JMiauji fkgtfta IT. N. Offlrlal Puprr for Oregon. FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 23, 1872. Wumnn MriTraKC la MhIuc. On the 19th inst.. a hill was in troduced into the House of the Maine legislature, tlic object of. which in to e.yteJ$ the elective fran-' ... t .il cluse to women at the ITesKlcntiai elections. A Wo. kmlo VnbrakM. The river blockade which so teng intcrriiitoi comoiuuicatioii with EaStem Oregon, ceased sonictimc since; tlie Union Pacific Hailroad has also "busted" the blockade, so that the countenance of the Slope smiles all over; but the people's blockade, which shuts out the De mocracy from securing "fat offi ces and rich stealings," is growing . .....I .kw.w. :...wiiviaiic orwl its chilling breatb is driffeig! that per- suasion farther and farther into the icc-ficlds of passivitj. rl Will Triumph. A Democratic ioiimal says: "v? have an enemy before us that will rcouire all our enerL'ies to over- 1 " . . . come" m e Suppose that the ene my to which this refers is tlic Rc publicau party. It is strong in its code of principles, impervious in its devotion to tliem, invincible in its unity and determination, and of fl goodly size. It has no departure schemes, neither does it propose to remain passive ; but feeling its cause to "be just, it fears not" to abide the issue of its cause before the American people, confident that be fore that tribunal, in the coming contest, as in the past, merit will lie rewarded in its complete tri umph. High Old Timk in China. A large day in China willbetlie occa sion of the marriage of its Kmperor, which is to transpire soon, he hav ing imported a pair of massive ele phants to assist in the ceremony. His future consort has been under going a careful training in the eti quette of court life for some time. For three years st the looms of Nankin, Hongchou and' Canton, have been laboring night and day on the silks and satins for her bridal trosseau, which they have just an nounced as completed, at a cost of nearly $500,000 in our money. When the bridegroom goes forth in a ear drawn by elephants, his bride is to be borne to her palace in a pal. anqmii composed entirely of a string of pearls. Wit Tiiev, OhViil They? The Mobile Register says that the Democracy has tried everything in tlic last year, or so, ami failed ; and now says : "Wiry not rally upon the adamantine foundation of the Constitution," etc. Brick Pome roy says thc.Dcmocracy is on the road to the devil. Southern Dem ocrats, like the Mobile Register, a few years ago, said the Constitution was a league with hell. Is this ad vice of the Register tlic result of desperation ? Will they heed the awful advice ? A Wife fok Four Dollars. Some tonr years, ago, a man named Henderson, in the State of New York, sold his. wife to-a neighbor lor lour dol lars Recently the four dollar purchase eloped with another man ; whereupon the purchaser sued out a writ of replevin as be would for an ox or a horse. At last accounts the case was awaiting ad judication, eminent counsel being retained on both sides. T 1 ' ' ' the noblest organ of the body, re Intelliuence and Airtoe ,.,.i.lL.. A Ki'ESR A 1ST. JlltollifWhra ftllll Vll- o ji oiyw NWHfn1; viiiiv j.-wt mivi tne existing among the citizens, are is, of course, correspondingly affect necessary to the life and growth of a cdty the quality and quantity of represenutive government In,, lK)rtionastiieprevwl, will the na- tion be stronsr and fiw Thi. un; O w IIW DVHWI- mentis corroborated by the history of tlie past in tte experience of nations, and in die utterances of wise states- coonotmstn. "United' we stand, and divided we fell," says a Democratic cotem porarv, after giving several Dcmc cratfctonroals "fits" for pitchtn into cx-Governor Whiteaker. The unity and lmrmony nowxi"'g m the Democratic family is most lovely fa. behold. Old mother Democracy niA m. fcoW. spank, nor cry her unruly brats into obedience to her behests, or agreement among them- ... ti 1 ...Win trt 1 1 il - selves. She lias oeen --uuuk-" cd" herself, and now every one of her miserable progeny is "unruly all bis ways." Here in Oregon her children scout at the old lady's de sire to be 'Massive," and assuming a wise and lofty look, stmt about like peacocks with new tails, and claim to be tlic "Mai giriMinc" arti cle of old fashioned