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About The Albany register. (Albany, Or.) 1868-18?? | View Entire Issue (Feb. 19, 1875)
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From Cincinnati, over the plain,
Keatward speeded the "press train,
Throuata tbesoleim midnight. nndr the lUn,
with Hi oaiweniiere enug to the aleptng-are.
And others elst-where, lew lucky than they.
auiving in ali-ep to P" tlrae wy . . . . ...
..On their straight-backed seats, aa beat they might ;
rwisted corn-rwie, bolt upright.
r tilted backward with reckless feet
, Aloft tin the back of a neighbor's aeat
1 Scarcely lifting a sleep-dulled eye .
Aa the tired conductor hurried by.
. Tickets !' he cries ; and hia haaty hand
Snatches the pasteboard from each hat-band,
Kastles and bustles, then elama the door.
And be and hia lantern vex na no mora.
Barren, prosaic age or steam,
i Making romance Dot an Idle dream !
We can but mourn, aa we dwelt in thee,
I For the vanished ages of chivalry.
Where, to-day, may we aeek to find
The hero's soul and the sage's mind T
Surely not here in this oommon-plac freight
This merchant, this drummer, that candidate ;
Not In tb is conductor, dapper and thin.
With his rings and bis gorgeous bosom-pin ;
Nor that stoker and engineer without.
Dully traversing the usual route.
Marrow and ft-ncr-d, not broad and free.
Are the forma of the life we round ua see.
To be sordid or weak is the common lot,
A Philistine era is this. I wot.
Is it true T No. The Father's love still
And shapes men's life through the poorest forma ;
Mow, as ever, tne mnnite L.3VO
On the waste of waters will breathe and move.
Its Power Creative, now aa then.
Broking from chaos a world again;
And here in this Cincinnati train.
Through the midnight sweeping across the plain,
I jet the Hour come and the tune of need,
And the man shall not fail for a hero's deed.
Right before us, across the night.
Suddenly flashes a aignai light.
Danueb : a bridge ia close at hand.
And the roadwaj and stream by its arches spanned.
A awitcn ntisptaceu i in a moment oreatn
Up looms before us ruin and death !
Down with the b.-akes ! haste, fireman, hare !
Back her! back her! good engineer I
Too near ! and the signal came too late.
We are here on the brink o4 the crushing fate ;
- Jump, then, conductor and engineer !
You can save your own lives, and life is dear. gXS
WeVa thsy daunted by Death in his awful glare T
Did they shrink f rem the post of duty there 7
No. Ujwo go the brakes, and tine engine reels
With the spin of the backward turning wheels.
Yet right through the wood-work crashing we go,fjj
Vain was the effort no, not in vain.
For rig it on the brink hanga the rescned train,
And the pasaengera aleep with tranquil breath,
- Unknowing they stand at the gates of death.;
Only the other train hands knew
All that was done by the gallant two.
They searched the ruins with eager stir
To find the fate of the rescuer.
Out from the wreck they bear them then.
Two charred and broken bodies of men 1
Brave hemes ! for you but these words are fit,
TfOO KRW TOUR DUTt TOO DIW FOB II.
"SOME ONE IX THE BOOS.
Elijah Croly, my husband, was owner
and captain of a coasting-vessel, doing
a trood trade : and we oooupied an old-
fas hiened and somewhat dreary house
at otepnev. naijau luted toe place
more isani am. ana it was en nis ao
count that we stayed there so long.
thought it could make very little differ
e recce to him where we lived, for he
was at home only two or three weeks
out of every ten. I was often alone
two months at a time. ; and lonely
-enough it was sometimes.
"Get some one whom you like to
stay with you, my dear," the captain
said, when I told him one day how un
pleasant x xeit to be alone so mucn.
" Get any one you please, and before
long I hope I shall be able to stay at
borne witn you myself.
" 1 took his advice, and after some
inquiry I found a woman who I thought
-would suit me. Her name was Emily
Sands, and she was a pleasant-faced
woman of about forty. She told me
-that she had been left a' widow, with no
means, and had since earned her living
by needle-work ; and although I had
intended that the woman who came
every morning to do my housework
should still come, I found Emily so
handy and so willing that I soon dis
continued the services -ef- the other.
She was so amiable and so vivacious,
that I was satisfied that I had done the
best that I could do in the matter.
" I hope so," he said, doubtfully.
And don't you think so ?" I asked.
-" Well, no," he replied.
Now, I'd like to know why,' Elijah.
Do you see anything wrong about
"I can't say that I do ; I presume it
is only a notion ; but I have in some
way conceived a kind of distrust of her
. face. I can't explain it. and you had
better not be prejudiced by it.
' You may be very sure I shall not,"
I rejoined, "if it has no xaore f ounda-
-tion than. this."
And this was all that was said be-
'tween us on the . subject. I was too
well acquainted with the captain's sud
den whims to attach much importance
to this one.
The captain remained at home this
-time barely two weeks. On the morn
ing that he left to take his vessel for
another trip, just after he had taken up
his hat to go, he called me into the
chamber, and shut the door.
" Here is something, Fanny," he said,
" that I want you to keep safely for me
- till I come back." And he took a paper
package from his breast-pocket as he
-- spoke. " There are ten fifty-pound
: notes in it five hundred pounds ia
alL I will lock it up here in this bureau-drawer,
and give you the key."
