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About The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current | View Entire Issue (Dec. 31, 1922)
THE SUNDAY OREGONIAN. PORTLAND. DECE3IBi:R 31, 1932
IS WORSE li 1922
German Reparations Pay
ments Decline. ,
BIG DEFICIT IS CREATED
Nation Continues to Borrow Heav
ily to Repair Ruins; Inter
est on Debt Unpaid.
BY ANDRE TARDIEU.
Former French High Commissioner to
the United States.
(Copyright, 1822, by The Oregonian.)
PARIS, Dec. 30. (Special Cable.)
Does the year end better than
it began? -
Neither for France, nor for Europe
can the question be answered
Throughout 1922 France continued
to borrow to repair the ruins caused
by German aggression. She already
has spent in this way for recon
struction and pensions more than
SO.OOO.OM.OOO francs plus expenses
of the army of occupation. The debt
service absorbs over 13,000,000,000
francs annually, not counting our
foreign debt, upon which we have
not yet paid any interest.
Big Deficit Shown.
All that we have collected from
Germany is 1,720,000,000 gold marks.
These receipts, which amounted to
an average of 63,000,000 monthly in
1920- 21 fell to 22,000,000 during
1922. Reparations in kind, except
coal, are going badly and as a
consequence France must borrow
continually while taxes have risen
from 4,500,000,000 francs in 1913 to
21,000,000,000 in 1922. They cannot
be increased indefinitely. Even so,
the debt service shows a deficit in
the 1923 budget of over 4,000,000,000.
This shows our situation during
the past year grew worse instead of
better. Will the coming Paris
1 conference show improvement either
financial or political? It would be
rash to say so. The discord between
France and Britain has been demon
strated in the reparations commis
sion, where Bradbury, the English
representative, with strange par
tiality refused to agree with his
colleagues that Germany had failed
in deliveries in kind, although this
fact was obvious.
Lloyd George Blamed.
Lloyd George, by imposing 'sacri
fices on Franc for two years with
out offering the slightest compen
sation, is the prime author of the
crisis in Anglo-French relations
France, by her pro-Turk attitude in
1921- 22, committed similar errors
which happily were somewhat re
trieved at Lausanne. Nevertheless,
London and Paris are far from
intimate agreement, which is an
indispensable condition to European
equilibrium. Considering this dis
association of the entente Premier
Mussolini asked, not without rea
son, wherein the disagreement con
sisted. ,. .
Those conquered in 1918- are
showing disquieting activity in
1922. The Rapallo treaty revealed
the closeness of Moscow's relations
with Berlin, whereof a thousand
new symptoms are coming into
evidence. There also is a close re
lationship between the Kemalists
and the soviet and through them
with Berlin. Worse yet, the re
venge idea, which course has ani
mated these three governments,
seems capable of practical realiza
tion since the Turks efaced their
defeat, reinstated themselves, retook
Constantinople and eastern Thrace
and eliminated effective control of
the straits by the western powers.
Russia, Germauy Awakening.
Russian and German nationalism,
encouraged by Kemalist successes,
is awakening. The German press
is filled with provocative para
graphs. Tehitcherin's attitude at
Lausanne is equally disturbing.
All this is happening in an un
organic Europe. Only the little
entente countries seem to under
stand that safety lies in unity and
this unity enables them moreover
to restore themselves economically.
On the other hand, the status of
the. relations between them and the
western powers. England, France,
Italy and Belgium, is undefined.
We have lived from day to day
without defining any base for argu
ment and not preparing for any.
There is no continental policy any
more than a policy between the
continent and the Anglo-Saxons.
In 1914, Europe, despite its shaki
ness, was better ordered than in
There is ample room in this chaos
i or great eitorts and great results,
but there can't be results until
there is a will for them. Will 1923
bring it? . . '
WALLA WALLA IN ACTION
Million and Half to Be Spent on
WALLA WALLA, Wash., Dec 30.
(Special.) Local imnrnman.
which will cost a million and a half
uuuara are planned for 1923, fig
ures gathered todav show
Among the big improvements to
uo raaae are completion of the
waterworks system at a cost of
SoOO.OOO. purchase of an atKletic
mr w pitman nigh school and
" a cost or $30,000, con
struction of a $350,000 tourist hotel
extension of the Walla Walla val
ley railway company lines fn.- th,.
miles at a cost of $100,000, construc
tion of a $100,000 cannerv.
tion of the new country clubhouse
uu iuu at a cost of $50,000
completion of the new $100 000
men's dormitory at Whitman col
lege, completion of the $40,000 Al-
1 c UTi 1- i r . . . '
ion . i rejn uusmess DUUaing, con
uiuuliuii ui a iuu,uuo memorial
hospital, building of $20,000 parish
house by the Congregationalists im
provement of Wildwood automobile
camping park about $40,0-00, and the
uuiu oi noverai COStly dwell
ings and bridges.
Bank's Indorsement Regular.
sa,,m. or., uec. 30. (Special )
Tables were turned in the circuit
court here yesterday with the re
sult that a judgment against the
plaintiff and in favor of the de
fendant was handed down in the
case insuiutea oy Amos Toder
against tne state sanJc of Hubbard
The suit involved the indorsement
ot a certain cneck by the bank
which the plaintiff alleged was done
without his authority. The court
held that the bank was within its
rights when it indorsed the instru
ment, and that there was no law
under which the plaintiff could
recover the arout involved.
BY HARRY B. CRITCHLOW.
DAYS that immediately followed
the battle of Mons found the
. forces of both the British and
the French in retreat before an
enemy vastly superior in numbers.
Lanrezac, upon whom perhaps im
properly had been placed the re
sponsibility for the French defeat at
Charlerol, was still in commana oi
the French fifth army and was di
recting its retreat before the forces
of Von Bulow.
Generals Langle de Cary and uf
fey, who had been defeated in their
attempts at battle in the Ardennes,
were falling back before the forces
of the Duke of Wurtemburg and the
crown prince of Germany. It -was
General Joffre's first intention to
withdraw his troops on the Rheims
Amiens line. With that idea in
mind the French carefully retreated.
