Image provided by: Hillsboro Public Library; Hillsboro, OR
About The Hillsboro argus. (Hillsboro, Or.) 1895-current | View Entire Issue (Dec. 12, 1895)
1IILLSB01K), OREGON. THURSDAY, DECEMBER 12. 189.).
Morgan of Alabama Makes
the First Speech.
IB QUESTION OF LIABILITY
In Hit Reference to tha I'ainphlet of
Vauucefote Ibe Senator Was
Scornful and Sarcastic.
Washington, Doc. 11. The feature
in the senate today was a speech by
Morgan, ohairmau of the ooniuiittee on
foreign relation, a rtfcmiber of the
Paris Bohring sea tribunal, upon a
resolution offered by him last week,
Instructing the foreign relations com
mittee to investigate the question of
liability of the United States for the
seizure of British ships in Buhriug sea
in 1800. Morgan took the position iu
the last oongress that the settlement of
these claims by tho payment of a lump
mm of f 425,000, as recommended by
the president, whs not wise nor proper.
His remarks on that occasion were the
subject of some sarcastic comment from
the British ambassador here, in the lat
her's official correspondence with Lord
Kimberley. The "correspondence was
printed recently from the British blue
book, and most of Morgan's speech to
day was devoted to paying his respects
to Sir Julian Pauncofote.
Bis resolution, which was as fol
lows, was unanimously adopted at the
conclusion of his spoeoh:
"Kesolved, That the message of the
president received by the senate today
(moaning December 8), relating to the
payment by tho United States of the
claim of Great Britain arising out of
the Bebring soa controversy, be referred
to the committee ou federal relations,
with instructions that said committee
examine into the question of said lia
bility tj Great Britain and amount of,
if any, liability on the part of Great
Britain or Canada arising out of said
controversy, and that said committee
ball have authority to report by bill
Tba Prisoner la Denied a New Trial
J nil Re Murphy.
Ban Franolsoo, Dec. 9. Judge Mur
phy denied Theodore Durrant's, mo
tion for a new trial, and ordered the
prisoner back to the county jail. In
ten days he will bo takon to Ban (juen
tin prison, there to await execution.
A large force of deputy sheriffs was
necessary to aid the police in guarding
the entrance to the courtroom. The
crowd was as large as during the trial.
Jndge Murphy briefly overruled the
motion for a new trial. He said ho
had twice reviewed all the testimony
in the oase and every ruliug he had
made during the trial. Ho bad ex
amined all the affidavits submitted
L .. TT. 1 .1 tl
ana an autnoruies cueu. do m u
lie thought an injustice had been done
the prisoner or any error made which
affected his rights he would not bosi
ttta in o-rnnt. a new trial whatever the
oonsequenoec or what criticism might
be made. But tho court was satisiied
no error had been made, and that Dur
rant's trial had been fair and impar
tial, that no right accorded to him bad
been invaded, and that the jury's ver-
diot bad been in accordance with the
law and evidence.
Durrant was then ordered to stand
up. The prisoner rose, pale and scowl
ing, but as impassive as ever. The
judge briefly reviewed the orime of
whioh Durrant had been found guilty
and expressed his entire oonourreuoe
with the verdict. - He advised Durrant
to seek repentance and forgiveness in a
divine source, now his only refugo.
The court then pronounced sentence,
whioh was that Durrant be kept iu
close confinement by the sheriff in the
county jail, and within ten days be de
livered to the warden of San quentin
state prison, there to be kept in close
confinement until such day, to be after
wards fixed, when he should be hanged
in San Quentin until dead.
Dnrrant heard his sentence without
a twitching muscle, staring at the
jndge defiantly. Then he sat down,
made some remark to his father and
Diokinson for the defendant, took
formal exception to the remarks of the
oonrt on the merits of the oase, and
aid he would later give formal notioe
of an appeal to the supreme, court.
The oourtroom was then oleared.
Batlefactory Teat of Dynamite Gum
San Franosioo, Deo. 11,, The three
days' tests of the pneumatic dynamite
nans recently erected at the Presidio
Observation were oonoluded today, the
- . . a . i . . -
memrjers oi me ooara ui uuiuiuy ex
aminers expressing their satisfaction
With the tests of the guns, whioh ex
oeeded the requirements in every test.
