mumn btveet fktdat bt COLI VAN OliKVE, ALBANY, OREGON. ROMANCE of a chorus-singer. It is stated that a former valet of the 7oTmgTrttMmprmTK1SeeTs6W Ringing inthe chorus of the Italian opera tronpe in New York. His name is Antonio v ennsoo. Me is an Italian, and belonged to the4 Society of Carbon ari. He left Italy and wen to Paris to seek his fortune. ; " Drifting , with ! the tide he finally lodged vin the imperial household and became the valet of the young Prinoe. He -watched the boy at play, kept in sight of him in his walks,' and slept at his door in the palace.. "Napoleon, III. often'' questioned aim beat Italy. , One day Yenusoof return ing from a walk with the Prince, was met at the gate of the Tnileries by a beggar. The mendicant was one of the Carbonari, and made a sign which Yenusco would , not . recognize. The beggar told him that all the Carbonari knew where he was, and suspected him as a traitor to the order. His death was resolved upon if he did not enter into a plot that was almost hatched. It was to assassinate the Emperor. Ye nusoo was horrified at the part he was expected to play in the bloody drama, but he could not help himself, and agreed to the terms. Then the beggar left him to return to the palace, and go on with, ins Unties as usual. The lat ter stipulation was an important part of the plot,- and it troubled Venasoo; who did not wish to play the traitor to his imperial patron.' The Emperor dis covered ' that there was something the matter with ' the . Prince's attendant, questioned him, and Yennsco unfolded the whole plot,' ; reserving only the names.' The Oroini'conspiraey failed, Yenusco was, by some of his . accom plices, implicated in this plot, and was of course thrown into prison.! He knew it could not be the Emperor who had thus repaid him for his loyalty. One sight the door of his ' cell' was opened. A masked man entered, blindfolded, and bade him follow. , He went on a journey in a carriage and on a railway. He traveled for hours in darkness. At length he found himself on the water, as he knew by the roll of the vessel, and was. told to remove the bandage from his eyes. He was in' the" cabin alone. The steward came , and handed him a package. Opening it, he found it con tained five thousand francs in gold. He knew that this was the Emperor who had repaid him for his loyalty. He was in England before night, out of the Teach of the Carbonari and the police authorities of France. ' ' ' Hjbbm is a question in ethics which somebody will please arise and answer. CaptCautneld was appointed tiger-slayer to the, Madras government. He hap pened to be staying with a clergyman in Coimbatoire, at the foot of the Neil gherry Hills, at a time when, a man-eating tiger was: ravaging ' the neighbor hood and reducing the population of the Presidency ' by two .daily. At the head of a larjre body" of hunters the tiger-slayer started out lb pursuit of the dreadful monster. ' .Coming to dt village near sunset they saw a strange picture.' The women and children of . the village were wailing,' and clamoring, while in the shadow of the jungle an enormous tigress could be dimly discerned devour ing a ' poor herdsman whom he . had just slain. , As the, hunters approached her the animal fled into the jungle, leaving them uncertain whether to pur sue her in the darkness. Capt. Caul field decided not te do so. He preferred a surer and safer way of dispatching the animal. Saturating the mangled body of the dead herdsman with; poison, the party retreated, aid next morning found the tigress dead , and the herdsman -vanished. ; The clergyman reproved the tiger-slayer for using a human ", body as bait for' , an animal,! and many will agree ' with, him.;'-: The,, poor ! natives thanked him -vociferously for saving their lives,' even at the expense ef their dead companion' integrity of corpus. By reversing the situations of clergy men and 'natives, .It"is barely, possible that the foron , wouhl .have been less squeamish a ( to the rmainner of "his preservation than tie poor wretctes of darker hue.', , It is' matter of taste, iowever. .-: .. &--U ' , ... i '-: .ENTERTAINING A VISITOR. -; It would have - beea unfortunate for the Empress of Busaia had she left hei; pockeibook at ;home , when - she paid -visit to her daughter at that interesting period when maternal encouragement is indiapensaole. It appears that Queen Yictoria secluded herself at Balmoral as soon as the Empress of Russia arrived at BuckiDgham,Palace.i(Italled there, the visiting Empress was : compelled to pay ner way just as if she were boarding at a hotel. " It might ' be'ged ttj he Duke of Edinburgh should nave, entew j tainedhis imperial moth er-inaW lrut those who know hint best ! declare" that extravagance jia not jtus , failing, and the support of a mother-in-law is a luxury 1 he coold not afford. Hence the, lady was compelled to; satisfy" her J butcher i and baker, and candlestick-maker from i her own purse. This may be court etU quetfe; but the ' hospitable American 1 cannot "help thinking it somewhat pe culiar. ... I. I, lv -- Hn went out between the acts and re turned vigorously chewing a clove." His wife asked hM where he had beeni and he said " to see a friend.' ,She calmly replied that she thought his friend must be dead, as