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About The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current | View Entire Issue (Dec. 10, 1922)
THE SUNDAY OREGONIAN, PORTLAND. DECEMBER 10. 1922
LOWER GOAL PRICES
Railroad Fuel Bill Increased
t $16,000,000 Month.
be false to any man" and they let
it go at that
Being in position to dictate the
presidency of the senate the east
ern Oregon delegation has no inten
tion of .pressing its advantage and
"hogging" the important commit
tees. As a matter of policy and for
the welfare of the state and also to
maintain harmony, western senators
will be suitably taken care of.
BRAZIL 1 UTILE
TO OFFER SETTLER
peonage, with all the evils attend
ing such system.
A feature of railroad engineering
between San Faulos and Santos is
worthy of mention. The precipi
tous mountains and deep ravines
have involved an immense amount
of rock work for tunnels, and very
strong and high retaining walls.
For about ten miles of the road an
endless cable is used, to which, in
addition, a steam locomotive helper
Pl.t. I. t 1. 1 Kltrtm
It is possible that Senator Eddy .AmeHCanS WaHd AgaHlSt i is UA to make the ascent with six
will be offered th chairmanship of I
INDUSTRY IS THRIVING
Operators Making Bigger Profits
Than Ever and Some Pre-
pare to Cut Fat Melons.
r BT HARDEN COLFAX.
' (Copyright, 1922, by The Oreronian.)
WASHINGTON, D. C Dec. 9. (Spe
cial.) Business interests through
out the country are calling on the
government in Increasing numbers,
with the first touch of real winter,
to do something to bring about a
more stable supply and lower prices
of coal. The effects of the long
strike are becoming manifest clearly
for trie first time in higher prices
and uncertain supply at a period
when coal must be had. Hundreds
of letters on this subject have been
received here within the past week.
During the same period the inter
state commerce commission made
public a committee report of operat
ing costs showing the railroads are
paying up to $2.65 a ton more for
soft coal than they paid a year ago,
although the cost of producing the
coal is virtually the same now as
then. The railroads use about
8,000,000 tons monthly. A t2 per
ton increase would mean an addi
tional $16,000,000 Item of expense in
their budget each month. Not all
the coal used by railroads, however,
Is paying the increase, that being
used in the non-union sections, for
example, costing even less, by a few
BentB a ton, than last year's supply.
Weekly Output Large.
Figures of coal production issued
by the United States Geographical
survey, all of which are being care
fully studied by the president's fact
finding coal commission, indicate an
output of about 11,000,000 tons
weekly. Selling prices authorized
by the government In the various
states compared with the prices at
which coal was sold last year, show
an Increase to the consumer of from
$1.60 to $3.50 a ton. .The average in
crease in selling prices of soft coal
probably is slightly more than $2 a
ton as compared with prices prevail
ing in December, 1921, and the de
mand for coal which make3 pos
sible the higher selling price con
tinues strong with the car supply
On the basis of this data, all of
which is before the fact-finding
commission, the consuming public
probably is paying $25,000,000 a
week more for its soft coal this De
cember than it paid last. As the
miners went back to w,ork, at the
end of the strike, for the same
wages they received last year, the
cost of producing coal is virtually
the same at the present time as it
was a year ago.
Coal Industry Thriving. ,
Because of the $25,000,000 a week
extra tirofit. thft final indntrv la im
ported to be in a highly fourishiner
state. Notwithstanding the five
months strike, the coal operators
probably will make more money this
Vear tllJin frhpV PVPr mnria in ontr
single year before and many of them
aro reported to De preparing to cut
fat melons in the shape of extra div-
Idpnrla if Rtnplr nnoh TVi on;.,-
factory conditions of the industry
irom tne viewpoint of financial
pronts has resulted in full-time em
Dloyment at hlirh 1rga trt f-irai-tr
one Of the 75.000 n-nrltr Invnlu.H
except where mines are Idle for
Jack of cars. Thousands of miners
are reported as earning from $100
to $150 a week in many sections.
