L.A. BAHB AVX lAMBlilAS. 11 Y T. B. AMU!OH. I think that was the play ; The bonse was packed from pit to dome W.th the Kallaut and the Ray, Who hail to come to see the Tragedy, And while the hours away. There was the ruined ppondtiirift. And beauty in her prime; There was th.- brave Historian, And there the man of llhynio, And the surly Critic, front Co front. To see the play of crime. A mf there was pompous Tgnoranc.. And Vice in flowers and lace ; , Bir Orceeus and Sir Pandarus, And the music played apace. But of all that crowd 1 only , aw A (ioglej single face' That of a girl whom I had k own In the u nimers long ago, When her breath was like the new-mown hay. Or the sweetest flowers that grow ; W hen her heart was light and her sonl was whi'e As the winter's driven snow. And there she sat with her great browu eye ; They wore a troubled look ; And I read the history of her life Ah it were an open book ; And saw her soul, like a slimy thing In the bottom of brook. There she sat in her runtiing silk. With diamonds her wrist. And cn her 1-row a gleaming thread Of pearl and amethyst. ' A ch,-at. a gilded grief ! " I said. And my eyes were lined with mist. I could not see the players play ; 1 hrl the music moan ; It moaned '.ike a dismal autumn wind, That dies :n the woods alone. And when it stopped I heard it still The mournful monotone! What if the Count were true or false? 1 did not care, not 1; What if Caniillefor Armand died? 1 t?nl not f e her die. Then sat a woman opposite With pitt ous Up and eye ! The great irreen curtain fell on all On laupb, and ine, and woe Jest as Death someday will fall Twixt us and life, I know! Tov- play was done, the bitter play, The pei i ie turned to go. An i did they see the Tragedy? They saw t he painted scene ; They saw Armand, te jealons fool, And the sick Parisian Queen ; But they did not 6ee the Tiageoy The one 1 saw, I mean. They did not see that cold-cut face, 't'nat furtive look of care ; Or. seeing her jewels, only said. The lady's rich and fair." But 1 tell ;ou, 'twas the play of life. And that woman played Despair ! WONDERS OF MAGIC. So eminent a scientist as Prof. Alfred H. Wallace has written several elabor ate articles in an English periodical in snpport of the claim that the physical phenomenon called spiritualistic is pro duced by spirits which once inhabited human bodies. Many marvelous things are reported almost daily of this spirit manifestation. A few years ago noth ing more startling than raps and table tipping was produced, but now we are asked to believe, not only tbat mediums like Home elongate their bodies from 6 to 11 feet, carry red-hot coals in their hands without injury, and float visibly in the air, but that the " spirits" can " materialize " themselves so as to be come the solid flesh and bone that they were in this life. Nay, more : Col. Olcott, a clear-headed pratical lawyer and a gentleman of unimpeachable veracity, who is at Chittenden, Vt., in vestigating the alleged phenomena pro duced by the Eddy mediums, tele srraphs to New York m triumph that he has succeeded in catching one of the spirits a female one, aud weighing her on Fairbanks' scales. PROFESSIONAL MAGICIANS. Now, all this from Messrs. "Wallace, Crooks and V-arley, from Col. Olcott, from Philadelphia, from Moravia, New York, and other places haunted by ma terialized spirits, and from persons who have sat with Slade, Foster and Mans tield, is very wonderful; but is it con clusive proof that the claims of Spirit ualism are right ? What if it can be shown that phenomeua quite as extraor dinary have been produced by pro fessional jugglers, men who have made no pretense that they were assisted by occult powers, and who have even ex plained the mechanism of their tricks ? If this can be done, the inference must necessarily follow either that the Spirit ualistic mediums are cuuning impostors, or that the professional necromancers are liars when they declare that their phenomena are mere trickery, and that they are really assisted by supermun dane agents. All history is full of the deceptions practiced either by these professional characters ?r others who pretended to supernatural powers, and were subsequently exposed as charla tans. Jugglery was allied to the an cient religions of the Greeks, Romans. Egyptians and Chaldeans. Hellas had its oracle, with its cunning priesthood ; Borne its augurs and diviners, and Chaldee its world -renowned magicians. In the dark ages of Europe there were enchanters, sorcerers and astrologers, and, a little later, witches, who had to have their con jury burned and drowned out of them. The Thaumaturgists and Rosicrucians pretended to magical pow ers. There is not an age in the world's re corded past, hardly a year even, that some preslidigitateur has not figured on the scene, either an a court, append age, a religious leader, or abactor per forming for the amusement of the popu lace. Liet he Davenport Brothers or Dr. Slade do more than is related here, and then they will have a right to ask us to consider if the phenomena they show are the work of ' spirits." One of the most remarkable exhibi tions of clever jugglery is mentioned in Salverte's "Philosophy of Magic," (London, 1846, vol. 1, page 105). It was seen at Nancy, in France, in 1829. A man from the audience was induced to he down on the stage, and the magi- cian deliberately chopped off his head. He displayed the severed head to the audience so that they could recognize the features ; he permitted them to - touch it, to open the mouth, which shut again of its own accord, and to examine the bleeding section of the neck at the extremity of the trunk. He removed the body and withdrew a curtain, and almost immediately the supposed dead man appeared in perfect