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About The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current | View This Issue
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PORTLAND. OREGON, SUNDAY MORNING. OCTOBER 15, 1922
PRICE FIVE CENTS
VOL. XLI NO. 42
Entered at Portland fOreicon
Poatoffice as Second-c:as Matter.
CUPID PROVES VICTOR
OVER MISCHA ELMAN
CHARGE OF HERESY
FOUGHT BY BISHOP
MAKES NEGRO HAPPY
E BY FLIER
NOTED VIRTUOSO ADMITS HE
IS Tr' v .2 MARRIED.
EPISCOPALIAN . ACCUSED IN
JOB FOUND FOR DRCMMER
OF LIFE GUARD HUSSARS.
CPSETS XEAR TEXINO,
BY LLOYD EE0H6E
Near East Policy Upheld
in Fiery Speech.
MR. PIERCE HEAD
Candidate for Governor
Piles Up Burdens.
FIVE ARE INJURED
IN AUTO BUS WRECK
Ludendorff Waiting for
SENATE RECORD IS PROOF
Extravagance as Legislator
ORGY OF WASTE CHARGED
Standard-Bearer of Democracy
Fathers or Champions All
Measures for Plunder.
An insatiable craving to pile more
and more costs upon the taxpayer is
the distinguishing characteristic of
the legislative career of Walter M.
Pierce, democratic candidate for
Consider the state taxes of 1922.
They aggregate $9,376,289. Of these,
Mr. Pierce is responsible for J1.429,
128 through measures which he him
self Introduced and he specifically
approved of 8, 64,039 more by vot
ing for the measures which saddled
this sum upon the pocketbooks of
His record of tax-creating meas
ures which he personally sponsored,
and his avidity in offering his sup
port in the legislature for money
spending bills is unequaled by any
ether member of the law-making
Record Shows Tax Orgy
Mr. Pierce, now complaining, for
campaign purposes, of the tax bur
den, and promising to cut it in half
which neither he nor any other
man can do has been the most ex
travagant legislator in the state
senate. Through his personal ef
forts, by fathering bills and backing
others with his vote, he has con
tributed more than any other indl
vidual in piling up the present
mountain of taxes.
Salary grabs, mlllage bills, appro
priations, market road ttH the con
tributing factors to 'th6 "tax total
received his hearty aid. Nor did Mr.
Fierce confine his tax-increasing la
bors to the state alone. He man
aged to saddle additional tax bur
dens on the counties. ,
Mr, Pierce Heads Plunderers.
Viewed in the cold light of the
history of legislative sessions in
which he participated, wherein is
set down the work of the members,
the course pursued by Mr. Fierce is
one of unparalleled desire to in
crease expenses for the property
owners to pay. As page after page
of state senate proceedings are
studied it becomes more apparent
that as a voter of taxes and creator
of new levies on the pocketbook, Mr.
Pierce has no rival. In vain is there
anything disclosed wherein Mr.
Fierce undertook to bring about a
reduction, to apply the brakes or
have mercy on the taxpayer.
In four sessions he has been a
member and voted for 61 measures
alike designed to increase taxes by
raising salaries or creating new sal
aried offices. These bills affect 185
individual offices, yet Mr. Pierce la
ments that the cost of county gov
ernment is too high!
Jiot Always Successful.
Fortunately for the people of Ore
gon, Mr. Pierce was not always suc
cessful. For example, in the 1917
session he introduced measures
which, if enacted into law, would
have made the 1918 taxes $1,400,000
more than they were.
One of Mr. Pierce's little forays
against the public was his attempt
to increase the 4 -mill road tax to
1M mills, which would have forced
taxpayers to dig up an extra
Also be tried to have raised
$400,000 for a new penitentiary
building. By reorganization of the
penal institution the Olcott admln
jConcInded on Page 9. Column 8.) I
Mrs. Westwood, on AVay Korth
After Visit Here, Hurt Se
rlonsly, Is Report.-
CENTRALIA, Wash., Oct. 14.
(Special.) Five persons were in
jured, one possibly fatally, when a
Portland-Seattle auto stage, oper
ated by the Interstate Motor Transit
company, was wrecked this after
noon on the Pacific highway, two
miles south of Tenino.
