Image provided by: University of Oregon Libraries; Eugene, OR
About The Albany register. (Albany, Or.) 1868-18?? | View Entire Issue (Sept. 18, 1874)
PUBLISHER EVERY SATURDAY,
By COLL. VAN CLEVE,
IKT REGISTER BUILDINGS,
Corner Ferry and First Streets.
We call attention to an article under
the heading of "Our State Geologist,"
elsewhere in this issue, which first ap
peared in the Corvallis Gazette. The
writer certainly advances some good
reasons why Oregon should have a
Geologist, and that he should he paid
a reasonable compensation for his services.
The eighth biennial session of the
Oregon Legislature convened at Salem
on Monday. The Senate met at 11
o'clock A. M., and effected a tempo
rary organization bv tlie election of
Hon. Ii. B. Cochran, of Lane. Presi
dent ; S. C. Simpsou, Clerk : It. It.
Guerney, Sergeant-at-Arms, and Bob
Head Door-Keeper. The Senate then
adjourned until 3 o'clock P. M. At
the afternoon session Mr. Dolph, of
Multnomah, Chairman of Committee
on Credentials, reported the following
named persons entitled to seats in the
Baker County T. W. Wisdom
Benton .T. B. Bee.
Clackamas .John Myers, James W.
Clatsop, Columbia and Tillamook
S. Ii. Smith.
Coos and Curry G. Webster
Doujrlas J. F. Watson, YT. F.
Grant W. II. Clark.
Josephine E. X. Tolen.
Jackson J. S. Ilerron.
Bane W. W. Bristow, E. B
Linn S. I). Haley, Thomas Mnnk-
crs. 1. I. Goodman.
Marion M. B. Savage, Joseph
Lngle. J. A. Kiehardsoii.
Multnomah J. X. Dolph. J. S. M.
Van Cleave, Sol. HJrsch.
Polk R. S. Crystal.
"Union Sam. rianna.
Umatilla C. B. Jewell.
Wasco E. Barnes.
Yamhill Wm. Townsend, J. C.
Benton and Polk A. M. Witham.
The Secretary of State appeared and
administered the oath of office to mem
On motion, Mr. Buford. contestant
from Washington county, was allowed
a seat until the question of contest is
The Senate then adjourned until
Tuesday morning at 10 o'clock. Upon
reassembling Tuesday morning, and
taking three ballots for permanent
officers, the Senate gave it up and ad
journed until 1 P. M.
At the afternoon session the ballot
ing resulted in the election of E. B.
Cochran, President ; S. C. Simpson,
Chief Clerk ; C. C. Royce, Assistant
Clerk ; It. Gurney, Sergeant-at-Arms,
and J. C. Head, Door-Keeper. The
oath of office was administered to the
newly elected officers, and the Clerk
authorized to inform the ilonse that
the Senate was organized and ready
At the same hour on Monday, the
House was called to order by S. A.
Clarke, Chief Clerk at tlte last session,
when J. C. Drain, of" Douglas, was
unanimously elected temporary Speak
er, and Col. White,: of Clackamas,
Clerk. The House after ordering the
.appointment ol a Committee of five on
Credentials, adjourned until 2 P. M.
Upon reassembling at that hour, Mr.
Fidler, Chairman of tlie Committee on
Credentials, reported the following
named gentlemen as entitled to; seats :
Baker J. C. Wilson, G. C. Ghan
dlcr. Benton James Bruce, James Cbani
tiera, W. J. Kelly.
; Clackamas Henry MoGuigan, J.
M. Beed, P. S. Xoyer. S. P. Bee.
Columbia J. S. Bynearson.
Coos J. I). Dully.
Coos ahd; Curry H. Blake.
Douglas George Riddle, J. C.
, Dcain, D. W. Steawis, Tliouias Ledger
wood. Grant Bart. Curl- ' Contested.
. Jackson Ji P Van Riper, W. J.
Plymale, Thos. Wright,. ,
Josephine. W. W. Pttjer.