health. Sal verte Bays that the beheading trick wan performed by the Mohamedans, and that iElian is authority for the state ment that Esculapius apparently re united the heart of a woman to her corpse and restored her to life and health. According to Mr. Godwin, in his History of the Necromancers," it was a common practice at the time he wrote (fifty years ago) for jugglers in the market-places of the English towns to make the scales of a balance move at command, alternately ascending and descending. Much stress has been laid by the ad vocates of Spiritualism upon the ability of the medium Home to handle live coals without injury or leaving a scar. He has been seen to put red-hot coals on his head, and the hair was not singed. The "fire ordeal" is a very old and -familiar one to necromancers. One of the most ancient feats of magic was the art of breathing flame. During the in surrection of the slaves in Sicily in the second century before Christ, a Syrian named Eunus acquired by his knowl edge the rank of their leader. In order to establish his influence over their minds, he pretended to possess miracu lous power. When he wished to in spire his followers with courage, he breathed flames or sparks among them from his mouth. At the same time he was rousing them by his eloquence. St. Jerome informs us that the Rabbi Burchochebas, who headed the Jews in their last revolt against tha Emperor Adrian, made them believe that he was the Messiah by vomiting flames from his mouth. And, at a later period, the Emperor Constantius was thrown into a state of alarm when Valentinian in formed him that he had seen one of the body-guard breathing out fire and flames. Sir David Brewster, who quotes these instances in his interesting " Let ters on Natural Magic," was not able to explain the exact methods by which these effects were produced ; but he said .Floras informs us that Eunus filled a perforated nut-shell with sul phur and fire, and, having concealed it in his mouth, he breathed gently through it while he was speaking. This act is performed mere simply by the modern jugglers. Having rolled to gether some flax or hemp so as to form a ball the size of a walnut, he sets it on fire and allows it to burn till it is nearly consumed. He then rolled round it while burning some additional flax, and by these means the fire may be retained for a considerable time. At the com mencement of his exhibition he intro duces the ball into his mouth, and while he breathes through it the nre is re vived and a number of burning sparks are projected from his mouth. - The sparks are too feeble to do any harm, provided he inhales the air through his nostrils. The kindred art of walking on burning eoals or red-hot iron be longs to the same antiquity. The priestesses of Diana at Castabula, in Cappadocia, were accustomed, accord ing to Strabo, to walk over burning coals ; and, at the annual festival which was held in the temple of Apollo at Mount Soracte, in Etruria, the Hirpi marched over burning coals, and on this account they were exempt from military service, and received other privileges from the Roman Senate. This power of resisting fire was ascribed even by Varro to the use of some liniment with which they anointed the soles of their feet. Of the same character was the art of holding red-hot iron in the hands or between the teeth, and of plunging the hands into boiling-water or melted lead. About the close of the seven teenth century, an Englishman named Richardson rendered himself famous by j chewing burning coals, pouring melted lead upon his tongue, and swallowing melted glass. Brewster says that these effects are produced partly by decep tion and partly by a previous prepara tion of the parts subjected to the heat. The fusible metal, composed of mercu ry, tin and bismuth, which melts at a low temperature, might easily have been snbstituted in place of lead, aud fluids of easy ebullition may have been used in place of boiling water. But, though the conjurers by fire may have availed themselves of these singu lar properties of individual bodies, yet the general secret of their art consisted in rendering the skin of the exposed parts callous and insensible to heat, an effect which may be produced by continually compressing or singeing them till the skin acquires a horny con- sistence One of the most adroit jugglers of the present age was Robert Houdin, a Frenchman, who for many years gave fashionable entertainments in Paris. Houdin wrote his autobiography, and related many curious feats performed by him in tha course of his professional career. On one occasion he was invited to display his art before King Louis Philippe and his court at the chateau of St. Cloud. Houdin invented a trick especially for this royal and noble as semblage, and received unbounded ap plause for his success. He borrowed from the King and his courtiers six handkerchiefs, which he made into a parcel and laid on the table. Then, at his request, different persons wrote on cards the names of the places whither they desired their handkerchiefs to be invisibly transported. When this was done he begged the King to take three of the cards at hazard, and choose from the place he might consider the most suitable. " Let me see," said Louis Philippe, " what this one says : ' I desire the handkerchiefs to be found beneath one of the candelabra on the mantelpiece.' Ah ! tiiat is too easy for a sorcerer, so we will pass on to the next card : ' The handkerchiefs are to be transported to the dome of the In valides.' That would suit us, but it is much too far not far the handkerchiefs, but for us. Ah ! ah !" the King added, as he looked at the last card, "I am afraid, Monsieur Robert Houdin, I am about to embarrass you. Do you know what this card