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About The state rights democrat. (Albany, Or.) 1865-1900 | View This Issue
STATIC WUtt I TH 0 KM(H)I A
HXTi iu.i y. si:i n;iiu:it .
POLITICAL tit I UUU.l.A JIOVIN
There nro in Oregon a ooniVderatod
lwtul of political gneiTilhis, whotuo total-!
ly devoid of principle or consistency, and
who seek uiily their own personal eml in
whatever thoy o",u;ap in party matters.
They have been banded together for years
ami havo at one time and nnothcr preyed
upon every party or i'lettou which hold
or wax apparently promised temporary
wty. Thoy wore originally unfledged
Abolitionists Five Soiler to-caUed
but while nomocracy wan in tho ascend
ancy hi Oregon, thoy professed dovotiou
to the imrty, wore received within its nin
ph folds, and immediately, began upon a
system of scheming which would bring
them to tho control of the party organ!
tat ion : Their persistent, confederated
rrTori.s, were finally crowned with success.
They accompli -hod their purpose, dis
pensed nntuitg their hand the more, impor
tant public office", gave to their peculiar
class terv lines the crumb and picking,
ond in time converted tho organization
into a mere machine for the promotion
of their own aggrandizement. They per
verted tho principles of tho party from
the trim interpretation Vnd intent, nd
insisted that fealty to clitpno dictation was
paramount to thne-hotitcvd lleinooratle
faith and i arty usagv. Kinally, the great
nuu of tin Iemoeraey, having become
convinced of their un worthiness as lead
ers, resolved to displace them, and select
faithful, honest' sound lVmoorat- f.ir
their Mandard-Vnrvrs. On finding theiu
"mjlves no longer ;blo to control the party,
the members of the band commenced
.eheming to t fleet its overthrow, Guer
rilla political luuchinations were resorted
to, nd many good, but misguided men,
were seduced into the support of the
guerrillas. Theyi had intended to go
over to thtnetny in a body, and at once,
but nn unfortunate division made in the
Democratic ranks in the States cast of the
mountains, gnve them an opportunity -to
more effectually dreak down tho party in
this State by a feigned devotion to a pop
ular lender. Although they had only in
the Spring before taken btrong ground
agninst Mr. lXmglas.nd denounced hw
theory of Popular Sovereignty, they now
became professed champions of himself
and his cause, and thus concealed from
their own hoodwinked followers their real
design that of full fellowship with the
Republican organization, which, they
foresaw, wa"s likely to mine into control
of the Federal Government.
Having succeeded in giving tho State
to the" Republicans, the guerrilla band
sought open brotherhood with the victors.
They forced themselves upon that party,
and immediately proceeded to acquire
control over it. Again they were sne-i
ewsful, and as the wages ef their treache
ry to and overthrow of the IVnicratic
party, thoy were given the best offices
within the means of tho Republicans to
bestow. The majority of tho guerrilla
band ti!l continue to hold these liijrli
and lucrative position-.
. But the influence and might of the
Republican party is on the wane. It re
quires no more than ordinary sagacity to
foretell its speedy, certain downfall. The
guerrilla band rightly guess that the pres
ent StateVdmtni.srration will end the rule
of Abolitionism in Oregon ; they rea-ily
foresee , the triumph which, awaits the
Democracy next June. Accordingly,
they are beginning to trim their sails to
catch the popular breeze, and to gchemc
and labor so that they phall again enjoy
power and place under the new dispensa
tion. The advent of Senator Xesmith to
tne State this year was the initial move
ment of "their scheme. He traveled over
the State ostensibly -on official business
connected with the Indian Department
but in reality to instruct his blowers and
strikers in the" peculiar duties they are
to perform, and to drma up recruits to
his wnrjtnc. desperate cause.
. Alread? can be discovered the effects
of the political views he disseminated
ncrs ana mere, in certain localities
throughout the State. In the vain hope
that the same causes which have produced
difenssion, difference or schism, in the
ranis of the Democracy in some of the
States across the , mountains, may have
the same effect in Oregon, the-guer
rillas -wul prosecute, their work. They
hope to convince Democrats that; what
titer are pleased to term '' radical prin
ciples," t, c, the principles of Jef
ferson and Madison have become ob
solete, and that, under these principles, the
party can never accomplish victory; that
present organization must be aban
doned, and upon its base must be reared
a conservative" organization, which
shall adoot thn dpv flA? fa17.; f
-.v"vj cvirpi, as aceompusnea Lac is, tne
several and startling innovations sought
to-be mgrafted into our 'governmental
svriem It' President.
They insist that the doctrine of StatJ
- : - s--muviaw ui buiB uciiuui
Riiits' must be abandoned ; that the va
rious Proclamations issued by the' Presi
dent must be accepted a3 lawful and right !
that the deckred abolition of slavery JBust
be laaifitaiued ; and that the right of the
Executive and Congress to', decide the
rtaio tlft Southera States in the Un
. ion- nmst . bo ad mi ael.Other equally
jaonstous. imti-Demo-ratic. uneonstitu-
HoiiaI. und pernicious theories utnl thuV Tlt Aliolttlou r Nluvrry 'imhl. I tm tin; liiititmlon f shivery i it existed hi ili
triucR tiro to bo niktiowhd.ro,l - nriioh.,, f i-Ml...;Mirnl Vi'w on flic Io;- .,st(i., Tl,iH noble ,) patriotic de, h.rntion ws
muihBnjwBomMiuuuoa an uriii'le rlno ol Mnio Kllil. tlm I.., r every lover ..! " constitution,,! i,i.,ty
of tho new faith, and upon this nort of
platform the new " conservative'' Demo
cratic party, nay the guerrillas, will achieve
These tudicmera and yoli mongers
may as well be told at the outset of their
machination here, that their artful but
dishonest devices will not, prevail in Ore-
gou at least, with the Democracy of tho
State. Thy are knowu, and their ina
bility to again produce schism, to lead off
Democrats, and to materially harm the
party, ia also known. There will be no
" re-organization" of the party to suit
their wishes, nor the wishes of any others,
The Democratic organization in Oregon
is sound, strong and firm. Democrat
know the perfect ability of their party to
accomplish pueoosp in tho campaign of
next year upon tlio true, clearly denned,
boldly avowed principles of their politi
cal faith. They offer cordial welcome" and
brotherly greeting to all who come ask
ing, in sincerity, fellowship with them.
Rut they seek not, nor will they accept,
additions to their ranks at tin) sacrifice of
their principles. The old guerrilla baud
is simply mischievous, not powerful.
Years ago they had sufficient iuflueuee to
lead many astray from the Democratic
fold. Their selfishness and laok of prin
ciple has long since been discovered, and
they are now powerless for barm, impo
tent for good. Scarcely a corporal's
guard in number, they have neither the
jower to tear down nor build up. The
Democracy of Oregon are unite uncon
cerned about the course the land may
elect to pursue. Rut if they seek again
to acquire fellowship with the party, they
must understand that they will have to
come to tho party ; tho party will not sac
rifice a single principle, abate not one jot
of its true faith, to gain their pupport or
influence. We know that we but reflect
tho real sentiments of our faithful party
brethren of the whole State, in saying
that honorable defeat, in battling under
our principles, will be preferred to a di.
honorable triumph, obtained through the
abandonment of these principles or ques
tionable means, llut.our party will not
be defeated. Victory will furely be otirs
in the State election of next June
Htmppmg tb Dtallj Matt.