The three 15-inoh pneumatio dynamite
ctuns were each tested for capaoity,
rapidity and distance. Four rounds of
ahella. eaoh containing 100 pounds of
dynamite, were thrown 5,000 yards
and five rounds of projeotiles, each
weishina 1.180 pounds, were loaded
and fired in 8 minutes and 23 seoondB.
To Conilder World's Fair Matters.
. Detroit. Deo. 11. T. W. Palmer,
president of the World's KJolumbian
Exposition, has issued a oall for a
mnntins of the commissioners, to be
held at Atlanta, December 15, to con
aider matters oonneoted with the
World's Columbian Exposition as may
oome before it. Mr. Palmer says there
is some business to be transacted, but
he is of tho opinion that a quorum can
not be had. and that the meeting will
be in the nature ot a reunion.
England Sende n Meaaenger
Washington, Dec. 10. Tho reply of
Lord Salisbury to Secretary Oluey's
noto of instructions to Ambassador
Bayard relative to the Venezuelan
boundary dispute, was delivered to
Secretary Oluey at noon today. Sir
Julian Paunoefote presented the note
in person, reading its contents to Mr.
Olney as is the custom when important
documents are presented. For some
reason the state department officials
took stops to prevent the fact that the
note had been delivered gaining pub
licity, but without avail. At the Brit
ish embassy there was the same indis
position to gi'-e any publicity to the
All inquiry as the nature of the note
tailed to secure a response from any
official, and it probably will be pre
served as an official seoret, as far as
the Washington authorities are con
cerned, until the president, upon his
return, has had an opportunity to con
sider it and send it to oongress. It is
known the note is on the general lines
indicated in the Associated Press dis
patches this week.
NEW YORK BANKS.
Tha Weekly Showing of Their lloldlnga
New Vork, Deo. 10. The New York
"The statement of averages of the
banks of New York olty for the week
ended December 7, shows a continua
tion of the liquidation on loans, whioh
has been a marked feature of this state
ment for twelve weeks past. The loss
iu loans since September 14, has been
no less than $83,000,000. The loan
item for the week ended Dooember 7 is
only $9,000,000 in excess of the lowest
point recorded during the present year,
or April 6, last. Deposits, however,
on that date were only $500,000,000,
against $531,000,000 for the week jnst
onded. If the gold receipts of Satur
day bad been figured in the statement,
deposits would have shown a decrease,
but the heavy movement from the in
terior is clearly shown in the gain of
$1,005,000 in cash by the banks. This
expansion promises to oontinne for
some time to come if the domestic ex
change figures are a oriterrion Of the
cash balances it might be noted that
$1,220,400 of the total amount was in
specie, the total now held by New
York banks aggregating $07,871,900,
or a gain of nearly $7,000,000 since
Ootobor 13. The total gold holdings,
however, are $14,000,000 less than re
ported last February."
Inaurgenta Advancing on Snnta Clara.
Havana, Deo. 10. In spite of the
reported defeats of Maximo Gomez and
Antonio Maceo by General Suarez,
General Navarro and General Aldeooa,
the last-named being understood to be
in pursuit of the insurgents, who were
believed to be caught between the col
umns of troops commanded by those
generals aud tbat of General Aldavo,
it is now stated that. Gomes and Maceo
have united their forces and, instead
of lieing in flight, iu the province of
Puerto Prinoipe, are advancing through
the province of Santa Clara. General
Aldave, as already cabled, was said to
be in pursuit of the insurgents after
they had turned his flank and crossed
the line between Ciego de Avilla and
Morton, in the province of Pnerto
Prinoipe, on their way to Santa Clara.
Maoeo and Gomez, it is now stated,
have already passed the road from Ig
ura, ou the frontier, to Telusoo, a lit
tle north of Santa Espiritu.
Tha Irish National Alliance.
