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About The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current | View Entire Issue (Oct. 8, 1922)
THE SUNDAY OREGONIAX, PORTLAND, OCTOBER 8, 1923
30-10 SCHOOL PUR
UPTO VOTERS SOON
Proponents of Measure Are
EXTRAVAGANCE IS SEEN
Taxpayers AVarn-Against Tax Rise
and Educators Assert Pro
posed System Not Needed.-
PUGET SOUND BUREAU, Seattl.
Wash., Oct. 7. The 30-10 plan of
raising and distributing: money for
(school purposes will come before the
voters of Washington in the election
of November 7 as initiatrve measure
No. 46. Since the time when that
privilege was first conferred upon
them the voters of this state have
wrestled with numerous measures
proposed by means of the initiative.
They hav adopted but one the law
that put "Washington in the dry col
umn before Mr. Volstead came on
the scene. Other initiated measures
may have had merH, but the merits
were not understood or appreciated.
The g-eneral tendency as to both
-initiated and referred measures has
been- to vote "No." Washington vot
ers have shown an almost uncanny
instinct to reject proposals which
they did not understand.
30-10 Plan Widely Known.
The 30-10 plan "for providing a
current state school fund," as its
ballot title runs, presents a case
running- contrary to precedent.
There is no excuse for lack of understanding-
as -to what this measure
meane; that is to say, there is no
excuse if the voters care to read or
to listen to the ample argument on
fcither side of the Question. Not
ince the day when fi-tate prohibi
tion was at issue has so much been
offered in positive support and in
equally positive opposition to pro
posed state law. H is as true of
this as of many previous proposals,
that the great majority of voters
will not take the trouble to find out
exactly what is involved in adoption
or rejection. But that is the fault
of the great majority of voters, and
not of the proponents or opponents
of the law. Those who are active
on either Bide are doing their best
to flood the situation with light.
Mentture's Purpose Told.
The 30-10 measure proposes that
the state shall raise by taxation the
cum of $30 a year for every child
of school age in the state and that
the school district shall raise by
district taxation $10 for every child
resident within each district. The
money thus raised is to be spent
wholly on the educational machin
ery, on the daily processes of teach
ing and learning. None of it goes to
the achool plant. One-half of the
total fund is to be apportioned to
the counties, on the basis of school
attendance; the other half is to be
apportioned on "the basis of the
number of teachers employed. . The
fund is to be created in the ratio
of 30 to 10; it is to be expended in
the ratio of 50 to CO one-half to
the school children and one-half to
the school teachers.
Most Points In Dispute.
There are a few points involved
tn initiative No. 46 which are not
subject to dispute:
The basis of the proposed tax levy
is not school attendance. The law
proposes that the state tax . shall
"equal $30 for each child of school
age resid'ng within the state," and
school age is fixed from 4 to 21
It is admitted that this age scope
. covers thousands of Infants who
haven't started going to school and
young persons who are out of school
It is admitted that there are
the statt in round numbers, 375,000
children between the ages of 4
The present ratio of school taxa
tion per child between these ages
is $20 by the state and $10 by the
It must, therefore, be admitted
that the increase of the state's
levy from $20 to $30 means an in
crease of $10 per child, or a total
increase in state school taxes of
$3,150,000 a year.
Increase DIscuHition Avoided.
The argument in favor of the
30-10 measures, as presented through
the newspapers and as appended to
the text of the measure in the offi
cial pamphlet issued to voters by
the secretary of state, very obviously
avoids direct discussion of this con
siderable increase in taxation anJ
stresses the needs of what are
called "the poorer school districts.
The official argument inserted in
the secretary of state's pamphlet
declares that "the problem is to
give to every child in Washington,
regardless of the accident of birtn
in a rich or poor school district,
his American" birthrighf an equal
chance in the public schools. Chil
dren who live in poor communities
are denied the educational opportu
nities aforded children who live in
In this argument the remedy is
said to be to "collect the money for
school support wherever wealth is
within the state; then distribute
this money where children are." In
view of the proposed law's provision
that the school money shall be dis-'
tributed, one-half on the children in
school attendance and one-half on
the number of teachers employed,
the of ficial .argument evidently pre
supposes that where the children
are there the teachers will be also.
