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About The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current | View Entire Issue (Sept. 24, 1922)
THE SUNDAY OREGONIAJf, PORTLAND, SEPTEMBER 24, 1923
ALL TURK DEMANDS
Early Peace Conference Is
TERMS SENT TO KEMAL
British Reversal of Policy Is Re
garded as Great Victory for
(Continued From First Page.)
surprise, for as late as noon British
officials declared that Great Britain
would not approve any of the Turk
ish claims in advance of the peace
French Diplomacy Wins.
The change in this policy came in
the afternoon exchange of many
messages between Lord Curzon and
Premier Lloyd George and several
long telephone conversations which
delayed the final cession from 2
o'clock to 4. ,
Although the British tonight in
sist that the chief demand, mainly
freedom of the straits, is embodied
In the - conditions, it is generally
conceded that this unanimous deci
sion marks a reversal of policy on
the part of Great Britain and 13
considered here a victory for French
diplomacy. M. Poincare expressed
the belief that the near east crisis
la over and that all danger of a
dash is past.
- Cfaanak Likely to Be Held.
It is assumed that the British
troops will remain at Chanak pend
ing the peace conference. A broad
neutral zone will divide eastern
Thrace fnpm Greece and Bulgaria
in the treaty terms, which will be
decided at the conference. Both
Jugo-Slavia and Rumania insisted
upon this provision before they con
sented to the return of Turkey to
Europe, although It Is not men
tioned in the note. It Is thought
probable that the Turkish military
forces In Thrace and Adrianople will
be rigidly limited and that the strict
est guarantees will be exacted for
the Greek minorities in these places.
The probability of a Turkish at
tack on the British position at Cha
nak was given as the reason why
the joint note was cabled immediate
ly after the conference tonight. M.
Poincare informed Lord Curzon that
with the allied decision granting the
Turkish claims in the hands of Ke
roal Pasha the nationalists' leader
could Influence his warlike asso
elates to await calmly the outcome
of the peace conference.
JVentral Zone Demanded.
The last minute abandonment by
Great Britain of her position was
due, it was believed, to a desire to
avoid war, which many British of
ficials, both at home and in the
near east, regarded as likely. Pres
Bure from British labor, which was
united against hostilities in the near
east, is also thought to have played
no small part in the decision of the
Having effectively obtained in the
decision freedom of the straits Great
Britain is said rto have reasoned
that to insure peace in the near
east it would be better not to with
hold any longer Turkish aspirations
to a foothold in Europe, provided
ample guarantees were exacted
which would prevent a Turkish
Bulgarian alliance directed against
the Balkan countries.
While agreeing virtually to all
the ' Turkish claims. Lord -Curzon
insisted upon preservation of the
neutral zones on the Asiatic side
of the straits. The pledge is ex
acted from Kemal to observe these
zones and not to cross the straits
or the Sea of Marmora until peace
is signed. The previous contention
of Great Britain that allied troops
should continue to occupy Gallipoli
is not mentioned in the note, but
it is probable that a small allied
force will remain temporarily on
Greek Forces to Retire.
The Greek forces are to retire
from eastern Thrace and Adrianople
to a line to be fixed by the allied
generals in agreement with the
Greek and Turkish military au
thorities. The meeting to arrange
an armistice is expected to be held
at Mudania within a few,, days.
Admission of Turkey to the league
of nations, which the allies pledge
themselves to support, is not ex
pected until the assembly meeting
of next year.
Complete agreement by M. Poin
care,. Lord Curzon and Count Sferza
was readied after a three and a
half hour session. It is considered
the more surprising because of the
virtual decision last night that
separate notes would have to be
sent to the Angora government for
the reason that Great Britain was
not willing to bind herself in ad
Vance to any definite terms suffi
cient to attract Kernel Pasha to a
The phraseology of that part of
the note regarding Thrace is com
mented upon, as it sets forth that
the three . governments "view with
favor the desire of Turkey to re
cover Thrace," but conditioned on
this is the promise of Turkey not
to send troops into the neutral zone
until the peace conference.
Following is the text of the joint
note to Mustapha Kemal Pasha:
"The three allied governments
ask the government of the national
grand assembly to be good enough
to let them know if it is disposed to
send without delay representatives
with full powers to a meeting to
be held at Venice or elsewhere and
to which will be invited also, with
the representatives of Turkey,
plenipotentaries of Great Britain,
France, Italy, Japan, Rumania,
Jugo-Slavia and Greece.
