The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current, February 20, 1921, SECTION THREE, Page 12, Image 54

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Topics of City, State and National, as Well as Human Interest, Are Considered from Many Different Angles and Wide Comment Is Aroused.
; - 4 - s :
People Too Often Believe Things
They Wish to Believe.
' BAT CITT. Or.. Feb. 18. (To the
Kditor.) The forcible and illuminat- .
In a- editorial in The Oregonian reo
ruarv 10 upon relations with soviet
Russia satisfies to a great extent my
inc rradlnir your report of
the Steffens-Tucker meeting, that the
nrnl rlearlV.
lacis in i m k . w . . . . , - -.
ed. is a sort of tracklaying. caterpil
lar affair: or. expressed in more tech
nical legal terms, a "revolving fund."
with Its orbit defined by law. It
takes no part in county or state gov
ernments, schools, or building and
maintaining the everyday county
roads. In other .words, there are
J120.O00.0OO of the state's property
confiscated, as far as taxation is
concerned, which the dogs are asked
to make good.
"In the recent great drive for
"greater production" we were told
nlmlv and conciselv. It is a splen- looa ana doming wouia win me
5?i comprSv.- discussion of the war. ..nd the president of the United
:;,i mv I express some ! States set the example with a flock
thoughts which your remarks called
forth? ,
You say that these eulogies on bol
shevism and attacks upon our gov
ernment "can deceive only those who
are willing to believe anything that is
said in favor of bolshevism and
against the United States, or those
who have remained in willful ignor
ance of the events of the past four
years in Russia."
. "Willing to believe!" What a strik
ing expression! How many of us. I
wonder, will to believe only loose
statements of facts, alleged or real,
which agree with what we already
believe or wish to be true? Do we
realize that often we Will not to be
lieve statements of alleged facts
which do not agree or harmonize with
our previous beliefs and desires?
simplv will not to believe them, with
out investigation, solely because they
krr thinirs we do not want to believe?
Wilful ignorance" is the result, even
though we may think we are informed
upon a subject. We are easily con
vinced of what we want to believe,
or refuse to be convinced of what we
do not want to believe; and so we
rlose our minds to the subject and
remain wilfully ignorant concern
inz it.
If only "we. the people." all of us.
might be willing to believe anything,
no matter how deplorable, that can
be shown with reasonable sureness
to be true because it is true! 1.'
only we could all be open-minded and
Jairmmaea. ana oe our u" j .... .
willing to admit any fact as a belief
of sheep on the White House lawn
What they asked we freely gave, and
if it turned the trick in war, the
sheep is a greater defense to the na
tion than the army and navy. Sheep
cannot be handled or run without
dogs. They are Just as much a part
of the industry as the men employed,
or the sheep themselves. It would
appear, then, that the dog not only
saved the world, but will be the de
fensive .guard over generations yet
unborn. By legislation the dog was
made property and placed on the tax
roll of the state and is now. legis
lated to pay a license and wear a
col lar.
"The country Is still at war. An
emerrency exists: money is scarce:
wool unsold: sheep mortgaged to the
limit, and the federal reserve banks
will not accept dogs as collateral. If
we could borrow money to buv a
license and collar for a dog the money
Complaint of "Hard Times" Heard
and Americans Are Dissatisfied.
CASCADE LOCKS. Or.. Feb. 18.
(To the Editor.) Today the world at
large is voicing one continuous,
monotonous . groan interpreted as
"hard times." Not once since the days
of civilization was there a more
unanimous complaint. Parts of Eu
ropexare literally back as far,' if not
farther, as the age of savagery and
feudalism; parts are in the iron grip
of petty despots: while other sections
are confronted with the dilemma of
making a choice for men. who will
ultimately at least help them to ob
tain their long-sought peace. All are
dissatisfied. All are destitute of the
necessaries of civilized. life. This is
Europe of today.
America, pur country, the spouse of
liberty, is dissatisfied. The nation is
below its par. at least many try to
make us think it is. Starting with
either capital or labor, and we get the
same result, expressed by a most un
American expression, "Ican'l." Capital
excuses its inactivity by pleading
that present conditions would lead
to bankruptcy; labor contends that
post-war wages do not allow a fair
living. Both have an argument with
a million, or so, "pros and cons" .in
filing their complaint. Both charge,
neither wants to pay. and thus the
"buck" is passed to the world at large.
But since this good world is made up
out to Mr. Holmes. They are trying
to make me take that shipment for
mine a Jifference in price of $39.50,
not enough to sue for, or I would
compel a-, accounting on my shipment
from Oregon City.
There was much complaint in The
Oregonian about the quality of the
Writer Discusses Meaning of Part
or John's Preachings.
ESTACADA, Or., Feb. 18. (To the
Editor.) "Repent ye, for the king-
turkeys sold in Portland last season. dom of heaven is at hand." This is
Can you wonder that no one will be I the preaching of John, the Baptist,
wouU probably ko to raise some of-.f botn- it usually comes back to the
ficial's salary. If our dogs are with
out collars we are subject to a fine,
and if we cannot borrow the money
will have to go to jail. Our choice
seems to be only in the route we
travel, which is not entirely without
"It would appear that to take a col
lar from a dog owned by a lawyer
who was once a legislator (or wanted
to be) and place the same on the neck
of a dofr that helped "make the world
safe for democracy" would be the
most defensive route to our inevitable
destination." TAXPAYER.
and making a personal Judgment upon
any statement of alleged fact present
id to us for belief. When this is im
possible let us try to listen only to
a first-hand authority, the highest
authority we can find out about. Of
course, this would make it necessary
for us to inform ourselves upon any
particular subject, make ourselves to
know the facts of the case before we
could have a belief concerning it.
