respectively ; that
if thirty-four' of the thirty-five States
now ia the the Union should meet in
Con vent km tud declare that slavery should
ot exist ia the thirty-fifth State, such
declaration Wrould have no just force or
effect, greeably to the Federal compact
and the sovereignty of the State most
couccrned, unless by its own acceptance
of the article of prohibition. The States,
in'all of their reserved rights, are sover
eign, and these canne t bo justly arrested
from them by the tlirco-Fonrths or by all
of the other States. The issue of slavery
is too more to us in this discussion than
any other State right It stands exactly
with them, being neither more nor less a
sovereign prerogative than they arc. If
all the States can in Convention declare
away the, right of a State to permit sla
very within it, they can with equal power
asd reason declare away the right", of that
State in every other particular. T- ;j
can deprive the people of the right of
suffrage j of the right to elect their own
officers; of the right to keep a well
regulated malitia, aad to keep and War
arms. They can prohibit the free excr
ete f -the people in religious worship;
they can abridge the freedom of speech,
or of .the press, and prevent the people
from peacefully assembling to petition the
Government for a redress of grievances.
They can take away the right of the peo
ple to be secure in their persons, houses,
and . effects, and against unreasonable
searches and ' Belrures ; and the right of
trial by jary; nd they can deprive citi
zens of life, liberty, or property, without
due process of law. These peculiar rights
of the people of the States, respecting
which it is expressly stipulated that Con
gress shall make no law, stand precisely
upon the same basis with the right to
hold slaves, . and no power, unless with
the consent of the State directly concern
ed, can ia any manner affect, curtail or
abolish these State rights, except the
tyrant's powerthat of force,
perusal of jthe . history of the Coa-
a&istka feed i the instrument itself
.jcrcsi tillify every candid, intelligent
.-ikr, of the 'correctness .of our views.
Tiat iastrument was adopted as original
ly framed a - t&e - 17th of September,
1T-87- Tlmt portion of it which especi
ally pertains to the rights of the States,
asd which expressly stipulates that, M the
powers i not delegated to the United States
by the Constitution, nor prohibited to it
y the States, are reserved to the States
respectively, or to the people," was not-
adopted until more .than two years after
warcta, ia March, 1783, and it is a note;
worthy fact that ectil the ten State rights
articles were proposed t? be added to the
original Constitution by Congress, neither
Rhode Island nor North Carolina ratified
the instrument, nor entered the Federal
St is apparent that after the original
Constitution was put in practical opera
tion by the eleven States which ratified
it th.e discovery wts made that it was
-deScteat ia clearly and definitely marking
the limits of power granted to the". Fed
eral -Grarmnient. There was fear appre
hended by nfany of thewisest and most
patriotis jatesBfia of that period, that
ereotadly the' CSostitatiot as it stood
might be perverted roiaits i true inter
pretation : that it would be so construed,
hj the advocates ot each a system, as to
be, made iha authority for the establish
ml hz of a centralized, all-powerful govern
ment, which would destroy the sovereignty
ofhfStktes nd convert them into liUnwer. He is handsomely proportioned, has
tie! tetter than mere dependencies, abso
lutely .subject to its sway. ..." Hence, to
guard against this threatened evil in the
stropgest and surest possible manner, the
teamendments of March, T79, were
added. ;They were ratified by the States
in tegular -manner. It is in them thatl
the limit of. .the . portrs sf thelFederkl
SvverEmmth exvresdj defined, and the
sovereign rigliti of the States, which..' are
"beyond the reach of power of thee Fed
eral Government, are distinctly asserted.
To show in fact, the very motives which
actuated the Congress in proposing these
ten amendments, we will quote the pre
amble to them, pasm! ly that body :
" The Convrnthm of a number of States,
having at the time of thrir ,rlttititg the Con
Ftitution, expressed a desire, in order to jre
vent misconstruction or ahum uf its owera(
that further declaratory ami restrictive- hiue
I- added: tl m extending the
of ,' confidence in the (4n.
nir-nt, will Wet insure the beneficent ends of
Us institution j"
Now, we simply subscribe to the ex
press letter and manifest spirit of the
Constitution in our devotion to the doc
trine of Stato Rights. We accept the
interpretation of the great founders of the
Government, of the acknowledged fathers
of the Constitution, as to the relative
powers and rights of the Federal Gov
ernment and the sovereign States. If
secession or nullification exists in the
Constitution, as framed by its immortal
authors, or ia the expositions of the true
character of our Federal and State Gov
ernments, as set forth by Jefiertoa asd
Madison, we would sooner be a secession
ist or a nullificr, with them, than a " loy
alist " of this day, and an adherent of the
party which would completely trample
down State Sovereignty, disregard and
violate the Constitution, usurp the power
of a despot, and build up a centtWied
Government which has uo limtTTsave the
will or caprice or humor of the Executive.
This is our position oa State Rights, and
we intend to adhere to it.
K Foreign War.