Early Meeting Desired.
This meeting will take "place as
soon as necessary arrangements are
made by the governments con
cerned. The object of this meeting
will be to , negotiate and consoli
date a final treaty of peace between
Turkey, Greece and the allied pow
ers. "The three governments take this
opportunity to declare that they
view with favor the desire of Tur
key to recover Thrace as far as the
river JJaritza and including Adrian
ople. "On condition that the Angora
government does not send armies
during the peace negotiations into
zones the provisional neutrality of
which has been proclaimed by the
allied governments the three gov
ernments will willingly support at
the conference contributions of
these frontiers to Turkey, it being
understood that steps will be taken
in common agreement in the treaty
to safeguard the Interests of Turkey
and her neighbors; to demilitarize
with a view to the maintenance of
peace in certain zones to be fixed;
to obtain peaceful and orderly re
establishment of Turkey's authority,
and finally to assure effectively
under the league of nations main-
tenance of the freedom of the Dar
danelles, the sea 01 Marmora ana
the Bosphorus, as well as protection
of religious and racial minorities.
League Admission Favored.
"For the rest the three allied gov
ernments will willingly support the
admission of Turkey to the league
of nations. They are in agreement
in reaffirming their assurance, given
in March last, that they will with
draw their troops from Constanti
nople as soon as the treaty of peace
has entered' Into force.
"The three allied governments
will use their influence to procure
before the opening of 'the conference
the retirement of the Greek forces to
a line to be fixed by the allied gen
erals in agreement with the Greek
and Turkish military authorities.
"In return for this intervention
the government of Angora will un
dertake not to send troops, either
before or during the peace confer
ence, into the zones of neutrality
which have been previously declared
and not to oross the sea of Marmora.
In order to fix -the above mentioned
line a meeting might immediately
take place "between Kemal Pasha
and the allied generals at Mudania.
The allied governments are con
vinced that their appeal will be
listened to and they will be able to
collaborate with the Turkish govern
ment and their allies to establish
peace, for which the whole civilized
world s longing.
KEMAIi- FIRM IN DEMANDS
IS BRITISH POLICY
Premier Lloyd George Issues
Statement on Situation.
FREEDOM OF SEAS AIM
Any Action of Last Few Days
Said to 'Have Nothing to Do
With Merits of Dispute.
Restoration of Turkish Power in
, - Europe is Insisted On.
'j BY JOHN CLAYTON.
(Chicago Tribune Foreign News Service.
Copyright, St22, by the Chicago Tribune.)
SMYRNA, Sept. 23. (Via - Salon
ika.) Mustapha.' Kemal Pasha has
not changed his decision to insist
on the restoration of Turkish power
In Europe, despite the hasty prepa
rations of the British for the defense
of Constantinople and. the Dardan
elles. The main, body of Kemalist
troops, who defeated . the - Greek
army, is marching northward to
make liaison with the northern
army at the line of demarcation of
the neutral zones. His only terms
are immediate evacuation.
Turkish officers who left Smyrna
today laughingly told American
naval officers that they would see
them in Constantinople In ten days.
Kemal is remaining in Smyrna a
few days longer before proceeding to
the north f rorat. - He was in con
ference with Fethi Bey on Friday.
He still held out hope of a parley
with the allies immediately, but
would not cease concentrations
while awaiting allied action.
Smyrna still was smouldering after
the fire started a week ago. SmokeJ
from the Gary Tobacco company's
warehouse in the center of town is
a landmark miles out to sea. The
refugee situation is being somewhat
eased. Several thousand have been
evacuated in the last week and it is
hoped to send 15,0(10 out in the next
24 hours. The first bread ration was
given out today. Until now raw
barley was the only valuable food.
The U. S. S. Litchfield arrived this
morning and brought 50 tons of
foodstuffs in the near east. Re
lief workers chartered a vessel for
transporting flour. ' The munici
pality is urgently wanting foods of
all sorts and has ordered 3000 tons
of flour for the population and ref
ugees which probably will arrive
within ten days.
The port will be open until Oc
tober 1 for all refugees who care to
leave, save males'between 18 and 45
years old. These are being sent into
Three thousand tons of ammun
tion and cargo, chiefly tobacco, is
awaiting transportation., American
business men report that the Turks
are facilitating them in every way.
The only shipping company operat
ing as an American firm is the
Griswold-Archbold company, which
secured a gasoline towboat for life
savers. They have requested the
shipping board boat to call at Smyr
na as soon as possible. It will prob
ably arrive Friday.