Lane A. ,L Doak, Richard Hays,
J. D. Matlock, John McClung.
Linn Harvey Shclton, A. W Sfcan
'wwd, GVF. Crawford, Frmik Sbedd,
Jpsepl Lame, Jonathan Wassoro,
MarionT-F. X.. Mathieu, David
Simpson, William Darst. C. A. Eeed
Cranston, A. . Gilbert
nell, J. M. Gearin, It. P. Kelly, J.
Polk W. C. Brown, S. L. Butler,
Clatsop and Tillamook iv. liean.
Union D. Wright.
Umatilla W. 31. Steene, J. A.
AVashinston James Partlow, U.
Jackson. Thomas Boe.
Wasco Boert Mays, B. D. Dufur.
Yamhill William Galloway, E. C.
Bradshaw. Lee Lahghlin.
The report concluded as follows :
"We also received a certificate of the
election of .Joseph .Tetters, from (Mat
sop county, but as that county Is not
entitled to a Bepresentative under the
law, we would recommend that the
case be referred to a special committee.
We would also call your attention to
a contested case trom the county of
Grant, namely, Bart Curl vs. Gilbert
Beynolds. as requiring special action
from this body." The report was
The members were then sworu in,
and proceeded to the election of
Speaker. Messrs. J. C. Drain, of
Douglas ; C A. Beed, oi Marion, and
W. W. Fidler. of Josephine, were
placed in nomination. Three ballots
were taken without eflecting a choice,
when the House adjourned. Tuesday's
session was occupied in balloting for
Speaker, without result, the ninth
ballot showing Drain 27, Beed 17,
Fidler 15, when the House adjourned
to 10 o'clock Wednesday.
At the morning session of the House,
Wednesday, Drain was elected
Speaker, getting 32 votes; W. T.
White was elected Chief Clerk, receiv
ing 35 votes; A. E. Borthwlck, As
sistant Clerk ; M. IT. Abbott, Enroll
ing Clerk ; C. Hathaway. Sergeant-at-Arms
; A. F. Wagner, for Door
Keeper, received 50 votes of the 58
cast; D. A. Dougherty and Claude
Gatch were elected Pages. The Senate
and House now being organized, we
hope to see them push business right
along. The State needs very little
legislation at present, and the law
makers will best subserve the Interests
of the people by passing sileh needed
laws without loss of time, adjourning
and returniiiEf to their homes.
Our State Hioolojr 1st .
Multnomah .Jacob Johnson, R. S.
Tcwett, Raleigh Stott, William Cor-
An officer little thought of. yet one
who is able to greatly benefit our young
State, if we but act the part we should.
That officer is the Rev. Thos. Condon,
who was appointed to that position by
the Legislature of 1872. For twenty
years, or more, he has been studying
Oregon's geological record. Over
twelve years ago he first found the Old
Lake Bed of the Great Interior, and
then dawned upon his mind the great
truth that this whole Interior was full
of these old records.
The hostile Snake Indians prevented,
however, successful explorations of
that part of our State, which has since
proved itself so rich a field for scientific
investigation. The occasional Strips
that Mr. Condon was enabled to make
in company with the military, although
at times proving extremely dangerous
to him, served only to increase his de
sire to see more of it. By kindling
the interest of all he could awaken, he
succeeded in getting a number of per
sons to looking for fossils for him.
To remunerate them he spent all the
means he could spare from the support
of his family, and in this way lie soon
had several trained workers in the
field. These, in progress of time, he
hired as long as his money lasted. On
publishing the results of his labors,
eastern scientists stepped in and paid
higher wages than Mr. Condon could
afford, and thus he has been deprived
of this vast collection, and jnt credit
due for his past labors, and discov
eries, and our State has suffered an ir
reparable loss of the treasure that eas
tern money ha? been gathering for
eastern colleges; In this department
of scientific facts, Oregon has that to
publish which other States have not.
