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About The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current | View This Issue
Eight Sections '
Pages 1 to 24
PRICE FIVE CENTS
VOL. XI,I NO. 51
Entered at Portland fOreRtin
Fpstof fii'p us Second-rlapy Matter.
PORTLAND, OREGON. SUNDAY MORNING, DECEMBER 17, 1923
FLIGHT OVER POLE
PLANNED FOR MAY
GIANT COUGAR SLAIN
IN VICIOUS BATTLE
RELIEF FROM COLD
NOT YET IN SIGHT
400 PERSONS SAVED
FROM BURNING SHIP
FRENCH HOSPITAL CRAFT
TAKES FIRE; 15 MISSING.
IS PIERCE PUN
CAPTAIX AMCXDSEX REACHES
SOME BY DOG TEAM.
SECOND SHOT FIRED JUST IN
TIME TO SAVE HUNTER.
MERCURY DROP TO I 6 OR
EVEN 15 POSSIBLE.
Nation Is Forced to
Return to Europe. ,
SITUATION IS DESPERATE
England Held on Verge of
Abandoning France and
THINGS GROWING. WORSE
Hope to Heal Breach and
Settle Reparations Put
in U. S. Mediation.
(Copyright, 1922, by The Oresronian.)
WASHINGTON, D. C, Dec. 16.
-(Special.) The new role of the
United States, politically, in the
affairs of Europe is to be that of
The statement from the White
House that President Harding feels
the United States no longer can be
"inactive" in the affairs of the
world has completely changed the
aspect of American foreign rela
tions in the last few hours.
The- country at large, even
Washington itself, has been slow to
grasp the full import of the very
informal and vei incomplete in
timations which have been allowed
to percolate through the White
Isolation Seems at End.
To all intents and purposes
American isolation is at an end.
Not that there is to be a rush to tie
this country up in foreign entan
glements, but there is to be hence
forth a recognition of the influence
this country can play and is ex
pected to play in helping to untan-
gle the woeful' condition of affairs
on the continent of Europe.
President Harding was led to
adopt the new policy of interest in
Europe by confidential reports of
the extremely serious condition of
relations between France and Eng
land. Succeeding conferences have
failed to bring the two countries
anywhere near an agreement. . In
stead they have been drifting stead
Future Held Unpromising.
With France and England at log
gerheads, President Harding and
members of his cabinet have come
to the conclusion that conditions in
Europe must go from bad to worse.
There must be agreement be
tween these two nations if Europe
is to get back on her feet. There
must be agreement if Germany is
to be restored to the society of na
tions and make proper restitutions
for the damages of war. The
United States will undertake to
lend its friendly offices and act as
umpire between France and Eng
land, or, if the word umpire be
too harsh a term for a delicate dip
lomatic mission, then the United
States will act as "best friend" and
adviser to the two quarreling na
tions. The United States also will en
deavor to bring about some sort of
Concluded on Page fl. Column 4.)
Explorer, Pleased With Position
of Maud, Thinks Drift Can
Be Made in Four Years.
NOME, Alaska. Dec. 16. (By the
Associated Press.) Captain Roald
Amundsen, head of an Arctic ex
ploring expedition which left the
states in June, who arrived hero
Thursday by Dog team from Wain
wright, said today tie expects to
start in May in an attempt to fly
over the North Pole. He explained
that he ''had come here to. visit
civilization and to communicate
with persons in the United States
Captain Amundsen expressed
cheerfulness over a message re
ceived at the wireless station at
Noorvik stating that the schooner
Maud, in which he started on the
expedition, is about 300 miles north
west of Wrangell island.
This, he declared, is an ideal place
from which to begin a drift over the
pole and he predicted that the Maud
would make the drift in four years
instead of the five planned.
His plane. Captain Amundsen re
ported, is almost entirely assembled
and Is under cover at Wainwright.
His aviator, Lieutenant Oskar Om
dahl, inspects all parts daily to pre
vent rust. The machine is to be
equipped with hickory skiis. The
plane is to take off the Ice in Wain
wright inlet or from the snow.