Four of the injured were brought
to a Centralia hospital. They were
Alfred Anderson, negro, Seattle;
Mr. and Mrs. William Breisted, Seat
tle, and J. H. Wolfe, also of Seat
tle. The most seriously injured, it
was said, is Mrs. Bertha West
wood, residing in the east, who
was on her way to Seattle, follow
ing a visit with her daughter, Mrs.
P. Vonvatta, 511 East Third street,
Portland. She was badly cut about
the head and face and was taken
to a Tenino hospital.
M. Yahne of Seattle, driver of
the stage, which was northbound,
said the accident was caused by hjs
car hitting a stone in the road.
which threw" the machine from the
pavement into loose gravel. It
skidded and overturned. The car
Other passengers in the stage were
Mrs. Yahne, wife of the driver; Mrs.
Thelma Cherry, Seattle; Hazel West,
connected with the Y. W. C. A. in
Seattle; Frank R. West, Oakland,
Cal., and Frank Candler of Pine
hurst. STEAMER ON FINAL RUN
La Lorraine Finishing Service as
NEW YORK. Oct. 14. La Lorraine,
"twin-screw beauty of the Atlantic"
in her firt years of service, after
22 years of service as a passenger
ship between Havre and New York,
sailed home today on her last
During the war she was armed
and used as an auxiliary cruiser,
taking part in the Dardanelles expe
dition and afterward serving as an
army transport, taking soldiers
from the United States to France.
One of the memorable groups of
passengers carried during her ocean
career was the French delegation
brought here in 1917, which included
TROOP RECALL POSSIBLE
Intimation Given Men May Be
Withdrawn From Rhine.
WASHINGTON. D. C. Oct. 14.
(By the Associated press.) There
were intimations today in govern
ment circles that a project for com
plete withdrawal of American troops
from the Rhine was again under
consideration, but no decision was
expected for several days. No au
thorized statement as to the reasons
prompting renewed discussion of the
subject at this time was available,
nor would any responsible official
forecast what course would be
The United States now has about
1000 officers and men in the occu
pied area. '
NEW EXCHANGE TO RISE
Cornerstone Laid for New York
Cotton Market Building.
NEW YORK, Oct. 14. The corner
stone of the future home of the New
York Cotton exchange, on the site of
the famous old Exchange building
at William and Beaver streets, was
laid today by President George M.
Shutt, who used a silver trowel, the
gift of the exchange employes.
The new building will be 25
FRANCE FREES TEUTONS
Only Five of Thousands of Pris
oners Remain in Jail.
PARIS. Oct. 14. Five German
p'risoners are all that remain in
French jails of the several hundred
thousand taken by French' troopis
during the war.
President Millerand has granted
full pardon to 21 of the 26 convicted
-jf crimes against the common law.
CfV ftt-OMS .
BRITAIN'S FALL PREDICTED
Greed Said to Have Caused
U. S. Action in War.
JEW BANKERS BLAMED
Hebrews Declared at Bottom of
All Trouble in World at
PERTINENT POINTS IN LU
"Let America mind its own
"You you fought for gold!
Tell them that if you like!"
They are the worst of the lot."
"Germany has been abom
inably treated, but there will
come a day of reckoning."
"The British Empire is
doomed and will be the next
to go. And it will not recover
as Germany is going to "
"And the Jews? they are at
the bottom of all the trouble
in the world today."
BY FERDINAND TUOHY.
' Vfll-known writer and correspondent,
member of the editorial staff of the
Paris bureau of tbe New York World.
MUNICH, Sept. 21. (Special.) It
occurred to me as I crossed the
Rhine that there were two ways of
judging Germany and the Germans.
One could either study industrial,
social and political conditions In the
fatherland, tempering the inquiry
with references to restaurant prices
and to the carefree, surface life, and
arrive at a paradox complete and
befogging,' or one. could, fasten on to
one dominant element or manifesta
tion in the life of the German state
and follow it up in the hope of a
starshell effect upon the remaining
German scene. Decision to prose
cute the latter - course was what
brought me . to the gate of General
Ludendorff s villa outside this. city.
