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About The Albany register. (Albany, Or.) 1868-18?? | View Entire Issue (Aug. 5, 1871)
fi ii i mi mi i ii " i i i ii
',. Between the
United States and Great Britain
Claims. Fisheries, Navigation of the St.
Lawrence, etc; American Lumber om
. the River St. John, Boundary.
Concluded 3tay 8, 18TI ; lUtifieatione exchanged
June 17, 1S71 ; P.-oclaiMedJelg 4, 1871...
TIS CXITEO STATES OF
r ths rsrsiDxxT or
Whereas a treaty, between the United States of
America and her majesty the Queen of the Uni
ted Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, con
cerning the settlement of all causes of difference
between the two countries, was concluded and
signed at Washington by the High Commission
ers and Plenipotentiaries of the respective gov
ernments on the eighth day of May last; which
treaty is, word for word, as follows :
The United States of Amorica aud Her Brit
annic Majesty, being desirous to provide for an
amicable settlement of all causes of difference
between the two countries, hare for (hat purpose
appointed their respective plenipotentiaries, that
is to say : the President of the United States has
appointed, on the part or tne Lniteu states, as
Commissioners in a Joint High Commission and
Plenipotentiaries, Hamilton Fish, Secretary of
State j Robert Cumming Schenck, Envoy Extra
ordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to Great
Britain ; Samuel Kelson, an Associate Justice of
the Supreme Court of the United States; Ebeu
exer Rock wood Hoar, of Massachusetts; and
George Henry Williams of Oregon; and Her
Britannie Majesty, on her part, has appointed as
'her High Commissioners and Plenipotentiaries,
the Right Honorable George Frederick Samuel,
Earl de Grey and Earl of Kipon, Viscount Go
derich, Baron Grantham, a Baronet, a Peer
of the United Kingdom, Lord President of
Her Majesty's Most Honorable Privy Council, a
Member of Parliament, a Companion of the most
Honorable Order of the Bath, etc., etc.; Sir Ed
ward Thornton, Knight Commander of the most
Honorable Order of the Bath, Her Majesty's En
voy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary
to the United States of America; Sir John Alex
ander Macdonald, Knight Commander of the
most Honorable Order of the Bath, a member of
Her-Majesty s Privy Council for Canada, and
Minister of Justice and Attorney General of Her
Majesty's Dominion of Canada; and Montague
Bernard, Esquire, Chichele Professor of Inter
national Law in the University of Oxford.
And the said Plenipotentiaries, after having
exchanged their full powers, which were found to
be in due and proper form, have agreed to and
concluded the following articles: -.
ARTICLE I. " -
Wboreas differences have arisen between the
government of the United States and the govern
ment of Her Britannie Majesty, and still exist,
a-rowing out of the acts committed by several ves
sels which have given rise to the claims generic
ally known as the "Alabama claims:"
And whereas Her Britannie Majesty has au
thorised her High Commissioners and Plenipo
tentiaries to express, in a friendly spirit, the re
gret felt by Her Majesty's government for the es
cape, under whatever circumstances, ot the Ala
bama and other vessels from British ports, and
for the depredations committed by those vessels :
Now, in order to remove and adjust all com
plaints and claims on the part of the United
States, and to provide for the speedy settlement
of such claims, which are not admitted by Her
Britannia Majesty s government, the " high con-
trading parties agree that all the said claims
growing out of acts committed by the aforesaid
vessels and genetically known as the "Alabama
claims," shall be referred to a tribunal of arbi
tration to be composed of five arbitrators, to be
appointed in the following manner, that is to say: j
One shall be named by the President of the Uni- i
ted State; one shall be named by Her Britannie
Majesty ; his majesty the King of Italy shall be
requested to una one i the President of the i
Swiss Confederation shall be requested to name
one ; and his majesty the Emperor of Brazil shall
be requested to name one.
In case of the death, absence, or incap city to
serve of any or either ot said arbitrators, or, in
the event of either of the said arbitrators omit
ting or declining or ceasing to act as such, the
President of the United States, or Her Britannie
Majesty, or his majesty the King of Italy, or the
President of the Swiss Confederation, or his ma
jesty the Emperor of Bra .il, as the ease may-be,
may forthwith name another person to act as ar
bitrator in the place and stead of the arbitrator
originally named by such bead of a cHate. i '
And in the event of the refusal or omission for
two months after receipt of tho request from
either of the high contracting parties of his ma
jesty the King of Italy, or the President of the
Swiss Confederation; or his majesty the- Emperor
- of Brazil, to name an arbitrator either to fill the
original appointment or in the place of one who
may have died, be absent, or incapacitated, or
who may omit, decline, or from any cause cease
to net as such arbitrator, his majesty the King of
owed en and .Norway shall be requested to name
one or more persons, as the ease may be, to act
as such arbitrator or arbitrators.
ARTICLE II. ,
The arbitrators shall meet at Geneva, in Switz
erland, at the earliest convenient day after they
shall have been named, and shall proceed impar
tially and carefully to examine and decide all
questions that shall be laid before them on the
part of the governments of the United States and
Her Britaonio Majesty respectively. All qnestiona
considered by the tribunal, including the final
award, shall be decided by a majority of all the
Each of the high contracting parties A all also
name one person to attend the tribunal as its
ager t to represent it generally in all matters con
nected with the arbitration
The written or printed ease of each of the two
parties, accompanied by the documents, the offi
eial correspondence, and other evidence on which
each relies, shall be delivered in duplicate to each
of the arbitrators and to the agent of the other
party as soon as may be after the organization of
tho tribunal, out witnin a peri cm not exceeding
six months from the date of the exchange of the
ratifications of this treaty.
'.f''' - - -
Within four months after the delivery on both
idee of the written or printed case, either party
may, in like manner, deliver in duplicate to each
of the said arbitrators, and to the agent of the
other party, a counter case and additional docu
ments, correspondence, and evidence, in reply to
the case, documents, correspondence- and evi
dence so presented by the other party.
The arbitrators may, however, extend the time
for delivering such counter ease, documents, cor
respondence, and evidence, when, in their judg
ment it becomes necessary, in consequence of the
distance of the place from which the evidence to
, be presented is to be procured.
If in the ease submitted to the arbitrators eith
er party shall have specified or alluded to any re
port or document in its own exclusive possession
without annexing a copy, such party shall be
bound, if the other party thinks proper to apply
for it, to furnish that party with a copy thereof :
vnd either party may call upon the other, through
the arbitrators, to produce the originals or certi
- sod copies of any papers adduced as evidence,
giving in each instance such reasonable notice a
. the arbitrators may require. : ...