proposes ?" Houdin, with a respectful bow, declared that he did not. "Well," responded his Ma jesty, "it is desired that you send the handkerchiefs to a spot beneath the roots of the last orange-tree on the right of the Avenue of St. Cloud." Houdin affected the utmost noncha lance. " Only that, sire," he said. " Deign to order, and I will obey." The King gave certain directions in a low voice, and immediately a number of his attendants hurried off to the orange tree to watch it. He then said, " I se lect the orange -tre e. " Houdin's first business now was to send the handker chiefs on their travels. So he placed them beneath a bell of opaque glass, and, taking his wand, ordered them to fly to the spot the King had chosen. He raised the bell, the little parcel was no longer there, and a white dove had taken its place. The King then walked quickly to the door, whence he looked in the direction of the orange-tree to assure himself that the guards were there, and, when this was done, he be gan to smile and shrug his shoulders. "Ah! Monsieur Robert Houdin," he said, ironically, " I fear much for the virtue of your magic staff." Then he added, as he returned to the end of the room where several servants were stand ing. "Tell William to dig immediate ly below the last tree at the end of the avenue, and bring me carefully what he finds there if he does find anything. " The attendant proceeded to the orange tree. The earth at the side of the tree was carefully removed, and down among the roots, after much groping, a small iron box eaten with rust was found. It bore every appearance of having been in the ground for many years. This carious "find" was cleansed from its mold and brought in and placed by the side of the King. The greatest excitement and impatience prevailed on all sides. Houdin brought, ferched on his finger, the dove to the ling, and around its neck his Majesty discovered a little rusty key. At the desire of the conjuror he unloosed it and opened the box. The first object that met his eye was a time-discolored piece of parchment, upon which he read : " This day, the 6th June, 1786, this iron box, containing six handker chiefs, was placed among the roots of an orange-tree by me, Balsamo, Count of Cagliostro, to serve in performing an act of magic, which will be executed on the same day sixty years hence, befoi e liouis Philippe of Orleans and his family." ' There is certainly witchcraft about this," cried the King, and then he looked again, and found in the bot tom of the box a parcel sealed with the well-known seal of the famous Cagli ostro. He broke it and opened the par cel, and there were the six handkerchiefs which but five minutes before were ly ing on the conjurer's table. Was not this trick as remarkable as the produc ing of "Katie King" from a dark cabinet ? Houdin was employed by the French government to go to Algeria on a novel mission. The Marabout priests exer cised great influence over the natives, because they were able to perform cer tain feats of jugglery, which they pre tended proved their divine power. These Marabouts were enemies of the French, and encouraged turbulence among the Arabs. The government thought that it might bo a good stroke of policy to send Houdin through the colony performing his miracles, and de monstrating to the natives that a French sorcerer was greater than an Arab sorcerer. Accordingly Houdin appeared before large audiences, be ginning in the city of Algeria. At "cthe first of these performances he intro duced a box which became heavy or light at his order. This box 'was brought by him to the footlights, and, while holding it in his hands, he de clared to his hearers that he possessed the power to deprive the most powerful man of his strength and restore it at will. He invited any one who thought himself strong enough to come on the stae. An Arab of middle height, but well built and muscular, came to his side with great assurance. ' Are you strong ?" asked Houdin, measuring him from head to foot. " Oh, yes," he re plied, carelessly. " Are you sure that you will always remain so?" "Quite sure." "You are mistaken," said Hou din, " for in an instant 1 will rob you of your strength, and you shall become as a little child." The- Arab smiled disdainfully. Houdin told him to lift the box. He stooped and lifted it without any effort, and said, coldly, " Is that all?" With an imposing gesture i Houdin solemnly pronounced the words, " Behold, you are weaker than a woman ; ; now lift the box. " The young Hercules I grabbed the box quite confidently, but, ! to his amazement, it would not budge. He attacked it vigorously over and over again, while his countrymen sat look ins on in silent wonder, but it resisted. He vainly expended on this box a strenglh which would have raised an enormous weight, until at length, pant ing, exhausted, and red with anger, he buried his face in his burnous and re- tired from the stage. Houdin does not explain the secret of this strange trick : by which he made bodies heavy or light at will, and without apparently touch j ing them, but it' was a favorite of his, j and often exhibited to his fashionable Parisian audiences. At the same exhibition in Algeria, of which we have written, Houdin invited one of the audience to come on the i stage. A young Moor, about 20 years ! of age, tall, well-built, and richly i dressed, advanced. There was a plain i table on the stage (the space between i the top and the floor being unmistak- ably open), which Houdin asked him to mount. When he did so Houdin cov- I ered him with an immense cloth cone, ! and, instantly removing it, the Moor was gone. This trick produced a panic ; in the audience. Screaming, " It is the ! Evil One !" they clambered over the : benches in wild