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About The Albany register. (Albany, Or.) 1868-18?? | View Entire Issue (March 12, 1875)
fin the year 179S, Gey the poet, in conjunction
with Pope and Swift, rnmnesad UOUd on Mies
Hut Moe?, which appeared U AKsts Journal Aug.
JW. The iroduction waa written in Tory droll vein,
which tickled the ear of the public and created a
great sensation at the tune. Miaa Mogg waa the
daughter ot an inkeeper at Worthinghaai, and waa
poaMHMed of remarkable beauty. In this drott eotn
cnsition the wita seemed to hare found almost every
rhyme that would match the name of their aersiae.)
Tbe schoolboy delirhte In a play-day,
The achoohnaeterw Jot is to flog,
Tbe milkmaid's delight hi la Msy-day, X
Bat mine ism sweet MoUyMcgg
WUl-o'-wiup lexli the traveler a-gadding
Thmngh ditch sad thtwaih qaagmire sad hog.
So light can e'er set me s-pedding
Bat the eyes of my sweet Molly Mogg.
For gtrinesa in otter men's breeches -
Yonr gamesters will palm sad wiH cog;
But I envy them none of their riches.
s Bo I palm my sweet Molly Mogg.
The hart than half woaaded in ranging.
It here and there leaps tike frog ;
It's so fixed on my sweet Molly Mogg.
I know that Vy wita Us reottt
That women at best are a. dog, :
Bat I m not so easily frightened ,
From loving my sweet Holly Mogg.
A letter when I' am inditing. . .
Comes Cnpid and gins me a Jog.
And 1 fill all my paper sad writing
Of nothing bat sweet Molly Mogg.
I f eel rm In lore to distraction.
My senses are lost In a fog,
And In nothing can find satlafactioa
But in thoughts of my wcctMolly Mogg.
If I would not give up the three Graces,
I wish I were hanged like dog.
And at court all the drawing-room faces.
For a glanee si my sweet Molly Mogg.
' For thorn faces want nature ead spirit, '
And seem as cut Wit of ft lag ;
June, Venus, sad Pallas' nam
Unite la my sweet Molly Mogg.
Were Virgil save with his Pbillia,
And writing another Eologue.
Both his Pbillia and fair Amaryllis
He'd give for my sweet Molly Mogg.
When she umilee on each guest like her liquor.
Then Jealousy seta me agog ;
Te be sure she's a bit for the vicar.
And so I shall lose Molly Mogg.
THE POWER OF SUPERSTITION.
A. California Bit etch.
ii. mi s . - -
I was fond of the soietioe of nhvsioc
nomy. From my youth up I was noted
or my proclivity lor reading the charac
ter of a man from his faoe; and I finally
became such an adept in the art that I
ould occasionally guess the very thoughts
vi uie individual wnose oountenanoe
Soon after the gold fever broke out I
came to California; and here, I must
eenfeas, among what else there was to
interest me. I had a errand onnortnnitv
lor exercising my skill upon all sorts of
xaces, seen under au sorts of circum
stances, from the highest triumph of suc
cess to the deepest despair of failure. I
-first tried my luck at digging gold my
self, but sodh tired of that, and believing
I could get money faster and with less
labor, I opened a kind of grocery and
provision store, and went regularly into
uie Business 01 trade, Paying most of my
articles at Sacramento, getting them
hauled to my quarters and disposing of
them at a fair advance to the miners and
My store, as I dignified my place of
trade, consisted of a rude skeleton of
poles, with a sufficiency of cheap muslin
drawn over them and pinned down to the
eartn, and was stocked only with the
most salable articles, of which flour, pork
and whisky found the most ready mar
ket, especially whisky. In the dry sea
son it was very dusty, and evervbodv
seemed to be dry with a thirst which
mere water would not quench. If a man
was successful he wanted whisky to bring
Vila Iuv4 U . 3 M 1 -
if unsuccessful, he wanted whisky to
bring his spirits up to the altitude of his
body; if it chanced to be a little cool, he
wanted whisky to warm him; if it was
very hot, he wanted whisky to cool him;
sl A warVliab-s ist wwm A
make him bright and active; he needed
wuiHH j as nignx to rest mm, and. make
him sleep well; he wanted it when he
bought, and when he sold: when he won.
and when he lost; when he stood up, and
when he sat down; in short, whisky was
the great regulator of all human feel
ingsthe genuine elixer vilco and con
sequently x did an immense business in
Now this, though somewhat irrelevant,
brings me to my story.