Aid to Remote Schooolo, Plan.
The whole argument in favor of
the measure is based on an appre
ciation of the educational needs of
remote and thinly populated dis
tricts of the state. Instances are
cited of districts .which, having
taxed themselves to the Tegal limit,
still find themselves unable to pro
vide convenient schools for the
children of scattered families. The
inference is that adoption of initia
tive No. 46 would pool the financial
resources of the state and of all
school districts and put schools and
teachers within handy distance of
every home in the state.
Opponents of the measure meet
this argument by citing the fact
that of the 2600 school districts in
the state Ies than 3 per cent are
in need of relief or can be classed
as "poorer districts." They say
that every advantage now enjoyed
by the so-called richer districts can
be extended to these poorer districts
at an annual cost of less than $500,
000. which can be made available
under the existing system of school
taxation. Dr. S. B. L. Penrose.
, president of Whitman college, one
of the leaders of the opposition, has
estimated that ail these advantages
can be conferred on the poorer dis
tricts within $350,000 a year. Holding-
to such views of the cost of all
necessary relief.- the opponents of
the bill naturally question the ex
pediency of increasing state taxes
by so huge a total as $3,750,000.
The support of initiative No. 46 is
well andThoroughly organized and
financed. The movement, from its
inception. has been under the
shrewd direction of a committee of
teachers . headed by Ralph W.
Swetman of Seattle. Sponsorship
has been assumed by the Washing
ton State Parent-Teachers asso
ciation and the Washington Edu
cation association, the latter an ex
clusive teachers' organization. The
measure 'has been indorsed by the
State League of Woman Voters, the
State Federation of Women's Clubs
and the State Federation of Labor.
The supporting argument is keyed
to the general plea that nothing is
too good for the schools. It is sen
timental in the same sense that
every argument advanced in con
nection with the schools is senti
mental, whether it be for higher
teachers pay or for a bond issue
for a new school building.
Taxpayer Oppose Flan.
The opposition, much less closely
organized, consists at large of all
the taxpayers' organizations and
commercial bodies of the state
which are striving: for reduced gov
ernmental costs and lower taxes.
Dr. Penrose and Mrs. Josephine
Corliss Preston, state superintend
ent of public instruction, are among
the leading educators opposed to
the measure. The taxpaying and
commercial organizations warn
against the proposed increase in
taxation; the educators condemn
the measure as both - extravagant
In addition to this opposition there
is one other great difficulty in the
way of the promoters of the so-io
plan. This is the difficulty of con
vincing the voters that an educa
tional emergency exists in this state.
Washington is rated rather high
among the states of the union in
educational facilities and in the very
slight proportion of illiteracy. This
rating stood even before the state's
proportion of school taxes was
doubled two years ago. That any
sudden occasion should have . arisen
since 1920 for another tax increase,
amounting to 50 per cent or $3,750,
000 a year, is not easy for voters
to believe, even under the sway of
impulse to do everything that ought
to be done for the schools.
I OREGOil HISTORY
Study State's Progress Is
Advice to Teachers. .
CHILD INTEREST GROWS
Pamphlet Dealing With Early
Days in Northwest Issued
S FIGHT FIRES
SERMONS TO DEAL WITH PRE
Week,of Propaganda to Be Kept
Up Throughout 7 -Day Pe
riod All Over City.
Fire prevention weele in Portland
will open today with sermons based
on tie subject in many of the
churches. For the remainder of the
week , fire prevention -will be the
principal topic, and every citizen
will be urged to lend an effort to
wards continuing Portland's estab
lished record, the best of any city on
the Pacific slope.
Of principal importance tomorrow
night will be an entertainment at
the public auditorium, with excel
lent musical features, some short
addresses, a playlet which will show
the Portland fire department in ac
tion, and the presentation of the
Thomas H. L. Ince cup to the Port
land fire department by Jay Stevens,
who is in charge of the fire preven
tion bureau of the national under
writers' bureau. Portland won this
cup for having the best fire preven
tion record on the Pacific slope dur
ing the last year. -.
