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About The state rights democrat. (Albany, Or.) 1865-1900 | View Entire Issue (Sept. 30, 1865)
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ALBANY, LINN COUNTY, OREGON, SATURDAY SEPTEMBER 30, 1805.
IlVn .1 'A !! AM fl !) a on
t ,ISSl Kl.KVEnY.SATfDAV, .,
PCBL1SIIER AND EDITOR.
CSeta, ver tha EUr tfJ. tf rcrM & Co.
tJ Cent- fr Otc Year ftS
Ok Vpy Six Heath - - -H
t9- Ptvmrut be lhaae la advance. In every
Tfco'l'sfer i?l tint ''ut to an Mrt
1. ni the trrtf Vetch htf Ive
fce pij' Ibr. " .V VwjiWt'fftr iriTf &
trHmi tm y tTe. ' ' , " '
' 1V R,' Itnt!r prior aoUca.riH" be Riven to
!h UiASVr of the" week tn ' which, hi mih
etffsffw t; tre, an-t ute an order for.t.
'emian-s, ' ''-aeinra9ieU Ua manor, IS
gtvea. t Paper will e.s dUentinm:tl to liiat
aidrtw. ' ' M :!,,;
jiai.;ki;..-r!:.' t i - ::
rr Cae "Saaar, efTwehi Lines, ar .
. !, On Ia9Ttia - - - $3
Ttr Sca Snts?ne-ct Iniirt'on X
.ft- A Liberal Reduction fcem tacts
Hater to Qnaiterly, Half Yearly and
Taarry Advertiser, and span all Lcngtay
Advertisements, will b made.
. cssslAx. -.ironcfii 1 ,
CorTMflclcnU writing irr attit( finainre
artoBytn'tn',' teii taaVe k'Wn th ir j rtpr
im to the ji lUr, or eo itention K1 J-e given
All Lett-rs ! Cowmwnifnlwws, w!nthr on
bsinemi or fir paMSMtioi hoM he tiJn.f.-'r J to
lleef Ire Frnrlle la Krtttnrky.
Kmtucky tri3 ftdt of the " rclclton "
States 5 the remained through U the lite
oiTjl war r Joyal State. Yet the AI
laintstration pat let ttntlor Iho K-.n. jtt
as It did any of the ' rebellious States,
in he Ute election , there. Ostensibly,
there is free pnffraje in Kentwky ; really,
tjbere is simp ly military sufirapj, or suf
frage by sufferance of the military. A
FederaL General trampled the Federal
hi State Constitutions alike under foot,
nd iaitTtuted his own tyrannous rrders
i& respect to the right of puilrage. Here
ia'irhat the Cincinnati Commercial pub
lished just previous lo the late election
id. Kentucky, wnich shows liow that ef
fa?r was managed J
We learn that omv six or seven candidates
for the Legislatttre in the central part of
. . i i f
lMmer.ou the ckvrg of JW.nrVhy: Tht,e '""""J hid bt!on.utd to the States
icneral has issued his orders - rcginating
voting and excluding from iLc pulb tlie fol
lowing classes : ?
i. All those who have served in the rebel
armv, in any capacity wnatcvar.
-2,'' AH those Who have furnished informa
tion toor harbiVJ anv aoldiers of the relet
army ; all who have assisted any soldier of
the rebel army r-y giVicgnmi liorses, i,ck.i,
" 3. Alt who have publicly rejoiccl over de
feats to the Union arms, or thereliel inva-iou
of the States all who have displayed reWl
lWs, 4 U. whs ia a: it mariner, hy won I,
4Btft or deed, directly or ii'iliretly, tmvegiwn
by aid," rsirafort or assistance t. the reWllivM,
ojmftifested nnj sympAtbvFirtite rete!s. :
All parties herein , najncho vvtc or of
fer iar vetei, will be arrested and tricjl by a
military Wbether detected on the
dayf fcetio of subsequently. ' " ;
;!.tftst of . the, ..." disloyal " candi
dates, and the prohibition from voting of
tfce iTialified elasses were not xily wut-;
rages la tricisely'esbut were also in, plain
yjolaiwatd the Amnesty proclamation of;
Priwideai Joliasea Yet thki bigh fuEw-j
tiojia efmtts his ' General to transgress
th,U- and Via . proclamation ia order
that Kentucky YiiayJbC jKicured to the
t4gcke-ia3ijujch eutragca. are most;crim-
lrrptnisa TowXaoa itniTTRt'Tn. Gen..!
ty is.Oakk, bas written a le4ier to an Aboli
tiao eKSBaittee that is likely t; income, tiie
stertiagpoiBt fr kv politicaieonibinatioua
is that tate; if ot in others. Heeaysthat
four years of practical e.sneneriW, 3armgthe
wafiai-e expLided all his preconceived na
tions on the tuyoctf Jaegioea&nd their re
lations to .white men, and that ho is pro
fofiodly convinced that the negroes they have
torn from their nornwU condition, and 4e
icted, C3Bt hereafter live in juxtapjsi-
tion with the wVite peopie, and therefore he
prop"wss to separate then, ai tori a iree nig
ees ,Jt -taies oa theiaodcl of llayti ad Daho-
meye ia the grea,t cetton. aad eugar regions
oth &Aith- Vi"estl .- Aad to this complexion
he, the whilom Abojitinist, has come at
last J 1 tear the Begrfrom his happy ana
Christian borne,, and sena bim back, to iaie,
n.on-rro5u'ui"r. snakeworsbipping African-
issi, f&& trie great; producing and exporting
"State 'to beuonie.tjarren-, wastes I Alas!
alaslwhV cannot the demented creature
nee one step farther, that is, to let the negro
alone altogether, and leave the people, wh
know bis nature and wants, to regulate the
Btaiter is the future as they did in the past ?