Secretary Hoover's measure of Oc
tober business, taken about a month
ago, was found to be so inadequate
healthy as it showed conditions to
be that he issued another state
ment during the week amplifying
his earlier analysis. The revised
statement shows a much larger in
crease in the volume of all basic in
dustries than he estimated a month
ago. Conditions during November,
according to preliminary reports,
Were extremely satisfactory.
Christmas Trade Heavy.
Virtually all industries are run
ning nearly at top speed; according
to reports io the department of
labor and are demanding more
workers in the face of rising wage
scales. Organized labor is expect
ing attempted reservation of the im
migration law to be more drastic
tUn that suggested in official quar
ters and is preparing to resist it.
Notwithstanding recessions here
and there in the prices of farm prod
uots. the bulk line price continued
to gain during the week. Bank
clearings went to proportions almost
reoord-breaking and interest rates
continued virtually without change.
The Christmas trade was reported
extremely heavy by retail establishments.
the judiciary committee and that
Senator Staples will be offered his
old position of chairman of the ed
ucation committee. Senator Strayer
wants to be on the ways and means
committee, but not its chairman.
Senator Hall wanted the ways and
means chairmanship, and is said to
have been promised it by Upton in
exchange for his vot but Hall sub
sequently released Upton from this
pledge. For the fish committee
Senator Edwards would like to be
chairman, and. so would Senator
Kinney and Senator Farrell. This
will be a committee of trouble in
the coming session because of the
fish fight in sight. Assessment and
taxation promises to be a very im
portant committee and Senator
Dennis may head this, as he served
on it two years ago. Senator Smith
may again inherit chairmanship of
the committee on medicine, phar
macy and dentistry, being the only
doctor in the senate. No one has
been mentioned yet as head of the
roads and highways committee,'
which has heretofore been a big
And while all this gossip is going
on and it looks as though Senator
Upton of Crook and four other coun
ties will be president, because he
has 16 votes, the Eddy camp hasn't
given up the ship, evidently basing
hope on the theory that "there's
many a slip twixt the cup and the
lip" and a president isn't to be
elected until the morning of Janu
ary 8, 1923.
DELEGATION IS TO MEET
Multnomah Legislators to Gather
Members of the Multnomah dele
gation, senators and representatives,
have been called to meet at the
green room in the Chamber of Com
merce Monday night at 8 o'clock, K.
K. Kubli, retiring chairman of the
delegation, telephoned each of the
members yesterday and there was a
general promise to be on hand. The
delegation always meets prior to the
session of the legislature and elects
a chairman and secretary. Since
1917 the delegation has held hear
ings on local bills, but whether
these hearings will be held by the
new delegation will have to be
settled Monday evening.
The hearings rarely result In any
thing definite, for the arguments
made at the hearings are made over
again at Salem when the bills come
up, and the delegation members are
disinclined to commit themselves for
or against the local measures before
they arrive at Salem.
FARMS HARD TO CLEAR
Same Amount of Work Needed as
Home, Says Commis
sioner From Oregon. -
Thus i th third of a series of letters
written tor The Oregonlan by Leo Frlede,
Oregon commissioner to the Brazilian exposition.
MONTEVIDEO, Uraguay, Nov. 8.
(Special correspondence). On leav
ing beautiful Rio Janeiro and tak
ing train, for San Paulos, one at once
crosses a mountain range. These
ara not abrupt or of high altitude,
as our Cascades. Through these
mountain defiles river flow west-1
ward and northward for thousands
of miles, finally to join the Amazon.
The country is rolling and gen
erally used for pasture lands. I
saw numerous herds of cattle and,
while quite a number show coloring
of the Holstein breed, an equal
or greater number are descendants
of "Cebus," with hump shoulders.
The latter breed is the favorite, as
it supplies the products of dairy,
beef and draft animals. As late as
1921 90 cebus were imported from
southern Asia, .
City Is Coffee Center.