-..And he did so. "No one would think
- of co miner here for money."
" Do you think you had better leave
it here, Elijah?" A asked. "Why not
put it in the bank?
"I meant to; but I shall not have
- time. The money was only paid me
last night. But no matter, the money
will be safe where it is, and there will
;"beno danger about it ; or if you don't
think so. you may deposit it yourself..
My husband took little thought of
possibilities, and I presume that he
never once thought of money from the
i time he left t ha .house until he return--ed.
As for myself, I was not so easily
satisfied. I had heard enough of house
plundering and outrages of that kind
i to make me afraid to keep this large
amount with me. My uneasiness in
- creased as the day wore on ; and about
three o dock the aame aisernoon, x took
the money and went to the bank, de
- termined to deposit it. The bank was
closed ; all the .beaks 'were closed, for it
- was Saturday. "
I took toe package borne again, re
placed it in the bureau-drawer, locked
' it, placed the key in my pocket, and
. resolved that I would not worry any
more about it. EnaSy called me to tea
- in a little while, and though not hungry.
I went into the dining-room and sat
. vwith her while she drank her tea and
'laughed and chatted in her vivacious
WSThe evenings were rather long, and
vTCmiiv and I sat together in the dining-
room 'after the table was cleared, she
t read ins; aloud and I listening, as was
our custom. When the clock struck
- ten she laid down her book ; and I took
- my lamp, and bidding her good night,
.went up to my room. -
My ciiamoer oooupteu wuuw uuuv
f the second story, and Emily had a
mm noon tne same
1 bell-wire ran from my room to hers, so
4hat I could eunrmon er a p"""
I platwd the lamp upon the bureau,
ehaded it, and returned and looked the
door. Then I drew my easy chair to
Aho middle of the room, put on. my
slippers, and sat down for a few minutes
before retiring. And immediately I be
came vexed at myself to find that I was
looking at the drawer that held the
money, and that I was feeling in my
pocket to see that the key was safe. I
felt no alarm ; I had almost cured my
self of my uneasiness; but it seemed
as if that money, and the danger of its
custody, would obtrude upon me. In
tne impatience of the moment I turned
my chair half-round, and looked toward
the opposite wall. The shade that I
placed over the lamp confined its rays
within a small circle, beyond which the
Dea, tne iurnuure, tne carpet, and the
wall paper were obscure. In the corner,
to the right of the door, was an antinrm
high-backed chair, a favorite piece of
furniture.' As I turned my own chair
from the bureau, my eyes rested on this
object ; and I saw by the same glance
that a human figure was sitting in it !
x could not at nrst make out whether
it was a man or a woman ; I only be
came conscious, as I sat in bewildering,
dumb terror, that I was confronted by
aouaugci uiuDiii mull Bomi-aarKness
by some one who had hidden in the
room for some object ; and what that
object was I well knew. No person
who has never been placed in such a
terrifying situation as that can describe
the sickening feeling which for a mo
ment takes possession of the heart :
and I can only Bay for myself that I
sat motionless for a time I know not
how long thinking of my helpless sit
uation. There I was, locked up in a
room alone with a ruffian, waiting,
trembling, and expecting to hear him
speak, or to become the object of some
violence. For although, as I have said,
I could not distinguish whether it was
man or woman, 1 did not doubt that it
was the former, and one of the most
deperate of his kind. And presently,
as my eyes fell to the floor,' I saw a
great pair of boots thrust out upon the
carpet within the radius of the light.
I do not know how long we sat there
in the semi-darkness of the room, facing
each other, but motionless and silent ;
it might have been three minutes or
thirty. The thought of alarming Emily
suddenly occurred to me, and I reached
out for the bell-cord. It should have
been within easy reach of the spot
where I sat; but mj hand failed to
A low chuckle came from the occu
pant of the old chair.
" That was a clever thought of yon,
missus," came forth in a deep, rough
voice, and in a tone of easy insolence.
" Clever thought, marm ; but bless
your simple soul, do you think I was
a-going to leave that 'ere cord there for
you to make a noise with? Not by
any means, its well to be careful
when you're in this kind of business,
marm ; and so when you left me alone
here before dark I then being under
the bed, you see I crawled out and
took a survey of the place."
My strength was returning ; I became
reassured as I saw that the man intend
ed no violence to myself.
" What do you want ?" I asked.
He chuckled again, and replied,
" Now that's good ; you're a business
woman, marm ; you come right to the
point, without any nonsense. I'm go
ing to tell you what I want."
He rose from the chair as he spoke,
and crossed the room to the bureau,
passing so close to me that his boots
brushed the skirt of my dress. I shud
dered, and drew my chair back I could
not help betraying my fear.
"Be quiet, marm," he -said. "I
don't mean to hurt you, if I can help
it. Keep still, and I won't. Let's have
a look at each other."
He removed the shade, and looked at
me for full half a minute, as I sat in
the glare of the lamp. Ha was a large,
brawny fellow, full six feet high, and
dressed in an old suit of fustian clothes.
