I P Piaher . VOtTTME V. ALBANY, OREGON, MAY 16, 1873. NO. 37. Poslajf By the terms of reociU legislation, the fraidciig privilege i alsdished, and it is provide! that, "All laws, ami parte of laws, permitting the transmission ly mail f any five matter whhtever, Im, and tlie sama are hereby, waled, from and after June 80 173." This cuts (iff the free exchange of newspapers be tween publishers, ami the free cir culation it'' papers within the coun ties of publication. No chansjeK in the rates of pos tage have be.m made, and, conse quently postage charges will be as follow: LETTER. To all part of the !"nited States, three cents per hal 'ow ee. l',!'K'!S, MAGAZINES, ETC, ' Pamph'ets, occasional publi. cations, transient newspaper, mag azines. !ia .dbill, posters, unsealed circulars, prospectuses, b iok ui;in- Uscfipts. pr. )('- sheets, corrected proof-sheof.s, m ips, prints, engrav ings, blanks, ibxible patterns, sam p'ecarls, phonographic paper, let. ter e .velopes, postal envelopes and wrappers, cards, plain and orna mental paper photographic repre sentations of different types, seeds, cuttings, bulbs, roots, and scions, can le transmitted through the mails at the rale of one cent tor aeh two ounces or fraction thereof. Hooks, two cents fbr each two ounces or fraction thereof sam ples of merchandise, metals, ores, and mineralogical specimens can pass through the mails in packages not exceeliuir twelve ounces, at the rate ol two cents for each two ounces j or fraction thereof; to be let open j at the ends for examination, and . to contain no writing other than the address. All liquids, pownis, glass explo sive materials, obscene biks, and all other matter liable to injure the mails or those having charge there of, shall le excluded therefrom. KfiCruTAR PUBLICATIONS. N'cwspaH'i's sent by mail must be prepaid by stamps, unless "reg ularly issued a d sent to regu ar tnbscribers" by publishers or news dealers, when the fid owing rates are charged, payable quarterly in advance, either at the mailing or delivery office: Halites..,. 35 cuts. Six time- a week 30 cent-. Tri-weeklie 15 cent. Sembweeklles It) cent. Weeklies 5 cents. rienil-montlily, notover4oz. 0 cents. Monjhiies not over 4-OZ 3 cent. Quarterlies, not ever 4 ozs . . . 1 cent. Newspapers and circulars drop ped into the office tor local delivery must be prepaid at the rate of one cent tor two ounces, and an additional rate tor everv additkmu two ounces or fraction thereof; and periodicals j weighing moretlian two ounces are subject to two cents, prepaid at all letter-carrier offices. The postage on regular papers, Ac., must be paid in advance, either at the place of lei iverv, to the carrier, or at the office, otherwise they will be chargeable at transient rates. BOOS MANUSCRIPT. Hook manuscript passing be tween authors and publishers re quires prepayment at the rate of one cent for tach two ounces or frac tion thereof. Manuscript intended for publica tion in newspapers, magazines, pam phlets, tfcc . is subject to letter rates of postage. OBN'KIUt. RULES. hull prepayment by stamps re quired on all transient printed mat ter, foreign and domestic. All letters not premid by stamps, all such as are received in the office with stamps cut from stamped en velopes or with such postage stamps as were iuu prior to 18(31, w with revenue stamps on tkeia, are treated as "unniailable" and sent to the Dead-' etter Office. 1 etters which have not been de livered can be forwarded, without additional charge, upon a written request. Letters oiue delivered from a post office cannot be remailed with out prepavment of postage. Departmental postage .V'ter June 30. 1873, will be prepaid by spe cial stamps, prepared and furnished by the Dost office Deparment. It will, nevertheless. become im portant fbr correspondents of the several departments and bureaus to fully prepay their postage after the 30th of June next. Of course, the local officers and agents of the departments will be instructed to this etl'ect. Thk Vesper Bells that Broke an Exile's Heakt. In the Cathedral of Limerick there hangs a chime of bells, which were cast in Italy by an enthusiast in his trade, who fixed his home near the monastery where they were first hung, that he might e joy their sweet solemn music. In a political revolution the bells were taken away to some distant land, and the maker himself became a re ugee and exile. His wandering brought him, after many years to Ireland. On a calm and beauti'ul evening, as the vessel which bore h m hYated on the placid bosom of the Shannon, sud denly the evening chime pealed forth from the cathedral towers. His experienced ear caught the sweet sounds, and he knew that his lost treasures were found. His early home, his friends, his beloved and native laud, all the best asso ciations of his life, were in those sounds. He aid himself back in the boat, crossed his arms upon his breast, and listened to the music. The boat reached the wharf, but stdl he lay there si'ent and motion less. They spoke to h m, but he did not answer. They went, to him, but his spirit had fled. The tide of memories that came vibrating through his heart at that well known chime had snapped its lite strings. Growing Potatoes Under straw. After planting a piece of ground in the usual wav last spring, a friend told me that by covering the ground six: to eight inches deep with straw, it would prevent the ravages of the Colorado Ktato bug. I accordingl covered one ha'f the patch with straw. I soon found, however, that I had to tight the bugs on this part of the ground the same as the other, which I did by catching the bugs twice a week. When digging-time came, I found that those covered with straw yie ded In ly one thin! more than the others, and were much larger and of more uniform size. The digging required less than half the labor, as the potatoes lay almost entirely above' ground. At the time of covering with straw, which was immediately after planting, I placed some hills between the rows which I did not cover with earth, but they did not amount to any thing. 