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About The Albany register. (Albany, Or.) 1868-18?? | View Entire Issue (March 12, 1875)
FVItMSirED EVKRY FRIDAV, BY
IN REGISTER BUILDINGS,
Corner Ferry anil First Streets.
TERMS-IN Alrt'ANCE. :
On eopv,orte vear ............ ....2 30
One copy, fix months 1 SO
To clubs of t went V, eaeh cop v 2 00
Single copies... ......... .....Ton cents.
Suhserl'iers onifMi' of Ltmi eonnty will
be charirc-d 1 een's cxtm.-i 70 for tbe
yeur as tuar is iu auionnr ni ihwihip
per annum which wenre required to pay
on each jmper mailed ly .
FRIDAY. MAH'CII 12, 1875.
AkpuIh ior tJ: Register.
The following named srentlemen nre au
thorized to receive and receipt for sub
scriptions to the HkiiisTEU iu tbe localities
mentionn: , r .
Messrs. Kirk & Humo........Hrownvllle.
JSolwrt Glass. ....... ... .Cvnwfhrdsville.
YY. i. Smttn. i.... . ..Hnlsey,
O. l Tompkins.. ............IInrrishur!r.
K II. t'lnnsrhton Lclmnnn,
A. WIhi-Iit A Co Shortd
Mossr. Smith St l,nvftld...JniictiouCltv.
I. B. Irvine..... Scio.
Thiw. II. Kevnolds fvilem
W. Waterliou.je... Monmouth.
Appropriation for Oreiron Blvcrs.
Congressman Xesmith Informs the
Oregnnian that the River and Harbor
Appropriation Bill, as passed by the
House on the 22d of February, con
tained the following items for Oregon:
For the improvement of the J,ower
Willamette and Cohimhin rivers?, from
"Portland, Oregon, to the sea, $ 20.000.
For the improvement ot tlie Upper
"Willamette, $-25,000. For the im
provement of the Upper Columbia
river, $33,000. This is a total aggre
gate of $ S0.000, a sum which, it judi
ciously and intelligently expended,
will do a vast amount of good. The
appropriation of ? 25. 000 for the im
provement of the Upper Willamette
ought, if properly expended, to clear
it of al! obstructions and make it
navigable for light draught steamers
the year round. This, at least, is the
opinion of experienced and competent
nver men, as stated to us more than
once. AVe are not informed whether
the bill passed the Senate as it came
from the House, bnt we hope that it
3id, without any change whatever,
and that the appropriation may be
sed intelligently and honestly.
Robert J. Sharp writes quite a
lengthy eouimmiieatiou to the Salem
Jiecord under the heading "What is
' the matter with Kansas. " The writer
claims to have been a resideut of
. Kansas over eight years, and should
know whereof he asserts. lie says,
in substance, that Kansas Is a failure
A3 an agricultural State; that crops
have been a failure five years out of
eight; tint 1 he State lias been kept
alive tlie iast five years through
emeigration. ITe further says:
Thcre are natural causes for these
drouths in Kansas that are beyond
human power to control. Tliat State
has a sand desert bordering it on the
soutb-west, extending oIT in a south
west direction for over 500 miles down
to the Kio Grande river iu Texas,
and I don't know how much farther,
and 400 m;!es in its greatest width.
This accounts for those hot winds they
have in that country. For proof of
this assertion I refer you to Gen.
George A. Custer and all the officers
of the 7th U. S- cavalry."
More Railroad Talk.
We are informed that quite a discus
sion has arisen in tlie Granges in this
county, on the question as to the depth
of water on the bar at tlie month of
Yaqnina Bay at Jpw tide i and upon
wic proper iiiKierstauuiugui uhj matter
hangs to some extent the amount of
aid that will be given by our people
to the Yanuina Railroad. We nre
assured by Judge Chenoweth that
there is ten feet of water on tlie bar at
low tide, and fifteen feet, ami some
times more, at high tide, in the old
channel. The. rock obstruction at the
crossing of the bar, he says, is not
more than ten feet across, and on
either side Is deep water.. The Shu-
brick has had no difficulty in going in
and out. But there is another channel
in which there is never less than fif
teen feet of water at low tide, but in
or near the center of this channel there
Is a single rock, covered by probably
eight or ten feet of water at low tide,
which parties have offered to remove
for tin- sum ot $1,000. Tills rock re
moved, and we have a wi.e and safe
cliiitinel, with fifteen feet of water at
low tide. Vessels in coining in or go
ing out of Yaquin Bay. will not have
to nin the gauntlet of a long line of
breakers, sunken rocks, always more
or less dangerous. We have not the
Government survey at liand to verify
these statements made by Judge Chen
owetli, but are inclined to give them
full credence. There seems to be one
thing certain, and tliat is, that no
busiuess man or set of men, would
bind tliemselves to furnish the Iron
and rolling stock, fully equipping and
placing a railroad of fifty miles in
length in running order, without first
being fully informed as to all tlie ad
vantages to accrue to him or them
through such expenditure, as well as
the obstacles to be overcome. The
road after being built would be a very
unprofitable piece of property, ; if
vessels ot sufficient capacity to carry
away the produce of the country cou.d
not enter the Bay. We have been
promised further facts in relation to
this matter, and we propose to lay
them before our readers from time to
time, so that they may judge for them
selves a to the importance or benefit
to be derived by Linn county through
the building of the Y. B. Railroad.
The V. S. Senate la Extra Session.
The following matters of interest are
from Washington, under date of March
The crowd in. the Senate galleries to-day.
was larger than any time since the in
auguration, and the floor is also j tilled.
Great anxiety was manifested 1o ascertain
the location of the Beats of Andrew) John
son and prominent new senators. I John
son was assigned a sent on the outer row
on the Democrat iu side, that formerly
occupied by Iioy. who now has tile seat,
formerly occupied by Alcorn. Dawes has
the sent which Chandler occupied.! Cnon
the desks of Johnson and pawes were
larjje bouquets. Iturnside was welcomed
bv the clapping of hands in the galleries.