His face was entirely concealed by a
crape mask ; not a feature of it could I
see, from his neck to the crown of his
head. He leaned one arm upon the
bureau, and regarded me attentively.
" You don't know me," he remarked,
in an ordinary tone. "No, of course
not ; it's best for you that you shouldn't.
I thought at first there was something
familiar in your face ; but I fancy I
was mistaken. Well, to business,
marm." And he assumed a sharp tone,
and looked carefully at the bureau.
" I've got a pistol here, missus " and
he slapped his pocket ; " but you're
too sensible a woman, I take it, to make
me use it on you. I want that money.
There's, five hundred pound of it in
this drawer ; you have the key give it
I handed it to him without a word.
" I'll leave you now in a minute, mis
sus, he said, rapidly inserting tne Key,
turning it, and opening the drawer,
" with many thanks for your good be
havior. Is this it ?"
He took out the package, and held it
uP- . . .....
" That is the money, X said.
"She might deceive me, after all,"
I heard him mutter ; and thrusting his
forefinger into the end of the envelope,
he ripped it open, and pulled tne end
of the notes ont into sight! "Yes,
here it is. Now "
He had thrust the package in his
pocket, and was about to close the
drawer, when his eye was caught by
something within it. He started, thrust
his hand into the drawer, and, taking
out an object that I was well acquainted
with, he bent over and sorutized it,
holding it closer to the lamp. How I
did wish that I could see the expression
of his face at that moment ! He held in
his hand an ivory miniature of my hus
band's face, a faithful picture, made by
an artist years before, at my request.
. " Whose face is this 7" the robber
demanded, in a voice that trembled with
" My husband's," I replied. -"Your
husband's? Yes, yes but hi
" Captain Croly t" he demanded, in
the same tone.
f same who commanded the
barque Calvert, that used to run out of
I nodded my head. : I knew that the
vessel named was the last one that my
husband had sailed on tne ocean Deiore
he bought his own coaster ; in fact, it
was the same in which I came to Eng
land, 1 .. " - - -
" And this is Captain Croly's money?
this is his house ? you are his wife ?"
he asked, rapidly, giving me no time to
answer his questions. " Yes, yes I
seeitalL Great God ! to think what I
was about to do I"
He dropped into the nearest chair,
arroarentlr faint with emotion : but
while I sat in deep surprise at the un
expected tarn that this affair had taken,
ke said, " Yen have no reason to fear
BOW ; X Will not zoo you , -
harm you. Only don't make a noise.
TMafLflA nrwn the door; and you will find
Jane your woman, I mean waiting ia
the passage. . , . ,
t J. T did not know what else
to do. I unlocked and opened the door :
. s mv aattoriuhment. stood
Kmily Sands arrayed in her bonnet and
shawl, with a bundle in her hand
waiting, I have no doubt, for a signal
from within. She started upon seeing
me ; but the man immediately called to
her by the name of Jane, telling her to
come in. I
She passed by me as she did so ; and
I whispered, "Oh, Emily, how could
you betray me ?" ,
She manifested no shame or sorrow,
though I know she must have heard the
whispered words ; her face was hard
and unwomanly, and its expression was
sullen. And I could not doubt that she
had played the spy upon my husband
and myself, and had betrayed us to this
"I've a very few words to say to you,
ma'am," said the man ; and all the bold
ness and insolence had gone out of his
voice, leaving it gentle and sorrowful.
" Just a few words to ask you to forgive
us for what we meant to do, and to tell
you what has happened to change my
mind so suddenly, and why we can t
rob you as we meant to do."'
He took the package from his pocket
with the words, and tossed it into my
"That money belongs; to the man
that I love and honor more than any
other on earth. I'm a hard customer,
ma'am ; we live by dark ways and do
ings, Jane and I, and I wouldn't have
believed when she let me in here to-day
and hid me that I could; have left the
bouse without that money ; but if I'd
known whom it belonged to, I'd sooner
held out my right hand to be cut off
than come here as I have, and for what I
came. I used to be a sailor, and I was with
Captain Croly ia the Calvert. He was the
very kindest and beBt master that ever
handled a speaking-trumpet, and there
wasn't a man aboard the bark but loved
him. One night off Hatterae all hands
were sent aloft to reef in a heavy gale ;
and when they came down again I was '
missing. ' Where is he ?' the captain
asked ; bat none of them knew. They
hadn't noticed me since we : all sprang
into the shrouds together. 'Over
board, I'm afraid, said the mate ; and
the men all seemed fearful that X was
lost. The captain hailed me through his
speaking-trumpet ; and there came
back a faint, despairing cry, only just
heard above the piping of the storm.
Captain Croly never ordered any one
else up ; he cast off his coat, and threw
down his trumpet, and went aloft be
fore any one could get ahead of him.
He found me hanging with one elbow
over the foreyard, and just about ready
to fall from weakness and pain, for my
other aim was twisted out of joint at
the elbow by a turn of the ropes. He
caught me, and held me there till help
came up from below, and then they
carried me down. It was Captain Croly
that saved me from a grave in the sea ;
and I would have robbed him to-night !