School children will participate in
the campaign. Each child attending
school will get a questionnaire to be
taken home and filled out. This
form will deal with conditions in the
home and past experience has
proved that many fire hazards have
been removed through the work of
SIGNAL SYSTEM BLAMED
Railway Inspector Reports on Re
cent Spokane Wreck.
SPOKANE, Wash., Oct. 7. The
system whereby a switch engine
was on the main line of the Northern
Pacific track at Tardley. near here,
on the night of September 7 last,
when through passenger train No.
41 collided with it and was wrecked
with a loss of six lives of company
employes, is blamed in a report of
state investigators received from
The report, filed by C. F. Merry,
railway inspector for the depart
ment of labor and industries, holds
also that the signal system on the
main line at Yardley was not as
effective as it should be.
SALEM, Or., Oct. 7. (Special.)
Teecn the history of Oregon rather
than lead the child through a hoary
remoteness to otrange and national
fields, was the advice given by J. A.
Churchill, state superintendent of
public instruction, in a. pamphlet
issued here recently for the guid
ance of instructors in ail the schools
oi the state.
Oregon's history, as pictured by
I Mr. Churchill, is one of the most in-
tere-stmg and instructive courses
now offered in the public schools,
and should provide a comprehensive
field of study for the boy or girl
whu would know Oregon first.
"A, long time ago somebody did
something grand and courageous
somewhere else," reads the leading
article in the pamphlet contributed
by Miss LI HI Schmidli of Franklin
high school. Portland. "This is the
interpretation that many of our
boys and girls make of American
history. ' The very word history
suggests to them a hoary remote
ness that puts the subject, once and
for all, beyond the grasp of famil
iarity. " Oregon History Intereatine.
"One reason for this is that chil
dren are carried afar for their first
history experience, to glean in
strange, distant national fields in
stead of being directed from thetr
family doorsteps to the bountiful
home harvest of local history.
"The Oregon story is a wonderful
story. During the early years of
our national life Indian tales of a
rich western land bordering on the
Pacific ocean, rumors of a mighty
river of the west rolling through
continuous woods to the sea, stirred
the imagination of settlers east of
the Mississippi. In poetry and in
anecdote they called the region Ore
gon. Then a Yankee captain dared
to steer his brig Columbia over the
bar -and give the United States a
clcim to the country drained by the
mighty river. President Jefferson,
a pioneer at heart, sent out Lie wis
and Clark to blaze the way west
ward by land. Trappers and traders
came, and white settlers followed
close strong, stout-hearted men
and self-sacrificing women.
Long Trail Recalled.
t'Three thousand miles they trav
eled through the wilderness for the
privilege of carving out new homes
in the far west. Graves mark their
trail. Only did they arrive in Ore
gor when an unfriendly fur com
pany: and hostile .Indians began to
contest their right to call this coun
try 'home.' But they persevered in
the struggle against foe and forest,
and after years of discouragement j
ana sacrifice they won. Under the;
'Boston man s resolute hand the
trapper's lodge and the Indian's
hunting ground gave way to the
home right of the pioneer settler. A
final bloodless contest with Eng
land, a terrible Indian massacre and
O'JV Oregon became definitely a part
of the United States.
"The above is indeed a fragmen
tary sketch of the story that every
boy and girl in Oregon has a right
to know in full. As our state in
creases in population and prestige
it becomes more and more the re
sponsibility of teachers to make
Oregon history a part of the expe
rience of the children of the state
"Prepare yourself to tell the story
to the class in units; what people
knew of the .far west when Wash
ington became president; how the
Columbia river was discovered and
named; how Lewis and Clark opened
a way westward by land; how Fort
Astoria was started; how Dr. Mc
Loughlin ruled tat Fort Vancouver,
Relic Hun'lnff Advised,
"Stop here and there in the tell
ing of each unit to ask Questions
calling for thought or conjecture.