Vice President Wilson called the rSenate
to order at 12 o'clock, and after reading
the proclamation o! the President the oath
was administered to the new senators.
As. Johnson advanced to-the clerk's desk
to take the oath, there was great applause
in the galleries, which was soon checked
by the Vice President- After lie was
sworn in a laree botiqnet was handed him
by a page, and he was escorted to his seat
by Boiv. All the new senators -bavins?
been sworn, Morton offered a resolution
acknowledging the Kellostar government
in Louisiana, which was laid ovet at his
request. He then offered a resolution to
admit Pinchback as senator from !l,otiisi
ana and gave not ice that he wouldj ask its
consideration perhaps on MondayJ
At 12:20. on motion of Frelinsjhuysen,
the Senate took a recess till 1 o'clock.
Immediately, Senator Johnson was sur
rounded by visitors, and was kept busy
shaking hands till the close of the recess.
Vice President Wilson, lea vinij t he chair,
ave Johnson a cordial areetma. i
Caperton. Cokerill, Jones of Florida.
Maxy and Withers took the modified oath,
bavinir been pnmred on the Confederate
side In the reU'llion. Booth andj Sharon
have not yet arrived. . I
Upon tlie resumption of business
Edmonds and Stevenson, th committee
appointed to wait upon the President,
reported that he would communicate
with the enate on Monday next, till
which time rhe Senate then adlonrned.
For an hour after the adjournment.
Senator Johnson received the congratula
tions of the crowd of people who were
unable to call upon him before the recess.
Wa.shln;to, March 5.--The sussion to
day was attended by all the memliers.
The principal snbiect under considera
tionwasthe nominations, which will be
sent to the senate early next wees.
r. D. S. L. Railroad. Wed
nesday's OregoHiaH lias this para
graph, under the above heading,
which will be read with interest :
"On this subject. Col. Chapman
writes to John Brattain, under date of
Washington. Feb. ISth, as follows:
Of course you have lieard of the
defeat ot our bill. The big railroads
were willing to see its test tlie Sen
ate, not believing that our defeat
would seal their fate. Bnt it flattened
thera out with tlieir heavy debts on
their shoulders, while t had just been
notified tliat tlie representative ot
English capitalists would sail on the
17th ,'yestenlay) to meet me here, and
reqtiestittg me to retnaia and com
plete negotiations. Tlier preferred to
invest without our bill, unless raate
rialiv amended. At their request, I
remain ti!l the lt of March, when
they will be here.
The people of Southern Oregon
still profess the utmost confidence io
the richness of the new discoveries of
gold, silver and cinnabar in that re
. glon. It is asserted, . however, that
every loot of the ledges so far dis
covered have been cramped on; that
the accommodations for, man and
beast are inferior, and cost money :
that tlie re are now in the mines more
people than y accommodations, and
parties who cannot afford to pay; for
the luxury of sight seeing and hard
Jiving, are advised to stay at home
1 until further developments advice, by
the way,' which Is certainly good. ,
Wednesday's Oregantan says that a
dispatch was received fa Portland
. the eveiiing before, from Concord,
2?e Hampshire, asserting that the
, Republicans had carried tliat State,
electing their candidate for Governor,
a majority in 1 both branches of tlie
Legislature, and the " members of
' TIOaxei.. The Salem papers say
that the discovery of rich gold quarts
near Independence, - reported last
-week, la a bnge hoax.1 , W were in
hopes that it was the truth, and at
the time of the report were inclined
to give it full credence.
A Loudon telegram of the 9th says :
This week's Mirk Lam- Efpr says
since its List issue, wheat has- gained
fiiHya shilling In price. There is a
firmer feel it ig and better demand
tbrongbout the, trade. Xeverthele3
apeculatioa is wholly wanting. .
On the feta Inst, Mrs. Evans, in
Seymour county, Kew Tork, ent the
throats or ber two ciilUren, aged
three aad six years, and then cat ber
own throat. "
Arthur Help, tlie English author,
died on the 7th inst- aged 57.
Charles James Mathiew, the French
astronomer, died in Paris, aged 92.
Lientcuant-General, Sir James Pope
Grant, died on the 7th, aged 67.
It is stated tliat Dr. Kenally has
given notice that on the 10th Inst-, be
will call attention to Tichborne.
" J. W. Evans of Arizona, who
shot and killed James Carroll some
weeks ago. and was himself shot, has
bad his arm amputated. "
From Tucson, Arizona, we learn
that tlie military telegraph was com
pleted to Camp Lowell on the eveuiug
ot the 5th Inst.
BUI King, the man who figured so
largely among the P. M. Co's. sub
sidy takers, used to be a poor country
editor in Minnesota. He is supposed
to be rich now.
Mrs. A. C. P. Smith,- widow of the
late Gerrit Smith, died at Peterboro,
X. T., on the 6th, aged 71.
The rumor comes from Washington
that Attorney General Williams is to
be nominated Minister to Russia, and
ex-Senator Carpenter is to be appoint
ed Attorney General.
The great amount ot snow that fell
in New Hampshire on the 7th it was
thought would cause a great reduction
In the vote on the 9tb, as locomotion
was rendered almost impossible.
G. S. Orth has been nominated
Minister to Austria; Horace May
nard, Minister to Turkey ; ex-Con
gressman C. C. Sheets, of Alabama,
sixth auditor of the treasnry, vice
J. J. Martin, appointed r postmaster
at Montgomery. :
Tlie President has nominated D.
S. Wade for Chief Justice of Montana,
The convention between the United
States and Spain for the settle ment of
the Virginia affair baa been signed. .