Tgt Goon Timi Comivg. -The New York
Independent, the Key. Henry Ward Beech
er'a psper, thus speaks of .the. happy blend
in; of the black and white races which is
art of. the millenial programme."
jfcsume that the Equality brethren in Ore
goa will gladly welcome the happy time:
This (the JiegTo) race has in it the seed
of a sweet and rich and generous culture. It
shall mix with ours, is beine mixed, indeed ;
a&d in.fsi-ure, weehall see a fruit of art, of
literature, eoeial Jife, tiie . product of this
prert irrsftinjr. such as has not yet been
eeen ia the world. " It is paltry in us to bold
sj eyes te close to the present, "as if in the
bj n of God there were not years of pure gold,
nv re 'jewel-rich, taore crystal-clear, to de
V '.t h .jC e res, to cheer the hearts, to inspire
tl.s s.Ita.ncio2 souls of men. The race that
'! p-erls this splendid continent is mt
yet Lorn,it is in the womb of time ; the eyes
c-f. tL'.s nerataon, nor the next shall not
Vaovr it,1, but they tnsy prepare f the way for
. ? ; Miming " . ..
41m L4 UVivrv vw --'0-
2ial V nited States Mint report gives
X ct ADJeneaa goia receiveu irom
1 . :1 1 j Z .' 18 I. at nearlv M,w,tKWJ
f i i-uouat ti'G,71S,S73 is credited to
TIIK COXHTITI TIOX-IL. VJII.M).
' 91 12 XT -; -
the i'CurosEs. of its authojis. '
The pending "Amemltneut to the Con
stitution of the tJhtted States is in these
wtrds : ' '
" aiBTici.t xin. ;
"Sec. 1. Neither slavery nor involunta
ry senttude, except ns n "inmishment for
Cf imet n-MV-wf the prty shall hnve hern
duly convicted, shall exist in the I'nitc l
Suites, or any place tihject to their juils
2. Congress shall have power to
enforce this article, by. Appropriate lejslu
tlon.' t '
' I WiT exnniine propose I' AmeiVb
meht irtw- nuhihers. 1 In the first, the
purpose of its authors, awl the pocr it
Would earry of itself, and aUo whnt it
would confer on Congress; in the soeuiid,
the '"cotnpefehey of two-lhirds "of the
house of Cohere and three -f mrths of
t-he Stated to make it and incorporate it
aapsft f Uo CoiKtitntion. The original
proposition of thia Ameu huvnt wa of
fered in the Senate by a meniher from
Missonrij'nnd consisted only of the lt
section. It was referred to the Commit
tee on the Judiciary, aud rejmrtod hack
with the 2d section - an auiendmcnt, by
the Chairman. Sen ttor Trumbull. d" Illi
nois, nn able lawyer and vehement Ah !:
tionit." lie, hnd the loaders of tha
party in Conrre-s, hail a elear um!er
staudma of their woifci in ireLtiuj up tUit
V" ... . 1. ' . i '. .1 ' .1
.iiifii:iut'm. . ii was 10 ie me nieaiin vi
makinjr a permanent asszreatioH t. the:r
party, thH would enable t to hold poWvr.
and they sourht to avert nttentiH), to
siue extent, fV.nn their project by cloth
ing this 2d section in general and acue
The Constitution ns it was framed t-y
the founder of our (Jovcrnmen. and a
it was ralifietl by the people ef the fcv
eraLStates, contains this provision ; " Cun
jrress t-hall have power to make all laws
wntcn siiau i;c i.(-j.f-v
trrrgnnj infn r.rf'ufioit the r.Tegoinjr
powers, and all other powecs vested bv
this Constitution iu the fiovernmcnt of
the United Statesj or any Pcpartment or
Office thereof." The great ht a to.-men
who constructed our Federal (lovcrnment
in Mtch - l.intiful harmony with State
Rights, and the legitimate powers, of the
State (loveruments, and the .liberties of
the people, iuvested it only with the es
sential powers to regulate isfVair? between
the United States and foreign nations,
and with the Indian tribes, and among
the States. The power to regulite their
own internal affair., which titn aud frum
iiKuij , wuuiu neer ac oeou fur-
remlercd or compromised by the men of
that day ; because they knew lull weii
that this would involve the cert.vn and
spce.Iy loss of the'r liberties. Tho'r well-1
consiilcred judg'.ueat was, that tic cl.:u.;j
quolcd would confer ample auxiliary
cr on the itcw Goyeruuijsst to enatdo it!
properly to cxecnte all the Pmite l powers-
delegated id it by the Constitution.
Twelve Amendments to the Constitution,
extensive, complicated and, of momentous
importance in their "matter, have since
been made. lut tintil nono person has
ever thought it proper W invest the flov
CriEientvof the Catted States wit li, any
other, or additional power than is import
ed by that clause, to enable it to execute
aH the powers conferred upon it, hoth'bv
flie original text of the Constitution and i
those' twelve Amendments, ul Seventy!
years of trial lias proved the power es-i
tablbhed and Invested by that clause to
vc sujacicntior cverv ierir:mare onicct.
' Then," the ' Section ot this proposed
Amendment was designed by its authors
to iayest Congress with more tower tluuii
it can now properly claim under the clause
oclorc quotcdj tor some purpose- If
their intcYitibn5 wns hiefvly to abolish ' invj'
loyevcr vnicraict. slavery m ainne oiares,
the 2d Section j would be wholly tmnecos--Sary..
For thpfc objects . arc. secured by,
the, 1 stv Section,, .and no' Congressional
legislation would be required to give 'it
fall effect.' ' A'parf of ' the rCo:istittitimV
of the Uaited State, it woukTbe the Su
premo Law of the bred ;" and every court
and of5ccrs of . the Federal (rovernmcnt,
and of all the States, would? be bound by
bis "oath'J and nh" express provision of the
Constitution,, to obey, and execute it,
"anything ia the Constitution .and laws
of . any. jState to the , contrary . notwith
standing.". :Anj negro held, or attempt
ed to be bcld, in slaycry, could 1 sue Tils'
wrofcg-doer; "x& bav tire1 j adgment tf "a
court ia favor .of bi froedoni, and also
for dani.igea.-and could have him indictpd
and punished under the common law lor
I- Whatj thon, was tbe spdeial object of
the Second Section, which could not be
effected by tbe power conferred by the
first, aided by the general auxiliary power
of Congress to pass all laws which should
be " necessary And proper to execute it?"
That important and coveted object is to
eonfer on alt freed negroes the right to
vote. This, the architects of such a great
innovation ini 'the Government of the
United Statesknow, would be Etubborn
Irresisted at every step? The first great,
and if not removed, insuperable obstruc
tion is this'Tmrvision trf the Constitution
of the United -States I " The House of
Representatives shall be' composed ofj
Members chosen every second year, by
the several. States, and the Electors in
each Stata shall have the qualifications
requisite for .Electors of the mast numer
ous Iraqch-of tle State Legislature."