The Washington correspondent of the
Springfield, Mass., Republican writes a
The big French war that certain hot -heads
were so sure of getting un over Maximilian
dies not appear above the horiion. We
tdinll have no foreign war. If the tlovern-
nient is wise, we shall not draw the sword
again in a quarter of a century. We hnve
shown our power, and what nation cares to
fight us? With prudence, then, we can at
leaf t have twenty years of peace. They will
see us out of our present financial difficul
ties, for by that time the debt will have been
halt paid off. Mr. Seward still talks peace
fullyand holds the reins.
Ho foreign war. Of couivc not. The
policy or bravery of the Administration
runs not in that direction. Spain cau
insult 'is, England can deride and trample
on our flag, Franco can defy and heap
iusnlt upon injury on us aud Mr. Sew
ard, holding the reins, will submit to all
these. It is only against our own coun
trymen that the " best Government on
the face of the earth wages war. It is
very fast and very brave iu "avenging"
any act of our own oppressed brethren
for their republican independence, by
visiting upon them the most merciless
tyranny. It dare not respond to the
grovels or aggressions of the British Lion ;
it cowers beneath the swoop of the r rench
Eagle ; but it has the boldness to crucify
upon the Southern Cross all of its own
blood who refuse to bow iu slavish sub
mission to its despotic, barbarous decrees.
No foreign war! Certainly not, so long
as Mr. Seward holds the reins. And es
pecially no war with France. ' Brother
Despots have no need to war against each
other. They can more satisfactorily em
ploy their tyrannous energies in a war
which shall destroy a Republic, as in the
case of Mexico. There is a certain Mon
roe Doctrine which ought to bo a serious
obstruction to the Federal Government
in it work of aiding Franco to tear down
that neighboring Republic and to estab
lish a European Monarch as Despot over
that people, bat Mr. Seward, who holds
the reins, drives over this Doctrine with
as little compunction of conscience and as
much self-complacency as the Czarina
Catherine used to drive her droska over
the writhing body of one of her prostrate
subjects. Curran spoke of the infamous
woman who humbled ' herself that she
might be exalted. The figure exactly fits
the present Administration. If there be
any National honor in the Washington
Government, it is akin to that which ex
ists among thieves it is predatory upon
the liberties and rights and interests of j
the j-ood in our own country, or in Mexi
co, and only kept between the confeder
atea who share the plunder Louis Na
poleon, Maximilian and the rulers , at
Washington. But the injury stops not
here the compact between these confed
erates reflects deep dishonor upon the
people of the United States, and places
thcin in the pillory, of shame before the
world, as a people who have permitted
their servants to become their masters,
and submitted tamely to the repudiation
and violation of their own boasted, time-
honored, and justly founded Monroe
Splisdid Stock. W. C. Myer, of Jack
son county, passed through Albany early in
the week, on his way to the State Fair, at
Salem-l-rith, his splendid horse Coburg and
six magnificient colts. Coburg stands about
17 hands, and weighs in good condition
2500 pounds. Ilabas the body, bone and
muscle, of the largest English draught
horses, but is almost as clean-limbed as a
an exceedingly fine, glossy coat, and is gen
tle w"s pet epaaieL The colts aro all only
a year old, but are large, very large for
their age, and they have the movement and
appearance of three year oida. .Ono of then
is certainly the finest colt of ius age and class
we have seen in Oregon, and we learn that
on ius wav down Sir. Myer sola nm to a
person in itoseburg for $600, to be delivered
after hi exhibition at the State Fair. Our.
stock raisers and farmers can see the colti
and their tiro at the Fair, and it will be a
pity if sonic of the yearling, are not retained
in this county or Valley.
r- THE DAILY HA 1 1,.
In th last Statesman there nppenrs
the following !
The Stat RioRfs BMtrnvr vent n little
of its ancient animosity to ImiUzo Williams,
in it! in!n if the loth int, 1V throwing
upon him the entire -blame of the stoppage,
of thednilv weib It my explicitly llwt'
Senator W. eouiiwlod the stoppage of the
until, to gratify his " personal spleen," and
hivnusu he was fi?ed counsel for Hen Uolli
day ftnd othrsr tie. The Whole statement
in tnlse 'IuIho alike in letter and in spirit.
Judge W. fully realUes the value of the
daily mail, and has never reoom mended its
stoppage. Tuo statement is a lie out of
The Statesman ought to be a little more
careful in its " statements." We did not
say "explicitly" that ' Senator Williams
counselled the stoppage of the mail," &c.
What we did say was : " We are inform
ed by persons who have facilities for
learning the facts," &e. If what we al
leged against Senator Williams " is a lie
out of whole cloth," the onus rests not
upon us, but upon our informants, two of
whom are rather active and zealous mem
bers of the Statesman's own party in
Salem They gave us the facts during
oar recent visit there, and we do know
that each of them enjoys more than or
dinary opportunities in procuring intelli
gence of Oregon affairs at Washington.