Rear guard actions characterized
the withdrawal and some of these
took considerable toll on the enemy.
However, as conditions were, a con
tinued retreat was necessary until
more favorable battle' conditions
Not all was going well with the
",-rman troops. Von Kiuck in com
mand of the first army was having
his troubles. The intelligence ser
vice of the German army in the field
had broken down completely. He
was unable to learn full particulars
regarding the strength of the enemy
and the communications Between ms
forces and those of Von Bulow on his
left were not the best. Von Kluck
was a self-made man, had been
with troops all his life and had little
knowledge of staff work. He was
not fully in the confidence of those
in German headquarters and not tne
best of feelings existed between
him and Von Bulow. German effi
ciency had not properly organized
aliaisbn between armies in the field
and headquarters and as a result
such commanders as von iiuck.
Von Bulow and Von Hausen were
acting more or less independently of
headquarters, which had been estab
lished in Luxemburg.
The retreat of the British was
much more interesting than that of
the French. On the day of August
25, 1914, Sir John French, command
ing the British, decided to put the
forest of Mormal behind him. This
was a stretch of woods and under
brush ten miles long and six miles
wide. Roads through the forest
were not familiar to the British
command. If he was to move his
troops by way ot the east side of
the forest he would find the. roads
few and exceedingly difficult for
travel. To move by the roads of the
west side would mean that a gap
would be made between the British
and Lanrezac's forces that would
court disaster for both armies. As a
consequence Marshal French sent
Haig by the east roads to Landre-
cies and Maroilles, while Smitn-Dor-rien
was to take the roads by the
west side in the direction of Le
Cateau. The British commander was
running a risk in thus establishing
a ten-mile gap between his forces.J
Von Kluck was informed of the
gap between the Britisn corps
shortly after it was made. Why he
did not take advantage of it was
later explained by him when he said
that Marwitz's cavalry, which had
been sent to his command, arrived
too late to make the attack. If this
be true it undoubtedly saved, the
Haig negotiated his withdrawal
around the forest with little diffi
culty and had little more than rear
guard actions with the enemy.
Smith-Dorrien marched his division
to positions around Le Cateau dur
ing August 25. Sir John French had
left the manner of retirement prac
tically to the discretion of his com
manders. As a result Smith-Dorrien
was confronted on the morning of
August 26 with the question of
whether he should retreat immedi
ately or make a stand and fight.
His troops and their commanders
were anxious for a fight, as their
previous contacts with the enemy
had convinced them that they were
superior in infantry attack.
As Smith-Dorrien was making his
plans Von Kluck attacked his cen
ter, and the British commander
could do no more than fight. The
British had a force of 55,000 men
while those of Von Kluck numbered
approximately 140,000. Le Cateau.
according to the idea of the German
commander, was an -excellent place
to administer to the British that de
feat he had planned for but failed
to administer at Mons. Von Kluck
was surprised to find the British in
position at Le Cateau. His plan of
battle was similar to that of Mons,
frontal attack of artillery and
then envelopment movements on
Smith-Dorrien's troops were en
trenched along the top of a ridge.
Artillery of the British, though out
ranged and outnumbered, made a
brilliant stand against the enemy's
infantry attacks. For seven hours
the British forces stood the attack
and inflicted severe losses to the
enemy. However, superior numbers
were forcing the British back. It
became plain to Smith-Dorrien.
shortly after noon, that he must
withdraw. The problem of with
drawal before a superior opponent
was perplexing. However, orders
were isued and under the cover of
artillery the troops withdrew from
the field. So successful was the
withdrawal that only those batteries
of artillery that had been put out
of action by enemy fire were re
maining upon the field.
Smith-Dorrien had lost approxi
mately 8000 men at Le Cateau; while
the enemy had lost approximately
twice that number. Sir john French
in his first announcement, praised
tne work of his corps commander
for showing fight against the Ger
mans at Le Cateau and credited the
stand made responsible for the suc
cess of the troops of his command
making a successful withdrawal
around the forest of Mormal. - Later,
however. Sir John French changed
his verdict and stated that the ac
tion of Smith-Dorrien had been dis
obedience of orders. The question
has been argued pro and con and
the majority of the authorities are
of the opinion that Smith-Dorrien
was justified in making the stand
that he did and that he could hardly
have done otherwise. Smith-Dorrien
continued his retreat and joined
with the forces of Haig around the
forest of Mormal.
On August 29 Marshal Joffre and
Sir John French met and discussed
future plans. Joffre suggested that
instead of establishing a line of
battle from Amiens to Rheims the
forces continue the retreat and take
a stand across the Marne, This met
with French's approval and the
withdrawal before the enemy con
tinued, until finally about Septem
ber 3 the last force had crossed the
river and there were placed in po
sition for battle.
The long retreat had had a de
moralizing effect upon the soldiers
of both France and England. Day
after day they had been forced to
retreat under the hot sun. They
knew not why, for they were not
kept Informed as to the causes for
their continued flight. They were
unable to believe that they had been
defeated, for in the battles they had
with the enemy it seemed that they
had more than held their own.
To the British the situation was
perplexing in the extreme. These
soldiers had gone from the trains to
the battle of Mons. After seeming
fuccess they had. fallen back and
had continued their flight day after
1rv without anv aooarent reason. 1
The French, in retreat, hair-not been
harassed as much as the British, but
the long continued march, with each
day bringing them closer to Paris,
had a bad effect.
To the average .common soldier of
both armies the most sensible act of
the series of nerve-racking days
waa the or(jer for a halt and en-
trenchment made after the troops
had crossed the Marne.
Veterans of D company, Fourth
Engineers, have set an example for
other company or regimental units
to follow. When they were to
gether in the days following the
signing of the armistice at Gemlen,
Germany, they established "The
Third Hole," whioh they termed an
"unliterary journal." At various
times and in various places since
those days in Germany editions have
been published. The men have been
enabled to keep in" close touch with
each other and to add the cement of
affection to those bonds of friend
ship that were made in stormier
days than these. Several veterans
of the D company outfit reside in
Portland. The last issue of the "un
literary journal" was sent out a
week ago from West Alexander, Fa.;
and Walla Walla, Wash.