An onler inwu the Potofnee Depart
ment reached the l'ontniatiter at l'ortkuld
on Wednesday, commanding hint to with
hold the mailt in future from the CalifV-
nia Stage Company's ctage.. As there aie
no other means provided, this order et -finely
cutu off 1 he Overland Daily, Ma-1
between Facramcnto and Portland, and
leaves over a million of people on thij
coast without any facilities for coinnmnii
cation by mail. It was an outrageous or
der for the Postmaster Oeneral to isMie.
but our people are at his mercy in the
matter, aud without remedy. It is a vir
tual suppression of nearly all the news
papers in this State, and many in Califor
nia, and of all the letter correspondence
as well 1' SlVXl ami r Sul,,M
mail service is cue of the duties the
General Government owe -each State. Itj
deprives Oregon of this right. To pay!
taxes to the General Government is one.
of the duties devolved upon Oregon, in
common with other States. Suppse Or-j
egon should cease to pay them until thoi
Daily Mail is restored to her what would
the Government think of her action, and
do in tho matter F Let our people re
member that the same Government which
deprives them of mail facilities, because
of the expense, daily disburses more than
it would cost to carry the mail, to lazy.
idle negroes, to shoddyites, toadies, and
Treasury sharks, who have never contrib
uted a dollar to the support of the Gov
ernment, while Oregon has always prompt
lv fulfilled all of her duties to it. .The
people ought to meet in every district
and take sucb measures as will make their
complaints heard at Washington, if they
can do no more, in this business. Our
Senators and Representatives will be false
to their duty if they fail to impress upon
the Postmaster General tho absolute ne
cessity of the Daily Mail just suppressed
Retired. The Arena of last Monday an
nounces tho retirement of C. B. Bellingur
Esq., from the editorial chair. Ill health,
and a desire to resume the practice of his
profession as a lawyer, are the eau.es -which
have impelled him to this step. We regret
his withdrawal from the paper. He 14 , a
clever gentleman, an able writer, and his
Democratic record is unimpeachable. We
wish him good fortune in every way. His sue
cessor is not named in the Arena. But with
out stopping to learn who he may be or is, we
CTeet him with hearty welcome to the post.
The paper will be continued as a Democratic
journal, and we wish success shall attend it.
ft 1 1.
Fkom Idaho. Late accounts from Idaho
City report an alarming state of affairs there.
A Vigilance Committee had assembled to
take Ferd. Patterson from jail and hang htm,
and about three thousand law and order citi
zens had gathered to prevent the act. Trou
ble was thxeateneJ.
" . . . . ....... i
Small Pox.-The seven cases of small ptte
reported near Jackaonrille turn out to le iH
Sam's TaJlej, ten roiles from there. All the
Eatients are of the same family, in the game
ouse. We have not hen rrl" nf iinv new
AV cheerfully give placn to tho fnUtjvintr
communication, hut must say Jo tint author
that no m " proposition' a h imputes
to u rer uppoiMvtl in tj'ii jmper. We cer
tainly ha neuT "rrtu'tfttedM tho accept
ance of (ho proposition he(ii(tes I'aitist us,
for we hold even Ntrotiiror views ndverso to it
than he pyju-ossps. We do not hclieve Unit
thirty-four of tho States een, have the right
to declare tho lave in tho thirty-fifth State
to li free. That matter lwlonj's solely tout
only hi the State itself t
tUsnof Citv, Anttit 2fti, lsrt.l.
KlUrOH StATK ItlOHTS lKMUCIIAT !-" Tilt-
t Win of i-ltivci v ! )i iictitull v iliriiiMl f. utnl llmKi
lli"n m thp MtTiJri't -luuilit cvmn-." This jircjni'
Kllinh U cBmii'lnti'it In n inrMiniih r ttm Hrt
ixKIH' nf ST4TR HlllHTI HkKiicH AT. A It PI'HIIIll
to Imply llin i lilt im iit if n m-llun tlmtiiii lw)i
iioiirire nl i-iinrtnilt n;ltiitiiii f"r nmrn ll'itn fnftjf
vi'iiik, t-vi-i niul nuns cnliji'i-lins nr rniuitrv tn
violent miiituitiii, cii)rciilriii; iniiliiciill fv-"
timml Miiiicilics 1i'lin lit-r i-itir.i-iiit, nml b ra'
Mug to n ilo.(rlli wttMit the vitnl i iii rj;i f
tliu tiHiioM, it nii nr not liiiirnur to ruvU-w tti
If t it it lout? ilir.lurtkiii( ami ll -b-itiu; Miljeot
i " rnclii'nlly iti.jin.it 'if," I hnvo tailcit ti
it, nml any tiii-mlly ray nf lijlit nutliling nm to
iliivni n-niity wuulit I'o irritti'fully artiitfil.
That tt vitili-itt cmtit'iunltoii of nciti nl i'.iin tin tlit
juirt of tUo tJuvcrnmciit Tor the tiinu l-olujf, niul
H-vUal' for nil time, ha ii4r:nli'il th ietienl
"rBlimi of cluvi-ry, m ono iiikiiij in tlio faiMi of
iniiiif rucls, can tli-nv. tlut it U eiUlly niiflif lit
Ihttt the li'OA tiuiii nl tins ni'(Ulroil it proven n"i
iiiU iipo Hie iiOJwt Ky ii m-ii.I1 nl tlUrcgnr'!
enptititti'Mt '.niil.iii..in. vnlarjj iti j; it liinil t n-l
ttBii.'iei i.iiii' it ililvcnleil (timers, Irentinjf wllli
nipreme mxl tyramioui euiiti-iiir (Ii jiurereln
rijilil of tlio rverl Htutid, it It niciti UhiIi.iu'j
t- llie l.-rnct i.ti of lliote e-iciiliiil jrine;ilis t!i!
clmnielt-tiif an. I emiirot n eox riiBi-tit of fn-tlncu.
I liail iliou-lit cimv xtti-.titiiti.iual ri!it bvLiiiittg
tt any ?th!e .ii.r tn the- Ik-JHi a vsn tit iiult-f-aittl
ami ou!-l iv miicia, imti! eitluT !Uci;eJ
ly tU Bfivett'iii act of th;i Sti-te. or it tho tnam:rr
ami f.ins, n-t f-rth in tins Coaotit-.ttiu-i of tho I'nilctl
States anil an n.t fueli rii(ilt!ii:!al Jet-.vo lm
ltoii enacte.U Iairy ha .iiil a niior aiol
legit imuto cAistcnee, IlioussU raicallr tlionncrJ
of In- tli- ftiixe aii l vivtettftt (" arini.
In yew of tUijfj Net", U It orlli l.ix State n.v-oh-igtity
to aitaiit the rriiit accepte-l liM.-itin
orflaiiery a Biul aint c..in. !,? A true, ontittor
tn Ui i'.ttwriRJitory oly re.jiiire a glance at the
extraonliitary avnta rinplnye.l t prtntne pret-t
rt-fult. t f. nviiie the miiut of tins fatal error that
the iiiieonilitional Kuhminion to the pteeut dir-po
!''''" 'f the leery iefiinn munii cutject the
Xo Inti-llrj-iit ami en,!i,t tnai wilt o!iictul that
the vaiania An-ia! aet rf the ti-ovcrtimeiit tnf-Unl.
ish Uviry during tha rvltellioa wa nippom-U l.
cimnitUiioiiut ratK'ti.iu ; hut un the rwitrrtry, ly
tho plain, oiitspokeii mWi of tha C.utihiti..u
they ww eprvy iortiithleti. Tho a.lvoentf of
the inaoiiiti;titiinal a"i'ai-.fcioit ,.f pntrvr tv the
I'l-esulvut otiiy Htietnpt a Jiisti!Uitiou up-ni tin;
crojuiut of itire nroe-vity contt ti.liny that the tjov-emnn-nt
s ing a.Kiirlte iv an enemv of au-h
gisantie ptv.porti.m, aat it-littit; Ltsi hltw s aiih
nh f.irtni.ln lilc an.t iV.-oiuI eil.vt tliai it pl.utt iti
extreme pciil the wry Vile of the nsti.ci, Heuoj.
the rrirmli or impartial fvei..m, ami tho al'.it of
HMtrpatioii urg-t ihc tuoeitjf f ralviinjt tlt.
arm of rvlwUKut hy rtrikinjj a. wu jJaver'y in utter
ccat. iupt of tha CVntittttiun oj the l"nlf-. Htolv.
ami iln- in rel risrlita of tho hvaj-etjH Stat t.