They are iu uo way interested in the
Stage Company, nor in the mail contract
business; one of them we know to have
been a warm supporter of Senator Wil
liams for his present position. So much
for what we published, only to add that
we then believed generally what they re
peated to us, and we still believe it, the
Statesman's assertions to the contrary
Now, as to the facts : Will the States
man deny that Senator Williams urged
the idea upon the Postmaster General
that the Stage Company was demanding
altogether too much for the transportation
of the mail ? that ho aseurai that func
tionary that responsible parties could be
found m Orrym who would contract to
carry it for " about $200,000 !" that he
declared this sum amply sufficient for the
service? and that he advised Gov. Dcut
s1n to close the contract with Reesidu t
We are positively assured that Senator
Williams did all that is here alleged, aud
that he did labor and counsel against an
acceptance of the Stage Company's bid.
Again, The Statesman would have it
believed that Senator Willians is in favor
of the Daily Overland Mail, and iutimates
its own support of that service, and its
desire that the bid of the Stage Company
should be accepted by the Department.
Let us examine into Senator Williams'
aud its own record in this. Scuator Wil-
Hams is from Portland ; he owes his elec
tion quite as much to some of the capi
talists, steamboat men. and politicians of
that city, as to all other influences and
individuals combined. He is more their
Senator than he is of the tropic of Ore
gon, or of his own party. lie is under
more pledges Uptake care of their pecu
liar interests, than he is under to all
others. They like a Daily Overland
Mail for the accommodations it affords
them well euough ; but it ia a thing out
of which they can make no money. And
when a thing brings no gold to their
pockets, they will gladly abandon it for
something which will richly pay 'hem.
They own steamboats, or are interested
in them. An ocean mail, weekly, from
San Francisco to Astoria, as the old semi
monthly mail was let, might not fall to
their share ; but from Astoria to Portland,
and to other points, the mail to brought
by Ocean route, would have to be carried
by steamers, and these steamers Would be
their own. A contract to carry these
mails would surely be a lucrative one.
The Oregoniaa, whieh is but the sounding
Doara zor tnese men, nas already thrown
off its mask, which looked favorably on
the Overland Mail, and come oat in favor
of the Ocean Mail. ; Has it. or have the
rich men it represents in this matter
and whom senator Williams hot repre
sents received notice from the Senator
that te iron is hot and the time for strik
ing it has come ?
And now for the Statesman's record :
That paper was the very first in the State
a few months ago to copy an extract from
the Portland ' correspondence of the San
Francisco Bulletin , which commented
most prejudicially upon the service as
performed by the Stage Company, and it
added to the extract, comments of its Own
very antagonistic to the Company. It
quite plainly intimated that the oetraet
ought not to be again awarded to them.
Next, when the announcement was made
that Reeside had obtained the contract,
it did not stop at telling its readers how
well it knew " old Reeaido," and how
well it knew that ho would perform" the
servico in up top manner, but it went on
to give the rejected Stage Company some
left-handed licks. It so happened, how
ever, that old Roeside had nothing to do
with tho contract, for the very eood rea
son, we belie vo, that he was dead but
that yomng Reeside -fros the contractor
he ot tho wheelbarrows, one-horse carts,
mule teams and saddle " animals, with
which he was going to tote the mails from
Portland to Lincoln. And finally, the
; Statesman, most indiscreet in its zeal
against the Stage Company and the Over
i.j m.,;i : f.
uiuu J.M.OU, iu iio very iaan ibbiw, iu a p&ra-
grapn in tne very ooiumn trom which we
clipped the abovo, refers to the " change
of hanxt" of tho Oregonian, and approv-
mgiy wiorms mat eotcmporary that, in
abandoning its support of" tho Overland
31au, and eommg out " fiatfooted on the
other track" ., in favor of an Ocean
mail it " has hit on pretty near the right
track," even though " it is at the expense
of consistency." Does not this look as
though the Statesman plumed itself on
its consistency -that it had all along re
ally been in favor of an ' Ocean mail I
Maybe this, top, is a lie out of whole
cloth. Very good j if it is, again we
have Abolition authority for it,' and this
time the statesman s own editor lit 1 para
graphs, . . ' ' "
A NATIONAL II A ft K IN OKIUjON.
It is stated that n National Hank is
soon to bo located in Portland-. National
Banks have lor their nssots IJ H. bonds,
and issue only a paper curretit-y. The
Constitution of Oregon says, in Article
XI, Section 1st i
Nor nlmll nnv brink, com
pany or institution exist iu the State; ith
the privilege of making, issuing, or "putting
in circulation, nny bill, chock, certificate,
pmmlrtHory note, or other paper, or the paper
of any bunk, company, or jtcrson, to circu
late as money. -'
This provision of our Stato Constitu
tion is certainly strong and explicit
enough ngnitiKt the admission of an insti
tution of the kind proposed in the State.
It distinctly says no bunk shnll rsit in
this State which issues pnjtrr to cimtfuk
Int . - . a
at inonry. A lie proposed .Rational Jdink
will issue paper to circulate as money.
Therefore, if permitted to exist in Port
land or anywhere in Oregon, it will exist
in direct violation of the Constitution.
Yet the, Statesman Is gratified at the
prospect of such a bank being established
iu Portland. It follows that that paper
is gratified to learn that the State Con
stitution, is to be disregarded and violated.