What was the strength of the old
brigade, and what did they think of
things today? surely if one could
get that fair and square much else
might be clarified. -
Interview Hard to Get, '
However, it wa no easy matter
getting near Excellenz Erich von
Ludendorff, erstwhile Capablanca of
mighty legions and beaten brain of
the war. He is a marked man "the
one to go in return for Rathenau"
you will hear it said, and so devious
introductory paths have to be fol
lowed ere one is fortunate enough to
debouch at the charming Villa Lu
dendorff in the suburb of Wilhelms
hohe. ' More than one prominent Bavarian
to whom I applied for an introduc
tion replied that Ludendorff re
ceived none save intimate friends;
others professed to be but vaguely
cognizant of the ex-quartemaster-general'e
presence in their midst.
One detected a very clean "Luden
dorff atmosphere," however, in and
around Munich. At mention of Lu
dendorff's name officials, waiters,
shop people, taxi drivers invariably
pricked up their ears, then catching
my foreign, accent were mum. There
seemed to be almost a common and
tacit society in existence for the
protection of Ludendorff.
Excuses Are Offered.
Excuse after excuse was forth
coming for not giving me a intro
duction, the facts being that Luden
dorff doesn't encourage visitors of
any kind, because publicity is dis
tinctly not the breath of life to a
covert movement based on mining
(Concluded on Page 4, Column 3.)
CARTOONIST PERRY GIVES
OO 5rVCs - BUT CAfYBE
Man y for Many Years Held
A ' From Femininity En-
ged to Mildred Stone.
' (By Chicago Tribune Leased Wire.)
, NEW YORK, Oct. 14. Mischa
Elman, world-famous virtuoso, who
for many years has held himself
aloof from femininity, has fallen at
last. He admitted it today at the
Hotel Ansonia, and added that his
fiancee is Mildred Stone, sister-in-law
of Kudolf Polk, the violinist.
"Misa Stone," he said, "is an Amer
ican girl, but please don't ask me
where she lives, because I want to
protect her from publicity. Yes,
she's in New York at present."
The artist met Miss Stone a year
ago at Lake Placid.
His engagement recalls his re
marks pertinent to women made
"I admit." he said at the time,
"that the modern woman, with her
cigarettes and her flasks, is dis
tasteful to me."
As even up to last month Elman
stoutly maintained his Indifference
to women, .the announcement of his
engagement aroused a storm of
comment in musical circles.
POSTS TO BE INSPECTED
Major-General Morton. Plans to
Tour Ninth Corps Area.
SAN FRANCISCO, Oct. 14. Major
General Charles G. Morton, com
manding the ninth corps area, will
make a three weeks', tour of inspec
tion of posts and reserve officers'
training corps units in the area in
the near future, it was announced
from his headquarters today. Gen
eral Morton plans to call on the gov
ernors and adjutants-general of the
Among the training .corps units to
be visited are those at the Univer
sity of Oregon, Oregon Agricultural
College, University of Washington
and University of Montana. Army
posts to be visited include Van
couver barracks, the coast defenses
of, the Columbia river. Camp Lewis,
the coast defenses of'Puget sound
and Fort I George Wright, near
THREE SENTENCES FACED
California Man II is Long Term
Ahead, but Isn't Worrying;.
SAN FRANCISCO, Oct. 14. John
O'Keefe. 22, was given the drfcbt
ful distinction today of being the
only man in the state with three life
sentences standing against him.
O'Keefe was quietly serving one of
the terms in San Quentin prison
after conviction on a charge of rob
bery when he was brought over to
this city today to have two more
like terms assessed against him on
There was nothing in the record
to show that the sentences are to
run concurrently, but O'Keefe said
he was not worrying about that.
INDIAN FIGHTER SUICIDE
Judge Edward Flannery, 7 5,
Ends Life in Idaho Town.
POCATELLO, Idaho, Oct. T4.
Judge Edward Flannery, 75 years
old, Indian fighter in the early days
of New Mexico, Arizona and the
Dakotas, committed suicide yester
day at Clarendon Hot Springs,
Idaho, by shooting himself in the
mouth with a pistol.
Judge Flannery was born in New
York and was said to have been
as a young man secretary to Samuel
FLIGHT RECORD CLAIMED
Berlin-to-Moscow Non-Stop Run
BERLIN, Oct. 14. The govern
ment commission controling the
aerial mail service has recognized
as a world distance record for a
nor.ftop flight the Berlin-to-Moscow
run made by Pilot Gotte on July 30.