terror, and rushed out the door into the street, where, in the public place, rubbing his eyes in stupe faction and wondering bow he got there, they found the young Moor. While in the interior, Houdin gave an open-air exhibition to the wild sons of the desert. He pretended that he was invulnerable, and offered to let a Mara bout shoot at him. There was a great i crowd, and a vindictive-looking fellow i came out from it and claimed to have ; the honor of killing the hated French i man. The pistols were handed to Hon j din, who called attention to the fact that the vents were clear. The Mara ! bout put in a fair charge of powder, and drove the wad home. Among the bul lets produced Houdiu chose one which he openly put in the pistol, and it was also rammed down. By the same pro cess the second pistol was loaded. Everybody watched with the most pro found solemnity. Houdin posted him self fifteen paces from the Marabout without evincing the slightest emotion. The Marabout immediately seized one of the pistols, and, on Houdin's giving the signal, took a deliberate aim at him. The pistol went off, and the ball appeared between the magician's teeth. More angry than ever, the Marabout tried to seize the pistol. "You could not injure me," said Houdin, "but you shall see that my aim is more dangerous than yours. Look at that wall. " He pulled the trigger, and on the newly whitewashed wall appeared a large patch of blood exactly at the spot where he aimed. The Marabout went up to it, dip ped his finger in the blood, and raising it to his mouth convinced himself of the reality. When he acquired this cer tainty, his arms fell and his head bowed on hiB chest as if he were annihilated. It was evident that for the moment he doubted everything, even the Prophet This seemingly incomprehensible feat Houdin performed by means of pre pared balls. With a bullet-mold and a bit of wax mixed with lampblack he had manufactured a very fair imitation bullet. Another bullet of the same material he had filled with blood. Of course, it was by sleight of hand that he changed the bullets forced upon him by the Marabout and substituted his own. An old trick enabled him to get the real bullet between his teeth while the waxen one was shattered to pieces. So with the second ball, it was shat tered upon striking the wall, but a spot of blood was produced. If Houdin had not explained this part, it would be quite as wonderful to most people as the phenomena of Spiritualism, and could have been passed off as good evi dence of spirit agency. When William H. Seward made his tour around the world, he witnessed some performances of jugglers in India which were quits surprising. He saw a man climb a pole sixty feet high, standing in the open air, and, when he reached the top, he mysteriously dis appeared. After a while his feet re appeared, then his legs and body, and he came down. He claimed no super natural powers. How did he do it ? There was an Indian juggler who had a little den in the Bowery, in this city, a few years ago. He was a dirty fellow, and respectable people were not much disposed to venture into bis place. A gentleman told the writer that, moved by curiosity once, he went in. The j uggler made him sit on the floor. In a moment, two figures, apparently hu man, rose out of the floor, in obedience to the wand of the conjurer. They grew to the ordinary height of a human being. The visitor made a motion to rise, when the figures sank threugh the floor instantly. An examination of the place betrayed no visible solution of the ingenious performance. New York World. Tight Lacing. BY DR. J. H. HASAFOBD. It is presumed that lew will admit the habit of tight-lacing, while a still smaller number really understand the evils of such a habit. But that many, if not moBt, female forms in civilized society are contracted actually made smaller than nature intended cannot admit of a reasonable doubt. To be assured of this it is only necessary to examine the forms of the two sexes, remembering that, for obvious reasons, the female waist and chest should be relatively larger than those of the males. This is true at birth, as all physicians may easily learn. This general simi larity maybe observed in the "form" and the size of the chesi that of the girl slightly larger than that of the boy of the same weight and the same gen eral outline of body as they grow side by side, at least in early life. As the boy engages in his active sports, and breathes much of the pure air of heaven, kis lungs expand, his chest en larges, really improv ng in form as he approaches manhood. This results from the fact that the bones in early life are more cartilage than hardenep bone, and may be either enlarged or diminished. From birth to about ten years of age the girl's chest enlarges correspond ingly with the rest of her body, at least, if she is allowed the freedom demanded by the exuberance of her nature, while after that too often another transfor mation occurs which cannot be the re sult of accident, since, instead of an in crease in size of the waist, while the girl is still growing, this alone is diminished is as much smaller at the age oi eighteen or twenty, compared with its size at ten, as the body, as a whole, is larger ! This may seem a singular freak of nature, never seen in the brute creation, not even among those as the monkey family more nearly resembling man. (Darwin must have made a mis take. ) These prospective bones are so yielding in early life that even a very slight lorce is enougn to materially change the form of the chest, which in nature's mold increases in size from the arms downward, the "floating ribs" admitting of no little variableness of motion and form. A very slight pres sure on these jielding bones, moving with