Forgive ut, madam, if you can. We"
will leave you in peace. Come Jane !"
r The two passed out of my chamber,
and from the house, leaving me like one
in a dream. The woman I never saw
again ; and I have little hope that she
ever reformed. She was one of the
crafty, hypocritical kind, whose hearts
are entirely bad, and who generally
come to bad ends. But I am very
hopeful that the man entered upon a
new life after this occurrence. He made
no promises, not even an intimation that
he meant to do so ; but I have faith to
think that the heart that could treasure
up a debt of gratitude, and stay the ex
ecution of a crime, as in this case, must
have something in it strong enough to
turn it to virtuous ways.
"Well," said Elijah, in bis joking
way, when he came home next day af
ter this eventful night, "you've not
been murdered for that money, I see.
Where's Emily ? Has she run off with
it?" " -
I handed him the package, merely re
marking that the woman had unexpect
ly left me, for reasons which were best
known to herself. This was all the con
versation that I had with him upon the
subject ; he never knew what I have
now been telling. Perhaps I did wrong ;
but I was always reluctant to tell him
all about it, and he died before I could
make up my mind. But I never had
any other secret from Elijah ; and I be
lieve I never had an adventure that
made such an impression upon me as
A Long-Concealed Story About an At
tempt to Assassinate Gen. Grant.
I was related a very interestincr inci
dent yesterday, which has never been
made public through any of the jour
nals of the day. If at the time of its
occurrence it had been published it
would have furnished one of the sensa
tions of the time. " Double leaded
type and display headlines would have
been called into play to do nonor to the
importance of the news. This, then, is
nothing more nor less than the history
.11 1 1 1 - . T" T
oi an aisempie" assassination ox rresy
dent U-rant. Tne attempt was to very
near a success that, had it not been for
the pluck and personal bravery of one
man, Gen. Grant would long ago have
been gathered to his fathers, and per
haps the third term question would
never have come up for discussion.
The truth of the incident admits of no
question, and it is a great wonder to me
how such a bit of news never became
known at the time. However, circum
stances explain this in a measure.
, The attempted assassination was
made when Grant was General of the
Army, a short time before he was
elected President of the United States.
At the time he occupied the house lately
used by Gen. Sherman, on 1 street, be
tween Second and Third streets.
Gen. Grant came walking along home
one day unaccompanied. The neigh
borhood of Massachusetts avenue and
Sixth street, where the attack was made.
is one of the quietest and most retired
portions of the city. As the General
came along to cross Sixth street, Dr.
Charles H. Bowen, a well-known physi
cian of this city, was standing in front
of his office on Massachusetts avenue, j
As Dr. Bowen was looking at the
General pass by, he saw a man dart out
from behind the bow-window with a
revolver- in his hand, shouting out to
Grant terrible imprecations, and then
he said. " Hold on, you Yankee son of
a - !" With this he raised his re
volver, and was about to fire, when Dr.!
Bowen, who is a very large and power
ful man, placed himself , between the
would-be-assassin and the future Presi
dent.' ; -
The Doctor cried out to the man,
" What are you about there ?"
The man replied, "I am after that
Yankee son of a 1 I am going to
blow his brains out."
The Doctor, cool-blooded man, who
his seen four years' of service in the
late war, said : " In order to shoot him,
you will have to shoot me. Come, now,
put up that pistol." ::-
The man replied in a frenzy : " Stand
out of the way, or I will kill you, too,
I am an Alabamian. "The war has
robbed me of ; every cent I had in the
world. I am going to get even with
that man there, and then I don't care
what becomes of me."
During this parley Gen. Grant slipped
out briskly, turning his head back every
now and then. The doctor engaged
the man until Grant was around the
corner on I street. Then he went bold
ly up to the man, and quickly placing
his right finger under his nose, throw
ing his head back, the athletic physi
cian then " let out his left," as the
sporting phrase goes, and the man tum
bled to the ground. He also lost his
revolver in the fall.. The doctor picked
it up, and then said to the man : " It
would be a good thing for you to get
out of this town as quick as ypu can.
It will not be good nlace for you after
The man at this ran away, and the
doctor never saw him afterward. The
revolver he still retains as a souvenir
of the attempt upon the life of Gen.
Grant. Washington Letter to the
IFrom the New York Timer.
The Commissioners of Emigration
are furnishing their report for the last
year. It will show some important
facts, the chief of which are the sudden
falling off in arrivals, and the almost
complete financial helplessness of the
Aa idea of the work of receiving, for
warding, and caring for immigrants
coming under, the control of this Com
mission may be had by inspecting the
following recerd of arrivals of aliens
since the establishment of the Board of
Commissioners of Emigration in 1837 :
Total 1.975,0942.294.6731.073 371)5.542,135
Thus it appears that the Commission
ers of Emigration have handled, so to
speak, more than six times as many
people as the census of 1870 gave for
the total population of our city.
As usual for several years past, the
arrivals at New York for 1874 show an
increasing proportion of German and
Scandinavian blood, and a decrease es
pecially of natives of Ireland. From
Germany, Austria, Belgium, Bohemia,
Hungary, Holland, Luxemburg, and
Switzerland we have 51,423, and from
Scandinavia 10, 887, making 62,310 for the
Teutonic element, not counting the En
glish, wnich, with other kindred blood,
make, nearly 75, 000 J or more than one
half of all for the year of Protestant
inclination and Teutonic origin. From
Ireland the number (41,179) is the
smallest since the war, and smaller than
any peace year except 1858-59 and 1860.