New York, Deo. 10. John P. Sut
ton, general secretary ot the Irish Na
tional Alliance, states that oounoils of
the allianoe are being rapidly formed
in every city in the United States and
Canada. Andrew Nolan, a member of
the city council of St. Louis, has been
elected president in that city of the
munioipal oonnoil, already oonsisting
of 2,500 members. San Franolsoo,
Boston, Lawrence and Lowell, Massa
chusetts; Cleveland, Detroit, Anacon
da and Butte, Mont , have also formed
large branohea. Toronto and Montreal
have inaugurated strong oounoils. The
elootion of mnnioipal executive ooun
oils will be held in New York and
Brooklyn New Year's day. The other
cities and towns, where more than one
oounoil exists, will also appoint mu
nicipal committees on or about that
Paclflo Cable Company's Organisation.
New York, Deo. 10. A meeting was
held today at the offloe of the Central
& South American Telegraph Company
for tho purpose of completing the or
ganization of the Paoifio Cable Com
pany. This oompany will be independ
ent of the Mexioan Central s South
Amerioan Telegraph oompanies in its
organization, but they will have rela
tions which will be mutually advan
tageous. The projected cable will oon
neot San Franoisoo with the proposed
American naval station at Pearl river
harbor, in the Sandwioh islands, Ja
pan and China, Australia and India.
A oommittee on plan and soope was ap
Reducing the Force.
Saoramento, Deo. 10. Orders have
been given at the railroad shops here
to discharge 500 men tonight. That
will leave 1,400 men in the Saoramen-
to Bhops. This is the heaviest . lay-off
tne oompany Has made nere lor many
The Southern 1'aolfle deduction.
Saoramento, Deo. 10. Orders have
been given at the railroad shops here
to discharge 500 men tonight That
will leave 1,400 men in the Sacramento
shops. This 1b tho hoavioEt lay-off the
company has made here for many years.
Proceedings in Senate
IMPORTANT BILLS INTRODUCED
Appointment of Membara on tha Vari
ous Congreaalonal Committee
Washington, Deo. 7. There was a
good attendance when the senate met
at noon today. i
The first bill introduced was one by j
Senator Mills, of Texas, for the coin-'
age of the silver in the treasury.
The bill introduced by Chandler of i
New Hampshire, for the coinage of sil-!
ver at the ratio of 15,' to 1, the bill to i
become operative when England, Ger-1
many and France nass similar laws ;
was listened to with great at tout ion by j
members of the senate.
Petitions from Florida for the reoog-;
nition of Cuba and front the legislature
of Montana, against the further is
suance of bonds, were presented.
The resolution offered by Call of i
Florida was adopted, calling upon the I
secretary of state to send to the senate
the correspondence relating to the case ;
of General Sanguilly, an American i
oitizen, sentenced to life imprisonment
for alleged oomplioity in the Cuban ;
revolution, and directing him to pro-!
cure a copy of the record in the case if !
it is not on file at the department. I
Gallinger of New Hampshire iutro-1
duood a resolution declaring it as the !
sense of the senate that it was unwise
and inexpedient to retire greenbacks.
Mitchell of Oregon introduced a
resolution, whioh was agreed to, call
ing on the secretary of the treasury to
inform the senate why the construction
of the public building at Portland,
Or., for which an appropriation was
made by the last congress, was not pro
Call of Florida addressed the senate
in advocacy of his resolution for the
recognition of the belligerent Cuban
insurgents, and for striot neutrality of
the United States - in the war. . He
drew a graphio picture of the ruin,
misgovernment and barbarous cruelty
against whioh the Cubans were con
tending and their 'long struggle for
freedom. He considered it an outrage
that the United States should not hold
out an enoouraging hand to those
struggling for indepeudense. Instead
of speediug Cubans on their course, he
insisted that this government was ac
tually retarding the revolution, in
fact, furnishing aid to Spanish tyranny.
At 1:20 the senate went intp execu
tive session, and at 1:35 P. M. ad
journed. The senate iu executive session con
firmed Matt W
Ransom as minister to j he said, lived in his district, and re
quested it to be printed in the Record.