Anyone with intelligence who wants
to do this can do so. True, it requires
careful Judgment to select reliable
authorities, but trained educators at
our local college and expert assist
ants at our public library can give
us the needed help.
But. Mr. Editor, could not The Ore
Fonian, as a part of the chief edu
cative influence of our present gen
eration, the public press, help even j
morn than it is now doing by print
ing a series of one-column articles
upon the basic principles or tnose
things so many of us are talking and
being dissatisfied about? Brief, sim
ple and unbiased, yet complete, ex
planations of why wages are being
lowered, why so many are unem
ployed, why freight rates are so high,
why many mills and factories are
Idle, why taxes are high, etc., etc.
things everyone is supposed to know.
Show how a day laborer or a salaried
man becomes an employer of labor,
developing from a laborer or work
ingman into a capitalist, and show
that this common ridiculous designa
tion of the two groups does not mean
that when a man becomes a capital
ist he no longer works. Show that
a workingman can become a working-man-with-money-ahead,
which is all
that a typical capitalist Is. Show that
employers who do all they can to help
their employes to do their work sat
isfactorily, and to understand present-day
conditions and business
causes and effects, are merely doing
what is best for themselves, to say
nothing of being fair and "doing
unto others as they would that" etc.
Of course this is a task for a man
who understands human nature and
also the natural laws of economics
and sociology and, withal, has the
gift of clear and simple expression.
Could ho not be found?
IV riter Says One Reptile 'With Two
Heads Swallowed Itself.
" NEW MEADOWS, Idaho, Feb. 15.
(To the Editor.) It is of great inter
est to me to read the letter of W. W.
liailey of Brownsville. Or., about
snakes. He says that as a boy he
plowed up snake eggs in Leaven
worth county. Kan. Strange to say.
1 was there in 1878 and plowed up
snake eggs as he did.
In 18i I came to Idaho and In an
unsettled valley near the head of the
Weiser river found grass root snakes
In all stages of development. Grass
roots growing in springy places were
taken possession of by minute ani-
Tnalculae. Beginning at the bottom, a
root would be enlarged and changed
from vegetable to animal. From the
tip of the root to the crown the root
would become white and alive. At
the crown the perfect animal would
xeleaje itself and move away.
They were about the size of a knit
ting needle old style. The eyes were
very small and black. It was won
derful to see that from that begin
ning man could have developed.
There are not many snakes here in
the mountains of Idaho, but there is
one. a rather sluggish snake, having
a head at each end. One of them got
hold of a garter snake and both heads
began to swallow it. Then the larger
head swallowed the smaller one and
kept on until it swallowed itself.
One season several years ago some
rattlesnakes were drawn up inty the
clouds and deposited high up in the
mountains. Joint snakes were plenti
ful. One of tlum fought a rattlesnake
and flew all to pieces and the rattler
left a victor, hut minus his tail. I
aw the pieces lying tltere and after a"
while heard the sound of rattles and
found the joints had reassembled and
taken on the rattler's tail.
The ground hog is out and on his
Supervision Declared Necessary to
Protect Nation's Morals.
LACEY. Wash.. Feb. 18. (To the
Editor.) The necessity of censoring
our movies is agitated all over the
country by Individuals, newspapers,
censor boards and even state legisla
tures. Everybody who has respect
for the morals and common decency
of our growfng-up generation be
lieves that our country is flooded
with films that should be consigned
to the sewers. The name of such
films is legion.
Their supervision or censoring is
considered to be a proposition that
is very difficult to handle effectively.
Appointed boards proclaim that the
rtsults of their best efforts are unsatisfactory.
The American people are supposed
to be a practical people. Why not
get at this cancer that is gnawing at
the very vitals of our nation in
practical manner?
We punish firebugs to protect our
buildings and to prevent their wan
ton destruction. Newspapers stated
only a few years ago that 75 per cent
of our movie films are produced in
Los Angeles, Cal., and at least the
most of the rest in Jacksonville, Fla.
If it is wrong to display films that
rob the flower of our nation of the
best and noblest that is in them, is
it less wrong to produce such films
pnd sow them broadcast? If there
are only a few establishments en
gaged in this nefarious business,
would not our practical men bring
about best results by overseeing or
censoring the very production and
importation of films, thus watching
and manacling our worst and most
guilty scoundrels?
Can these not be interested in the
production of scenes that advocate a
life that can be enjoyed and that is
worth living; that upholds and appre
ciates virtue, honesty.- lawful ambi
tion, a noble character, true heroism,
a pride in marital fidelity and the
happiness of real home life, and con
sign vice and lewdness and lawless
ness to the depth of degradation and
of Hades, where they belong, instead
if placing them on pedestals intended
for heroes?
If the production and importation
of our films have the proper super
vision and all the nasty ones now in
existence are dumped Into the city
sewers, then we may before long look
lor cleaner movies.
Then the movies will all assist the.
first slough, often a.little worse than
It left.
Both sides are strong on the eva
sive, "I can't"; neither is willing to
say at least "I will" and ask the other
side to support it.
Facts are facts, and. viewing both,
one observes that, individual capita!
is in a most precarious position, due
of course to the vanishing of the
"boom" and the withdrawal of bulk
capital. Business for individual
capital has by far past, at the present
time, the stage of enterprise, as it
was in days gone by (excluding those
of the war): business of the present
day and conditions have reached the
height of downright chance, making
it nothing less than lottery. If any
one doubts this, he is welcome to try
it. The so-called profiteer-capitalist
has tied up his money; while an
honest business-capitalist is trying to
make at least a "turn-over." thereby
protecting the little he may have
made, and giving his employes a
chance to keep what they already
have, or at least give them a meal
ticket, which means a whole lot at
Without being a pessimist, one, who
has had any experience at all with
our present class of labor, must ad
mit that the general condition, or
morale, of the average laborer is of a
serious nature. The treasures of the
wage flood can mostly be found in
the habitat of "easy come, easy go."
leaving but naught for the ebb, which
set in surprisingly quick. An honest
wage earner will admit his folly of
spending, but it is gone, like the
flower that blooms but once. This,
however, is not the worst evil. What
really gnaws at the root of dissatis
faction is the ' false and socialistic
idea that all capital wants to play
caught sending good birds more than
once? .II of it would be adjusted by
a little getting-together of those who
eat and tuose who raise the turkeys.