Money could be well expended in the
interest of science to-dav by publish
ing a. volume handsome enough for our
center tables full of illustrations of
Oregon's past History, especially that
time ere the footsteps of man were
seen on this '."our goodly heritage."
In Mr. Condon's cabinet one can
see a part ot these rich materials gath
ered, and when we thus realize their
vast importance to the scientific world,
we may venture the opinion that the
time is not far distant when Oregon
ians will regret that all this valuable
scientific material was not keptfbr the
instruction home instruction- of onr
people. But tlie subject is. not with
out great interest to the "matter-of-fact'
man the man who looks Only
to the dollars and cents who 'asks
himself tbe question, 'Does this geo
logical investigation, pay"' This is
assuredly the case, for this investiga
tion has an economical as well as a
scientific aspect. 1 sliall assume that
it is not necessary to show . that it is
within the province of our State to
expend her money in a matter of such
scientific importance to the public, oir
in a matter of such economical value'
to the people-at large . throughout our
State, mifcn less U it necessary to de
monstrate it in this case which largely
partakes ojf both. It Is a practice as
old with us as our Nation, and is as
happy In its results to-day as it was
when John Qtuncy Adams in his In-
nugural Address, referred to it as a j
highly commendable feature in the j
acfmlnlstration of his Illustrious pre-
deeesor. In its relation to public
economy we have all the facts relating
to our mines and minerals our qnar- !
ries of limestone, marble, building j
rocks, chalk deposits, clay beds, etc j
above the whole ot which would of j
course now stand in public estimation ;
our gold, silver, coal and iron..
Upon the subject ot Oregon's pre-
cion metals, a report has been made j
within a few "ears past by the Gov- j
eminent Commissioners of Mining j
Statistics, which is perhaps as true to j
the facts as can now be published, but
it is not what we need. Our State
AUOUNDS WITH MINERALS. What we
need is a personal and thorough ex
amination of each and every place
where there are cropping!, or the in
dications of the existence of mineral
wealth, by some one who'is thoroughly
competent to judge, and honest enough
to tell the truth. I can name a num
ber ol places, within my own knowl
edge, needing scientific examination,
where the several minerals, such as
gold, silver, copper, iron, coal, lead,
etc., may be found. In these places,
the finders Ix-hig ignorant of the true
geological formation of the land and
rocks and rules governing the location
of minerals, with no one to whom
they might go for information, have
blindly dug and delved until their vain
ellbrts have exhausted their money
and patience and they have given up
the search in disgust. Thousands of
dollars have thus been spent in misdi
rected labor. These mines should be
investigated. Others are in existence,
but the people are slumbering above
them, because science has not vet had
an opportunity to indicate the presence
of the hidden wealth that lies beneath
us. Iron, "the most useful, and there
fore the most valuable," of all metals
coal, its faithful ally and limestone,
the necessary attendant of the others,
we have, doubtless, in the quantity.
Anv State possessing these elements
ot wealth, aside even from our numer
ous other minerals, can become inde
ixsndeiit. It can become a manufac
turing State. It can bring the consu
mer to its doors. Where is our wheat
market to-day? Thousands of miles
away., in a manufacturing country.
Liverpool quotations govern our price
for wheat because of the consumers of
the manufacturing nation England.
With our timber, and our water power
with our soil, and our minerals,
with our favored location, and climate,
we sliall see that the ironworks and
coal miner are but the advance guards
of the busy throngs that will follow.
Possessing these advantages, intelli
gent development will give us an em
pire's might. Our wheat will then
command its true value. Rotation of
crops then becomes practicable because
all our esculents then may have a mar
ket, for they will not have to contend
against the time and dangers of trans
portation, and the richness of our soil
will remain at home. Look to-day at
Pennsylvania, with her coal and iron.
Look at Nevada, with her silver, and
California, with her gold. Eveu look
at bur young sister. Washington Ter
ritory, with her embryo coal mines,
and iumler trade. Judicious manage
ment with wise forethought is what
we need. There is even public econo
my in the scientific branch of this in
vestigation and that principally in the
education of the young.