fi i 'H eitnen who na Mis nouatry g inli-n-t
at heart, ahotiM yield a rcfi. tful a.t to the I
crw ofhi .c-.ver:tmeat. howV-ver mn-h thev uii-Vit I
rt:. . .r.t. :.. I:. , .. . ... .- . t
......... . ..,,, "..iihi. ti tccnicti In con
formity with the ConstitnH-m ofhu coantrv. put if
openly und palpably violation the very litfcr and
;drit of thst snerod Inurnment, tenting attindcr
the aftcuanl chat prsitcct ,tate against Fcdeial
ciicroaehuicuf. explains I heir viititeu to the futi
le ravticc ,f a fauntieal tyranuv, rendeririR Utc,
liberty, pn.perty, tttitiic.tio ami octal cnjovmcnti!
tho liod-iven bcrita'je of American citicn
inccurc j then, I proclaim it the ri lit and duty f
every friend of cotiftiintioual hUerty to excrt-ie at
leat a ufil. icncy ef hi birthright prerogative to
etat'ih hi determination to roidt that rvtitraliteij
tTMate lUiilit, erected by the mater nrchilcct tf
i... :tt ...
the tmti'c.tion. atamlin) a, a lii;hlh.mie upon
tho headland to guide the fhip of i-Tate t-i the
haven of con.-titutioiial nccurity when the ttcrm of
internal dicnutn aric, tbrcatcuitia t.t ensulf
Iter ia the vorlci of the ait)ry deep. Thcae retleo
tious are neither intended to advocate the contin
uance nor the abolition of ularery ; but eiuiply an
humh:e hut earnest ofleruii; in tletence of the ona
titutinal riirhta of tho jteople, ;ia trictly applica
Ue to all other i-oiii-tiiutioual iufraetion as that of
Thera are many acta of the present party hi
power, aatboriact hy II10 linuliin inorkery ol
niilititrv nec&sitv. " iLnd cveeut,-d hv tha tmr,.n.
tiivl ria of tho "war power," that should ho reject
ed with c (iml tii.ifavor a. the net th.t direct (he
death-blow to slavery. Cut a this party crinaca
ft disposition to relax iti gripe of op(rtisioua, anil
tn oiuo instances corrceting (rraye t-rrora of tho
pant, it. 4s no part of aound policy, or an evidence
of patriotism to make diypnnijrinr; allusion llu reto.
Hut a the act hbcratnii the Mavea of the South
overshadows all other iu the grim catalogue of
Kxccutive unrrtation., attncknif and overturniiij;
a it doea the fundamental principles of our Oov
trnr.irnt, that derives its just power. from the con
ent of the covcrr.nl, it demand tho serious con
sideration ef every patriot that lie may intelligently
contribute his influence in pcrpetiintiii); tboo cher
ished ami iinpcrihable principles embodied in the
Constitution of our fathers.
It seems to discredit belief that any one who en
tertains a sincere reeanl for tho Constitution of bis
eountrv, with a fixed determination to preK-rve,
protect and dofoud its provisions ns a faithful citi
cn, carl indorso the conclusion that slavery is
finally and forever settled. It is kindly but er
roneously asserted by seine ' That it has uot been
leirallv abolished, but is ;;icticlly disposed of:
therefore it. agitation should ccac.' Accepting
this as the iutrinsio conditions surroundiiij; the
subject, no better reason can be Imagined pleading
the necessity ol investigation. Ao tpiet, peace
loving citizen will tvni.iop.lv agitato pointless and
obsolete subjects. Hut he that will evade the res
pniir ihility of meeting those vita) issues upon which
the perpetuity of republican government and con
stitutional liberty depend, becausp tho turbulent
stream of pub.lie clamor is sitting in against them,
even If aided by the overawing outlawry of "mili
tary ootuuiissions,- dofervc moro tho namo and
fato of a slave that) tin American freeman.
But for tho corrupt nud cowardly truckling of
the leaders that mould and control public senti
ment, wo should not have beheld our country
writhing ia agony, the Constitution torn aud
trampled down und left a prostrate and bleeding
victim in the bloody clutches of a rucrcilcss des
potism. Our lust aud ouly hope ia an apjienl to
the people, the original source of all power in free
governments, ttt heal tho festering wounds of our
afflicted country, by npplying the sovereign panacea
of State Kigbts enveloped in tho old Constitution
of tho Republic. .
If the subject of slavery or any other has been
effectually settled by tho constitutional operation
of the law, we should cheerfully abide by and sup
port its decisions ; but if it has not been thus dis
posed of, we arc under no obligation to respect its
decree, for if it contrarenes tho Constitution it is
no law at all, but usurpation, and if we nro true to
the principles that create and perpetuate free gov
ernment, we will resist it by all tap ifleivns placed
io our hands by that instrument..
From the unanimity of opinion that peryades
tho publio mind to accept the present disposition
of slavery without protest, it seems imminently por
tentous and excites startling apprehensions that
tha American people have lost the vigor of their
ancestors, and are no longer capable of self-government.
It is not the remotest thought of the
writer that they should exert the least effort to
farther extend that peculiar institution, only so
v far as a bold, manly mainladnanco of the Constitn-
tion, upon which the harmony of equal rights and
: public order rest, might effect its destiny.. It can
5 hardly be questioned that the power employed toi
pset sinverv was unconstitutional ana nau no
authority in law. The astounding Emancipation
Proclamation of the bite President, which was driven
as the entering -wedge to burst the heart of Its at
tachments, has but few friends to-day who will
attempt to clothe it with a more dignified garb
than a naked arbitrary stretch of Executive power.
At an early -jieriod in his administration Abraham
Lincoln gave a solemn assurance to the country
that he had no dispositivti or lawful power to dis-
tliroiiKl"'nt the litml, nml hml' lio firmly el, mil hy
nw piiv'iiii-ii iniiii Hi. wuutil not Iiiivb Leeii coin
pellnl In aitinwM tha ilinnevi-iv.t fianlinnilnf
native ciitintry, t annmlur Hy the tari!ln emi
viiIkmiiih of ulv.IL atrir-. therahy riillluir liiinni-ll' n
vlrtiin .i (ho imiisnin'a iiiferiint hale. Yi t lifh.!
Llha faithful foihinhnvliid l' lii olli.-iiil poliry,
niu ii me ninnen ol civil litm-nrd ipreml o or lhi
I'oiintry, in nn evil inouient he yli-Meil ( i n r
aelliin prermuu of it al h ill ikih ami prm-laiim-il Hint
ailiitiary edict whi -i piita tmniinal freedmir In the
hieof lht Honlh. vvolilutf (he whole nillilaiy
potter of the CiiveriMlleiil, aii Ciiniiniimler in ehh-f,
In iiil'niei) priiflieal tlfect to a ih-eien. which after".,
annl he ili, not heilata In iiekmileilj iineoit.
ntltiithmnl. lint the trial nf aim after a protnict
'" ""'I hloinfv uti-tiKi'le )ui (flvcn it u nlh t pm. ti
eally n-t,(lnliii thi nio'iii'lroimi-illi t of nsiirpiilioii.
riaumjr tho Viil.ji.et In it ni.tt IHrornhlu HHpcf
the wiir eouM onlv lf uroMM'nleil to iireserre 1 1
.Imr ti ml compel the iiiiirroclory lnut(!eiit
t ieoi oi.e.11,11,1. to the li jjitimnte authority i,r lh
1'nitri t!tHti Kovciiiiiiciit. Notr, that, thi Tny
iiccoKfnIy e'jihl'mheih peace cimehideil, nml the
Khellviui Plates harhiK returneil to fheir allc
jriiinee, I hey houhl fl ml, ami re eit. r the oh
tlover-itnent jut It wn when tlc-v h it it s and
Mich tiiUHths the liievltnhhi condition, uiih-iot this
iiiiM-tFluotiii Var hit etlKc.lclcved a "New Nation"
with new lav that are to ho liMiight forth out. nl
It I ton true, unfortunately for the country, that
tho laiiKihle lcllection of the imot. ami frcenf
event tor the hint four year (five riroii t-lorinK
(.me pan pterrnniplmii. W heu wo dec new piiu
elple and pructici.-a encrafteit Into our oririinie
law, new offices created, now power fit en to Hie
peopie m'rvaittft nnkmiwn to the t .nililiilion, and
upi-riiiiioed iipni, Bl, unupeetiii or dc?iiiiin'i
people, aurely we are iimleriroitii; that awiiiliitiiti
meliiuiorphii prepurntory t cnteritisr llm " New
Nation," which not only eay to clu.oi;o llmtrir
tranin law of Ihu tl.ivc'rnineiit, hut a-feilK (lint of
the t'lvator to enforce nhdiene, to th law of f"ie
W'W .Hlliin," l.y compelling all of Ili crenturp
to a periet t polltit'itt ami aioiiul pinlitv. An an
oilier evidence td' the prutatinn of tho New N.