Democracy. In one particular their resemblance to the old kindis very good nearly every other fellow want an office. Every lawyer among tlicm wants in finriB tlm dear Deonlc in Con gress, and no finite mino! can possibly - . . . tell how many others are aspiring in llie same direction.. The Democra cy of Oregon can unitedly stand and sing: "Dear people, kind people, do give mean Office." Howbeanti ful it is for brethren to dwell togetli- or hi unity. Aint t it t " A Goon Si ucestiox. A Haiti more telegram of the 17th has the following good suggestion : "C. C. Fulton, of National Republican Committee, and who is known to have the full confidence of the Pres ident, says, in the American this morning, that tliosc holding offices should refrain from attending the Philadelphia Convention as dele gates. We disclaim any lack of appreciation ol the othcc-holders as a class; our purpose has been to prevent them from being present in position, as it would give their de tainers an opportunity to avail them selves of the peculiar clamor they have been so diligently at work to raise for the purpose of damaging Grant. If those holding commis sions under him should be present in force, his re-nomination would be held up as the work of the bread and butter brigade. It seem to ns so important ami desirable that the membership of the convention should directly be from the people, that it is a token of surprise that any earnest friend of the Hoard holding office should not sec the propriety of keeping away trom it. Oppo nents to Grant's nomination would like to see many office-holders in the convention. It would be play ing into their bauds, and apparently sustaining their oft repeated dec laration that be is using exertions to secure the nomination. Of one thing we are certain, tliey will please the President. Didn't Like To. A Mississip piau owned a clock that had got out of order, and all his efforts to make it run were fruitless. At last he turned the dock liottom up, when it ticked away as industriously as ever. Declaimed, however, that it was a sonrcc of inconvenience af tcr all, for whenever they wanted to sec the time, they bad to stand on their heads and wheu they had company, his wife didn't like to do it! ' Waktu op Brain. According to Dr. Beard, labor of the brain causes greater waste of tissue than lalwr of the muscles. According to t'.e estimates of Professor Houghton, three hours of hard study produce more important changes of tissue man a uay o? muscular la bor. Phosphorus, which is a prom iuent ingredient of the brain, is de posited in the urine after mental labor ; and recent experiments bave shown that by chemical examination of these phosphates deposiljtyijt is possible to determine whether an individual has been chiefly using his brain or bis muscles. That the brain is the organ of the intellect is now as well established as any fact of science. Hie brain being V 1 ' VJ VW pVVIVlMNUVUIIt .IImJ tl,-.. o.m na AnJ SSUSVS3S1 tothe brail) thongh it8 ,verage tl, Art- WVlIl ID IIVH WVIV fflHIU UlbJ ounces, or about one-fortietli the weight of the body. This is one of the reasons why brauvworl DW Unm Uterim f the Klorat. From.tlie Bulletin we learn that the waters of tlie Willamette rose at Portland until they were eighteen inches or two feet above the lower floors of tlie wharves, before it came to a stand still, The warehouse men were put to their utmost efforts to save the articles stored hi them. Some of tlie grain was slightly damaged before it was all removed. The water rose there on last Sun day morning at the rate of five incites an hour. The mill at Mil waukic had thirty-five hundred bar rels ot flour stored in it which was in danger. The owner wanted all tlie steamboats that could be spared to be sent to him at once to save the flour. The K X. Cook was sent on Monday and brought away several hundred barrels and report ed t!.e rest safe. Tlie Bulletin thus describes the bursting of a cloud : About eleven o'olock" A. M. on Sun day morning, while the sun was shining brightly, it commenced to ram quite briskly, and from tlie North-west could be seen a heavy black cloud approaching very rap idly. Suddenly there were two or three bright Hashes of lightning, followed a moment later by a sharp crash of thunder, and immediately the rain and iiail commenced falling with