Washington, Deo. 7. Speaker Reed
has begun, for the first timo, definitely
to outline his list of committees on
paper. After reoeiving members of
the house all day yesterday, he sat
down at 9 o'clock and worked until a
late hour putting on paper the assign
ments he had deoided upon to tbat
time. Today he gave more interviews
to members and listened to the presenta
tion ot their claims. No information
has loaked from the speaker's room,
exoept remarks made by Reed to the
friends of a member who asked for the
chairmanship of the oommittee on la
bor, which seemed to indicate that he
had deoided to give the place to Phil
lips of Pennylvania, whose name had
been presented by the labor organiza
tions. Probably the strongest pressure be
ing brought to bear upon the speaker
oomes from various candidates for the
oommittee on ways and means. The
Republicans will be entitled to eleven
places in this body, if the party pro
portion of the last oongrws is main
tained, and seven of the eleven will be
new men. The influence ot business
interests of every class and section has
been invoked, and many letters and pe
titions are pouring in. Next to the
ways and means in their desirability
from the standpoint of the members are
the committees on appropriations and
rivers and harbors, the two bodies
which have charge of the distribution
of the largest sums of money.
Washington, Deo. 9. The new con
gress up to this time has been an un
usually conservative one in the matter
of proposing new legislation. Fewer
bills than usual have been introduced,
and most of those were for projeots
whioh failed to pass the last oongress.
Plans for the admission of Oklahoma,
Arizona and New Moxioo to statehood
have again made their appearance, the
first being presented by General
Wheeler, who was chairman of the
oommittee on territories in the last
oongress, and the other two by the new
delegates of the respective territories,
Murphy and Catron.
The first bill introduced by McClel
lan of New York, who is one of the
young Democrats and a son of General
MoClellan, was one to authorize the
senate to confirm military nominations
made by President Linooln, whioh have
never been acted upon, and the issue of
commissions to the nominees, stating
that they were nominated to the rank
conferred by Linooln. Other of the
more important bills introdnoed were:
By Hioks of Pennsylvania For the
relief of person b who served ninety
days or more in the various con
struction corps attaohed to the army or
railroads operated by the military au
thorities during the war! also a bill
granting medals to those who respond
ed to and enlisted under President Lin
ooln's first oall for troops.
By Overstreet of Indiana To au;
thorize the suspension of pensions ob
tained by fraud.
By Meikeljohu To prohibit the sale
of intoxicating drinks to Indians,
framed to meet the decision Of Judge
Bellinger, of Oregon, as to the sale of
liquor to Indians who have become
citizens of the United States.
By Wheeler of Alabama To in
crease the pensions of the soldiers of
the Florida war; also, providing an
additional United States judge for Al
abama. By Harris of Ohio Levying a duty
on wools as follows: Wools and hair
of the first class, 11 cents per pound;
seoond class, 12 cents per pound; third
class and on camel's hair of the third
class, the value whereof shall be 13
cents or less per pound, including
charges, the duty is to be 82 per cent
ad valorem. On wools of the third
class and on camel's hair of the third
class, the value of which exceeds 13
cents per pound, the duty to be 50 per
oent ad valorem. Wools on the skiu
pay the same rates as other j
Barnbam of California To
mnrf tha onr InmnraHn. tho Marl.
time Canal Company of Nicaragna. j Over twenty-five res.dences have been
I One feature of the bill authorizes the ' ailt ud nnmber struo
issuanoe of bonds not exceeding $150,-1 nreB' be8.,de8 mu? Editions and en
' 000,000, with Interest at 8 per cent, to ! 1)ir8eme,8
I secure the means to construct and oom-! A remarkable dissovery was made
P'ew tne canal. All sums expended
""rial and supplies necessary to j
the conduction are to be purchased in
lne ulKa owks, except sucn as may
06 fe"wn or produced in Nicaragua or
Costa RIoa. nd no Asiatio labor is to
Bv Flvnn ot Oklahoma Providing
tot free homesteads upon public lands
in Oklahoma; also, for the opening of
Indian territory under the homestead
By Hainer Amending the act for
the inspection of live cattle, etc , by
giving the secretary of agrioluture au
thority to have all carcasses, con
demned as unfit for food under the act
of March 3, 1891, so disposed of as
shall effectively prevent their use as
human food; also a bill granting pen
sions to soldiers and sailors confined in
Confederate prisons. .