' It shall be the duty of the agent of each party,
within two months after the expiration of the
time limited for the delivery of the counter ease
on both ides, to deliver in duplicate to each, of
' the said arbitrators and to the agent of the other
' party a written er prii ted argument showing the
' points and referring to the evidence upon which
' his r o vera men t relies ; and the arbitrators mav.
if they desire further elucidation with regard to
uf noint. require a written or printed statement
or argument, or oral argument by counsel, upon
it : but in such case the other party shall be enti
tled to reply, either orally or in writing, as the
case may be.
.-,. : ' ARTICLE VI. s
In deciding the matters submitted to the arbi
- trators they shall be governed by the following
thiM rales, which are air reed npon by the hieh
- ' contracting parties as rules to be taken as appli
cable to the case, and by seen principles of inter
national law not inconsistent therewith as the er-
feitrators shall determine to have been applicable
to thee. - k
A nnrl troverninent is bound t
First, t o use doe diligence to prevent the fitting
. out, arming, ox equipping within Us jurisdiction
c of any vessel which it has reasonable ground to
, , believe is Intended to eroise or to earrr war
iEfciut s prwer with which it Is at peace i aad
iso to use like diligence to prevent the depart
. are from its jwisdietion of any ymael intended to
oruls or carry on war as aoove, sueu,. vessel. nav
ing been specially adapted, in' whole or in .part,
within such jurisdiction, to Warlike use.' . -
Secondly, not to permit o suner either helliger-.
ent to make use of its ports or Waters as the base
of naval operations against the other, of for the
purpose of the renewal or augmentation of mili
tary supplies or arms, or the recruitment of men.
Thirdly, to exercise dae diligence in Its own
ports and waters, and as to all persons within its
jurisdiction, to prevent any violation of the rore
going obligations and duties. "
iter Britannie majesty naa """ -
commissioners aud plenipotentiaries to declare
that her majesty's government cannot assent to
the foregoing rules as a statement of principles
of international law which were in force at the
time the claims mentioned in Article I arose, but
that her majesty's government, in order to evince
its desire of strengthening the friendly relations
bet a ecu the two countries, and of making satis,
factory provision for the future, agrees that in
deciding the questions between the two countries
arising out of those claims the arbitrators should
assume that ber majesty's government bad under
taken to act upon the principles set forth in these
And the high contracting parties agree to ob
serve these rules as between themselves in future,
and to bring them to the knowledge of other mari
time powers, and to invite them to accede to them.
and I see;
The decision of the tribunal shall, if possible.
be made within three months from the close of
the argument on both sides.
It shall be made in writinr and dated, and shall
be signed by tbe arbitrators who may assent to it.
IM said tribunal shall first determine as to
each vessel separately whether Great Britain has.
by any act or omission, failed to fulfil any of the
duties set forth in the foregoing three rules, or
recognized oy the principles or international law
not inconsistent with such rules, and shall certify
such fact as to each of tbe said" vessels. In case
tbe tribunal find that Great Britain has failed to
fulfil any duty or duties as aforesaid, it may, if it
think proper, proceed to award a sum in gross to
be paid by Great Britain to the United States for
all the claims referred to it ; and in such ease the
gross sum so awarded shall be paid in coin by the
government of Great Britain to the government
or. tne initea btates, at Washington, within
twelve months after the date of the award.
.. ise award snail be in duplicate, one - copy
whereof shall be delivered to the agent of the
United States for his government, and the other
copy shall be delivered to the agent of Great
Britain tor his govern moot.
Each government shall pay its own agent and
provide tor the proper remuueration of the coun
sel employed by it and of the arbitrator appointed
by it, and for the expense of preparing and sub
mitting its case to the tribunal. All other ex
penses connected with the arbitration shall be de
frayed by the two governments in equal moioties.
The arbitrators shall keep an accurate record
of their proceedings, and may appoint and em
ploy the necessary officers to assist them.
ARTICLE X. "
In case the tribunal finds that Great Britain
has failed to fulfil any duty or duties as aforesaid,
and does not award a sum in gross, the high con
tracting parties agree that a board of assessors
shall be appointed to ascertain and determine
what claims aie valid, and what amount or
amounts shall be paid by Great Britain to the
United States on account of the liabtlity arising
from such failure, as to each vessel, according to
the extent of such liability as decided by tbe ar
bitrators. Tbe board of assessors shall be constituted as
follows : One member thereof shall be named by
the President of the United States, one member
thereof shall be named by Her Britannie Majesty,
and one member thereof shall be named by the
representative at Washington of his mrjesty the
Kiner of Ituly ; and in case of a vacancy Happen
ing from any cause, it shall be filled, in the same
manner in which the original appointment was
As soon as possible after such nominations the
board of assessors shall be organized in Washing
ton, with power to bold their sittings there, or in
New York, or in Boston. The members thereof
shall severally subscribe a solemn declaration thai.
they will impartially and care.ully examine
and deeidc, to the best of their judgment
and according to justice and equity, all
matters submitted to them, and shall forthwith
proceed, under such rules and regulations as they
may prescribe, to the investigation of the claims
which shall be p esc i ted to them by the govern
ment of the United States, and shall examine and
deckle upon them in such order and manner as
they shall think proper, but on such evidence only
as shall be furnished by or on behalf of the gov
ernments of tbe Uuited States and of Great Brit
ain, respectively. - They shall be bound to hear
on each seperata claim, if required, one person
on behalf of each government, as counsel or
agent. A majority of the assessors in each ease
shall be sufficient lor a decision. .
The decision of the assessors shall be given
in writing, and shall be signed by them respec
tively and dated.
. - Every claim shall be presented to the assessors
within six months from the day of their first
meeting, but -they may, for good cause shown,
extend tbe time for the presentation of any claim
to a further period not exceeding three mouths. ,
The assessors shall report to each government
at or before the expiration of one year from the
date of their first meeting the amount of claims
decided by them up to the date of such report ;
if further claims remain undecided, tney snail
make a further report at or before the expiration
uf two years from the date of such first meeting ;
and in case any claims remain undetermined at
that time, they shall make a final report within a
nrtber period of six mouths.
The report or reports snail oe maae in dupli
cate, and one copy thereof shall be delivered to
the Secretary of State ot the United States, and
one- copy thereof to the representative of Her
Britannic Majesty at Washington.
All sums of money which may be awarded un
der this article shall be payable at Washington,
in coin, within twelve months after the delivery
of each report.