Robert Harris who for the past
two years has been finance officer
of the American Legion of Grants
Pass, was a visitor in Portland last
week and called on state headquar-,
ters. He stated that his post has
already made plans for a big pro
gramme of entertainments for the
remaining winter months. -
An old-fashioned basket social
was held in Fossil under the aus
pices of the American Legion on
Christmas night. Following the dis
posal oi the baskets there was a
At the last meeting of the Ameri
can Legion in Independence officers
ior the new year were elected as
follows: A. T. iTun n.
AjL. Miller, vice-commander: -A. v
Becker, adjutant; Chris Burright,
sergeant-at-arms; G. C. Smith, fi
nance officer, and J. C. Henderson,
Harry Farrell, adjutant of Hood
River post of the legion, was in town
for a few hours one day last week
and paid his respects to Adjutant
Nelson at state headquarters. Other
callers of more or less fame in le
gion activities over the state were
Howard Gildea, former commander
of McMinnville post, and H. E. Mc
Clelland, one of the leaders of the
legion in central Oregon.
Scout Young camp of the Spanish
American War Veterans will hold
their installation meeting Tuesday
night at the courthouse. The aux
iliary will join with the camp and
joint installation ceremonies for the
officers of the two organizations
will be held. At the last meeting
of the camp F. H. Smith, E. R. Lund
burg and Nicholas Pierangel were
appointed as a committee to pur
chase colors for the Spanish-American
WTar Veterans' camp in Astoria.
The colors of this organization were
destroyed by the recent fire.
Newly elected officers of Portland
post of the American Legion will
be installed Tuesday night at the
meeting to be held in the clubrooms
at Fourth and Washington streets.
Dr. Eugene Hockey will take his
chair as commander and the other
officers will be installed as follows:
Pat H. Allen, vice-commander; An
drew Koerner, adjutant; Daniel Upp,
tmance officer; executive committee
men, Eugene Openheimer, Kenneth
L. Cooper,- Dr. J. G. Abele, G-. W.
Tates, Ben W. Morrow, Dexter
Quisenberry and . John Beckwith.
The meeting would ordinarily . be
held Monday night, but due to New
Year's falling on that day it was
postponed to Tuesday night.
The next meeting of the executive
committee of the state department,
American Legion, will be held in
Salem January 12, according
UNIVERSITY OF OREGON ART
EXCELS IN QUALITY OF WORK
Sculpture, Painting, Textile Designing and Architecture Developed
by Students Regarded as Superior and of Great Promise.
BY LUCY DODD-RAMBERG.
T WAS with a greafdeal of pleas
ure that I accepted the invita
tion to be on the jury together
with Mrs. Wortman for the art de
partment of the University of Ore
gon. I am acquainted with the work
done in the art schools abroad
the excellent ones of Paris, Vienna
and Munich and knew I could not
ask for anything to approach the
superiority of these institutions.
The student at Eugene is gaining
the background of that which the
university has to offer in litera
ture and science, as well as doing
his art work. The greater was our
surprise at the excellent quality of
the work exposed, which compares,
especially in design, witb much
done in these art centers.
The sculpture under the guidance
of Avard Fairbanks showed some
unusually sensitive work, especially
in composition. A mother and child
group by Beatrice Powers stands
out for its warmth and delicacy
of feeling. A vigorous little figure
called "Ambition," the work of
Frances Dubois, received the second
mention, while Lester Chaffee with
a relief, 'The Relay," expressed a
great deal of motion and ability.
There were four very good por
trait reliefs done by Mrs. Lydia
Hodge, Mildred Heffron, Mable
Johnson and Pauline Chase, in which
one felt the striving toward in
dividuality, the result being pleas
ingly successful. Miss Johnson
shows especial promise among those
of the life drawing class, , which is
under the direction of Albert
Schroff, Fairbanks and Hafen. "Here
the students are doing earnest work.
Among the still life pastels and
water colors there were delicate bits
Wrappers of the New Year's Edition of The Morn
ing Oregonian issued MONDAY, JAN. 1,
will bear this label:
New Year's Edition
Price will be 5 cents a copy; postage, 6 cents in the United States
and possessions. All other foreign postage will be 12 cents.
notices that' have been sent out by
Harry N. Nelson, adjutant. The
meeting will be held in Salem at
that time, due to the fact that tne
legislature will be in session. Those
who will attend are: George R.
Wilbur, commander; Fred E. Riddle,
vice-commander; P. W. Cookingham,
finance officer; Harry N. Nelson,
adjutant; Frank James, chaplain,
and the following committeemen:
Claude Bristol, Mai Dano, Tracey
Savery, Lane Goodell and C. ' W.
Woodruff. " .
All war veterans in Enterprise
were guests of the American Legion
at a rally held a week ago. The
affair was a success and aided ma
terially In uniting the veterans of
the world war with those of the
Spanish-American and civil wars.
Basketball is now demanding the
attention of several central Oregon
posts of the American Legion.
Teams are being formed in Red
mond, Prineville and Bend and they
will be out after games in a short
E. B. Stewart is to be the com
mander of the American Legion in
Roseburg during 1923. This was
decided at the election held last
week. Other officers for the year
were chosen as follows: E. O. Post,
vice-commander; Leon McClintock,
adjutant; Harry Booth, finance of
ficer, and Guy Gordon, historian.
Right after the first meeting a
membership campaign will be
Heppner post of the American
Legion is preparing for the greatest
year of Its career, according to
Forby Greamba, the new com
mander. Other officers of the post
are: , John Higiey, vice-commander;
Spencer Crawford, adjutant,
and Walter Moore, finance officer.
has been given the
American Legion's efforts to con
trol the millions of dollars left over
in war chest funds, and it is pre
dicted that the legion will win 100
per cent of its cases, following the
decision of the Ohio court of ap
peals as announced by Gilbert Bett
man, department commander of
Ohio, through the national head
quarters. The court of appeals decision
turns over to the legion post of Ohio
the principal of a war chest fund
involving $54,000. This is the third
victory for the legion in such cases.