Geology and mineralogy stand pre
eminent in the sciences in point of
value to our young State. Take an
example chemistry. for instance.
Practically it is of much greater value
to the student of the older States. It
demands an advanced civilization a
thickly populated country, where it
proves remunerative by utilizing every
clement. ChemisTy, therefore, is ad
vantageous in proportion to the age of
the State, but the sciences under con
sideration are eminently useful in a
new country that is rich in hidden
wealth. They become then practical
studies for the young people of Oregon,
Geological and in inera logical cabinets
are necessary for our schools; yet at
present eastern colleges are with their
money draining our State ot these
"medals ot creation." and it will be a
lasting shame if our young' men will
have to go to Yale or Harvard to stmly
Orosjon's Geology and Mineralogy or
to find out Oregon's science of Palen
tology. Aside from all this, the time
may come when we shall reflect with
mortification on tlie large portioh of
our State resources that has been ex
hausted on pat ty measures and as re
wards for partisan service and promot
ing sectional and personal schemes,
and so little for the encouragement of
tlie arts and seieuees. and cultivation
of those exalting and refining branches
of human' attainment which lit 113 for
the varied enjoyments of life.
Mr. (kmdon'.s collection is mil and
rare. It is the result of a life time,
and the day will yet come when it will
be highly prized. Now, this whole
; subject is a matter ot vast public im
portance, and will call for earnest at
tention from those who control the af;
lairs of our State.
'Mr. Condon was voted bv the Leg-!
This was a start. otW. but it has ,JaTIOE 18 IIERMtV GIVEN TO THE
,,,,., - i , . .1 - f 1-' sutscribers ot the Capital stock ot tlie
neeti ecn n ade :naW to the summit uumk wi-k AfTinuvi; ravwPAXV.
of his feimii
is doing. v:
whet: 'it is pre
believe the re
who spend mi
c il.. Ill
;: v is, t
o'ie, citizens tho.'
wisely, not wast'
that be should
At lea.t fne-i tiro to three thous
dollars.' wit.!,' liecfessarv exnenses.
Mr. 1 niulon 1 npiictMo tw honest;
itnpetcut and trulhfjiL A man who
s. in any"fart :c
podiion of State
iangeroits to ti.o
that there will he a meeting of said sub-
st tibem at tin; Agricultural 15uil!inir, in
Ujtt) eivy of BaltimTn Marlon comity. Stuto
Of Oregon, on the ltl flay of October, A.
IV; 1874, at 10 o'clock A. M., for the pnnxse
of electing not less than three Directors,
or such number above that number as tin:
stockholders rsen: -ball ileicnnine, an-l
for the transaction of such other bn mics
ns shall properly come before said meeting.
ll the subscribers are earnestly reo, nested
I I I'. r
lo be present.
' Pent 11 ml
ill I1.KS W. HOWIE,
T. I.. HAVIIHSON,
T. 'UN INGHAM,
.It ill N M1NTO,
;?uue u'.ha to t-!' n i .ii:-e;i who qngf
be possessed of mineral deposits bfafty
kind. M.h y are the oppoffcnutties for
dishonesl praetiwa and eouuivanO'-s
Wereby liupriucipltd linn t..,'.t:d
coin Await j !'... himself, ami the 'loser
could then tnabfc tlie Stnto for 'not only
endorsing tlKi uiritv as ocittipetont and
truthful. 1 nit al-o for giving tdfti . siuh
a pittance, that iie was teiapUi! top'.ay
the rascsd to even compenSjiUe himself
lor bis vears of study and toii. Ilap
piiy for our own State Mr. Condon is
not of that class. Years .of study and
practice have qualified, hb-.i. He is
known and trusted by the people of
tnls State. He is our Okkoon Ofecflo
gist. He is now doing till hei-an. with
his hand- tit d as they are. and if we
desire more work all we have to do is
to enable Jdm to perform it. Let us
grant Mm the means and ve shall re
ceive the benefit . I say this in full,
and respectful deference to the pre
vailing spirit, for wie re'trcn'eluiicnt
in our public expenditures'. fleoNigy
teaches us that for countless -aes .'the
vaults beneath, the flow o this our
fen-estial lud)itation wpre beiiig fiiled
hy the Divine Hand vvitii that which
man in his necessity infght fennire.
