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About The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current | View This Issue
THE SUNDAY OREGOXIAN, PORTLAND, JUNE 18, 1922
WORLD PERIL SEE!
Danger Visioned in Declin
ing Birth Rate.
GERMANY HOLDS ITS OWN
Another Conflict, With Whites on
One Side and Non-Whites on
Other, Believed Coming.
BY MARK SULLIVAN.
(Corpy-rlght, 1922, by New York Evening
Poet, Inc. "Published by arrangement.)
WASHINGTON, D. C, June 17.
(Special.) The subject of this ar
ticle may eeem a long way from
American politics from primaries
in North Dakota, from tariff de
bates in Washington, and from pres
ent American affairs altogether. But
to anyone who views it with an eye
on the future, the somber truth is
One day last week there appeared
in the same issue of the New York
Herald two dispatches. They came
from points far distant. In the flow
of the day's news they were 'merely
two separate items. But they be
long together, and the considera
tions arising out of them go to the
heart of future history.
The first came from Paris. It was
headed, "French Birth Rate Falls
and the essential portion of it read:
"At the present rate of depopulation
it is only a question of one' genera
tion before the population of France
will diminish at the rate of 200,000
a year, statisticians declare, after a
study of partial birth and death sta
tistics in the first quarter of 3 922.''
Germany Quite Different.
The other, dispatch came from
London. The part of it pertinent to
the present article read: "The Times
announces that Lord Northcliffe has
just .finished an incognito tour of
the Rhineland, using a' pseudonym
because of German animosity toward
him owing to his work as director
of propaganda during the war. Lord
Northcliffe describes the birth rate
as 'terrific'." :
Lord Northcliffe gives no actual
statistics about the German birth
rate, but the word "terrific" conveys
with sufficient force a fact that is
well known to observers generally.
To complete the picture suggested
by these two dispatches, I quote now
part of an article written by one of
the genuinely great journalists of
the world, J. L. Garvin of the Lon
don Observer, a man in whom schol
arship combines with his other tal
ents to put him in a very small clas
among those who try to provide the
world with enlightenment. Mr. Gar
vin attended the recent Genoa con
ference as a correspondent for his
own paper and for the New York
Times. Those who read his 'dis
patches will recall their clearlj' out
standing quality. The following
sentences are taken from a oiarra-
tive which Mr. Garvin wrote of his
return trip from Genoa to LJndon.
"Leaving Genoa, I traveled from
the Mediterranean to the channel
through France in the freshest
beauty of May. At Toulon, in all
the sunshine of the Midi, the high
rampartg were lined by black troops
in red fezzes. The good-natured
Senegalese lolled content, not. know
ing. They were unconscious of that
long-armed law which decrees that
a declining birth rate in France
shall be made good in cse ofwar
oy a gnusuy oeain rate among tne
militarized negroes of tropical Africa,
There are over 30-0,000 of them on a
peace footing in France and on the
Rhine; there are plans for over a
million in war.
"I reflected. I thought of- Lenin
in the Kremlin and his Chinese
guards. If there is to be a" million
of black mercenaries on the French
side, according to the mechanical
two-camp logic of M. Poincare and
all the fatal chauvinistic schools,
why not ultimately millions of yel
low mercenaries On the side of Rus-'
sia and Germany?. The logic of
French reaction would be a sort of
suger-Armageddon, with hordes of
blacks and yellows launched against
each other until the larger forces of
the east slowly conquered and the
dwindling life of France was trod
den out forever. No power in the
world so much needs a genuine
peace system of reconciliation and
disarmament as France, whose noou-
lation declines with every victory no
less man witn every deteat." .
"Either the Genoa, policy will live
and grow, and triumph on the basis
of settled peace for Europe and
Asia alike, or the civilization of
.modern Europe will perish like that
of ancient Rome. Russia would
have least to risk. Germany might
be the cockpit of a continent a
devastated battleground as in th
30 years war. France, though her
initial ascendancy in military equip
ment would enable her to advance
at the beginning of such a struggle,
would be Its surest victim at the
France's Decline Started. i
Mr. Garvin puts this isituation
partly in the form of regret for the
300,000 black troops who now com
pose 40 per cent of the standing
French army, and the additional
700,000 who would be drawn into
any future war. Other observers
speak of it as intolerable that
France should maintain these 300,
000 Africans as a part of the in
strumentality through . which she
threatens to impose her will on the
rest of Europe. France is charged
with attempting to maintain her
position by piecing out her own in
creasing sterility with the abound
ing fecundity of Africa.