These cases established precedents
for the collection by the legion of
the residue of money accumulated
by various organizations during the
war for the benefit or soldiers,
sailors and marines then in the
The higher court has made the
legion's stand stronger than ever
by holding the legion to bear the
same relation to the world war as
did the Grand Army of the Republic
to the civil war.
Lemuel Bolles, national adjutant
of the legion, explained the nation
wide effects of the decision:
"The court has even gone beyond
the legion requests in that the
trustees in the lower court asked
that the fund be held for 10 years
and the incomeused under super
vision of the American Legion for
10 years, then the principal be
turned over to the legion.
"The court of appeals, however,
voluntarily held that the principal
of the fund in question be forthwith
distributed to the American Legion
posts of the state, at the same time
adding that the United States gov
ernment would take care of the dis
abled." The two lower court decisions
establishing the legion's right to
these, funds were in Athen county,
Ohio, tried in Cincinnati, and at
Vevay, Ind., the latter involving a
$5000 fund. In the Indiana case the
trustees were attempting to use the
$5000 for a county nurse. They were
enjoined by the court from such use,
and the money was given to trustees
designated by the legion for the
purpose of erecting clubhouses for
the local legion posts, which would
stand as, permanent war memorials
in the county.
of well-directed observation. Espe
cially interesting is the work done
by the students of design. Every
one of the things exhibited in this
line was surprising for its orig-"
inality, symbolism and color com
bination. The influence of the
Warner collection is felt on every
hand. Under the guidance of Albert
Schroff the students are assimilat
ing the best civilization can offer
and the result cannot be too highly
Theory and practice of decorative
design, under Albert Schroff, exhibit
one drop design by Beatrice Morrow
which is very beautiful golden
dragons on a splendid blue back
ground. The group has every rea
son to be proud of this, as well as
a circle designed by Mabel Johnson.
John Snook gave a strong bit of
work and originality in his border.
Among the designs for textiles we
find some exquisite results. The
branch is under Miss Maude Kerns'
guidance. Gladys Smith recalls all
the beauty of the fall coloring bound
in sympathy and rhythm of design
in an all-over pattern for silk.
There are designs for velvets which
recall the beauty of the ancient
looms of Genoa and Florence. The
problems given for the arrangement
of lines for a square tile, and of
shapes for round tile in color, are
solved in a highly successful mari
ner, the result showing feeling for
rnytnm, symooiism and originality.
On the floor above the school of
architecture has its exhibit. This
is one of the most interesting
branches of the university, one of
which every Oregonian has reason
to be proud. We hardly realize
how high this department of the
university stands. It is under the
direction of Ellis T. Lawrence, dean
of architecture, a man of rare at
tainments whose whole soul is
wrapped up in the wont, with W. j
B. Wilcox' in its faculty.
There is a vital spirit expressed in
all this group exhibits, the most in
teresting being perhaps the prob
lem given the senior class, a monu
ment to civilization. The problem
has fired the imagination and the
results are unusually fine in con
ception and execution. Everyone
in Portland would be interested in
seeing these and should feel under
this guidance how high this school
of architecture stands among the
very best institutions of its kind.
We do not realize that it competes
annually with the Beaux Arts, and
that the students have taken the
highest rewards of the Boston In
stitute of Technology.
When the sons of the fir-clad
hills and fertile valleys of Ore
gon are competing with those born
and reared among the best archi
tecture has offered for the last
thousand years, and are competing
successfully, does it not seem as
though Portland in the future must
reach a degree of perfection, archi
tecturally, due' its natural beauty
which is second to none?
Monday evening in the chamber of
commerce of Eugene, Albert Schroff
opened the exposition of his work
done in Carmel this summer, with
a reception to his friends. It con
sists of about 50 canvases of oil
and water color paintings, prin
cipally subjects of Carmel gleam
ing ; sunshine and purple shadows,
blue skies and opalescent waves,
shadowy trees and emerald pools
all treated in his vigorous vibrant
technique. It was a privilege to
see these, for Mr. Schroff not only
is well known in the east for his
marines, but is at the very head
of the profession with his cartoons
for stained glass. It is fortunate
that Eugene has such a man at the
head of the art department.
wife, Lucy Schroff, also Is well
known for her delicate miniatures,
having studied under Laura Hills,
who is no doubt the first American
In closing I cannot help men
tioning the delightful spirit of hos
pitality at the university. It seems
as though each one felt it his or
her special duty to make one feel
as happy as possible that every
one is anxious to understand the
other's standpoint. This spirit ra
diates from President and Mrs.
Campbell. Can "there be a greater
donation to culture? ,
Sunday the girls of Hendricks hall,
under Miss Gertrude Talbot, enter
tained at tea. The poise with which
they received their guests and pre
sided at the tea table was delight
ful and a tribute to the work Miss
Talbot is doing and which is as im
portant as many other branches of
After all, we send our children
to college not to cram a quantity
of knowledge, but to fit them for
useful lives, to make men and wom
en of them who will know and
stand up for the real values of life.
We wish them to be brought in
contact with men and women who
have these standards and this sure
ly is the privilege of the student at
City Development Shown
From 1851 to 1922.
Municipal Librarian Presents a
AN INTERESTING outline of the
growth of city activities ha3
been prepared by Mrs. Kellaher
Secrist, municipal librarian. In her
tabulation Mrs. Secrist . has given
the year in which each activity was
launched and dates from 1851 to
1922. The list is as follows:
1852 Volunteer fire department, jail.
1854 Cemetery, street grading, city
attorney, assessor, ferries, licenses.
185(1 Street cleaning.
1857 Waterworks, water mains. .
1862 Smallpox hospital.
1864 Portland library association,
1865 Street i lighting, police, street
Improvement, recorder's court, old court
houses 1867 Day and night police.