The distance covered is calculated
at 1180 miles and was made in 10
nours and 40 minutes, an average
speed of approximately 110 miles an
HIS IMPRESSIONS PICTORIALLY OF SOME RECENT NEWS HAPPENINGS.
Letters to Other Prelates Asking
, for Hearing Published
In New York.
NEW YORK, Oct. 14. Bishop
William Montgomery Brown, for
merly bishop of Arkansas, who was
charged with heresy before the re
cent Episcopal general convention in
Portland, Or., made public today a
series of letters written by him- to
other bishops indicating that he will
not resign from the Episcopal house
of bishops and will enter a vigorous
defense if tried for heresy.
The charge against Bishop Brown
grew out of statements in his
pamphlet "Communism and Chris
tianity," wherein he did not accept
a literal Interpretation of the bibli
cal story of creation.
The letters made public by him
tqday represented him as offering
three alternatives to the other
bishops. He asked for an examina
tion as to his sanity by a board of
physicians, or a trial for heresy, or
dropping of the charge of heresy
In a letter dated October 13, ad
dressed to Bishop William T. Man
ning of New York, Bishop Brown
"There probably is not, among ed
ucated people, one in a thousand
who literally accepts the basio rep
resentations of Mosaism concerning
the creation of man, or of Paullsm
concerning his redemption."
Bishop Brown in other letters also
set forth points he will make if
brought to trial.
AUT0ISTS DRIVE IN SURF
Machine Abandoned but Recov
ered by Coast Guard.
HOQUIAM, Wash., Oct. 14. (Spe
cial.) "They took their auto down
the beach and tried to make a boat
out of her, but the doggone thing
wouldn't float." Such was the way
the coast guard station folk at West
port yesterday described an accl
dent on the beach at 2:0 Thursday
morning, in which the "Six Melody
Men," an orchestra from Portland,
and their auto became involved.
The surf caught the machine in
mid career and the occupants were
forced to abandon it.
The coast guard crew spent the
better part of Thursday recovering
it and when they had completed the
job the car looked like a ship
ABBOTT VISITS PONTIFF
Head of Mount Angel College Has
Audience With Pope.
MOUNT ANGEL COLLEGE, St.
Benedict, Or., Oct. 14. (Special,)
The Very Rev. Abbott Bernard
Murphy, O. S. B., returned to Mount
Angel college Tuesday night from
an extended visit abroad.
Abbott Murphy left in the early
summer from Portland for Omaha,
Neb. From Omaha he went to Con
ception abbey. Missouri, where he
attended the consecration of Abbott
Phillip. From there he left for St.
Vincent's abbey, Beatty, Pa.
Abroad he visited England,- Ger
many, where he saw the Passion
Play at Oberammergau, in Bavaria,
Switzerland and Rome, where he
had an audience with the pope.
INTEREST PAID ON SILVER
Federal Reserve Bank Receives
$915,000 From Britain.
WASHINGTON. D. C, Oct. 14.
Payment of $915,uu0 by Great Brit
ain as interest on the debt incurred
for the purchase of silver from this
country during the war was re
ported to the treasury today by the
federal reserve bank of New York.
The British debt for silver pur
chased under the Plttman act
amounted to $122,000,000 and under,
the arrangements made for its
liquidation, 161.000,000 of principal
already has been paid.
DEATH COMESBY PHONE
Carman Is Electrocuted When He
OLE AN, N. Y., Oct. 14. Leon T.
Good, a streetcar conductor, was
electrocuted today when he lifted
the receiver from a telephone.
It is believed a high-tension wire
fell across the telephone line.
Record Set in Lap of 50
RACE SECOND PLACE WON
Victor on 156-Mile Course
Does 206-Mile Clip.
MANY RECORDS BROKEN
Llcntenant 'Manghan Is Haunted
by Fears For Condition of
Wife During Contest.
MOUNT CLEMENS, Mich, Oct. 14
(By the Associated Press.) Un
conscious at times, due to the ter
rifle speed at which he rushed
through the heavens, and during his
conscious moments haunted by fears
for the condition of his wife, who
momentarily expects to become
mother. Lieutenant R. L. Maughan,
an army aviator flying an army
Curtlss high-speed pursuit plane.
won the Pulitzer trophy aerial race
here today. He traveled the 15
mile course at an average speed of
206 miles an hour.