Proper Appreciation of Rights of
Employer and Employe Necessary.
PENDLETON, dr., Feb. 8. (To the
Editor.) At times- trivial circum
stances appeal to small runs as justi
fying their endeavoring to fire large lamp or our tanks and not ready for
projectiles. Apropos of this state- I it, nor prepared to enter therein,
ment, I will soon begin my 40th year I Then we will be left out and there
as a subscriber and constant reader win De weeping ana waning ana ine
the whole burden of his propaganda
boiled down and cooked up in a cap
sule. But no one knows what it
means, for the English of the Eliza
bethan era is a dead language, as
dead as Latin or Aramaic.
Translated into Americanese, It
means "AH hands get sorry!" "Ye"
means everybody, or all hands. "Re
pent" means to be sorry. Why should
we be sorry because the kingdom of
heaven is at hand? Is that anything
to be sorry about?
Certain y it is, if we are like the
foolish virgins without oil in our
of The Oregonian, and not very long
ago I received the vote of Umatilla
county for the office of Joint sen
ator from the district, which is com
posed of Umatilla, Union and Morrow
During the many years that I read
The Oregonian I only recall that one
positive conviction of mine was
directly influenced by your editorial
comment. I did eventually agree with
you as to W. J. Bryan and, mea culpa,
voted for his opponent for president
of the United States nesika papa
kopet kumtux.
I am advised that many thousands
have read. The Oregonian for more
than 40 years, and that this county
and senatorial district is represented
in the state legislature by men; of
brains and energy, however, no one of
them has even casually mentioned the
one subject upon which, more than
any other, I deem the future welfare
of our country to depend, and that
is a proper appreciation by employer
and employe of the just and proper
rights of the other. By virtu of hav
ing worked in a coal mine in West
Virginia for several years beside
good decent men from England. Scot
land, Ireland, Wales and our own
country and the riff-raff of nearly
all countries, and the further fact
that for one year as an employe of
the United States, and one year as a
voluntary contribution of my. bit, I
ran a free emplyment office through
which I directed nearly 7000 persons
to employment, and also for ten years
was a considerable employer of labor
in livestock farming and gold and
silver mining. I claim a compre
hensive knowledge of the point of
view of each and, while among the
thousands of seekers of employment j
wnn wnom i nave come In contact 1
found some who had vague notions
as to the rights of the man who has
accumulated wealth, and was accu
mulating it, I found hundreds who en
tertained a profound respect for the
idea of only reasonable and proper
restrictions on the individual accu
mulation of wealth; but, there was
a prevailing feeling among the un
employed that the governments, chy.
county, state or national, manifested
scant interest in the laborer. In a
gnashing of teeth.
The world is full of that already.
What for? Why weep in the midst
tf prosperity and starve in the midst
of plenty? The poor are always in
distress became they never have
enough of anything. The rich are in
equal distress because they have too
much of everything and want more.
Greed grows by what it feeds on.
The more they acquire the more they
des're. The horse leech cries give,
g've, and the grave is never satis
fied. John's message was given 2000
years ago and the world has forgot
ten it. The world has a very short
memory. In fact, it has no real mem
ory at all. The light of revelation
has not failed. It has been shining in
a darkness that comprehends it not.
nized by our forefathers as an en
dowment of which no government can
of rig rob any man. however hum
ble he may be. And only in so far
as this divine ordination is practically
recognized by the people is their
voice the voice of God.
The Spanish inquisition, with its
sickening record of torture; puritan
New England, with its "anti-kissing"
and Sunday blue laws; the whipping
of the Quakers, the whipping and
banishing of the Baptists, the hang
ing of witches these crimes all be
long to the family of modern Sunday
closing crusaders. The relationship
may not appear very desirable to
broad-minded, liberty-loving people,
but by a close' observation the fam
ily resemblance will be found to be
most striking.
Some people would have us believe
that Sunday laws are not ' religious.
But no Sirnday law can be enacted
or drafted which is not religious.
The very fact that such a law forbids
acts upon the first day of the week
which are not wrong in themselves,
but are merely considered wrong be
cause done on Sunday, shows that the
law Is intended to protect, the day, not
to prohibit a wrong act.
driver are found in every cavalcade, j for teaching, we can hardly agree
"ace high" in the game of industry ' measure the feeling was Justified.
thus priming the respective worker
to be stubborn and refuse his sup
port to the little "I will" capital.
Such a man's philosophy Is "live and
be damned," before I work for these
wages, 1 loaf, and loaf he does.
Take it all in all. It Is evident that
the advice for co-operation, steeled
by time itself, must beheeded. "Where
there is union, there is strength.
Nothing can be accomplished by one
party fighting the other, for the fric
tion thus created is but a loss, and
which of the two is able to stand it
No Large Flocks Declared to Be
Raised in Willamette Valley.
OREGON CITY, Or.. Feb. 18. (To
the Editor.) There has been so much
said in the Portland papers in the
last two months about turkeys and
their price, from those who buy and
cat them, but nothing whatever from
those who raise them, that I am
moved to ask space for some ques
tions and some statements from a
turkey raiser.