1869 County hospital, high school.
1S70 Chapman and Lownidale
s-iuares, municipal court, Holladay park,
pound, library reading room.
1871 Washington park.
1873 Pipe sewer, night school.
1874 Good Samaritan hospital, St.
1877 Public school library.
1878 Trunk sewer (brick and stone),
r-nblic scales permits.
1882 Oregon numane society.
1883 Paid fire department, first high
school building (1883-5), fire alarm tel
enaph. 1886 reennose, detectives. .ui. Kun
water system, started.
1887 City water supply, medical col
1880 Harbor police, evening elemen
tary school. .
1890 Water meters first used, meter
repairs, garbage , collection (private)
rubbish, collection (private), crlninal
1891 Bull Run reserve, building per
mttw. nlumbine insDeetor.
1892 Art museum, city hall (1802-94).
1803 First public library budding
weights and measures, health officers
1894 Crematory, iull tun conduit
No. 1 laid.
1897 Macleay park (donated).
1900 Park board, baths.
1901 Library contract with city, free
library, free kindergarten. Juvenile rurt.
1902 Reference room in library, juve
nile department in library.
1903 Mounted police, fireboat, civil
service, open shelf library, band concert
1904 Food inspection, sanitary inspec
tion. 1905 Lewis and Clark fair, extensive
bard-surface pavement programme,
woman's protective division (women po
lice), manual training In schools, hand
street cleaning, building inspector, tu
berculosis sanitarium (private). 1
1006 Rose festival, associated chari
ties, domestic science in schools, public
baths, police and fire relief.
1907 School census, branch libraries
and branch reading rooms, playgrounds
(People's institute), park, and boulevard
1908 Medloal inspection of schools,
sealer of weights and measures, school
uurse, school for deaf, stammerers and
defectives, street flushing, motor street
1908 Trade school.'
1909 Free employment bureau, play
grounds (parks), playground instructors.
1909 Dairy inspection, milk inspec
tion, Mt. Tabor park (1909-10), totting
1910 City milk . chemist, school de
partment of library, garbage incinera
tor, swimming pools, public dock com
mission, Bertillon and finger print iden
tification, bacteriological laboratory.
1911 Library contract with county,
Terwilliger boulevard, high school libra
rians, school truant officer, school gar
dens, summer vacation schools, motor
police, dental clinic, electrical inspection.
1912 Traffic police, public comfort
stations, street drinking fountains, street
tiee planting, community recreation
building, property identification.
1913 Boulevard lighting, commission
eovernment, motion picture censorship,
raunicipal garage, municipal shop, pur
chasing agent, vice squad, public library
ct-ntral building, police headquarters
building, emergency hospital, meat in
spection. 1914 Public market, school for blind,
tuberculosis clinic, traffic survey, Mult
nomah falls (donated).
1915 Benson park (donated), fire
prevention work and fire marshal, mu
nicipal lodging house, motor bus inspec
tion, sign inspection.
1916 Public auditorium (begun).
1917 r-Municlpal fish market, minlcl
pal golf links.
1918 Municipal asphalt paving plant,
detention home for women.
1919 Court of domestic relations.
Mills open-air school, Americanization
course in public schools, boys' and girls'
club work (agriculture in schools), city
1930 Fire department completely mo
3921 Dock commission terminal No. 4
1922 Starting of complete terminal
for united, railway f acuities.
Paralysis Spread Is Laid to
Rats and Fleas.
OUTBREAK IS HELD DUE
Harvard Professor Tells Scien
tists That Case Is Similar
to Bubonic Plague.
CAMBRIDGE, Mass, Dec 29. The
conviction that infantile paralysis is
spread by rats and fleas, just as the
bubonic plague is spread, was ex
pressed by Professor Charles T.
Brues of Harvard university in an
address before the medical science
section of the American Association
for the Advancement of Science to
day. He indicated that there may
be another serious outbreak in the
United States soon, possibly during
"The animal reservoir to whioh
the finger of suspicion points is the
rat, and the insect intermediary, the
flea: exactly the combination which
we know to be responsible for the
perpetuation of the DuDonlc plague,
said Professor Brues.
Epidemics Are Intermittent.
The epidemic prevalence of par
alysis, he said, had been strikingly
intermittent "with a tendency to
exacerbation every second, or, more
notably, every seventh year. If- this
frequency is repeated we may soon
expect another serious outbreak in
the United States, possibly during
1923, and if such should come to
pass it seems very probable that a
world-wide epidemic wave or polio
myelitis is under way, similar to
the present tropico-demic of plague
which began at about the same
Practically all epidemics of the
disease, said Dr. Brues, occur dur
ing the summer.
Food Industries Influenced.
Transmission of disease nbt only
to other people but also to animals
and fish, with a potential influence
on the food industries, has to be
considered by the United States
public health service in its attitude
toward immigrants, Professor C.,W.
Stiles of that service, revealed in
an address today also before the
medical section of the association.
He explained the reason for the
policy of deporting Asiatic immi
grants suffering from the Asiatic
This type of disease, he said, had
been known since 1879, but the qure
of only one case appeared to be re
corded. The disease, he continued,
in its natural course in Asia passed
successively from man to snail, then
to a fish. Snails and fish of closely
related varieties existed in this
country and it was probable that if
introduced here the disease would
be transmitted to them.
Juveniles Are Studied.
Dr. J.' E. W. Wallin, director of
the bureau of special education and
professor of clinical psychology,
said that a 12-year study of 3600
juveniles of all grades of intelli
gence and the observation of thou
sands of parents of mentally de
fective children had led to the con
clusion that most cases of feeble
mindedness, insanity or epilepsy
rests in the ancestry.