lion, every eitien( of the old ImVetilini'iir, ivl-o
h failhfully iK-(cfi.led Iter eoiitltii:Jv.tinl Integrity
U tH.iliiritimoi In tit fan the inith f aUetciAme t.t loie
ha run 1. protected oue r hi ntaiplent and
d. are?t rit.-lil-
In ppenking of hi Kninncipntion I'rocliitnatii n.
tin- tut Inmentcil I'miideitt wld t " I'mlerntand. t
rai'cd un ohieetlon t.t it on lepitl or eonnitutionn!
erinind, f ir a the t'ouniinuder-iii-ehlcf of the Army
and Nnvr in time ol aur, 1 nupp.ti-e I huvt a rllit
I" take any iiicbhui, which mny lc i;!.diu- t.ia
eueiiiy." Here i a ch ar ami unenui. icul ci-iiU-j-iou
of the Kxeimtft-c to iihimdon hi ci-ttl itnitoiHil
o'oliutttiot to take any nieamiie to auhduti Ihi) foe
in tiiu i ol war. If tint K.ti-cutive ci.u tske any
men! ur.- in tmteof war, which col. vert the t'tntili.
tioti, he i-n!i and i likely to do tho same thiiisf in
tiut of t'eacc, f.ir the t'orilitutton alike prcfciilu
hi pnir and ditiie in time of war a well r.
p ct-. In limes when treat ami inunicent p. ril
mldelily ;inili! tiM.n tlio eountrv, Unpiovid -d
asiwtJ. by appropriate legislntion. ne aKiimi :i.m
d' unlaafiil power would ho je.-aifled in avert in a
KK-nt pul.lic danger which e-ml-l he re. he.l in no
other way. Dot wo run .,-nrccly imagine an enter-jrem-y
no fearfully threHteniiiif in it -otie irn ..,
ereoled hy mortal power, which rocniicilc the de
lihrratc violntimi of the t'oiitialioii of the l:nitrd'
Stntea hy the ('l.-f Mnj;i.rnte, w!)en kih h v ioi.ition
exlcml and enforee iti d.-crce itito n indt finite
fntnrc. rcvolutioiiUiiiff and upr...tiii(- tl.o oliticnl
riht and amdal relatimi of million of people,
tiHtn w hii.li their liappines. prweperity and lilw;'( ;
lepemf. A dingle violntion of the Coiisttituiinn hv
the K.ee!il',ve to meet ejid avert Home ureut pnldie
UiiRcr. would, if liierv rret d, pp. c tuojra. i
:....!.. 1 1 . t ... t. ?. . . . ' . )
livcl v harmle.it s hni it i ,uni tf) m r, pi.llU ,,
ami it-waie tne cnjinnl opprt '.on, to he tolrrat
ed by a jicople rr-udved tit he free. Tlii is, the
hiidory nliich athitrary power reveal in every ar? '
of llm vrorhl, iiniter crcrv form of iroveniinent and '
the moat etrikin, melancholy cxempliilemeto !
cen in our own at thin time. We are tlmt
aml unci iiBtitulionnl incurc were llrt ntnt j
to ertiti tiio n-heliion and inihdue the enemy-' I
actuated pcitittlrt h the luirtwt motives of nairiot-!
: t ... in. . 1 1;. ' 1 ... ... . . I
nil, nm tike oiiiui, w.ii it in vC ptwtilCBct-, thev fill '
npon the friend 0 well a the f.-ci nf rnueMitli jntial
iiiM-rty. eMen.ling thMush one whole Adininitx .
lion, tiiking down the liberty of th- ritir.cn evcrr
wlierv, ruldcctinit them to that cneeie of ltijrh
bittuleil uilllnjcc. hlihtiiialiii il.sull, cruet and ia
huttiaii tortui. which ttloott lappiui; Jpftij altva-..
. . . . . . .. . 1 ' '
lo.itcL 111. 00 lot'ir rimiiui t,. r .. .. . i . i i
" " 1",M I'"' u'
, .. , "--"bM rehcllic, l3 crtiati-
i.(l . Mn.f one tvrnlll eMrve i l.r.. i ... I. .... . i
, ' 1, .. , 1 . u, J
Imt t! oy dcc,n. to hi 4,eee...r. who ,e.,!, with
con tempt .., the re.T angel of ,.-rcy, the
death wr.ant to executo l, viciw, l,T ft Mditmy
Comii.u, when the civil btw aud the iVwijt.
tion ne na worn l.y UikSi Htnicn t 1 support,
vainly iutreedci "it bt the eheddinj; of ium-ent
bbtodf,J hut under tile b tling; brow of bristllua
bayonet the voice of liutuatiitv and civil l i.
awed into ailenee, aad tha horrid woik uf death I !
Forced to conttmplate the horkia2 McuMntrri. I
w i.lc-FiiTcad lj.-juiUi.r' S,r
nr'w watehful and virilant we rhonld b toward 1
our public rcrvant wko umko and duiinhdcr the
law : at once repudiating each and cvtrv ad which j
infringe the cluirten.t right of cur liberties.!""" l""M:'"7 ""I""?
Then, if the ouestion of slavery, or any other, ha
not Ik-cii settled accord inc to the Constitution, b.tvo
we not the manhood to proclaim it? l.ubuppily,
many of the lossej and grievous injuries, that wc
have sustained by the agression uf the partv thirt
now misrules, can uevcr he retored or repaired. L
We cuu only hold up to Ut world s tcu tho au
thors of our national wors to receive tho jm-t sen
tence of con'k-mnatlon nom every lover of cunsti
tutioual liberty throughout the eiviiiti-d veorld,
Tho timo i now at hand that demand every
patriot to embrace and apply tha uudyiug prim-i -pies
which were achieved through terrible struggle
against arbitrary power by oar'iiiioctor., nad be
queathe,! to u as a periniol inbcritiiimo. But in
th erei! cj our patriot lo ttcnl to overcome the
encinvfvA us not too seise tho instruments of arbi
trary power ; but lcl us wield only those which eau
bo obtained from the armory of the Constitution,
and never ecujo to strike until we can have " Tho
Constitution and tho I'aiou of our 1'uthors" in
scribed upon our banner. X.'Il.
Not Verv 4i Loyal." The Alailition par
ty of California have nominatetr Judo Snn-
derwin fur one of the Justices of the fMiprcme
Lmrt. lhc Has; charges him with havins,
in 1801, used tho following language iu a
(speech in The PeiutK-ratie State Convention :
in order t chow tliia Cunvontinn that i
nm actino; honest in this matter it having
been charged that I am seekincr nepuhiiciiti
votes and Douglas votes in tlio next elec
tion and to convinco you t hut 1 am in earn
est and talking what 1 really and firmly he
lieve, I nay thatwtv simjinlfiics huee altray
Ocen with luc Muih ; that my In-other, a citi
zen of l'ttii'ida, was Chairman of the Com
mittee that reported the Secession Ordinance
of that State. I have heen in all my cym
ptithies, in this vexed quostion lietwoetr North
and Moutli, iriA the South, Jam still with
them I say to them if they had waited,
and tho Administration hml ntteinpted to
earry out tho principles of the Chicago plat
form, then they mujht to have seceded and
J would have been with them,
: -ar ,. ....
rosf'T iliTCH. .The Jlarysvillo Appeal,
tho organ of one hranch of tho Aholition
party in California, lately said 1 " The ques
tion of negro suffrage belongs exclusively to
the States." Tho enino papor pronounces
the doctrine of State Rights a " dangerous
heresy." What is it but this rcry doctrine
which the Appeal asserts in regard to Negro
Suffrage? They will discover, the more
they undertake to practicably apply even
their own theories, that without State Rights
there can bo no actual Statehood, no domes
Fr)m CAsrro.v Gity. Tin "Mountaineer
has late reports from Canyoi City and the
adjacent mining camp of Midle Pork. The
miners were generally doing well. Persons
are rushing in there from Bose and Owyhee.