Washington, Dec. 9. When the
house met today Terry, Dem., of Ar
kansas, and Boatner, Dem., of Louisi
ana, belated members, were formally
sworn in, and a motion for a commit
tee to pass on the members' mileage
accounts was passed.
Baker of New Hampshire asked
unanimous consent for the immediate
consideration of a resolution calling on
the secretary of agridultnre to report
whether he had expended the whole or
any part of the appropriation made by
the last oongress for the distribution of
tinners' bulletins. McMillin of Ten
Walker of Massachusetts offered a
petition in form of a resolution, from
the naturalized Armenians ot the
United States, nine-tenths of whom,
After reciting the alleged oppression
and outrages of the Turkish govern
ment, it oonoluded:
"Resolved, That the people of the
United States, through their repre
sentatives in oongress assembled, here
by express their deepest abhorrence
and condemnation of the outrages thus
committed on their fellow -citizens as
well as the Christian subjects of Tur
"Resolved, further, That this house,
composed of immediate representatives
ot the American people, pledge its sup
port to the government in every meas
ure justified by international law and
common humanity to vindicate the
rights of our fellow-citizens and their
families in Turkey, and to hinder and
prevent, as far as practicable, the con
tinuance of the outrages and massacres
in that land."
The petition was referred to the oom
mittee on foreign affairs.
Washington, Deo. 11. A large
number of bills were introduced in the
senate again today, the most important
of which were:
By Berry To provide a territorial
form of government for Indian terri
tory, with the usual staff of territorial
ofiioers, the territory to take the name
By Palmer Giving a uniform pen
sion of $50 per month to all who lost
a hand or foot in the late war, and $00
to those who lost an entire limb.
By Allen Disfranchising any citi
zen of the United States who shall so
lioit or accept a title, patent of nobil
ity, or degree of honor from a foreign
nation, and punishing this act as a
crime by both fine and imprisonment.
By Voorhees Granting pensions to
soldiers and sailors who were captured
and confined in Confederate prisons
during the war.
-By Mantle Appropriating $55,000
for the purchase of sites for public
buildings at Cheyenne, Wyo., Boise
City, Idaho, and Helena, Mont. , and
providing for buildings at Cheyenne
and Boise costing $200,000, and at
Helena oosting $500,000.
By Squire For a gun faotory tor
heavy ordnanoe on the Paoifio coast. .
Washington, Deo. 11. Among the
bills introdnoed in the house were the
By Wilson of Idaho Establishing
United States mint at Boise, Idaho,
also a bill establishing duties on wool
similar to those in the MoKinley law.
By Bailey of Texas Prohibiting
senators and representatives from so
liciting or recommending the appoint
ment of any person to any offloe, the
appointment of whioh is vested in the
president or the head of any depart
By Cobb of Alabama Making all
fast freight lines, express and car oom
panies, whether operated by corpora
tions, associations, receivers or indi
viduals, eaoh in connection with or in
dependent of common carriers, etc., a
subject to the aot to regulate commerce.
Evidence ot Steady Growth
ITEMS OF GENERAL INTEREST
Rejection of Bids for the Construction
of the State Capitol at Oljrmpla
Oregon New a.
The wool clip in Lake connty this
year exceeded 1,000,000 pounds.
The water works at Klamath Falls
has at last been placed hi operation.
The can factory, at Astoria, is receiv
ing orders from all parts of the North-
wegt for cang for nMt
A large amount of building has been
uuuo " iuH lu 'ue Pl sumnier.
".BK.u8 . uCar
- "1 7- Pm
170 feet aeedar tree was found. The
a " " "
" Lightning struck a Tillamook Rock
telephone wire, during a recent storm;
running along the wire; it went into the
to the office at Fort Stevens, illuminat
ing the place and scaring those who
were in the office, but did no damage.
The price of cattle in Eastern Ore
gon is steadily going up, and those
stockmen who have sold will be more
than recompensed for the trouble they
have had in keeping them. Horses
are not so numerous as they were a
few months ago. For a month or two
they were dying with a fever at an
alarming rate, in certain portions.
