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About The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current | View Entire Issue (Dec. 10, 1922)
THE SUNDAY OREGONIAN, PORTLAND. DECEMBER 10, 1923
i -ON SHIP MEASURE
Changes Are Explained in
DEBATE MAY BE MONDAY
Senator Jones Gives Notice That
He Will Call Tp Bill Shortly;
Democrats Open Attack.
BY GRAFTON WILCOX
(By Chloa-go Tribune Leased Wire.)
WASHINGTON, D. C, Dec. 9.
Majority and minority reports on
the administration ehip subsidy bill
were presented to the senate today
following favorable action by the
commerce committee on the meas
ure as amended.
Senator Jones, republican, Wash
ington, chairman of the committee.
In a majority report explained the
changes made and gave tie reasons
for the elimination of the Madden
amendment of the house bill requir
ing annual appropriations to be
made for ship subsidies. Senator
Fletcher, democrat, ranking minor
ity member of the committee, pre
sented dissenting views.
The vote in the committee wag 11
to 5, ten republicans and one demo
crat favoring the reporting of the
bill and five democrats opposing it.
Bill to Come Up Monday.
Senator Jones gave notice that he
will call up the bill for considera
tion In the senate on Monday. In
his majority report Senator Jones
explained that the Madden amend
ment would have Interfered with the
financing of shipping enterprises.
The amendment which was incor
porated in the bill in place of the
Madden amendment, it was pointed
out, does not prevent the shipping
board from making contracts in the
first instance for subsidies at rates
as much as double those specified in
the bill without congressional au
thorization, but makes it necessary
for the shipping board to go to con
gress for approval only of increases
after the contracts have been en
The committee made a few addi
tional amendments in the bill be
sides those agreed to yesterday.
One of these amendments restores
1000 gross tons as the minimum size
of sailing vessels which can re
ceive subsidies, the house having
reduced it to 600 tons.
Sales to Be Restricted.
Another amendment provides that
the mails shall be carried so far as
possible on vessels eligible for di
rect aid under the subsidy bill in
stead of merely these under the
American flag as originally provided.
The minority amendment was added
with a section prohibiting for a pe
riod of two years the sale of ves
sels now operated on trade routes
to persons other than those having
the support of the domestic com
munities interested in these lines.
Senator Fletcher in his minority
report indicated his unqualified op
position to the entire bill.
"This Is a proposal to enact a law
adopting a permanent policy of the
government which has been repeat
edly proposed heretofore ajid as
often rejected by congress," said
Senator Fletcher in his minority
Itlnch Trouble Forecast.
"The policy involves launching
the government upon a sea of trou
ble and enormous expense in the
form of a direct cash contribution
from the treasury to specific pri
The proposal is based upon the
contention that the adoption of such
a policy is necessary to the estab
lishment and maintenance of a
merchant marine adequate for the
needs of the United States.
"The measure is attempted to be
supported by the assumption that it
is sound because the opponents of
such a policy do not propose any
thing better or different. Such an
assumption is, of course; unwar
ranted. It assumes that if an un
wise or positively vicious measure
is proposed it should be accepted un
less some substitute is suggested.
"The answer to such a measure is,
and must be, resistance and defeat.
Any attempt to modify, amend or
substitute means compromise, more
or less recognition of the principle
involved, and therefore would be in
adequate and unsatisfactory.'
ORCH IS FREE ST LUST
MURDER SUSPECT RELEASED
AFTER FOUR TRIALS.
Court Says Alienists Differ, but
None Considers Him Harm
ful Even if Unbalanced.
LOS ANGELES, Cal., Deo. 9. Ar
thur C. Burch,, formerly of Evans
ton, 111., had his freedom tonight
after standing trial three times for
nirder and once for insanity. The
juries on the murder charge all dis
agreed and the alienists at the in
sanity hearing did likewise, but. the
weight of expressed belief of the
latter was that Burch was sane, or
harmless if insane, so his freedom
was restored to him. Burch said
he did not know what he would do.
The action today completed a long
chapter of trials based on the mur
der of J. Belton Kennedy, a realty
broker, who was shot down on the
steps of his summer cottage in Bev
erly Glen, about 18 months ago.
Burch and Mrs. Madalyne Oben
chain were indicted for the crime.
Burch was tried three times to dis
agreements. Mrs. Obenchain was
tried twice, both those juries dis
agreeing. 'Mrs. Obenchain recently was freed
when the district attorney dismissed
the murder indictment. Burch was
held for an insanity hearing on the
petition of his attorney, Paul W.
Schenck. Mr. Schenck and Rev. W.
A. Burch, father of Arthur, both
testified today they believed he was
insane and gave instances of what
they said were unusual conduct.