Let individual pupils contribute
points from their Oregon reading
outside of class. Collect pictures
and relics for the school exhibit.
After the presentation of each unit
take time for reviewing and pigeon
holing the most important points,
and when the whole story has be
come class property celebrate the
occasion with an Oregon pro
gramme. - '
"In the seventh and eighth grades
pupils may be assigned topics from
the syllabus for independent prepa
ration. Groups can work together
on the larger divisions of subject
matter, bringing the results of their
investigations to the recitation.
Eighth-grade pupils may also be in
terested in preparing biographical
sketches of Oregon leaders for telling-
in the intermediate grades. The
civics class may dramatize th
meeting at Champoeg. Reminis
cences should be collected from the
pioneers of the community. These
are but a few suggestions as to
what may be done to make the work
varied and profitable.
Several Week Needed.
In the high school United States
history class Oregon history should
receive several weeks' time each
term. The Oregon syllabus will be
found a valuable aid in furnishing
direct information in lieu of a text
bock and in pointing out source ma
terial. In addition to the suggested
reading, students should be led In
a historical survey of their local
community. The importance of con
serving the records of pioneer life
can thus be brought home to them.
Interest can be focused especially
on old letters, newspapers, photo
"Aside from giving a chance for
action and providing topics of con
versation in the family and com
munity, such work provides ele
mentary training in method of re
search, and often adds valuable ma
terial to present historical collec
tions. The aim throughout is to
impress young people with the rich
ness of their own state in its his
torical background. Earnest, sin
cere study of the effort made by
the men and women who set them
selves the task of carving American
homes In the Pacific northwest can
not fail to have an ennobling influ
ence on the sons and daughters
whose responsibility it is to carry
on the Oregon story."
In order that Oregon history may
ba made one of the leading courses
in the Oregon schools, the state
library, under the direction of Miss
Cornelia Marvin, is co-operating.
The latest and best works on Ore
gon are being sought, which, added
to the present collection of books
on this subject, will, provide, a
wealth of information for the youth.
CITY OFFICIALS RESIGN
Two on l?i Grande Commission
Quit Places; One Is Elected.
LA GRANDE, Oct. 7. (Special.)
At the reeular meeting: of the La
Grande city commission this week
nearly the entire personnel of the
city's governing: body was changed.
W. D. Grandy, chairman, took the
chair and David I. Etodtiard, com
missioner, resigned, having: moved to
Wallowa recently. Immediately following-
the acceptance of Mr. Stod
dard's resignation. Dr. H. S. Brown
ton was elected to serve his unex
Chairman Grandy. then turned
over the chair to Commissioner
Williams and tendered his resigna
tion, which was recultantly ac
cepted. No one was appointed to
?U1 his place.
Yosemlte Attendance Largest.
YOSEMITE, Cal., Oct. 7. Yosemlte
has won again, according to local
authorities, in the annual race be
tween the national parks for the
greatest attendance. This year Yo
semlte entertained more than 100,000
visitors, while Yellowstone park re
ported a total of 98,000. Some day
osemite hopes to entertain 200,000.
possibly 300,000, people each year
This will be when an all-year motor
highway into the park Is completed.
Rose City Sailor Dies.
ASTORIA, Or., Oct. 7. (Special.)
A wireless message received this
afternoon from Captain Magenn,
master of the steamer Rose City, due
here tomorrow from San Francisco,
stated that Alex Peterson, an able
seaman on the craft, dropped dead
from heart disease today. Captain
Magenn said the man's home was
believed to be in Astoria.
Engineering School to Open.
SALEM, Or., Oct. 7. (Special.)
The state school of automotive en
gineering, operated in connection
with the Sm!t,h-Hughes act, will
open here Monday, it was announced
tonight. The Instructors are gradu
ates of Oregon Agricultural college.
The cost of the course is 1100, half
of which will be paid by the state.
Phone your want ads to The Ore
gonian. All its- readers are. inter
ested in the classified columns.