ease at one end, constantly exerted from day to day and from year to year during the formative period of human life, will produce very marked effects, just the reversal of nature's form, giv ing the "wasp-waist" or "hour-glass waist," placiug the apex of the cone downward instead of upward, under the arms, as it was intended, for manifest reasons. If these statements are not correct, it is a very easy matter to dis prove them by examination iind by a comparison of the sexes. Jjf true, it will not be difficult to see some of the evils resulting from such an unnatural custom, such an effort to improve on the Creator's plan of structure. -Let it be remembered that our strength, vigor and health are made dependent, largely, on the capacity of our lungs, which may be enlarged or diminished. Other things being equal, the larger the lungs the more power and health the individual, will possess. These lungs contain about 600,000,000 of air cells, in connection with which the blood, coming in contact with the in spired air, is purified, which purifica tion depends upon the purity of that air and its ample supply. If the lungs are reduced one-half in size, and have only one-half of their capacity, it is manifest that they can perform but one hjlf of their labor. If these air-cells are diminished in size, their walls brought in contact, and so kept till they adhere, of course just that number of them must be rendered useless for the remnant of life. This result is the necessary consequence of such lacing or contraction of the size of the chest, of necessity tending toward the produc tion of that dreaded and fatal disease of civilized life, consumption, known to be fearfully prevalent among females, and for manifest reasons, prominent among which is this contraction of the chest this crippling of the natural action of the lungs. While the air pure air vitalized by its natural per cent of oxygen is the natural and necessary nourishment for the lungs, as food is for the stomach, a deficient supply must of necessity impair their action and tend to destroy them. If they naturally contain one gallon of air, and their capacity is reduced by this con traction to one-half, it is manifest that there must be a corresponding injury sustained. If we would reduce the fearful fatal ity of consumption, and render our women more hardy and healthy, we must increase the size of the chests and lungs of those now deformed by this suicidal custom, and also allow the young to grow as it was intended by the Creator that they should grow, secur ing ample chests, capacious and healthy lungs. They should in early life be allowed more freedom with no fear that they will become " boys " should they use their muscles naturally in spiring copious volumes of this invigor ating air life-giving and an absolute necessity by day and by night. The fear of this " night air," so far as its purity is concerned, is simply foolish. It is damp and may demand extra clothing, but it is in no sense poison, only in certain malarious districts, etc., and must be breathed, if we breathe at all, at night. H poisoned air can be found at night, it is in our closed sleeping rooms often foul and poisonous in the extreme but not so when un confined. Nature demands more air, more sunlight, and more freedom. Chicago Ledger. Cards in Home Language. A gen tleman of our acquaintance found the other night, much to his surprise, that his wife knew something about draw poker. The way of it was this : The couple have two fine boy babies. See ing them asleep in the same bed the admiring father wondered if anybody had a better pair than that. The wife thought not. The husband then said, speaking in parables as he thought, " If we could draw three queens we would have a 'full that would be hard to beat. " And the lady promptly replied, " Excuse me, if you please ; we'll stand pa. on the pair we have." Paducah Kentuckian. Days a Month Long. Prof. Purser believes that the moon, in revolving around the earth and drawing the tides behind her, causes the latter to act as a brake on the revolution of the globe ; and he considers that it may be mathe matically shown that this action is slowly but surely checking the earth's speed of rotation, so that the days and nights are gradually lengthening. In a thousand million years or so, they may become each a month long. Current Paragraphs. Cuba has been bleeding six years. The Vendome column is finished. The oyster is "of age " at 7 years. Nearly 500 trains a day arrive and depart from St. Louis. Boston's August was the coldest for fifty years, barring 1836. The cotton crop, it is said, will amount to 3,700,000 bales. One hundred thousand men make a living out of the oyster trade. The books in the library belonging to the British Museum occupy twelve miles of shelving. An apple, said to be the largest ever ripened in the United States, has been picked in Nebraska. It weighs 21U ounces. A California newspaper tells rather a leathery story of a striped squirrel which was seen leading a blind rattle snake to his hole in the ground. The people of Omaha complain (with a little show of justice) that they are mentioned by outsiders as "Omahogs," " Omahosses, " and " Omahorribles." A woman in West Chester, Pa., re cently testified that during a profes sional career of nineteen years she had prepared for the toml i.ot fewer than 3,000 bodies. It is estimated that Kentucky dogs kill SIOO.UOO worth of Kentucky sheep t very year ; but what would a Kentucky hearth-stone be without ten dogs group ed around it ? A nice young gentleman has at tracted attention in the streets of St. Paul. He is 18 years old, seven feet high, four feet across the shoulders, and weighs oou pounds. A man and his wife, he 87 years old and she 