Another great compromise of the Con
stitution was embodied in this clause.
After the Convention tad agreed that
each State should Have two Senators,
there was bnt little difficulty. in fixing the
principle, that their . Legislatures should
choose ihem. . But'tbe electors of Repre
senta.tives was a subject 'of much 'diffi
culty, and -of prbtrieied consideration by
the . Convention. Among the States
there were' numerous,' and often conflict
ing variations, as to the person's, and
their qualifieations, of their electors; and
a persevering effort was made to organize
a homogeneous system of electors of Rep
resentatives for all the States. - But the
f?taUt syatoiuai were ao espcniially differ
ent. and the peoole of each State were so
st ron ly attaelied to their own, that it w as
found impossible. This "vexed question
whs VrtttvpSMtniiped, by allowing to eah
tato to, determitJe whftt 'classes of its
eitizem should be the cleetrs of Ilepie
sentalives. and what should bo their i-uat-iCeations,
by incorporating into the Con
stitution this provision, declaring' that
the electors win choose the niont an mor
ons brauth of each State l.eyislat ore,
should also choose its llepiesentalives to
Congress."- When this principle was
reached it satisfied all th StaWs.' arid it
beeaiiM another trtt iK,'tifii i'fyhl tinder
thq Countit utioAi - . J t ls est AhliHhod
lioiuweneousness., jn this,., matter of the
electors if lleprescutati. es , to, Conuress
in Several aspect's : T. 'biaeb State was
invested for itself v with the "nme wpsirafe.
i dependent, full, ami ejial powfr over
the subject. 2... 'i ho eoiiftituoiiey of the
leiniHTutic fciittire ol'o;ich State, both in
the (teneral fJuvernmeiit and 1ier own.
were to fie'ahd Cnntinwi the ; samA. Iiw
ever thev might be changed iu ; the per
sonnel aud 'jualifieat ions, from time to
t oiiibiuaUous ot Statcj tobudd
op. or rut i!u:i a clas or c
es of e.sec-
tors. r any features of qu-il.hcations.iSuiub,' fceiuj-o.i". U ..liutiioerMtic
were imposil lo. Until this proic'plo of! has carric j1 ' sdavory Mvti enough."
t ti ( 'oiwt ' I u I i . m mIhiii!:! bt ruiiKTib iir'vi.i., l'.. ' it,, ,.,..,.v"
- -.- - ;
i:? the tree 1 ncivo oi Hie slave .'la-c i
inve-te! with the re. hf ' suffrage, for s
biajj ns the decision of the qucMion rested
with tluv ; while .people fithestt Sutes.
'hey w uM 1'iexor.ibiy withhold from thai
r.uo tins trin-epii.leii political power.
They would never confer it on S'H.fHXl
frel negw men: 1st. because they ure
an inferior , raej by Viou'a creation, aud
whotiy incapable of acting any part in c
representative goverament, without pro
ducing great miseb'ef. 2d, the white
people of the slve State know, that the
freed uegro- is the natural ally of the Abo
litionist, an ! would exercise this great
political power in absolute f uLserv;eiiey
to biio ; and they could not be brought
to mske this largo contribution, still fur
ther to augment the. ptfwcr and nggrati
dize the fortunes of their oppressor.-, and
aggravate their owu wrHg and humilia
tion.' 15ut the Abtditioiilsts and radicals mu-t
add to their number aud increase their
political strength r they will loe uiftce
and power f ?rvt ,. It matter not w hat
important State rigb. w hat great princi
ple ofCotistiuition.il faw, or of just, wise,
aud permanent policy of administration
may be ia tho way of the consummation
of their designs. They are ever ready to
aerifiee all that, or anything that may
thwart their grasping and unappeasable
se!fi-hne, provided it can be done at the
cot of ether people, and without detri
fucat to tlientiieoe.; ,
'ibo Abolitionists are in power; tbeli
List b pe to bold it to itnest the freed
negi'o with the right to vote. The great
nee I is to obtain a power, direct or indi
rect, by which the right of suffrage may
be conferred upon the freeuinau. ami
which would not prejudice the Abolilion
i.st and the riidieals ; and this cannot be
done withoTtt' abolishing'' or "modifying
thJ provis&m cf the Constitution, which
invests .each State with, the power to. fix
nhoehall.be the c'ec'.ors -of her Ropre
seJitativcs ill Congress; aud 'to "attempt
d irrrthj to cJiotifh tht provision of the
Consfittition.ro as to secure their object,
would probably bring to the movement so
much of public attention aud disapproba
tion as to defeat, it. Therefore the second
section of this prrtHscd ' Amendment,
Coagrok? sh::11 have poiver to t a force"
the fi-ecdoau of. the. negroes . declared by
the first scction?i?":hy appropriate, legisla
tion.was deslgucd, Ibis "vague section,
few 'serve''tbe purpose vf 'tBe;Voden
hoi c in wbleb !thewrttied ireeia'ns1 got
admittance: within the; walls 4( Trhv.r I'f
-iTIiis .firsfc section ,willr modify tho exist
big provistcQ of the Ciinsiitution iu, rela
tion to electors of lteprc.-ctitatives in 'Con-'
grcFsj'to tbeT extent of ill tho -' freed ne
groes of the; United - States,! and invest
Congress with the .wwer to iusU. laws
which the ; Abolitieoist. who oustitute
the majority in ! both bouses, may asiuuie
to be expropriate to "eupport their free
dom. JjHwtteelariiig'-tbem to be citi-
zeus of the United i States, and ,)Lo'be,en-
he RhaM bc''a' witness 'aiw a juror iti
courts ; ' thht ho ghaUbave . thJ right to
vote,, and be eligible, to office alike with
white men; that.negrp children shall be
aumitieu to iree scnoois; anu. mat an
State laws prohibiting intermarriage be
twecn the white ami Uie black races shall
be of no..' effect, ;.will be . passed : by Con
gress on the claim, that they, are K'f'ppro
priate to enforce the section that frees
the negroes. The argument now is, that
if put in the enioyment of all the rights
here enuinefatedi it would bo impossible
to impugn their freedom that without
those rights ireedom would be but a de
lusion; that therefore a' law of Congress
conferring upon them all those rights
would be appropriate', legislation to up
hold, to enforce their freedom. ; , When
Congress, without any special power, has
passed a law declaring that the wives arid
children of all negro soldiers, who had
before that time or who might thereafter
enlist) shall be free,' and without compen
sation to their' owners, can scepticism
doubt, that, being thua instracted and
empowered by this section, ; it would pass
such laws, and that they, would by tus
tained by the weak and profligatg courts
oi this day, . composed , of, suca , men as
Chase, et. id onuie genus? .