In the first place, there are no large
flocks raised in the Willamette valley
that I know of. The valley has not a
turkey-raising climate, yet there are
hundreds of turkeys raised in small
bunches of less than a dozen, whose
educational efforts in trying to build natural market is Portland, if we
up a cleaner, nobler and happier gen- I could get fair treatment. As it is. It
eration imbibed with higher ideals of
life than murder, robbery, lewdness,
sensuality and selfishness.
bhrepnian Reported Seen Stealing
Collar From Lawyer's Pet.
VALE. Or., Feb. 17. (To the Edi
tor. Today I caught a ' sheepman
Cf:.ling a collar from a lawyer's dog.
The sheepman is one of the leading
flockmasters of the county- He has
ridden in a big car and last year a
federal agent checked hir.i over and
took $1000 away from him as Income
tax. The occurrence today seemed so
Unusual I asked him to justify, and
he told his story, which follows:
"The dog has the distinction of be
ing the only species of property un
der the constitution of the state of
Oregon that is compelled by law to
jy a double taxation. The automo
bile registrations run to about 105.
nnn, representing approximately $120.
000, 00. and is entirely exempt from
taxation. It is true it pays a license,
"but the same Is used to build roads
tor itself. The license, going back
to the source from whence it originate
Preparation for Positions Said to
Require Years of Study.
ILWACO. Wash., Feb. 18. (To the
Editor.) I wish to comment on 'an
article in The Oregon'an regarding
the salary of the teachers in the
Teachers of Oregon and Washing
lion do not receive ample pay for
their work. Their wages class them
as "common labor."
Stop fir a moment and consider
their preparation for the position of
teachers. The writer of the article
said "that teachers needed no more
than an average education." What
would our schools amount to if this
were so? I certainly think that lie
has made a very broad statement in
regard to the subject. In order for
one to become a teacher he has to
spend eight years in the grade or
crnimon schools the same as the av
erage person. Ninety per cent of the
population of' the United States go
no further than the eighth grade.
After leaving the public school he has
to spend four years in an accredited
high school. This is followed by four
years in college, specializing, if you
please, for the line of reaching that
he wishes to follow.- Js this, Mr.
Reader, an average education?
Does our other writer have children
in school? He certainly must not
have. The work of a teacher in start
ing a pupil out is a tremendous job.
I venture to say that the teacher in
the public school has equally as much
influence as has the child's parents in
g'ving to the child a good start for
the battles of this world.
Of course, I realize that wages and
commodities have and are still com
ing down, but even at that teachers'
wages never took a rise in the same
ratio as did the common laborer's.
In the other article stress was laid
on the faiit that we needed competent
teachers. We can't get competent
teachers without sufficient pay!
Low wages is the cause of the
shortage of teachers. At present,
perhaps, teachers are plentiful, but
there are never too many good teach
ers. Children are the men and wom
en of tomorrow and the backbone of
the country. Without them the na
t'on would fall and without educa
tion we fail in life's purpose.
So pay the teachers, the influenc
ing factors of thousands of children's
lives, a sifficient wage that will en
able them to have at least a comfort
able living.
is not safe for anyone of us to send
turkeys to Portland. The raiser has
to go with his shipment to get an
honest deal, unless he knows the per
son he is shipping to. W'e do not
find any fault with the price. Tur
keys will always bring a high price,
ar long as they are the choice for
Thanksgiving and Christmas eating.
They cost a great deal to raise, but
the Portland price is always good
giving a nice little profit when we
set an honest weight. But when they
lose from two to six pounds per bird
in going by express from Oregon City
;o Portland the shipper is left in i
bad hole, and the price to the con
sumej- looks very queer to me. My
neighbor, Mr. B.. took his turkeys
down himself nicely cleaned, and had
no trouble in getting 48 cents, a fine
price, but whaf he wants to know, as
we all d ., is why the consumer had
to pay 65 cents, a profit to the dealer
of 17 cents a pound. The turkey
raiser doesn't get it, and -when the
dealer gets that for a 15-pound bird
he certainly is doing well, over $2.50
for just taking it into his shop and
passing it out again, while the tur
key raiser has to have constant
watching and expense for six or seven
months to get his small profit.
Such unjust profits could be
stopped if the consumer took a little
interest in the price a month before
Thanksgiving in place of so much
fault-finding afterward.
It is the women who buy the tur
keys, and when there are so many
women's clubs and so many church
clubs, they could get in line with the
county agents and could count up the
turkey raisers and both raisers and
consumers would get and give a fair
price. It certainly could be done if
they would take a little trouble. If
I succeed in raising turkeys again
this year, I would -like to join with
others In getting my birds to market.
They will not go into Portland again
this year as tbey did last Thanksgiv
ing, without someone being with'
them. I sent 24 as fine birds as went
into Portland, weighing from 11 to
17 pounds each, and I have not had
returns from that shipment to this
day. They were sent from Oregon
C;ty by express, prepaid, to one of
the large poultry dealers on Front
street. The express weight was,
gross. 510 pounds; crates. 160: net,
350, which, at 35 cents a pound, should
have brought me 1122.50.
About ten days later I received a
letter from W. A. Holmes, a grocer
of Park Place, who had very kindly
ordered the crates for me and had
hauled them out as far as my mail
box, inclosing a statement of a ship
ment of turkeys sent by W. A. Holmes
from Gladstone, gross weight 633,
crates 376, net 257, express collected
ir. Portland. My name was not men
tioned a. all, and the check was made
Other than in our cities, the seeker
of employment stood on the streets.
in sunshine or rain, in zephyr or tor
nado, as the weather man saw fit
and offered his services to the pass
er-by; whereas the vendor of other
things of value had some suitable
place in which to offer his wares.