The board of assessors may employ such clerks
as tney snail think necessary.
The high contracting parties engage to consider
tbe result of the proceedings, of the tribunal of
arbitration, and or tbe board or assessors should
such board be appointed, as a full, perfect, and
final settlement of all tbe claims hereinbefore re
ferred to ; and further engage that every such
claim, whether ths same may or may not have
been presented to the notice of, made, preferred,
or laid before the tribunal or board, be considered
and treated as finally settled, barred, and thence
The high Contracting parties agree that all
claims on the part of corporations, companies, or
private individuals, citizens of tbe United states.
upon the government of Hsr Britannic Majesty,
arising out of, acts committed against tbe persons
or property of citizens of the United States dur
ing the period between the thirteenth of Anril.
eighteen hundred and sixty-one, and the ninth of
April, eighteen hundred and sixty-five, inclusive.
not being claims growing out of the acts of the
vessels referred to in article 1 or this treaty, and
all claims, with tbe like exception, on tbe part of
corporations, companies, or private individuals.
subjects of Her Britannic Majesty, npon tbe gov
ernment or the United states, arising out or acts
committed against the persona or properey of sub
jects of Her Britannic Majesty during the same
period, which may hare been presented to either
government for its interposition with the other,
and which yet remain unsettled, as well as any
other such elaims which may be presented within
tbe tune specified in Article JLIV of this treaty.
shall be referred to three ejmmiaaioners, to be
appointed in the following manner, that is to say :
One commissioner shall be named by tbe Presi
dent of the United States, one by Her Britannie
majesty, and a turd by tbe President ot the Uni
ted btatea and Her Britannic Maiestv eoniointlv:
uu mi case me mint commissioner snail not nave
been so named within a period of three months
from the date of the exehana-e of the ratifications
of this treaty, then tbe third commissioner shall
be named by tbe representative at Washington of
his majesty the King of Spain. . In ease of tho
death, absence, or incapacity of any .eommis-
vi in ine event oi any commissioner emit
ting or ceasing to act, the vacancy shall be filled
iu u manner neretnoerore provided for making
the original appointment j the period of three
monins in ease or sneb substitution -being calcu
lated from the date of the happening of the va
cancy. ' . . .. V -
The commissioners so named shall meet at
Washington at the earliest convenient period after
they have been respectively named j and shall,
before proceeding to any business, make and sub
scribe a solemn declaration that they will impar
tially and carefully exasane and decide, to the
best of their judgment, and according to justice
and equity, all such claims as shall be laid before
them en the part of the governments of the Uni
ted State and of Her Britannie Majesty, respeo
tirejy; and such declaration shall be entered on
the record of their proceedings. " , f
The commissioners shall then forthwith proceed
to the investigation of the claims which shall be
presented to them'. - They shall investigate and
decide such claims in such order and such man
ner as they may think proper, but npon sueh evi
dence or information oniy as snau -De inrmimea
by or on behalf of the respective governments.
They shall be bound to receive and consider all
written documents or statements which may be
presented to them by or on behalf of the respec
tive governments in support of, or in answer to
any claim, and to hear, if required, one person
on each side, on behalf of each government, as
eounsel or agent for such government, on each
and every Separata claim, ."A majority of Mbe
cummisiiinen shall be sufficient Mxc an award in
each ease. Tbe award shall be given upon each
claim in writing, and shall be signed by the com
missioners assenting to it. It shall be competent
for each government to name one person to attend
the commissioner as its agent, to present and sup
port claims on its behalf, and to answer elaims
made upon it, and to represent it generally in all"
matters connected with the investigation and de
The high contracting? narties herebv en trace to
consider tbe decision of tbe commissionets as ab
solutely final and conclusive upon each claim de
cided upon by them, and to give full effect to suco
decisions without any objection, evasion, or delay
ARTICLE XIV. '
Every claim shall be presented to tbe commis
sioners within six months from the day of their
first meeting, unless in anv case where reasons
for delay shall be established to tbe satisfaction
of tbe commissioners, and then, and in any sucn
ease, the period for presenting the claim may be
extended bv them to any time not exceeding
three months longer.
The commissioners shall be bound to examine
and decide upon every claim within two years
from the day of their first meeting. It shall be
competent for the commissioners to decide in each
case whether any claim has or has not been duly
made, preferred, and laid before them, cither
who'ly or to any and what extent, according to
the true intent and meaning of this treaty.
All sums of money which may be awarded by
tbe commissioners on account of any claim shall
be paid by the one government to the other, as
the ease may be, within twelve months after tbe
date of the final award, without interest, and
without any deduction save as specified in Article
XVI of this treaty.
The commissioners shall keep an accurate rec
ord, and correct minutes or notes oi all their pro
ceeding, with tbe dates thereof, and may appoint
and employ a secretary, and any other necessary
officer or officers, to assist them in the transaction
of tbe business which may come before them.
Each government shall pay its own commis
sioner and agent or eounsel. All other expenses
shall be defrayed by the two governments in
The whole expenses of the commission, includ
ing contingent expenses, shall be defrayed by a
ratable deduction on tbe amonut of the sums
awarded by tbe commissioners, provided always
that such deduction shall not exceed the rate of
five per cent on the sums so awarded.
The high contracting parties engage to consider
tbe result of the proceedings of tiiis commission
as a full, perfect, and final settlement of alt such
claims as are mentioned in Article XII of this
treaty upon either government ; and further en
gage that every such claim, whether or not tbe
same may hare been presented to the notice of,
made, preferred, or laid before the said commis
sion, shall, from and after the conclusion of the
proceedings of the said commission, be consid
ered and treated as finally settled, barred, and
It is agreed by the high contracting parties
that, in addition to tbe liberty secured to the
United States fishermen by the convention be
tween the Uuited States and Great Britain, sigued
at London on the twentieth day of October, 1818,
of taking, cur ng, and drying fish on certaiu
coasts of the British North American Colonies
therein defined, the inhabitants of the United
States shall have, in common with tbe subjects of
Her Britannic Majesty, tbe libertv, for the term
of years mentioned in Article XXX1U of this
treaty, to take hah of every kind, except sbell
fish, on tbe sea coasts and shores, and in the bays,
harbors and creeks, of the provinces of Quebee,
Nova Scotia, and Hew Brunswick, and the col
ony of Prince Edward's Island, and of tbe sev
eral islands thereunto adjacent, without being re
stricted to any distance from the shore, with per
mission to land upon the said coasts and shores
and islands, aud also npon tbe Magdalen Islands,
for the purpose of drying their nets and curing
their fish ; provided that, in so doing, they do not
interfere with the rights of private property, or
with - British fishermen- in the peaceable use of
any part of the said coasts in their occupancy fur
tbe same purpose.