Some claims pay very riehy. Goods como
in freely from JJmatilla, well as from
Dalles City. ;
DATfcS TO AUGUST 30.
Treiion. . .?., Atiir. :tO. The licmueriilie. Htnti
Coiivcnlioii to-day iioininaUd lieu. Kunyt.ii for
liovi-ni'!-. The coiumillee on rcHnliilion reported
ii eerie -1 1 n t i 1 1 k tho coneitienee nf llm war nn
Icclioit of a cectlomtl 1'rentdent, and tha raitat
ielm of a Mit-li.iiuil parly favorinif the rturiii of
the tloveiument to it i initial purpoiiy ahd iih
,ecl, 1 1.-1 liuinjf nml ln?iiliiijf on the ripilit nr the
Stales j oppo-ing nero mitlrne emphatically, a'ml
B)treclti(f with l'ieidnl Johimoii that Ihi ul.jeet
mii-'t Im h it with the HIiiIckj favoiii) the iim. of a
jold and Hilver currency, oppufting military atn-Hl.
favoring llm ticciluin of election und the rcetuja-
tiolt of I 111 III; 111 Vlllpll.
N't w oik. Auk. .iti. -ato Kntflh-U pner an
nounce the lo, hy lnklnp. of tha ship Sinn lim
iiilif.', from Harpoon for i.iveipool, hy whi 'di 20
live went loet. The Hiirtivoi wer ohlij.(d. to
eat h nliier hell and pitch to keep thi iu Itoui
Ex-Oo vern or Smith-Albert Pike.
New Vuik, Aiij?. .111. Tho Trilmm-'a epexdal
my i 'Tin iiol.ii..ii ;vt,a Hilly HuiHU U livin
miietly on hi fur ut at Win eeuton, Vitiuiii.
Alhcit 1'ike, or Arkiiu!!, ha applied to tho
I'lri-id-iil for pardon, with an elaliorate and epirit-t-d
ittii-meiit. The petition cotne from Ottawa.
Canada, und i ijiicd hy two hundred liiime of
tlm Mnioiiic. frtiternily. lie dciiic liming any
thiny to ij with Im iiinK ludiiiim to take, np arm
nitim-t the United Htati.
AtTalra in Mexico.
New York, A114. .It). Tho VVwid'a Vera Crux
It it. r aaya: The new fr.Bl f wt-rir l nt
nhow a ili.poitioii ou tlmijiti ,re tuid the
other opponent of the Impcrialiid i.rf-rjnH-iit t
gito up tlio e nitc'l. Su iKioner in tiHinjgxlti
eiidtd at one point hy Hit Interposition of r rennh
and Aiwlriim hayonct, than it i-iininein-. at an
other. Item to he an endive cu-.'. Thi
cltrntiii flute of sedition i aitiiliutcd hy nam tu
the hnieory hown by Ma&iuiiliun towuid the
li'adei of piie'iillu iatiid who have applied to hirn
topitd-'i tl.i-m; having olitained it they have
siiowii iti. in"lvc ui!;riiti.'fiil ami returned to their
former avocaltciia t liij;hy rohht-ry. There in
hardly a Hale at present which i not overrun hy
roving hand i f (;'" rril!a. All the ft.iL'e roiile
itti'i'ttpH .Mexico aut infer (! with rohhiK m that
Ulltllill i WIV llll-afl!.
A Mevi.-nn authority nym Nearly four litem,
xttud ti -I t i. 1111 U r .'nn n.mmatid of tien. Majrrti
ilcr, hud nrtived tit Monterey. Kin.-e then ?cvrral
ol Ut.. hi ilaV(, ef t!l!l( t, v (ir .Mt,,,, WUPIO tj.y
l.uve mt t their former aaociate, Hterlmit Price,
l-.v. .Moon... 1.11.I Alien l'it rcc, MelyHle and Hoiile.
At lit.tlliey olieted loefilint in t'tf tmperinl army,
l.ut their oiler was det lined. ThcVtloveriimoiit ha
let nn d it prelerahle to oreiiriir.e thni into a miii
tmy and ai;rh i-Itural a-"iciiiIion, which wi! occu
py the rot te hctAecn Meico anVeia t'ra.
They have pic;oei( ti elahli!.h a t uiporary
tiictieiitt railway which will U rvaIy ict yeai,
'i'tiey w ii! make no rv ie f the route Unlil the
i:nr.i-li rnilifat he finally' pftiitJihed.
t.'oriina ha iucd uuoili- r procliim.itioii cnlline
011 Uo people to tally to hU ntnudaid and cspel
tb invadi 1.
The Atlantic Telegraph Cable.
Halifax, Auk. SO. The America from Liverpool
the tilth, ami yueentown the 2ntti, ha arrived.
Maoriua hud been laid down for th (Ireat Kai-
crn at Mnernea. The inference 'wan drawn that
!t!,'; IU na''i thi at-ason. Tlm Time
.at. tin. .it.....):.;,., i., e..u . -
raya (he expeditioti i full tif aueoitra-iiieiit for
the future. The only di.-couragement apmreiil in
.ne iii:ioiii;y tu tne elevtl'ielatl tu licover the eri-
nn ,"!,'t', '':e ""''I" ttcforu it wn puid
' "' J 'leluv of another
B "'r(,wn anny if it will enal.le them to le-
'"'"cr testa of the excellency of tha enhle he-
l s'-wcrif ed tlmueb whether tin y do
"r "I'4 t"t larlifvo In t!jo pofilii!i!y nf" an At-
"! t'fai'U la in-ehk-hvl.
TI... ........... . r t j 1,-.. ... 1. . , 1 .
' lUH "'""t r.aiern nav vtyoranie
fiee' on Flmre, which rallied from 2,'U to 2U
Thrrc was Much diO it-m i: of opioj, n a ff. the'
proxpect of rvctiverinj; tho cable. The general
I'teling i thai it inigrht. Ie d Hie.
Fenian dciauuMratioii on a m-alc had
:it'.cn i-iiiee m r r-et.rfoa
Ample police aud mili-
tary I f taralirti had hetn tna.lo b the authori.
t. an-i ,.;,icr nt di. turbed.
. . - . ....
.p prcuciyioi. oi mo approach nf the rho cra
wwre iiien-ssti'K in K .dan'l. The epidemic I ad
rc.h.d 3Ur-llea. At an bonortanl
med.CAl o.lUra aad i.tu, r in llndon. 11., .
were adopted advising thu wiuiMt vs.ro aud Jiit
poil.c pn-cuution. '
Twochip 4" the Buwian Jron-cla yudron
wpro "" ctied un their way to Stockton.
1 lie t nr lul l ut
tAnrrr Au. 2t, tut Qncentown.
! vcntioii between Autria aud I'i-msm- baa been eou-
, ,"'U J coiieirnin" the Ilticbick, gruMia (felting
oinilbraya. tiavin Au'Mrui a prituiary inderotn
V- The Provisional Uovertimeot iu the luchicl
nud Au-triu lioUtciii.
BATES TO AUGUST 31,
Xcw York, Aug. 31. The Herald's llichmond
correspondent says that the oimena 01 tout city
bad culled a I'uioii meeting for which they bad
'for some timo past been waking preparations.