Now. my idea of this: Every incor
porated city should have some place,
equipped with ordinary conveniences
at least, wherea man or woman with
time to sell could go and at least sit
in comfort while awaiting the com
ing of a probable employer. The cost
would be small and the value very
considerable. If each such place was
equipped with a blackboard either
party could give notice to all comers
that at a certain time there would be
at a given hour, say, a man to jig
sacks or punch a header, or else a
man to employ sux-h. -.
As I do not suppose any self-respecting
newspaper would allow more
than one sheet to a small gun to fire
a 75-m. shell. I will not now under
take to tell you how Oregon can get
$150 worth of good road for each $100
spent. However, there is a man over
in Baker county who, I understand.
Is a forest service man. named Jones
who has built more excellent roads
with less than $5000. between Sump
ter and Granite, than has been se
cured in any other part of eastern
Oregon for many times that amount of
monev. Hence, were I in the legisla
ture, I would advocate Jones for road
builder and Joe Teal for shipping
board, feeling that each man knew
his business better than any other
man in sight. However, I am always
pondering why common sense and
politics cannot live together in har
mony. N. B.
Reference Requirement Declared
to Keep Men Idle.
PORTLAND, Feb. 18. (To the Edi
itor.) Having no work to do for the
last three months and not being able
to get employment, I have made a
study of the unemployment situa
tion here .in ' Portland, and now I
rise to ask The Oregonian to answer
a few questions that 1 may know
more about it. I read in the paper
that there are 5000 unemployed in the
city, 2500 married men that cannot
get employment.
I take up the paper and read:
"Wanted Men to paint, men to bake,
carpenters, blacksmiths, machinists,
clerks, salesmen," in fact some for
all kinds of work.
I rise to ask is it possible that none
of these 2500 men are qualified to fill
these positions? I have talked with
many of these men and find that they
are able to fill these places. We asx
why do they not get them? I can
answer. They meet the same condi
tions that I do when I apply. I must
furnish references and be recom
mended. Some want references for
five years back. Now. I came here
from California last June. Have
family, but, while. I am able to fill
many positions, I have no time to
wait for recommendations to come
from there.
Again I rise to ask how many em
ployers in this city and country.
when they lay off men, give them a
letter of recommendation ? How many
employers, because of some little dis
agreement or personal huff, let a
good man out and then knock him
every time they can, and yet these
same men will require his help? nre give you an example one
of the public service corporations. If
man quits them for any reason
whatever he will never get on again
for them. Neither will they give him
a recommendation, and he cannot use
them as reference. It looks one
sided to yours truly.
What good would a roll of letters
of recommendation be if a man can
not deliver the goods? Why not give
him a tryout and take him on his
merits? It seems to me. if these un
fair employers of Portland would let
this reference business alone and
take these unemployed men in and
give them a fair trial they would find
many of the 2500 who will be able to
fill their wants with full satisfaction.
' E. D. JAMES.
earned some things which I am glad
to know and relate. 1 confess that
I was fearful of slippery roads when
Another John has arisen who knows I started on the morning of February
not Joseph, and there are many' 12. but fear vanished when our care-
strange lights in the world that owe
their brightness to enveloping gloom.
They would not be visible in daylight.
The light of revelation has not
failed. It has not been fully revealed.
The complete revelation has not yet
come. By the great time clock of the
universe 1000 years are as one day,
so it is really only two days since
John baptized in the Jordan. This is
news that is quite new.
And ever since then all the tribes
of the earth have been mourning and
dying anl wasting and fading into
the night. There has not been any
day in th-j realms of Pluto or Plutus.
The day has not yet come. The king
dom of heaven is the day that is to
"Der Tig" is German for the day
the great day when the Hohenzollerns
were to rule the world. But that
light Iras failed. That dream has fad
ed and passed in the night. Other
S'milar dreams of materialistic world
dominion are doomed to fade and fail,
but the message delivered on the
banks of the Jordan is as true and
ac new now as it was then. The
kirgdom of heaven Is at hand. The
day is at hand when the woes of the
world will be healed. J. L. JONES.
Communities Between City and Sea
side to Be Fine Grabbers.
PORTLAND. Feb. 19. (To the Edi
tor.) After reading the .various
write-ups of the Ad club's winter trip
to Seaside. I am wondering if this
.........if,- ..-ill ttvor- feattet In knock. I
I had the pleasure of going with ment: his personal cleanliness; his
the Dartv as an mvteu guest, ana
Educators Answer Fair Play and
Fair Pay Criticisms.
NEWBERG. Or.. Fb. 18 (To the
Editor.) "Fair Play 'and Fair Pay"
in his. her or its communication of
February 11, in regard to the
teachers' tenure bill, says "Much more
could be said."
We agree with Fair Play, therefore
wc will say more of it.
First, in reference to lobbying in
the legislature for higher wages.
Lobbying is very wrong, but under
existing conditions to obtain passage
of a law it is necessary to lobby,
therefore the teacher who desired to
retain her position lobbied.
It is true that teachers salaries
are not high compared with certain
lines of business. It Is also true that
few teachers are able to save from
a nine months' salary sufficient
money to pay expenses during three
months of idleness. In regard to the
five days a week of exceedingly short
hours, permit us to say tje teacher
must grade papers; must keep her
record books, not only with correct
ness but nejitness. 'and this work
cannot be done during school hours.
As for the responsibility of her posi
tion, we should like to ask Fair Play
who is molding the future citizens,
who will fill the positions In busi
ness which he emphasizes as being
of so much importance?