It is understood that the above mentioned lib
erty applies solely to tbe sea fishery, aud that the
salmon and shad fisheries, and all other fisheries
in rivers and tbe mouths of rivers, are hereby re
served exclusively for British fishermen.
It is set reed by the high contracting parties
that British subjects shall bave, in common with
the citizens of the United States, thi liberty, for
the term of years mentiuned in Article XXX11I
of this treaty, to take fish of every kind except
shell-fish, on the eastern sea coasts and bores of
the Uuited States north of the thirty-ninth paral
lel of north latitude, and on the shores of the
several islands thereunto adjacent, and in tho
bays, harbors, and creeks of the said sea coasts
and shores ot tbe United States and of the said
islands, without being restricted to any distance
from tbe shore, with permission to land upon the
said coasts of the United tates and of the islands
aforesaid, for the purpose of drying their nets
and curing tbeir fish ; provided that, in so doing
they do not interfere with tbe rights, of private
property, or with tbe fishermen of the United
States in the peaceable use of any part of the said
coasts in tneir occupancy lor tne same purpose
It is understood that the above mentioned lib
erty applies solely to the sea fishery, and that sal
mon and shad fisheries, and all other fisheries in
rivers and mouths of rivers, are hereby reserved
exclusively for fishermen of tbe United States.
ARTICLE XX. -v
It is agreed that the places designated by the
Commissioners appointed under the first Article of
the treaty between tbe United btates and Great
Britain, concluded at Washington on the 5th day
of June, 1864, upon the coasts of Her Britannie
Majesty's Dominions and the United States,
places reserved from the common right of fishing
under that Treaty, shall be regarded as in like
manner reserved from the common right of fish
ing under the preceding articles. ; In case should
any question arise between tbe Government oi the
United States and of Her Britannie Majesty as to
the common right of fishing in places not thus
designated as reserved, it is agreed that a Com
mission shall be appointed to designate such
places, and shall be constituted in tbe same man
ner, and bave tne same powers, duties, and au
thority as the Commission appointed under tba
said first Article of the Treaty of the 5th of June,!
It is agreed that, for tbe term of years men
tioned in Article XXXIII of this Treaty, fish oil
and fish of all kinds, (except fish of tbe inland
lakes, and of the rivers falling iuto them, and ex
cept nali preserved in oil,) being the produce
the fisheries of the United States, or of tbe Duinin
ion of Canada, or of Prince Edward's 1 gland, shall
be admitted into each country, respectively, tree
or duty. .- ------ i
, . . ARTICLE XXIT.
Inasmuch as it is asserted by the Government
of Her Britannic Majesty that the privileges ac
corded to the citizens of the United Ktata under
Article XVIII of this Treaty are of greater value
tli an those accorded by Articles XIX and XXI of
this Treaty to the sojects of Her Britannie Maj
esty, and this assertion is not admitted by tbe
Government of the Uni ed States, it is further
agreed that Commissioners shall be appointed t
determine, baring regard to tbe privileges accord
ed Vy the United States to the subjects 'of ner
Brttannte Majesty, as stated in Arucies aia u
XXIof this Treaty, ths amount of any compensa
tion which, io their opinion, ought', to be paid by
the fiovernmeut of the United States to the Gov
ernment of Her Britannie Majesty in return for
tbe privileges accorded to the citizens of the Uni
ted States under Article XVIII of this Treaty ;
and that any sum of money which the said Com
muunaners may so award shall be paid by . the
United States Government. In a gross sum, within
twelve mocths after such award shall have been
given. .' 7 ' ' ' . ' -.
ARTICLE XXIII. "
The Commissioners referred to in tbe preceding
Article shall be appointed in the following man
ner, that is to say l One Commissioner shall -be
named by the President of tbe United States, one.
by Her Britannic Majesty, end a third- by- the
President of tbe United States and Her Britannia
Majesty conjointly; and in case the third Com
missioner shall not bave been so named within n
period of three months from the date when this
article shall take effect, then the third Commis
sioner shall be named by the Representative at
London of His Majesty theKmperor of Austria
and King of Hungary, 4a case of the death, ab-
seenee incapacity of any Commissioner, or in the i
event of any commissioner omitting or ceasing to 1
act, tne vacancy shall be Jllled in tbe manner
hereinbefore provided for makisg tbe original ap
pointment, tbe period of three monins TO case or
sucn substitution being calculated fro tit the date
of the happening of the vacancy..
The Commissioners so named shall meet in the
City of Halifax, in the Province of Nova Scotia,
at tbe earliest convenient period after they have
been respectively named, and shall, before pro
ceeding to any business, make ..and subscribe a
solemn declaration that they will impartially and
carefully examine and decide the matters referred
to tbem to tbe best of tbeir judgment, and accord
ing to justice and equity ; and such declaration
shall be- entered on the record of their proceed-
iDEaeh if the High Contracting Parties shall also
name one person to attend tbe Commission as its
agents, to represent it generally in all matters
connected with the Commission, ij
The nroceedines shall be conducted in such
order as the Commissioners appointed nnder Ar
ticles XXII and XXIII of this Treaty' shall de
termine. They shall be bound to receive such
oral or writ .en testimony as either Government
nresent. If either Party shall offer oral tes
timony, tbe other party shall have tbe right of
cross-examination, under such rules as the Com
missioners shall prescribe, ' :
It in the case submitted to the Commissioners
either Party shall bave specified Or allitfled to any
report or document in its own exclusive posses
sion, without annexing a' copy, such Party shau
be bound, if the other Party thinks proper to ap
ply for it, to furnish that Party with a Copy
thereof; and either party may call upon the
other, through tbe Commissioners, to produce the
originals or certified copies of any papers adduced
as evidence, giving in each instance such reason
able notice as the Commissioners may require.