The . Turkish . . Government C has.
ordered five hundred' pieces of artillery
from the great establishment of Kmpp,
of Essen, Germany. Tbe largest
piece, - fourteen inches in diameter,
costing about f 100,000, has been pre
sented by Herr Kropp to the Sultan,
who has conferred on him the Order
of tbe Mediidie of the second class. -
- Telegrams from . San Diego, Cal.,
dated the Stlt. say the corn crop in the
valley will largely exceed that of last
season, from present indications. L4a
J nana valley will produce a good crop
of tobacco. . Encouraging accounts
hare also been received from San
Lois Key. valley, . for' farmers, bee
keepers and sheep owners. Hatters
at the Julian mines are in a prosper
ooa condition, and miners and tbe
farmers In tbe vicinity of Banna as
well as Julian are intbe best ot spirits
over the outlook. -.-4- . . rt
At Salt Lake on the 4th insW attor
ney George E. Whitney bad a dis
agreement with Jodge McKean, dor-
ng a session of court, and after, its
adjournment, as the Jnrlge was leaving
the loom, be said: "If yon mean" to
say what I said was false, you lie.
On the 8th an order was read in court
thatGeorge E. Whitney pay a fine
ot f 100, and that he be forbidden to
practice in the court until In open
court, at each time as shall salt the
convenience of the court, he stall hi
person in writing make an unequivocal
acceptable apology tot the contempt
of conrt, and that In default of such
payment and apology, wULIn ooe
motitb, he be disbarred.
The Register sav: "A number of
bovs ranging in i age from 14 to 20
years, sous of citizens of Vancouver,
are kept out of mischief and are ren
dering society a real service by ac-
ceptinz employment at the salmon
fisheries down the , Columbia. I A boy
who is skillful and indnstrlotis can
earn all the way from $35 toi $50 per
For the first tune in several years
the city treasurer of Vancoftver has
had to endorse warrants drawn on the
treasury "not paid for the want of
funds. " The depleted state of the
municipal exchequer is due to the
large dm fts made upon it to satisfy
the demands of Messrs. j Brittou.
Gray & Drummond. of Washington,
D. C. the city's attorneys iu the
townsite controversy. j
The Lewiston. Idaho, paper savs
"The recent cold snap has killed
nearly all tlie peach trees in this sec
tion of the country. All the black
berry huslies are also frozen j down to
the ground, and the pear and plum
trees have suffered considerably. This
is a great misfortune, as most of the
orchards were just beginning to be
profitable to the owners a fid a lux
ury to fruit eaters, j
The.Bozeman (Montana) jfimea says
that an expedition to profpeet and
settle atiotit the Big Horn will leave
there in March or April ifollowing.
E. B. Way, commander of a former
expedition to the Yellowsjtone, w-ill
take cliarge of tlie party. jEach one
will secure ins own otitnt tnree
months' provisions and 4001 rounds of
ammunition, with a pack animal for
Agent-tor-roving-bands-In d 1 a n s
Brown, has received a letter from the
Indian Bureau. Washington, con
cerning Indians in Clatsop and Tilla
mook counties who have ftever been
treated with. Hon. R. Mal'.ory liad
written on about these Indians and
complaining of their presence tliere.
The department instructs - Agent
Brown to look tliem up and see that
they are properly cared for on some
Quoting some rather ill- natured
words from an Eastern Oregon paer
against the Webfeet, tlie Lewiston
Northern er says: "Eastern Oregon
don't like the Webfeet ; Eiistern
Washington don't like the Clam-eaters.
and Northern Idaho don't like South
ern Idaho. What we want is a new
Territory, formed out ot Eastern
Oregon, Eateru Washington and
Northern Idaho. The plan mar not
be practicable, i but the .'interests of
these sections cannot better be served
than oy its consummation.
The following story is told by a
contemporary : A clergyman, seeing
a man come into church after the
sennon had begun, stopped bis dis
course, anJ remarked toi him, G lad
to see you. sir; come jin; always
glad to see those liere late who can't
cotue.iearly. " Tlie man thus address
ed, in the presence of an astonished
congregation, promptly j responded :
"Thank yon; would you favor me
with the text."! j
People who : object to elaborate
weddinzs should en to Iowa, where a
marriage was j recently celebrated
with tlie following brief ceremony:
Tlie happy pair were told to join their
right hands, and were I then asked.
"Do you want one another?" Both
replied, "Yes."! "Welii then, have
one another ; and the ) couple were
man ana wile, i
"My real number is six. but my
band will stand squeezing, " is what
she said to the young fman at the
glove counter. And tlie! great thick
beaded lunatic got her a j pair of five
and a half gloves without finding out
how mut-h soneeriog her band would
bear. We would hava. worked at
that job an bonr, but shej should have
bad an exact nc
The Tacoma Tribune say: The
American ship Orient, ff 1,800 tons
measunnent arrived at Utsalady from
San Francisco last Friday. She is
loading spars tor Cork, in the United
Ktnsdom of Great Britain and Ire
land. The Orient H one of the largest
ships Hut ever loaded ,on Puget
Sound ; The Great Faciac of 1,700 tons
being one. and th- JerimiaU Thomp
son ot 1,900 tons the other. TJtsalady
also loaded tlie Pacific and Thompson,
and now adds tbe Orient to her preten
sions as to the port to wnicn three-
deckers have to go for cargoes.
TV Cntrrt r - Hilrmnk ml
all the Upper Sound aret well supplied
tn mail service now, and they know
bow to appreciate it, after the taste
given them last fall of being -left out
in the cold. ' 'roe regaiar mail con
tract calls for, three 'trip a wjek.
which are promptly performed, and
then Cant. Wright, of the Zeer,
rives us an extra one for which be
asks and gets no pay except tbe thanks
or scores who are greatly accommo
dated by his - generous action. Be
makes two trios ner week and carries
the mails both times, altuongh his
.Tohn Wontl. of Olymnia, has been
held to answer to a charge of selling
liquor to a minor. "
Mr. M. C Simmons, ot oyster
Bay, W. T., will start a logging camp
at the head of that bay. for Capt.
Eenton, of the Blakely mill.
.Ttidge Clark, a newly appointed
in Idaho, held Ins maiden term
of the district court at Boise City last
Mr. P. B. Clark, who had the
n,aii ...(mct. between Jiozemau aiwi
V ir-rinia Cit v. Montana, has relinquish
ed if, and a'special contract has been
let to C. C. lluntly.