This ameridment of the Constitution is
intended to give ultimately to the Aboli
tionists and radicals bUu,UOU treed-negro
rotes, diffused over fifteen States. In
some it would exceed, and' in others the
negro would approximate the entire white
rote : in all it would be formidable, in
Kentucky it would-now number'- 40,OOU,
while her returning gable exiles from the
Southern States and Canada; would soon
uodiliel by nix ueudinet,,the. Alfjlijjrve tt stri'og'h -and e!eee f its criijd
ii.K;ts r.n I r:el;eits eoi'.! l not h. ( e to! lates? Aro the. upstarts who. f.r the
titled to all the, rights, jajd . priyilege of
citizenship ;"that the negro shall be 'equal
with the Svbite iiian' before the law'; thai
make i.,lWMI.- What pijratttie "scheme
to n!raudi7.e and perpetuate the power
of tho Abolition jHii ty I ; t r
ltISIJ ii:ai ISSl FS,"
The fidlowing from ati u 1'iiMibj netted
I'cmocrat," of Kric, New York, can be
read with j r lit by genuine lciijoeruts in
Oregon as well as in New York
The bove is an 'Xpresxioii which con
stantly meets the eyeiaiil Cars of wln ni
socTer -daret. T these times., to fjosik of
our mtmbm of goveVuiiient, as; if armed
power luol tvit, by UMirpalioit, well B:gL
arfolrjpliib.cd il.-t overthrow. , Kspf cially
do we bear it from. th,e 'radt3 id' " NVar
fVin M j-io'r.' Tliey s?f-m to be tttiireirVnt-''
f!ed thn Hwdr' lenders' !u nd ftlliH.
lilat k . llejjuldscaits, at any M-utiirfenr
which dy(Su it admit the justice id' a roy
olotion iicfomi lished .by vloleiit mnim
: th,. w hit-h tirt one J.;
I mil .-in
id l.itv1t -s .iirtre. Wf?iit are tbci-o
spak withoni iiictirring th rae of the
" tj crniB.ont V or iiio !soajI id' t h "iWr
PeinNacy ''" , You are forbid tydetnmncc
tbl 1:it'i',,.i-iiu-il.tv r,rrr Ttto-L
llcjMi'di-:frvtit. or to reprobate the foreb
ld destrnetion d he labor fvtem of the
' v . , ,i,v, i ill" . i ; , i i i i
!.u-t, i hx Not-. baVt bten in eytitr
1 01 n'
, V' Ul
n, m-ifiiitaiu-in,. a. J'cyble aioJ
! jn.'(iou t. the Abolition 'ievo-
fnrioirst. Rro th-y I he' fence t-.it:e p:ir
ty ?" Are the men --wbo tiuidity, love
ofuiUcoatii i-4 ilidiii'jH have euabbrd our
r s 4 i n i t o be v v e r t h i v w n , t h e
rV!:::i r ;Ht h.
u!e.-o irgbe.-t 'idea !' pa'ii'.C-iu is the
profession of nb j rine!T.h ns may for
the time win the popular tar mid give
them success at the polls, to ignoro the
millions of voters w hoe. fcutimetits they
di; ; regard ? What right have they, when
by their leiigu-.! with I'lat-k llepublieaiiism
(hoy have neeomplishei tb' le-trnetioti
of the Soutbern States for the Union, to
ti-h out from the ruins uf 1,'cmocracy a
Sew Miivered planks, and construct there
with a new platform? What becomes of
the grind 'and timo-bouore I principle on
winch tho i'eitM.' ratio rty won siieces..
carried o the, government and brought
the country to the h;ghot ceiiditiou ol
Neither mu-t one spNikf $U)v Rights;
that also is a " dead issire." Tbft H 'so
lutions id' were Dciiiocraey in lNt).l,
so aid the Convention, but now thcsi
men say i? never was heiooeraey. For-'
haps thj i another burden " that the
" l.'cinocratie party " b id to carry. The
subvid iiution of the uegi race to the
white, and the .Jeffersoiiian' doctrine of
State Rights, may have been 'burden,
but they were two principles, to . which
the Democracy adhered through seven
decades of our h;Htorv. The " Doanoe
raey '" of the N. Y. World, and its hui-tatv-r.s
aud futlowci?, carries no such
"burdens" as principle'.
It is rriijiiiial to deny the right of the
Federal Government. ; -while in the hands
of n faction, to coerce povereigu Stale-,
who had Yesylvod to .alter, their form of
governiiieiit. Why not yield tothe "loic
of events, and "accept ati h'ccom'pli.-1ied
fact?" My these trimmers and time servers.
1 hey ! cannot perceive the difference be
tweetir; etfrrce.4 nubm.in.iion ia lawlrt
jwtrrr while the .power lasts, and pro
nouncing riiAt the mjts of this law-less
power,' which they themselves have do
uoiinped for' fouri ycarsj and proved by
incfintrovcrtiblc; arjgiuneoU to. be , Uncon
stitutional., usurpitig and it ifaiuwn?.,,
I We believe tlrat the (lo'vcruuicht estab
lished" by the"1 ConMitutio'rt' cf ItStli' ahd
eoiitiniioibti thof4th dnyyd' Moreh,' l?Oli
'i-any;tW-i 5.WliiW rJlrttt'rfv Covferiimenti)
lUxiiul, it 7 was fMUiiddon the priuciplos
of conseufol the governed: third, to en
'-., - -:.- - . i . ' ' . -
Sure? the practical working ef these prin-
other, members iof ; the Confederation or
by the ' Federal "ti'verniueut,n.. Could re ,
some its delegated ipowerts. ?. s . .