My store being the headquarters of
vthat locality for whisky and provisions,
-A was brougnt in contact with- nearlv
every specimen of the genu homo that
ventured in that region ; and such an
other conglomeration of white, black and
red sucn anotner mixture of gentlemen,
laborers, mountaineers, gamblers, thieves
and assassins it would be hard to find
outside the limits of California. Of
oourse I had a chanee to study all sorts
of faces to my heart's content, but hav-
Hie art, an ordinary oountenanoe, or a
man governed by ordinary passions,
whether gentle or brutish, did not inter
est me. I wanted to get hold of what is
termed a character,, or one whose ex
ternal would give no indication of his
internal to any but a connoisseur; or
one that would really puazle you to tell
what to think of him. '
Among the many, such I at length
found. At first I did not ntice him
did not think of him. At a casual glance
cnere was notning to disiinguuui htm
rtrom the herd. He came in quietly, un-
obtrusrvelw, purohaaed a quantitv of
ffltror, pork and tea, paid for the same in
gold dust, and went out about his busi
ness. He repeated his visits at different
-intervals, perkaps some half a dozen
times, before he attracted . my attention
rto anything peculiar in his appearance,
-and then I should have been at a loss to
i say what I saw more in bim at last than
He was apparently about twenty-five
Tears of age, of medium height and
slender figure, of a dark complexion,
regular features, with dark, straight hair,
dark eyes, and a beard that covered the
lower part of his facejn all of which
there was nothing remarkable nothing
fstriking. He was quiet not talkative;
had nothing to say except about the
'business he c&meon,got what he wanted
when I was disengaged, paid for what he
.got- like a gentleman, and generally
retired with an ordinary '' Good-dav, or
-some similar civility. And yet, as i have
said, he began to attract my attention at
.last, and I began to wonder why. Waa
ft because he was so quiet, reserved and
f gentlemanly, ; and .. did, not purchase
-whisky like the rest and oocasionally get
excited and boisterous f At all events,
he had begun to interest me in some
way; and the very -faot, perhaps, that I
, 1 .1 A11 1 .3
oioser scrutiny, a - deeper etody of the
xnan. ; ;i' f: s ,.-..- " .-'
After tins I prolonged bis visits as
much as I could without causing him to
-suspect . did .,. so- intentionally. , The
things he wanted I generally had some
trouble in getting, and filled up the in
terval by remarks about the. weather, the
country, the mines, the success of some
and the failure of others in a word,
anything I could think of to induce con
versation, watching him furtively all the
while. He answered easily and readilT.
and yet with that peculiar land of reserve
that was not suggestive , of v, tending
-toward familiarity, i,; His replies, how
ver, evinced a man of mind and eduoa-
fcinn arwl T Iviiran -v mm 1. lit. m
. I -r" mil wwui iur
selfish dreamer, if I may use a Daradox-
,wl t, V. L T
we?. um un expresses my idea.
One dav. I gonmnW
touched upon the sreneral miDPrHtinn.
of mankind, and, to my surprise, 1 8aw
that lift wut intav-AaTAl TT . i
. - uu ojD uiianirea
expression, and brightened, and emitted
, wwgo auu peculiar gleam; and my
attention being thus directed to hia eve.
uuukus we was a nad never
seen one exactly like it one capable of
being so apparently open down to the
soul 'while concealing ao much. It was
off its fraard now: the dnnr was
open to the soul the man; and I looked
an rv K o. .l M . , .
37 TlT , aPowx& anct aw
that the soul of that man waa a dark
ww- a uameieas lear caitia mar
like an electric ahnnlr- TkU Bn I
shudder of dread. No wonder I had not
been able to read him before; the man
had been vmrinoi n imnuhM. 1,
' O - MMJMOWWIO llliWlft.
T ln .1 4-1. l C 1 1
uou a.aj oi uie mystery, and to
mm. anil T tioI u. tt l a
. , juo woo lubertvect
in Buperstitdans he was superstitious
Mom.. , ut i AToou men may oe super
stitions: btul TrtfiTi alnn V..cn
J " v , tAnxtuoo
they carry a hell of wild fancies within
them. Thus it was with this man, as I
could see by his eye, and I made his
fanOV work urtnn rum T Un.
ries of sorcery, of witchcraft and magic,
w Kuutus, iiooKODiins and devils tall he
becamn vtuln wrifV
oompreesed lips and trembled, in epite of
O va aa V V KXaVAy (Uv OVAX1C7
times superstitious, why, you ask, did I
thlrilr tilt ft man mnnvafitiraid Alan 9
, ..'A.KV.WMSU0 I
den tally thrown him off ; his guard and
refl1 Vim onnl anil uwvmillv Kwmnui ii
was not naturally nervous and credulous.
Fear could only arise from the self-oon-
1 1 1 1 . l r 1 t T 1
wm?u uiuwioun ui a past wiuKeu txeecu
ninn maa V l.li whu a primiiiai,
But let me hasten along to the denoue
It chanced tliat no other person was
present when this conversation occurred
about tile superstitious fancies ef men,
and as soon as we were ; interrupted by
the entrance of another customer my
dark visitor left somewhat abruptly.
After that he did not come so often as he
did before, and never renewed the con
versation that had so agitated him, and
never, in fact, entered into any other
that he could possibly avoid. I kept my
thoughts to myself, but made some cas
ual inquiries about him, and learned
that he had been so fortunate as to se
cure a capital " lead," from which, with
his partner, another young man, he was
taking out gold in quantities that prom
ised to enrich bth; and that both had
the good-will and esteem of all who
One dark night, about three or four
weeks after this, I was startled from
my sleep by wild, prolonged shrieks,
and cries of " Murder ! murder ! help !
help I" ,
I jumped, seized mv revolver. an.l
darted out into the open air. The cries
and screams' still continued, corning
from a bend of the river about a hun
dred rods below. In a minute I was
joined by five others, all well armed, and
together we ran as hard as we could to
the place from which the alarm proceed
ed. When we arrived there at least
thirty men were collected in and around
the tent of the dark man I have been
desoribinsr, and he it was who had oHven
the alarm. His partner and companion
nau Deen murdered and robbed, and he
himself had been sliehtlv cut acroan
the faoe and gashed on the left arm, and
he was all excitement, lamenting his
dearest friend, and vowing vengeance
against the assassin. It was some time
before we could tret at the parti cnlarR.
and we then learned that both had been
sleeping side by side, when an unknown
robber had crawled under the light can
vas, stabbed one to the heart, and taken
a large bag of gold from under his head.
With this he was escaping when the
present narrator awoke and seized him,
and received the wounds which had
compelled him to relinquish his hold
Ijights were brouerht. and there, sure
enough, was the bloody confirmation of
au tnat naa been related.