M r. .T n. Ttowell. of Washington
county, lost during last week two fine
horses, one a fine stallion, worth $300,
died from having a nail run into his
loot, ann the outer, a une juuug
from being snagged in the leg.
Bishop Spaulding. of Colorado, has
deposed John C. Fitnani. a presby
ter of his jurisdiction, iroin luewraeu
ininistrv. in accordance wiin cstiiuu o.
title 11 (2) of the dtsrest. Fitnam was
an editor, and might have known the
two offices wouldn't work well to
gether. ' '
'fl ... Wnctitnivfnn C.nrtntV P.OIineil
i" ..-...fot.... - ...j --
P. of H.. at the hist, meeting, elected
the following officers to serve for the
next vear: uivsses jacason, i-resi
dent; R. A. Carjienter, Vice Presi
dent; H. C. Raymond. Secretary;
T. D. Humphreys, Treas. ; .las. v .
Gibson. Steward ; E. H. warren,
Stock of all kinds in Tillamook is
coming through the winter in goon
condition. The grass is green and
growing. - But little feeding has been
necessary this winter. The farmers
are plowing and sowing grain. Their
winter wheat ana oats took wen, not
having been injured in the least by
tbe winter. i
Four of Lewiston's best pugilists
undertook to chastise an Indian one
day last week, but the quartette were
vanquished in disorder. The trouble
grew out of a dispute about a cow.
The "noble red man" failed to get
away with the cow, but he got away
witli his men.
Some scoundrel attempted to ' set
fire to Bunker & Squirs' gin shop, at
Lewiston. last week, by saturating the
premises with coal oil ami applying a
match, but a few buckets of water
and a thorough snow-balling stayed
the devouring element, and whisky is
Eight large business blocks, mostly
brick, have been erected in Catiyoti
City, Colorado, since last July, ac
cording to the Avalanclie, In addition
to these tliere were built fifty odd
dwelling-houses. Tlie whole cbt of
buildings ot all classes for the period
named is given by the Aealaticfie at
$111,830. A court-house, to cost
several thousand dollars. Is among
Much interest was manifested in a
case which was tried in justice court
at La Grande week before last, en
titled State ot Oregon vs. Andrew
Ladd. In which defendant was charged
with btirelarv in forcibly enterine a
granary belonging to his son, John
J.aiki. iKdei.ua nt was neia to otui
for his appearance at circuit court for
the sum of $ 200. which having been
given, he was left at liberty.
The HillsboroiitfjwJ?i tells thi3:
"Recently In his absence Mr. Har
mon's house on the Lousignot Lake
caught fire from the chimney in the
iiiiiht and hnrned up with all the
household effects. The boy who was
living in the houe, wlien lie found it
was on fire, went to hi uncle's dwell
ing near by and went to bed with one
ot his cousins, and said nothing about
tlie tire, because lie did not like to
disturb tlie folks when it was so damp
iu chilly out. doors. "
Mr. J. Mackin. informs the Walla
Walla Statesman that the . prolonged
spell of cold weather was terribly dis
astrous to the fruit trees in this valley.
In some places the peach trees are
killed outright. Mr. Mackin thinks
the coming season will show the peach
crop an entire failure. The apple.
pear, plum and cherry trees have all
suffered. This is more especially the
eae in tlie nciehborhood of town.
but it is believed tliat throughout the
valley the orcliards have been greatly
Tbe Silver City, Idaho, Avalanche,
says: "The prospect ior lively times
tlie coming spring are decided ly
brighter tliau ever before known in
- . .1 : . ,
1 1 j C camp. n ii tiic mines uu ,i nr
Eaele mountain were never in such
good sliape for yielding large quanti
ties or ore as tney are at present, and
preparations are being matle for a
vigorous mining campaign during the
coming summer. Besides the mines
already in operation, other new enter
prises are projected, which will greatly
atkl to the industry and mineral pro
duct of our camp. Tlie two smelting
furnaces at south Mountain win turn
out ten tons of bullion per day. the
transportation of which to Wiiinemucca
will give employment to all the teams
in tlie Territory. "
The San Francisco Commercial Her
ald gives handsome meed ot jut
praise to tlie woolen manufacturers of
Oregon, and says that tlie "'eassimeres
of the Willamette Mills are valued
for their uniform good quality and
tasty styles, and readily taken by tlie
trade on receipt here. " The sales of
good made in these mills during last
appears that a company have been at
work grotind-sluieitjg"all winter, and
in cleaning up have taken out a- large
quantity of the precious metal, jwhich
has cansed the great excitements
Alter tlie question of the expediency
of having any more" Chinamen! come
to this coast, had been settled in the
negative by nearly every" debating
club in the country, the Olynipia
club deciding it the other way (a -few
evenings since, leaving us liable to be
"lloodgated" with Celestial immi
grants. .-. i
To Commence. The San 1 Fran
cisco Bulletin ot'a late tlate .says that
"work on the Oregon a;;d Wiiine
mucca railroad will be begun at both
ends in tlie spring. The company
have secured means enough toi insure
the completion of the work at an
early day. " This is good news to
Oregon, bnt it may not be entirely
reliable. Since this 'statement has
been made public, we. may as well
tell what we were assured" during the
last session ol our legislature : A
gentleman who ought to have ; known
what he was saying, and who evi
dently spoke from authority, told us
that if the Legislature passed the bill
then pending', the "road would be
built immediately, whether Congress
gave any aid or uot. " We trust tliat
it may, and believe it will. Enterprise.