The Standard Oil and Anglo-Asiatic
Oil company's plants near
Smyrna are safe. A representative
arrived this morning.
The condition of the refugees is
pitiful. Under the stern of the U.
S. S. tawrence a small boat load
has been hanging for five days.
They are fortunate, for they are
able to get water and food. A
sailing boat which was loaded Witt
refugees the day after the fire is
still in port and its human cargo has
received water and food only three
times since the fire.
TURKS INDISPOSED T OWAIT
Kemalists Unwilling to Pledge
Suspension of Hostilities.
CONSTANTINOPLE, Sept. 3. -(By
the Associated Press.) There is an
apparent disposition on -the part of
the Kemalists to accept Great
Britain's new terms regarding
Thrace and other disputed points.
They -are not willing, . however, to
give any pledges for the suspension
of hostilities while the peace con
ference is sitting.
The Kemalists insist; said Hamid
Bey, the nationalist representative
here, on the right to enter Thrace
immediately in order to liberate
the oppressed Moslem subjects. -
All we seek, he added, "is to
maintain small forces in Thrace for
psychological effeet upon the Mo
hammedan world and to preserve
It has been suggested," con
tinued Hamid Bey, "that the allies
could only permit us to occupy
Thrace under the supervision of
an allied control commission, but
we cannot submit to such condi
tions. We must have perfect free
dom in military, financial and ad
ministrative matters. We must
move on Thrace while our Greek
adversaries are impotent. We can
give no respite; we have fought
long for our present opportunities;
we must now make them realities.''
LONDON. Sept. 23. (By the Asso
ciated Press.) The policy of Great
Britain in the near east is to estab
lish the freedom of the Dardanelles
under the supervision of the league
of nations, declared Prime Minister
Lloyd. George in a statement at a
conference with the newspapermen
Mr. Lloyd George in his statement
"In view of the misapprehension
as to the character of the difficul
ties which have arisen in the near
east, I wish to make a statement as
to the actual facts and position.
"I should like at the very outse
to make it clear that any action we
have taken during: the last few day
has nothing to do with the merits
or demerits of the dispute betwee
the Greeks and the Turks. - - .
Conference la Needed.
"Whatever settlement is effected
of either Anatolia or Thrace, that
is a. matter for determination by
conference between the allies and
the belligerents and any steps we
have taken to strengthen our mill
tary and naval forces in the Darda
neles and the Uosphorus have notn
ing whatever to do with any con
siderations of that kind.
"Our action has been dictated by
two supreme considerations. One 1
our anxiety as to the freedom of the
seas between the Mediterranean and
the Black sea. That is the first an
primary consideration in directin
our actions. What happened in th
late war demonstrated clearly to
the British Empire how vital th
freedom of those various seas is to
the security of the empire, to th
protection of our commerce and to
humanity in its broadest aspects
Two Disasters Recalled.
"The closing of the Straits agains
us by a power which owed probably
more to Great Britain and certainly
to Great Britain and France to
gether, than to any other power in
the world, was an act of perfidy
which cost us dearly. It , was di
rectly responsible for the collapse
of our most, powerful ally in that
quarter of the globe and also was
responsible for the defeat of Ru
"These two disasters had the ef
fect of prolonging the war at least
two years and adding enormously to
the loss of life and to the devasta
tion and destruction which it will
take many years if not a wjwte gen
eration to repair. It is an essentia!
condition of world peace that there
shall be an effective guarantee for
the freedom of those seas in the fu
ture. If peace were signed without
the achievement of that object it
would be equivalent to a defeat in
that part of the world. i
"With that object in view, the al
lies prepared as the first condition
of the armistice with Turkey signed
October 30, 1918, the opening of the
Dardanelles and the Bosphorus and
securing access to the Black sea by
occupation by the allies of the Bos
phorus ports. We therefore regard
the freedom of those seas as of vital
British Interest and vital European
Freedom of Seas Wanted.
"Therefore the first thing we had
in mind in any steps we have taken
in the last few days has been to
insure that nothing be done to
menace the freedom of those seas.
and the world-wide interest of civ
ilization. In doing this I would
point out that we are taking no
separate action but simply carrying
out the policy agreed upon by all
the allies in October, 1918. We have
not departed one iota from the po
sltion we took then, and in doing
so we have not betrayed the trust
which the British empire as a whole
vested in us.