I shall make no attempt to portrav the
intense excitement, the wild rage and
consternation which this daring murder
occasioned. Hivery man felt that, if the
assassin escaped without his just pun
ishment, there -would no longer be se-
cuniy ior any one in our hitherto quiet
and peaceful valley, and solemn oaths
were taken to hanp- the wretch, if found.
upon the nearest tree.
A large reward was offered for his de
tection, and every gambler that had ever
been seen about there was more or less
suspected, and I believe that, had any
man been arrested on the following day,
he would have been hung first and tried
afterward. I said less than any, for I
had my own suspicions, and I contrived
my plot in secret, and made a confidant
of no one.
The murderer! Vrrnno man Tvna oa
- rf r .j-- - "
cently buried as surrounding circum-
bmjuoct) wuuia permit, and ms compan
ion, my superstitious friend, grew more
moodv with srief. and refused tn wnrlr
his "lead" anv more, and nrrmrwfvl
selling off his rock and tools, and qui t
tiriflr the oonntrv altocethar. T t hfnV Im
would have gone at once, only that I
told him it would not look well to leave
without an effort to discover; the mur
derer, as Soma tjaodIm mirrrtf. ' Kn mali
cious enoncrh to saw he lrnAw nran Attune?
of the matter, and ss get hi into trouble.
lie turned very pale, and declared he
would stow a vnir if Via thmiirht Vw tnat
-means he could discover the assassin of
his dear, dear friend.
On the second afternoon following the
tracedv- almost evarv inrliwidnn.1 in trio
vicinity, the friend of the murdered man
among the rest, assembled at my store at
- L ' , 1 , 1 I t t .
my particular request, x nad loid tnem
I had something to communicate concern-
incr ill a frm! rlwd. atiiV T tVirmo-ht it nn
unlikely I should give them some clue to
When nil had coHaHmtI. nn1 wnnoul
themselves as I had directed, in a umi.
circle before my door eager, expectant,
excised J. came forward, holding in my
hand an egg. Then I made them a short
sneAch rm the BnriArittitiona nf nunlriml
which I contended had their origin in
uiTNcmras uuna revealed iroin the Other
world by God's good providence for the
nrotectirm of thaJnTtomnt nnrl th nn.
ishment of the guilty, and among ' other
uiuigs, x menoonea now tne - ghosts of
their victims would often haunt their
mnrrlATAra. . nrtmnjtlKni, tliAm " l
their Crimea how land and sea had been
snown to give up their awful secrets
and how it had been asserted that if the
CUiltV Wretch Vinilld nlnAA nia honla
upon the body of the man he had secretly
Buun, uiey wouia nieea airesn.
C A , -m ..
-- ojxix now, genuemen, oontmned,
I hold in mv hands, as nm a. fAnt
any I have named This simple egg, so
fair to the view, contains the murderer's
secret. Let him but take it in his hand.
a An. M "w WW a a .
anu tne rrau sneu wiu crumble to pieces
and show to all that it is filled with the
blood of the victim, ou'will excuse
me, gentlemen, for putting you all to the
test. We do not know , aanh nfhtnm
secrets the murderer of the young man
wo muuxi yeau)roay may oe. among us ;
but onlv the auiltv need fftar the fn'al
ue innocent will surely pass the ordeal
As I Buid this. I fixed
the dark visitor, my suspected man ; I
never saw a more wretched and ehnstlv
countenance, nor a greater struggle in
aujr living Deing to Keep a calm and un
. The egg began its round : Some took
it gravely, some lightly, some turned
slightly pale, and some laughed outright.
But on it went, and came : nearer and
nearer to the man for whom it was in
tended I could see that he was trem
bling that his very lips were getting
"It's your turn now!" I said at length,
in a cold, stern tone. i
" Mine I" he answered, with a ghastly
attempt at a smile. "Why why
should I I take it ? Poor Wilson was
my my friend" 1
" Let him prove so now !" I said
" All eyes are upon you. j Take the or
deal sent by heaven, and prove your in
nocence if you can." j
He glanced hurriedly around All
eyes were indeed upon him, and with a
look of awakened suspicion he made one
desperate effort to be calm then seized
the fatal egg with trembling hands.
The next moment it was crushed to
atoms, and his hands were wet and stained
as if with human gore. j
A wild yell burst from the crowd.
A despairing shriek came from the lips
of the guilty wretch ; and falling, rather
than sinking down upon 'his knees, he
" God of mercy, forgive me ! I did
fcOl him ! I did kill him!) for his gold !
his gold ! Oh, cursed gold ! Oh, God of
neaven, forgive me ! j-
" And how many before him ? " de
manded L 1
"Three! three! Oh, God of mercy
forgive me ! "
There was another wild 'yell, or rather
howl of fury a rush like wolves on their
prey and the poor wretch was seized,
almost torn limb from limb, and dragged
iunousiy away. j
In less than ten minutes from his con
f ession he was dangling from a neighbor
inflr tree, swmcinc bv the nvV
So died the murderer j whose name I
have suppressed, because he had respect
able friends, who are still; living.
I will only add, that; believing him
guilty, I had previously prepared the egg,
putting red coloring matter in it, expect
ing to see him crush it through his su
perstitious fears of a supernatural dis
covery. They promised me a reward for
the detection of the murderer but this
I declined. Justice was all I had
sought, and this I had obtained.
Wanted to Make Sure of It This Time.
Yesterday a tall and masculine-appearing
female, who clung to a diminutive
looking specimen of a I man whom she
called husband, entered a Griswold street
life insurance office and requested to see
the insurance num. The agent ushered
me coupie into a reception room and
asked them to be seated In a few
minutes the woman opened the conver
sation with : " Mr. Insurance man, I'll
tell you my business here. You see that
man there," pointing to the pigmy who
was quietly seated at her side; "well,
he's my husband my! third husband,
and I want to insure his life for three
thousand dollars." The smiling agent,
with an eye to business, rubbed his
hands complacently and politely re
quested the little husband to go with him
to the office of the company's examining
physician, a short distance up the street.