"The Political Situation" is fully
presented in the February number of
the Eepvfjlic, published at Washington,
D. C. The motives of the Democratic
"banditti, " or leaders of the White
League in the South, and their allies,
the Democratic Obstructionists in
Congress, are shown up in their true
light iu the leading article? in this
number of the Magazine, and in papers
under the tit'es of "Carl Sclmrz as a
Witness;" "Louisiana: Kansas
the Difference;" "Is the Country
Prepared for Demoeratie iRule?'1
"President Grant and his Assailants,"
and in several pages of quotations
from Senator foran s great speech On
the South. The 1,'erwh'fc should be
read by every friend of the Union and
of peace, harmony, and prosperity
throughout the Union. It is issued
monthly, at only $2 a year, or 25 cents
a number, by "The Ilepuldic i Publish
ing Couqiany, " Washington, D. C
The X. Y. Tri'i-mi ay the Cana
dian Commissioners to the American
Centennial Exhibition will proceed to
Philadelphia at an early day lo place
themselves m relation with tlie
American Commissioners. 1
In order to promote relations with
the Holv See. a Legation is lo be es
tablished at Rome by the Nicam
Patrons of Husbandry.
The Constitution of the Order of Patrons
of Husbandry was amended i in several
rjarticn!ars at the recent session, .of the
In San Francisco assrreea
nearly a dnarter of a million of dol
lars. The Herald says licit during the
year tliere has been a marked im
provement tn the qoaiuy oi tne manu
factured woolen good received from
Oregon. Tlie fabrics of tlie Salem.
Brownsville and Oregon CityaSicto-
ries will compare jiroEiaoiy with those
of any other factory sin tlie laud, in
almost everv variety, and . in some
artR-les are superior, to any elsewhere
A letter, dated the 23d nit, from
Tillamook to tbe , Independent, says :
A led ire snpposed to be rich in silver
has been discovered near this valley.
A comjrtiiy of 25 men are at work on
this ledge drilling and blasting and
developing tlie mine. They will send
tome or toe rock to I'ortiand to-mor
row to have it assayed ; in the mean
time the company will continue Work,
as they have entire i:h that the ledge
is rich hi silver. The excitement
here reminds me of the spring ot IS63.
when tbe Florence mines spread snch
a fever among the people. Yon can
men wiui picks ami b novels.
blankets and cooking - ntensiis on
their backs pressing forward, and
Prof. Gilman has been ' appointed
oos of the West Point Examiners jr
75, by the resident. .
Tbe six little children of the lata
Mrs. Sloan, are to start East soon, to
be placed tn the care of their grand
father in Pennsylvania, Their father
is in the asylum at SteiXsaxxa almost
contract only requires j him to take it
once. " t . '
A stock man informs the Walla
Walla &tnteimtn that in Walla Walla
alley there Is not 30 tons of hay lor
sale. .very thing has been eaten np
slick and dean, and unless the spring
grass pots in an eany appearance even
pet animals wul have to so on short
every man straggles to get in the
lead. Oregon may . yet furnish as
rich mines as have yet been discovered.
w by not mines here on the Coast
rauze. wbkh is continuous with tbe
coast inotuitauwiu .Caltoruia so rich
in all the valuable minerals? "
From Mr. Egbert French, a mer
chant doing business at GohJendale,
vr . x who arrived at the jjaiies ou
Wednesday last week for the purpose
of purchasing mining tools, the
Mountaineer learns that ihto and ex
tensive gold mines have lately been
discovered five miles north of Golden
dale on the Canyon road in the
Klickitat valley. The excitement
i has already." spread over the entire
valley ana everyoody has gone to t he
pew diggings to secure a claim- It
National Grange at Charleston i sS. C. Wc
give below, the Constitution as amended
Unman h.inniness is the acme of carthlv
ambition. Individual happiness depends
uixin general prosperity. i
Tlie prosperity of a ntion is in propor
tion io I lie vaine oi lis "i '.iae'io;i!.
Tbe sotil in the ton--e from'whenee we
derive nlii liat eon: ite wealth : without
it we would have iioairricnhnre, nnmann
faetnres.no commence, a!l the mauv
rial trtftis of the Creator, the vnrions mxv.
rtuctiona of the veifetiible world are of the
first importance. Tlie art of auricuirnre
isthe parent end precursor of all arts.an:.
its produels t he fiundu,kn of all wenttti
The ircv!n!ins ol" 1 he ear: h are imbibe
to the infliu-neeof natnrullaws. invariable
and indisputaltle: the amount produced
will conse.iuentlv bo in proportion to the
intellieuee of the producer, and eoocefs
will depend upon ni. know lease ol tne
act ion ot 1 liee hiws. and tilt- proper a;
jilicr.tion of tiieirrraieir.es.
Henee. knowledge is I he foun'lation or
ha.:mes. . i
The ultimate object of this organization
is for ninttuii i'psi ion and protect iyi.
to lisrli'en labor hy diffusing n ktiowieU:e
f its ainiH and purpose. ex;a:id tiie niind
hj tnu'inK tbe Ijcaniiftil laws tile Gitat
Creator has established m iie Universe,
and to enlarge our views of Creative wis
dom and power.
To those who readartarhf. history provini
that In ail aice. society Ufrasrinenlury. and
suceesfttnl results of nemt welline tan
be secured only hy eneml efttorr. Cnity
of action cannot b" acquired ; wilbont dis
cipline, an.l UfK-ipilne cannot ne entoivea
without 9ini:icnt organization ; iieiu-e
we have a ceremony of initiation w li Ufa
binds n in inu'ttal fraterniiv as wi;!t
lund of iron; iut although its intinenee
is so powerful, its application is as jrentle
astnatof the silken, thread,; tliat binds
wreath of flowers. i
The Patrons of Husbandry consists of
the following : i
Crsitn ization .
CrBOBPiJ. ATE GEA3EGES.
First Degree Maid ;wpniah). Laborer,
Second Peirree Shepherdess (woman!.