The alienists who examined him di
vided on his sanity and Judge Weyl,
presiding, held that the question
seemed to resolve itself in Burch's
favor and directed that he be freed.
Chinook Conditions Continue.
WALLA WALLA, Wash, Dec 9.
(Special.) Chinook conditions
which began at midnight last night
continued today and the Bnow rap
idly is being melted. So much of it
is sinking into the ground that there
is little fear of floods. Depth of
the snow was 11 inches.
NAVY TO SUPPORT
Secretary Denby Says Need
of Strength Is Vital.
ARMS TREATY APPROVED
Read The Oregonian classified ads.
Sea Force Second to None HelcH
Possible tinder Limitations
. Imposed by Conference.
WASHINGTON. D. C, Dec. 9. A
general naval policy Droviding for a
navy "second to none" and strong
enough to support American policies
and commerce and guard American
continental and overseas possessions
was laid down by Secretary Denby
in his annual report to congress.
Such a navy, the secretary said,
should and could be maintained
within the provisions of the naval
limitation treaty. He added that al
though the present naval establish
ment was deficient in-certain types,
such as fast cruisers, aircraft cruis
ers, sea-going submarines and air
craft, ha would make no immediate
recommendation for additional ap
propriations because of the present
financial condition of the country. -Armament
The secretary, in connection with
his discussion of the results of the
armaments conference, said that the
navy department had been "entirely
in sympathy" with the purposes of
the conference, and predicted that
the benefits of eliminating com
petitive navy construction will be
realized more and more fully as the
years go by.
"For the first time in the history
of our country," he said, "the navy
and congress have a definite naval
policy and building and maintenance
standard to work to, a standard
which is proportionate to our posi
tion as a world power. Thajnainte
nance of this standard in ail re
spects is necessary to our defense
and our prestige."
Many Ships DUcontlnnert.
The navy secretary reportec. that
during the fiscal year 376 naval
vessels, including six second line
battleships and 1372 first line de
stroyere, had been placed out of
commission, and continued:
"This sweeping reduction was
necessitated by the cutting down of
the enlisted strength of the navy
to a total authorized strength of
86,000 men. All the battleships not
retained in the treaty on the lim
itation of armament, and a number
of other vessels on account of their
material condition, have been placed
out or ordered out of commission
to be either scrapped or sold. A
large number of vessels were decom
missioned with a view to retaining
them in good condition for future
service. The 173 destroyers, first
line, are practically new vessels con
structed during the war, and great
care was taken in decommissioning
them so that they should suffer the
least possible deterioration during
the period that they will lie idle at
our naval bases at Philadelphia, Pa.,
and San Diego, Cal."
The secretary made no recom
mendation for a change in the Jaw
regarding the personnel of the reg-
uiar esiauiisnmenL, dui ue urgeu
that the pending measure for re-j
organization of the reserve be passed
"to stabilize the reserves' and pro-!
vide for a healthy increase in their
numbers and activities." i
Because of the reduced activities
of the navy, Mr. Denby said, the
civilian force had been reduced from
81,562 on June 30, 1921, to 54,068
on June 30, 1922, cutting the salary
roll almost in half.
Recounting some of the accom
plishments of the air arm of the
navy during the year, Mr. Denby
"The development of aviation as
an integral part f the fleet, with
types of aircraft suited to every
need of the naval 'forces, has been
the outstanding feature of the past
year in naval aeronautics.
Aeronautics Bureau Justified
The rapid strides that have been
made in organization and develop
ment work have fully justified the
establishment of the bureau of
aeronautics, and the work of this
bureau is also reflected in the gen
eral contribution that has been
made to the advancement of indus
trial and commercial aviation in this
In concluding his report, the sec
retary spoke a word for a fully
developed merchant marine, declar
ing it essential to the proper func
tioning of the navy.
- "There is perhaps no subject of
more vital interest to the navy de
partment," he said, "nor one to
which more earnest attention is
given than the re-establishment of
the American merchant marine. The
ability of the navy successfully to
defend the nation demands mer
HOLDUP GIVES BUS FARE
Woman Robbed of Purse Receives
10 Cents Back for Ride.
ABERDEEN. Wash, Dec. 9. (Spe
cial.) After being held up and
robbed of $5.10 at tbo uoint of a
pistol about 6:15 o'clock this morn
ing, at Wishkah and L streets. Miss
Venola Lee, 210 West Wishkah
street, had returned to her 10 cents
with which to pay for transporta
tion to a Hoquiam cafe, where she
Miss Lee told the police that while
she was standing on the street cor
ner waiting for a Hoquiam bus a
man, a stranger, greeted her with a
cheery "good morning." A second
later he flipped out a revolver and
ordered her to put her hands up
and march. He marched her a block,
meantime taking her purse.