ial fVr his
them, warm them and adorn them
material from which to fabricate bis
wares, or replenish his son, or serve
him for coins and ornaments. There
his laboratory can tie supplied and re
storatives for health are found. Such
being the case, it surely is a part of
wisdom to seek to avail ourselves of
this uiifaithig source. M. C. G.
Albany. Sept. 7. 1S74.
WE 55 FOOT W A it Ii El" !
l.KS WIISiN IIAVINO LKASEP
VVeStM,l tinrliet.on First street.
a I jofnmj.' Ura Hvolii's. respctiuily iusks a
slmreof the inblt' patronage, 'the mar
ket will be ke)t! cousnuitly supplied with
alt kiiiils ol lresh meajs. Call and see.
5i5s"The hignesi cash pMce paid for hides
.Albany, August 14-71
WAR ClJklMI A-CJEifCar.
1 11 AN CISCO, CAL.
There man can Hial m ate
buildings, and .that whit h
W. II. AIKKN, ATTiKNKY-AT-Li.W
and f 'om-.nan lei- ol tlte (irand Army
of the Republic in California and Nevada,
wir! sri-e itmnipt atteittion to the collec
tion of Additional Travel Pay, now due
California and Nevada Volunteers dis
eharsfed, nioke than tlirt c hundred miles
from home. Softflera cttn depend on fair
'bailing. Information given free of charge.
AV'hen writing enclose srtatrtu for reply mid
state eoinrany ait 1 re.rhne.:it, and whether
von have a mscuarge. 'engross has e.x
icnih'd. the time for liltng claims for Ad
ditional Itountv under Ac' of .Inly 2, 1WKS,
to .liinurtrv 187, so all swell claims must he
made before that time. Ortgfnal Bounty
of iKKi 1ms been allowed aXl volunteers who
enlisted before .liny 22d., IS'il. for tliree
years, if not paid thy same when discharg
ed. Land Warrants can can be obtained
tor services rendered betore 1S5, hut not
for services in the late war. Pensions fol
iate war and war of 1S12-obtained, and
increased when allowed for less than dis
ability warrants, but 110 pensions arc.nl
lowedt to Mexicri.11 an t Florida war soldiers.
State of Texas has granted Pensions to stir
vivintr vi'terans of Texas Revolution. New
Drieansaii 1 Mobile I'rio Muucy is uow
due and being paid. W. H. Aiken also at
tends to Uenei-al I. aw and Collection Busi
POST F ONEMENT.
On tlie 1 1th it
in New Orlean
oflice and aski
Governor, of Lpni
Dibble of tb '
formed the conni!
on it. Tin- cotnn
to the mass uieeti
suit of their inb
people to go horn
White League at
were then under
Fifth and fcast ift Concert
IN AID OF THE
at amass meeting
1 Canal street, a
inted hy tlie eiti-
to tiio Executive Phillip Li brarv S Ki'iifiirkY
ivorpor to alxii- ' ' 1"
itt. . Ke Hosts, the
isiana, thro'.igb Gen. I
..-.verntu-'s staff, in- I
littee that lie wasn't ;
irttee tlien returned i
ng; reported the re-
i-rvie.w. advising the.
: jr.'t j heir anus .and !
ivtr.ni to assist tiie j
1 order sim liar, it is t
th" Kit-Kluxu who
1 rins, lo exe; ute the
plans that wonkl be ariMbgetj for iheni.
The result of il ail n mains to be seen.
Later advices kifortn 11- of the over
throw of the Kei-'ogg govern ment, and
the establishment of that of Penn, who
claims to have been the man elected
to the Lieut-Governorship in 1872.