shq feuld smell his'blerL' V The man who has not anything to boast -of but hialllnstrioua ancestors 4s like a potato plant the only good "be Jonging to him is under ground. LAPLAND. In the north of Eurone there is a large tract aoou&try"eryj thinly tnhab ited by Swedes, Norwegians, inland. era ana ,Juaps, , its coast , is indented with fiords of great teauty, the sea be ing of great depth, and windingltsway .inland, often in the midst of stupendous scenery. These fiords were due out of the the solid rock by glaciers on their way toward the sea. The sreoloerical feat- with the great and constant changes that 1 have t taken place,' 'or. are taking place. ' The rocks - are' granite, gneiss and mica schist. . As one studies, the coast line the eyes, rest continually on ov ui terraces one over, tne outer, perfect in shape,, almost jall situated at me entrances ol valleys,,,, .These ter races show, distinctly, by their rounded ipies the rising of the land above the water, this .slow, and almost impercepti ble rising, stjjl taking place in our time. This country was once under the influ ence of a much milder, climate, as genial as that of England now. We must con clude, from inferences that the icy pe riod . is again making its atroearanoe. and that the impenetrable belt of , ice which seems to bar the way to the north pole, . and which , our distinguished friend, Dr. . Hayes, has partly ex plored,' T was onoe anpensea. In the interior ; of . the country inhabited by Laps, one meets everywhere positive proofs of the rising of the land. Shells are found- several hundred feet above the present 'level of the lakes ; moun tains have been polished as smooth as glass by the action' of the ice';' bowlders of all sizes have been scattered over the land by the glaciers. Advancing gla ciers are demolishing to this day, and breaking the granite hills which oppose their i march,' while the . retiring ones leave behind them : bowlders, - sand, graveL etc', etc. : ! ' " "There are sea Iiaps, forest and river jiaps, and nomadic laps. I can now only speak of, the nomadic Laps. The ' whole population of . Lapland amounts to about 30,000, the nomadic Laplanders numbering about 25,000, and possessing about ' 500,000 reindeer. Their herds vary from fifty to five thousand. " There have been Lapland era possessing even ten thousand rein deer. A ,man possessing from five hundred to a thousand reindeer is con sidered rich. , Those who possess only fifty to one hundred , are poor. The reindeer 4? everything to the Laplander, With, its skin, he makes his clothing, shoes, j gloves ; with j its sinews ' his thread, -. He feeds on its flesh, and the animal , is his beast of burden. ' ' The value of ; ; the reindeer, varies according to , the i country.. Driving reindeer; broken S , to - the ' harness, are not very plentiful, ' and cost - from $10 to $15 each ; a . common one from $4 to i The most intelligent Tiaps are the Swedish and Norwegian, compulsory education having reached that distant region.' They all know how to read. Every one is or must be confirmed, this ceremony being part of the Lutheran creed : hence all ' must be able to read the Bible and know their catechism, Churches- are scattered here and there in the desolate regions, and the church. going Laps come into them on Sundays from every side. Paul du Chaillu. BOHTXEK8 f250,000 WORTS OF HORSES. Robert Bonner owns $250,000 worth of equine property ; spends five or six hours out of every twenty-four in his stables or ,on the road. He loves horses, thicks horses, talks horses, Nevertheless, if . he wants to drive to a neighbor's house, or io. a -distant part of . the city in the evening,' he always hires a carriage from a lrverv stable. Dexter and the other noble steeds' are altogether too fine for ordinary employ ment. Bonner's bill at livery is said to be some $1,500 a year, while the inter est on. the value -of his horses at the legal rate is $17,500 per annum. He paid $25,000 for. Dexter, and he is pro nounced profoundly . foolish therefor. He could have sold him again for $50,000, although ' he L; would not take $100,000. It is one of his idiosyncracies that he never sells anything. - He is only a buyer. Of all the real estate he has purchased he has never disposed of a single foot.,-He keepe whatever he gets, and "gets more. ! . It is said he has made, up hs mind, , to own ' Goldsmith , Maid ; aact , doubtless he will do so if the mare can be had for money. : : Bon ner can 'afford to , be extravagant. His entire property to-day cannot be worth less than $5,000,000 ; and yet it is only a few years ' since that he was a toiling printer,' delighted to earn $30 a week. New JTork Letter: u" 1 tbe james; an j xouhqeh , rois. -, A St. Louis. letter says : It is an assured fact that' a new feature in legis lation will be attempted , when 'tho Mis souri Assembly meets this winter,' in the shape of an amnesty bill in behalf of the i James .'a.Tounge? boya. The; bill will be brought, before the Legislature early in the session,'' and "will undoubt edly Receive, a' support t least .'numeri cally respectable -By way of argument.; for the measure it is claimed that if the inenbi of outlawry is' lift' from these men, and they are allowed to return home and go to work,, all