General Harry Taylor of the
United States army engineers' corps,
speaking on the problem of con
troling floods of the Mississippi and
Missouri rivers, said that reforest
ation of the watershed would not be
practical for this purpose. To bring
about a reduction of one-half in the
flood discharge, he said, two square
miles of forest would be necessary
for every second foot of reduction,
or 400,000 square miles of forest
along' the Missouri and 100,000
square miles at the headwaters of
the Mississippi. t
Dr. G. F. Cottrell, director of the
government fixed nitrogen labora
tory at Washington, speaking at a
chemical symposium, said this coun
try was well on Its way to com
plete independence from Germany
in nitrogen fixation.
The American association for the
advancement of science today elect
ed Dr. Charles D. Walcott, secre
tary of the Smithsonian institution
al Washington, as its president of
the coming year. Professor B. M.
Duggar of Washington university
school of medicine, was elected
president of the botanical society
George T. Fanning.
George T. . Fanning, who died
Thursday, December 28, at his home
at 681 Crampton street, came to
Oregon In 1877
engaging in the
ness and later in
J stationary e n g i
W neering. He re
tired from active
business about 10
years ago. ,
J He was born in
Bath, 0. in 1839.
Had he lived one
month longer he
would hava cele
brated his 55th
sary. He was a member of the Cen
tenary Wilbur Methodist Episcopal
He is survived by his widow, Mary
A. Fanning, three daughters, Mrs.
Ella Harper of Cincinnati, Mrs. Em
ma Heinrich of Portland and Mrs.
Eva Scharpf of Pendleton, Or., and
one son, Ernest T. Fanning, of Pilot
Funeral services were held yes
terday at J. P. Finley & Son's par
lors. Rev. Charles W. MacCaughey
and Rev. W. T. Kerr officiating.
Mrs. Ann Gowland.
ASHLAND, Or., Dec. 30. (Spe
cial.) Mrs. Ann Gowland, a pioneer
of the Belleview district, adjacent
to this city, died yesterday at the
age of 86 years, 6 months and 17
days. She was born In London, Eng
land. After her marriage she and
her husband moved to Mankato,
Minn., In 1886, coming to Ashland
three years later. Her husband died
in 1901, and since that time she
had been making her home with her
son, James E. Gowland, and his
wife, who survive. Two other sons
are dead. Services will be held to
morrow at the Episcopal church,
with interment in the family plot
in Hagardino cemetery.
. Charles Sigle.
Charles Sigle, 48 years old, died at
his home, 500 East Fourteenth
street, last Tuesday. For the last
12 years he had been foreman of the
E. Hippely machine works, 225 Oak
Mis Sigle &me to FortU.n4i .9U,
1 . m J
from Elkhart, Ind. He was a mem
ber of the Maccabees and of Eureka
council of the Security Benefit as
sociation. He is survived by his
widow, Millian Sigle; a son, Charles
M.; two brothers, William E., of San
Jose, Cal., and Jesse Davis Mears of
Funeral services were held Thurs
day at the Portland crematorium.
Mrs.' Ida B. Peters.
Mrs. Ida B. Peters, Alexandra
court, a resident of Portland for the
past 35 years, died at the Portland
surgical hospital Friday night fol-
,. lowing an illness
' She had Just un-
dergone an opera
Mrs. Peters, who
was born in Mar
shall, Mich., was
the widow of the
late Isaac D. Pe
ters. She was a
member of Trinity
church and al
ways took an
active interest In
the church af-
She is survived by two sons, Dr.
George D. Peters and John G. Peters,
both of Portland, and two grand
children, Helen Peters and Richard
Peters of this city.
Funeral services will be held to
morrow morning at 10 o'clock, at the
Trinity church. Interment will be
in Riverview cemetery. '
Mrs. Jacob Asher.
Mrs. Jacob Asher, 75 years old,
died last Saturday at her home, 234
Lincoln street, after a long illness.
were held last
noon. Mrs. Asher had
resided in Port
land for 38 years.
She is survived by
her husband, who
is a well-known
chant; a son, Mor
ris M. L. Asher of
Boston, Mass., and
a daughter, Mrs. H.
M. Wise of Port
land. Mr. Asher
was also prominent in Ahaval Sho
lom church circles. v
Joseph Ii. Brown.
DALLAS, Or.. Dec. 30. (Special.)
Joseph L. Brown, 70 years old,
died at his home near Dallas
December 25. He is survived by his
widow and one son, Frank L. Brown
of Spokane, Wash. Mr. Brown was
born on a farm near Dallas, and
was a son g William C. Brown, one
of the earliest settlers of Polk
Morris Funeral Wednesday.
Funeral services for Fred S. Mor
ris, well-known local financier and
bond dealer, will be held at Finley's
chapel, Wednesday afternoon at 2:30
o'clock. Rev. A. A. Morrison, rec
tor of Trinity Episcopal church, will
have charge Interment will be at
Mrs. Lily L. Folkes.
SALEM, Or., Dec. 30. (Special.)
Lily L. Folkes, pioneer of Salem,
died here today at the age of 67
years. She was born near this city.
Mrs. Folkes is survived by a daugh
ter Mrs. S. Lindsay, and a son, Henry
S. Folkes, both of Salem.
Phone your want ads
Oregonian, Main 7-070.
TOO LATE TO CLASSIFY.
iDinmiEUT HOUSE LEASE
Long-time lease, good furniture,
elose in. brick building, low rent, very
NATIONAL INVESTMENT CO.,
SI 9 PANAMA BLDG.
PHONE BROADWAY 7581.
ROOMING HOUSE FOR SALE.
t i k,i, Nih hill district,
rnnA income, besides living room; 1000
NATIONAL INVESTMENT CO.,
ill PANAMA BLDG.
PHONE BROADWAY 7581
NEW 6-room bungalow in Rose City, 3
bedrooms downstairs, an imiuwouu
floors, tile bath, tile drainboard, full
basement, located between Thompson
and Brazee. on 43d. Call owner, Auto.
General merchandise store in good
location, rent $25; invoice about $3600.
Nets about 15 per cent; $1500 will han
dle. 512 Panama Dldg. r oono oraj,
wnTirr. FOR SALE.
Downtown brick hotel, low rent, big
income, long lease; $5000 will handle.