Captain Amundsen is greatly re
duced in weight, but in perfect
health. ' He left "Wainwright No
vember. 19, going with a mail team
to Deering. At Peering he pur
chased five dogs, with which he
mushed to Nome. He expects to re
main here throughout the cold, dark
period of the winter.
The position of the Maud was
eriven in the wireless as 75 degrees
25 minutes north latitude and 173
degrees 8 minutes west longitude.
This is in an uncharted part of th
DYNAMITE T0C0ST LESS
New Process Will Make Blasting
of Slumps Cheaper.
SEATTLE, Wash., Dec. 16. Dis
covery of a process to make for 6
cents a pound of dynamite that will
do the work in stump blasting for
which an explosive coating 15 cents
a pound has been required, is an
nounced' bv "Villiam M. Dehn, pro
fessor of the chemical department
of the University of Washington.
Sawdust Instead of T. N. T. is used
in hiB process.
He is going to ask the legislature
to have the new dynamite m. nufac
tured by the state and sold to , Min
ers at cost.
WOMAN KILLED BY SHARK
Teacher in Episcopal Mission
School, Porto Rico, Victim.
NEW YORK, Dee. 16. Miss Kath-
erine W. Bourne of Tarboro, N. C,
a missionary teacher at St. John's
school, San Juan, Porto Rico, was
killed by a shark while bathing on
the beach at Borlinquen park, near
San Juan, December-14.
This is according to a cable mes
sage received, today at the Episco
pal church missions house.
BONUS GIVEN FOR BABIES
S. W. Straus & Co. Encouraging
Marriage and Child-Bearing.
CHICAGO, Dec. 16. Bonuses of
$100 for every baby born in the
family of an employe and cash gifts
for employes who marry were an
nounced here today by S. W. 'Strauss
& Co., mortgage bankers. '
These gifts are part of an em
ployes' welfare appropriation for
RAINS ARE PREDICTED
Normal Temperature and Cloudy
Skies Forecast for Week.
WASHINGTON, D. C, Dec. 16.
The weather outlook for the week
beginning Monday follows;
Pacific states: Considerable cloud
iness with occasional rains; tem
perature near normal.
' ' ' ' . ' ' " " TftajFOCV-OW v'
'"" 11 1 Say! vsttY t0KV Ycu rtBsoR&
EXPERIMENTS ARE SUCCESS
High Quality Charcoal and
ENGINEERS BACK TESTS
Professor Stafford of University
Chemical Department Reveals
' Great Industrial Feat.
UNIVERSITY OF OREGON, Eu
gene, Dec. 16. (Special.) One of
the most outstanding contributions
to science yet made by a University
of Oregon man that admits of prac
tical use in the Pacific northwest
and elsewhere became public today
in the announcement that O. F.
Stafford, head of the university
chemistry department, has perfected
a process for utilizing waste wood
to obtain a superior grade of char
coal and wood distillation products
used in a- number of basic indus
tries. Because of the great quantity of
cheap waste wood material avail
able in the northwest, it is believed
that the lumber industry and other
enterprises will be keenly interested
in Professor Stafford's success.
Heretofore it has not been com
mercially practicable to utilize mill
waste in the carbonization and
wood distillation industries.
Proem Stiuida Tents.
Professor Stafford first demon
strated his process scientifically.
The university campus was the
scene of the early experiments. He
and the firm of engineers behind
him have now succeeded, after sev
eral years' labor, in demonstrating
it as a practical commercial pro
cess. Two wood distillation plants
on the Atlantic coast, one of them
controlled by a big corporation,
placed every resource at Professor
Stafford's disposal, and the success
of the ' process was completely
By the Stafford process a fine
grade of charcoal can be obtained
as well as the usual by-products of
carbonization, acetic acid, a'cetone
and wood alcohol, basic in the man
ufacture of such articles as dye,
paints, varnishes, celluloid, smoke
less powder and artificial leather.
A considerable quantity of charcoal
is used in the chemical industry;
for example, in case hardening
steel. Bagged charcoal is con
sumed extensively in many large
cities. Charcoal briquets are in de
mand as fuel. : The Pennsylvania
railroad recently began making use
of briquets made by the Stafford
Waste Wood Utilized.