the lawlessness now: being ' enacted in 'I the State in their name.wf9'reesi' bediuse ' Jtf jwill lack thcloak which , iS now enjoys J that if these men once come home and identify themselves with" a community, ind snould enagein facts' pf crime, Jjhey could then be more easily detected i and punished". Whether it be withha the constitutional power of the Legialature tq pass such a law of course is quite d problematical question; .but'the, proposition ''inter esting from its novelty and from the im- portant mission which it offers to accom-. plish in ridding MissdiiriHf 'its famous rough-riders, free-booters, and murder ers." - ABOUT SOME M0VSEB0LJ NAMES. A .pleasing writer in Cincinnati pa- pftj-lteifpnjttie ,ever4nteresting themeof Ihe derivation and meaning of names foi girls and women. Bridget is a name which is fast becoming obsolete beyond the region of the " kitchen cab inet. " Yet, this writerreminds us all, flfecalJipjas, olIrelaadridgeU was the Ersa Goddess of Song and yet J later tne pupil of St. i'atncK, ana one oi.tha patran lainta of IrelandOlane- ing at the lore of ? tnat ancient isle in the days when the foot of the Saxon in vader had not yet trampled upon her shores, we find that Erin is tne Father land pf the Fairies, and Martha was the Lnsh Queen, who led the ancestors of the , Culprit ,Eay,". in merry dances under the light . of the. moon, .over the green grass and the. yellow buttercups and the innocent, hearts of the daisies. Hannah is a , homely, name, but from it is derived the goodly progeny of .Anna, Nancy, ..Nan, " Annette, Aniti, Antoin ette and Nina all signifying " grace." Jane, - together with John, signify " grace of the Lord," and from J ane we derive Jennv. Juana and Janet, and also that sweet Scotch name, Jessie. Miriam, is sweeter in sound, tnan in significance,' as it means, "bitter," or as some writers have it "myrrh o the sea."' Isabel,' Beatrice, Blanche and Constance are provincial names, brought into favor by the songs of tne trouba dours, ' while ' Bertha, Ethel, Mildred, Edith,: and Ermangarde' are of German Origin, and English literature identifies Henry, Hugh, Gilbert and Robert with the Norman era. ; Some names are as sad as others are comical in their sig nification. ' For instance, una signifies " alone ;" Tobias, " child of tears;' and Benoni, ' son' of my sorrow,' while Portia recommenda itself to all dealers in Bwine who have a daughter to name, as it ' signifies " of the pigs, Ruth, in the Hebrew tongue, signifies " beauty, and we may thereby reason ably conclude that the heroine in the Scriptures, who,1 by devotion to her mother-in-law, secured a second hus band, was fair to look upon. Agnes sismifies M pure." and from a character of that' name in the Romish Church we derive Keats' beautiful legend of St Agnes eve. while all lovers of Dickens will associate the name with that Agnes Wickfield, upon whose shoulders poor, weak, - incompetent little Dora leaned her . weary. ; - head and died. Modern nomenclature nas given us no more pleasing names than those old-fashioned gemsef the fireside, such as Mary, Lucy, Amy. Ida, Alice and Anne." Harriet signifies ''heme ruler," while Saxon Maud, which we associate with some dainty maiden who might tremble at' a mouse, and faint if brought into too in timate contact with a spider, in reality means "strength," and from. it is de rived Matilda, or " battle : maid Evaneeiine sicmifies " brineiner glad ness," bu all ' who have read Longfel low's poem of the Acadian maiden will remember the name in his latest " Sum mer of AH Saints," only to associate it with sad, sad eyes, and a weary quest, ending in tears and death." 8TL LOUIS GALLANTRY. . , The editor of the St. Louis Republi can notes the resumption of the ancient and annual quarrel between the papers of Chicago, Cincinnati and Louisville as to the, relative beauty of : their women. , Lamenting upon the fact that the controversy has taken the form of raillery on the part of each participant at the nn comeliness of the gentler sex of the other ' two cities, he continues : "We rejoice that St. Louis has been spared participation in this unseemly joust. " We should have been. unequal to the emergency if we had been drawn into the lists ; for there is no journalist in our midst capable of such rudeness as railling at the defects of alady or any number of .ladies, whether those defects be in the nature of the facial ugliness proverbial of .Chicago, the awkward ness of gait peculiar to Cincinnati, or the shocking bad taste in dress and general style traditional '-of Louisville. Least of all could any St. Louis journalist so depress his intellectual range as to dis cuss the sizeor shapeliness of the feet of the ladies of a neighboring city." a ursa t german p ublishing . house. ' ! A. cable dispatch announces the death of the ' celebrated publisher, Henry Brockhaus, of Leipsio, Germany. . The publishing establishment over which he presided during his life has by its Varied facilities for conducting the many branches of " book-making and the energy and 'foresight exercised in its difficult management,' come into world wide repuation, it being, without doubt, the greatest establishment ' of its kind that has ever existed. It was estab shed in 1805 by the father of . the late rjossessor,' and is no left in the hands of two sons, solid , men and capable of carrying rJ forward - the work inherited from their father. v ; The proportions of the establishment' are immense, and a thousand men are , employed. Every thing, that a pubUshex needs, with the exception of paper ,and the heaviest ma chisery4 is made in the one great build ing and under the: personal inspection fo the men most interested in their' use. 4;Jfw Bkotobd clergyman amazed his congregation last Sunday . by sud denly Jleaving his pulpit, ticotting down the aisle, and striding off toward home. .The. choir sang, and then .there was an awkward, fidgefty waiting.; Soon the pastor shot into' the churoti agaia, sop ping perspiration !from 1 his' forehead with his handkerchief, and ' read his sermon withoutexplanatidn. 4 ' ; , f AjfBTi, bytithe viamej.of - Stephen Pearl Andrews finds about 35 sounds in. each ot the 2,000 dialects," more or less, which make up the talk of the hu man family. ' REVEREND" THE ORIGIN OF THE TITLE. 4 Reverend Brooke Lambert in a letter to the London Times, says i v The registers s of the parish of Tarn- worth contains some k interesting par ticulars as to local usage. The registers date back from the reign of Philip and Mary, 1556. The ..first ,tiUe given in th'enVnio a" clergyman' is the old title Bit;" with, .which Shakespeare has made us familiar. In May, 1567, we have an entry "Sir Peter Stringar, curater The "clergyman who succeeded him ia called Sir Richard Walker," but there are other cotemporaneous en tries, such as "sacerdee," "rclericus," ' preacher," 'and "verbi minisier." These latter seem to have obtained till, in King James' reign, we havo the pre fix "master," which, as we know, was applied to ' the great divine, Master Hooker, and this practice seems by our registers to have been continued through the Commonwealth, though " Minister of the Gospel " is sometimes added, t We have, however, in 1657, the first use of the word " reverend," evidently in this case as a special mark of re spect, not as a formal title. On "11 June, , 1657, was buried our Reverend Pastor Master Thomas Blake, Minister of Tamwortb.". In .1633 we have a a clergyman, by .name Samuel Collins. 1 had noticed with curiosity an erasure before his name in each of the causali ties, baptism or funeral, recorded in our register., , , . , . ! ' , . In 1701 1 was lucky enough to find an erased entry, and it appears that the obnoxious word was the title " Revd." (so written) prefixed to his Mr. How ever, be seems not to have been able to hold this title. One of his children, baptized in 1706, is baptized as the child of plain Samuel Collin f, minister ; and when he died, in ,1706, he was buried without the title " reverend " as Mr. (i. e,. Master) Samuel Collins, Minister of Tarn worth. Henceforward the same address is used till November, 1727, when 'we have ' the baptism of Annie, daughter of "ye1 Reverend Robert Wilson, Minister of Tarn worth," and after that date the prefix "rever end" never seems to have been omitted. '' I am thankful, for the honor of my parish, to say that it was not withheld even in a case which reminds one of the matter discussed at -the Camborne Conference. It fell to the lot of one of my predecessors to bury a Nonconform ist. The entry of the burial is as fol lows, 1836-37 : ".10 March, buried ye Reverend Thomas Worthington, a' non juror, of Tamworth." In this he only followed ' the example of an earlier vicar, who, when ; " Thomas Flavell, Presbyterian teacher of Tamworth," died, allowed him the prefix of Mr. (Master), a prefix used with great parsimony in those days. .... ICELAND. . At present the chief exports are cod fish, salmon, and wool. While the cul tivation of these industries does not create any large degree of individual wealth, they are productive of general competency. I found the necessaries of life possessed everywhere in abun dance; luxuries were not uncommon, and the ' people were happy and content. The school system is most admirable, and the Icelanders show a remarkable greed for learning. In the humblest peasant' hut' you always find books. Some of our English classics are trans lated and published in Reykjavik, and are greatly in demand. The bookstore was crowded when I visited it. Crime is almost unknown, the common jail not having ' had an 'occupant, except the jailer and his family, these twenty years past i hot indeed until this last summer, when the king's staff used it as head quarters. ' Reykjavik contains about 17,000 inhabitants, and is mainly com posed of comfortable frame houses, roofed with slate, and surrounded by little gardens in . which are cultivated potatoes, cabbage and other common garden vegetables. None of the cereals, not even barley and oats, will ripen, though it is said they were grown there in former, times. . Tn.e fruits mentioned in the ancient Sagas have wholly disap peared, if we exoept the low-stunted birch, and . willow . bushes, which, how ever, are not found near the coast. The timber needed, even for the small farm houses of the interior, is brought from Norway. .! Yet the bush supplies a suffi ciency of fuel in - those places, while near the ooast, as at Reykjavik, peat alone, 'of which there are exhaustless beds, is the only fuel; except occasional supplies of English coal. ; The present aspect of the island is ' that of a forest less girdle of green, inclosing a volcan ic desert,' and inhabited . by about 70, 000 people. This girdle is in places but a few miles .wide, but in others it extends for : a considerable . distance up the valleys, such as those, for instance, through which flow the Heita (white) and Thorso rivers. In the valley of the former are' found the geysers, , long famed as the most remarkable spouting springs known in the world, until Prof. Hayden's recent discoveries in the Yel lowstone1 region.