The case on either side shall be closed within a
period of six months from the date of the organi
zation of the Commission, and the Commissioners
shall be reouested to eive their award as soon as
possible thereafter. The. 'aforesaid period of arxr
months may be extended for three months in case
of a vacancy occurring among tbe Commissioners
under tbe circumstances contemplated in Article
XXIII of this Treaty. - "
ARTICLE XXV. - Jj
The Commissioners shall keep an accurate rec
ord and correct minutes or notes of all tbeir pro
ceedings, with the dates thereof, and may appoint ,
and employ a secretary and other necessary officer
or officers to assist theni in tbe transaction of tbe
business which may come before them. ' j
Each of the High Contracting Parties sbi'l pay
its own Commissioner and agent or eou ; all
other expenses shall be defrayed by the two Gov
ernment in equal moieties. "
The navigation of the river of St. Lawrence, as
cending and descending, from tbe forty-fifth par
allel uf north latitude, where it ceases to form the
boundary between the two countries, from, to, and
into the sea, shall forever remain free aud open
for the purposes of commerce to the eitizons of the
United States, subject K. any laws and regulations
of Great Britain, or of tbe Dominion of Canada,
not inconsistent with such privilege of free navi
The navigation of the rivers Yukon, Porcupine,
and Stikine, ascending and descending, from, to
and into the sea, shall forever remain free ami
open for the purposes of commerce to the subjects
of Her Britannic Majesty and to the citizens of
the United States, subject to any laws and regu
lations of either country within its own territory.
nut inconsistent with such privilege or tree navi
Tbe Government of Her Britannie Majesty en
gages to urge upon the Government of the Po-
nunion of Canada to secure to tbe citizens oi tne
United States tbe use of the Wetland, St. Law
rence and otner canals in toe Dominion on terms
of equality witb the inhabitants of the Dominion ;
and tbe Government of the United States en
gages that the subjects of Her Britannic Majesty
shall enjoy the use of the St. Clair Flats Canal on
terms of equality with the inhabitants of the
United States, and further en gages tJ urge upon
the State Governments to secure to the subiests
of Her Britannie Majesty tho nse of the several
State Canals connected with the navigation of the
lakes or rivers traversed by or contiguons to ho
boundary line between tbe possessions ot tbe
High Contracting fames, on terms or equality
with tbe inhabitants of tbe United Btates.
Tbe navigation of Lake Michigan shall also,
for the term of years mentioned in Article
XXXIII of this Treaty, be free and open for the
purposes of commerce to the subjects of Her
Britannie Majesty, subject to any laws and regu
lations of tbe United States or of the States bor
dering thereon not inconsistent with sueh privi
lege of free navigation. ; '
- ARTICLE XXIX.
It ti agreed that, for the term of years men
tioned in Article XXXIII of this Treaty, roods,
wares, or merchandise arriving at tbe ports ' of
New ork, Boston, and Portland, and any other
ports in the United States which have been or
may, from time to time, be specially designated
by the President of the United States, and des
tined for Her Britannic Majesty's Possessions in
North America, be entered at the proper custom
bouse and conveyed in transit, without the pay
ment of duties, through the territory of the United
Slates, under such rules, regulations, and condi
tions for the protection of the revenue aa the Gov
eminent of the United States may from time! to
time prescribe ; and uuder like rules, regulations,
and conditions, goods, wares, or merchandise may
be conveyed in transit, without tbe payment of
duties, from such Possessions through the terri
tory of the United States (or export from the said
ports of the United States.
It is further agreed that, for the like period
goods, wares, or merchandise arriving at any of
tbe porta or Her JJritannie Majesty s Possessions
in North America, and destined for the United
States may be entered at the proper custom-boa sa
and conveyed in transit, without the payment of
duties, through the said Possessions, nnder such
rules and regulations, and conditions for the pro
tection of the revenue as the Governments of the
said Possessions may from time to time prescribe ;
and, under like rules, regulations, and conditions,
goods, wares, or merchandise may be conveyed in
transit, without payment of duties, from tbe
United States, through tbe said Possessions to
other places in tbe United States, or for export
from ports m tbe said Possessions.
It is agreed that, for the term of years men.
tioned in Article XXXIII of this Treaty, subjects
of Her Britannic Majesty may carry in British
vessels, without payment or duty, goods, wares,
or merchandise from one port or place within the
territory of tbe United States npon the St. Law
rence, the Great Lakes, and the rivers connecting
the same, to another porter plaeewithin tbe territory
of tbe United states as aforesaid : Provided, That
a portion of such transportation is made through
the Dominions of Canada by land carriage nod in
bond, under such rule and regulations as may
he agreed upon between the Government ef Jler
Britannie Majesty and tbe. Government of the
United States, -v. ,:, w -. !L
. citizens oi tne uniiea r-iaies may tor ..aUce
period carry in United States vessels. With out pay
in. nt of duty, goods, wares, or nieruoandise from
one poit or place within tl possessions of Her
Britannic Majesty in Korth America to another
port or place wit',n i.De said Possession- Pro
vided. That & portion of such transportation is
made thryogb. the territory of the United States
by tend Carriage and in bond, under sueh rules
and vegulalions as may be agreed upon between
.'ne Government of the United Slates and the Gov-
mentof Her Britannie Majesty. - '2.
The Government of tbe United States further
engages not to impose anyeaport duties on goods.
wares, or oiervnanuiso - "
through the territory of the United States J and
Her Majesty's uovernmeu rass n
Parliament of tbe Dominion of Canada and the
I. .'ilatare of other colonies not to impose any
export 1 ties on goods, wares r or merchandise
carrie nodes' this article;-, and the Governnaent
of tbe United 'States may, in ease such export du
ties are imposed by the JJommtou of Canada, sus
pend, during 'the period that such duties ara im
posed, the rigfat-r carrying granted under this
article in favor of the subjects of Her Britannie
Majesty..,--4 ., - ." " r... .
The Go vernment of the United States may sus
pend the right ef carrying granted u- favor of the
subjects of Her Britanmo Majesty under this arti
cle, ia case the Dominion of Canada should at any
time deprive the citizens of tbe United States of
the use oi the canals in the Dominion on tin an of
equality with the inhabitants of the Dominion,' as
provided in Article XXVII.
fX'AftTlCVS XXXI.' ' V ' '
The . Government of Her .Britannie , Majesty
further engages to urge upea the Parliament ef
the Dominion wf Canada and the Legislature of
New Brunswick, that ie export duty, or other
duty, shall be levied on lumber or Umber of any
kind eat on that portion of the American terri
tory in the State of Maine watered bv the river
St. John and its tributaries, and floated down that
river to the sea, when the same is shipped t "-the
United States from the Province of New Brwns
wick. And, in ease suoh export or ether duty
continues to be levied after the expiration of one
year from the dale or to? exchange or tne ratin
eationt of this Treaty , it is agreed that the Gov
ernment of the United States may "suspend 'the -
right or carrying hereinbefore granted under. Ar
ticle XXX. of this Treaty for such period as such
export Of ether dnty may be levied., ...