Cord and slab wood have been
the accepted material used in mak
ing charcoal and its by-products.
As small waste wood Is materially
cheaper, than either slab or cord
wood, the desirability of utilizing
it in carbonization operations has
long been recognized. Eight hun
dred applications have, been made
at various times at the patent of
fice by those who thought they had
hit upon a process of carbonizing
small waste wood on a commercial
scale. The failure of these efforts,
up until the Stafford process was
proved successful, have been due,
in general, to heavy costs of- in
stalling and maintaining the com
plicated mechanical appliances re
quired. Following his preliminary ex
perimental work, Professor Staf
ford set up a semi-commercial scale
apparatus near the campus in the
summer of 1917 and got results
from his operations. The follow
ing fall he took up with the na
tional research council the matter
of getting aid for further work, but
(Concluded on rase 8. Column 1.)
Huge Animal Is Treed on Out'
skirts of Sheridan; Hound
Injured in Fray.
SHERIDAN. Or., Dec. 16. (Spe
cial.) A giant male cougar, driven
out of the mountains by the 'sudden
severe cold and snow, was brought
to bay at the T?ery edge of town
and slain by Neely Smith, Gopher
Valley huntsman, after a vicious
battle. The animal measured 7 feet
3 inches and weighed 130 pounds.
Treed after a three-hour chase by
htunds, the 'cougar snarled defiance
at Smith. As he approached to got
a good shot it made a sudden leap
across the creek of Wily canyon.
Alert for just such a move, Smith
fired as the animal hit the ground,
the bullet shearing the backbone.
Unable to run. it attacked the two
Kentucky hounds that had pounced
upon it. With a savage thrust it
cuffed over one, ripping up its
As Smith reached to rescue the
dog the cougar turned on him. Smith
grasped the dog by a leg, kicked the
cougar In the head and jumped back.
The cougar lunged at him, but Smith
fired from the hip, the bullet tak
ing instantaneous effect and sav
ing him from the descending paw.
Tracks of the cougar's mate were
found in the vicinity of where the
cougar was killed.
Smith has slain seven bears and
two coyotes in the last two months.
PREMIER HUGHES VICTOR
Re-election to Parliament Is by
, Majority of 5000.
LONDON, Dec. 16. The majority
vhereby Premier Hughes was re
elected to parliament in the federal
flections today was placed at 50-00 in
a Reuter dispatch from, Melbourne.
A Central News report from Syd
i ey said that Assistant Minister
Lamond was defeated.
Other ministers whose seats are
considered insecure are Walter M.
Greene, minister of navy and for
defense; Alexander Poynton, postmaster-general,
and Seiutker John
son. Most of the other Hughes col
leagues were defeated.
The dispatch gives the national
ists approximately 36 seats, labor
"5, the country party'iiS, and the in
dependent natlnalis two, but says
that the outstanding results from
doubtful constituencies may alter
"DIRT FARMER" SLATED
Harding Held Sure to Name J. R.
Howard on Reserve Board.
Washington, D. C, Dec. 16. J. R.
Howard of demons', la., ex-prest
dent of the American farm bureau
federation, is slated for appointment
within the next few days as the
"dirt farmer" on the federal reserve
board, according to information
reaching some of the representa
tives of agricultural associations in
attendance here at the first annual
convention of the national council
of farmers' co-operative marketing
associations which adjourned today
It was asserted that President
Harding had made up his mind to
appoint Mr. Howard and that the
nomination might be expected to
reach the senate during the coming
WOMAN AIDS DYING DOG
Killing of Big Collie by Autoist
Placarded as "Heartless."
CHICAGO, Dec. 16. Pclng horri
fied when she witnessed the death
of a large collie dog as it was struck
by a negligent motorist in Wood
lawn avenue today, a fashionably
attired woman ran into the street
and carried the dog in her arms to
the curbstone, where she laid him
down.' Evidently going home, the
woman returned 15 minutes later
carrying under her fur coated arm
a big cardboard sign, which she
propped up conspicuously against
the body of tne dead animal so that
passing automobilists might read.