NATIONAL IP V mmm i "-v-R19
PHONE BROADWAY 7581,
THREE REAL BARGAINS IN SETS
Also eight high-class drawing pens
and bond pens; overstocked. Brown
lee, Washington hotel. Come Sunday,
Monday or Tuesday. ,
9-ROOM house for sale, on paved street
in St. Johns, bargain for eome one and
will sell on easy terms. East 3836.
DESIRABLE room In hi-gh class apt
Use of kitdhen for woman. Catholic
referred. Bd-wy. 1540.
FOR RENT 6-room house and double
garage at 860 E. 14th N. Phone Tabor
THOROUGHLY experienced white woman
would like day work of any kind. Call
6-ROOM house for rent, $12.50. Bdwy.
MAN to trap mupkrats; some money re
quired. Call Wheeler. Bdwy. 4049.
FOR SALE Haviland china dinner set.
A HAPPY NEW
COUNCIL 2227, S. B. A.
U1 members of our so
ciety are cordially in
vited to attend next Fri
day night. The new eam
Taten for new members
wnt-nh th ladies and gents battle
for first honors; see the beautiful de
gree work. .
MEMBERS OF AN
CHOR COUNCIL Regu
lar meeting Tuestiay
night. 1923 will be the
banner year for Anchor
Council. Do your duty.
Bring your candidates.
See Capt. Gates' beautiful
initiatory work. Banquet
and entertainment in
charge of Etna Martin and Capt. Gates
and their team. Don't forget the big
benefit dance January 9. - .
Eureka Council No. 204,
S. B. A., Monday evening.
Jan. L East side w. o.
W. hall. E. 6th and Al
ier. Short business ses
sion. Mary E. Duraza,
Is preparing a little sur
prise for pleasure of
members aiter council
Don't miss it.
TENT NO. 1, MACCA
BEES, will hold a regular
review and Initiation next
Thursday, January 4, at
386 Washington street.
Visiting Sir Knigbts in
vited. TYSON KJNSBLL,
Monday Night. New Year's
Night. Till 1 A. M.
at Moobo hall. , 4th and
Taylor sta. Regular danoe
every Tuesday, , Thursday
and ' Saturday evenings.
Prasp's Moose Orchestra.
''WS3 NO. L DEGREE- OF
f'y HONOR PROTBCTrVB
icTJ ASSOCIATION, meats
. iy H TT, O. ft T If
114 Grand avenue
OREGON ASSEMBLY NO. 1, UNITED
ARTISANS, will give the usual card
party and dance on Thursday eve., Jan.
4, at W. O. W. hall, 128 11th t. Prizes
and refreshments. Admission 25 cents.
, A, VAN AiSXIlilB. Secy,,
NO. 1, K. T. Complimen
tary party at the Multno-
9 Year's evenine. Dancing
and cards. Informal. It will
be & nice party, you will like it. All
members oi Oregon Commandery are
respectfully requested to attend.
C. F. W I EG AND, Recorder.
Employers needing help of
any description, telephone
Broadway 52S8. Only Masonio
heln furnished from this of
fice. No charge to employer or employe.
N. H. Achison, manager. Masonic head
quarters, Multnomah hotel.
NTDIA TEMPLE, DAUGH
TERS OF THE NILE, will
hold regular session Wednes
day, January U. 1 P. M. Elec
tion of officers for 1923. Cere
monial will be held January
27 2 .P, M.. Pythian temple.
Order of Queen Lea.
AUlJA t;uiiji.AKO, rtec.
ROYAL NEIGHBORS OF AMERICA,
MARGUERITE CAMP "No. 1440, meets
every Tuesday evening, 1145 Grand ave
nue. LULfAH, ttecoruer.
FOR RENT Beautiful lodge room at
I. O. O. P. hall, 8V4 N. 11th, Sundays,
Mon. or Tues. eve. and every day; very
reasonable. Tabor 4303.
CARD OF THAXKS.
We wish to express our sincere thanks
to our many friends and neighbors,
especially members of the I. O. O. F.
lodge, who so kindly assisted us during
the illness and death of our beloved
wife and mother, Sadie Kennedy.
JAMES L. KENNEDY
We wish to thank our kind-and sym
pathetic friends and relatives for their
help during our sad bereavement and
loss of our dear son and brother, Edgar;
also for the many beautiful floral offer
MK. AMI MRS. FKED C FFAJJ'fiLB,
"We wish to thank our many friends
for their kinaly expressions and services
performed during our recent bereave
ment and express our sincere apprecia
tion for the many beautiful floral of
ferings. DR. AND MRS. C. S. OGSBURY.
We wish to exnress our most sincere
thanks to our many friends and neigh
bors for the kindness and sympathy
shown us during our late bereavement. -
LILLIAN SIGLE AND FAMILY.
BRYAN In this city December 29; 1922,
William Bryan, father of W. A. Kofer
of Allegheny. Pa., brother of Ca-1
. Bryan of Corning, Kansas. Remains
are at the chapel of Edw, Holinan &
Son, Third and Salmon streets. Notice
. of funeral later.
GRISWOLD In this city December 29,
1922, Arthur Griswold, brother of
Frank and Minnie Griswold. Remains
are at the chapel of Edw. Holman
& Son, Third and Salmon street
Notice of funeral later.
SCHMIDT December 30, Ann Schmidt,
aged 66 years, beloved wife of George
Sohmidt and mother of Anna and Miks
Schmidt. Remains at McEntee &
Eilers' parlors. Sixteenth and Everett
streets. Funeral notice later.
MATTSON In this city. December 80,
the infant daughter of Mr. and Mrs.
George Mattson. Remains at the chapel
of Lok & W'healdon, Belmont at 85th.
Funeral notice later.
LEART In this city December 38, 1922.
Annie Ireary. mother ot Mrs. Mamie
Berger of Oakland, Cal.; Mrs. Cather
ine Warne of Kanaas City. Mo.; Mrs.
Nell Lrotenelagrer and Celia Hunter of
Portland, and Neal and J. W. Leary;
sister of Peter Summers and Mrs. K.