great fury. Hail stones half an inch thick and three quarters of an inch long, accompanied by a drenching rain, fell iu torrents for the sjiace of ten or fifteen minutes, filling the gutters with water, and cutting off all travel along the low er streets for a short time. The rain continued to fall until about 2 o'clock P. M. when it chared off and the sun came outwits a face as smiling as a school boy's, immediate ly after it had been wathed with brown soap and polished with a Bussiau towel. The valley of the Clackamas was overflowed to a depth of three or four feet, and the track of the Ore gon it California Hailroad com pletely submerged. The result vas the train failed to arrive in Port land either on Sunday or Monday. One or two culverts on the road south of Salem were washed away, and the track slightly damaged. The rain about Harrisburg was very severe, surpassing anything before seen. The waters of the river at that point washed the grav el out of the abutments of tlie bridge, and a large drift lodged against one of the piers, exciting fears that it would not stand. No damage, however, resulted. The Santiam bridge had one of its bents broken by a large log coming against it, and the gravel in one of the piers was washed away ; but workmen promptly went tothe rescue and re moved the driftwood ami proceeded to repair the damages, Beautiful Chemical Experi ment. The following lieautiful chemical experiment may easily lie performed by a lady, to tlic great astonishment of a circle at her tea party : Take, two or three leaves of red cabbage, cut them into small bit!, put them into a basin, and pour a pint of boiling water on them ; : let it stand an hour, then pour off tlie liquor into a decanter. It will be of a fine blue color. Then take four wine glasses ; into one put six d ions of strong vinegar, another six drops of solution of soda, into a third the same quantity of a strong solution of alum, ami let the fourth glass remain empty. The Masses mav be nrenared some time before, and the few drops of colorless liquids winch have been placed in them will not be noticed. Fill up the glasses from the decan ter, and the liquid poured into the glass containing the acid will quickly become a beautiful red, that into tlic glass containing the soda will be a fine green, that poured into the empty one will remain un changed. By adding a little vinegar to the green it will im mcd'iatly change to a red, and ad ding a little solution of soda to the red it will assume a tine green, thus showing the action of acids and alkalies on vegetable blues. Attbe President's levee on the 15th inst, the attendance was the largest during the winter, . ilu'-i lilt V '' - ' The Chicago Tribune wants Dr. Livingstone brought back and pot under bonds to keep out of Africa. McCall's water-cure establish ment of Galesburg, 111., was totally destroyed by fire on the 18th inst. A lage number of patients were with difficulty removed to a place of safety. Loss $105,000 or $110,- 000. -" '7 Judge' Bedford, of New York, sentenced a garroter, on the 13th, to twenty years hard labor in the State prison. A bill in favor of reducing the tariff on tea and coffee will 1 re ported in Congress by tlie Commit tee on Ways and Means. The Oram! Duke Alexis witness ed the carnival of ' Mardi Gros, in New Orleans on the 13th. A masked party, in Cincinnati, recently took a prisoner by the name of Clark away from the guard , and next morning he was found hung. An earthquake was felt in Wash ington on the night of the 12th. The shocks were severe. The ..American Protestant Asso ciation of New York are to parade on Washington's birthday. 50,000 men art expected to be in line un der Gram) .Marshal Johnson. Minneapolis and St. Anthony, Minn., were united on the 13th un der the name of the former, by a large majority in both cities. The explosion of a barrel of ce ment iu Philadelphia on the 14th, set fire to a shoe factory, severe ly injured one man, caused another to jump from a third story window, lighting without injury, and com pelled fifteen men to escape Irom the upper story of the factory through tlie roof on to another build ing. The latest amusement of the boys at Louisville, Kentucky, is to place a line of the toy torpedoes on the street railway. When the car comes along it explodes the torpedoes, frightens