This whole matter of declining
French birth rate has been observed
and studied by thoughtful persons
who look beneath the surface, ever
since the beginning of the war.
. The number of babies born in
France has long been small barely
enough to keep her population
stationary. But since the war began
it has not even been large enough
When Germany and France fought
in 1S70 each of them had about
40,000,000. But when they fought
again 44 years later France still
had only 40,000,000 while Germany
had gone up to 70,000,000. It was
France's stationary birth rate rela
tive to Germany's advancing one
that was France's greatest weak
ness during the war.. But if the
French birth rate was stationary
for 40 years preceding the war. It
oecame, during the latter part of
the war, and ever since, riot merely
stationary, but smaller. In one or
two years out of Jthe last seven,
France's birth rate went as low as
nine per 1800 a year.
All Nations Concerned,
There is not space in this article
to go more deeply into the figures
of birth rate and of future popula
tion as they relate either to France
or to other countries. The subject
affects not merely the relations of
France , and Germany, but , every
other country. The relations of
France and Germany affect the
future peace of the world.
It is not generally realized that
what happened to France's birth
rate as a result of the war. hap
pened also in greater or less degree
to nearly all of the rest of the white
part of the human race. The lower
ing of the birth rate, added to the
abnormal death rate due to war
conditions among recently-born
children, was universal. ' Although
there are no figures available, it
was probably worst of all in the
largest of the white countries
Few realize how seriously the
future military and ' economic
strength of the white part of the
human race was impaired by. the
war. The rest of the human race.
the yellows, browns and blacks,
suffered hardly at all; they have
gone ahead at their normal rate of
There are some who speculate on
the idea that there may be ahead
of us a great world-wide conflict
between the whites on the one side
and the non-whites . on the other.!
There may or may not be anytfiing
in it- In the long run relative
birth rate is the greatest single
factor in the future history of the
world. It has the power of ,a force
of nature. It will overcome fort
resses and creep around boundaries.
It is superior in its potency to any
league of nations or to any confer
ence or diplomatic arrangement..
LIBRARY MEET- JUNE 28
CONVENTION TO CONSIDER
ALL PHASES OF WORK.
Well-Known Educators to Talk on
Various Subjects atDetroi'
Gathering of Librarians. '
DETROIT, June 17. Every phase ;
of library work from its service trf
children, the general public and
public schools to its efforts in be
half of great universities and men ,
of science, will be considered here i
at the annual meeting of the Ameri
can Library association June 26 to
July 1,' inclusive. 4
Numbered among the speakers
will be college and university .heads,
chiefs of great public libraies in all
parts of the country and leaders in
the educational movement ' from
nearly every field. The entire time
during the week will be filled with
important general sessions and with
group meetings embracing the ac
tivities of every department of
Dr. Marion LeRoy Burton, presi
dent of the University of Michigan,
will be the chief speaker at the
opening general session, to be held
Monday night, June 26. Azariah S.
Root of Obelrin college, president of
the association, also will speak.
The Tuesday session will Be set
apart for a discussion of associa
tion publications. Speakerswill in
clude Harry M. Lydenberg of the
New York public library; Adelaide
R. Hasse, Washington, representing
special libraries of all kinds; Marion
Horton of Los Angeles library
school; Andrew Keogh of Yale uni
versity and Howard L. Hughes of
Trenton, N. J. - .,
"Recruiting for Library Service"
will be the theme of .Wednesday's
meeting. Speakers will include
Judson T. Jennings of Seattle, chair
man of the recruiting committee;
George H. Locke of Toronto; W. E.
Henry of the University of Wash
ington; Miss Alice L. Rose of New
York, Martha C. Pritchard of the
Detroit Teachers' college library;
Clara Hunt of Brooklyn and Alice
S. Tyler of Cleveland.
On Thursday the delegaffes ' will
go to Ann Arbor for a visit to the
University of Michigan library.
Reports of various committees
will be submitted Friday. On Sat
urday speakers will stress the im
portance of the individual's respon
sibility to his profession. Those 'on
the programme include Carl B.