It is further agreed that the provisions and
stipulations of Articles XVIII to XXV or this
Treaty, inclusive, shall extend .to tba Colony of
Newfoundland, so far as they are applicable.- But
if the Imperial Parliament, the - Legislature of
Newfoundland, or the Congress", of tbe . United
States, shall not embrace the Colony of Newfound
land in their laws enacted for carrying the fore
going articles into effect, then this article shall
be of no effect ; but the omission to make provis
ion by law to give it effect, by either of the leg
islative bodies aforesaid, shall not in any: way
impair any other articles ef this Treaty, -ARTICLE
Tbe foregoing Articles XVIII to XXV, inclu
sive, and Article XXX of this Treaty, shall take
effect as soon as the laws required to carry them
into operation shall have passed by the Imperii!
parliament of Great Britain, by the Parliament of
Canada, and by the Legislature of Prince Jd
ward's Island on tbe one hand, and the Congress
of the United States on tbe other. Such assent
having been git-en, the said articles shall remain
in force for the period of ten years from the data
at which they may come into operation ; and fur
ther until the expiration of two years after either
of the High Contracting Parties shall bave given
nol.'oe to the other of its wish to terminate tbe
same : ea?b of the High Contracting Parties be-
in r at libertv J give such notice to tbe other at
the end of said period of ten years or at any time
Whereas it was stinulated bv Article I nf tbe
Traatv eonelnded at Waahinirton on tLe 15'b of
June, 1846, between the United States and Her
Britannic Majesty, that the line of boundary be
tween the territories of the United btates and
those of Her Britannic Majesty, from the point on
tbe forty-ninth parallel of north Latitude up to
which it had already been ascertained, should be
cod tinned westward along tbe said parallel of
north latitude "to tbe middle ef the channel
which separates tbe continent from Vancouver's
Island, and tbenca southerly, through the middle
of the said channel and of i'uea Straits, to the
Pacific Ocean ; ' and whereas tbe Commissioners
appointed by the two High Contracting Parties to
determine that portion of the boundary which
runs southerly through tbe middle of the channel
aforesaid, were unable to agree upon the same ;
and whereas the Government of Her Britannio
Majesty claims that such boundary line should.
under the terms of tbe Treaty above recited, be
run through the Rosario Straits, and the Govern- !
ment of tbe United Btates claim that it should be
run through tbe Canal ie Haro, it is agreed that
the respec'ive elaims of the Government of
the United States and of the Govern
ment of Her Britaunic Majesty shall be
submitted to tbe arbitration and award of His
Majesty the Emperor of Germany, who, having
regard to the above-mentioned article of the said
Treaty, shall decide thereupon, finally and with
out appeal, which of those claims ia most in accord
ance with the true interpretation of the Treaty of
June 15th, 1S46.
ARTICLE ' XXXV.
The award of His Majesty the Emperor of Ger
many shall be considered as absolutely final and
conclusive ; and full effect shall be given to such
award without any objection, evasion, or delay
whatsoever. Such decision shall be given in
writing and dated ; it shall be in whatsoever form
His Majesty may choose to adopt ; it shall be de
livered to the Representatives or other public
agents of the United States and of Great Britain,
respectively, wbo may be actually at Berlin, and
shall be considered as operative from the day of
the date of the delivery thereof.
The written or printed case of each of the two
Parties, accompanied by the evidence offered in
support of the same, shall be laid before His Maj
esty the Emperor of Germany within six months
from tbe date of the exchange of the ratifications
of this Treaty, and a eopy of such case and evi
dence shall be communicated by -each Party to
tbe other, through tbeir respective Representa
tives at Berlin.
The High Contracting Parties may conclude in
tbe evidence to be considered by tbe Arbitrator
such documents, official correspondence, and other
official or public statements bearing on tbe subject
of the reference as may be considered necessary to
the support of their respective cases.
After tbe written or printed case shall have
been communicated by each Party to tbe other,
each Party shall have the power of drawing up
and laying before tbe Arbitrator a second and
definite statement, if it think fit to do so, in reply
to tbe case of the other party so communicated,
which definate statement shall be laid before the
Arbitrator, ai.d also be mutually communicated in
tbe same manner as aforesaid, by each Party to
tbe other, within six months from the date of lay
ing the first statement of the case before the Ar
If, in the case submitted to the Arbitrator,
either Party sball specify or allude to any report
or document in its own exclusive possession with
out annexing a ropy, such Party sball be bound,
if tbe other Party thinks proper to apply for it,
to furnish that Party with a eopy thereof, and
either Parly may call npon the other, through tbe
Arbitrator, to produce the originals or certified
copies of any papers adduced as evidence, giving
ia each instance such ressouable notice as the Ar
bitrator may require. And if tbe Arbitrator
should desire further elucidations or evidence with
resrard to any point contained io the statements
laid before him, he shall be at liberty to require it
from cither Party, and he shall be at liberty to
bear one eounsel or agent for each Party, in
lation to any matter, and at sueh time, and in
such manner, as be may think fit.
Tbe Representatives or other public Agents of
the United States and of Great Britain at Berlin,
respectively, shall be considered as the agents of
their respective Governments to conduct their
eases before tbe Arbitrator, who shall be requested
to address all bis communications, and give alt
bis notices to such Representatives or other pub
lic Agents, wbo shall represent tbeir respective
Governments, generally, in all matters connected
with the arbitration.
ARTICLE XXXIX. . - - .
It shall be competent to the arbitrator to pro
ceed in said arbitration, and all matters relating
thereto, as when he shall see fit, either in person,
or by a person or persons named by him for that
purpose, either, ia the presence or absence of
cither or both agents, and either orally or by writ
ten discussion or otherwise.
the end that tte snrae, and every eleese and ar
ticle thereof,-may bo observed and fulfilled with
good faith by the United Btates sad the citizens
thereof. - . 'i--------;-" .---r fit'
In witness whereof. I hare hereunto set my
band and caused the seal of the United States to
'be affixed, v - ,-., -. -
Done at at the City of Washington this lounn
day of Jnly, in the year of our Lord one
skau thousand eight hundred and seventy-
one, ana or tne jnaepeouenoe ei we
United States the ninety-sixth.
U. S. GRANT.
By &o President s .
Hikitroa Fisn, Secretary ef Slate.