Third Degree Gleaner (woman). Har
vester (man.) i
Fourita l.'eirree Matron (woman!, Ens-
bandman (man.) ;
Secttos 1. Fifth Deirree -Pomona
(Hone.) Compoetl ot the lasters of Sub
ordinate Granites and I heir wives who are
Matrons, provided th it when the nnm'HT
of Sn'iordinate tiranjres in anv ?!:e le-
cotm-3 so area: as to render it necessary".
ii Nie itranp top.y. in sucn manner as
it may determine, re luce it re"resenta-ti-es.
by providing for lh elect iou of a
certain proportion of tltose enlitied lo
memlerhip in the Srate Grange from,
each county; and the memtxirsso cltosen
aimii I- toe o. a:e irarure-
Sbc . There may tie established Ti
triet or Conn y Granges in the ftfthdesree.
not lo escsd one in each county, com
posed of Masters and fast Masiers of f u'
ordinate Granges, and their wires who
are Matrons, and such i four: h-deeree
members mot lo exceed three! as may be
eiecel thereto by the twltordinate
Gransres. nmler snc-n resolations as may
he es?atH--hed by Sale Granges. Sucb
Dtsfrlt or Conniy Granges sliall have
cliarsrc of the e-Jiicn. ion and business
interests of the Onier In their respective
districts: and snail em-onrase. strensfthan
and aid the n!xrdinateGrunges represent
ed therein, itispensations for sncb ids
trict ort.Uanty Granges shall fssne from
tbe State Grange, and under sra h reguia
tions as the S:a:e Grange may adopt.
'.jrth rfm-r:n TtaH'T.l
Compnse-.l of Ma-f ers of S'ale Gntns
and their wives wco have taken the de
cree of Pomona, and the oict n.1
mem'iersof the Kxcvrutivo Committee of
tne national t.ranae. , ,.
Seventh I esrec-teres 'Faith.l
Members of the National Grangts who
bave served one year therein may heouie
members of this decree npoti appiaition
andeleenon. It l as cl ar-.:e of tbe seeift
vomoitiwurirr.itti i fbatl lie a conrt of
ituirahnent of all or.i'-ri of the National
Grange. - !
Members of this decree are honorary
mnii" of nfe Natiot al Grange, and are
en--ii)!e to otBoea llierctn, Imt not entitled
AKTKLE I -, iotas.
Htwii 1. The offlcers of a Grange,
either Natimtal or Sate. or 5ubord:naie,
consist of and male as follows : Master.
Overseer Lectnner. Reward. Aataiit
Steward, C lis plain, Treroner. censtarv,
GatLeeper. Cere. Vomica. Fiora and.
ijioy Awwiam Metrsnl. It ibeir dnty
axw uic jhhsui uw unKr ut)
Sec. 2. State Gramres shn
nnallyatsuch time and place as the Grange
shall from vear to vear determine.
SfcC 3. The National Grange shall meet
annually on the third Wednesday inNo
vcuibev, at such place as the Grange may
from year to year determine. Should the
Kationa! Grange adjourn without scleet
insrllhe place of tneetin;, the excontive
coiPtiiittee shall appoint the place and
not 1 f v t lie secre t ary nfilwv,.,j.1,,..,,.(1.
and Hie toasters ol State Gran-res.' at least
thirty days before the day appointed.
ARTICLE III. LAWS.
The National Grange, at its annual
session, may frame, amend or repeal such
laws as the stood of the order mnv n-r,
All laws of State and Subordinate Gl ances
most conlorm to this constitution .....I ti.
Jaws adopted by the Xational Grunge.
AKTICLE IV. EITUAI..
The ritual adopted hv th Vottvot
GraPce shall be used bv all suhnntmnto
Granges, and any desired alteration In the
stiine most lie submitted to and receive
tlie sanction ot tlie National Grange.
Anv .person enffn!Md in or..-i..,,i.1,Mi
pnrsuiis and liavinn no interest in conflict
withonr pur)wses, of theae of sixteen
years, duty proposed, elected, and comply
mK with the rules and regulations of i he
oruer, lsentitieit to memltershin and the
benefit of the degrees taken. Kverv n-
plicntion must, be aceomnnnied hv tIi, e
of membership. If rtdeeted. the monev
will be refunded. Anulicntions
certified by inemliers, and balloted for at
a subsequent meetinar. It shall rennire
three negalive votes to reject an appli
cant. : ,
AKTKXK VI. FKK3 FOB MEMBERSHIP.
Tlie tninitnnm fee for memlwishin In a
snliordinare liran;e shall lie. for men five
dollars, and for women two dollars, for the
four dcjrrees, except charter memliero,
who shall pay. men three dollars, and
women fifty cents.
ARTICLE VII. DUES.
SETTTOTC 1. Tlie mininm et nmrnlnv
raont lily dnes shail lie ten cents from each
memtie.r, and each Grange may otherwise
resiiin1!. I'imn line",.
Sec. 2. Tlie Secretarv of each Rnbordl-
nateGranjre shall report quarterly to the
State Gransre the names of all persona
initiated dnriti" the quarter, and par to
the Secretary of the State Grange one dol
lar for each man, and flfiy cents for each
woman, initiated dttrintr the Quarter: also
a qnanerly dne of six cents for each metn-
oer ; sato. report to De approved and for
warded at the first session of the Grange
in ench qnnrler.
Sf.c. 8. TheSecretarvof the State Grange
shall pay to the Treasurer of the State
Wranare all moneys comintr Into his hands.
at, least once every ten days, taking his
receipt therefor; and shnll report quartern-
to the Secretarv of the National
Granjje. the menilershtp In the State.
Sec. 4. The Treasurer of each Stare
Grantee shail derwit to the credit of the
National Grantre of Patrons of Hnslwndry,
with some imnkintr or tmst company (to
be aeleeted by the Executive Committee),
in quarterly instalments, the annual dne
of five cents for each member in his state,
and forward the receipts for the same to
the Treasurer of the National Grange.
Sec. 5. All moneys deposited wit h st!(l
company shall be paid out only noon the
drafts of th- Treasurer, approved by the
5Ias:er, and countersigned by the Secre-lar-v.
Sec. 6. No State Grange snail be entitled
to renresentaiion in the National Grange
whose dues are unpaid for more than one
ARTICLE VHI. CH ASTERS AXD DISPENSA
TION. Section 1. All charters and dispensa
tions issue directly from the National
Sec 2. Nine men and fonr women, hav
ing received the fur sn!ordinft!ederces.
may receive a dispensation toorani2e a
Sec. 3. Applications for dispensations
or charters shad Ins made to tlie seere'ary
of the National Granire, and lie sianed by
the persons applying for the same, and be
accompanied by a fee of tl , !