"The second object we had in
making a preparation was to pre
vent this exceptionally horrible war
from spreading into Europe.
"I am not going to apportion the
blame between the Greeks and the
Turks. The time has not come for
that, and it is. not necessary that we
do so in order to explain or defend
G. A. R. DEFENDS LINCOLN
(Continued From First Page.)
Smyrna Relief Work in Hand.
WASHINGTON, 61 C, Sept 23.
Major J. Claflin Davis, American
Red Cross representative in Smyrna,
today reported to national head
quarters of the Red Cross that the
temporary relief situation there was
well in hand, but that the problem
of caring for the refugees gathered
at Athens, Saloniki and Kavala was
rapidly becoming more.pressing. .
Kemalist Revolt in Thrace Afoot.
ROME, Sept. 23. A Kemalist in
surrection is being organized in
Thrace, according to the Messagero,
to attack the allies in Constantino
ple in the rear while the Kemalist
army from Asia Minor is advancing,
thus taking the allies between- two
fires. Fears are expressed, said the
newspaper, that Smyrna's fate will
also be Constantinople's.
Man Sees Wife Killed.
SEATTLE, Wash., Sept. 23. As
her husband was watchirg her from
beyond the tracks - and waiting for
he to cross. Mrs. S. 3". Herrick, 56
years old, was killed on the Great
Northern railway, jusf north of the
city today. Her mind intent on a
freight train on the track near Mr.
Herrick. Mrs. Herrick did not see
a fast passenger train on the track
peals from the south for the return
to that section of the Union battle
flags captured in action and now
displayed in state buildings of every
northern state, It is stated.
Confederate soldiers have waited
for the coming of the day when the
old-time belligerency would have
softened and they would again pos
sess tne flags and banners under
which they marched into battle.
faome of the Grand Army veterans
expressed the opinion today thait the
resolution directed against" Presi
dent Lincoln may have removed all
possibility of any such a movemen
securing the indorsement of the
Grand Army of the Republic. .'
Gaylord Davidson of Charleston.
West Virginia, himself a Confeder
ate veteran, has attempted to secure
a hearing before the business ses
sions of the 56th Grand Army of
the Republic encampment to re
pudiate, at least in part, the offi
cial action of the Confederate sol
diers. He explained that the reso
lution referring to Lincoln was
adopted when the convention hall
was practically deserted and that it
OIL LIGHT BEATS
ELECTRIC OR GAS
Burns 94 Air
A new oil lamp that gives an
amazingly brilliant, soft, whits light,
even better than gas or electricity,
has been tested by the U. S. gov
ernment and 35 leading universities
and found to be superior to 10 ordi
nary oil lamps. It burns without
odor, smoke or noise no pumping
up, is simple, clean, safe. Burns
94 air and 6 common kerosene
The inventor, W. C. Johnson, 31
N. Fifth St., Portland, Or., is offer
ing to send a lamp on 10 days'
FREE trial, or even to give one
FREE to the first user in each lo
cality who will help him introduce
it. Write him today for full par
ticulars. Also ask him to explain
how you can get the agency, and
without experience or money make
$250 to $500 per month.
Handmade and hand-embroidered wearables
' beautiful, dainty, fine Baby Boudoir make.
At less than wholesale cost.
Dresses, Gertrudes, Coats, Jackets,
Creepers, Rompers and Bloomer ,
Dresses, for tiny babies and tots to
2 years. ,
Mothers who take advantage of this opportunity
will be fortunate indeed, as the prices are far
below what you ordinarily pay for inferior mer-:
chandise. ; '
PRICES RANGE -
$1 - to $3.95
forvalues from $2.00 to $10.00
Baby's Eiderdown Sleeping Bag
See1 Window Display
. 0 .
The Rose Baby Shop
- 388 Morrison, Near 10th Street
does not represent the views of
majority of the Confederate veter
ans. ' .
TRAIN AND CAR CRASH
Four Sunnyslde Une Passengers
Shaken Up by Collision.
An inbound Eugene train, No. 22
of the Oregon Electric, and a Sun
nyside car of the Portland Railway,
Light & Power company crashed
at the intersection of Morrison and
Tenth. streets last night. Four per
sons riding in the city1 - car were
shaken, but none was injured.
The.sinerle car received the worst
of the encounter, being knocked off
Motorman Judy was driving the
Eugene train, while Motorman
Mueller and Conductor Hume had
charge of the yellow car.