Three large ioe storage houses are
being erected at Perry for the purpose
of storing ioe with which to supply
the market along the O. R. &. N. Com
pany's line. The O. R. &. N. Company
have put in a spur near Perry, and
these storage houses are being erected
so that ice can be easily taken from the
river and then, during the warm season,
to the cars for shipment
A new tannery is to be erected at
Moxee, in Yakima county.
The name of the community of "Hog
Heaven" has been chagned to Oakdale.
Walla Walla is agitated over a ques
tion whether it has a legal right to li
Camps of the new order, called the
Native Sons of Washington, are being
organized at Port Townsend.
The Oregon Improvement Company
handled during the year, ending De
cember 1, over 250,000 tons of coaL
A new wooden eave factory has just
been Btarted in Seattle, for the manu
facture of gutters of all kinds, wooden
A nnmber of farmers along the Co
lumbia river in Yakima county are
building water wheels for the purpose
of irrigating their land.
Sturgeon fishing is now taking the
place of salmon fishing on the Colum
bia and Snake rivers for a few months.
Nets will be used more this year than
ever. They run from 600 to 900 feet
in length, and the meshes vary in size
from twelve to nineteen inohes.
The agricultural college, at Pull
man, now offers a short course in agri
culture. The oourse includes a year of
twenty -four weeks. Speoial attention
is paid to agrioulture, horticulture,
botany, chemistry, entomology, math
ematics and languages. The expense
of the course is very slight. Tuition
is free, room rent $17 a year, board at
the dormitory averages $8.12 a month,
and the expenses for books is small.
The state oapitol commission has
again rejected all bids for the erection
of the new capitol owing to the pro
visions in the bids which surround the
payment of the warrants. The build
ing is to be ereoted from the proceeds
of the sale of 132,00 aores granted by
oongress for publio building purposes,
and the warrants so state on their face.
No lands have yet been sold, and the
bidders feared the warrants would not
always bring par.
A mill is to be erected at the Viola
mine in Blaok Horned distriot. It is
said that State Treasurer Bunting is
interested in this deal.
A oompany composed of young Indi
ans of the Eamiah settlement are
planning to engage in the general
merchandise business at that place.
A hundred head of horses were re
cently sold iu Jordan valley at $75, or
75 cents per head. This is said to be
the lowest price ever paid for horses
The estimated wheat crop of North
ern Idaho aud Eastern Washington is
far short of the average. It is estimat
ed that it will be 10,000,000 bushels.
Last year it was double that amount.
The Irrigation of the Lewiston plats
seems to be assured for the near future.
It is one of the finest traots of unim
proved land in the Northwest. Two
thousand, six hundred aores of land
were purchased by Eastern capitalists,
and all the preliminaries have been ar
ranged for a big ditoh.
, Butte has now ovor $300,000 in out
The town council of Havre, have put
down an artesian well and have secured
a flow large enough to supply water
for a town five times the Bize of Havre.
the hunting season for the whitetail
deer, blaoktail deer, mule deer, moun
tain sheep, Rocky mountain goat aud
antelope is rapidly drawing to a close.
It is unlawful to hunt after Decem
Montana, like Washington has a
oapital problem to consider. Its legis
lature has authorized the issue of
$1,000,000 in warrants, secured upon
the lands granted by the general gov
ernment, to build the building, but
there is no present income from the
lands to pay interest on them, or is
there likely to be for some time to
oome. So the warrants do not and the
building cannot go on.
A large corporation is being formed
in the East to open the marble quarries
of Chicago!! island next season.
It is reported that the Easlo & Slo
oan Railway have bought the Silverton
town site and have decided to extend
the road to tbat point
The Fraser River Industrial Society
has decided to secure a site as near the
mouth ot the river as possible for can
nery purposes, and to accept one of the
three lots offered by the city of West
mister, for wharfage, fish house, office,
A new sealing company has just
been incorporated tinder imperial
charter as the Victoria Sealing and
Trading Company, with a capital of
100,000. The stockholders are all
Victorians. Already a fleet of seven
schooners has been secured.