All tho speakers wero men wh month i?o wore
protuincut supporter of Jcft. Davis. Tha resolu
tions express indignation at the imputation on the
part of Northern people and journals, that recant
big seccssioniKta arc not sincere in taking tha oatb
td allegiance and pronounce such imputations ut
terly groundless and false, and profesi the warmest
ntt.-ichmcut tu tho National Government t kcqui
om 0 in the result of (bo war, jncludiig to bui
tion of iivcryj"
Oucrrillaa in FJiasiaaippl.
Xcw York. Aug. 31. Tbo Herald' Vh.aahurg
corrt-spondent report the captare of a steamer by
a party of guerrillas who re leaned tho officers and
crew. They did not leava until they had secured
even-thing profitable, abroad. Other outrage as
well aa'murdcrs by them are recorded. Iu order
to put a stop to lawlessness lu that t-uito Uov
Sharkey has by proclamation called for the forma
tion of one company or volunteers in each county.
Cottou stealing by vagrant negroel hi very froquont
at V ickshurg.
rrom the Rio Grande.
XowYork, Aug. 31. The Tribune's Brownsville
Utter of the 12 til says that tho lino of the Rio
(ramie is growing dark with troops. - Gen. Steele
is said to be gettUrg things in order, but owing to
tin tintt weal her and waut 01 rogeiaoies, mo mor
ality arnoug the troops is serious. "'.;
DATES TO SEPTEMBER 4.
General New. :
cw Y'ork. Pent. 1. The Post's special says
Orders have been issued to muster out thirty more
rciriacnts of infantry."
Wsahineton. Sent. 1. The income receipts yes-
tcrdav wvro over two million four hundred thou
sand dollars, which is au excess of four hundred
thoiiBiinl dollars over any previous day. The eu-
entlro receipts of June and July are nearly fifty
eight nillions, oud there aro reasons to believe
that it will be increased, to ninety jnUllun by the
Irt of October.
The Secretary of tho Treasury reprascntg the
Depnrtticnt in easy condition rsceipts from reve
nue bav bocu fully equal to the calculation here
tofore mildo. Those for August omquni; tq oyer
rbilatlciuhia. Sent, 1. rTbe Herald's apeoial
dispiiteh says Wirtz placeil ip the hands of big
eoui8ei yesterday documentary evidence to prove
that in establishing the dead line at Andersonville
ho acted nnder ordeM of General Winder, and 8ed-
don, tlip rebel Secrstary of War. The reoprds of
tho Andersonvillo prin are missing, end t is be
lieved to be for tho purpose of preventing their
being usod agninst Wirt.. Tho clerk in tho Quar
termasters Department, Jn wnoso Eftiuu iney
were last seen, has been placed nnaer arrest. ;
Jeff. Davia' Trial-Hi Health.'
Now York, Sept. 1. Tho Times' epeeial dis
patch gays that both the President and bceretary
of War lire deeidedlv in favor of a trial before a
civil court, at tho earliest prMlchlo-Tn9m?nt, of
Jeff. D.Tris. J ho chiet aimouny nas oeeu 10 una
tho -nroner tribunal, Tho President looks with
favor on Knoxville, Tennessee, where Davis com
mitted an act ot treason uy inciting insurregwou iu
a speech to his army. In eaae ho ia tried by a
civil court. Chief Justice Chaso of JtOUolk, a.
will be selected. This Is what Davis friends de
dim. Tt tnav bo further said, that whenevee trial
takes place, that Benj. Butler, in conjunction with
the Attorney uenerai, wm te piuiuiucm jn
as publio prosecutors. Tho whole matter has boon
nnder oonsidoration at a reoen Cabinet meeting,
where timo anil plnco was so far deojdea as to ren
rt. tha trial nn orent. near at hand '
Pnrtwti TVfonron. Kent. 3. Jeflf. Davis haa been
attacked with eryrlpelaa for tho rfeoolid time ainoe
bis imorisoiiment. Tho first atiok waa very
slight. : This ono vras more aeyero, although it is
not looked nr)on as serious. Jae health Ol t., v.
Clay is improviug. .' 1
Aflaira in tho South.
New York, Kept. 2. --Tha ll-ml l Atlanta -4r-repoiiilent,
k' '"!-' M" iieeonnt of the journey frii
Chaltaunotfra to Atlanta, tay llicnt were tioma
('nlifederalc abiliji the t in-, iml no cotton. At
every station, pcopln with Irnit to i II, hcidejicd Uie
train. Home of th kb pt ron wen- wealthy be
fore the war, but lire now ii'Jii( ',d t.i a fhtla of
The Jlcrald' New York 'ji.rrMfpond'-nt iiy :
Our. Wi II, if l,ouiiiinn, wj appoiulcl Mjjmit, I't
proceed up the lied river nii'f; tci,n on behalf and
benefit of the rltale, all -ulUm .iiiliat;d by Uenry
W. Allen, formerly ret)i M!"Veror.
Capl. SciumeK, uf AluJjaaiu piratu iiotoriufy, and
hi don, arc uiiil n New tlrlcan.
The Chiirlexlou Courier ny that it h Muted
that a dec)nn hn been arrived h(. Ihnl, only thoo
will be t-nUHcd tu vole at tlio Hppr.oneliin.; eh eli-ni
for member lo fbi- Conveulion who were virtually
local voter ill Witt. If the report bo am reel, il
will iifrtihi!U who may have nltaim d ajrc .r
whp tpny havn bccoiue iiinlilied niiice that time,
Hiiiceoiiilii.d with tlm intent, of (inventor J'erry'
procliiuiMtioii, baf on Hie ndjiilniciit made by
I'rc-i'ii-iil Johuoti, Hint the law in relation to
"iiffraRe, in foti.tl jn i r to n ces- i n, houbl iilone
A inoveni'Ut U (ti foot to invite I'ni-ideiif John
on In ofli-nd hi eonlemplateil vii-it to Kii hmoud
a far a t'harlexiou and Macon.
New York, Pi pf. 2. ltt-p if to the Frcedincrt'
linrcHit, from Nirrth t'arolinn. lnte that the limn
her of while and black upport-d hy (iovern
merit in that State, i urently reduced now, iniiotint
iiijr to only IH.IMIO. The rrcednien arc mukiiiK
fair-crop on (ioverniiient farm.
HfTcmb-r charged w ith cruelty ti nejjroe bare
been arrested atol are itvtaittii trial.
In noma cine Hi-.i blin k are treated with fair
tics, but more freiiienf !y they are nhmed unit op.
prened to an awful decree. The right to punish
t betii ia Itill tnaciotily held by cmplover, at d
a Ii a afl ihey will have the black a rlavca or
ettlermimite the whole race. The cnuiltx l. of the
Mark in 11101 instance i. equally tinfortuimtc.
They room idly about, refuinw f,, wok.
MaBifeatoe From Southern Diahopa.
New York, Sept. 4. Thno Mcibodit l;ibop
of the H-iuth.'uiid the Kpiropal Ifinliop of Alabama,
have in'icd iiiauifc'toF o t'ti ir fl"t k. They d
vl a return of iillcKiaoe.. to the National tJoveru-uii'iil-
Tlm Mettiodial l;ihop nay the Xorlhern
Chtireli hn hitherto repelled tin ir over; re, ami
auy proposition for a rt-uniou of the two met now
ootne from the North. 'J lie l:pi-c.p ii-hi,p in
ulriict bt i-lcrjry that until the tetiirn of eh il law
it will not be rioi eioiiiry to rrU!i.a prnjer for tiin
l'reide.nt of the I uiti d Stater,
At ft cotivcntioii of l,iipr.pariit!i in tieorptfi, it
wa remdveil to ri-fiint." councetion with the Church
North whenever theii lii-hop ehou'bl eon-ider il
ooiiHintent with the jt!.d fuilii pb;iig! if lo tlitir
brtthreu iu the other ii-otiihi rii ,utate.
Commntations, Passports, XXabeaa Corpus ,
!ew i ork, hept. 4. .J he I'n Mdr lit ha rxiaHy
commuted tlvath ciiIik to tu,prijM.tiau nl f.,r a
t' tui of year. ' Tlir.c c.mdcinne l Mb?i!i.ii n,.
dier ha re low n -ut to 1'ort lieluwarc for Cve y ar.