CouDty Fair next montb prepare.
w. nrnvuii &. co.,
Having just received Large and well selected
; Btock of i
, 3Euau"JL"XJ NTT
FARMER'S & MECHANIC'S TOOLS
ANVILS, VICES,; BELLOWS,
: j Sledges, : Sledges,
Saws. Saws. Saws, ; i
Planes, Planes, Planes,
Corss-Cnt and Mill Saws
Together with a large assortment of .
iizoiv ts;i steel
Nails, Nails, NaiW. J: .
: " Springe, Sprinirs, Springs,
Axles, Thlmble-SkeinS, Colts, StcJ, sfce.
Also, n well Selected Stock ; of
SPOKES, HUBS, BEST-KIMS,
SHAFTS, POLES, HICKORY AXLES, ETC.,
All of . which we are now offering to the public
at low rates." As we make the business a spec
ialty, we can and will keep a better assortment at
lower prices than any Boose in uus city.
A FEW REASONS WHY
A R I ON PIANO
Receiving and opening n large and splendid
assortment of ...-..,......
wood Am wiuow wars.
Which we offer at reduced rates. 1
W. Ii. KCUa to.
In the Monteith Fire-proof Brick, First-st.
Mareh l7e-27 ; t .
ILL-HEAD PAPER, all sises, just received
and for sale at this office, low for cash.
SAMS DBIU STORE.
r. h. Mcdonald & co.,
Call the attention of Dealers to tbeir large sseort.
mentof " Newly Arrived - dr composed
part or me iouowinsj "-,c"l."rli7i, vZ
every thins: kept In a well supplied. WHULE
PaUITS AMD On,
-Which we offer at the lowest Cash Prices, and
are determined not to be andersola.
b. h. Mcdonald co, rAcieoo, cai-
Our Drug- Business located in San Fran
cisco, Usu. Alter our nest wisnos, ana express
ing our thanks for the liberal patronage
wo have received for more than twenty-one
years, during which period we bave been steadily
engaged in the Drug business in California, we
beg to say in consequence or tne rapia growin oi
Dr. Walkers California Vinegar Bitters, now
spread over the United States and countries far
beyond, we are necessitated to devote our entire
time to said business.
We are the Oldest Drug firm on the Pacific
Coast and the only one, continuous under the
same proprietors since 1849, and have determined
to sell our large; prosperous, and well established
business on favorable terms.
This is a rare opportunity for men with means,
of entering into a profitable business with advan
tages never before oflered.
k or particulars enquire or
T b. ii. Mcdonald a co..
R. H. MiDojald, Wholesale Druggists.
J. C. KpEncan. I San Francisco, Cal.
K. B. Until a sale is made we shall continue
our importations and keep a large stock of fresh
goods constantly on hand, and sell at prices to
Tbe Great Medical Wseerery t
Sr. WAT.aTKTVS OAXJCFOR27IA.
Hondreds of Tkoutfinds ?L
r to thehr Wonder. S j?
SUPERIOR TO ALL OTHER 0.
THE ARION PIANO-FORTE has Greater
Power than any other other Piano-Forte manu .
it WTi.T. HTaim nr : tttwe t.okoeb. '
and in its mechanical construction it is more per,
feet, and therefore, more durable than anv instru
ment constructed in the usual modern style.
The arangement of the Agraffe, tbe manner off
st ringing, the peculiar form and arrangement ef
tbe Iron Frame,
Supersedes all Otfiere. ;
The use of a bart, (which is a part of the Iron
Frame) on a line witb ths heavy steel stringing.
(treat Strength .,
Where most needed, and in this respect all other
The construction of the WREST PLANK, into
which the Toning Pins are inserted, is such that it
is impossible for the pins to become loosened, or
the Wrest Plank itself to split, as is too often the '
ease in other Piano-Fortes,
THE EXTRAORDINARY EVEN
Throughout the entire scale, tho excellent Singing
Length and Purity on Vibration,1
All go to prove what we claim, vis. : that the)
A i ion Piano-Forte
Is the Best Instrument Manufactured-
Are used Exclusively in the
of New York city. 1
The most severe test a piano can rceclve'is con-'
stant use in a Conservatory. .
C 9 eaam ,. ja sv n - mum n t.
g a Wl-I I MKal I UE.Y Ygs
5 w B aw mafc
2 X W I "V X
5 M S
: The Arbitrator may, if be thinks fit, Appoint a
secretory, or clerk , for tbe purr-te oi the proposed
arbitration, at such rate of -.emuneration as be
may think proper. Tnis, and all other expenses
of and connect -(j, tn, nii arbitration, shall
be proTida fjT as' hereinafter stipulated. "
-;r:"' "? ARTICLE XLI. ; :.' :' -:Xhe
Arbitrator shall be reouested to deliver,
tosetber with his award, an account of a'l the
costs and expenses which be may have been put
to in relation to tnis matter, whicn snau loriuwiw
be repaid by the two Governments in equal moie
ties. . r -
- ARTICLB XLUj
The Arbitrator shall be requested to give his
award in writing as early as convenient after the
whole ease on each side sball bave been laid, be
fore bim, and to deliver one eopy thereof to each
of the said agents.
-. - AttliUJUlS AL.X1L : J' ,
The present Treaty shall be duly ratified bv the
President of the United States of America, by and
with the advice and consent of the Senate there
of, and by Her Britannie Majesty : and tbe rati-
c : u . 1 1 i i' i -. i . ... . .
uv.iiuub nii.i ic Mcsingvii vuoev at vr aaningioa
or at London within six months from tho date
thereof, or earlier if possible. . -
in faith whereof, we, the respective Pleninoten-
tiaricj, have signed this Treaty and have here
unto affixed our seals. - - -
Pone in duplicate at Washington tbe eiirhth
'ay of May, in the year of Our Lord one thousand
eight hundred and seventy-one. - . -
ICS. HAMILTON FISH.
It. S.J J R0BT. . SCHENCK. - ' T
l.S.1 SAMUEL NELSON.
fi s. ; IiBJSNfcZKRt ROCK WOOD HOAR.
!,. . , Gt.O. H- WILLIAMS.
IL. s. . Tis GRAT A RIPON. -
L. . " STAFFORD H. NO fTHCOTE.
L.S.. . EDWD.Tl'OBNTQN.
l. . JOHN A. MACDONALD.
t. s.J MOUNTAGUK BHRNARD-
And whereas the said Treaty has been duly rat-
uum mm owe paras, ana tne respective ratifica
tions or tbe same were exchanged in the city of
ijouaon, on tbe seventeenth day of June, 1871 , by
Robert C. Schenck, Envoy Extraordinary and
Minister' Plsnipotentiary-of the U sited States, and
Earl Granville, Her Majesty's Priaeieal 8aeretarv
of Bute for Foreign Affairs, on the part' of (heir
respective Governments: .'- -f.-vt - V -f
'- Now. therefore, be It known that LCltsiii 8.