Yet it professes to be a supporter of the
Constitution aud laws. We have lone
been made aware that the Abolition the
ory of obedience to the Constitution and
laws meant only so much of cither as they
theaisclves chose to obey, and that while
any infraction of tho particular clauses or
acts they subscribed to by any who op
poeca inem in political sentiment was
treason, they had a perfect right them
selves to violate all clauses and statutes
which conflicted with their Higher Law.
their pockets, or their ideas; and conse
quently, we are not surprised at this joy
on tho part of the Statesman in this in
stance. So thorough an Abolition orsnn
is in duty bound to rejoice at any infrac
tion of cither the Federal or State Con
stitution which will redouud to the benefit
of its party, or hasten the ruin of the
country j and we bear willing testimony
to the fact that, for years pant, the States
man has never failed iu this duty, without
we refer to its very recent opposition to
Negro Suffrage. With its parly it advo
cated the nullification of the Jegal Ten
dor Act of its owu Congress, and defend
cd tho Specific Contract Act of its own
State Legislature. With equal pleasure
and thorough consistency it now welcomes
an infraction of our State Constitution bv
application of nn act of Congress. We
grant that it is a kind of retributive jus
tice, nud if two wrongs can make a right,
iho thing U eminently fair and proper.
Thus : 1st, Oregon nullifies a law of Con
gress, and passes a Specific Contractaw
which actually declare legal tender notes
not a legal tender for the payment of
debts. In the lanjruacc of the dav. let
us say here, Bully for Oregou I 2d, By
virtu of a law of Congress, parties estab
lish a bank ;n Portland, although the
Constitution of Oregon declares that no
bauk shall exist in the State. 'We have
applauded Oregon's nullification n behalf
of her Abolition rulers: "Let justice be
done," &c. therefore, now we must odd,
Bully for Congress I in behalf of the par
ties who commit the infraction, and the
Statesman, which rejoices thereat. Here
are two wrongs, that is certain ; but will
any doubt these always constitute a right
agreeably to Abolition ethics f We sup
pose, of course, the bank will be estab
lished, but we have no fear that it will be
permitted to " exist ' very long after the
Democratic State Administration comes
into power next year. Democrats main
tain and obey all of the Constitution, and
all laws made under it, not simply the par
ticular clauses and statutes which tempo
rarily benefit their party.
- -i . apMivM -aaBaa .
Old Mails. By"the larg batch of mail
matter which come by boat last Tuesday we
received a large quantity of exchanges, let
ters &:., most of them of very stale dotes,
howevor. Among the lot was a M Portland
Correspondence" letter of Sept. 9th, and
there wore copies of the Mountaineer, Uma
tilla Advortisor, as far back as August 25th,
of tho Walla"Walla Statesman and Idaho
World, to late August and early Septem
ber the first of either which we have re.
ceived. Also, California papers of August.
Of course, the nea they brought to us was
very stale. We hope our Portland friend
will try again, and send his correspondence
Stabbing Am-hav. Last Tuesday morn,
ing a dispute occurred between Aaron Cham
berlain and man named Miller, at Cham
berlain's farm,- on the Luckiamuttc, about
some cattle. Finally they came to blows,
and Chamberlain threw a piece of board at
Miller. The latter was not. struck by it.
but at once advanced on Chamberlain, and
dealt him a severe stab in the left breast with
a knife, penetrating the cavity of the chest
on the left side, and inflicting a serious
wound, which may prove mortal. Miller
No further particulars have reached us of
A Great Accommodation. Tho opposi
tion steamer Echo ou her last Tuesday's trip
here brought six large mail bags from Port
land, filled with State and California and
Eastern mail matter which had been depos
ited in the Portland office from up country
sources and Oceau steamers. Tho Captain
of the Echo performed this good servico for
our citizens without charge, and simply for
their accommodation. For it ho merits the
thanks of the whole community.
Likely to Stop. -Wo hear that tho Cal
ifornia Company will withdraw their Stages
from the Oregon route immediately after the
State Fair, unless they get a renewal of the
mail contract. This will be a serious de
privation to our people, but no bloun cau be
urged against tho Company if they do so.
They have acted most handsomely through
out thin time of mail stoppage.
PlTTOt'K IN riC'KMI.
Piltock is owner of the Oregonian ;
also is he State Printer, by the form of
nn election, but chiefly by the cleverness
of Jirdgc Boise and tho fnvor of the
SnpHlim Court. But he is State Printer
to all intents and purposes. Ami, being
State Priutcr, Pit toe k is in a pickle. This
may be alliterutioo, yet it in fact.
Ah a matter of course, Abolition offi
cers never do wrong, never commit any
thing like dereliction of duty, or male
feasance in office, and never defraud the
State. But if a Democratic State Prin
ter should do what Pittock's own party
eoteniporaries charge him with having
done, all the virtuous and therefore indig
nant Abolitionists in the State would
shriek and clamor and charge, and cry
out " How long nrc the people to endure
sttch rascalities ?" Shall not tho guilty
transgressor be severely punished ?"
" Are tho people forever to bo swindled ?"