The scheme to build an all-rail route
through British Columbia into Alaska
is again being discussed; this time it is
to go by way of Kamloops. the North
Thompson and Barkerville, through
the heart of Cariboo. The distance to
Barkerville from Kamloops is about
350 miles. Suoh a line would be of
great advantage in opening up and de
veloping the gold fields of Cariboo, in
which section of the country, it is be
lieved, there still is to be found more
wealth than has yet been produced.
But if such a road is to be built it will
be by the Canadian Paoifio Railway
Company, for the construction of which
line a charter is already held by par
ties in this city, bnt who are supposed
to be acting for the C. P. R. people in
The Third Term Idea John Sherman
and Hie Book.
New York Heraid.l
Without Mr. Cleveland the Demo
crats cannot win; with him they
may win. It was his great popularity,
firmness, and wisdom that wrested the
presidency from the Republicans four
years ago, and had the Democratic leadt
ers heeded his warnings and followed
his oounsel there would not have been
a Republican tidal wave this year.
His strength with the masses saved the
party from defeat in 1892, and it is the
only thing that can save it from defeat
A Straight Republican.
New York Tribune.)
Bear in mind, however, that "na
tional issues'' mean Cleveland.
Nothing more. He is the only "na
tional issue" the Democrats have had
in a dozen years. No principles. No
platform. No leadership. Just Cleve
land. And now wherever they "fight
it out on that line" they get thrashed
out of their boots. The moral of which
is, "Rah for a third term!"
John Sherman'! Book.
New York Mercury
What John Sherman laoks in mag
netism he makes up in recollection.
Muat Not Mexlcanize the Office.
There is no written constitutional
barrier against President Cleveland re
maining president of the United States
for as many terms as he can manage to
get and keep offloe. Secretary Mcrton
is right. Yet it must also be true that
the people of the United States are not
disposed or prepared to Mexioanize the
presidency of the United States, with
or without law no matter how able an
official the president may be.
Not a Presidential Poaaiblllty.
However sinoerely we may admire
Mr. Cleveland's many great and good
qualities of backbone, brain, and heart
we cannot and should not let that ad
miration blind us to the fact tbat he is
no longer among the presidential pos
sibilities. His has been a strong ad
ministration, you will say, a consistent
administration, an administration with
a policy and a prinoiple, so far as Mr.
Cleveland himself is concerned.
New York 8un.)
Mr. Sherman has had a continuously
successful oareer, and it wonld seem
that he ought to be grateful to the
Ohio men who have kept him in offloe
so long. The main object of his book,
however, appears to be complaints.
He records the events of his life, not
with the kindly spirit of the philoso
pher looking baok with tolerance from
the summit of his oareer upon what he
has achieved and what he has failed
on, but with the unappeasable ranoor
of the man who is not grateful for
winning much, because he has missed
the great object of his heart's desire.
A sore toe in print is not an alluring
or a dignified spectacle.
The Strongeat Democrat.
It is patent that notwithstanding the
popular prejudice against third terms,
Mr. Cleveland is still the strongest
Demoorat who at the present juoture
could be put forward for nomination
supposing that be is willing to accept
the honor, it is well within the lines of
probability that the Demooraoy may
pick him out not, perhaps because of
a positive preference bnt because of
the foroe of a logioal necessity.
SUGAR BEET CULM
Recent Experimental Work
in the Northwest
THE GROWTH OF THE INDUSTBY
The Vartetlea to Grow and Huggeatlona
aa to Their Care and Manner
The gradual awakening in the
Northwest of the value of the beet,
and an interest in its culture, is em
phasized by the recent experiments
made by Professor Charles P. Fox, di
rector of the agricultural experiment
station in Idaho.
"Table beets," says Professor Fox,
"are either long or oval in shape, the
oolors vary from a deep (blood) red to
a yellowish red. The round varieties
are to be preferred, as they are the
easiest to harvest, and the deep red
ones give the best satisfaction when
cooked. The representatives of the
shape are the Long Red Eclipse and
Crosby's Egyptian. .