McNamara of Oregon City. Funeral
cortege will leave her late residence,
835 Missouri street, at 8:30 A. M.
Tuesday, January 2, 1923. thence to
Blessed Sacrament church, Maryland
and Blandena streets, where requiem
high mass will be eung for the repose
of her soul, commencing at 9 A. M.
Interment Klverview cemetery. Edw. "
Holman & Son. directors.
HERALD At La Grande. Or.. December
30, 1922. John W. Herald, beloved
father of Mrs. Mae Faith. A. G.
Herald of Pendleton. Or., and H.
C. Herald of La Grande. Or.: Mrs.
Ethel Ho lichen s of Waitsburff, Wash.;
Mrs. Lolla Quick of Walla Walla.
"Wash.; D. Herald of Portland. Mian
Jessie Herald of Portland. Funeral
services will be conducted Tuesday at
10:30 A. M. from the mortuary chapel
of A. D. Kenworthy & Co.. B802-04
92d st. y. E., Lents. Friends invited
Interment Multnomah cemetery.
MILLOY Dec. 29, 1922, at his late res
idence, Labbe building. Hecond and
Washington sts., John Mllloy, aged 77
years, beloved f ether of Mrs. Jessie
McLeod of Portland, Mrs. R. S. Shaw,
Kerry, Or.; Mrs. J. W. Kenndy ,?f
Alaska and G. B. Milloy. Seaside. Or.;
on, brother, Doctor Hugh Millov,
Buttp, Mont. Funeral services will ne
conducted Tuesday, Jan. 2. 1923, at 1
P. M., fiom Pearson's undertaking par
lors. Russell st. and Union ave. Friends
invited. Interment family plot. Ml
Scott Park cemetery.
McKEE In this city. December 29. Jo
seph N..- age 64. Husband of Sarah,
father of Eclgar and Ruth, all of
Portland; brother of Mrs. Anna Bunce,
Mrs. May Whitney, Mrs. H. Healey and
Mrs. W. Westlake, all of California.
Friends are invited to attend the fu
neral services, to be held at the
chapel of Snook & Whealdon, Bei-mont-
at 35th, Tuesday, January 2.
at 2:30 P. M. Interment at Rose City
cemetery. Oakland, Cal., papers please
BROOKS In this city, Dec 29. Otin
Brooks, aged 77 years. Beloved hus -band
of Mary B. Brooks and father
of Roscoe C, Harvey LeRoy, Ijeo V1.
Brooks, Betsy Arrene Howltt and
Florence May Stephens. The remajus
are at the Conservatory chapel of the
East Side Funeral Directors, 414 E.
Alder st., where services will be held
Tuesday. Jan. 2, 'at 2:30 P. M. The
deceased was a member of the G. A. R.,
Co. F, 9th. inft. Interment In Roee City
cemetery. Friends Invited.
JAMES Dec, 80, at the late residence
415 East Broadway, John N. James,
aged 70 years, father of John S. James
and brother of Mr S. J. Bryan of
Portland, James W. James of Wici
ta, Kan.. G. I, and A. W. James f
San. Antonio, Tex. The funeral eer-.'-ice
will be held Tuesday, Jan, 2. at
2:30 P. M., at Finley's Mortuary. Mont
gomery at 5th. Friends Invited. Con
cluding service Greenwood cemetery.
PETERS- 'Tu this city December 29, Ida
B. Peters, aged 97 years, late of the
Alexandra Court, mother of r.
George D. and John G. Peters of Port
land. The funerad service will be held
Monday, January 1, at 10 A. M. at toe
Trinity church, North Nineteenth aad
Everett streets. Friends invited. Oott
chidmg service Riverview cemetery.
Private. The remain are at Finley'
Mortuary, Montgomery at Fifth
BRTJCK Tn this city December 29, lOffiJ.
Henry Brack, aged W years, husband
of Pauline Bruck, father of Norman
Brack, brother of Lee- Bruck of San
Franciaco, Otto and Alexander Brack
of Germany. Funeral services will be
held Tuesday, January 2, 1923, at 3
o'clock P. M. at the chapel of Edw.
Holman & Son, Third and Salmon
streets. Concluding services, Portlazi-d
KING In this city tecorrber JHV
Vivian C, aged 28 years, wife of Ken
neth King of San Diego, Oal mother
of Kenneth King Jr., daughter of Mta
SirdS ALcOonald bjoA sister pX Mrs.
J. N. Holt and Daniel McDonald. The
funeral service will' be held Tuesday,
January 2, at 10 A. M. at Fiivley's
mortuary, Montgomery at Fifth.
Friends invited. Concluding service
Mt. Scott cemetery. f
WINESETT In this city, Dec. 80. 192
Lydia A. Winesett, age T2 years. Be
loved mother of Mrs. Myrtle M. Daw
son, Thos. H, Winesett and Augustus D.
Winesett of Portland. Funeral serv
ices will be held Monday at 11 A. M.
from the Eagle Creek church. Inter
ment Foresters cemetery. A. D. Ken
worthy & Co., 5802-04 92d it 8. S.,
HOPKINS Iu this ctty December 30.
1922, Edith Hopkins, daughter of Mr.
and Mrs. Orval Hopkins. FiweraJ
services will be held Tuesday, January
2, 1923, at 1 P. M. at the chapel of
Edw. Holman & Son, Third and Sal
mon streetsi Interment Roe City
MORJtIS In this cty. December 27,
Chauncey Morris, age 17 years, be
loved son of J. C. Morris of Newherg
and Mrs. Beartha Olson of KlaimMh
Falls, Or. Funeral eervlce will xo
head Tuesday, January 2, at 2 P. M..
at the chapel of Milter & Tracey.
COHEN Rose Cohen, aged S5 years.'
Funeral services will be held at tha
home, 231 Sheridan st, under direction
of Shaarel Torah synagogue.
- Portland's beet memorial park; salable
assets over (600,000. At water 1230.
LIMOUSINES for funerals, weddings,.