" Will his party daro to screen him from
justice V " Daro his party organs fail
to denounce him f " And then the flam
ing heads in tho Abolition oreans : " As
tounding Disclosure The State Printer
a Swindler Rascally Device to Defraud
the People The Villainy of a Coppcr-
hend Official !" These and other similar
means would be taken to impress it on
the dear people that the State Printer Iiad
grossly sinned, and that his whole parly
were responsible for his bad conduct
officially. In this instance, however it is
Pittock, the Abolition State 'Printer, who
is iu grief, and of course his party is uot
at all responsible for his malcfcnsance in
It seems from the records of the Su
preme Court at its lute session, from an
official report to it of Secretary May, and
from statements in the Mountaineer and
Statesman, that I'ittock has engaged in
n bit of speculation quite profitable in
cash, but uot leavened with one particle
of honesty, and utterly in disregard of
his duty m Ktato Printer, and his official
oath us well. About nine months ajro the
Secretary of States furnished to him the
eopy from which to priut the Laws of
Oregon. The work ought to have been ;
performed in four or five ni":iih. at most.
It is not performed yet. Thus the J udges,
the Bar, everybody in authority in the
State, who ought to be provided with
a eopy of the laws in order to clearly and
correctly perform their resjiective func
tions, arc left without this necessary guide.
But if Pittock was unable to publish the
laws iu time to furnish the Courts and
others, according to law, he did very
readily" manage to print and issue in
pamphlet form, some eight hundred copies
for sale to everybody whp wished to buy.
There was a serious difficulty in these
copies, however they could not be rec
ognized as the true and genuine statutes,
because they were not officially Lsucd by
the State Printer and officially acknowl
edged by tho proper Statu authority.
Thus, while perhaps exactly similar, in
every important feature, to the genuine
State copies to bo issued, the Courts could
uot recognize them as such, or rest their
reading or interpretation of the laws upou
them. Still, lawyers- and even Judges
bought tho unofficial copy, in the absence
of the official one, and this was not only
toll, but wheat, middlings, shorts, bran
and all, to Pittock's mill. As the fellow
who stole the brushes ready made could
sell them cheaper than his rival, who
stole the material but made the brushes
himself, so could tho State Printer's friend
behind the curtain afford to sell the Laws
cheaper than any rival, because he was
supplied with the book ready made.
Pittock's innocent transactions were
not confined to this Law Book specula
tion. Ho alleged as the reason for not time
ly furnishing the Statutes that he could not
procure paper upon which to print them.
It stated that an officer of State furnish
ed him with paper, and that, instead of
appropriating it to the legitimate purpose,
he used it to print these vcey unofficial,
speculation copies. Further, that he
entered into another equally virtuous
transaction, by which he made out of the
State, and for Pittock tho individual, the
difference between 16 and 17 GO per
ream on 134 roams of paper, bought on
account of the Stato. He will be an
"arrant Copperhead," and "unfledged
rebel" who will essay to question the in
tegrity of the Stato Printer in these in
nocent operations, as a matter of course ;
yet we fear that that immaculate official
will be severely condemned for his great
zeal in promoting tho interests of an
Abolition officer by mere accident, him
self and thus serving his State as he
has done. . Pitto(ck,vStatc Printer, had
better "bewaro, or he may be awarded
another alliterative position, in Portland
Pittock, State p s u r.
The Mails. Nothing seems to have been
done yot towards affording mail facilities to
the people of Oregon, by tho Postmaster
General. - We are dependent entirely upon
the kindness of the Stago Company and
Wells, Fargo & Co.'s Agents for mail favors.
They generously carry tho packages of Ore
gon newspapers to the various points along
the great central route through, .the State,
and but for this accommodation' wo would
bo uuablo io supply a largo number of sub
scribers. We especially tender our thanks
to the Drivers between hero and Salem and
Eugene City, for favors since the mail was
stopped by order of the Government, Also
to Weils, Fargo & CoJ's Agents here and at
Salem, and to the Postmaster at Eugcno City,
Corvallis, and Salem ? for similar favors.
rowl from ! NiateHiiinii.
We are not 1 lie advocate or dcfl-ndcr of
Mr. K. M. Waite, the Secretary of the
Stale Agricultural Society, bnt the last
Statesman contains on article which
somewhat calls upon the Deniofratie press
of the State for notice. It seems that
Mr. Waite did not send to the Statesman1
a complimentary ticket for the State
Fair. Also, that he proposes to publish
an Agricultural paper, called the Plow
man. From the Statesman office there
will soon issue another, called the Agri
culturist. In its attack upon Mr. Waite,
because he did uot scud it a compliment-
aryHicket, and because he proposes to
publish an Agricultural paper, the States
man reflecjs most unfairly and ungener
ously uponUie Democratic press. It
says that while Mr. Waite sends compli
mentary tickets to the " Southern breth
ren," he "strangely enough ftrgcts to
send comphmcntaries to the Union pa
pers of the State." We have seen ac
knowledgements of these tickets from the
Secretary in the Astoria Gazette, Corvab
lis Gazette, Albany - Journal, Kugene
City Journal, iiid Jacksonville Sentinel,
and, we believe, in the Oregonian also.