The race, run In three flights and
replete with sensational achieve
ments on the part of the entrants
that promise to become aerial tra
dition, resulted In the smashing of
world records, both official and un
official, for SO, 100 and 200-kilome
Lieutenant Maitland Second.
Lieutenant L. J. Maitland, piloting
a sister ship to that of Maughan.
was second in the Pulitzer competi
tion, but his honors in that respect
were overshadowed by the terrific
speed he attained on one lap of SO
kilometers. He covered tbe dis
tance at the rate of 2K.1 miles an
hour faster than anyone ever flew
in a race.
For the 100-kilometer course dur
ing the race he averaged 207.1 miles
an hour, another world record.
Maughan's plane Is 'the one that
made a world's record of 220 miles
over a one-kilometer course at Gar
den City, Long Island, recently.
Seven fliers, two of them United
States navy entries, the remainder
representatives of the army, shat
tered the world's record for 200 kilo
meters or more when they exceeded
178.7 miles an hour, the mark estab
lished September 24 in Franca by
Mssksss's Speed Is Best.
Lieutenant Maughan had the best
speed for the distance, a rate of 20
miles an hour, his average speed
for the entire 156-mile course.
Lieutenant S. J. Brow, in a Cur
tlss navy racer, won third place in
the Pulitzer competition, going the
180 miles at an' average speed of
193:2 miles an hour. Maitland's
speed for the entire course was at
the rate of 203 miles an hour.
The race was unmarred by serious
accident. One plane, the navy
'Mystery Ship," piloted by Lieuten
ant L. H. Sanderson of the marine
corps, was forced out of the race
during the fourth lap by engine
trouble. Sanderson plunged with
his plane into Lake' St. Clair, over
which part of the course extended.
but escaped unhurt.
Wins Torn Off Plane.
Captain St. Clair Street landed
his Verville-Sperry between two
trees a mile from Selfrldge field.
He was not hurt but a wing was
torn off the plane.
When he brought hia plane to
earth. Lieut. Maughan was so ex
hausted that he leaned against the
ship for several minutes until he
revived. Major-General Mason M.
Patrick, chief of the army air serv
ice Rear Admiral W. A. Moffet,
chief of the naval bureau of aero
nautics, and Edwin Denby, secre
tary of the navy, rushed to him.
Major-General Patrick patted the
tConcluded on Page 2, Column 1)
Ccrrett. W-ay SAe
i $ I
Old Favorite of Former Emperor
to Grace Portals of Adlon,
Berlin's Smart Hostelry.
POTSDAM. Germany, Oct 14 Ex
L'mperor William has already begun
to bestow his wedding favors.
One of th overjoyed beneficiaries
la Sambo, a South African negro,
who was a favorite of the emperor
in the old days when he was a
drummer In the regimental band of
the famous Life Guard Huasara,
Since the demobilisation of the
army Sambo has been out of a job.
When the former emperor beard of
it, ha began making Inquiries among
hia friends in Berlin. The result
wma that Sambo will now grace Un
ter den Linden In a baby blue uni
form. The Hotel Adlon. Berlin's
smart hostelry, has engaged him as
a taxi call man. He Is a linguist and
speaka German fluently.
SLAYERS ARE SENTENCED
Germans Who Murdered Minister
Rathenau Go to Prison. .
LEIPSIC, Germany. Oct. 14. By
the Associated Press.) Sentence up
to IS years' penal servitude were
Imposed today on the men who have
been on trial In the political court
on the charge of complicity In the
murder of Walter Rathenau. late
foreign minister. Ernst Techow,
mho drove the murderer's motor car,
received the maximum penalty,
while his brother. Hans Techow, was
sentenced to four years as an ac
cessory. William Guenther was sentenced
to eight years for complicity in the
murder and Karl Tlllessen to three
years for "transgression of public
The other 'defendants were sen.
tenced variously to from two months
'.o five years' penal servitude.
TYPHUS RAGES IN C0REA
200 Japanese Reported to Have
Died of Disease.
Tiivin Oct. 14. (Bv the Asso
ciated Tress. An epldemlo of
(vnhti, fa dncimatlnor the native
population of Plngyang, Cores, ac-
coramg to aavices received ocn vj
the J1JI, a Japanese dally newspa
The advices add that 1000 Jap
:mpi have been attacked bv the dis
ease and that 280 have died. Busi
ness throughout tne wool district
SUBS TOURCHINA COAST
Elaborate Entertainment Plans
Made for Americans.