Neatly hand-lettered, the sign
read: "Killed by heartless autoist."
OF WEEK'S EVENTS AS
Warn Rain Misses Portland and
One Chance for Warmer
Weather Is Lost.
STORM, COLD CONTINUE
Sweet Home Two inches of
snow; temperature 36 above.
Brownevllle Snow falls.
Centralia, Wash Barns
crash under snow.
r Astoria. Sky clear; - frost
i Vancouver, Wash. Eleven
above; Columbia frozen over.
Hood River Minimum tem
perature 1 below zero.
Olympia, Wash. Seven
above; streets icy.
Chehalls, Wash. Nine above
In disappointment, the official
eyes of the weath6r bureau turned
away last night from hopeful con
templation of a small-sized and
very exclusive Btorm formation,
carrying rain and warmth in its
bosom, which made its way down
the coast and jealously kept its
contents until Portland was left
Thus it was that the forecast for
today is "fair and continued cold."
Marshfield and the northern Cali
fornia coast were the recipients of
the only rain and warmth cruising
about in the North Pacific atmos
phere. Down to 16 degrees, even 15. the
mercury might go in the early
hours of Sunday, E. L. Wells, United
Statse weatherman predicted, and i
added that no relief was in sight i
when the bureau covered up its in-!
struments last night.
Some snow will probably :all In
western Oregon during the day.
Marshfield, even Astoria, may see a
i '.Re in the temperature and the
fall of white flakes. Lower valley
regions may likewise have snow but
Portland will struggle on with Its
titter cold, the remaining snow
the near-blizzard of Thursday night,
and a cutting east wind to whirl It
about. So said the weather man and
even the canniest of amateurs saw
'.itfie to make them think other
wise last night. - - -
At 7 P. M. the thermometer read
20 degrees, whioh was as cold as It
went all Saturday flight. Every in
dication pointed to a continued drop
which might send the mercury to
the lowest point for the year. A
clear blue sky and sunshine featured
the day here
Maximum temperature yesterday
was 27 degrees, five degrees below
freezing. Ice in Laurelhurst park,
on Guild's lake and in many private
skating rendezvous outside the city
took on extra thickness. Indications
were that skating would hold for
a week unless the warm Chinook
bears down to spoil the sport, but
to bring relief to frost bitten ears
Roof of Barn Collapses.
CENTRALIA, Wash., Dec 16.
(Special) Ole Hanson, living north
west of WInlock, narrowly escaped
injury when the roof of his barn
collapsed under the weight of snow.
Hanson was en'gaged in milking
when the crash came. The barn roof
of Christ Peterson, a neighbor of
Hanson, also collapsed, killing a
horse. No snow has fallen in this
vicinity in the past 48 hours, but the
thermometer continues below the
freezing mark. Plumbers have been
kept busy thawing frozen pipes.
Astoria Expects irost.
ASTORIA, O., Dec. 16. (Special.)
While the east wind still contin
ues it has not been as strong as
during the previous few days and
the temperature 1 wanner tonight.
The sky is clear and a freezing
temperature is looked for before
morning. 1 '
River at Vancouver Frozen.
VANCOUVER, Wash., Dec. 16.
(Special.) The Columbia river is
frozen solidly from bank to bank
east of the interstate bridge, for the
first time since JJecember, 1919.
West of the bridge the river is al-
fCcnc'.u.led on Page 23, Column 3.)
SKETCHED BY CARTOONIST PERRY.
All Commissions Also
Slated. to Go.
CENTRALIZED POWER SOUGHT
Governor Would Be Able to
LOWER TAXES, IS EXCUSE
Big Idea Is Declared Really to
Gain Almost Absolute Con
trol of Machinery.