! t Tli'w bping the tlpoory oli ovr Govern-
meut, aud aduiirably.desigced .tjO ,car,ry
out. the great ldeot lscjiiibhcauism by,
affording the means iur peaceable revolu
tipii by-uri i' injured people; instead of a
bloody one, as, under,, Kurojican absolut
Lsiu, w'lat bas -bocu -done since to ;alter
Our - foriif of gpvprnmcnt ? It Las ! not
been changed by the' people, and tho peo
ple rire the onlyoncs wno have the right
to' alter it. ' ' A lactiotl in one section of
tiie Confederation, baying gotten posses
sion, or ,the bpdenu .(..overimient, prq-
ccc Jed, to carry outj wy.li armed power,
certain political tlieories w'h'ch lieretofore
the people had steadily voted down, lo
these acts of the RIack .Republican fac-
tioif the, j e iple huva never given their
assent.'" 1 hey have 'yielded to the " logic
of bayonets," but have not surrendered
one jot nor tittle of Itbeir cherished ,cori-
yiCtions. Lnder mistaken views, and
with erroneous policy, seven millions of
people representing over one million ot
voters and oue-third of the entire poll at
the Fresidential election or" li50, have
been engaged in combating these revolu
tionary actsi of so-called itepublicanispi
with bayonets audcannon. In the North
deafly one-half the population have stcad
Oy rejiudiatcd Abolitionism at the polls.
lhe; South, wrtli ' its ' tnillion" of voters,
was ignored, and the northern Democra
cy wrre overpowered by ballots' and bay
onets, while the Southern people were
put dotf n by bayonets alone. 1 he Black
Republican party, in numbers and in the
reason and justice of "their cause, triumph
ed over the Amkuicak People, by means
of their timidity and unprincipled leaders,
aud its own indomitable energy, and utter
disregjird oi law and tne popular win.
There are no " dead issues. Amdfican
Democracy ' 'and' ; Republicanism j '' over
thrown 'for' a time by a usurping faction,
that has violated every '.law, human and
divine, wili rise triumphant from the
ruins, when the people on our side shall
ciplcs, the Conioderfttioii of States vrtiSftiV4 thaurN-nl-rar preludicmhen ihpposdtscp.aratipn. .Now, to what one m
tornico, ana to proiecT itscit cacti Mate, cuuiunting Uitiiriiehts tit .citizenship a.upou fcdoes the " veetaration 1 reter, When it en
A - , . . . . . .u .. i .. i . I ' .. i . . 1 - " .-. ... " . . " ii. , Hi S , i " ; I i ' i
when its 'rights -were invaded either by thenearovdTo bo'a, ci tixon-.fi is nt tdohe thara decent respect rvr.' the o
hav'e leen cmaneipntnd - from the oppres
sion of military force, and on- the bthef,
shall have banished from their councils
the 1 d-ee-spekirs and tlme-sfrTprs that
hard disgou'ed tlie cauwo of lU-UHH-racy
by their diluted Ab4iti.iuismi If the
l'emociatii! party, that lias been the
champion of constitutional law and Amer
ican liberty, islicrehl'tcr to be a mere or
gatiiiation for the control of public plun
der,, and if bU niocroey rs , hereafter to
mean only a weak anI impotent opposi
tion to Illaik Republicanism, the mnuier
wft hnve it new party, pledged Vi nicns.
ij-hostility Nkuro KrinALiiy. and a
sturdy ami , ayihliiig litfietu-e td" ,-.Ul"
Ct N .pi AVt S V 8t :.M, the . be ter . fur
America, for hnVmtfiifv, and'for liberty.
nintt ksixti TIIK K., ISSH K.
Wc extfaet i he following able and clear
t jniolli'rlt uf i'ditiJal Issues fro.ln H ?peeeb
iMlvcred by Oen.' (Teorgo W. Tdor
at .'lount ernoi,
C lh to;'' on the 4th ifj
iily. I, f 'every lictuwrat
In flic bind
'Ui'i i.i it - i 4 i 'ciicni:cs; is iticre n ot Boiii' t ulig tinou
Wrinhl lake liol'pof suinei-t in the style i, - al . . . . . K. , n, , ,
' la tit 1li. i..f.t I ti, I - I .ol.,,..l will.
of the ' followinir jirguRif'hts, we should
soon ,;,tf,n Abolitiiiiiists "oh of ex-
iHenei' : . --',." - :" '
'They say that till met! are created equil ,
anil qu ite 'lhe '-slK-lurntHn rf J iidejtcitd-l
cttco,' ':, to. sustain' t li assertion. Now, the!
phrase. " nil :iof n are created equal."
u-i'hi r tipplies to tbu wh'de buioaii funilv.
or cie u was uc-i nr n iimnf i itiitj rcs-
trieteii ses. iM'Mirixf 1-oorik' ol aeoni-i
muii 'iiiu, -us the decandatiTV of Kuro
I'cans. If the i-hrase botrue in a' ttn-
oral -cu e. then the t Digger ofiaU tlie f re-v- e-tcrri States, Iron Ohio o(
tbe: Rocky Mountain, who has m iute.fi-
Ctloi? I-ifi'jiiage. t ut ( lolt'er J;ke tin ape.
s the crvateJ e-j'ial of tho Kngli-liiiiilti.
the ticrnaii. tho Irisdiuiun. the Seotch
man or the Aiuericai!. ; AnI if such is
true of the " Root I'iggcr" it is cmiallv
true of the Ifotf enlots id' Scnth Africa.
I'oes uny sow mti ix'i.eve timt snch
the fuel ? If so. whv is it that I he, ' ibioti
Iiili:cr"aiid the ' Hottentots" have never;
.. .". 1 ... .i . i i . ..ri i '.. ... v
eaooc...e. os.gr.. Vl r'ur1,m,i:-..y..-u.v-M 'V
IWs ny .me behevo that the Kast Indian j w tins? 1 low are we to rt-cwcile the
is the creatc'l equal ot the i;nton r itjcoiiunci oi ine union roan m tiinnning!
so, how ltai'i cih it tliat more
hundred millions Last IiidiaiiH w re t riu-h-1
ed and conquered by less than sixty
sand Uritoiis ? And the American lu-
idian. is be theereated equal of the' White!