--.Dn Hayes. ' ,j; . : A,t RESER VED , SEA T. .... The advantage,, that a married man has, over.'., a . bachelor, is illustrated by this little story. which, the Newport (R. L) ew tells i j)," A married lady went to the Opera-House last Thursday even ing, as soon, aa the dopra were opened, and took with her ; an old , hat of her husband. , . Selecting two of the best seats , in ;. the bouse; she put herself in one. of . them and , the hat in the other, and waited for her husband. Of course everybody thought,1 that the seat had been regularly' taken and vacated for a moment,,, s v they: let it; and the hat alone,. About 8 o'clock the fortunate husband of the patient and' enterpris ing wife came in and took the seat that had been kept for him." BONE-PICKING IN KAA8AS. The Topeka (Kan.) correspondent of the New York Tribune writes : "Bone picking," as we term it out here on the selvage of civilization, is a regular in dustrial pursuit, involving the collec tion, assortment and sale of the skele tons of defunct buffaloes. These skele tons are plentifully ' scattered over the uncultivated western art a of Kansas, and parties of half a dozen or more, with wagons, go in search of them and bring them ia to the railroad stations for shipment East. These skeleton searching parties are called " outfits," and henoe the phrase " bone-picking outfit." The extent , of this singular pursuit is really surprising There are hundreds of men engaged in it, and all the border railroad towns have bone middlemen who make a business of buying and shipping the gatherings of the "pickers." You would hardly be lieve it, but the books of the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Pe railroad show it to be a stubborn fact, , that ton to i twenty tons of buffala bones are ship ped over that line alone every day. The bones are worth, delivered at the rail way station, . an average of $5 a ton. The bulk of them is sold for fertilizing purposes in the soil-enfeebled districts c f the Eastern and Middle States, Phila delphia being the principal point of consignment. Certain portions of. the buffalo skeleton, however, are adapted to nobler uses than the invigoration of worn-out earth, and are sold at a hand some price to the manufacturers of but tons, combs, and knife-handles. At al most every frontier railroad 'depot one can see great piles of these queer re mains of the bounding bison awaiting shipment; and the variations of the value of bones are of more interest to the people than the fluctuations of the grain markets. In assorting for market, strange discoveries are sometimes made. It is no uncommon thing, for instance, to find Indian skulls, legs and arms ; and in some cases the skulls and verte bras of women and children have been picked up. These latter are usually tossed aside in a rude sort of reverence for the helpless and innocent ; but no such respect is paid to the bones of the Indian. An T"'t" skull is said to be worth a dollar and a quarter for combs, and the Indian thigh makes knife- 1 -11 - AT i 1 X T 1 1 Ji ti nantues ulluu are ueuutuui uj ueuuiu. OCEAN SMUGGLING. The Commissioner of Customs, in his report to the Seoretary of the Treasury, presents some figures regarding the amount of goods brought into this country by tourists without payment of duty. The Commissioner says : "It is estimated the American tourists return ing from Europe during the year ending June 30, 1873, numbered 36,830, and each person brought on an average seven trunks filled with dutiable goods, claim ed to be persona), baggage, not dutiable. We have thus an average of 257,810 trunks filled with articles claimed as duty free, representing, on a valuation of $500 on each trunk, - the enormous sum of $128,905,000." Much of this merchandise, it is further said, is in re ality intended to be put upon the market as merchandise, and still other portions of it are brought over for third parties, who have remained at home. This abuse the mildest wod which can be used with reference to it has sprung up, it would appear from the report, both from a defect of the law and from a axity on the part of the customs officers. The Commissioner suggests that many of the difficulties with respect to pas sengers' baggage might be avoided by the passage of a law limiting the value to be brought in by any one person to a specified sum. GYP SIT IN TBE WOOVS." a England Gypsies first appeared near the end of the fifteenth century, roaming about in bands, and encamp ing by roadsides and in lonely places. The women told fortunes, as they do now; and as they are now, the men were tinkers, basket-makers and braziers. Soon it was observed that the presence