1 placed a few of each kind on exhibition at our annual fair, with a description of the mode of cultivation. They attracted much attention. Cop. Western Fanner. An anonymous benefactor recently dropped in at St. Peter's Hospital, in London, and left with the Secre tary a donation often 1,000 Bank of England notes. A pious invalid went to church last Sabbath for the first time tor several months. "I'll tell you, wife, I have got the plan all in my head!" "Ah, then it s all iu a nut slielll" Truth -ftecrefci Tomb. of the With all the reverence due to the dead, and with every possible regard for the feelings of the living, which in no way would we harrow up unnecessarily, we state and lie lieve, that not infrequently, there are instances where human beings are buried alive! To 1 sure this is an uncommon, but. by no means an impossible cir cumstance, as facts have shown. Under the sod in the various grave yards of the laud may be further evidence of this kind. , fn ceme teries that have been dug over, and the remains of the dead exhumed, there have been found in coffins. nailed and screwed tightly together, bodies of skeletons that were turned over on their sides or faces some times with the knees drawn up, the joints distended, the hands clenched, the arms thrust against the coffin's narrow sides, the tingnres twisted in the 'hairs of the head, the eyes glaring, the teeth ground together, the head doubled under, and many indubitable proofs that the last death struggle lid not take place beiare burial, but that a'ter the coffin had leen laid away in the shaJesof the tomb, or lowered iu the deep, soiled earth, then and there a tierce, ag onizing desperate, lonely and hope less contest fbr life was wager into exhaustion! Iu the old public burial grounds in the city of Brooklyn, when a general exhumation was made to enable the ground to be diverted to the streets and building lots, the writer saw no less than eight of such instances. One of these was evidently that of a young bride, dressed iu wedding garments of the richest white satin, with a bridal veil, ami ring of costly style and quality, and all the evidence of wealth, refinement and station iu lite. The remains were supposed to have been buried alwut twenty years previously. The coffinplate was gone, a.d iu the really indecent haste of the heartless contractors and brutish laborers, who ruthlessly tore and tossed the re its up, there was not the faintest clue to the identity. But upon examination it wasdis covered that the skeleton was twisteil and displaced (as no shock of the exhumation could have caused) and the garments grased as in a vice in the clenched finger bones, showing conclusively tha' a terrific struggle had taken place iu the last narrow htmse and home of the lovely, youthful, earls loved and lost bride. Even the long raven tresses, which were as glossy and erfect as ever, were bit fast in the rleshless teeth as though with the final despairing, smothered cry ami grasp of death! Numerous in stances of a similar nature have transpired in different places. A most heart rending instance of this kind has just been reported at this office. The information appears to be truthful, anil the cir cumstances narrated probable. On Thursday of last week a col ored man died (or was supposed to have died) and great lamentation was made over Lis body by t he rela tives and friends. The corps was laid out, the limbs composed, the eyes closed, and the features were exceeding natural As is sometimes the custom, so-caled mourners were provided with victuals and in toxicatin liquor, which they plied themselves with until surfeited and drunk. Noisy ami indecorous de monstrations of grief were made un til the third day (Saturday,) when the brother of the supposed corpse became incensed at the disgraceful proceeding and determined to bury it at once The other folks remonstrated, de claring that the body was yet warm and perhaps not dead. But he iu- A Horrible sisted, as he said, liecause he would prefer to bury it than to have a con tiuuance of the shocking demonstra tions. Accordingly the remains WHe deposited temporarily iu a re ceiving vault. Yesterday the vault was opened, and the coffin brought out fbr per manent burial elsewhere, when it was noticed that the strong screws which had been tightly driven iu three days previous were strained, and the top ot the coffin pried half open. I remblingly, and with the most dreadful anticipations, the box was opened, ai d horrible mosthorrib e to relate the body was found turned and twisted over, the face downward, one hand clutched the hair of the head, and the other reaching out, with the nails driven into the wood; the teeth clenched, the eyes glazed and distended, and even the feet givingevideuce of hav ing leen used in the last hope ess and frightful effort to escape suffo cation! These are the fintts as narrated. The name of the victim was Andrew Dow Savannah ( tia.) Adver tiser. As it l!iitd-to-Wn and ft It Is. "Bill Arp," the Southern humor ist, speaking of the good old days says: We