The city of San Paulos, in the
coffee center, is a city of 600,000
inhabitants. It Is by no means as
beautiful as Rio, for the latter city
hag a foreground of water unsur
passed and a background of moun
tains with its minarets of Azuear
and Coco Vado, against which cling
the most lovely of villas, with their
strong retaining walls and winding
walks, banked with an abundant
foliage of tropical plants; while San
Paulos is on a plateau of 3000 feet.
Known as the greatest manufac
turing city of the country, it's spe
cialities are cotton textiles, leather,
shoes and other articles of general
consumption. Its population is also
a matter of contract, for the colored
race is materially less in propor
tion. The army of barefeet is near
ly eliminated and the pestiferous
lottery vendor Is not now eeen on
Coffee Plantation Visited.
To visit a real coffee plantation
I had to go to Campenis, a distance
of 30 miles beyond San Paulos, and
which is known as a hacienda. The
one I visited has 550,000 coffee
bushes and is considered of average
size. The bushes are six to eight feet
in height, and set in rows like fruit
trees. They afford, from a vantage
HUNTERS TO BE BARRED
Patrol Established to Guard Mill,
VANCOUVER, Wash., Dec. 9.
(Special.) A mounted patrol has
bean nntahlishpii in the TTnitprt Rtntfts
military reservation her to protect point, a vista like one sees on look-
it from hunters, Colonel T. M. An-1 ing down over the Hood River
derson, commander of the Seventh j orchards, save the lack of Mount
infantry, announced today, tteports , riooa aa a background.
reached regimental headquarters
that hunters had been seen in the
wooded district in the north part
of the reservation.
With the exception of persons au
thorized by the military authorities
The soil is .extremely red and
when wet, as tenacious as our
gumbo or adobe soil. The trees be
gin bearing at four years of age,
and continue for many years, pro
ducing about one and one - half
to do so, one one is allowed to carry 1 pounds of coffee a year, ripening in
firearms in any part of the reserca'
tion. The military patrol will arrest
anyone found in the reserve with a
gun or hunting dog.
PAPERS DENIED GERMAN
Man Who Claimed Exemption in
Draft Is Rejected.
It is plain that European capital
ists early conceived the idea and
obtained control and management of
the railroads, electric, light and
power and many other public util
ities. Wherever you cast your eyes
about you may see English, Dutch,
German and French banks and corp
orations. These organizations suc
cessfully floated their bonds at a
high interest rate.
Currency Is Depreciated.
But financial conditions at this
time seem to carry an uncertain
feeling. The milreis, the unit of
value, is depreciated to one-fourth
of its nominal value, while charges
are fixed for light, poirer, trans
portation, etc., payable in milreis.
The local consumer is not conscious
of this depreciation, but the corpora
tions having interest to pay abroad
iu foreign fixed values are feeling
very seriously .their financial In
volvement Likewise the government is great
ly hampered in meeting its foreign
obligations, for the policy has been
to develop the country far beyond
any Immediate needs. A few days
before I left home a man called at
my office, learning I was going to
Brazil, and requested me to investi
gate the reasons for the marked
decline in Brazilian bonds, In which
he had invested. I regarded the re
quest at the time as absurd, but I
soon learned that the general facts
regarding the government's finan
cial conditions are well. understood
by the average tradesman, and a
feeling of apprehension seems to be
in the air.
Bis Loans Obtained.
The government is also under
taking for the second time the
valorization of coffee, the country's
chief export product, wherein it
pays a specific sum to the grower,
and it then stores the coffee in the
leading markets of Europe and New
York. The government has so far
secured an advance of $45,000,000
from banks of the world at 7 and S
per cent interest.
A combination of events in 1918
made the government's valorization
a source of great profit to itself.
for in that year there proved a crop
failure and the war then reigning
in Europe made for high prices and
created a great gain.
Coffee Growers Satisfied,
The coffee growers are satisfied
with the government paternalism at
this time, but the opposition .rises
from those not directly interested
in coffee growing. On November
15 of next year a new president is
to be inaugurated and much depends
on nis ability to control a rather
uncertain and unpleasant condition
of government finances.