of a gypsy tribe caused a murrain among pigs; the poultry-yards were thinned, horses disappeared, and after the fortune-teller had left the house small articles of value were apt to be missed. It was suspected, too, in" the time of Elizabeth, that they harbored Roman Catholic priests, and for. some years a great and terrible persecution was carried on against them. The per secution has long ceased, but the man ners of the people have hot changed ; they roam still from place to place, they live in , tents, .they , speak their own tongue, they obey no laws, the women still tell fortunes, the men still make baskets. They ae harmless and gentle enough as a rule ; they do not inter marry with the- outer world, and they scorn to be confounded with vagabonds and hawkers, whose , evil doings have been but too often set down to their ac count. ' Lo is brought under review by Secre tary Delano in his annual report, and classified as follows: ....,.-...,, Untamed savages, one-third ; contem plating civilization, but not undertaking it, one-quarter ; in possession of allotted lands, and fully on the road to civiliz ation, three-eighths ; mere . vagrants, one-twentieth. '; "' Out of 26O,00Ox Indians, but 10,000 are now considered as hostile. The pow er of these has' been so! completely bro ken that the Secretary expresses a doubt as to any portion of .them ever again taking the war-path. "The campaign of the past summer has been the most vig orous and successful :ever prosecuted against the men of hair by the govern ment. . ; , . v. . - ' Thk Mennonites in Kansas have dis covered a deposit of coal on their land, fifteen feet below the surface. Foreign Demand for American Ma- jf--... ,.fS.. ;A chiflery. ' if The improvement in American ma chinery within the past few years has been so great that large quantities of it have been exported to foreign countries. This is true chiefly of machines adapted to the reproduction of certain forms ; automatic machines which are intended to make interchangeable work, as in sewing machines, pistols, guns, and similar articles. The American milling machines, and the . system of nulling metals into shape, are now used in all great foreign armories and workshops, and it needs nothing but acquaintance with the excellence of these engines oi industrv to account for the fact. We do not refer to tne exportation oi mowing macBines, steam engines ana boilers,- or any article wnion we nave soecial facilities to make, but particu larly to tools which have a national reputation, and which are known in the markets of the world as American tools. Of these the universal scroll chuck, is a familiar example. This is an apparatus for holding a round object in a lathe exactly central with the spindle, so that it is adjusted at once without loss of time. This tool is indispensable in every machine shop, and is largely manufactured in this country and much appreciated abroad. Tbe twist drill is anotner purely American tool. It is simply a round steel bar, cut like a common auger, with edges suitable for boring metals. It ranges in size from a fine needle to three inches in diameter. One establish ment in this country has ' gradually absorbed- the. entire interest of 'others. and has a steady foreign demand for all its wares. A machine firm in Connect icut, which, from very modest begin nings ten or twelve years since, has built up an enormous trade, nas . ex ported in tbe last three years over $1,250,000 worth of gun, pistol, and sewing maonine tools. . These men nave stocked several foreign armories with automatic machines on the American principle, and they are as well known in European markets as they are at home. We might point also to the locomotive engine makers at Paterson and Philadelphia, whose reputation is world-wide. The performance of Amer ican engines abroad has been so satis factory, compared with those of local builders, as to Be cure large contracts, and an order for locomotives to burn anthracite coal, is now being filled at Paterson for the Russian government. The demand for American machines in foreign markets has been created solely by reason of the intrinsic merit of the articles. New York Sun. An Elegant Apartment. A San Francisco paper, describing the recent sharon-Newlands Wedding. gives the following picture of the bridal chamber in the Sharon mansion: " The bridal chamber is one ' of the cosiest and sunniest in the entire mansion, From the windows, the Potrero. the bay as far as Alviso, and the green hills beyond Oakland above which 'towers the blue summit of Mount Diablo are distinctly visible. A light-hued mo quette carpet, of fanciful pattern, with a still more fanciful border, covers the floor. ' The curtains are of delicate drab satin, lined with blue, and, have a broad brocade border brightened by garlands of many-colored flowers. Every important piece of furniture in the room is of white holly an English wood rarely found in America trim med -. with mahogany and relieved by flowers in sprigs and loops, the colors of which are laid on with j the finest artistic skill. The lounge and chairs are of solid rose-wood, upholstered in drab satin. A fire place, with mantel of tbe purest statue marble, surmount ed by a gilded mirror reaching to the ceiling, gives an appearance