"The good dark red ones are the
Matchless and Improved Blood. Good
varieties of the yellow shades are the
Lentz's Turnip and Favorite.
"Of fifteen varieties grown on the
grounds of the experiment station in
1895, the Improved Blood gave the
greatest and the Dark Stinson the
"The yield per ton of the different
varieties was: Improved Blood, 26;
Matohlecs, 21; Early Red, 18; Eclipse,
16; Early Blood Turnip, 15: Basorin't
Blood Turnip, 15; Favorite, 15;
Lentz's Turnip, 14; Edmonds, 13; Bas
orin's Half Long, 9; Crosby's Egyp
tian, 9; Long Smooth Blood, 8; Early
Egyptian, 7; Dark Stinson, 4.
"The amount of sugar in table beets
is of interest The analysis made in
1894 furnished the following results:
Dirego, 10.77 per cent; Round Yel.
low, 14.67; Black Queen, 12.69; Early
Blood Turnip, 14.61; Eclipse, 18.05;
Dark Blood, 18.14; Crosby, Egyptian,
16.74; average, 13.62.
"Another variety is the Swiss Chord
beet, or Sea Kale. This one is not
cultivated for its roots, but for its
flesh leaf stems. These are used as
greens and may be bleached as celery
and used as a substitute for asparagus.
In some sections the sales of this va
riety have been enormous.
"Spraying with Paris green or to
baoco is recommended as a protection
Professor Fox deals with the origin
and history of the beet, the prepara
tion of the soil, the sowing and culti
vation. In speaking of preparing the
beets for market he observes: "Re
member that, although engaged in the
great strife for riches, customers, as a
rule, do not appreciate real estate
premiums with their vegetable pur
Ezperlinenta In California.
An organization to be known as the
Yuba and Sutter Sugar Beet Associa
tion has been formed and will conduct
experiments in beet culture the oom-
mg season. An effort is being made
to raise sufficient funds by subscription
to plant one-acre tracts in twelve dif
ferent localities in these two counties,
to pay the expenses of giving thorough
cultivation to the same, and when the
crop is harvested, to ship it to a factory
where a complete test oan be made to
ascertain whether the quality of the
beets is such as to justify their being
used for sugar. The results of the
work now planned will be watohed
Snggeatlona by the Alvarado Company.
Beets demand a soil easy to till,
loose and pliable, but not too sandy. It
is indispensible that the soil should be
prepared by deep plowing, which
should be done a month or two before
seeding. One deep furrow of twelve
or fourteen, or with two plowings, one
of about nine inches, followed by a
deeper one of six or eight inches below
the first. This work done in early
winter has the advantage ot allowing
frosts and atmospherio influences to de
stroy the cohesion of the soil, and, at
the same time, to destroy any inseots
that may be present. As it is desirable
to have beets with as few roots as pos
sible and of good conical shape, the
point of the root must be allowed to
penetrate the earth without resistance.
The varieties considered the best and
those mostly used in this oountry are
the Vilmorin, white, and the Klein
Wanzelben, white. The quantity of
seed to the a ore ought not to be less
than ten pounds. In oases where the
soil is cold, or when fear exists that
the plants may be eaten by worms, it
will be neoessary to nse a large quan
tity. The seed may be planted in rowa
ten, twelve or fourteen inohes apart, if
it is intended to weed out by hand, and
sixteen, eighteen and twenty inohes
when it is desired to use the horse hoe.
The sowing machine or drill should
be arranged in such a manner that the
seed is plaoed where the moisture is,
below the surface, the least covering
of earth sufficient to sprout it. Bear
in mind tbat seed planted top deep in
variably gives a poor stand of beets,
and to shallow do not sprout. As
soon as the beets have from two to four
leaves it is necessary, to thin out so
that there may be about twelve to tba
square yard. The sooner the thinning
is done the better for the plants, as
they, suffer muoh less when this work
is nop delayed.
President Faure'a Family Skeleton.
Paris, Deo. 11. The Figaro reveals
an alleged secret in President Faure'i
family history whioh proves to have
been simply that his wife's mother
was abandoned by her husband two
I months after he'r marriage..