After the Liliputian had been rigidly
examined the doctor wrote out a certifi
cate as to his possessing the necessary
qualifications which entitled him to a life
insurance, when the two returned to the
insurance office, where the Amazonian
female was impatiently awaiting them.
A clerk having drawn inp the necessary
papers she took out a roll of bills and
paid the first installment on the policy,
which document she folded carefully to
gether and hid in the depths of her skirt
pocket. On taking their departure the
prudent wife turned to the insurance
agent and thanking him for his prompt
ness in making out the policy remarked
that " she wasn't goiag to be fooled this
time." The agent politely asked for an
explanation of this strange remark, where
upon she replied that her first husband
had died on her hands before she knew
of the existence of i such an organization
as a life insurance 'company ; her second
husband was blown lup on a steamboat
after they had been married a week, and
before nhe nonld cut a nnliov m.ila
and now that she married Joseph that
very morning sue wasn t going to
run another mi eh tirV hVia fKoi-ofni.0
concluded to have things fixed up at
once. - mow, josepn dear," said the af
fectionate wife as she hustled her spouse
down the ntonn Hten laftrlinrr yv tno mi
walk, "you and mei can spend a honey
moon just like two loving turtle doves."
r.j - . , r
xyeiron r ret: jrrew.
Jewel Robberies. '
M. Jehan Valter, a French journalist,
relates, apropos of ( the robbery of the
Dndlev diamonds. r: Severn MiMvlntaa
about jewel robberies. He tells how a
speculator presented a report to the Di
rectory making out that the celebrated
church of Loretta contn.inA1 1 n nnrt ruvt
- VVJV., VUV
worth in diamonds, etc Barras and Oar-
not informed .Bonaparte, of the fact, but
the young General refused to march on
the place because he won 11 nawo fe op
pose a corpse of 10,000, and would prob-
.1.1 XL J il. J I , ...
uif uuu uuuiuig wnen no got there. In
time he did manage to seize on the
church, and found that all the diamonds
had been replaced by glass. M. Valter
also tells how the mother of the late
French Fmrvmr tViA rViiu TTnv4-nnnn
when she was leaving France after the in-
: 1 11 ,1 ,
anion, uj me aiues, was stopped on the
high road by the Marquis de Maubreuil,
who searched her carriage, and took away
20,000 worth of diamonds, which have
never since been heard of. This story is
all the more remarkable as there was a
creat fnaa mstAa armnt fnia Afa...;.
aubreuu toward the. close of the Second
-r-mpire. . lie nad a lawsuit with his wife,
and an outcry was raised against the Mar
auis oontinurn 0- a memlwr nf t.ha Tn'm
of Honor. It then-came out that he waa
one of the royalists who had aided the
PrnHfll'ana tst Ymll jsvnm 4Va a4-n4.A ' -XT-
poleon from the top of the column of Ven-
had tied an order of the Legion of Honor
tn frlA foul nf Viih ttrwaA .mA Zi.
the mud Yet toward the end of the reign
of the Third Napoleon he wore the red
ribbon and was in receipt of a govern
ment pension, i 1 i
Cure for Chilblains.
An " Old Soldier " writes to the In
dianapolis Journal . Better than every-
plied, and a sure cure, is to soak the
irossenieei m Btrong, warm lime-water.
We soldiers used to mix it nearly to the
OOnsistenOV Of whitA-wnutn ' Tt will
the itching in five minutes, and will per-
.......v.ai j vwo au atwW nupuuHyuoB, . uei
w stew njiuaiu ui onmi.iiie aeaa ssinwul
freely rub ofL - Apply every eTening tm-
WUk VUIV JLcl VM(
TEEATMEST OF THE DROWNED.
Two Things to Be Done s Restore Breath
ingri Restore Animal Heat.
We give publication to the following
method and rules, devised and prepared
by the Committee on Accidents, etc,
being a modification of rules furnished
by Dr. Beech, of Coldwater, Mich., and
of those published by the Life Saving
Society of New York, which have been
adopted and printed by the State1 Board
of Health of Michigan:
Buns 1. Bemove all obstructions to
breathing. Instantly loosen or cut apart
all neck and waist bands; turn the patient
on his face, with his head down hill;
stand astride the hips with your face
toward his head, and,, locking your fin
gers together under his belly, raise the
body as high as you can without lifting
the forehead off the ground, and give the
body a smart jerk to remove the mucus
from the throat and water from the wind
pipe; hold the body suspended long
enough to slowly count one, two, three,
ropB, five, repeating the jerk more
gently two or three times.
, Bens 2. Place the patient on the
ground, face downward, and maintaining
all the while your position astride the
body, grasp the points of the shoulder
by the clothing, or, if the body is naked,
thrust your fingers, into the armpits,
clasping your thumbs over the points of
the shoulders, and raise the chest as high
as you can without lifting the head quite
off the ground, and hold it long enough
to slowly count one, two, three. Re-
Elace him on the ground, with his f ore
ead on his flexed arm, the neek straight
ened out, and the mouth and nose free.
Place your elbows against your knees
and your hands upon the sides of his
chest over the lower ribs and press down
ward and inward with increasing force
long enough to slowly count one, two.