No prouiun uf rebel buve y.-t applet) for pas,
port to b ifve the eonti'ry. under th; luta j:roeia.
ntation. tit-n. Iav. hat no tlioiijjht of abplyiuj;.
thoiib be I1.1 becu t.ll-r.d u tnatiilii .'iitvuau.i'.u
It i .aid that President .t-ditifon i!l .,on re
store the writ of h.tlea corpu to all loyal Putt;..
Five bandied tv;i,iu, with an ambiilaiiee t- tin,
started ovt rlaiid lately from Leavenworth, Kama,
exctifij; to reach the I'acifie eoaot in .utmilT.
rrom Texas and Mexico.
Nw Orlcan, Hept. 3. Mntitmnra pa'.er report
much rtteklette ainiHi"; the colored troop.
A letter from Crfiuu ay Jtinrei! hn I routed
a train eto.rt of W'fJ Imneriali! : lo that the
linperiuli!. eeut Irom Mn!uto..rni were deft ao- l.
tien. Hheridait wa at i;-lVeton. ,.v. Hamil
ton had Uiued a proclamation providing f..r a en
vent ion only l-,yat d. lc.i:,. t- H. pt rtnittcd. ,
Uov, Murray and Vitflul had p .ne to Mesi- o.
Iudiuti had come within ibiily uid. of ib u-loo
n a luurdcrin and pi lajjirur cxiHilition. New
cotttm wa routing m fuely. The arinv worm had I
rujiiiy injured t rop.
C.toli-rato nfujre ,t Monterey wero itcevewl
doniH tle nt iim U11 ..to-i or lurtlicr interior,
Uen. W.ell v i In the iutcrfir j (Jen. Ifiiidmisn ba
none to niui!'j ci pracm-o inw
Fi.tiov. Alitn off
liOiiiciKiia i at bau l,m l'ol.i-.
Letter from Nun-ion rt iK.rt an In loin iiKurrre.
l ion -castt Jiiarc, end preparation for a French- Itamtisli t.f the N'at:'.tli-1 Democratic Cotn
Metican epedUinn into Ijower CrJifombi. -,, '.rl , , ,
. 'Later advice report ti... frv.-U piarc'.-ki on mlUW- il'e"lWu'".1 d u-h a xnfell forthnt.
t bibuabua. and Juarc railing b3ck t j Ki 1'wi. i
.... -.. .. tvn:n ,u ijiuk uiroje, ;
Judge t1ia has returned fr.-ia an etctiiv- toar I
South. He says cruelty towards and tli kijnoxjit.
Ireetlmen liy Ute wluiij (-, r
rrrrrng 01 a lew nuniiri negroes m
Mutes wbera they are pmtev.ted by trtmps. what
tit be their elurm when tuo traops arc cone ? We
will then have complete militiu orgiinigation. und
thi will make a standing army which will lid bold
ili tiaiice to tlie world.
SATES TO SEPTEEKJER 5,
From tho South.
Tho Savannah Herald learn that 11. ensures have
been taken to secure a full reprcscutntion in the
approaching oonvmif ion. 1 bo fueling is said to be
gciicrallr iu favor of a cWr l!nion restoration.
tien. l iliiou wis fcttucaed by four nicliwarmen
near Macon. Ho w three to t'igbt and captured
Tbo Central railroad is rcp-.iired for fortv-8ve
miles out of Savannah, and large quantities of cot
ton are coniftig in. Trado U reviving. There wa
little stir about political topic?.
Advices from Texas say there will be no trouble
about reconstruction there. Kqually favorable re
ports ciitoe frora other States.
Henry A. Wlae ptiblUbes a long appeal from the
decision of Gov". Terryj which oouijiicu,tcs his prop
erty a,nd gives it to freed no on,
Tashingloo, Sept. 5.--It is not bclivcd, o stated
in Knglish papers, that the l'resblent has invited
John Bright to this country, or oSered him a ship
fur the trip. j
Tho President has pardoned applicant from
Hicbumnd who came under tlie $0,(IOlt elaus,;.
About thirty others were pnrdorted two in&'iths ago.
The rcceipta of Internal Revenue to-day reached
$t,20O,0u9 being ifl.7CS.000 above any prior day.
There was a very large crowd of pardon seekers
at the President' to-day, more than ever before.
Advicea from Lnattanooga report a irreat reform
at that military post, under the rule of Col. (Jaw.
of tho 16th Colored Infantry. The arrest and con
finement or aeveral omcers for drunkenness, and
prohibiting liijuor to soldiers, bad a good cflect.
This is one of the chief fortrcsand there are
$7,000,000 worth of Government stores there.
Reports have reached hew York that a meeting
of rebel bond holder was to Iks held in London, to
adopt measures respecting the debt.
- The steamer Montana left New York. Sept. 5th,
for Rio Janeiro, with a nuinher of Southerners as
Issengers-, who purpose to form a permanent set
tlement there. Col. Wood of Natchct was among
them. Mr. Washburn. U. S. Minister to Paraguay,
was also a passenger.
The British steamship Queen arrived at Xcw
York, Sept. 5tb, f.-om Liverpool, with 1,526 steer
age passengers tho largest number ever brought
across by one ves.ci.
Harrisburg, Sept. 5. The boiler of tbe Express
train coming cast to-day bursted, and three persons
Monfpclicr, Sept. 5. Tbe vote of the State elec
tion to-day was very light, not above three-fourths
of that of last year. Dillingham, (Abolition) for
Governor, has 3,olt0 majority in forty-eight towns,
whifih embrace onerfifth of the State. All except
five of the same towns gave Majorities for tbe Ab
olition representative ticket.
PATES TQ SEPTEMBER 6.
Uew York, Scptl 6.' -The" Herald's states that
Jeff. Davis, who has hitherto been deuied the priv
ilege, is now permitted to write to his wife, and to
read some of the daily papers. All his letters are
supervised by Gen. Miles. :
New York, Sept' 6. Bishop Lay of North Crcr
Una, who was coitfind at Richmond, has. been set
Ex-Gov. Smith of Virginia is quietly passing his
time on His confiscated farm near W ashipgton.
Tbe Tiuies soya that in their letters to friends in
the South, A. II. Stephens aud J. H. Reagan ex
press tbe most liberal views upon reconstruction,
the negro question and the future of the South.
A mob in Nashville hung a late rebel soldier
named Baker, for killing W. S. Hall, Clerk of the
Court, in a dimculty.
SroKiiyq. The famous . racera Norfolk
and Lodi are to contend for purses at the
State Fair, Sacramento, this month. The
first day, two mile heats for $2,000 ; the last
day, three milo heats for a like Btun. We
take Norfolk both times.
Pacific Coast Dispatches.
fun l?ni, ftept. 4. Tlw mirmrifT, who
bolted Irnui the liidept udi tit I'libm Conveiition nn
Haltiiflay, have iu conjunction it, ,JHB ,lf
FclktO pcrly iiominalW a rimion ticket. The pr
tim (jt.n.-'titHtidtr the iwo.rity or btdtem from the
rinctudant. (L-ntt'ai, hta nearly all Hpecifio
Contract mt n, iNthi ticket i nfjderatooil to be
pledxed Hjaifot n .,ciil. 'I he obj., t tbmt(:bt to bo
attained i fo dividt! tb Independent I'nloo Tarty
and have the field to Fdlon.
The 1'acilie Mail fteiii,,ip Company ara e
In tw ke! by Vie Colorado, which aiM, tlill"Kj('
iio-t., at 2!" f"f ' ''''. ""fj-iila roomyVlfi
,r,l, do., iuid... for Hccoiid CbIiui, , 5 f,
elei-niiitc. The rate by the Amer.( ou the Lith
will be of couriMJ propoilionally low,
The weather yc-terdny and tday wa axcatd
injfly warm. ." t '
Abolition rusionDemoerata Eallyiny. '
Pan Francie, Sept. 5, The i'n don or eompri-priml-
ticket hn been accept I by th rV-u
t nioti Ciitiitnitfee. I'uioii candididci have with
dniwii in favor of flr In tioiuiiici.,, and pleljjwl
thomcve to H'lppoit the ticket.