Sec. 4. Charter niemtiers are those per
sons milii whose names are upon tlie appli
cation, and whose fees were raid at the
time of organization. Their number shall
not bo less than nine men and four
women, nor more than twenty men and
Sec. j. Fifteen stiliordinate Granites
workintr in a S'ato can apply for authority
to organize a S'ate tiranse.i
Sec. 6. Where S ate Granges are orga
nized, dispensations for tlie orsranizat ion
of Ihe s,i!orJina'e Granges, heretofore
issue 1, shall le replaced by charter from
the National Granxe without further fee ;
nnd thereafter all applications for charters
tlie oticeof Hie Master onheS!teGrnne,
and mns lie approve'l by b!m lietore t hey
are issued bv the National Grange. When
so issued, the charter shall pa throuh
the olSce of the seere'ary of the S:ate
Grange and receive the signature and
oiticial sea! of that offlce.
Sni'. 7. No Uranje shall eonfer more
than one decree on tlie saiaeix'rson at the
same meet in. . .
AKTItLE IX. DCTIES OFFICERS.
The dm les nt theofHeersof tbe National.
S'a'e. and Su-Mirdinaie (irautce shall be
prescribed hy the laws of the same.
Set-too?! 4. The treasurer of the Na
tional. Sta'e, and Stiitordiftate Grange
shail s've lionds. to be antroved by tlie
officers of their respective Gruntres.
Sec. 2. In all trranies hills most be ap
prove'l by 1 he Waster, and eoitntersucned
by the secre:ary" before the treasurer can
pay the muie.
ARTICLE XI. RESTBICTIOT S.
Kelijrions or political qnestlons will not
be tolerated as sultjects of discussion in
the work of tbe order, and no polit ical or
religious tests for membership shail bo
The Manter of the National Gransre and
fhemem!ersof the executive committee
sitall lie empowered o snsnend fi-om ofTlce
anv tHcer of tlie National Gratcre who
mav piTH-e mefticient or derelict in thedis
ehare of his duty, subject to appeal to the
next session thereafter of the National
A CARD-l,00O REWARD
rpHE ABOVK REWARD WILL, BE GIV"
- J. en to anv one proving tliat the sales o
The SING Eft do not exceed all others hy
thousands upon thousands. While all tlie
other old companies' sale in 1873 decreas
ed, tho SINGER increased wonderfully,
and keep at the head, where it always la
ajid should he, ..
Albany, Or., Sept. 25, 1874. . .
Me win k Haeblne Sales or 1S7S.
The table ot Sewlngf Machine (Sales for
1873 shows that our sales last year am
ounted to 2U2.44-t (two hundred and
thirty two thousand, four hundred ana
orty-four( f Machines, being a larfre in
crease over the sales of the previous year
(1872.) ' , .
The table also shows that our sales Ex
reed th one ofany other oiaiauy. lor
the period named, by thonumberot 113,
254 Maetilnen, or nearly double those of
any other Companv. ,
It may be further stated that the sales
of 1873, as compared with those of 187.
show a relatively larster increase, beyond
the sales of other makers, than of any
For instance in 1872 we sold 45,000 mora
Machines than any other Company, where
as, in 1878, t ha sales were
112,2114 MHehlae tn EBwasfW
These figures are all the more remark
able, for the teason that the sales of the
principal Companies 1873 am leas) hM
their wiles In 172 whereas, as has
been shown, oar soles have lariceljr
The account of sales la from warn retwrnt
made to the ownersoithe Sewing Machine
Patents. - . '
It will hardly he denied, that the superi
ority of the PtNGEK MACHINES Is fully
demonstrated at all events that their
popularity la the household is unques
Name of No. Sold. or
Machines. - JS72 1873 Ieci-ease
Singer Mrg Co 219.7?!8-23-3,444 In. 12,1
Seeor . M7Co SI I 8,430 " 3.(519
W. & W. Mrs Co...l74,W8 llt,r.W je.M,rf
llomestie.S. M.Co.. 4StJ54 40.114
Grover&DakerCo. S2.C10 3rt,179
Weed S. M. Co 42,444 21,79
Wilson S. M.X.... 2,fiH6 2147 .
How Mnehtne Co.. (no retnrrs.
Wilcox AGibbsCo. 22,39 15,1
American B. 11 Co. 18.trao 14,182
Florences. M. Co.. la,7W3 S.Jfsl "
THE SINGER MANCFACTCBISG
34 Union Square, New York.
Asents, Albany, ;rc;joii.
J E W ELR Y ,
Silver & Plated Ware,
,. "- and
MA JiCFACTCRED AND ADJTTSTKIj
especially for the I'aciiic Coam. by the I
NATIONAL ELGIN WATCH CO.
of Elgin, Illinois, viz: ."
WATCII. and we most eon Aden tly rue
ommend them to tlie public, as possessing
more mod qualities for the price than any
other Watch in the market.
W e also Keep all ot her brands of Elein. i
Waltltaiu and Swiss Watches, Clocks, Jew
elry, silver anu f latea v are,
ABTKXE Xllt. AMKJTDMEKTS.
This constitution can be altered or
amended by a two-thirls vote of the Na
tional Grandest anyannoai lueeiinit: and
wlien such alterations or amendments
shail have leen rntUted by t breeourt lis
ot tne state Granire, ami tiiosame reportea
to the secre ary of the Nationai Grange, it
shall be of full force.
Pistols and Cartridges.
C2T Repairing a Specialty. 53
Car All Work Done nod Goods Mold,
Warranted So ho an Represented.
feet. 2. Horn ClKim.-Jn theSobordins
Granges tbey shall be cIhmti annnaiiy at
tbe rrsm;ar taeetin toi liecember, and
Installed at the regular iavtaian in Jaa-
nur.ormswn ienaii'eras practca'e;
in tbe 6;!e titinxe wncc in two rears,
and in the National Grange once in three
vears. All electhms Jo be ur tnlni
Vacwncies by deaab or resisaiisinn tn l
fl3ed at a special e.-t ko ml the. xuert
reciiiar meet nix thereof omeers o cbo-
scii toserve nntn toe atinnal rueetinsr.