Now these comprise every " Union" (Ab
olition) paper in the State except the
Statesman. So the Statesman must have
erred in this part of its allegation' against
Mr. Wuite. There are but three Demo
cratic papers in the State, and two Indo
pcudent. Whether all of themNuivc re
ceived tickets we know not. But wc
might mention here that in former yea
when Chester N. Terry was Secretary oi
the Society, we never heard of any Demo
cratic paper having received tickets, re
ports, or any other, favors or rijht$ from
the Secretary, while he did extend them
to all the Abolition papers. The Society
is not a political institution, yet Mr. Sec
retary Terry seemed so to consider it, and
dispensed his favors accordingly. lie is
one of the Company who own the States
man, and this may account for its failure
to censure ljim for his partisan, biased,
ungencrous'Xoijduct, in the matter. But
whatever blame it urges against Mr.
Waite in this particular must per conse
quence apply as well to Mr, Terry.
In the next place, the Statesman seeks
to give out the impression that the Demo-
- , r i .-
cratic paper have very favorably noticed
the Plowman, to the cxctLion or uetri-
ment of the Agriculturist
It says :
The CoppcrlicaJ paper hnve given the !
nowiuan iiani'iic jmn.-, ana u hhiks a u
Mr. Wavt!s piijM-r to be run for the
benefit of the Icniocrccy. The Agricultur
ist has rcccivcsl no f.nch onc-Jii.l"l' attentions,
from cither party, nnl it trill wt rTcire
them. It will have no ctimnnnicafitni with
the ' filthy yhV of tKilitics ; ami this the
people may rely on.
This is not only unjust to the Demo
cratic pre..", but contemptible. We gave
the Agriculturist a gxl notice, and we
diil no more for the Plowman. We ad
vertised the prospect nk of the Agricul
turist, and we did not that of the Plow
man. Wc certainly print ono of the
" Copperhead papers." Mr. Waite is of
the name party with the Statesman; he
was formerly one of the publishers of that
paper. Certainly on the score of politics,
the Democratic papers cannot regard him
with more favor than they do the editor
of the Agriculturist, for he seems also to
be the editor of the Statesman, judging
from the authoritative language in the
latter paper as regards the former. And
though the Statesman positively declares
that the Agriculturist " will have no
communication with tho 1 filthy pool' of
politics," we fear from what has hecn de
veloped at thia early stage, that the editor
might paddlo in it somewhat, if only by
the accidental confusion incident upon
writing for two papers at tho same time
in the same sanctum. Wc trust that he
will not, but wo must now have better as
surance against that contingency than
mere declarations. If citherNthe Plow
man or Agriculturist dabble in politics
wc hope the fanners will repudiate both,
without distinction. Mr. Waite has the
same right to publish the Plowman that
the Salem Printing Company have to
publish tho Agriculturist. They must
both confide in the same public for sup
port. If but one of the two can be sus
tained, doubtless it will he that which
best represents the interests of the farm
ers; if both can profitably exist, so much
tho better for their respective proprietors.
Gen. Lee is a hemp-deserving traitor.
Gen. Robert E. Leo is "a professed Chris
tian, widely esteemed a man of rectitude and
personal honor. Xcw York Tribune.
Which is to be believed by their own
party 4he Oregonian editor or Horace Gree
ley I The Oregonian condemns us for think
ing of Gen, Leo as Greeley thinks of him?"
What has it to say about Horace?
Sanham Quartz. Iu a quartz mill in
Portland lately, 884 tons of rock from the
Union lode, Sontiam mines, were crushed,
and yielded gold and silver at the rate of
$160 per ton. It was 'average-, not selected
rock. There are still richer claims than the
Union, we are informed by disinterested
parties who have thoroughly examined tho
whole Santiam mining 'district.
Ioi.K CocxTr. The official statistics of
Polk county for the present year show as
follows : Property valuation; $1,Q35,179J;
legal voters, 947 X poll tax, $704 ; military
tax, $974; property tax, $5,082 42 ; total
Sutotax, $7,3ft0 48. t .''.
Ski'oqlixc. Inspector IJurbauk, of Ion
ticcllo, lately seized two trunks at that place,
on their way from Victoria to Oregon, which
were filled with ."smuggled, goods silk?,
opium, tte, -.: ' ;
DATES TO BrTBI3EH 22.
StcamboaJ&pIoston an Low fX,if,
pitl.-hurg. fl't. 22. -A fcrriMe eeitirt wnr--n-A
thin fn.niiuf,', ena-ed T thn Mhminzvp of ts
tnw-hont iMinnxi. i.njnw .!.v m-
!ni)tly kilkd, m'l fireman tiTB uohnn, re
c ivil. fatal ii juritM. The eg-hwer Hlh Vf
ant y nre un'siHg,
Several oHier were ohimim
t,.,iUr vtue blown a dii-lnnro of m, httndM rati
TlieXimrot wa owtei y tli Ke Twfc
!oxiun UURttOWB-i l , .: :. O i t , I
- Ireland1 an4 t&a Feidaaa. t ;
New fork, fipC 22 A tttoMin letter to U
Irf.ml.rn JDsity Teh-rrnpb T tt W uUsttU
t-i ln-liitve tlint fhe U'vernmeil it fifing KeniM-i.-m
wtiFiacTAt'lo sitcml. r 'itiere era .fa$e
i.f .mikrnTil official a&tivTf a that iwbjeet.