The teacher is responsible for the
child during school hours, intermis
sions and the time he Is on the
school grounds. She is responsible
lor his mental and moral develop-
language and habits, and for his
future ideals. During school age the
child is in the constructive stage
and it is the teacher who plays the
greatest part In molding his life for
good or ill.
m j :i. nf,., -iiic rjann miu uhiikci 9. H 19 Hue,
lui anvercarrieu us sulc.,. are mental such as insanity and the
mile and we made the trip as safely, . ,. ... ., ' .
and in the same time, minus one-half
hour, that we did last fall in dry
weather. I was alarmed again when
I awakened the next morning to find
a fall of snow, through which the
home journey must be made, 1 ut it
was made as speedily and in perfect
The speed hound and reckless
they were, wo are at an expense, of
not less than $1.25 a bushel, or
trifle more than $2 each 100 pounds
to grow and place our crop on hoard
the cars.
Are you willing to pay cash on an
article to the grower? If you are.
we ranchers knew nothing about it
these past many months. We are of
fered i hardly enough for our spud'
to cover cost of handling out of stor
age into the cars. One grower near
town is now paying for an advertise
ment in our local paper worded:
"Free potatoes, come and get them
for the digging." Do you suppose he
will increase his acreage next sea
son? So much for being a capitalistic (?
farmer. However, we sometimes feel
like we are being farmed. What do
you think?
permanent wreck of the sweet temper
of the ordinary teacher. These are
caused not always by the child very
often by the mother of said child,
when the child did not "pass."
Pleasant work at times, not always;
no quarrels there must be two
parties to quarrel and the teacher
does not make one.
As to the preparation necessary
Topics for Clergymen to Speak On
Are Suggested.
PORTLAND. Feb. 19. (To the Ed
itor.) It will readily be conceded
that The Morning Oregonian, Mon
day's issue, accords generous space to
the pastors of Portland in printing
what they said in their pulpits the
previous day.
But the query arises: How much in
terest do the thousands of readers of
the paper take in these utterances
after they are published in attractive
Personal observations and some
knowledge of a general character
tend to show that interest in what
these good men have said is not, it is
feared what it should be.
What is the explanation of this in
difference? Is it because the minis
try, though composed of excellent
and educated men, in their themes
and utterances are not adjusted to
modern life? Is it because men and
women are under such industrial and
economic pressure that these excel
lent synopses of sermons in the daily
paper are neglected? Is it because
so many are at home outside the
church, or ' in only nominal relation
to it, that the Christian religion has
little to offer for their satisfaction?
Is it because of the charge made
in some quarters that the church wor
ships weakness, where it should wor
ship strength its specific mission be
ing to none but the less fortunate in
life, "an ambulance," as James Rus
sell Lowell characterized it, "to fetch
life's weaklings and derelicts in"?
Or is it because of a temperamental
interpretation of Christianity by
some worthy ministers that not a few
high-minded, morally earnest men
and women manifest an aloofness,
with little consciousness of need of
the church's ministrations?
It may be I am one of the numer
ous persons who think they know
how three things, at least, should be
done punch the fire, edit a paper
and preach a sermon. But how would
it do for our brethren of the cloth
to give a great army of readers light
on something like the following: Js
there a reward for virtue? Is there
compensation for undeserved misery?
Is there sure retribution tor bidden
crime? Is there hope that the vicious
man may become virtuous? 1s there
help by which pressure upon the con
science produced by wrongdoing may
be removed? Are there means by
which the mind striving to be virtu
ous may defend itself against temp
tation? C. E.CUINE.
and accidents result . winter or sum
mer, but I know now that long auto
trips may be made In safety with
careful driving in any weather on
good roads and why not enjoy our
wonderful highways - all the year
I shall not soon forget the mid
winter panorama, the mantle of snow
in the mountains making the scenery
beautiful and unusual and well-worth
the trip to see. There were some
ladles recently from the east In our
parts- and they marveled that such a
trip was possible in winter, saying
their relatives would bs incredulous
when they wrote home; they said
autos were put up for the winter and
the roads were impassable where they
came from.
I am told the Pacific is but two
degrees colder here in winter than
in summer, and if this is true winter
bathing need not be a complete joke,
our webfoot population could easily
come out of their burrows and make
it famous and attractive to tourists.
We have heard of freezing weather In
southern California and Palm Beach,
Fla., but it is not heralded forth by
their newspapers and 'tourists de
rided for coming.
I wonder if the towns on the way
to Seaside resent travelers passing
through or stopping; they seemed
alert only to rake In a fine, and for
an almost impossible meal we were
overcharged while en route. They ap
parently wish to discourage winter
If we must stay at home with a hot
water bottle and a red flannel around
our throat, we can at least praise
the fellow who does things. I be
lieve the Ad club made the trip in
the interest of publicity, wishing only
to demonstrate that our play grounds
are easily accessible and available in
winter, not aiming to prove that con
ditions are equal in both seasons, as
some have erroneously stated.
The trip was a success, the pro
gramme was carried out and enjoyed
an enjoyable snow-balling bout being
an added attraction, and I see no rea
son why we should not hats off and
join in three cheers frtr the Ad club!
Attack on Speech to Scout Y'oung
Camp Resented.
Popular Verdict Declared Often
Arbitrary and Unjust.
PORTLAND. Feb. 19. (To the Ed
itor.) It is not true, and never was
true, that the voice of the people is
the voice of God. It has never been
since the fall that the majority of
the human family were in. complete
harmony with the divine being so
that they could unerringly voice his
will. It never will be true while sin
Is in the world. " So that, as a moral
proposition, the voice of the people
is not and. in the very nature of the
case cannot, be the voice of God.