Number Decreasing Rapidly,
Says U.S. Report.
547,016 ARE ON ROLLS
Mr. McArthnr at Capital.
THE OREGONIAN NEWS BUREAU,
Washington, D. C, Dec. 9. Repre
sentative McArthur arrived in Wash
ington today after five days in St.
Luke's hospital, Chicago, as the re
sult of a severe cold, with a ten
dency toward pneumonia, contracted
while on his way here to attend
the opening of congress. Mr. Mc
Arthur, complaining of feeling weak
and looking intensely pale, spent
the day on the floor of the house,
Oregon Postmasters Appointed.
THE OREGONIAN NEWS BUREAU,
Washington, D. C, Dec. 9. Fourth
class postmasters have been ap
pointed in Oregon as follows: James
P. Leap, Chapman, Columbia county,
and Mrs. Georgia F. Norvel, Tygh
Valley, Wasco county.
For real comfort and health, use
Edlefsen's coal. Bdy. 0070. Adv.
73 Veterans Drawing Cash for
Service In War With Mexico,
WASHINGTON, D. C, Dec. 9.
The Amherican pension system cost
the. public $255,201,662 during the
fiscal year ended last June 30, ac
cording to the annual report of the
commissioner of pensions, sent to
day to President Harding. Of this
amount J253.807.583 was paid out for
pensions, the cost ot maintenance of
the system being U.394,079.
That the number of pensions in
this country is rapidly diminishing
was shown in the statement that
$4,508,259 less was paid in pensions
during the past fiscal year than
during tie previous year; that 25,
082 civil war veterans died, as
against 24,775 for the previous year,
and that 21,259 widows died, as
against 19,451 the year previous.
The number of pensioners on the
rolls June 30, 1922, was 647,016 com
pared with 566,053 on June 30- the
previous year. Of ithese, 193.88,1
were -civil war veterans, 1 272,194
civil war widows, 45,955 veterans of
the Spanish war and 9198 widows of
Spanish war veterans. There were
73 ex-soldlers drawing pensions for
service in the war with Mexico and
49 widows of soldiers of the war of
Changes Are Made.
Several important modifications
of the practice of the pension bureau
were brought about during the year
by departmental decisions. One de
cision held that a person who en
listed in the regular army subse
quent to April 22. 1898, and was dis
charged on or before April 11, 1899,
or who enlisted in the navy or ma
rine corps after May 4, 1898, and was
discharged prior to April 11, 1899,
could be considered a "volunteer."
This holding favorably affected hun
dreds of claims filed by widows and
minors of soldiers of the Spanish
Instructions approved in August
of last year provided a more liberal
system of rating claims of Spanish
war soldiers under the act of June,
The practice originally laid down
under act of May, 1920, made the
$72 rate for helpless civil war vet
erans commence from the date ot
medical examination of pensioners
by a surgeon or a board of surgeons
of the pension bureau. More than
52,000 claims for the $72 rate' have
been allowed and 34,537 were draw
ing that rate monthly on June 30,
3,269,707 Checks Sent Ont.
In the past fiscal year 130,736
pension claims were disposed of and
2,269,767 checks prepared and sent
out. At the close of the year 82,615
a Splendid Gift
for the Home
Changes Wash Pay
into Wash Hour
Rolts easily cleaned
GET through early. Don't be tired out Let The
EDEN do your washing. Does it beautifully
better and far more quickly than- your best efforts ,
over the tubs. .
Eliminates all wear on fabric due to washboard rubbing,
because it washes every piece, from the heaviest blankets to
delicate lingerie, by the gentle dipping method which you have
followed in washing little flimsy things. .
Absolutely sanitary, washes sweet and clean, because all
the dirt released from the soiled wash falls promptly into the
famous Sediment Zone, leaving the washing water dirt free.
There are many other interesting things to know about
The EDEN Electric Washer. , "
Your Own Terms
THE QUALITY STORE fTFf
of Portland. Oregon a
rUTH. MXTM. MOB.ISOM. AkOC ST.
claims under various pension laws
Under th act of May, 1920, pro
viding for the retirement of eivil
service employes, there were 7576
annuitants on the roll, of whom 6667
were retired for age, the remainder
for disability. The retirement law,
with several broadening and liberal
izing arts, has been in operation for
two years, the commissioner de-
clared, and experience " indicates it
needs but few changes.
It was suggested that employes
eligible for retirement at the age
of 70 should have the option of re
tiring at 65; that retention, beyond
65 should be an agreement between
employe and head of his department;
and that no employe should-be. re
tained beyond the age of 70.' Similar
provisions- were 'sufrgested for those
eligible for retirement at 62 and 65
years of age. The present scale of
annuities should be enlarged to pro
vide a somewhat larger annuity for
all classes, the commissioner said,
and particularly for those receiving
less than $30 a month.