HONGKONG, Oct. 14. (By the As
sociated Press.) The U. S. 8. Bit
tern, belonging to the mine detach
ment of the American Astatic fleet,
with 10 American submarines ar
rived here today on a cruise of the
Elaborate official and private pro
grammes or entertainment have
ADMIRAL SIMS RETIRES
4 3 Vears' Service as Head of
Naval College Ended.
NEWPORT. R. I., Oct. 14. Rear-
Admiral William Sowden Sims, pres
ident of the naval college, who ha
completed 43 years continuous serv
ice, read before the college today
his orders placing him on the re
tired list tomorrow because he has
reached the age limit.
Rear-Admiral C & -Williams will
succeed Admiral Sims as president.
FIUME FACTIONS CLASH
City Reported Again to Be Scene
LONDON. Oct. 14. (By the Asso
ciated Press.) Fighting has broken
out between the d'Annunxlo legion
naires and the Zanella forces In
Flume, says a Rome message to the
Central News today.
Ancona messages ssy that Italian
destroyers have been dispatched to
prevent the departure of fascist!
forces from Zare for Flume..
FUTURE COURSE IN DOUBT
Premier Leaves Self Free
to Follow Any Plan.
3 POSSIBILITIES FACED
Resignation. General Elect Ion
Sitting- Tight Are Alternatives.
Country Not Enlightened.
MANCHESTER. England. VL 1.
(By the Associated Preoa ) Pre
mier Lloyd Oeorge dwait with
eria which near etrn evenxe
hare forced trpon the government la
a charectartat 1 a and powerful swH
Mi la afternoon In the city of tile
birth. While he apoke aa liberal to
liberal and chose a city remote from
the capital for atagln hta oration,
according to the loner euetotn of
British statesmen, ha waa not rpeek
Ing prmarl)y to Manchester, but ts
Great Britain and the empire.
The prime minister's pe-h we
e-vldently more carefully prepared
than la usual with him. it wee prln-
clpally a defenae of the govern
ment's poHcr. but It waa tha sort
of defense Mr. Lloyd Oeorge llkM,
because It crave him piwiiy of op
portunity fir his favwHe atrateerr
of "offensive defenee wilh with
him means deal I net hard blow at bta
crttlra and going Into praon!ttle
so sharply that they shock the old
fashioned conventional eta4men.
Look lato fataro Awaited.
What rha country awaited iwl
curiously via Information about the
future. It wanted to know which of
the vartooe policies open before the
prima minister resignation, a r
oral election or anting tlrht he
plana to follow. But no light was
thrown upon that point, lie Wl
himself tree to take whatever di
rection events may dictate. He de
clared that no one could weloroe hta
retire-met, t more than hlraeelf, but
followed this with the d re me tie
"I cast myself upon the people,
because I have never betrayed
The ball rang with approving
shouts, and ha added that ha would
support loyally any alternative gov
ernment that would work for the
best Interests of the nation.
All At-.eepW.cre Krilr.
A Lloyd George speech ef the sort
which has coma to be known aa his
"back to tbe wall" Is seldom a mere
speech; It Is generally a thrilling
entertainment. Today's was no ex
ception; all the atmosphere wsa
friendly and congenial; the email
audience la the dining room of the
Reform dub responded swiftly l
Before the premier rose a small
pulplt-like structure waa placed oa
the table in front of him, and oa
this ha spread a stack of notes. But
ones oa bis feet he aeldom bothered
with these, so bis sentences had all
the affect of spontaneity. Consid
erably stouter than when ba took
control of the government seven
years ago, and bair much whiter,
the Welsh statesman's manner
seems to have growa more sarloue
with yeara of responsibility; bat all
the old ftra was there.
Lord Claaeteae Rldlealea.
In tha hall where Oladstona had
often spoken ba poured ridicule oa
the great commoner's ton. Lord
Gladstone, who Is one of the leadera
of the liberal revolt against tha
coalition. "I know tha difficulty ef
any man without adequate gifts
who haa to carry throuch life a
great name. Ha has actually ex
communicated us from tha liberal
party. Well, the papacy Is not a
hereditary office. What serried baa
" (i;nociud-d on X'aes 4, ( o-uml 1.1
l bmT r -