95, were fined for drunkenness in Oakland, Cal. , the other day. Such people should be cared for until they come to years of discretion. Fairfield, Vt. , glories in an elm tree whose branches measure 1,05 feet across at the trunk. One of the limbs is 60 feet long, and four feet from the ground the tree is four feet through. Gen. Butler is considered one of the most methodical men living. He per sonally supervises and pigeon-holes every letter he receives, and dictates a reply to his phonographic secretary. Bishop WHiTEnousE disposes of S400, 000 by his will, of which 10,000 is in personal effects, 10,000 in books and pictures, 830,000 in real estate in Chi cago, and 8350,000 in real estate in Vir ginia. From the stomach of Capt. Otis Rog ers, of Marshfield, Mass., has been ex tracted an animal five inches long, which he thinks he swallowed while drinking from a pool in South Carolina during the war. The Supreme Court of New York has decided that Shanks, the city editor of the Tribune, was gailty of contempt in refusing to divulge the name of the au thor of an article entitled, " The Brook lyn RiDg Method." The late forest fires in New Jersey destroyed many thousands of mosqui toes, and the farmers are busy gathering the skeletons and reducing them to bone-dust for manuring purposes. Brooklyn Argus. Arpin, the younger, the famous French wrestler, has just died from the rupture of a blood vessel, caused while he was practicing with a weight of forty kilogrammes. He wrestled 1,013 times in public and was thrown only 67. In Harrisburgh, Virginia, a Mrs. Nancy Doughtery, age 70 years, has during the last year built herself a cab in, cleared 12 acres of land, and fenced it, and, using only a hoe, raised 200 bushels of corn, nonor to the free old Cimrtocr ! A rat's nest was recently discovered in a piano in the house of a lady living near Brighton, Eug. It contained five young ones. The old rat flew at the lady who made the discovery, and she was seized with a fit, and in the excitement oi the moment the rat escaped. The nest, with its contents, was secured. We raise annually here in the United States nearly 150,000,000 bushels of potatoes, representing a money value of about 8100,000,000 to the customers. As an article of food it has greater val ue to us than any other that we call root crop. Twenty-five per cent, of the weight of the potato is solid dry sub stance, and of this 62.5 per cent, is starch. A swimming match was recently ar ranged to take place at Eastbourne, Eng. , between a fisherman and a dog. The latter, when in the water, supposed his duty was to save the man's life, and persisted in his efforts to keep him afloat by thrnsting his head under the fisherman's chin, much to the disap pointment of those who had assembled to see the race. The coast of North America, for 1.700 miles from Virjrinia to the Mis sissippi, is fringed with pine barrens 130 miles wide, and when the trees are cut down for the exportation of their inflammable products from the port of Wilmington, Fines may spring again on the Seat of the bad soils ; but in gen eral the scrub oak is the succession plant. Towards the outfall of the river, where magnificent mixed forests of liquidamber, elm, ash, white and red oak, oherry, magnolia, mulberry and wild grape have been felled, and the land scorged by corn and cotton and then abandoned to nature, the pine anu scrub oak, trees of poor soils, have sprung up. But when the land was left unsoorged, the mixed forest again clothed the bare earth. Origin of Typhoid Fever. An English professor claims to have discovered a new cause of typhoid fever. A family in his neighborhood was attacked with a severe type of the disease, and, on a careful search of the premises, a spout in the pump was found to be covered with a sort of gelatinous matter. Submitting this to microscopic investigation, it was seen to be a fungoid growth, from which spores were constantly washed away by the flowing water. Following up this discovery by a minute examination of the outlet of the sewer through which the drainage of the town flowed, there were found fungoid growths of a simi lar nature to those in the pump spout. In the vicinity of this outlet the fever had also prevailed. Having cases of the fever in his own family, the pro fessor followed ' up his inquiry by a chemical analysis of the water drank, and found in it minute spores of the same fungus. His conclusion is, there fore, that the fever had its origin in the fungus matter taken into the system, where it ferments as yeast in beer, and poisons the blood. The Western Railroad Alliance. The full text of the celebrated com pact entered into at the meeting of rail road magnates at Saratoga last July was published for the first time in New York in the Graphic of October 20, and this publication furnishes the first opportunity to realize the full magni tude of this tremendous combination of hitherto antagonistic railroad interests. This combination is in brief a union by which twenty-three large railroads form ing a complete chain of communication between New York and Omaha bind themselves to adhere to uniform rates of tariff as fixed from time to time by seven commissioners selected from among the companies, and to indulge in no competition among themselves. The alliance thus formed is one of the most stupendous in its magnitude that has ever existed in this or any other country. The number of roads included is larger than that composing the entire railway system of many of the States of Europe, and the miles of railroad to be operated under its rules would be enough to stretch across the continent. To furnish some idea of the vaat ag gregation of capital which the great alliance represents the following table is presented, showing the actual paid up capital and outstanding bonds of the roads uniting in the compact : Atlantic and Great Western $110,r70,US7.43 C. O. and I. C 17,991,650.00 Lake Shore and Michigan Southern. . 