On the afternoon of August 22d, in j
the city of Lima, an attempt was
made to assassinate the President of'
Peru, as he was passing from the pal- '
ace to Ins house. Several sHots were
fired, but the President was unhurt.
The leader and thirteen of the would
be assassins were arrested.
MONDAY, 30th NOVEMBER, 1874
A postponomem of the Fifth Concert of
the Public Library of Kentucky lias been
so genrrallv anticipated, nnd is so mani
festly lor tin' interest ot all concerned, that
it must meet the approval of all. Tbe day
is now absolutely li.xO I. an d I here will be
no variation fro in tbe programme now an
nounced. A Sufficient number of tickets
had been sol 1 to have enabled us to have
ha'l a large drawing on the 31st of July,
hot a short loMpohument was considered
f (referable to a partial drawing. Let it be
lome in mind that the
FIFTEI SIFT COXCERT
XIIK LAST WHICH WILL KVKU I1F.
C.IV1-.N t'NUKK THIS C II , Kit. It fi
THE PRESKNT MANAtiEMKNT,
Tliat it will positively and u nefpii vocally
take place as annoimcen. on
Monday, SOtli November,
The Solicitor of the Treasnry is re
ported as again about to go after the
Pacific ltailroad Companj' for the pay
ment of interest due the Government
on Pacific railroad lands. Let us have
no nonsense this time : if there is
power in the law to compel the pay
ment of said interest, let it be put in
music will be the best the coun
, and that
$20,000 CaMli in$,
82,500,000 00 :
wilfbe distributed by lot among the tlckek
Humor lias it that King Coffee,
Asliantee, is to be deposed.
THERK WTI.T. HE SOO AT FT'IJIAC
auction and to I liojiighest bidder, on ,
Friday, the Sl day of October, 1ST 4, f
commenotng at Oo'cloitk A. M., at tlie rei
deuce of tbe imdersiy;ned, the following i
deserih'd property, viz : Five head of good j
work liorses.and liarnoss, 2 good wagons.
1 Concord buggy and harness, 1 tirst-class 1
cow imdatliie lleifers, -20 tons of hay, SOU
bushels of choice seed wheat, one lot ear- :
fienter's tools, together with all Kinds of J
fiirmiug utensils : also, houstdiold and kit- 1
cne'n furniture, all new and complete.
tkkhs of !AijE.i weive montlts credit
wit li bond ami approved, security. .
Sep- 1 1-St (i. IT. lSATtEK. ;
S. W. MEL.AX,
FIRST, STREET, ALBANY.
KEEPS THE CHOICEST IMPORTED
Cloths, and tlie tiest domestic produc
t uiis. Reasonable prices, and satisiaetin
LIST OK C1FT?
On KrftiMt 'nm1i Uifi
iu' tinuiU ('null ilt...
One t.i aiiil 'nsli Hit I
One HraiKl l ush tiit t
One Vrand ChmIi Uil't
3 'nh ill'lH. 930.000ea
t.iraitiiais, in ooncn
SSSCVmli till It,
r-Ait usii iUM,
mo nii ;niv,
U r'ud t ot id 2o ooo Cash U Oh a , ouo , oou
J JO, ooo
:$ oooca n,ooo
a,ooo ea 100,000
1,000 em )00,ooo
500o; ISO. OOO
Bo a n.lo,oo
i t'uu i: of
I 'l ent li, or vali ctiuvn
1 1 1 Whole Tiehel for
i aa,'i Tiekcta Cur
PeriHS wisVirte'to in rest should rder
prumutly, citlMii' of tlie Home Oflice or our
Eiboral commissions will be allwred to
sofisfactorv ag-nts. C-"Circulars 1011
talning full parlfcnlitre fhrtrished i aupli
THUS. E. KRAHLKm:,
Agent nnri Tnanajrcr.1
Public Libiarj' Bntldhig l.ooisvillo, Ky.