the horses, and still worse, scares the passengers, and excites the city for many blocks around with the noise and light. AtUtica, New York, on the lfth, some words passed between a Mrs. McCarty aud Milton H. Thompson in a street car, when the former drew a revolver and shot the latter through the nose and clieek, the ball striking Mr. II. II. Hart, who was in the car, in the heart, instantly killing him. Thomp son's wound is not considered dangerous. The woman was ar rested. W.J. Pollock, of New York, was arrested recently and held to bail in the sum of $20,000 for al leged snWggling operations in linen and jute goods. The perpetration of the fVfyid was carried on by means of fslse marks and brands at the CnsUjra House, whereby the identity of the goods was destroyed, aud the Ciistom House officials mis led. Mrs. Wm. B. Aster died on the 15th. At Springfield, Ohio, on Wed nesday night of last week, Robert Scott shot his wife dead, and then killed himself. A blottdless duel was fought at the bay of St. Louis, I .a., on the 15th, between .General Badger, Chief of Police of iNew Orleans ami Geo. W. Cartel former Speaker of the House sfjlbft Louisiana Legislature. Shots Were exchanged at sixty paces with ofles;, without effect. A recon ciliation was then effected. Tie Po'strnjisfcr General says no contract exists for the transportation of mails on the Union Pacific and Central Pacific Bailroads. Mails are carried under orders issued quar terly, tlie service being paid by the Postmaster General. The com panies are not under contract stipu lations, Under circumstances like those now existing, to provide for the transportation of mails by any other means than their trains, or any other routes than their own roads. The Senate on the 15th inst con firmed the nomination of G. Wash burn, son of Minister Washburn, as Assistant Secretary of Legation to France, and that of Samuel C. W lngard.as IT. 8. Attorney for Wi Territory. , . - The Legislative Committee of Legal Reform, in Maine, have agreed to report a bill allowing women the right of suffrage in the Presidential election. Brownlow made a personal ex planation in the Senate on the 15th inst in reply to Beck's statement in the House, that Brownlow, while Governor of Tennessee, made the State a pandemonium, and that he and other Reconstruction Govern ors were hated by the people, and could find no refuge from prison ex cept in the Senate. Brownlow be gan by saying there was a time when Beck would not have dared to put this insult upon him, lest he (Brownlow) slwuld take Beck's overseer whip from his hand and lay it Over his back. He also said that when Beck abandoned a responsi ble business and become a slave- driver, he sank below the notice of all decent men. Congress has ordered twenty-five thousand copies of the case ot tlie United States vs. Great Britain, printed. A bill has been introduced into Congress to restrict the killing of Buffalo on public lands. Tlie Agricultural Convention at Washington on the ICth, adopted a resolution that Boards of Agri culture be established by Legisla tures in the various States, where they do not already exist. Senator Howe is sick with scar lctina. The President visited the Agri cultural Convention at Washing ton and was received with applause. He was welcomed by Loring in a brief speech. Central Illinois was visited with a snow storm on the 16th, falling to a depth of ten inches. A Washington dispatch of the 16th, Febniary says: Minister Schenck has telegraphed to Secre tary Fish inquiring whether the United States would withdraw tlie demand in the Alabama claims for indirect damages. Secretary Fish replied in the negative, add ing that the Government would in sist on a decision of its case. The Mississippi river at St Louis is gorged with ice. The German Republican Com mittee of New York, on tlic even ing of the 16th, adopted a resolu tion that while adhearing to na tional nominations of the Republi can party, they will act in munic ipal affairs with any party honest ly working for reform. The Boston Grant Club perfect ed its organization last Friday. A. If. Bice is President, and Doolittle, Secretary. Thirty-four Vice Presi dents, including Governor Wash- bnrne, ex-Gov. Claflin and all the Massachusetts delegation in Con gress were appointed. The small pox is