3laii r : It Ro, kIij- i.1 it that all attempts)
te civilize, mm bad, proVCd noailaiuholy
failures ? Ami the negroes of Dahomey
end Congo, from whom the negroes of
tho United States baxt descended-,: are.
tloyy, t4.. the equals of Americans? The
King of Dahomey has at this mono-fit his
human racrifiee.. nnd luxuriates iti his
bath of human blood. If the negi race
was eqnsl tothe Kufoppiitt, or even to the
Asiatic race, would they not, at some one
period kiicc the b' rib of Ham. their first
progenitor, have emerged from the bar
barism which enshrouds them ? After
the overthrow .f the. 'Ronton 'Umpire,
religion, i civilization, - literature were
obscured by tic centuries known as the
dark age; but the intellect id' te white
race at length broke forth, dimly it lir.-d,
but afterWard.4 with an cft'nlgened ' which
illttniliinteU-- the 'world.; ot so with the
negro, for relatively ast JiOs wa tbousandi
of year flgA o i he now, r.nd so mu-t he
ever remain, Tor iiUcii is fho law .of bis
beingis But it may IjC said that the Degr
must be taught to read uad w rite, and
thus be mado a good citizen. Ilducation
is a gou-J thing, but where there is native
iutclligeuce, is it induq ensible to cojisti
tuta a gotAl . -citizen ? When' HNaurdy
barons forced .Kiug John t grant them
the Great Charter,' not-onc-auiong ihem
Could hBrrito- .hLi nam ?yei ey laid the
foundation -.wfoiLngliM libcrtya And
where there ii uoti naUyonfcUtgeuiue,fOt!e people to dissolye the political bands
kuoWittc-ltutv. to !raib-i writo ro not
.suffiekinx imliflcatiuhs6 . eitizdasdiipi i . "
I id nm nvtuct dated ?b( !any fboling- of
r.Si!..a.i j t a ' i. . 1... ...
tOihare-tho! rixht to vtite but' to beeonie-
judg, juntir,ud legmlate! wu thes' are
rights which bcbuig to ciCjaen&uip. 1 lut.
it.will.be said, , that .? if the negro . is - riot
competent li! these . high duties, ho wiD
become o There ' aro tree negroes now
liyirtg iq.tha United Sutos, whose grajid
fathertf wero free;, be fore them, but the
grand-child, of; ,to-lay. like tho -grand-parentis
of ,a past generation, is i-inferior
to the .wiii la man .. , 1 J e Awe Aha Sebe Uivn,
there were; half a miUkm of: free, i blacks
Tell me, dm; who; can, the names r of a
dozen who have -become, remarkable- as
moeaaics, ,-f;a-,iners,, poets, painters or ora
tors J:; Au emigrant, ship, on, the- other
hand, arrivesfrom Europe, porcbuBce with
persons; on. board who can neither load
nor write.':i 3Iark the- effect. of a . single
generation., ,The child da. an ; American,
it learns to read, to write, .to, think to
act like an: American, and, in fact, is an
American, Such was the case with An
drew, Jackson. Iiis father was poor,
ignorant an"di de?tituto ; necessity drove
him from t he- , shores of Ireland j and his
firsts boru boy after reaching tho United
States, not , only became i President, but
took rank among tho first statesmen of
tho age,;;;But it is said thatJhe war has
proved the capacity of the negro for self-governments--
his right to become a citizen.
Id hat does theiproof consist ? ,:Lt it. in
the ljct tha negroes, free or slaye could
not be i found oi'i sufficient intelligence; to
make, lieutenants, and that all commission
ed, officers of: black regimertts are white
men ? Does, that fact prove the equality
of races ?tbe right to become a citizen ?
Was. ,diis: ;; capacity : for eelf-goyernment
proven by the conspiracy at Charleston
to murder; their white officers, and all
white citizens, out of. gratitude for. being
made free ? i Or is it to be , found in the
mutiny of the pegro troops at . Memphis,
Norfolk and, Portemouthii'i , ( - i
The capacity of: man; for - self-govern
ment has lpng been, a fruitful subject;. of
.!:: . n -.i-ii
uioijuaaiuu t cvii-guwriUUcUV la Stul
regarded, as an experiment,, In Great
Britain, with her thirty millions of in-
habitants, the entire real estate Is owficd
by thirty thousand persons, who within
thcmwlyes coBstitule the (Sovernmeut,
arid J'Ct tliat V?vfri)iiient is regarde-l
as, and jicrhaps is, the 'most liberal
in Kurope. Vet the? great iriaf-s iti
that population have no more to do
with legifJation than have the cattle lhat
browse oi Kulatid's green UJcadov.s
Free institutioDH cannot be tio ro surely
overthrown than by the degrndatidft '5f
the ,n I lot. Itcbnce suffrage, and it will
Ive cither abolii-lted altogethcri ?r cohtrolb
ed, icj it.tircat riritaiur y torruptiou.-
I is a f,et 8rtg.retive of, reflection, 'that
those eoiiihinuTtics w1ii h blive ' In' their
nitdsi the Mrtallest ' htrVnbef of hegm'S.
are the most Mrctinom ft'lvm-ates of fwrT
suflragc. , Thus MaiNtvhue t,, - witlj bef
nine.llioiisaiid ,colu.rl j-opnlatii ti, lojij.
tlre yan s (he chainpion of l.btk citfzea
sM)i -' 7Jut ts it Hot strange that trid
should i-hnh hi incr and svnMsthbim
. . -
frieiiiLs ,io MaSsjichwiScttt1. d st-ek a bot
uu;n the pv'op!'- ,f, .Maryland . an I Yir-
gmia. w lio are reort-i u?ed as his v. orst
1. . .1.
; n ,l;t.rir,i ..zuS.J , u.
.... ... . ... ...i.v ."V I. J.M.I.ITI'J. T-Jtii
' :ill bo r fraft rnal regard' 1W- ' tha fable
-',n of Afcica." bid. tsccrjbg t . the
census if lW, oiilj- twtii'y-tbree 'thou
sand n ltd twciityii)'; iie wi!ii a white
population "of ' licartjf " tw) :::M'a half mib
lioiis t While the bve State i f M'ary
Lisd, with a ,;white-ipulati'!fi- of less
than half a milln-h, had a i ' jojlatioji of
sere nt v-four thott-.anl nsven huiidre f aridU',1 Ufife,a .f nil. and probably a
twent V-three r f ' And. indeed. 'AJ fi w
,u ', ., . u , , i i--mrt tttrre. . ye have ref.sfn to behove.
iHt rensus ; tow, thai New Lngland and ; furthf t!ait 'tnal of Davis will not
tiie 1 ucitic. .ceji.fa-iie-1. five thou'and, four
buud red and twenty-lire. &wr I'rco blacksj
ihn tm S'-J'i rf M-irvh-nd -ler" 1 nd i utiU-r U!C autnoruy atu orders oi lans id.