Then suddenly let go, grasp the shoul
ders as before and raise the chest; then
press upon the ribs, etc. These alternate
movements should be repeated ten to fif
teen times a minute for an hour at least,
unless breathing is restored sooner. Use
the same regularity as in natural breath
ing. BuxiE 3. After breathing has com
menced, restore the animal heat. Wrap
him in warm blankets, apply bottles of
hot water, hot bricks, or anything to re
store heat. Warm the head nearly as
fast as the body, lest convulsions come
on. Rubbing the body with, warm cloths
or the hand, and slapping the fleshy
parts may assist to restore warmth, and
the breathing also. If the patient can
surely swallow, give hot coffee, tea, milk
or a little hot sling. Give spirits spar
ingly, lest they produce depression.
Place the patient in a warm bed, and
give him plenty of fresh air ; keep him
Beware! Avoid delay. A moment
may turn the scale for life or death. Dry
ground shelter, warmth, stimulants, etc.,
at this moment are nothing artificial
breathing is everything is the one remedy-
all others are secondary.
Do not stop to remove wet clothing.
Precious time is wasted, and the patient
may be fatally chilled by exposure of the
naked body, even in summer. Give all
your attention and effort to restore
breathing by forcing air into, and out of,
the lungs. If the breathing has just
ceased, a smart slap on the face, or a
vigorous twist of the hair will sometimes
start it again, and may be tried incident
ally. Before natural breathing is fully re
stored, do not let the patient lie on his
back unless some person holds the tongue
forward The tongue by falling back
may close the windpipe, and cause fatal
Prevent friends from crowding around
the patient and excluding fresh air ; also
from trying to give stimulants before the
patient can swallow. The first causes
suffocation ; the second fatal choking.
Do not give up too soon. You are
working for life. Any time within two
hours you may be on the very threshold
of success without there being any sign
In suffocation by smoke or any poison
ous gas, as also by hanging proceed the
same way as for drowning, omitting
effort to expel water, etc., from wind
pipe. In suspended breathing from effects
of chloroform, hydrate of chloral, etc.,
proceed by Rule 2, taking especial pains
to keep the head very low, and prevent
closure of the windpipe by the tongue
falling back. .
An extraordinary cure, by the applica
tion of the snake-stone, of a Tamil
woman who was bitten in the right foot
by the terrible tic' polonga of Ceylon,
India, is mentioned by Mr. J. Mulvaney,
Staff Surgeon, R. N. The woman was
far advanced in pregnancy, and in fifteen
minutes after being bitten was in convul
sions. In an hour and a half the native
doctor arrived and immediately applied
to the bite a snake-stone. Numbness of
her legs and part of her body had set in,
with loss of sight. The snake-stone ad
hered to the part for four hours, when it
dropped off and the woman began to re
turn to consciousness. The next day she
was delivered of a dead child, livid and
swollen. Ultimately she recovered The
snake, which was three feet eight inches
long, was captured and chloroform was
administered to it on lint saturated and
tied to -a stick, which it inhaled with
great gusto, following the movements of
the stick in every, direction. In an anaes
thetic condition, the fangs were exposed
and a lizard impaled on one of them,
which died in two hours. A chicken was
next treated in the same way, and died
in twenty seconds. The snake-stone has
a wide-spread reputation as an infallible
cure for bites of all the most venomous
snakes. 8ir Emerson Tenant and nu
merous otner authorities attest its efficacy,
which is doubtless attributable to its
absorptive power, derived from its cellu
lar structure. It is disk-shaped, black
and sinks in water. The late Farraday
found that it consisted of charred bone,
blood and coloring matter.
Changes In the Body.
When science discovered that the hu
man body underwent an entire change
during a period of seven years, it was
considered very remarkable, but Dr.
Lyon Playf air read a letter not long ago
before a British Social Science Congress,
wherein he declared that "all the par
ticles of the body changed every six
weeks." The same eminent authority
wisely declares that the substance of all
our sanitary . science, accumulated by
ages, might be summed up in the preg
nant ad vice of the prophet, " Wash and
be clean." This learned physician says
that for a thousand years after the civili
zation of the Egyptians, the Jews, the
Greeks and the Romans faded, there
was not a man or woman in Europe that
ever took a bath. To this fact he at
tributes, in a large measure, the wondrous
epidemics of the middle ages, which cut
off one-fourth of the population of Eu
ropethe spotted plague, the black
death, the sweating sickness, and- the
terrible mental epidemics which followed
in their train the dancing mania, the
mewing mania, the biting mania, and
The Senate Committee on Patents has
been wrestling for two years with the
?tUenf Patent of T
B. Wilson, of the "four-motion feed"
for sewing machines. The original
wimT , u td be the most valua
TfeBimnopl7 of the. kind in existence
It should never have been renewed Had
it expired with the original letters pat-
hnn,W,mTeatr' would fc" been
abundantly compensated for his idea. ...
It is estimated that the actual cost of
frL'Ttf86? machine, notcount
mgroyalties," w about $12, while the
realties on the best machines aggregate
3u. -tour companies form the mo
nopoly, namely, the Howe, the Wheeler
& Wilson, the Singer, and the Willoox &
Gibbs. The backbone of this combina
taon has been broken. . Within two or
three years other important franchises
will expire. Not one of them should be
renewed Sewing machines are now al
most as common as washtubs. No fami
ly hardly is without one. The" very
poorest and the very richest alone dis
pense with this labor-saver. ,
The extension of patents is a much
more serious matter than the people seem
to realize. It is surely vastly more so than
could have been anticipated at the time
the patent system of the United States
was adopted Every branch of industry
now pays tribute to inventive genius,
and especial care is needed to prevent
excessive exaction. A few years ago one
might examine all the implements in use
upon a farm, indoors and out, and not
find a single patented article. At the
present time they are to be found by the
dozens. The Prairie Farmer esti
mates, in a careful and timely discussion
of the patent system, that the indirect
taxation of agricultural industry through
the Patent Office is largely in excess of
the entire taxation of the farmers for the
support of local, State and national gov
ernment, including tariff. This is no
exaggeration. Neither is the Washing
ton telegram an exaggeration which
states, in speaking of the Wilson patent,
" a monopoly of I this feed-motion for
seven years more would be worth from
810,000,000 to 30,000,000 to the owner,
and would cost the people four times as
The extension 1 would have been se
cured could money have done it. We
need not despair of the republic. It is
by no means true that " every man has his
price," and hereafter every click of the
sewing machine wiH be a protest against
that wholesale slander. The disgrace of
such men as Schumaker and King is off
set by the honorable record of such men
as compose the! Senate Committee on
Patents. Chicago Journal.