TJ10R the convenience of our patrons those of the bobbed hair as well
Jj as tne long, we have inaugurated a new service in our Hair Goods
Through: it, the beauties of formal hair-dressing are made available
for every-day wear without the expense or the time hitherto neces
sary for composing the "dres" coiffure.
The effectiveness of this service depends on the deftness of our hair-dressing
experts in originating artistic coiffures which, by the adjustment of a curl, the "
placing of a side wave, or the twisting of a wisp-like switch, produce a smart, attrac
tive arrangement of the hair.
The Deft Touch
is the name we have given to this service, which we render to our patrons
Just ask the manager of our Hair Goods Department to devise an artistic arrange
ment of your hair simple enough to warrant your adopting it as a permanent style
yet sufficiently ornate to give you that well-dressed look you prize so highly.
You will be surprised to learn how easily a nice coiffure can be arranged how
wonderfully becoming a side wave, a curl, or a weft transformation can become
when properly placed. -
The service is free. Your acceptance thereof assures a refreshing touch to
your fall costume.
With your hair becomingly arranged, you can enjoy, every day, the same sense
of being well groomed that ordinarily comes only with the glance into your mirror
the nights of the dance, the dinner or the theater.
prj Th Quality Storb -r I ,
I L or Portuakp e
J - - - -i
TP DUMIT LAWYERS
Extradition of Prisoner Is
TELEGRAPH TOO SLOW
Montana Officer Gets Action
at Astoria and Also Fugitive
by Beating Court Order.
VANCOUVER. Wash., Oct. 7.
(Special.) By the use of the tele
phone the sheriff of a Montana
county outwitted a Clarke county
attorney, who used the telegraph,
and the prisoner at stake had been
gone for nearly two hours when a
local attorney appeared at the
county jail with a temporary order
to hold the prisoner in this state.
Edward Nelson is wanted in
Daniels county, Montana, for arson,
alleged to have been committed four
years ago, and he recently was
found in this county, taken to Port
land, where he was arrested, and
after being shunted back and forth
across the Columbia river several
times he was in the jail here, though
he had put up a $400 bond to pro
tect DanieLs county from the ex
pense he had caused, in case he loBt.
Montana Sheriff Geta Han.
Sheriff Martin in the meantime
had procured from the governor of
Montana extradition papers and he
took these to Olympia today, where
they were honored by . Governor
Hart. He had left a deputy sheriff
at the Clarke county jail with an
automobile m waiting. As soon as
the governor had honored the extra
dition papers. Sheriff Martin used a
telephone to the sheriff hare, ask
ing the release of the prisoner to
Nelson was taken In charge by
the deputy sheriff, placed in the
waiting machine and driven away,
probably to overtake the train that
passes through the city In the morn
ing. Attorney !.? Hla Fight.
John W. Wilkinson, attorney for
Nelson, who wu objecting to the
release of Nelson to the Montana
sheriff, filed a telegram to his local
office Instructing it to get a tem
porary restraining order to keep
the sheriff from securing the pris
oner. W. R. Haddock, court commis
sioner, granted the order and in due
time It was served at the sheriff's
office by Cedrie Miller, who was in
formed that the prisoner had been
taken away full 90 minutes before
and his whereabouts at that time
The case attracted much atten
tion. Nelson said that hs wanted
to delay going back to Montana un
til after the first of the year, when
the new officers take charge. He
said his friends, non-partisans, had
swept the county and that If he
ohould go back after the first of
the year the charge would be dismissed.
Normal Soclttes Initiate.
MONMOUTH. Or., Oct. 7. (Spe
cial.) The Vespertine and Delphian
societies of the Oregon normal
school initiated more than 200 new
students Into each of these organ
izations last night. The ceremonies,
which were public, were largely
attended. Miss Helen Michaelson, a
senior, whose home is in Portland,
acted as installing officer for the
Vespertine and Miss Kathryn Pe
terson of Portland, also a senior,
officiated for the Delphian. .
Gunboat Zaragoza Sails.