Nor could it be true even in a po
litical sense; for the will of the peo
ple is often arbitrary and unjust. It
is for this very reason that our fore
fathers established not a government
of men. but of law; not of chang
ing modes and tenses of human feel
ings, but of unchanging principles of
eternal right and justice. Thus, under
a just government, one man and the
law are the majority. The friend
less Individual can find a refuge in
the law. Public sentiment may be
inflamed against him. but not so the
law that guarantees him his day in
the court, and under its shadow he
is safe until legally condemned, even
though he be guilty.
Suppose it could be shown that a
majority of the people of this nation
or this city do want Sunday laws.
should congress H" the state legisla
ture force such religious legislation
on the people? We believe in a gov
ernment of the people, but back of
and superior to the people are the
eternal principles of justice ordained
by the creator himself, and. rccog-
PORTLAND, Feb. 19. (To the Edi
tor.) In The Oregonian of February
18 I note that Beryl A. Green has
written to District Attorney Evans
requesting prosecution of Mayor
George L. Baker for statements made
before a patriotic meeting held by
Scout Young camp No. 2, United
Spanish War Veterans, the night of
February 15 at library hall. I also
note that Mr. Evans has not consid
ered that the mayor has violated
the law of syndicalism in making
the statements credited to him.
It is time for men who have the
Interest of our country at heart to
wake UP to the fact that there Is a
class of people at large in the United
States who feel the broad liberties
of this republic give- them license
to criticise and condemn any man
or woman who demands these lib-
eit'es. be retained; who feel that the
unleashed passions of Europe should
he fostered here; that the unbridled
orgies of devastated Russia should
te released in a country where lib
erty is not merely a name; that free
speech granted under the constitu
tion or me unitea states means i
leeway to besmirch all that thou
sands of men and women have will
ingly sacrificed their lives to main
That Mayor Baker did advocate
that loyal Americans attend some
of these so-called "free speech'
gatherings in sufficient force to see
that proper observance is made of
all we hold sacred in our national
life meets with my approval. If loud
mouth defamers of our laws and cus
toms are going to claim exemption
fcr their utterances under the same
laws they seek to tear down, it is
time for men who have voluntarily
offered their lives to preserve these
laws abroad to see they are respected
at home.
I cannot speak for Scout Young
camp No. 2, United Spanish War
cterans, as a body, for there has
been no session of the camp to lay
this matter before them, but I do
speak as commander, and feel sure
that the camp will bear me out in
saying that Mayor Baker has our
Icyal support and backing, that his
untiring efforts for better American
ism in our city, the work he did dur
ing the trying times of the late war
and his unfailing endeavor to help
those whi returned from that war
to a place of self support deserve
more than this kind of an attack.
It might be a wise plan for those
who favor these "soviet" plans to
seek the country in which they are
lit vogue. I believe that Portland
contains a very large number of men
ami women who will stand about
so mu'.-h from those who don't like
our laws. R. A. SAWYER
with Fair Play that It takes no more
than the ordinary education possessed
by every citizen, for the teacher is
obliged to spend at least two years
beyond the high school, and if she is
working for the best it takes con
stant study to keep up with the
changes of methods and ideas in the
schools of today. This in itself is
all right, but the teacher must meet
the demands and in order to be able
to do so she must progress with the
times. This' takes both time and
money. Surely Fair Play will agree
that the teacher who is incessantly
studying and advancing is the one
who is in demand by school hoards,
and to fill this position takes more
than the average education possessed
by the majority of American citizens
of today.
Fair Play refutes his own state
ment when he says that during war
time teachers were employed who
were not good teachers and should
be fired now that the rush season is
over. If It takes only a common
education for a good teacher, all
must bo good teachers therefore
why this plea for the dismissal
the teacher who does not suit Fair
The average stenographer or clerk
having once qualified for her work
is not compelled to take magazines
is not obliged to follow any special
line of reading; is not compelled to
attend institutes at her own expense.
When her work is done she closes
her desk and goes home, leaving
business in the office. The slenog
rapher with a good high school edu
cation may be an expert business
woman in three years' time salary
ample $100 to $150. payable monthly
on3 master. If adapted to her work
no scolding or fault finding; work 12
months a year with vacation on full
pay. Who'd he a school teacher if
she did not love her work and love
children? The average employe is
by no means depndent upon the
whims of the employer. If she de
livers the goods the employer
This is a large world and there Is
ample room for Fair Play and Fair
Commercial Teacher.
Grade Teacher.
Indians Used to Ride Ponies
City to Sell Berries.
PORTLAND, Feb. 19. (To the Edi
tor.) We moved in from the country
in 1864. It had not been two years
since we came to Oregon. I suppose
there are many who remember the
fractional currency common in those
early times. There was 50 cents, 25
cents am even down to 10 cents in
paper money.
In those days considerable butter
was shipped in from California. We
could then buy very fine grapes raised
in California. We bought them in
f.O-pound boxes, the splehdld clusters
being packed In Sawdust. We had the
purple and white varieties.
In those times Indians came to
Portland to trade. The squaws rode
in on their ponies, carrying great
loads of huekleberries in baskets.
They traded for old clothing. This
was the time for my mother to dis
pose of the dresses and sunhonnets
we wore on the plains. Before we
started west she bought the heaviest
ginghams to wear on the long jour
ney and she was keeping Ihcm for
relics of our journey. They were
faded to a dingy brown.
The funny thing about those old
clothes was that my mother so often
dreamed of "dressing up" in them
and parading through the streets.
The things haunted her, as it were,
and she got rid of them and that
made several Klootchmen happy.
Those times we could buy the gen
uine golden syrup in three-gallon
kegs, and it was the real article,
thick ani light golden in color, no
comparison to that canned stuff we
buy now bearing different labels.
Then there were stumps and brush
all abou'- us when we lived on Fourth
street, between Hall and Harrison
streets, and we had board sidewalks
i,nd no st-eet lights out our way.
How Portland has changed!