Vireiiiia, with- k-T-wbite ppulatijh ofr'' f'U'1 Kilfj can.
i ' (i,,;' -t i . i- t i i i fwhirc snfmractorr prifs of this, of course
ls ha .1 i tie b unbred thousand, had f'hl, WiniM f-liaporUmt,. testimmy for .
fifty-f. or ; thousand three, hundred ;andi,w Uj.n tbo trialef lii. This tnd "other
tlarty-thrce irt-c blacks : while Masachu- cireuio--(anccs me likefr toWtmme the trial
sett, with a white imputation of fivej'f I'av? fr some iaoi"ith..;- rtEis probable
hundred and fci-hty-ono tic
hundred aud thirteen, bal .
i l .... t- 1 ,.,i i;5v.- i .,. .t
Hi Wti'te lirotlicr. ol . .c( J.Sit'Jan'l, who
is s- fulU-f words it expressing his fr.i-
ibou-jiVtnal love for hmi
of the colore I man
H it the instinct
which teaches him
that the men f Xew KngJLind are not
"is inemi.-i tnai tney io riot wfcU to serve
tbc echoed man, but to be K-rve by him ?
That if the negro wishes for kiudnc-ss
and hiippy homes, that hemuf seek them
ebowhere than n the icy sdi'ires of New
Knghmd ' Or, will itte' taid that the
black iimu eaiiaot eudnre a cold climate ?
If stu b bo the fact, then it is prt-ven that
he i- not the equal of the 'white inan,"to
whom all eliriiates ar-.- nlikt;. Th sturdy
.New &DgIahds?r, the har!y n3 et Iroren
Norway and Denmark, . form prof-porous;
Colonics in Texas, Jlexico and Brazil.
while the mercurial children of sunny
Iren of sunny
i '.I it"
ry are acknowl-jrf.pije?lj
France for cenfurie? have
l-itju the l anautw r end they ;
kod to lie tho bust guides. emidoVod
mid the snow drifts of, the "Rocky ,Mpun-
But'does this Petl.ifatbmr:'f Independ
eneei'fatrly CotisfrtieJ, mean that nil men,
without Tegard to race,,; are equal?, ; To
interpret a doultfiil paH any .instru
ment, the iiitcn'if'U of the writer must be
aseerfaincd ; it mtist be1 considered in
cmncction with itsconftnits--tbnt is. with '
refercneo toHvhat precede or folbws the
doubtful , lttu?n or sentence, the true
meaning of which is sought. to be ascer
tained, and the clauso Itself must be con-
ijidercd vvif h reference to the subject
BKitter'treated of" . ' ; ,
J 3!li4 V JeekiraUon".-i1nwencc3:by rayr
WhiehuhaVc c'ohficCt6'd ihem' wit"h an'otlier
peopleaMeeent-- Tctipect 4oi the 1 opi nfows
off Biuulilnd requires-) illiat ! Uiey.nhoald
deetarc t;ho, caupes wbisuh 4tapcl,;tbern to:
mankind requires that they should declare
tlus :os uses which impel them tdsepiixation?
The. State?, were :f i occupied bjA wbitoi a
red and a black peopjo does the expres
sion' " brif people" refer' to the ''wh'f.e,
black and ted people-er to:?bbly :one of
them Had the negtoes f the Colonics;
any political relations w'jt b Great Britain ?
-o;, ior uuupr me auiuoriiy oi uxcai
Britain tbby ' were' 'bought and sold ?.S
property.' 'Hence ' the negrces were: not
a partr di' tliat (people vJboiiidieaolved it-lie
political bands ; .-whicb t .united , then . to
England: . Tasthe .position of the Indi
ans, in a pahtical 'sense' different from
thdt of : the 'hcigrow? '1 No ;' became the
Briti1t GovdrntttrjiJi regarded the Indians
as iuere Savages, who were, to be, cleared
away with the wolf and the bear. Then
as it was neither "thd .Indians' nor the
negroes who dissolved the political bands
which united the Colonies with the
mother Country, it must . have been the
whites. who did so. , But this,, is rendered
certain frohi the fact - that.the Colonists
were the direct Offspring from Great
Britain, while' ithc other races had differ
ent origins; and neither The Indians nor
the negroes were represented, directly or
indirej?4ly, in the Congress which publish
ed the -u Declaration." Hence, then, it
isyconelosive that the word " people" was
uted in that instrument in a special sense,
trjlnean white .people, -i or ithe Buropean
Rice) from which the colonists sprung, ...
..Again, the clause of the Declaration"
already referred to, says, " a ibfgfcnt res:
pect for the opinions ot mankind, requires
that the causes which, lead to the separa
tion should be made known. Now," the
word M mankind" taken in its general
sense means the whole human family, but
it is evident that such was riot the mean
ing of the framers of the " Declaration "
for copies of that instrument were sent
lo the nations of Europe'- bdt hot to any
other peoplei Then the wordi-mankind"
as tised in tKe " Declaration" refers excln-
sively to the ; Europeari race, for had it
been ; intended to mean, the people of
ii,:- - "p 4 m. -.-j 1 .
sioners would haveteen appoinfed to have
eomrouBieatcd the1' IWclo'ration'' to thenr,
as well to the natMns of Earopie, which
was not done. ; It is clear then that the
words people''-and u mankind" are used
in that instrument in a limited, and not ii
a general hene. v . - - . -
; The " Declaration" then goes on ; to
say : we hold these trtiths to be self eTl
dciit, that all men ore created enaU
and in a general sense, the words " an
men,", like " lnankind,'! em braces fhe
whole human family. Jlu.t was such, the
intention of the framep flat paper
A moment's refleelf'jn m&A 'Satisfy every
one that the wofd " all bieh Irko man-'
iiiid" were OBlyiiieii4eI.ti,!apdy!td tha
European race, and, have, -bo, reference
either to iif grM-s or to Iidiaris. Whcrt
the " Iicclaration"5 waptitlished,' 'every
one f f the" (fu'rfeeft Htatei. !held plates,
and thit author that? pajwr vil himelf
slaveholder, , Is it, then, reasonable to
..." .... . ...
suj ptifq that eurd'ather.i ioteaded 1o jro-el.-uisi
(bat the negroes -boin f hey bougTil
and sdd a-f property, wete created equals
with themselves 1 Ou theotitrary.by tb
Constitution wL ch was afterwards 1'raBied.
negro f'avery was rot only ,r ra aJgnizod-,
but the ii!ipor!atioa of negro slaves froni
Africa w.is &utlirizett 'In express terms
until the vetr 1'). "i 1 "?