Sec 2. The Master of the National
G ranee may appoint nx-mlx-rs of tbettr
dr as deputies tonreaajxe granges where
no sate Uram cshia. ;
Set- - i lere snail e an Exeratlvo
Comaiittee ot the National Granite, mn.
r-nB of Ave members, whose term of
otrx-e snau oe uirsse yenrs. f ?.
irBC. a. i ne oraeers or tbe respect rre
granges soaii oe natmasea as "M ortiiy."
Pbctkcv 1. Sahordlualc ' Granges shall
meet at least once each mooih, mad may
Snow, sleet and heavy rains chronicled
thiouirbout New York and Northern
Pennsylvania, the first of tlie week.
The wife of the editor of the X. T.
Etxtrto'l'tt, Mrs. Henry M. Field, died last
bat unlay evening.
A Chieaao special says tbe President
will at onue issue M rinjrerit orders to pre
vent new expeditions from eutering tne
rsiacK ii n.s. ,
A St. Johns. N. F dispatch says the
bodies of over fortj- pervins who died
1 nere tit is winter nave oeen temporarily
interred in tbe snow, which lies in such
quantities as to prevent the opening of
Says a London telejeram of the 8h. many
women and children were drowned by tho
wreck of the ste&inshVD OnUnbura in Bass
srair. between Australia and Van
l'iemen s l-al. :
On t lie n Urht of t he 7th t here was another
Jai! delivery at Salt Lake City. The par
lies were: jotin iitwjitan, uwa:;e'i ior
as-ault to kill; ieo. Ijcwis, (rambling:
Cltas. Williamson and John Smith, sleai
fnie from n defid man; diss. Buckley,
assault to kill. T- K. Klcts. indicte-l for
mnrderand polyaamy, and W. H. Inuue,
fnaicted lor connect on wuutne Mountain
Meadow muwiTr. n' Slmfcr. under
sentence ot death lor tnnrder, refused to
leave. - : " " '.
FINAMCE AND COrJMERCL
. o!d i Xea- York 1151. ,
Ja-a tellers W'Sssaa-
Flour, f 1.1 2y sack.
Oits 40 cent.
Kntrer 24rs37c as to quality.
E 15 lit. i . V
Potatoes J 1 61 25 f bnshel. -
Aille. green, retailingJrofii 6toKS
at 62 j'e per Ur.
Cliickeits. 2 5033 f sVwsenr
Bams 13 'c ; hooklers 9c; tlOea
lie V lb.
Lanl, in 1C& carta, f I 25; in bait,
White bean 4c f ft. -
Onions scarce notninal! J $1 50 per
bobel from store.
Beet, ou foot. 4c ; pork, 5c ; mut
toii sheep, per head. $3.
Sau Frata-i-n qnotations give:
Wheat. 1 5531 60 100 lbs;
ilotir. extra. 55 25 ; oats, $1 75S
1 80; potatoes, fl 75sl 85.
3. D. TITffi.
J. B. TITUS
, AT JOH5 OAXTEK'g OLD STAJtP.
First street ALBANY. OKEOOJi
Far Prfftrlnje tkr Blood.
of the vegetable
ttilllinxia and i
t k Iodides o 1 1
I ron makes
molt effectual !
cure of a series
of com plaints
which are very
nrevktent and af
flicting. It purities the b'.owl, nurstesout
the lurfclnz humors In the system, that
undermine health i'i '!- into t rii.,rt
some dhordeis. Eru.t!on of t lie stt In
are tbe appeorance cm t he surface of hu
mors that shonl.l be espeiled frowi the
blood. Interns! t?ra!ss-i-s si
termination if Thusamehirmc-rstosOBue
tnlema.1 orxan, or oritns. r.ose ncijon
th...- i-mrM and whose snhstame 1 hey i
cX-Ju and destroy. AVran eiAiA
saii e.rpls these humors from the
blood. WT-.-J1 Ibev ar:Kone, t oe utwor ters
they produea disppear. OUy.ro.
J&vpUona anil Erupttre iJtmXfe t-f .
r.- i . HtfrJn. Bntl. Tumm.
Tar 'ti"l &i!t 3i tint, Iv-nlft H , i
worm, V'rTn-t &n. rTat rn;
moia, fa'n in the Jtn. 8- "ff H an. ,
Jf iwi -n u, H rVettf Xvntjrrtmt
arxing from iniermrtt n'e-ratx and ,
6wnl IMaBf. Van their depart
w v awm Issfll.
wwi t Amlvtical Chembus.
tSTold by ail LtTttggtsts and Healers ,
in Men lei ne. i. ---
PlAWFtl HAEJCI ,
A FTHT CLASS CEICKEEtSG PIA Jf O.
J"V aiiuost new. Is oifered tor sale M
Tiitlll.Lr 1W nfil KES. For rnrue
n : n ..i . .it MHMnce Of MB.
JiMm mUMBMM. corner at First and Eus-
worux suweto, Aihaajr, uregon.
f IlatlPa Teetale Meiltan
HAIR HEX EWE Tt I
This standard article Sa compondded '
It etr-s are ss wonderful and saUsfeo
torraserer. . --i-' L'
It restore gray or faded hair to ltsyoath
fhl color. " ,
it wmmnxsn nH mmtlons. Itch In sr ana
dsndmtf ; and tbe scatp by its use becouHM
while ana dean. - -
Rv Its tnnie nronertiesi B restores tbe i
eaplilary elands to their no, mal lor.pne
ventins; faaMnewsand making tbe hair
mmm t hL4 ud MratlK.
: As a dressimr nothing baa been found so
efifeetnai, or desirable. -
Ir. A. A. Hayes. tae As-syer of Varna
enuset. savs of It : -I consider I th-
preparation for its Intended purposes."
fas TUJB WOKf3S.