President of Oregon Farm Bureau
Appeals to Members.
PORTLAND. Feb. 19. (To the Ed
itor.) I believe that I can speak for
all the farm bureaus of thti slate In
promising their hearty co-operation
In the China famine fund manage
ment's plan for obtaining and assem
bling home-grown ' foodstuffs from
Oregon's great surplus for shipment
to the starving famine sufferers In
That the starving millions of China
and of the near east must he saved If
possible is both a moral and Hn eco
nomic necessity. The world is con
fronted with a choice between two
conceptions of world government. One
of these Is the Idea that force Is the
ultimate solution of all difficulties;
that might makes right and the high
er types of civilization shall main
tain themselves by exploitation and
force. The other is that the higher
types are trustees for the benefit of
all weaker nations and that mora!
laws can no more be violated with
impunity than can natural laws.
ne jirst conception plunged th
wonu m:o mat bloody and terrible
war from which we have not yet en
tirely emerged. It has been tried and
found wanting. It is now up to the
followers ot the second and higher
and truer conception to rally every
where to support the great moral
ideal which must prevail if civiliza
tion is to endure.
The farmer should realize this
keenly because this is back of the
great agricultural movement. The
farm bureau in its declaration of
principles and In Its constitution
clearly recognizes this truth.
We firmly believe that the principle
of "Do unto others as you would have
others do unto you" must he estab
lished in boih government and busi
ness. Life is not founded on force or
material facts, hi-t upon Immutable
moral laws which can no more be
violated with Impunity than can nat
ural laws. One who injures his fel
low man injures himself and future
generations. The millions of China
rely on the great heart of America.
We must not fail.
Pres. Oregon State Farm Bureau.
Inaccuracies as to Lincoln.
PORTLAND, Feb. IS.. (To the Edi
tor.) In a well-deserved tribute to
the courteous treatment of patron")
of the city library by the attendants
there W. J. Peildiconl points out In
The Sunday Oregonian many historical
inaccuracies contained In a paragraph
which he quotes from "American An
niversaries," concerning Abraham
In this paragraph It Is stated thai
Lincoln "was raised to farm work in
Kentucky until he was 21 years old.
Th'n he removed to Macon county,
Illinois, and continued farm work. He
ran fur the legislature of Illinois, but
was beaten, lie ran iicalii and was
elected and re-elected twice."
This Is not all the quotation .Mr.
Pedillcoiil made but It contains Inac-
uracies of Importance that he seems
to have overlooked. I'r Lincoln s
father moved from Kentucky in IMU.
when Abraham was but 9 jears old.
and moved to Indiana not Illinois
, . . ....... I I .. A
to a little woonea seiiienu-iii cuucu
Pigeon creek. It was 14 years later
that the family moved to .Macon
county. Illinois.
Lincoln was a candidate tor me
Illinois legislature five times, defeated
the first lime. In 1S.12, and elected
four times afterward. JSJt-6-8 and
There ul'Pcars to be no excuse for
such mistakes as these, and those
pointed out by Mr. peddicord, in a
work put before the public fur gen
eral Information. T. I. Gi-.LIt.
Fear That Term Is Too Broad.
CORVALLIS, Or., Feb. 17. (To th.i
Editor.) The Oregiiinaii punnsnca in
part an outline of the proposed bonus
bill now being considered by thc.lea-
Isla t lire.
fi i.urt nf th s bill provides tna
all men who have received compensa
tion from the federal government In
amount equal to that provided by the
state bonus shall not he entitled to
cither cash or loan compensation un
der the present bill.
There are thousands of disabled
men who while In the hospitals or
out of hospitals recovering from dis
abilities were paid compensation, hut
who are now in need of some assist
ance whereby they may aisain get
started In life.
Why Is not the disabled man to
share with those who were more for
Cost of Producing Eggs and Pota
toes Held Above Market.
LEBANON, Or., Feb. 18. (To the
Editor.) Being that I am only a
gardener and truck grower, perhaps I
have no business keeping chickens. I
am paying $2 a bushel or $3.85 per 100
for the wheat they eat, so I will pre
sume it should be a Just penalty to
give me 25 cents or less a dozen for
the eggs I market.
I am beginning to appreciate (?) the
dealers' and consumers' regard (?) for
our welfare. We thank (?) you.
We also appreciate the stand you
are taking on potatoes. With the
average local yield the past season,
and the price of all our expenses as
Old Names Found Best.
CATHLAMUT, Wash., Feb. 17. (To
the Editor.) I have just been read
ing an article trom A. T. McDonald
of Payette. Idaho, under date of Feb
ruary 9, in regard to p rpctuatlng
pioneer names. Permit me to say,
"Them cres my sentiments tew." The
old names meant something. By all
means let them remain as they are,
so that we old-timers that wandered
through this old northwest a half a
century ago will know "Where we're
Why change the name, of "Sandy
road" any more than "Pilot Rock" or
"Emigrant Gap" or any other his
torical landmark? Let it be Sandy
road. Portland has many beautiful
spots with names that are typical of
her beauty as a city, but let us have
the old names that have a meaning.
Chances of Employ ment in Brazil.
CORVAIJIS. Feb. 15. (To the
Editor.) In a recent Issue of The
Oregonian there was an article on
"Brazil Factor In World Trade."
Statements were made in regard to
the possibilities of obtaining viuploy
mtnt in the transportation and agri
cultural line. At present 1 am a stu
dent in agriculture at O- A. C. and
have also had considerable study tn
transportation. Could you give rre
as to
nation in regard to whom -4
H nnnlv fi-ir further Inftiiniil lmi I
obtaining employment there? V
F. R. H. N.
Write to the Brazilian consul, fcai
Frauclsco, Cal.