decreasing in New York. From Sioux City it is reported that twelve persons were fror-en to death in the terrible storm on the 12th, in Nebraska. Many head of stock perished. John II. Lewis, of Chicago, a young man in comfortable circum stances, highly respected and only four days married to a beautiful girl, was found dead in his office last Saturday morning, having shot himself through the liead. At Chelsea, Mass., on the 9th. A. Bartholomew, while mad with liquor and jealousy, stabbed and killed Chas. F. Storer. The New York District Attor ney has been ordered by the I'resi- j dent to commence criminal proceed ings against all persons shown by testimony before the Custom House I ! T.,..t.:,t;rtn f'nmm ttM to have iuifiig" " paid or received bribes. A deed one hundred and thirty years old was recently presented for record in Boston. A man recently died in Wheel ing, West Virginia, who for six teen years had not slept inside a house. Connecticut has a canary bird that waltzes. Over six billion pins are used in the United States each year. The British Columbia Legislature is now in session. Gladstone entertained Minister Schenck at dinner on the 17th int News from Madrid to the 18th, states that tlie Spanish ministry had resigned. Advices from Spain represent all quiet in the Phillipine States. Tlie revolt of native troops is entirely suppressed. Eleven ring-leaders were sentenced to death by conrt martial. The activity of the Ronapartist agents, who are strong throughout France, to secure the return of the ex-Emperor, creates great excite ment in Parliamentary circles iu France. A bill has been presented in the German Council declaring that the German shall be tlie official lan guage. It is announced that the Pope intends to renounce the concordat so far as relates to Alsace aud Lorraine. The body of Earl Mayo, late General of India, was taken to Calcutta, on the 19th. An im mense crowd witnessed the land ing. A reduction of the present toll for dispatches by the Anglo-Amer ican Telegraph Company, was fa vorably considered by them at London on the 17th inst. A Loudon letter says at least one-third, if not one-half, of the entire population of that city is in favor of a Republican form of Government in Great Britain. At the Rothschild Hospital at Jeruslem, during last year, nearly 19,000 out-patients were treated, of whom 13,000 were Jews. A movement is on foot in France to make Thiers President of the French Republic for life. A Mr. Sheehan "put a head" on a man named Kelly, iu Portland, last Sunday, for finding him in posses sion of his room on his return home. He also passed Kennedy over to the police, and Judge Denny fined him $10. Mr Nelson Mulrany, who lives near Tigh Valley, writes also under dale of Jan. 22d, that lie had lost two hundred and fifty sheep out of sev en hundred. Snow was five feet deep and feed plenty, says the Statemian. The body of a man dressed in the uniform of a soldier, was found on the bank of the river about seven miles below Portland, last Monday. The body was badly decomposed and unrecognizable, says the Bulle tin. The Nevada Ireinsrript learns that the recent cold weather has frozen the grain planted in that vi cinity, aud that in some places the crops arc ruined. Tlic survey of the route of the North Pacific Railroad from Kn lama eastward, was commenced last Tuesday by Captain Maxwell. William Craft writes under date of Jan. 31st, trom Yakima, that his cattle were doing well, having lost but two calves. Had plenty ot feed. Notaiile Death. The Grand Master of the I.O.OF., of Ohio, aged fifty years, and a most prominent man, died in Cincinnati on the morning of the 17th inst. . m ... . - A movement is on foot to build another Crystal Palace iu New York, at a cost of about $5,000,- 000. Thc efforts to discover the where- abouts in Europe of Wm. E. Gray, H1 twi.l nil if ivuif RMNVIM Vlf.1V. " " ed fruitless. Two rival candidates for the love of a fair lady in Salem, living in Bethel, Polk county, got iuto a fra cas about it, one getting his finger nearly bitten off and the other ha v. ing his eyes nearly gouged out. The Colombia river is said to lie higher now than ever before known before at this tims of the year. . . .1 Not one out of ten Democratic lead ers of to-day would be w llllog to step aside for die benefit of the people.