VERA CRUZ. Oct. 7. The gunboat
Zaragoza has sailed for Tuxpam
with 500 soldiers to reinforce the
federal military in the oil region
where renewal of rebel activities is
Phone your want ads to The Ore
gonian. All Its readers are inter
ested in the classified columns.
RED CROSS MEET MONDAY
CONVEXTIOV IS CAXLKI BY
Soldier Service, Health, Child
Welfare and Other Prob
lems to Be DlnruMkrd.
' Hon. Junior 1X1 frees . riviLst
bom service and other sn.lects.
"Formal pr rmn svt s l.i t- de
parted from f-r li more ln.l
debate and arnup nini " '' I
Jenvrs L- Kieser. : h ri-nn I t
charge. "The ln-re in " '
nce and tn inter, hanae of opin
ion throi .lcerins I
prove of Ingress. ne slue tn th pro
motion of both ...cl and Mln-nal
WASHINGTON. D. C Oct. 7.
Solving of soldier service, health,
child welfare and other national
problems will be discussed at the
annual gathering of the representa
tives of Red Cross chapters St the
national convention, called by Presi
dent Harding., to be held hers Oc
tober S. 10 and 11.
Early reservations from chapter
delegates indicate that a highly,
representative gathering from the
JS chapters of the nation will b
present. The convention sessions
will be held In the Continental
Prexident Harding will address
the convention at the opening
slon Monday morning, October . I
During the remainder of the day the !
delegates will consider tne interests
of former service men and their
families. Addresses will be made
by General Pershing. Colonel Albert
A. Sprague. chairman of the national
rehabilitation committee of the
American Legljn.-.nd Colonel Forbes
of the Veterans' bureau.
Chief Justice ' 'llllam H. Taft will
preside at the Monday evening ses
sion, which will be addressed by
Herbert Hoover, secretary of com
merce, and Kir Claude Hill, chairman
of the International league of the
Red Cross societies.
Neighborly co-operation with other
American countries 111 be planned
at a group conference to be held In
the Pan-American building, where
Emlllo del Torres, chief Justice of
Porto Rico, will preside. Represen
tatives of the Red Cross from Bra
zil, Cuba, llaytl. Costa Rica and the
Ltln and Central American repub
lics will be present.
Other group conferences will be
held on publio health nurMng. home
hyriene and care of the sick, nutrl-
INDIAN BASKETS UNIQUE
YoM-ntlio Xstlonal Tarh C-t
TOSKMITP. Cal. "'rt. " A'txt
ef the Mitchell ollertlon of '.;(
nia Indian lfkrt, h mad- h
museum in ttie Yo.emUe tia'lnl
park one "f th notable. trure
houses of me Cnlt'd ! "r t'
preservation Of In! hetldlreatt
According to 1k-I authorities nme
of the specimens here cannot b du
plicated anywhere, not even in t ho
Smithsonian Inn! It ul '.on.
The Mitchell htekets. a co!lctlen
of M f',n lket. r ln
Mr and Mrs. K Mitchell of Vlil.
Cal.. who refused many large off'te
to sell 'he cellecimn "' 'he
state. They declined trie effr be
rause they wanted tne baskets to re
main In California
The feature of th roiled loo Is a
Tulars frteruleh.p basket which, m
f,r as known. Is the only one of H
kind tn existence. The .smitrisoslait
mstltution endeavore'l to buy tne
basket aad made a bid of t'. with
Conoln of MrKlnlcjr Ivrari.
PASADENA. Cal.. Oct t Wl'llam.
McKinlcy. TJ years old. cousin tv
the late President McKlnley. d'el of
heart trouble here whlis satd In
a barber'a chair. U came from
Ohio with his family a number ef
years ago. 11 Is survived by h
widow her, a son. Oeorg MrKltlr.
at Plcton. la. and two daughters.
Mrs. tieorg Gibson of South Pasa
dena. Cel.. snd Mrs nssl Brown
of Grand View. Wash.
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EVER YTH IX G PERTAINING TO MUSIC
"It does make a difference where you bay your Phonograph
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