The greatest number in any one year
from Ireland was in 1851, when 163,306
were landed at Castle Garden ; the
smallest was 25,075, in 1858. The arriv
als in 1874 may be grouped as follows :
Truth and Latin.
Ireland 41 179
Austria., i 1,349
Wa'es. ' 1,828
British America.. 156
Other countries ... 9,502
Total aUena 140,337
Pa?s'gers not aliens,
Total landed.... 149,75
Scla-vie, chit fly
Where and How Pins Are Made.
A correspondent of the Hartford
Times describes a large pin-factory and
its operations as follows :
The main building is of brick, 100
feet long by 40 feet wide and four sto
ries high. Then there is another build
ing two stories high and 120 feet long
by 30 wide. They, employ about sixty
hands, which is less than half the num
ber employed in a driving season. Last
week they turned out two and one-half
toss of pins. They have capacity far
eating up twenty tons oi wire in a week.
Each machine is complete in itself. All
that is necessary to do is to place one
end of a coil of wire into its greedy maw.
and it will bite off - the wire the proper
length, point it, swedge up the head,
and spit out the pins at the rate of 175
a minute. Now a slight knowledge of
multiplication will enable us to get at
the capacity of the concern, supposing
they were;(driven to the utmost, with
two sets of hands day and night. They
have seventy-five machines, each ma
chine capable of turning out 175 pins a
minute. What do we see ? For one
machine, 10,500 pins an hour ; for ten
hears ten times .as many, or 105,000.
Now the night hands come along, and
before daylight the busy, never-tiring
brass-eater has made the number of
210,000. Then let us see what the
seventy-five machines have been doing
in the same time. Seventy-five times
210,000 is 15,750,000. Now that is the
sam total for a single day. Multiply
it by six, the number of working days
in the week, and you have 94,500,000
pins a week. If you have any curiosity
to fellow it further, you can multiply it
by the nnmber of weeks in a year, and
the grand total will be 4,914,000,000.
Whew ! Enough to take one's breath
away. That beats the national debt.
They actually have theoapaoity to make
more pins in a year than the United
States owes dollars. The principal
manufactories for making pins in this
country are at Waterbury, Birmingham
and Winsted, of this State. No wonder
the question is often asked, " Where do
all the pins go V
r Por sticking them in paper the pins
are fed into a hollow revolving cylinder,
are taken up in the compartments of
longitudinal ribs which extend along
the inner surface of the cylinder, and
drop upon an inclined plane, down
which they slide and are caught in the
links of an endless chain. Each link is
notched for as many pins as make a
row, and each notch receives its pin
hanging to it by the head. The whole
is then left.together in the paper. The
only attention the machine requires is
to supply it with paper and pins. The
first attempt to manufacture pins in
this country was made soon after the
war of 1812, when pins sold for $1 a
paper.-'-,"-,. . ,' . '"".: ,.'
' A tbxiEsoon of, immense proportions
is in course of manufacture in Paris.
Its power will exceed that of any other
in the world. The mirror will be ef
glass, but the surface will . be faced
with sola or silver, xt win be pro
vided with movable staircase. ,
Tlie Condition, Klna.ncia.lly ud Other
wise or a. Dona or Bo or Them- Guber
natorial Messages, and their Recom
mendations. The present is a busy season in the
law-making line. There are now in
session more State Legislatures than
were probably ever convened at one
and the same in the history of the coun
try. Of course all the Governors have
observed the time immemorial custom
of communicating to these bodies their
views and recommendations regarding
such legislation as -they think the
exigencies of the times demand, , We
append a very brief resume of the more
important contents of such of ,. these
documents as have come under our eje :
Gov. Hendricks, in his message to
the Indiana Legislature, states that the
assessed value of "she taxable property
of the State in 1874 was 8954,857,475,
which was an increase of more than
three hundred million dollars since
1872. There are 265,000 persons in
the State who are subject to a personal
or poll tax of fifty cents each. The as
sessment of property, and the personal
or poll tax, constitute the important
sources of revenue. The total receipts
for State purposes during the year were
$893,091.97. At the close of the year
ending Oct. 31, 1874, there was in the
treasury $244,203.78. The total State
debt amounts to $1,172,755.12. The
permanent school fund is $8,711,319.60.
There was received and disbursed
during the year, for the support of
schools, $2,211,328.13. The enumera
tion of 1874 of children between the
ages of six and twenty-one years, shows
the number of 654,364 ; the number
enrolled in the 'schools is 429,044,- and
the average attendance upon the schools
has been 311,272. Twelve thousand six
hundred and fifty-five teachers have
been employed. The State charitable,
educational and reformatory - institu
tions are represented- to be in a pros
Gov. Dingley's message furnishes a
gratifying exhibit of the financial con
dition of the Pine Tree State. The
war left her with a debt of about $8,500,
000. This debt the people of Maine,
with steady determination, early took
measures to reduce. In this they have
succeeded so well that they have al
ready been able to pay off $3,000,000 of
the principal, besides meeting $4,000,
000 of interest. At the present rate the
entire debt would be extinguished in
about fourteen years more.