CHURCH HAS BIG FIRE
(Continued From First Page.)
years ago, having, been put up in
1900 at a cost of about $14,000. Ad
ditions and increase in value
brought .the valuation to about
$35,000. Besides damage to the
building, three pianos were ruined
and the pipe organ may have been
rendered useless. Carpets, pews,
etc., suffered from .heat and water.
There Was to have been an im
portant rally today, but Rev. Walter
H. Nugent.. 204 East Twelfth street.
pastor of the church, said that on
account of the short time, services
would be abandoned for the day.
ied Gower Reports Hold-Up.
Fred Gower, 925 East Glisan
street, reported to the police last
night that he was held up and
robbed of $43 and a watch aboutf
8:16 at Twenty-first and Pacific
streets. He said a lone robber
jumped out of brush and accosted
him as "he was on the Twenty-first
street bridge near the south end,
later disappearing into the brush.
The robber was described as about
30, dressed in a light gray suit and
carried a blue revolver.
tion of the Institute of American
Meat Packers to be held here from
October 9 to 11. The business pro
gramme will Include the three days
of the convention and the' evenings
will be left open fos entertainment
Meat Packers Plan Meeting.
CHICAGO,' Sept. 23. Plans rapidly
are being completed for the pro
gramme of the 17th annual conven-
Gas Floor Heater
No Fumes No Dirt.
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Agents for Butterick Pat-'
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Parcel Pout Package
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Fashions for Fall have literally followed the changing: leaves and skies in bright
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in beads, 'broideries and appliques all of which we show in a host of exclusive
models in American adaptations smartly reflecting the Parisian originals.
Here Are Six Special Offerings in the New Suits and Coats
At $29.75 '
At $42 JO
Some in self cord
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some braid trimmed
on tailored tops but
all of these smart
suits have a free-fitting
line as graceful
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rials in a full color range and all sizes
There is wisdom in first selection from
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cal inspection values are such as to ap
peal to your best judgment.
m iiiiiiiniii ill,
M 1 M K
All popular mate-
A Sale of
At $35 M
Full materialed and
t amply gathered mod-
m els also nobby spTrt
S .fi9 trmt pmhodv
the season's popular
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Models with tailored collar, raglan sleeves,
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Velours, Bolivia and Normandy, etc
Styles with novelty sleeves Wolf, Cara
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School Girls With
CHILDREN often have defective
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The natural . prejudice of parents
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Oar own complete lens-grinding : .
- Plant on the Premises
Portland's Largest, Most Modern, Best Equipped,
Exclusive Optical Establishment t
CHAS. A."RUSCO, President and Gen. Mgr. .
201 to 211 Corbett Bldg., Fifth and Morrison
' Since 1908.
A Timely Display of New Stocks of
, Quilting Materials
that will prove to be of special interest to women who take pride in mak
ing their own comforters. Here are the most desirable materials in
dependable qualities, pleasing styles and the most moderate prices. lie
sure to profit by this opportunity
Challies at 19c
36-inch Challies in an ex
tensive variety of pretty
styles in both light and dark
Silkolinc at 25c
Both plain and fancy
btyles in a largo varioty of
patterns and shades.
Cretonnes at 25c
36-inch Cretonnes in pretty
flowered styles especially,
adapted for comfort coverings.
Flowered and Figured Sateens at 50c Yd.
36-inch fabrics in a wide range of styles in attractive flowered and figured effects in
medium dark colorings. One of the most popular and most satisfactory materials for com
One-Piece, 3-Pound Fine White Cotton Batts at .SL.'O
One-Piece, 3-Pound Stitched or Plain Cotton Batts at
One-Pound White Cotton Batts at, each 40ft and ."Oc
1-lb. Wool Batts .$1.50, 2-lb. Wool Batts ,$.J.OO, 3-Ib. Wool Batts at.. $ !.."
We Are Splendidly Ready to Supply Your Requirements in the
New Fur Trimmings
A t Surprisingly Low Prices for Such Fine Quality Materials
Just in and shown for the rst time, a great assortment of all that is new and desirable jn
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Choice from Model 115 with 10-inch elastic
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Right at this opportune
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Two Special Offerings in
Women's Gauntlet Gloves
$3.75 a Pair
Women's Mocha Gauntlet Gloves made With
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$4 JO a Pair
Women's Imported Kid Gauntlet Gloves made
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Women's Autumn Footwear
Pumps Oxfords Shoes
at $4.35 at $4.85
Twq underpriced assortments in leading lines of women's footwear consisting
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