8L,7ly,000.00 (1 reat Western, of Canada 37,015,78f!.4O Michigan Central 30,373,304.00 Detroit and Milwaukee y 640,230.00 Canada Southern 19,000,000.00 Toledo, Wabash aud Western 33,033,000.00 Indianapolis, Bloom ingt on aud West- eru 11,503,700.00 Indianapolis and 8t. Louis 3,'.S,H)0.oo Terre Haute and Indianapolis l.OHK 160 00 Ohio and Mississippi 34,5H'..b;Ht.ot) Illinois Central 32,j89 000.00 Pennsylvania Company V2.0O0,00O.0O Pittsburgh, Cincinnati and St. L'-uia. 23,444, 33o.y0 JetVersonviile, Madison and Indi anapolis ,SH8, 000.00 Cincinnati, Hamilton and Day ton 5,000,000.00 Chicago, Burlington aud Quincy 37.823,438.00 Chicago, Rock Island and Pacific 27,702,140.1X1 Chicago and Northwestern 61,485,583.82 Kvansville and CrawfordBville 2,220,416.12 Kvnnsvide, Terre liaute and Chicago, 1,174,573.23 Indianapolis, Peru and Chicago. . . Total $003,719, 2W3.99 This total of more than half a billion dollars represents the sinews of war with which this alliance offers battle to competing roads. New York Grajyhic. A Comedy of Errors. A foreigner is seated in his room por ing over a French and English diction ary. He is swamped in the intricacies of our language. He has rumpled his hair so much that it stands on end with perplexity. At last he gets an exercise book and asks for advice from his land lady, in broken English. The landlady, in her vain attempts to make him under stand, raises her voice to a high key, and then suddenly lowers it as the thought occurs to her that he is not deaf. Why do we raise our voices in such cases ? After several months' practice our friend translates into En glish the following sentences : " My dog is cold. My hat is wet. The dog's legs are weary, iieer is good. The Judge is happy." For more advanced lessons : " The little boy is full of cake. The long-tailed coat was made by a tailor. (He is puzzled here. He does not see how "tailed" can be the past tense of "tailor.") Is the haymaker well ? Have you seen my aunt's um brella ? Let us walk by the mill and look at the dammed water. " (Puzzled again. ) Our friend blundered at the break fast table next morning. He turned to a young lady next to him, and casually remarked, as if he were referring to the weather, " Have you seen my aunt's umbrella ?" The young lady looked surprised, and said she had not. He followed this ob servation with the remark, "The Judge is happy." Everybody laughed and looked at a little fat man who was serv ing soup. It was Judge Dox. Our foreigner was now so elated with satisfaction at his mastery of the En glish language that he said : Let us walk bv the mill and look at the dammed water." Again everybody laughed, and the little fat Judge snorted so much soup into the upper part of his head that he had a fit of coughing ten min utes long, and between his spasms of laughter he murmured something about a pun. Our friend, who was now the center of attraction, repeated all his ex ercises, much to the delight and good humor of everybody. New York Com mercial Advertiser. The Hay Fever. A correspondent of the Chicago later Occan writes as follows concerning the hay fever : " During the past week I fell a victim to that unpleasant disease called 'hay fever.' To my inquiries for a remedy, I everywhere met with the reply, " There is no remedy ; you will have to wait until the frost comes.' My symptoms were constant irritation of the nostrils, and discharges from them, accompanied by sneezing and coughing. My eyes, too, wept, and my head ached continually. I called in at" a drug store and obtained a prescription which ef fected a cure in a few hours. It was simply two grains of quinine dissolved in two ounces of water, shaken, and then used as a solution. It can be in jected into the nostrils, or a small quantity poured into the hollow of the hand and snuffed up into the nose. Any druggist can prepare the mixture. I write this simply for the benefit of the thousand individuals now sneezing throughout the city. The disease seems to be epidemic. Pestiferous ani malculse inhabiting the nose are sup posed to be the cause of the hay fever, and these the quinine kills." A Word About Marriage. A physician writes the following sensible advice : " My profession has thrown me among women of all classes, and my experience teaches me that God never gave man a greater proof of his love than to place woman here with him. My advice is : Go propose to the most sensible girl yon know. If she says yes, tell her how much your income is from what source derived and tell her you will divide the last shilling with her and love her with all your eart in the bargain. And then keep your promise. My word for it, she wLU live within your income, and to your last hour you will regret that you did not marry sooner. Gentlemen, don't worry about feminine extravagance and feminine untruth. Just you be true to her, love her sincerely, ' and tell her of it frequently, and a more fond, faithful, foolish slave you will never meet any where. You won't deserve her, I know, but she would never see it. Now throw aside pride and selfishness, and see what will become of it." Sticks Diffkr. A yardstick is very useful in a store ; a stick on the stage is of no good, nse whatever ; a stie; in a tumbler is sometimes in danger of making the sidewalk uneven to pedes trians ; stick of a husband or wife is apt to be much longer than is desired ; and a stickful of matter is the commonest thing read in newspapers. Infanticide by Opium. One of the best informed physicians of England, Dr. Mitchell, employed in the public health service, some