Abolition of all commissions and
boards and the creation of a com
mission of five, to be appointed by
the governor, to perform the func
tions of the commissions and boards
wiped out. Such, briefly, is said to
be a plan to be offered at the 1923
session of the legislature. If it
materializes, and there are members
of the legislature who insist that
such a programme is in the mak
ing, there will be a merry time at
Ostensibly the concentration of
authority and responsibility is to
bring about a reduction in operation
osts to the end that there Will be
lower taxes. Actually, however,
according to legislative informants,
the big idea is to place in the hands
of the incoming governor almost
absolute control of the machinery
of the state; This means dictation
of the patronage, and patronage
means building a powerful political
Feelers Are Sent Out.
Democrats close to Walter M.
Pierce, governor-elect, have dis
cussed the prospect of this proposed
legislation, and they have under
taken to "feel out" certain legisla
tive members to ascertain whether
enough support can be obtained
from republican sources to put the
deal through. And some of those
approached, have listened and been
Possibly, the Sl will be offered
as a "cabinet" form of stat gov
ernment, as that might sound lees
offensive and more progressive than
to designate it as a super-commission.
Mr. Pierce has Informed po
litical friends that he does not con
template making changes or ap
pointments while the legislature is
in session, for he wants to wait
until after the session In order to
see what developments may come.
Among the possible developments, of
course, is the super-commission, in
which event, if it was enacted, the
entire policy of the governor's of
fice In making' appointments would
Highway Body Slated to Go.
Legislators who nave had the
plan outlined to them have declared
that the commission is to consist of
I five members and to give it an air
of fairness, not more than three
; shall be members of the democratic
party. Three would be a majority
i and, anyway, two nominal repub
licans can be found for the remain
ig places, so that the governor
would have at his command a nice
air-tight organization through which
to peddle patronage and work up a
powerful democratic machine.
Incorporated in the scope of the
programme is the displacement of
the state highway commission, the
public service commission, the dairy
and food department, labor commis
sion, workmen's compensation com
mission, corporation commissioner,
insurance commissioner, weights
and measures department, superin
tendent of banks, fish commission,
game commission and the rest of
them. A few of these positions are
elective and present a trifle more
difficulty in merging than those
commissions which are merely ap
pointive. Aside from the main responsibili
ties of the secretary of state and
(Concluded on Page 18, Column 5. )
Five Believed Killed by Explo
sions on Vessel When Near ,
CONSTANTINOPLE, Dec. 16. (By
the Associated Press.) The Ameri
can destroyer Bainbridge today res
cued 400 persons from the burning
French hospital ship Vinh-Long, in
the Sea of Marmora. The vessel
took fire 6pposite San Stefano, on
the western outskirts of Constan
tinople. . Fifteen of those who were
aboard the Vinh-Long are missing.
Five of the missing were believed
to have been killed by explosions.
The hospital ship was proceeding
to Constantinople from Bizert when
the fire was discovered in the mag
azine. Several explosions followed
rapidly, enveloping the ship . in
S. O. S. calls were answered im
mediately by the Bainbridge. Lieutenant-Commander
W. A. Edwards
bringing his vessel alongside and
taking off the passengers, the ma
jority of them French soldiers and
their families returning from leave.
United States submarine chaser
96, in command of Lieutenant A. H.
Addoms, also assisted in rescuing
those who jumped overboard.
FIRE SCORCHES TEACHER
Pupil Defies Church Fire to Save
MONTESANO, Wash., Dec. 16.
(Special.) Miss Jessie Reid, a
teacher, was singed in saving the
records and other property of her
school from a fire which, started by
an explosion, gutted the Church of
the Disciples of Christ here yester
day. Jack Tuttle, one of the pupils,
made his way through the burning
building to the room where the com
munion set of the church was kept
and rescued it from the flames.
The building, was used as a school
room for the seventh grade. The
church records and property were
saved, but the school property was
lost. There was $1000 insurance
carried on the building.
BANK R0BBERJS ROUTED
Holdup at Charleston, Wash., Put
to Flight by Alarm.
BREMERTON. Wash.. Dec 16.
Attempt of an unmasked robber to
hold up the Bank of Charleston at
.rleston, near here, at noon today
was truntrted when ah employe of
the bank sounded a burglar alarm,
frightening the man away, accord
ing to a report to Kitsap county
The man stepped up to a teller of
the bank and demanded that he turn
over $5000 "quick." The teller
stepped into the vault, supposedly to
get the money, but Instead sounded
the alarm, and the robber fled.