Tile TiiiAt, or.iJr.rF. iJris. fte New
Y-jrk Fost yf August iStlj, says : f , ; w
A wll'-inforinel. corr?r&ndent nt Waeh-
ington vrit vt- that Jefferson Davis will W
hegun until that t f Wcrtz is toncludel. The
j frsr n'!s nml ciunel of Wr-rtx Iw-pe, H is said.
to dear him. by proving tfcat he wftt'-wejtlni
lousan b cigbti that the rehel nrchies captured after : the
lily tb'pjp.,, 'surrender cf.Johustont and now under Dr.
.J 'i v-i, r I LseVr's charge at Washington, will befcdrv'
tr'HS. i jiy t f. j. i :.
ou-hly exairtinl for d(H.ament4sry evidebe'a
,t,re t,.e tr-U fjf coufse if lavis
,3 .tried in Kkhmbi-d, "ti new indktment will
I. have to fe drawn timl foudff by tb Grand
Jury ot Uiat kstritt. At present lie baa -been
indicted only in the Iiistrict of Colem-
l.ia. The new irTdictment will rrot'abJy mf"-'
raign bun on other ounts than levying war?:
. - . . . - t -
it will perhaps contain a count cbarginghinv
jonrr of wari '
! . .
wii me piow anu ux-iioerate muraer oi pna-
Gen: Lrt. A Yirginian writes the fub
lowing :u the reu-son why (leneral Lee made
application to President Jyhnson Tjt a par
don s '-; - !" ! 4 - ',T"'-7
Ifad tiie General eonshlercd his own 5 fceli
ings alone, lie would have died sooner tit art ;
humble himelf and a just cause by a seeta
iiiS admission that it wjfis wtVmff. ' His "ani r
plication was one more proof of .his loTe for I
" "try. 1 here were thoutrands of high-.
f .v ung men in me .-soutn wno meaitai-.
cf expatriation thcmielv; and who, when
( wfT ,Ley dJd m)t 6Wk for m
tmtf G(n; hft1
dune an, -
t"' vmng men in the South who meditat-:
they wonld not. After a Ion straffffle With 1
his inclinations believing thit thcut young s
men ought to be saved to the country whose
future they were sb well, qualified to adoMV
and, by partieipatiii in the ; righti of rit& -
zenship, to guide and shape, the General hud;,
done violence to his own, feeling, and mad '
the reqnestJ k '
.I. ...... : S r . '.
Abolition ' FKEtDosr7' The brief para-,
graph below singularly demonstrates tne '
practical " freedom" which the negro is re- ,
cei ring nt the hands of the Abolition human-' 3
itarians. They lake hirri from k'nd masters,' '
from plenty and contentment, and leave him '
to rhierably perish :. :t 'juii if-rN!..
A corresondont of tiie AllaatalEtelligeay t
cr relates a .touching .storr. ';Comingtd
Atlanta en Momlay last,w?neay9,' 1 ! saw
aa oil freedworaan lyiag oa. theaide f itaii
road, doadt in4 two younger one standing,,
by lter'reioair.sV I bsked what had leentba
'matter w ith her. wTJie reply 'ftoiri "aie of '
theg'rrls was: -'Sit perish air iut'T
.Barnum's great; caxd U'bM I' Itt4s j
dead, and now every one know what itreab.
ly -was. It win reeollecfed 'that1 wheft
people conlCnded'that tli eeeAtiire Whiib then
great ghowman.invehted with so, much mys-
tfcry was nothing but a! defcrraed negro boy;i
he always declared -point blank that they 1
were entirely. wreng , And so they were, it, ?
seems, for now we have it from Barn unr
himself that. it ;wa s girl! "She. died -last
spring at tha Wet.,.;!!, vvs? : '"fr l--Kd-i:
.The Ciricinnati't3azettfe ttavs that ' Booth ' '
tiie assassin is imog initha torth cf .Soot-''
land. It pretends that letters have been re-..
ieeived Stating that the man shot by Boston
Cortett resembled Booth, and that he was ati '
accomplkS) but that' tha; real destroyer, of. '
Mr. Lihioln was then on his way to Lu rope
in a sailing vessel on which be" engaged paa '
sage at Bauimore. ' .K i -
"Brick" PbmeroT thinks this is a queer
world; fc&ause in. Washington Mrs. Surratt;
a woman innocent .of , murder was hung,; ,
and Miss Harris, who ' killed a man, was
tried and found not guHty ; while a man for 5 ;
sftabbing slightly a woman who' had ruined
him was sent to prison for eight years f . r
George, Lord Bishop of Victoria, was asked ;
whether, after twenty years', residence in ,i
China, he honestlv thought he had one good '
Christian among nis so-called Chinese eon-
verts, and he replied y-. .'' No no one that . .
believers really and sincerely a Christian."
There is a family in Detroit of, quite un-
usual composition, r Tha father and: mothet r
have each'married three times, and have had "
children by each marriage, and all are now t
living iiapptly togetner ander one roof ut -t
sets oi cniiaren. , . .
-.The New York papers estimate the popu--.
la t ion of the city, by he census returns now,
nearly completed,1 Tn "round numbers at a::
million,- and the population ef the State at i
four millions, .three hundred and fifty thous
and. ""- "; ' ' -
m , -r-r,., j . .
A Mrs; Ui j living near Mount Pleas
ant; Cooper county. Mo.,1 was delivered, on 1
17th of July, of a child vrith one head, four
arms, four hands, four lees and four feet; , :
Ihe mother is doing well.
The population of Chkaw is estimated by
the publisher of the new City Directory, a
225.000. The Chicago papers are mucii ""
elated thereat; :.) i. - ; t-rt .r