The message of Gov. Tilden to the N ew
York Legislature places the receipts
of the year at $26,465,370 ; payments,
$19,636,308, leaving a balance of nearly
$7,000,000 ; the funded debt is $30,000,
000. The reduction of the debt last
year was $6,000,000. He discusses at
great length the transpertation prob
lem, and says the State must protect
the Erie canaL While not seeking to
make money from it, he urges the
perfecting of the canal by enlarging its
capacity, so that it shall practicably
cheapen and facilitate the exchange of
commodities between the East and
West. He advocates the deepening of
the canal to seven feet, believing that
to be the best means of facilitating
navigation by boats, whether Bteam or
Gov. Hartranf t states that during the
past year the State debt of Pennsyl
vania was eduoed $1,230,186. The re
ceipts were $7,697,119, the expenditures
are $6,602,563. leaving in the Treasury
$1,094,551. The total State debt is
$24,568,635, from which should be de
ducted $9,000,000 of bonds in the sink
ing fund. The revenues of the State
have been decreased $12,000,000 by the
repeal of the tax on the gross receipts
of railroads, the net earnings of cor
porations, and on cattle, and farmers'
implements, i The Governor calls atten
tion to the want of skilled labor, and
recommends the establishment of
sohools where boys can be instructed in
trades, and approves of compulsory
Gov. Davis states that the total re
ceipts of the State Treasury during the
past fiscal year were $1,331,210 ; the
disbursements, $1,148,059. The recog
nized bonded indebtedness of the State
The Governor regards the Railroad
law of last session as a practical suo
cess. Under the rates prescribed by
the Railroad Commissioners, the reduc
tion cn passenger fares and freights
and lumber passing over the railroads
in the State will amount to about
$300,000.. He regards it as practically
settled that the State has the rights to
regulate railway freight and passenger
Gov. Furnas' message states that the
population of the State has doubled in
the last two years. The estimated pop
ulation is now 300,000. Total debt of
the State, $402,954. Delinquent taxes
due the State, over half a million dol
lars. Total valuation for taxable pur
poses $80,000,000 ; while the value of
property exempted from taxation is
estimated at $300,000,000. Number of
prisoners incarcerated in the State
Prison, 54 ; expenses for the last two
years, $58,100.43, an average of $538 for
each prisoner ; total amount of convict
labor, at 4a cents a day, $4,343.64, or
nearly $40 per prisoner per year. On
the 1st day of January, 1875, there were
1,107.69 miles completed railroads in
the State. The Governor states that
the total donations for the benefit of
the grasshopper sufferers amount to
$68,080. There are 1,345 school-houses
in the State, valued at $1,300,000 ; and
72,991 pupils. There was about $470,
000 school money apportioned in the
last two years,- and there are 2,200quali
fied teachers in the State. All the in
stitutions, educational and charitable,
are represented to be in prosperous
- ' MISSOURI.
Gov. Woodson's statement ef the
financial oondition of Missouri places
the State debt at $17,735,000 ; amount
of maturing bonds paid during the
year, $1,412,000. He refers to - the
prevalence of crime in the State, and
quotes the English common law, . mak
ing the people of townships and coun
ties responsible for damages when
officers or citizens fail to arrest crimi
nals, as something worthy the consid
eration of members, and says, unless
the people of the State arouse them
selves to a higher perception of duty in
reepeot to the enforcement of law,
arrest of criminals, and prevention of
mobs, the State will be seriously in
jured, and its progress and development
greatly retarded. ,
Gov. Beverids-e. in Ma himni.l
communication to . the Legislature,
afafoa that Vl rAAAinfa fhnlni- a..1
ance) of the Treasury from Dec 1, 1872,
to Dea 1, 1874, were $13,885,669. the
expuuuitiuoB, x, i tv,xo i , leaving . a
balance of $2,126,532. The total in
debtedness of the State Dea 1, 1874,
was $1,730,972, of which $250,009
was paid , Jan. 5, 1875. The Gov
ornor estimates that the semi
annual receipts from the Illinois
Central Railroad Company will be suf
ficient to meet the interest on all the
State indebtedness and to pay the prin
cipal thereof as fast as it falls due, and
that on Jan. 1, 1880, with all outstand
ing obligations paid in full, there will
be a surplus of the Illinois Central fud
of over half a million of dollars.
Therefore, no tax will be needed from
this time forward to pay either princi
pal or interest of the State debt., i The
organized militia of the State consists
of one battalion and fifteen detaohed
companies, aggregating 1,112 officers
and men, of whom 974 are uniformed.
The Governor - recommends that en
couragement be given to fish culture ;
that provision be made for taking the
State census of 1865 ; and that the
State should be represented in the
Philadelphia Centennial. He states
that the levy for revenue for 1875
should be $2,000,000, and for 1876,
$1,500,000, with $1,000,000 each year
for schools. The Penitentiary is self
sustaining and needs no appropriations.
Gov. Taylor, in his message to the
Wisconsin Legislature, gives a flatter
ing exhibit of the financial condition
and material prosperity of the State.