time ago published a mass of testimony ob tained by him from numerous medical witnesses, showing the almost universal resort to opium, in order to benumb aud stupefy children, even those of the tenderest age ; a very common prepara tion for this purpose being a so-called cordial made of treacle and opium. So general, it appears, is the use of this mixture, that customers go to the apothecaries, and, without any hesita tion, ask for a dose of it " to give to the baby next day, as they are going out to work." Chemists frankly admit that they make and sell these opium decoc tions by the barrel and hogshead full. This baleful usage prevails not only in the colliery districts, bnt also in manu facturing and non-manufaotnring places; and it is stated by one physician that in the Nottingham, Derby and 'Leices ter districts the habit of administering opium to infants usually begins when the child is three or four weeks old. And still another witness asserts that the opium cordial is given on the very day of birth, being in readiness for that event. The inevitable result of this terrible custom is, of course, that great numbers of infants perish, either sud denly from an overdose, or, as more commonly happens, by slow, painful, insidious disease. Compared, there fore, with this form of infanticide, the kind practiced by the Chinese may be 1 said to be merciful. A Child Stranglcdjby a Cat. A strange occurrence took place a few mornings since ia the family of Mr. Doloway, engineer in Babcock, Fuller & Co. 's new hat factory, who occupies J. W. Canfield's house on Mulberry street, in this village. Mrs. Doloway is accustomed to leave her babe, a little girl four months old, on the bed up stairs while she does her morning's work in the basement, from where she could easily hear the least noise. On the morning in question she heard the little one crowing as usual, but finally noticed that the sounds ceased, and shortly after heard a strange gurgling noise. Supposing that the child had got its head under the bed-clothes and was suffocating, she ran up stairs to see about it, and found the house cat with its ncse in the child's month. The child was strangled black, and was fight ing feebly with her hands. She caught the child and shook it several times, when it caught its breath and came out all right. In a few moments more it would probably have been strangled to death. Mrs. Doloway had to pull the cat off the child, so eager was it to re main. It had a paw on either side of the child's head, and had its nose, pressed deeply into the child's mouth. The cat was instantly killed. Middle town (N. Y.) Mercury. Compulsory rules for sailing tracks across the Atlantic are held to be im practicable in England. From Maine to California millions of chil dren are wearing SILVEE-TIPPED Shoea. Why not ? They are the cheapest, and never wear through at the toe. Try them. For sale by all shoe dealers. Wishabt's Pine Tree Tar Cordial cures conghs, colds and consumption . Wis hart's Worm Sugar Drops banish worms completely. GaM Fifteen Ponnfls of Flesh. South Berwick, He., Jan. 17, 1672. H. B Stitiii, Esq. : Dear Sir I have nad Dyspepsia In Its wont fcv for the last ten years, and have taken hundrec lr dollars' worth of medic. ne without obtaining au relief. In September last I commenced talcing the Veoetinb. since which time my health has stead ily improved. My food digests well, and I have gained fifteen pounds of flesh. There are several others lu this place taking the Vuf.tinb, aud all have obtalued relief. Tours, truly, THOMAS E. MOORE, Overseer of the Card Boom, Portsmouth Co.'a Mini. DYSPEPSIA. SYMPTOMS "Want of appetite, rUiog of food and wind from the stomach, acidity of the stomach, heartburn, dryness and whiteness of tho tongue' in the inorninff, sense of distension in the stomach and bowels, sometimes rumbling and pain; cos ttveness, which is occasionally interrupted by diarrroea; paleness of tbe urine. The mouth is clammy, or has a sour or bitter taste. Other fre quent symptoms are waterbrash, palpitation of the heart, headache, and dts rders of the senses, as seeing double, ttc. There is geueral debility, ianguor, and aversion to motion; dejection of the spirits, disturbed sleep, and frightful dreams. FEEL MYSELF A NEW MAN. KaVlCK, Mass , June 1,1672. Mb. H. R. Stbvkits: Dear Sir ThroUKh the advice and earnest per suasion of Kev. K. 8. Beat, of this place, I have beeu taking Vegetink for Dyspepsia, of which I have suffered for years. I have used o.ily two bot tles, and alreaay feel myself new man. Respect fully, DR. i. W. OAKTEB. A Source of Creat Anxiety. My daughter ha received great benefit from the use of VjcGXTlNa. Hr declining health was a source of great anxiety to all of her friends. A few bottles of tho Yeoctini restored her health, strength, and appetite. N. H. TiLDEN, Ins. and Real Estate Agt., 19 sears' Building. Boston, Mass., June 5, 1873, What I Know About Vegetine. South Boston, May 9, 1P70 H. R. BTCTIX8 : Dear Sir I have had considerable experience, with the Veoeiise. For Dyspnpln, Oeneral De bility, and Impure Blood, the Vkoktisk i supe rior to anything which I have ever used. I com menced taking Veqktink about the middle of las, winter, and after using a few bottles it outtrely cured me of dyspepsia, and my blood never was In so good condition as at the present time. It will afford me pleasuro to givo any further par. ticulars relative to what I know about this good medicine to any one who will call or address me at my residence, SS6 Athens street. Very reipect fully, MONR E PARKER, 3Wi Athens Street, Vegetine is Sold by all Druggist. Wisharfs Pine Tree Tar Cordial ! Nature's Great Remedy FOR ALL Throat lie Lung Diseases. For Sale by all Druggists and Storekeepers.