Several books on Brazil have been
written by authors who have touched
at the ports 'of Rio and Santos. My
impressions were that their state
ment of facts would be as accurate
and reliable as those of the European
writers of four years ago who land
ed at New York and from their im
agination described the middle west.
Brazil is a vast and only partial
ly developed country with Immense
possibilities, but I would not recom
mend that people from the states
come to this country. The same
amount of real work needed to hew
a farm out of the woods at home
would be necessary to bring results
Some Sections Favored.
It' is quite true that in a few spe
cially favored sections Germans,
Italians and Portuguese have or
ganized themselves, retaining their
native language, habits and man
nerisms, complying only with the
.Brazilian laws and customs, as
Gifts for Men
He always needs new Shirts.
We've provided' a wealth of fine
Shirts for your selection. Collars
attached or detached.
When you see these fine ties
you will want to give him two
or three. A big showing of
neckwear either silk or knitted.
Neckwear $1.00 to $5.00
is a gift he will use often.
Good quality, most reasonably
$1.50 to $15
January. The coffee is picked by
hand, .each branch containing coffee
berries at various stages of growth.
which, in turn, determines the van
ous grades. When thus stripped it
falls to the ground and is later
raked up and winnowed to dispose j needed. But for a on fr0I th
oi me oeans ueiacueu inruugn me United States to lnt l.-hr
Berries Are Screened.
It is then carted to the hacienda,
placed in large vats filled with
water and, after a few days, is sun
dried. Then follows a process very
much like wheat threshing, each
quality regulated by screening to
PENDLETON, Or., Dec. 9. (Spe
cial.) William Matthias Scheunlng,
applying for final citizenship at the
naturalization examinations here to
dflv. was turned down with Tvreiu-
dic.B. Circuit Judee G. W. PhelDs i graded .standards.
nrohibitlne him from aDDlvine fori The operation of
final papers for five years from the
date of signing of the armistice.
Scheuning was reported to have
claimed exemption from military
service on the ground that he was
an aiiuii. nti 19 a ueixua.u ujr uix in. ,
John Henry Miller, English, and this system permits many workers
Otto Pfennig, German, were admit- to take charge of a considerable
ted to citizenship and the cases of I harvest The contracts involve about
several were continued. $100 a year salary, with free shack
J or house rent, garden, hog and
For real comfort and health, use I chickens.
Edlefsen's coal. Bdy. 0070. Adv. It impressed me as a state of
working , the
hacienda is by leasing to Italians
or negroes, who do the cultivating
and harvesting of a certain number
of trees, as many as one family can
take care. Judging from the num
ber of children about the hacienda,
than at a seaport would soon bring
forth a cry for a universal lan
guage, of which, so far, I have heard
but two words, '"manana" and "garage."
Accident Measure Proposed.
SALEM, Or., Dec. 9. (Special.)
A board of governors composed of
five members to take over the duties
of the three state industrial acci
dent commissioners, three publio
Even -if he has a belt, he'd
like a new one. Let us sug
gest one with a sterling silver
initialed buckle in box.
Belts - - 75c to $2.50
Buckles 50c to $7.50
Why not buy;
able quality, .
when it costs
Interwoven, Phoenix, Onyx,
Wilson Bros, and McCallum.
Dress and Tuxedo sets, cuff
links, collar pins, vest chains
50c to '8
by the box make a most desirable gift.
Plain and initialed, OP f flJO PA
either linen or silk. . AOK, LU d,0J
as a gift, gloves are hard to beat. Espe
cially if chosen here. Cape, mocha, suede,
buckskin. "Gloves (f fl?Q flA
fordressordriving tfl.UU lO dO.UU
Give Him an Order
for a Dobbs Hat
MEN & WEAR
Fifth and Morrison
(Corbett BIdg.) s
Issued for Any Amount
service commissioners and state
labor commissioner is proposed in
a bill now being drafted in Lane
county for submission to the legis
lature at its next session. The con
solidation of the three departments
under the board of governors would
eliminate two paid officials.
dent today included Adam H.
Knight, Canby; Lawrence S. McCon
Judge Gatens Addresses Women.