at once homelike and elegant. The ornaments of the bedstead are extremely elaborate. Besides the sprays, festoons, knots and bouquets of flowers which would almost deceive the eye of the casual observer as to their reality, there are pieces of costly carvings. A Sorrento work-table, Eainted and inlaid, and having drawers alf way down curiously ornamented with silk fringe and tassels, is one of the most remarkable objects. A carved Christ upon the rood indicates the per vading presence of a fair devotee. Glove, handkerchief and jewel boxes, in box-plaited blue satin and rare mate rials, and perfumery bottles of cut glass clear as crystal, lie in confusion about the dressing glass. The bureau' and commode are topped with malachite and lined with polished zebra wood. Something of the expense of furnish ing so elegant an apartment as this may be inferred by the reader when he is informed that a single" yard of the brocade border of the priceless curtains cost twenty dollars." w Marriage Statistics. . ' According to the last census of the population of England and Wales, out of nearly , 23, 000, 000 about 13,500,060 are single, the number, of unmarried males and females being almost equal ; but of these, 8,000,000, or more than two-thirds, are under 15 : lor. if the pe riod is extended to 20 years, another 2, 000,000 are added, leaving the number unmarried above 20 years of age at only three millions and a half, or scarcely one-seventh of the whole population. The remainder of the population have been married, and are either husbands and wives Or widowers and widows. At the taking of the census there were 3,883,363 husbands ' and 3,948,527 wives : the! difference between the fig ures being caused by the absence from tne country oi 65.000 of , the husbands. Of the husbands 5,951 were under 20 years of age (including also those un der 15) ; 219,197 bet w sen 20 and 25 ; 502,846 between 25 and 30 ; 559,537 be tween SO 'and 85; 524,427 between 35 and 40 : 492,120 between 40 and 45 ; 426,872 between 45 and 50. The num bers then gradually decrease, until be tween 80 and 85, there are only 14,392. In the next five years the number is 3,318, but between 90 and 95 there are 50 in the next period 86, and above a hundred 5 are returned. The ages of the wives form a striking contrast. In the first period, between 15 and 20, there are s 84573, nearly six; times the number of husbands at that period of age ; in the next period, 20 to 25, there are about 140,000 more wives than hus bands, after which the figures approach each other gradually, the last period at which the wives are in excess of the husbands being 25 to 40, where they are 12,000 above. In the next pe riod the " results are different and , the husbands of 40 to 45 are 7,000 in excess of the wives. The proportion increases with age, and from 80 and upwards, the number of husbands is double that of the wives. '.-, ' A bonnet to match the dress is bo universal, that a costume seems inoom- Elete and ineffective without it. Seal rown and invisible green are the colors milliners have most call for ; tnere are also stone grays, plum-color, grayish blue and pure dark blue without any purple in it. Physique of the Royalty of Europe. By all the laws of the physiologists the royal caste, which intermarries much, which is bred unavoidably in luxury, and which is at least as disso lute as an aristocratic group, ought to- be losing its physical vitality, but it is not losing it at all. rne sovereigns actual or potential6LJEai would make a formidable squadron of dra goons. The 'EmporrW JGermanyie perhaps "the finest "man physically who has reigned wteee'OnartemagneT' Any (Joionel in the guards would accept ms son as a most hopeful recruit. His nephew, the Red Prinoe, is as formida ble a hussar as ever rode. The Em peror of Austria is as stately of presence as an ideal king. The eldest Wittle bach is a wild riaer, who delights in furious midnight galloping. The Prince ef Waleswhose pedigree stretches, if not to Odin, far past Egbert, rides as straight touLounds as a profes sional whip.! The-King of Italy, the coronet of whose ancestors was closed before Charlemagne died, is a success ful chamois hunter, a good cavalry officer, and a man for whom danger has an actual charm. Bis eldest son is as strong as himself ; and his younger son, Amadeo, a man of reckless personal gal lantry, r The eldest Romanoff is almost gigantic, and endures uncomplainingly fatigues which trythe constitutions of his aids-de-camp. .The Bourbons seem more worn, but one "of them, the Due d'Aumale, is the very type of the culti vated out oversteriMUlenerai : Don Car los' soldier brotherfs a Murat ; a third, the Comte d'Eu, is. believed in Brazil to be a General of unusual capacity ; and a fourth servedr with distinction throughout the Fraaco-German war. a ' Rats on Beard of Ship. "Rats crreatlv infant shins, and are bv them carried to evay part of the world. So industriously do- they jmake homes for themselves in tbe nuarmons cran nies and corners in- the hall of a ship that it is almost impossible to get rid oi mem. omps ia&& out rats as well as passengers and cago every voyage; whether the formerremam m the ship when in port is best known to them selves. When the East India Company had ships