Roden of the Chicago public library;
Mary Emogene Hazeltine of the
University of Wisconsin - library
school, and Harold H. Emmons, De
. The group meetings include those
on agriculture, law, library schools,
catalogue, children's libraries, col
lege and reference, hospital libra
ries, library buildings, professional
training, public documents, religion
and theology, negro libraries, school
libraries, foreign born, university
extension and library trustees.
The latter meeting is regarded by
Frank Hervey Pettingell of Los An
geles as promising to be one of the
most important ever., held by the
trustees. Mr. Pettingell is chair
man of this section.
The subject of this - meeting,
"What Must Be Done to Obtain In
creased Funds From Taxation for
the Needs of Public Libraries," will
be discussed by Arthur A. Stearns,
of Cleveland, William L. Pipelow of
Milwaukee. . W. L. Jenks of Port
Huron. Mich.. Rev. Robert J. Reni
son. Hamilton. Ontario, afnd John
H. Leete. director of the Carnegie
library of Pittsburg.
CHIEF MAY OPEN REUNION
President to Be Asked to Deliver
Address by Radio.
SEATTLE, Wash., June 17. Pres
ident Harding will be Invited to
open with a speech by radio from
Washington the 23d annual en
campment, of Veterans of Foreign
Wars and the reunion of the 91st di
vision association in Seattle, August
15 to 20.
Acting Secretary of the Navy
Roosevelt has been invited to attend
and has been requested to authorize
participation in the parade by men
from the Pacific fleet, which will be
in Puget sound then.
II . Just as Briefly as ' I
I I Can Put It i -I
I The essential difference .between the fine ' i
hand-workmanship in Hickey-Freeman j ;
Clothes for Men, and the machine-work j !
in ordinary ready-made clothing, is just
the difference between clothes that are II ;
custom-looking and those that are custom- I i
lacking. .- . ' I! I
Give me an opportunity to show them to yon 1 .
I BEN SELLING If . ' I
j Portland's Leading Clothier Ij I P
NOW IS YOUR BIG
CHANCE TO BUY .
TO THE prospective buyer of a Chi
nese Rug, here is an unparalleled
Every Chinese Rug . in the great stock of
ATIYEH BROS, will be offered for a few days
at reductions from
MAJOR HIS 33TH MEDAL
BELGIUM DECORATES SAM
TJEL I. JOHNSON.
Ex-Commander of Vladivostok
Police Holds Unusual Rec
ord as Athlete.
HONOLULU, T. H., May 5. (Spe
cial.) It won't be long before Sam
Johnson of Honolulu will be ask
ing: for a medal just to commemo
rate, the fact that he has so many.
He is just Sam Johnson to hundreds
of folks in Honolulu, but in the
United States army he is Major Sam
uel I. Johnson, former commander
of the international police at Vladi
vostok, Siberia. He has just been
decorated by anoUier foreign gov
ernment for distinguished services,
this time by the government of Bel
gium. , - . '
This makes the thirteenth decora
tion conferred upon Major Johnson,
many having been bestowed on him
as a direct result of his activities
during the world wUr, and the list
includes the American distinguished
At Manila, P. 1., on April 25, at
Fort William McKinley, Major John
son was presented with the cross of
an officer of the Order of Leopold
II, the decoration having been con
ferred by the king of the Belgians.
The presentation was made through
Major-General William M. Wright,
commanding officer of the Philip1
pines department of the army, and
Paul B. Verstraeten, Belgian consul
Major Johnson was born in a Cos
sack camp on the Dpn river. He
served in . the Russian navy and
then (Same to the United States. He
moved westward to Hawaii and ar
rived here in 1894 and when the
monarchy was overthrown he served
as a private in the army of the Ha
waiian republic, becoming a citizen
of the United States and moving up
from the ranks in the national guard
when this territory was annexed by
America. As an athlete he pos
sesses literally a trunkful of medals
and cups. As a military man he has
one decoration from the United
States, one from Great Britain, two
from France, one from Italy, one
from Japan, one from .China, five
from Russia, one from Siberia, one
from Czecho-Slovakia, one from Bel
gium besides sveeral other awards
arid decorations forearlier military
He has made and lost several for
tunes in business and his life reads
like a romance from Dumas.
SLASHINGS FIRE CHECKED
Tuialip Camp of Everett Logging
Company Near Destruction.