He says that all forms of Stale tax have
been promptly paid ; that the State
debt is comparatively insignificant;
that the cause of popular education has
progressed ; that the charitable and be
nevolent institutioDS are in an efficient
condition ; that the expenses of the
State have been considerably reduced,
and that the burden of taxation is less
than at any period far many years.
Gov. Brown, in his message, urgently
recommends the repeal of the act au
thorizing the conventional rate of in
terest of ten per cent. The Governor
vehemently denounces the action of the
military in the Louisiana affair.
Gov. Gaston protests against the in
terference of the military in Louisiana,
and urges a return to amicable relations
as the only guarantee for the peace and
Firosperity of the nation at large. The
unded debt of the State is $29,465,204.
The sinking fund- created for its re
demption amounts to nearly $11,000,
000 ; net debt,' less than $19,000,000. .
Gov. Bagley's statement of the finan
cial condition of the Wolverine State is
a very gratifying one. "We are," he
says, ''faithfully fulfilling every require
ment ef the organic law, paying every
obligation as it matures, providing in
advance for every appropriation, creat
ing no new debt add renewing no ld
one." The total bonded debt is $1,
588,135; balance in Treasury $1,070,
274, of which $691,821 is applicable to
the payment of the bonded debt, and
estimates show that the sinking fund
will provide for the entire bonded debt
by 1882. The State owns 3,063,288 acres
of land. The Governor severely de
nounces the inside rings which, in the
shape of "fast freight lines," "dis
patch companies," " sleeping and ' pal
ace cars," etc, suck up the life-blood
of tbe railroads, and disable them from
paying any profit or even any interest
on tneir Donas.
The Governor of Kansas, i a his mes
sage, represents the finanoes of the
State to be in an excellent condition.
He refers to the grasshopper plague.
and urges relief by legislation. The In
dian policy oi the government is con
demned. - '
Gov. Throckmorton, of Texas, in his
message to the Legislature, congratu
lates that body upon the great prosper
ity of the State, the marked reduction
of the public debt during the year, and
the protection of thousands of miles of
border by the Texas Rangers. Under
the 6 j stem of finance now adopted,
state Donus are sold almost at par,
restoring credit at home and abroad.
A Beautiful Answer.
When the Emperor of Germany was
lately on a visit in a distant portion of
His dominions, he was welcomed by the
school children of the village. After
their speaker had made a speeoh for
their : he thanked them. Then taking
an orange irom a plate, assed:
"To what kingdom does this be
" To the vegetable kingdom, sire,
replied the little girl.
The Emperor took a gold coin from
His pocket, and holding it up, asked :
" And to what kingdom dees this be
long?'' " To the mineral kingdom, sire," re
plied tne mtie girl. .
" And to what kingdom do I belong,
then ?" asked the Emperor.
The little girl colored deeply, for she
did not like to say " the animal king
dom," as he thought she would, lest his
Majesty snouid be ofiended, when a
bright thought came, and she said, with
radiant eyes :
" To God's kingdom, sire."
The Emperor was deeply moved. A
tear stood in his eve. He Disced his
hand on the child's head and said, most
aevoutiy : . ;
"Grant that I may be accounted
worthy of that kingdom.
The Senate Sub-Committee on Post-
offices and Post Roads have been at
work on the subject of postal deficien
cies, and the following figures are given:
nm a . x ' .
jLua obhiies vuoa report an excess ox re
ceipts ever expenditures are: NewHamp-
snire, 54i,4csy.4y ; Massachusetts, JfSie,
77a 74 ; Rhode Island, $11,865.79 ; Con
necticut, $189,811.88 ; New York, $1,
121,468.98; Now Jersey, $47,573.05;
Pennsylvania, $431,620.62 ; all the rest
of the States show that their expendi
tures are ia excess of their receipts.
Texas and California show the largest
deficiencies, they being as follows :
Texas, $524,854,01 ; California, $504,
178.76. Next come, on the losing side,
Missouri, Utah, New Mexioo, Illinois,
Nebraska, Ohio, Kansas and Minne
sota, all of which run over $259,000,
and most of them $300,000. The Dis
trict of Columbia shows a deficiency of
$73,809.62. The total defloiff.-18
$7,806,845.59; total in excess, $2,560,
557.90. Prom this exhibit it will be
seen that in the New England States,
where there is a dense popuUtion, postal
service more than pays for itself where
as, in other States, most of which are
sparsely settled, the Postoffloe Depart
ment is minus. : '; '"- '"' ' i' .
"Sotjbvt Mm" and "Dreadful
Tom" are the candidates for Mayor of
Grass Plains, Neb. Both are running
on the anti-grasshopper ticket. ,, .
BT KATH TB.UX. y
Up In early morning light,
Hweepinjr, dusting, aettiwr right,''
Oiling all the household springs,
Be wing buttons, tying strings,
Telling Bridget what to do.
Mending rips In Johnny's shoe,
; Running up and down the stair.
Tying baby In her chair.
Cutting meat and spreealng bread,
Dishing out so much per head.
Eating aa she can by ohance.
Giving husband kindly glance.
Tolling, working, busy life,
' " Smart woman,
Darts wife I"
Dan cornea borne at fall of night.
Home so ebeerful, neat and bright,
Children meet him at the dour.