The I icmocrary beld a large tria meeting in
J'latf'a Hall lat ni'ht. .
rrom British Colan.bU. ' h
New V.'eKtmiiifter, Hcpt, 6.Tbe tie Kpiaentiat
Church here wa dmtroyed by lire lat ai(r,ht. Ta4
chiui- of bell wan navcd. Lo th-Ht tSOOO.
The Coltfu Overland Tdcp-raph f omimny'il,, J
Clara Hell arrived here to-day, frm Pidt Anrurt
2()!h. The line I in working vAt tut 870 iull
and will rhortly le eomplcufl L" Qninctl's taenia'
40 mile tior'tli of here. Tlio lino It npen ,
l.ilinc to Poda cn-ck. : ;
San Tranciac Eloctin netanu.tax
Democratic Gain I "
,n Frneico, Fcpt. ft The cleeiiow n ttty
to day i prreintf v7 ini'y. There j tth
excitement, and the v!c i i"i'tt. It i hnp-wnibhj
vet fo tell bow thwcW tion ha (f". ''0t thtn Urn
atroiijf prohitl.ility t.'it a portion of tha DemiatratW
ticket i elected. ' Mmlcr of tho In Ion partica
havcxhown Krcit.' apathy, whilu DtmtrU bav
wot kail vigorously. " at
. - . , r .
Kan Frii(-ico, Prpf. C-.16 r, K.r"fw, tthimt t
I Ihi bouf ar very rt-asrre. Ti. total wiU
probably f .t up a iinle over I3,tl.. Jt it tktisjrlil
the ll-uiocraf f,v elcrw-d Jjrliaw to the Hetta
and got. five f tll4, Acn,blytnen. Tahb beiij' i
both the ltejolar and t,i'frl ficnderlt ticket, U efttcj.
ed. Colin, on th Itegamr ticket, t oltrHoi,'
Flour Kith of r,ots(J hf awl r vk Wal nin
enlta, at iUatoUt;b?b "fl bid. ! W ileal Market
i-t adv. a oil i.iir i)uin'l. Falca i,f 60S fit jig. 2
at $1 Co , Situ do at f 02J ; 4tiW ' ,u J, in ntmi
$ 7't : Hfiti fk choice, it 7.'i m vary full ptUl
tM Sab-- o .170 k at 1 321f,l 4" 16t lb.
y H !.!. t. at -VI H'otd fa lea
of 1;,.(om II, fall !ip t.t f.f.i. If,lc, and 17r9t)a fc
sprmjr 11(1. fr.e of bnrr. l7(-(,Ztic, -
I" U'd "i -iidvr Not. a Kale ii J;t.lOO at f Je,
California Eloctioa- 'f
Kan Francbo .,, ft pt. 7. The n turns wot ail (l
hut etM,iiXb is known to Sudk:ate the cleetiaa af
'I ui t., lndcpend-nt t n'mti Senator, and fix A
iemldyiii. ti on the tame ticket, and of Shaw, ttan
ocratir ;-ii nator, and fit iJcmocraHc Aeinb!ynn.
Cohen, regular Union, ix Uot elcctetl. Fanta f.'rur,
Monterey, ,sota Clara. Ontra Coat and Alctotd
all (joue regular t'nion.
rfi.i.H. Misav's LeTTKtt. .Mr. Chaa. Ma
'in, v. tc fiwii Jiimt;lf rimirinan of the 5fa
li'inal Doni'M-mtu; C'HiitnitUv, hua uUutheJ
a hiri letter adilrcifd t the Jbmiex-rafj fif
tiin rnittti, in w hicJi be (mkim-I. tlictii n. to
nhiit he tliink they t.nwfit to Jo. Aniftn
t ther erjnallv a!-unl tilings, he adviaea the
jmrty t.t arej,t rrcilcnt JuhuMm an chief
leader, nl t.i p-ncraliy approve and nutain
hi rttiliey, Mr. Ch;ia. Mamm U weltwiine to
Jhia own im ultar view, and haa the lutaie
right that any (,t!i:r indiviiJual haa to mh
it..," , ,
i th,, t-"K others to twhmt
them : hut he has no (tort nf ittitJuiritr -bnt.
ver ti .ruinu!s Iiia own peculiar tdeuti aA
pliw-e. was anttlier of the evila which attend.
the ln.t Xuthtnal Cnv-ntKm at Chicnn,
-c hope the party mav never aain ,-om-
( - -
'n't maiiT or iijiiM.r!
- - -t1gr'rrTrrrvr?)i prcicrrwl to make tho
. ,. . ,
icaiiipain w yttiirt) irif irae
ainp.'un tmjMiiirif iriMena ot principle, .Mr.
Mas-tin's voifitaeU will have no weijht with
the I)-fiierai y of Orem. They are Iemo
crar, not politician. ' nor Johnson
J0IIVS0S A.VD UaoWNUiW. It wouM p.
pour from the lowing that while President
Jnhntwrn t-avt tlmt it remain with theSoath
ern Slate tlo-mselvi to ddjitle whether or
not negroes ahall le permittetl to -te then
in, he ti-uuicit tit hinsself the tho authority
to interfere wit1' Jic elective franchise aa be-
tween the white citizens in those Statea, as
the apjtendetl letter from him io Governor
I'arson Brnwnlow tSeniontttrutea. Ani fur
ther, he aeenm determined that the htwpaaK.
ed by his own party during the last aession
of ConirreHS shall not tay him from sending
wjliliera to interfere with the election. Vf
copy hi letter ; , ;
Wasiiixoto.v, July lfi, 1865 3:33 P. i.
To (Joverxok W.'G. Brow.vlow : I have
no ilouht that yon will soe that the laws na
etl hy the Lt-giHluture are faithfully executed,
ana ttnu iminyai votera, in ine appriaeinng
election, he kept from the poll, and that the
election tor uiemlioraot Uongreaa be conduct
ed fairlv. Whenever it leeomes nctewaiT
fur the execution of the law and protection
of the hallot-laix. you will call upon General
Thomas for sufficient military force to hu
taiu the civil authority of the State. I have
just read 3'our aldres., which I moat hearti
ly indorse. Axdrew Johnsos,
President of the United States. 1 1
With reference to Emerson Etheridge, i'
Louisville paper states that he wa arrested
in Gil.iltHon county, Tenn.. several davs ao.
oy juieuL-vtn. ueotzey, ana taxen to Uolum
hus, Ky., where Lieut.-Col. Debozer i m
conirnand. Mr. Etheridzehad ljen tJelivrr-'
ing speeches to the people of an exceedingly
exasperating character, denouncing the Prea-'
tdent personally and abusing the Government '
generally .-w-Jew York Tribune. : !
If "denouncing the President perwinally -
and abu-sinjr the Government eenerallv". be
a puniihable offense now, it must have heen
years ago, when the Administration men of
this day denounced President Buchanm and
abused the Government. What excuse have
they to plead for their manifold wrongs in
this respect. . It must follow, however, that,
the same thing will continue to be an offense '
when the Democrats come into power again, f
Do our Abolition friends think it will be?'
An early answer respectfully solicited. , , x
Dispatches state that President Johnson.'
has expressed a determination that tho law
passed by the Tennessee Legislature slali be,'
obeyed, and ihat all illegal voters in the ap-i
proaching election shall be kept frori the-;
polls.-T-New York Tribune. - f , -. ;;"
Since when has tha authority been rested'
in the President to interfere in the domestic
affairs of a State. If it can be done with 1
Tennessee, so can it with Oregon.. .Cannot
our opposition friends discover the neccjesity. .
of assorting the doctrine of State Rights in
this matter? It is but one of many parallel
instances. . ' .
Smut Machixe. -A new smut machine I,
and separator have been fitted in Jacob Con- '
ser's flouring mill at Jefferson'.' They- are
of Oregon -invention and, construction