Judge Gatens addressed members
of the Portland Federation of Wom
en's clubs on "The Laws of Oregon
Relative to Woman's Property
Rights" at the regular meeting yes
terday in the assembly room of the
Portland hotel. Miss Jessie Mc
Gregor, chairman of the scholarship
loan fund committee of the state
federation,, told of the work ac
complished by this fund in aidlne
young women of Oregon to obtain
higher education. A business meet
ing preceded the programme, and
reports of committees were read.
Mrs. Alexander Thompson presided.
Three Great Ports Named.
THE DALLES, Or., Dec. 9. (Spe
cial.) Mr. and Mrs. Charles L. j
Schmidt of this city today cele
brated their golden wedding anni- j
versary. Out of the 50 years of their
married life, 48 have been, spent in ,
The Dalles. An informal reception i
was held during the day at the
family home. Adolph H. Schmidt of
Portland, a son. and Mrs. W. E. .
Simonton, also of that city, a daugh
Harding Names Postmasters.
TR15 ORRGONI AN NEWS BUREAU.
Washineton. D. C. Dec. 9. Oregon '
postmasters nominated by the presi-
UPTON AIDED BY PIERCE
(Continued From First Page.)
senators from the eastern part of
Members of the bloc who had the
understanding with Corhett et al.
now complain that the agreement
regarding Moser was that neither
side was to solicit his vote and that
Moser voluntarily offered his vote
At the Pendleton caucus of the
bloc the original ironclad agree
ment and rule to abide by the will
of the majority prevailed. There
was some question as to how the
western senators would feel, but
they decided, "To thy own self be
true, and it must follow, as the
night the day. thou canst no then
Capacity machines, 300 lbs, (MM
lbs 10OO lbs, 2000 lba., 8000 lbs.
These machines excel any ma
chine manufactured in workman
ship, economy of operation and
Require no attention. No belts.
No visible flywheel. No fouling
of iris. Occupy very small apace.
Pei'vcL nutomatlo control.
Particularly adapted for hemes,
mrdt markets, etc.
Bell Ice Machine and
63 East 8th St., Near Oak
PORTLAND, OREGON .
I'hone Kaat SSTi.
"As the Magi came bearing gifts, so Jo
ne also gifts that are stveet and fragrant
With friendship; gifts that breathe love; gifts ,
that mean service; gifts inspired still fcy the .
star which shone over the City of David,
nearly treo thousand years ago." Kate
A Persian Oriental Rug
embodies all the requirements expressed by the
author and all the endearing sentiment that
can possibly be conveyed by a token.
It denotes unselfish interest in the happiness
of others and will add warmth and cheer to
any fireside on Christmas and through all the
coming years.' ,
Choose a Persian rug and you will feel richer
'for what you give and by giving you will live
in the heart and memory of the joyous recipi
ent during a whole lifetime. Average price
for smaller pieces, 6q.
"At the Sign of the Camel"
Cartozian Bros., Inc.
One-Price Oriental Rug Temples
393 Washington St. (Pittock Block) Portland, Or.
Seattle New York
Spokane " . Persia
unit IB 1 a
The Gift Supreme
TO THOSE whom you wish
to convey your love this
Christmas send Jewelry ,
the gift supreme.
See our personally selected collec
tion of suitable gifts. White Gold
and Platinum Ring, Mountings,
Watches and Diamonds.
Many inexpensive Jewelry Novel
ties here, too.
720 Selling Building
Alder at Sixth
mmwmwh-mumsaumnoPEN EVENINGS UNTIL CHRISTMASmar.awtwhrmiii.i
I J -feij
1 I B !& ft
I 4 r
SPECIAL i !
Places in Your Home any
size, style or finish of the
Genuine Victor Victrola
The balance extended
over a long period of time
Everything Pertaining to Music
"It does make a difference where yon bay yonr Phonograph''
Wholesale Manufacturers Retail
Broadway at Alder Bush & Lane Building
OPEN EVENINGS UNTIL CHRISTMAS.