Gbaut, President ef the United States of America,
have eaused the said Treaty to be mads public, to
2 THEY ASK WOT A VTLK . 3 25
H FANCY dRINK,F.ri
Mie Oi Poor Unas, Whisker. Ptre-f
Spirits and Zlatm so Lhsm doctored, aotsed
and sweetenod to please the taste, callaa"T
lee, Appetisers, Restorers, that lead
tbe tippler oa to ennkenass and rate, but are
a true Medtctne.made from tneBattve Beets and
Herb or OUTerola, free trams aft A teak tie
' BtlaaulsiHt-w They are the UREA T BLOOD
. PURIFIER aud LirB GITIXU PRIN-
- CIPLSa perfect Renovator andlavlgorator of
r the Bvssem , eaxir tag- on all pofsonees matter and.
restoring- the blood to a healthy condition.- Ko
person can take thjose "Bitten according to djree
tloa ami remain loos; unwerf.
ty r Inda wsaw. tory mad Chreale Rk.
nvnsliws mad Gent, Dyetsenetn er India
sjeeslee. Bilious, Itealtteat.aad later
snlttetat Fevers, Diseases ef the Bleed,
ldver, lildaera, and Blnddew. toes Bit.
tern bave been most successful. Suck Btna
emaea are eaused by Vitiated Bleed, which
. la generany axodneed by eenaaement of me
- Pisjeetlv-e Oram a.
BYSPKPSIA OR. INDIGESTION.
Headache. Pain In the 8horldrs, Coua-hs, Ttsjht.
nessof the Cheat. Dlrsmcss. Sour Eruetatloo. ot
the rstomach, Bad taste In the Month Bllioas At
tacks, Pelpltattoa ef the Heart, Inflammation of
toe Lungs,Faln In the retinas of the Kidneys, and
a hundred other painful eymntoms, are the en.
: They Invigorate toe Stomach and stimulate the
' torpid liver and bowels, which rander tbem of un
equalled eBcacy la eleanslag the blood of all
imparl Uea, and Imparting new Ufa and visor to
the whole system.
FOB SKIN DISEASES, ErepUona,Tetter.
Belt Baeam, Blotches, Spots, Flmplea. Pustules,
Boua, Carbuncles, King-Worm, Scald-Bead. Bore
" Kjea, Erysipelas, Itch, Scurf. Disco to ratloaa of
the Skin, Burners and Diseases of the 6k la. of
' whatever name ornatare. ara literally dag na
and carried out of the system In a short tone by
the use of these BMsers. Oae bottle in sueh
cases will oaavtooe the saoat lneredaloos of their
curative enceta. ' - . .
Cleanse the Vitiated Blood nheuerer you tad
)te tmsrartttm btaretle throngh the skin tanas.
plea. Eruptions or eores i cleanse It when yon
nad it obstructed and alofsiah In the veins
cleans H wheals la fot. aad roar reeUna wtn
tatl yea when. Keep the blood pure and dm
health of toe sjstsia will follow.
PIH, TAPK and other WORMS, tartrtn in
. the sj stem of sossnny thosstautls. are efTcetnalty
destroyed aad removed, roc full directions, reed
eeirefBUy the ctrcalar around each bottle.
J. WALKER. Proprtetor. B. H. MCDONALD sa
CO., Drunglsts and Oca. Aaeam, Ban Irenctsee,
Cat, and St aad St Cnumrii Street. Hew Tore.
OLD BT ALL DBrj-r9n-xa ASO DEALERS.
Read . The Following'.'
-- '' " - . j. 1-
It affords me much pit-sure to give you, in these
few lines, a very sincere testimonial for tbe Piano
Fortes of your manufacture. We hare now used
tho "Patent Arion Pianos" in onr Conservatories
fora year, and have had a fair opportunity of test
ing their durability during that time. Tbe Pianos
nave been played upon almost constantly, from
morning till night, and a Piano must indeed be a
good one wben it will bear such constant usewith-
r.ll t -knwSnw mlmm ..f .1 f . .. V , -
- "'e Mwwiiwy, Al l I rruicrm Iff f
i tune, it out rivals any Piano known to me.
Their peculiar sweetness or tone in the treble ,
(as compared to other Pianos with the ordinary,
metal agraffe arrangement ) is so striking that I
have bad pupils remark, while taking tbeir lessons,
that althoueh ther had at home what thev sun-
posed to be one of the best makes of Pianos, still
the treble was very wirey toned compared with the
What makes them still more desirable is their
uniform volume of tone, which enables an Artist to
perform a composition in i s true character.
In total, I ran conscientiously endorse all that is
claimed by tbe Arion Piano - Forte Company for
tbeir superb instruments, as I consider lucui su
perior to any other make.
Congratulating you upon tbe great suco ss you
have obtained in tbe manufacture of so perfect an
instrument, I remain yours.
New York, September 3, 1S70.
'''' - '
We want first-class and responsible Agents fn
every city and town where we have not already ap
pointed them. : ;
We have just Published
Our annual Illustrated Pamphlet, which contains
a full description of tbe interior construction of tbe
Patent Arion Piano-Forte, and aM tbe other leer
ing Pianos of the nrincwal makes: illustrated with
cuts, tbuacotraating the Arion with all other first.
class Pianos, .and proving .
Why and Where
Our Pianos are superior to any in tbe market. '
Onr pamphlet contains engravings of all the dif-
Wmm .v1. InilraiMHli w m n t . 1 1. .
giving a full description of each, so that a person
ean select the style they may desire to order, with,
tbe assurance that tbey will receive just as good sx
Piano as if they were in our warerooms to select it .
We have sold over Five Thousand Pianos, many of
them being shipped great distances, and we have
never yet received the first complaint. As we give,
a written guarantee with every Piano we manufac
ture, for five years, the purchaser ruas no risk.
Don't fait to writ far our pamphlet thick aw utai I
Free, and mken yoa write elate tchat paper yen saw
this notice in.
N. B. We caution the public from psuwheaing n
cheap Piano, which has -recently been put ia the
market, bearing the name "Arfon." All genuine
Arion Pianos bear tbe name "Patent Arion." and
ean only be purchased from our New York Ware,
rooms, or onr authorised Agents throughout the,
United States. ,
All kinds of
Mnslcal IastrnnesU Supplied.
No. S&4 Broadway, New York City