Over a Precipice.
Mr. Joseph McKee, proprietor of the
American House, on First avenue, this
city (says the Pittsburgh Commercial of
Jan. 29), gave a party last night at his
residence on Mt. Washington, between
that borough and Temperanceville. A
party consisting of Miss Kline, James and
William Kline, . a young man named
Mclntyre, and another person, whose
name could not be obtained by the re
porter, started to the party. They went
up to Mt. Washington on the Incline
Plane Railway, and there got into a car
riage belonging to Jackson's livery
stable, in charge of a driver named Duffy.
The carriage started for the residence of
Mr. McKee, and after traversing the
road along the edge of the precipice
down in the direction of Temperanceville,
it became so dark that the driver became
alarmed for the safety of his passengers.
He stopped the carriage, and at his re
quest Mclntyre mounted the box,
while Duffy with a latern walked on be
fore. They had only proceeded a short
distance when horses and carriage went
over the precipice, rolling over and over
for more than a hundred feet. The
frightened driver summoned assistance
and it was some time before rthe carriage
or its occupants could be found Wm.
Kline during the rapid descent of the
vehicle managed to kick open the door
and was thrown out. Strange to say he
was only slightly injured The others
also fell out at various points on their
perilous journey, and were, after a lone
search, found quite seriously injured J
juiss Mine was found among some rocks
on the hillside, and it was impossible to
reach her, and finally it became evident
to those present that she could only be
rescued by means of a rope.
This was procured, and by its aid the
young lady was enabled to reach the top
of the hill. She was found to have sus
tained quite serious internal injuries, to
gether with several cuts and bruises on
her head and body. James Kline re
ceived a deep cut on the head, and was
also injured internally. The other pas
sengers were more or less severely cut
and bruised : One of the horses was
found on the railway track, about 300
feet from the place at which the accident
occurred A passing train was compelled
to stop until his mangled body could be
removed The other horse and the car
riage had not been found at the time our
informant left the scene of the catastrophe,
about eleven o'clock last night. The
Klines reside on Sarah street, South
Side, l .
Those Oregon Girls.
The pretty French maiden who drives
a four-horse team at Sutter Creek, Cali
fornia, is not considered much of a phe
nomenon by the Oregon folks. A Port
land editor receives her story with this
comment : That French girl is a good
girL That We would not be so ungallant
as to dispute. But where is our Lane
county girl that put in eighty acres of
wheat, then took the district school and
walloped . all the big boys in the pre
cinct into decency and subjection ? Eh f
and when you are talking about girls
with pluck, just bear in mind that
Oregon can produce just about four
thousand, now married, to be sure, and
many of them grandmothers, each of
whom whacked an ox team from the
Missouri river to the WaDamette Valley ;
stood guard against savage Tnliann on
the plains, scaled three ranges of moun
tains, reached the promised land in
triumph to raise a family of thirteen
strapping boys and girls, and never laid
eyes on a store-made bonnet for fifteen
years. Don't- mention your California
gMsplease."- , ,
' Tbu' IR-k Aa A rViAvsrwrm A
found its way into the hive of one of our
t. 1 : ,,
lnfa-ndAT ssfl faring AanA . ,n1
imbedded in wax. The mouse, havina a
tot wiyvui VAC7rv JUAHU 1UTS IO Bteai
honey, but unfortunately aroused the
inmates- and before hn nonld Anl v.;-
way out again was stung to death. By
ouu uj . wwmwoiuuji pob . All, and OUX.
KonsRT bemui to dinHAminaiA a.
which bees cannot tolerate ; but finding
it impossible to hustle him over the ram-
n.fd aa f n AXl. M 1 1
"t . v vuKtt , utuayiuQ tney
went energetically to work and sealed
him up in wax hermetically sealed him,
in fact, so that not the slightest odor
escaped to make the hive unpleasant for
the high-toned, extremely neat and cleanly
inhabitants. Schoharie (2V. Y.) Repub
lican, j ..
Disgraceful Row in the Pennsylvania
House o Representatives.
A dispatch from Harrisburg gives the
following particulars of a disgraceful
scene in the lower house of the Penn-
Slvania Legislature : " Mr.- TaHey,
emocrat, of Delaware county, made a
motion to refer the petition of citizens of
Lancaster city contesting the seat of D.
P. Rosenmiller, a Republican, as mem
ber of the Legislature, to the Committee
on the Judiciary. The Republicans raised
the point of order that uie petition was
not properly before the House, that body
having not been legally organized when
the petition was originally introduced
Speaker Patterson ' decided against the
Republicans, when an appeal was taken,
and his decision was sustained by a large
majority. Wolfe, Republican, of Union
county, raised the further point of order
that it required two-thirds of those pres
ent to take up the petition under the
suspension of the rules. The Speaker
rendered an adverse decision and enter
tained a motion to adjourn. Wolfe
sprang to his feet and insisted that he
had a right to be heard on his point.