Pull him in and look him o'er
Wife aeka how tbe work has gon
" Busy tiroes with n talho j
, Supper done Dan reads at eaa
Happy Dan, but one to pteeee.
Children must be put to bed
. All the little prayera are said ;
Little shoes are plaoed in rows.
Bed-clothes tucked o'er little toes,
Busy, noisy, wearing life,
Dan reads on and falls asleep,
See the woman softly creep ;
Baby reata at last poor dear.
Not a word her heart to cheer ;
Mending-baaket full to top, .
Stockings, shirt and little frock,
Tired eyea and weary brain.
Side with darting, ugly pain :
" Never mind, 'twill pass sway,"
She must work but never play ;
Closed piano, unused books.
Done tbe walks to eaay nooks.
Brightness faded out of life,
Dan's wife. I
tTp-stairs, tossing to and fro, -Fever
holds the woman low ;
Children wander, free to play
When and where they will, to-day
Bridget loiters dinner's cold ;
Dan looks anzlons, cross and old;
Household screws are out of plaoe,
Lacking on 0 dear, patient f aoe,
Steady hands, so weak and true,
Handa tbat knew juat wnat to do,
Never knowing rest or play.
Folded now and laid away.
Work of six In one abort life,
Shattered woman, :
Pith and Point.
Straining a point doesn't make it
Waist of time That of a stout old
A breezy girl A wind lass.
Abkx literature Magazines and re
You can't weigh an eel with scales,
because they have no scales, you know.
The King of Dahomey has a neck
lace composed of two hundred and fifty
human ears, and that ear necklace is his
great pride. :
A vottno widow in New Orleans being
asked after her husband's health, an
swered with a soft, quiet smile, "He is
dead, I thank you."
asked a stuttering man of a German.
" Ven he don't talk so gooter as you, I
schop, by tarn, his head off."
An effort is making to naturalize the
English bumble-bee in New Zealand.
Considering the primitive simplicity ef
attire of the unsophisticated aborigines,
it is to be hoped that the experiment
may fad. j
Mb. Punch gives the following as a
specimen of the " simplicity of truth :"
"Oh, what do yju think; Mr. Lilly
brow ? The other day, I was taken for
twenty-five, and I am only eighteen 1"
" Haw 1 Wonder what you'll be taken
for when you re twenty-live T "For
better, for worse, I hope !" i
Presence of mind An Oxford under
graduate was asked to point bat which
were the . greater and which were
the lesser prophets. Fori la moment
this was a "poser"' to the young hope
ful. He soon rallied, however, and
answered, with grave deliberation, " I .
never like to make invidious distinc
"O! Totra nose is as cold as ice," a
Boston father thought he heard his
daughter exclaim the other evening as
he was reading in the next i room. He
walked in for an explanation, but the
fellow was at one end of the sofa and
the girl at the other, while both looked
so innocent and unconscious that the
old gentleman concluded his ears had
deceived him, and so retired from the
scene without a word. j
A oouNTKYMAN stepped into young
Whitlock's drug-store, who, by the
way, keeps a miscellaneous assortment"
of books, among them Hugo's "93"
.and said confidentially, " I want to fool
the old woman 1 she's bin-kinder heven
the ager, and wants something to warm
her up, but she won't take nothin' but
number six, and that don't faze her. I
see by the papers that you have got
some 93 ; I want a dime's worth, and if
that don't fetch her she's gone."
Terre Haute Express.
Ik Springfield, Mass., recently, a
young married woman became possessed
With the idea that her proper vocation
was that of a novelist. So she secretly
began a thrilling story in which the
here was to be strangled by his jealous
wife; Into the murder scene she de
termined to pour her whole soul, and
in order to properly describe it she
went to the bedside of her sleeping
spouse and placing her hands about
his neck, choked him into insensibility.
He knocked her down with a chair as
soon as he revived, and the novel went
into the stove.
Dusky Washington Belles.
There are some very beautiful colored
girls just ox that caie-au-iait color so
exquisite when accompanied by fine
features. Onepretty Creole married an
officer of the Freedman's Bank, a col
ored man who formerly played the
piano for private Germans, etc. He
built her a fine house and took her to
Niagara on the bridal trip. She with
marriei in a white satin dress, was
orange blossems and tulle veil. An
other girL so nearly white that the Af
rioan blood would never be suspected, .
was highly educated, with eyes large
and lustrously black, like those of the
Spanish women ; her hair as purple as
the raven's wings ; her complexion
creamy, with the faintest suspicion of
eonlenr de rose : her lips full and scar
let ; her hands and feet wonderoualy
tiny. Her father intended to take her
abroad, where his pedigree was un
known, for, if discovered, foreigners
would not show tbe horror of negro
blood evinced by the Americans ; then
he honed his daughter's beauty, ac
complishments and wealth, might at
tract Caucasian wooers. But. alas 1 for
his fond hopes ; true to her race, she
married a black man, son of a restau
rateur, and broke her father s heart aa
well as his pride. --Correspondent Cin
An improvement has just been intro
duced into Paris. A certain number of
the comfortable broughams, wbioh ply
for hire at the rate of thirty-five cents
per hour, are now supplied with hot
water bottles, and tho public are in
formed of the fact by a board hanging
from the side of the cab, and by an in-
soriptien on the lantern. i