of their .own theyemployed a rat-catcher, who sometimes captured five hundred rats ii one ship just re turned from Calcutta. Thesbip rat is often -the black species. Sometimes black and brown inhabit the same ves sel, and, unless theyarryjp perpetual hostilities, the one part will keep to th head of the vessel and the ether to the stern. The ship-rat is very aaxious that his supply of freshwater shall not fail";, he will come on decjc when itrains, and. climb up the wet sails to ? suck them. Sometimes he mistalQBs a spirit cask for a water cask, and gets drunk. . A cap tain of an America, merchant ship ia credited (or discredited) with an ingen ious bit of sharp practice of a means of clearing, his ship from rats. Having: discharged cargo afa port in Holland, he found ''his ship frr juxtaposition to another which had st takeMtn a cargo of Dutch cheeses. 31e laidj plank at night from one vessel to the ether ; the rats, tempted by the odor, trooped along the plank, aiidbegan their feast. He took care that thaplankahould not be there to serve them as a pathway back again ; and so- the eheese-laden ship had a cruel addition to its outward cargo. All the Year Hound. . Politics of Governors and Legislatures.. The asterisk () denotes Governors and Legislatures elect Republicans in roman, Democrats fJX BMAiia-CArs, and Independents in itaiio. The Legisla tures of California, Illinois and Oregon are classed as Independent, because the Independents hold in them a, controlling, balance of power. t State, Gmcmor. ' Leaixiature. Alabama .......... .'Geo. 8, H(TOTOa . . . . . Bern. Arkansas .....Aoa. H. 9akukil. . . . California . '. Sewtoti Moolh. ... '. .uem. . Ind. .Dem. Bern. Dem. Dem. .Ind. Dem. ..Rep. ..Rep. .Dem. Dem. Connecticut Char. BV4ngkxou..... Delaware. ..... JL. .'John P. Cochu i. ... Florida: ........ . . .Maroellus X. 8tearn. . . . Georgia. ......... . . JamekJJSmith. 2i . . . Illinois Junn 1 if-veridge . . Indiana. Thob. a HendricCT. . . . Iowa C7ra C. Warranter t." -r- l. .... . T . Kentucky IjouiHi&iia Maine. ....... , .1.11 r-Afl . . . . 1UU1UH A. UBUUril, Pbkston H. Leu lie.... WlllianrPttt Keltefa.. JNelson Dmgiey, sv.. .Rep. .Dem. .Rep. .'Rep. .Rep. . .Rep. Dem. .'Rep. .'Rep. . . Dem. ' Dem. .Dem. ,Dem. ..Dem. ...Ind. Dem. .SRep. .Rep. .Dem. Maryland. . , i. 5. James Bbooik.. Massachusetts Michigan Minnesota. . . . .VlIXUM OasTOH. ....John J.BaRley..'V.... , .... Canhman- X. Davis . . . . Adelbert Aciei......,, . . ..'Chad. HHabdih.-i .'.',. "Silas number . . . .L. K. Bmmxt. . Mississippi.... Missouri-. j. . . WeorasKa.'... . Nevada. New Hampshire.... James AWertoh.p... New Jersey 'Joseph 1). BEDLE.Fr?.. . New York SimoilJ. Tiijdejj. . . North Carolina Curtis H. Eroeden ... . Ohio...... WiLmii4LL!i Oregon....... .-...Lataybsmj F. Groves... Pennsylvania .. .... Jaua i-L.-iaartra.nft . . Rhode Island " ' Rtnra Mm Bhode Island South Carolina Tennessee Texas Vermont...... Virginia.. West Virginia. Wisconsin ..wi'Daniel HV Chamberlain . . . .'Jab. D. FtoKTEB. J. . . . .. luCHARD CO EX. ..Dem. Aaahel recJL Rep. ... Dem ...Dem. ....Rer .' . . James L. Kempek. . . ...John J. Jacob ... W Uliam JR Taylor BECAprrrijrnoif. Governors. Republican Democrat , Independent.... . I - Legislatures. ...lsjBefrablican. .. ...20 Democrat .1. 3lBeMndenrV .13 Canine Sagacity. ' Michael Conley, the sewloontrac tor, ia the possessor of four greyhounds, which- were the othes morning the means of saving a man's life, display ing a remarkable degree" of sagacity in the operation. Felix Prior and: James Carroll were at work in an excavation about seven feet deep ; but about 9:30 o'clock Carroll went a way fOtT some thing, leaving Prior in the excavation alone, and while the latter was at work . the banks caved in, completely .cover ing him up. The dogs happened to be near by, and ail four of .them, taking in the unfortunate, man's- situation, at once began to scratchraway the dirt from over his head viferously, at the same time yelping to "attract the atten tion of the neighbors,. Mr. Conley, who was the first to arrive upon the scene; drove his dogs -away, but they returned and began to dig. and yelp strain. He then began: 6. dip- also, as did some of the neighbors who had been attracted to the snet bv the cries of the hounds, and it was not long be fore the head of the buxied man, who was standing up, was reached, and- he was permitted once mojc&lo breathe the air, which; had he been deprived of it a few moments longer, be, never would have breathed again. He was taken from tne sewer unnarmets, rescued from horrible fate thronghSthe - sagacity of a quartet of doas.-East Green. wich (R. J.) Ijetter. The London .PublUJiera' Circular- says : "aitors win is required to be six men instead of fees soon, a kind of double Cerberus. Here before us ia an advertisement ior oneTwho is to be thus gifted r 11 A thoroughly good managing editor. 2. Avetbatim short hand reporter. 3. A good descriptive reporter. 4. A thoroughly sound ac countant. : 5. An-i experienced sub-editor, and, (6) we preauroof when things are a little pushed, a ne$ compositor and a vigorous pressman? If this gen tleman is to be" met with, and is a -sound classic and mathematician, and knows several languages as well, he must have made good use of his time.