ROY WILMOT SENTENCED
Ex-Prohibition Agent Goes, to
SAN FRANCISCO, Dec. 16. A sen
tence of five years in the federal
penitentiary at Leavenworth, Kan.,
and a fine of $200 were imposed
today upon Roy Wilmot, former pro
hibition agent here.
Wilmot was convicted two weeks
ago of bribery while in office.
JUSTICE PITNEY RESIGNS
Vacancy on Supreme Bench to Be
Filled by Harding.
WASHINGTON, D. C, Dec. 16.
Associate Justice Pitney of the su
preme court today sent his resigna
tion to President Harding.
The resignation will take effect
BADGER GOVERNOR DEAD
Wisconsin Former Chief Execu
tive Passes at Madison.
MADISON. Wis., Dec. 16. James
O. Davtdsrn, governor Wisconsin
from 1906 to 1911, died here this
He had been ill for several month
Aggregate Levy in City
May Be 45.6 Mills.
STATE'S SHARE NOT KNOWN
$636,670 Lopped by Super
FOUR-MILL RISE LIKELY
Total of $10,940,874.61 to Be
Raised in Multnomah Is In
crease of $1,000,000.
Taxes In Portland next year win
be the highest on record unless
there Is a cut of some consequence
in the Btate levy. County Assessor
Welch is anxiously awaiting word
from Salem announcing the state
levy. Until that is received the
exact mUlage of the local tax can
not be finally fixed.
The Increase of next year's taxes
cannot put them much above those
for 1920. Should the state levy re
main at last year's figure of 9.8
mills the aggregate levy on Port
land property will become 45.8
mills. Here is where Assessor
Welch hopes the tax may not be
made higher than for 1920, and col
lected in 1921, which established the
existing high record. The total in
Portland for that year was 44.8
mills. Should the state lop off the
extra ,8 of a mill from last year's
figure the total levy in Portland
for 1923 would then exactly equal
the previous high record of 44-i
Four-Mill Rise Faced.
Tho total of Portland levies last
year was 41.6 mills. If the' state
levy remains unchanged the in
crease over the current year will be
come i mills. The state levy, as
cited, embraces both those for state
purposes and the elementary school
Those having to do with the fix
ing of tax levies are quick to offer
the explanation- that the increased
levy for school district No. 1, voted
by the taxpayers themselves, ac
counts for almost the entire ,rise
promised for 1923. The Bchool dis
trict levy jumps from 6.7 mills this
year to 10.6 mills for next year.
Here Is a net rise of 3.9 mills, or
the trifling matter of .1 of a mill
less than the aggregate rise which
may confront the taxpayer. As a
matter of record, there are slight
rises in levies granted also to the
city, Port of Portland, dock commis
sion, for county school, cpunty li
brary and market roads. These are
offset in a measure by a decrease In
the, levy for general county pur
poses, Levies Are Compared.
Here is the comparison of 1923
levies, as now fixed through ad
justments of the tax supervision
and conservation commission, with
those for 1922:
: 1922. 192.1.
County 5.454 4.si)
County school . ..1.9G5 2.07J
County library .811 .853
Market roads .310 .314
Consolidated county levy ..8.540 8.100
Port ot Portland 2 000 2.100
Dock commission 2.000 2.400
City of Portland 12.500 12.H0O
School district No. 1 6.700 10.000
Total county and city 31.7-40 35.800 '
In Multnomah county as a whole
it is necessary next year to raise
$10,940,874.61, exclusive of taxes for
state purposes. This is an Increase
of a little more than $1,000,000 over
the current year. The aggregate for
1922 was $9,920,366.81.
Big Sum Lopped Off.
Budget requests called for $636,
670 more of-tax money from Port
land property holders than was ap
proved by the tax supervision and
conservation commission. Stated
another way, this amount represents
the aggregate of what the commie- '
(Concluded on Page 10. Column 2.)