The Speaker declared him out of order,
as no appeal had been taken from his de
cision, and a motion to adjourn was not
debatable. Mr. Wolfe insisted that he
was not out of order, when the Speaker
commanded him to take his seat, and Wolfe
refusing to obey he called into requisition
the services of the 8er gean t-at-Arms, who
proceeded to execute the order of the
Chair. The Republicans hissed the pro
ceeding, and the Democrats applauded
it, Wolfe continuing yelling at the top of
his voice until the . Sergeant-at-Arms
seized him. The hall of the House pre
sented a scene of indescribable confusion,
and the Republican members rushed to
the defense of their colleague and
wrested him from the hands of the
Sergeant-at-Arms. In the midst of the
commotion the Speaker adjourned the
House. During the melee pistols were
drawn, and for a time it was feared that
blood would be shed"
Carious and Interesting.
Place a tobacco pipe in such a posi
tion, on the edge of the table, that if it
were left unsupported it would fall to
the ground A poker may now be sus
pended from the pipe, in such a manner
that the weight of the poker will be sus
tained by tile pipe. The looped string
on which the polfer hangs should be as
close as possible to the bowl of the pipe,
and the end of the poker must fall under
the edge of the table. The center of
gravity in this case is below the center of
suspension, and the pipe consequently
supports the poker. :
If a little thread be well soaked in a
strong solution of salt and water, and
then dried and tied to a ring, not much
larger than a wedding-ring, you may ap
ply the flame of a candle to the thread,
which will burn it to ashes, and yet it
will sustain the ring. The cohesion of
the fibrous particles of thread having
been destroyed by the action of the flame,
the ring is now suspended by the cohe
sion of the particles of salt.
Wrap a piece of clean writing paper
tightly about the cylindrical handle of
the poker, and the paper may be held
over the flame of a lamp or candle for
some time without being in the slightest
degree injured or burnt ; now wrap a
similar piece of paper around the cylin
der of wood, and hold it over the flame,
which will burn it almost immediately.
This experiment shows the difference be
tween the conducting powers of metal
and wood, the heat being conducted
away from the paper by the iron almost
as rapidly as communicated, whilst wood
being a bad conductor of heat, takes fire
Suspend a poker by two strings, and
insert the extremities of them into the
ears. A blow given to the poker will now
produce, through the medium of the
strings, a sound equal to that of a great
This shows that the vibrations given
to the metallic mass of the poker by the
blow are much more readily communi
cated to - the ear by the strings than
through the air. Thus, on the same
Erinciple, the boiling of a kettle, inandi
le in the air, may be distinctly heard,
even from the beginning, by resting o:.e
end of the poker on the vessel, and ap
plying the other to the ear. So also the
beating of a watch placed at one extremi
ty of a long beam of timber may be heard
through the timber at the other end of
the beam by a person who holds his eai
to the wood, although it is totally inaudi
ble in the air.
Place in a small glass bottle hot water
near the boiling point, colored a deep
carmine with cochineal ; place the same
at the bottom of a gloss jar of cold water.
Immediately the light hot colored water
in the phial will be displaced by the
heavier cold water in the jar, and will
ascend in beautiful crimson clouds to the
top of the jar;
Demand Greater than Supply.
Piatt Evans, a stuttering joker, lived
in Cincinnati as long ago as the time
when it was considered capital fun to
send a countryman to a store in
quiring for things he would be certain
not to find at the place to which he was
sent. One day a fellow came, as he had
been directed, to Piatt's store to buy a
jewsharp. Piatt was a merchant tailor.
He was busy with a customer as the man
appeared, but observing that several of
the " boys " had dropped in at the door,
just to see what Piatt would do, he
" took at onoe," and reponded to the in
quiry for the musical instrument,
" W-w-wait a minute." Having served
his customer, he picked up a pair of
glove-stretchers and approached the
rural melodist with, " L-l-let me m-meas-ure
your mouth," and, introducing the
stretchers, manipulated them so as to
transform the aperture into a horizontal
yawn awful to see, and capacious enough
to hold a dozen jewsharps. Removing
the apparatus, he examined it carefully
and deliberately, as one might scrutinize
a thermometer or pocket compass, and
then dismissed the unsuccessful searcher
for jewsharps, as he said, in s tone of
well-feigned disappointment, "W-w-we
haint g-g-got any yonr s-s-size I "
Bad for Massachusetts.
The report of the Massachusetts Board
of Education shows that 60,000 children
in that. State are growing up in ignorance.
That is, about one-fifth of the whole
number of children between 5 and 15.
This is a fearful exhibit in so populous
a section, where private instruction is so
easy of access, and where the public
schools provide amply for all. One
reason of the amount of ignorance in
Massachusetts is the demand made by
the factories on youthful labor, the
scantiness of labor in manufacturing
towns, and the necessity of all the mem
bers doing something for the support of
the family. The remedy for the evil, ac
cording to the Boston J'asf, lies in a
stringent factory act, and a law for com
pulsory education. The J'oxt considers
the present state pf affairs off the road to
true civilization. .
Batabd Tatmb has delivered eighty
three lectures this season, and has forty
four more to give. No wonder they are
WORK AND WORK.
A husbandman, who many Tears
Had plowed his fields and sown la tears.
Grew weary with his don Ms sad (ears.
" I toil in rain ! : These rocks and lands
WIU yield no harvest to my hands :
.The best seeds rot la barraa lands.
" My droop4ng Tine is withrlae; :
So promised grapes its blossoms bring
Mo birds amoaa its breaches sing.
" If y flock is dying oa the plain.
The hesv'nsar brass they yield no rain:
The earth is iron I toil in Taia.