The extent of the firjpuHMiioo. fe Cos'
j Cork, h kiiowu to be very :reC It Irt ttbve4
that trm in fornrt-UM nm4r w i4tok&
i.f the ini n. Tk-ir arm re sil tobatteow
fniln s.r.! an'l are heirp wat In- tlielr AairrSm.li
Fenian l.rcfhren. Ia a'pft Of thia rk H ii
nii-utioiieil thivt rifle winjf ' iM'J throagsont
the country eUitricU at iie-tbrI llieir tal. Jjt
thi would be jut AB gwi rv4eiwft.U:tanii!
ptr'ut nrj iurebsig cjM of ai)t4
to do no harm except to men lt aiteflapi to
tlieia. AInioct every f (earner wlkh oan vrif
frvn the United State krinMa k artful, mmmUmif
a good handful of disbanded IrUh (vldirrav WkJ
there ia nothing rerj onnataral ia lliU tnnt irrijjf
that on t3ie other aide of the Atliattiv they, ktrrrf
juat got to the end ot a war ia mhkk th Ititk
bon; a prominent part, the preTal tne af
iaaa in Ireland render tbe arrival tot Um
warrior aojnewbat no table. .. . .
A letter from an American Fenlaa to tf4 IV
liti Freeman, contain the followiujr fBtmtfajr
otory : Tbe Fenian ia an rgtbat fmturxKtA
about aereti rear ago for a rery dUTereat bje-t
thau that of freeint; Ireland fnta t&e . j;Ua
yoke. . f - - if
- A Fenian write to the Dubllo Vreeraa(441;
e1an- that tbe UaRed State antliorltie i t
tolerate Fenianim, bat ranetiun it,and tbaTu
mei( U ruk-d by Sctrt-tary Seward.. . Tbe laivsaa
rnlu of the Society are framed at .WaablBtwv
rinto'I in the fiovermnt-nt otfiee, and (cut (ktvnQ v
the inattj free tbroagbuajt tbe Uai. ; j
The Indon Toft y there U not a rerrx-tM
peron in Ireland eDnceted with tbe FeniaajK ;
A rntladelplita paper raj Ine teutas arc np. -iflag
for the rorebaae of eiebt eaa rtamauri.
baVeboaght.an immenfe lot of anat, aad tBtnJ
to buVsnore. . . , , . .. i. . '
Xew York, PepL 22. The Kpbopal ConrmtinaT
of Virginia bare pnlited an addret wfftfif g Rs
onion of tbe thnrebea Nortb aad Sottlb- iAfea).
ral ci.uiic 1 will le bebl at Mobile, Nor. It.
Tbe Atlantic and 1'aeifie atearaahip oeaipainae
baTe litmn cm'olidale"!. tbe latter payint; tbe for
mer l.jMSMi for their steamer. A weekly ifaw
to 'a!ifmi i ropel. ...
It ii rumored that Joarea will Ie-re )fexief aaal
make bia rt-?iileiir in Vbiladelphife II r ba inrnrd
a protect agai'i.-t Maximilian, and declare Itiaafelf
a full-H'KMlt-d Indian. . i 'rf:
A fcrt-at fire ei arrcd in Xew York the llh
Tbe lo w fKfwceT four and five nilioaA . " !
llaliimore. rpt. IS. Tho ancoal raeetia; T
the V. S. tirand Isxtgc of Odd Fellow took dae
thia m-rhiuzr Crand Hire I.ae .M. Veateb, prtirW'
in. lltprtsentative from near) all tbe gta&eak
ad K-rerat of tb Cr'.tij'h PrOTinee were preheat.
It ia tbe 6r?t time f r fire year tbxt bretbrefrin
ail art.-?.f tle enutrr met together., TbeM waa
inurh friendly feeling eTinee'd. '"
tw loik, bept. 2 A letter from 3iiMtw.pi:
rays the luihtia refute to rcn?ter asdvr hit tkr
j than th frtato f!u : al' tbal an orsanixed caa?
jof K;U1 ,In,M f VickAnrg take every TJ.
emunrra? the aetton of the tinvimuient.
A violent fhuek f earthquake waa felt in Pert'
Rico, Ann.--t 2Uh. No material injury was W,
Tbe General Land ffiee baa baed rnatraerWa '
llmt nrk-e!ion of nb!ie lan.-la Iit iStatca cannot 9
made from n-,rvel r mineral lan Is-, or fr ni land
grai.t to the 1'aeifie rnilrcad. r '
Juarex ileiiirn that be inienda to abnadu M .-sict
lie will t,ind by bU eoaatrj and does uot kif
jf r Bcces. . 1 . , .:
A ?jeeial dtateb tnjB tbo whole number of re
jrro tror j. lmlfercd in during ti e war i I Ri'.ttM '
their lo?.e. br lea(b and cenalties wm betw
firtr and cixty th-tiind, aud l:;o.t)('l bT b en "
lately imiatercl ont. Thieas only 'are entity 1 to
vote nnder tbe 1wj and re;alatiu. . .