EVERETT, Wash., June 17. A
fire in slashing at Tuialip, north of
here, which late yesterday and. last
night threatened the camp of the
Everett Logging company, this
morning was reported under con
trol, no further danger being ex
pected unless the wind rises.
Back-firing was used by the crew
of 150 men to save the camp.
Gavels to Be Donated.
HOQUIAM, Wash., June 17. (Spe
cial.) When Mrs. Clarice M. Elliott,
local delegate to the national con
vention of Business and Professional
Women's Clubs in Chattanooga next
month, reaches the Tennessee city
she will have ready to distribute to
every club represented a gavel made
from Grays Harbor woods, with the
name of the club to which it is
given inscribed thereon. The north
west women are going after the
1923 convention for Portland and the
gavel will be but one of the pub
licity inducements used to gain their
point. Hoquiam Commercial club is
supplying the gavels.
below the present market price. This includes rugs of all sizes and
colors. You will find any rug you wish here on sale.
New importations are constantly arriving from China and in order to
avoid being overstocked we are making this unprecedented reduction.
You will not be able to buy a Chinese Rug anywhere at any time cheaper
than these. Some are sold at cost and some at great loss.
Watch our windows come and see the rugs for yourself. One of the
largest and best collections in the country awaits your selection.
Oriental Rugs " .
ALDER AT TENTH
Mail orders will receive
and prompt attention.
FOR A FEW DAYS ONLY
r .i. ... gC I P
"FOR the teeth
The Wonder Anaesthesia
"Puts Your Teett
. There is no hurt. .
Used only in my offices
Real Painless Dentistry
200-1-2-3-4 Columbia Bid.
West Park and Wash. St.
This school is operated for the Boy who has been
conditioned in one or more subjects, or -who. because
of sickness or moxing has lost time; or for the am
bitious boy who wants to complete a full semester's
work by Fall. - '
The school is conducted by several of the principals
from the Public Grade' Schools. The rooms are light,
airy and cool making it conducive to good work.
Here your Boy will get full membership privileges
which include swimming and gymnasium. The school
will close in time for all boys to attend the Y. M. C. A.
summer camp at Spirit Lake if they so desire.
Call at fourth floor Y. M. C. A. building and see
Mr. Burkhead for further information. ,
Y. M. C. A. Bldg.
Sixth and Taylor
What 100 June Brides Confided
As Their Ideal of a Wedding Present
Was Formed to Provide It
The Object of the dub
Every June finds thousands
of parents, with love in their
hearts, wanting to give their
bride dsoghterSjOr school-girl
graduates, a gift as wonderful
as the greatness of their love,
bat without the financial
means to do so.
And the same applies to the
husband, too, whose wedding
anruversaiycomes this month.
So this Jane-Day Gift Club
was formed a remarkable
new idea that places the Gift
of all Gifts within the means
of every purse.
Here is a club based on a beantifnl sen- '
timeot. Its object is to provide June
Brides with the Supreme Gift of music
the gift the first 100 brides we con
sulted confided in us as their ideal.
Membership is open to alL To fathers
and mothers, and brothers and sisters
with the song of love in their hearts.
Also to husbands whose wedding anni
versaries come in June. '
In the last few days thousands in this
city alone have joined, and tens of thou
sands throughout the land.
A Genuine Brunswick
Without Financial Strain!
It costs only $2 to joiri this club. Com
plete particulars may be obtained at any
of the Brunswick dealers' named below.
AO the details cannot be printed ncr
for that would take the surprise away
from the gift.
BUT this much can be said:
Membership obtains an extpilsiftJ
Brunswick instrumenteither of con
ventional cabinet design or a consols
type of rare charm and dignity.
It takes only a minute to join. There are
no formalities, no red tape. You obtain
the instrument you want, a genuine
Brunswick, in a way that entails no
financial worry. You provide a won
derful gift with a smaller outlay of money
than an ordinary present would require.
Get the Particulars Today
Any of the Brunswick dealers below will
gladly explain all the details of the plan.
Call today. Or phone and particulars
will be mailed.
For details see these Brunswick dealers ,
J. E. Metzger, Gresham, Or.
W. M. Toner, Jeweler, Si Johns
Vernon Drug; Co., 650 Alberta
Phoenix Pharmacy, 6616 Foster Road
Rose City Parkf Pharmacy, 1513 Sandy' Road
Beaver Pharmacy, 560 Umatilla