For every purpose Edlefsen's have
the right coal. Bdy. 0070. Adv.
Head The Oregonian classified ads.
- i l - i i , ! 1 1 i , 1 1 : i i : 1 1 ; i e 1 1 :
liilMlil!.!!llliillilillllll!lillll!lii'iilitilNitlliilil bV!Nillilitl!;iiliHilll!Hlill!ijil!l'iil!liiiiiW ;liiliiii!ilti!i'ilyiil!!lilililitll!lil!illiill
Alder Street at West Park
THE STORE OF MANY GIFTS
This Famous Toiletware at interesting new
prices. Our Christmas Stock is full of gifts
for every member of the family. Each piece
stamped with the word PYEALIN for your
, Parker's Duofold
FITALL AUTO KIT
The Personal Auto Cleanup Outfit Individual
Towels, Soap, Clothes Brush, Shoe Duster,
NaibFile, Comb and Mirror. .$7.50 to $9.50
Accurate Perpetual Calendar $1.90
Ladies' Beaded Bags
Regular $7.00, special.. .$5.50
Regular $11, special ....,$9.50
Values to $6, special $4.50
One lot Ladies' Hand Bags, assorted
while they last OFF regular price.
Pullman Slippers, a pair,
$2.75, $3.50, $4.50
18-in., Leather Lined, Black or Brown
Regular $18, special $15.50
Regular $15, special $13.50
Regular $12 and $12.50, special. . .$10
Men's Bill Folds
$5.50 Mme. Hendres
Mamma Voice Dolls,
special ...... .$4.49
18-inch Mamma Voice
Doll, special. ,$3.19
$2.50 Mamma Voice
We have a large as
sortment of Baby and
Jointed Dolls at
Rag Dolls at ...50 to $3.00
Rubber Balls, large assortment, priced
at 10 to $1.00
Konstructo Toys for boys Vz Price
Diaries, Note Books
Soft Collar Cases
A Large and Complete Stock of
Ladies' Silk Umbrellas
Our Extra Special $3.95
Roger & Gallet's
L. T. Piver
A late shipment of Buzza Panel Parch
ments and Gift Mottoes, such as "House
by the Side of the Road," "Trees," etc.
New Papeteries Hurd's Lawn Finish
Cards or Paper 1 Quire $1.00
Hurd's Cabinet 1 quire Gilt -Edged
Cards, 1 quire Paper, Envelopes to
Beautiful Tissue, Lined Envelopes at
Gift Box Covered in bright red; con
tains 2 quires Hurd's Linen Paper and
Other Fine Boxed Papers
$1.00'; $2.00, $2.50, $3.00, $4.00,
$5.00 up to $15.00
Miss Sarah Hodnett, representing the Dennison
Company, will gladly instruct you in moulding beau
tiful sealing wax beads so much in vogue; also
crepe paper flowers, costumes, caps, etc., at our new
and complete Dennison Department, downstairs.
Christmas Greeting Cards
Seals, Tags, Tissue, Ribbonzine, Tree Ornaments,
Decorations, Shades, Calendars, Electric Christmas
Tree Lights, Narcissus. Bulbs in Pottery Bowls.
All Leather Purchases
Initialed FREE in Gold.
U. S. Postoffice Station
S. & H. Trading Stamps
Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday
Telephone: Atwater 4700
Store Hours: 8:00 to 6:00
' ' ' : Toasters Heaters 'M
C) make crisP toast riSht on the A gift appreciated by the en- WitffflCTffi
V ilWOTi WA 5S table, two slices at one time. . tire family. . Mi I WWl WWoUlMu
WMB' Irons ' : Coffee Urns 111
vShmsES-. T N3iEtlllifSi An ideal and most appre- Most beautiful designs and IS II I If fi ' If !l tPJ
MIMC' atd gift. very elaborate. lyUU-ALUilJUl WU.ULU
j ' $4.50 to $8.50 - $15.50 to $25.00 j -"' 1
fSf5 Christmas Grills S
vL" A Tree Lights Complete stove, boils, broils, . I
ggj . $2.25 to $3.50 " ' $5rato$S60 ' p
jK3 p j necessrty in illness, a com- JS
LIn1 ' Plain and deed. $5.00 to $12.50 ';
ffiJi,,.. p ' Vacuum Cleaners ' Mr i
mWM Table Lamps A wonderfunabor-ving de- M
. Sewing Machine Motor "
(J ' s any socket. - Operates any sewing Jmjljt iM ' '
ttAfc .: Chafing Dishes HBm Jk