A merchant f i'ortland, Maim. j-ay l Ut-ly
Johii Snrratt in M mtie;i.!. It was ibiw'bt bir
wculJ soon sail for Fumie.
Jladisc.n, Per.t. 13. The Mi..tiri Prmnrmti'tr
Stato Vnvent!in yetterday nomiiihtcd IlarrintBC'
Hobart fi.r !'ivern r. Tbe latforin endoraca tbe
resloraium Wiry f tbe President, rtlKae mm' .
anffrage in that State, and niterfcrcnee wilA tb '
aunrage m otiur bUUi, and the yuapetu-io cd tb
balcaa et.rpo. . -,
Xcw York, Se.f. 13. -Tbe Prcaident pardoned' !
Duff Green and fifty otbera to-day.
Cairo, Sept. 19. McmphU will aaoa eewsw t W
a military pt, it U thftnsbt.
Tbe New Orleans Iet(a says tiat J. M. KeH J
baa been appointed Proriionai Govereor of Imm
ana, ami says tbe Convention an be htM, aa(ia-. ,
bers of Cuninr. State officer! and Lepblaion can
be elected, and V. ?. Senators ehoacn ready foetn
enduing Cougre-. .... ,
Aew iork, bept. 21. Official dlpatebe freDti
Got. Perry of South Carolina Uf tbe PreaWioitt. of
the ISth, aay tbe ConTeniien baa repealed tbe erdi-,
nance f accession, and tbe ConiraiUees bare re-'
ported in faror of alvdi-bing alar err ; etuJiaWr
rc.rescutati,n ; and the tit voce laodeofciei-tion,.
Thee measures will pn.s ; alt hanaABkMtti. - ' i
,AVm. U. IViyee of South Caraiin bju imimi
pardon; IIant:rof Virginia u home oa prole :
Gov. Smith of Virginia has rose; hose : aa4 Gm. -
u ui HumguiD to apply Vft Mrdes. ,
. , t
Pacific Coast Dispatches. ..
San Pratielseo,7 SepL 23. Gea. MeBvwaSt fca "
ordered all Indian prisoners to M t Fort
Wright at XomecnU Keervalbiu
September 27 Cooke aueceaf ally pcrforn4
tbe feat of walking tight rope from ifceCTiS,
Ilonae to Seal Rock, to-day. AboatS.Ma wila.
edit. On tbe !rt trial one of the fjoya parted ;
Cooke, bing his balaneinf poJc, fell aatrido tb:
rope. lie climbed to the ruck, a bootouui wqaa
ered bis pole, and Cooke started again. Thia time
he anerecded easily. - (
The Pacific sqna!roa is to be aatjaeateei by tew t
bcary armed rebels and two ironeada.
A Pmnx Act. We clip h foIUriaft
from the last Statesman ;, j s. if ,
0 In f peaking of tho staj-e aeeideWt ' T ?
J5TATB KlGHTS DeTXOCSAT 8&jn : - - ' -r " I
" Darin the day the body of Mr. AdamirT
was brought in under charge of the Odd FeJ-
lows, and the menibers of tht J Order : alao
took care of some of the weunted. who vree '
of tlie Fraternity." . . T
This is hardly just to "the Odd Fellowa. 1
The members of that Order n ndered everr
assistance in their power to all the InjureJ 1
person, without distinction. Beside? with5
the exception of Mr. Adams, there was not '
a single Odd Fellow on board; aX, the ttu'6f :
the accident. ' ., ' '-! -
Tho SUvtesmtm would eonvey the imprea-'-sion
that we sought to cost a tlar upon the
Odd Fellows, for their eondtt;t upon that
occasion . It knows well enough that a tfo
construction of our Ianrnase will tustifr nA.
such conclusion. ' Our lanaa ; ja. '
terpreted, is a commendation aV'thenscmWa '
of that Orvler, and so wc intended it." 1 We
mentioned tho fttct thai some cf the injureOt
persons were brethren of the Order Bimpty
as a matter of infirmationv And
just what was true "the Odd J,elJowR';tool-i '
careot some ot tue wu4li,; They idi4 -not
take care of all, beeaase -shc Vaa' "
occasion for them to d That duty jukilyi
and naturally devolved upca jerV anj j fee -porformetltt.,
The Statesman has etxiei
to very low business in its attetipt to tertert
our lanitaae into a covert sh A or ataefc.'
upon CKld t ellows. Ji we thmk we re 1
nize the su gnat vhkh.bauM thai in it '
ear, which imprognated the- SUtesaiaa, with."
usveuum. The miserable imoet Iokm'im.-
vnuuikji u tiuueiHA atvng upoo any it
can. ltsmtply hurts itself, not others-
. . -. .. ' "'"..
. New Telegraph ldx$. Pro osals toerecfc
poles are advertised for by the American '
U. S. Telegraph Cmipauv, froja SwwtT'iUe.'',
California, to Idaho City. . ' - . .. :2