used to say: "Here, Bob, go and catch Selim, and saddle him, and bring him here iu rive minutes, you black rascal; hurry up, you son of a gun, or i'll straiten yon with a thr-sii pole tdl you can't see. Go, sir!" Now it's "Oh! see here, Robert, I would like to have my horse- brought out, it you ain't doing anything partikler; bring him as soon as you can, will you?" And there's the poor women poor souls it's all we can do to taper 'em down to the situation. '"What did you spill that water for, Jullyanna, you lazy, trifling, contemptible huzzy positively you ain't worth the salt that's put in your vittles; did't I tel! you that the next time you spilt water on this floor I'd give you a thousand now take that and that and that. Now go and get your wash rag and come here and wipe it up, you good for nothing imp of dark ness." Hut that's gone out of fashion, and it is; 'Come here, Marry Ann, 1 want you to go a. d see your Aunt Frances, and ask if she won't come and do my washin' this week. Tell her I'll be much obliged to her if she wil ; now run along and be quick, and I'll let you go to the circus." Well, it hurts' em I know it does. It hurts the generation mity bad, but the chi dren growin' up an' comui' on don't mind it, for they never knowed much about slavery times. We okl people won't last long no how, and per haps by the time we pass away and a new crop grows up on both sides, the North and South, we'll be better friends. I hope so, for if we haven't been an u.. happy family fbr fifty years, 1 don't know where you'll rind one. I can't help re callin' them old times when my old carriage driver set on a high dick ey, with a stove pipe hat on, and cracked a proud whip over a pair ot cracain blood bays, and a litt'e yaller nig a staudiu' up behind the carriage a holdiu' to the straps, an' foeliu' bigger and grander than Julius Caesar Demosthenese Alex ander Bonaparte. Old times, fare well! Vain world, farewell! Now I've got no fore nigger, nor hind nigger, nor blood bays, nor notion', an' if I want to go anywhere thank the Lord tor his mercies I am allowed to walk. Weli,everythiug's different, even this here newsper we're running. Them old fashioned rinawy nigger pictures that used to lie scattered along down a whole column is all vanished, Them pic- . i-.i j i . . - noes o. Hir-eonneo iiarKeys jusi a trottin' off with the bind toot a ' ,'n ,i !...,),;.. in.- .1 . ,vivm-. tip nip. unmiil llivc wit: Will side of an Alabama tarapin, a stick oi. the shoulder, and a little bundle on the end of it; gone, a 1 gone! - j. n , .. , iu Facts for thf Housekeeper. When starched clothes stick to the iron, it is exceedingly annoying, and the housekeeier is rather apt to get vexed and discouraged. Many think it is owing to the man ner in which the starch is made; but this is not always th reason, One cause of .'(arch sticking is owing to the adulterations in starch itself. So it is very essential to try and procure' tfie best article. Starch g oss is used to prevent this sticking, iu lieu of adding ixilish. Some laundresses shave hard soap and boil it up with the starch. An excellent way to make clothes stiff is to starch them when wringing oui oi hip nose water, men ory them on thcliue,aiid when about to be ironed, damjieii them and spread them between dry clothes a' d roll them up tight fbr a quarter of an hour, when they will iron very smooth. Another desideratum is to take good care of the irons. Many house keers who are called neat, will let them stand on the sto,o for days, catching all the slops of cook ing. When not in use they should lie kent in a drv nlaee Ui.ce t.h face is rusted they will never look as well again. Hut in case of their becoming rusty, rub them on emery or brown paper. Beeswax is good to use, rubbing it well over the front face of the iron mi a cloth or taper. Many are the bits of soap wasted iu the household. A good pan is to save every scrap iu ajar or keg, and when wanted cover them with water, and set on the stove to sim mer. When melted, remove them and let them get cold. Crumbs made in cutting up soap, bits of toilet soap too small fbr use, all such odds and ends can be saved and used in this manner. Bow Mails are Robbed. A special P. O. Detective has just lodged in Boston jail a night clerk in the P. O., who has spent his winter evenings in stealing thou sands of money letters from the large and va liable mails which - .1 1. .1 - .! A pass inrougn mat omce, going tu Hunter & Co., Hinsda'e, N. H. His plan was to examine each let- tpr uvpr ft Inmn and toal one that contained motley. In five mouths the losses amounted to thousands of do lars, causing great loss and annoyance to Messrs. Hunter & Co.; but now that the thief is "behind the bars," the pop ular publishers have returned to their toiiner sure, certain and sat- isfantoru method ot doing business, and deserve their ever-increasing business. The Rural World proposes to cure founder in horses this way: lake the horse into a brook or stream ot water deep enough to nearly reach his body, and fasten him there with his head so high that he cannot drink. It the weather is warm keep him there several hours. Then remove him and rub his legs thoroughly to pro mote circulation. If still lame re peat the process two or three times ftiid a cure will lie il?ict. -. 1 Tn tha winter twenty minutes will bo long enough to keep tho horse in the water, when he should be taken out and rubbed as iu the other case repeating the operatiou if neeMfe sary. This ii said to cure all -case ot founder, wheu not of long stand-log.