Whlls yet ha spake a breath had stirred -His
drooping vine, like wine of bird,
And from its leaves a voice he heard !
" The germs and fruits of life mast be
Forever hid ia mystery ;
Yet aone oaa toil in vaia for me.
" A mightier hand, mors skilled thaa thine
Most hang the clusters on the vine.
And make the fields and harvest shine.
" Maa can bnt work ; God can create ;
But they who work, and watch, and wait.
Have their reward, though it eome late.
" Leok (rp to Hesven I Behold and hear
The olonds are thundering in thy ear
An answer to thy doubts and fear."
He looked, aad lo a cloud-eraped-ear,
With trailing smoke and flames afar,
Waa rushing from a distsat star.
And every thirsty flock and plain .
Was rushing up to meet the rain '
That came to clothe the field with grain.
Wit and Humor.
Grain elevator Rye whisky.
The first thing a boot-maker uses is the
A tknob has real teeth and a false-set-too.
MuasTKB of the interior A oountrjr
If thy enemy wrong thee, buy each of
his children a drum.
Thebb is nothincr morn dnrmwurinir fn
a thermometer than cold weather.
An African conundrum Why am in
toxicat'en like a wash-bowl ? 'Case it am
As soon as a young woman gets some
steady employment she -stops fainting
away at the sight of a mouse.
This man who went to sleep on a rail
road track found his rest was a good
deal broken and his leg too.
" I'm not much for shtump spakin',"
declared a candidate at Dubuque, " but
for honesty and capacity and integrity I
bate the divil so I do.
A story is going the rounds of a lady
who wears a bustle made of railroad
bonds. The husband of such a creat
ure certainly ought to be a pacific male.
"What'll you ask to warrant these
horses good ?" asked a buyer of a horse
dealer. " Oh, don't trouble yourself.
IH warrant them good for nothing," was
the reply. , -
It was a duet this time. Two servant
girls, at Cleveland, Ohio, kindled a fire
with a can of gasoline, and then passed
through glory's morning gate, just as
slick as could be.
Out in Wisconsin a horse kicked and
killed a book-agent, whereupon the citi
zens made a donation party fqr the horse,
and he now has oats enough to last him a
full horse lifetime. "
A Chicago man woke his wife the
other night, and, in a startled tone of
voice, informed her that he he had swal
lowed a dose of strychnine. " Well, you
fool," said she, " lie still, or it may
Pride takes an early start in San Fran
cisco. When a lad breaks loose from his
mother's apron-strings and secures a po
sition at $3 per week, the first thing he
oes after that is to hire a Chinaman to
run errands for him. '
The Milwaukee Sentinel says : " The
story tliat an English capitalist is nego
tiating for the purchase of the Milwau
kee elevator arose from, the gentleman's
dropping in at a restaurant and asking
for alf a dozen hoisters."
"Totj never saw such a happy lot of
people as we had here yesterday," said a
landlady in Indiana to a newly-arrived
guest ; " there were thirteen couples of
them." "What thirteen couples just
married!" "Oh, no, sir; thirteen
couples just divorced"
Ha gazed down from the window's height
Into the yard below!
. Where pensive clothes-lines wildly toss'd
Their shadows to and fro.
He pressed his face ssinHt the pans ; '
(It was the Chrwtmaa eve)
A moisture gathered on his noes
He wiped it with his sleeve.
An elderly couple, evidently from the
country, entered a Broadway drug store,
in New York. The lady, who seemed to
be the leader and manager, said " I will
take some lemon soda water." Then,
turning to her worser half, inquired :
"Hiram Elisha, what will-you have
yours seasoned with f " Hiram Elisha
responded thus : " I will take ginger in
mine ; is always does my corns good,
v An Ingenious Convict.
A convict in the Massachusetts State
Prison, the Boston Traveller says, Viy
wrought out, with a pocket-knife, a pair
of beautiful and highly-poushed ivory
hands. They are a little over an inch
long, and the fingers, nails, joints, and
all, are perfectly formed and in perfect
proportions. Between the thumb and
forefinger of each hand is held a tiny red
rose. The cuffs are fastened with sleeve
buttons, and above the cuffs in each is a
small piece of black ivory, representing
the dress on the arms. In these there
are golden rings or staples, so that they
may be worn as charms on a watch or as
ornaments for the ears. They were given
by the artist who wrought them to a fel
low prisoner, Who sold them for two dol
lars, to obtain the means to bind some
books and pamphlets which he had col
lected in his cell. When tld by the
chaplain that the State would furnish the
money for tliat purpose, he replied that
he did not wish to put the State to the
expense when he . could meet it in this
way himself. -. i i.
Rather CmeL ,
As a minister and a lawyer were ridinjr
together, said the minister to the lawyer
"Sir, do you ever make mistakes in
pleading f "I do." said the lawVe?
l'nd.,7rPAt ,y?a do i'h the idal
takes f inquired the minister. "Whv
sir, if large ones, I mend them ; if small
ones, I let them go," said the lawyer
"And pray, sir," continued he, " do you
ever make inistakea in preaching?"
" Yes, sir, I do." f Asd wkat do you do
with the mistakes!" Why, sir I d
P tte if the same manner you do
ones, and pass the
small ones. Not long since " continued
he, "as I was preaching, I meant to oK
serve that the Evil One was the father of
bars, but mado a mistake, and said the
father of lawyers. The mistake waa
small that I let i go." ""a40 80
Thebb are in the whole world ah
e with 100,000 inhabiSSte S
witii over 1,000,000 ; 12 with from 1 000
000 down to 500,000 ; 20 with t
800,000 to 400,000 ; S3 Vith from
000 to 800,000, and 90 with frS Si"
000 to 200,000. luy
(...'' i -