The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current, February 06, 1921, SECTION SIX, Page 6, Image 74

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UL IP ' L' U L I
ULIliu JlrllHUrinUimJ
Plan of Big Advantage
Owners of Cars. ,
made from a piece of solid rubber,
I a little smaller than the filler hole
I Itself. Through the center of this
I rubber a hole is cut and a bolt is in-
serted with the nut end up. When
the nut is tightened the rubber Is
expanded, effectually plugging: 'ha
hole. If the fuel system is graviry
or vacuum a hole must be bored
through the nut to admit a little air,
but with the pressure system there
must be no hole.
Purchaser of Automobile Should
Know That the Best Material
Is Cheapest in Long Run.
Member Society Automotive Engineers.
Within the past few years there has
come to be a sort of basic standard in
automobile bodies and tops, so that a
car of this year's vintage does not
look "greatly different from one buift
two or three years ago, except as re
gards the shabbiness of its finish.
This works out to the advantage of
the car owner, in that he can, as need
arises, renew top and curtains or a "
other part of the upper works and
have practically a new vehicle. As
far as the body goes, it is simply a
question of sending it to the paint
ehop and having it refinished In
whatever color or colors one fancies.
For the top, the problem is a little
more complex, because there are a
number of different materials that
may t - used and it, may be of inter
est to the car owner to review the
possibilities along this line.
In the first place, the car owner
should know that the best materials
that can be put into the top and the
best workmanship will make the total
cost only slightly above that of poor
material and unskilled labor. Indeed
for the man who possesses a little
sk'ill in mechanics it is possible to get
a top covering already cut to fit the
framework of the top that is fitted
on the car and himself put it on. But
the problem in either case comes
down to the material to be used.
Material Mont Not Spot.
For the service to be demanded of
it, the top material must r.ot spot or
atain easily, it must not fade readily
nor become lusterlcss. It must not
absorb dust and it must be easy to
clean. Of course, it must shed water.
The tops used in the early days
were either of leather, which serves
very well, but is expensive, or of
heavy water-proofed duck. This lat
ter material has many drawbacks and
Is not generally used today because
we found a number of other material!
that serve the purpose better, with
out adding greatly to the cost.
Of the cloth top materials mohair ia
perhaps the most popular. This cloth
has a sort of lustrous surface and It
sheds water very well. It has the
disadvantage of fading ra'hi-r badly
and absorbs grease and dust. Fre
quent folding gradually wrinkles this
material, and in some cases it is also
subject to shrinking. The latter con
dition is a serious failing, because it
means that the top is going to be
pulled out of shape, the curtains be
come too small to fit the fasteners
that are intended to hold them in
place and the result is ed.fying.
The leather top of other days is not
much used now, for the simple reason
that its cost is prohibitive. Also,
leather is not altogether adapted to
resisting the changes of temperature
to which the top is subjected. The
leather loses its resiliency and tends
to crack under the constant folding
and creasing.
Smooth Service Developed.
Within the past few years a number
of materials have been develdped
which have a smooth surface, which
dirt and dust cannot penetrate and
which grease does not stain. These
are the type commonly referred ro as
imitation leather. They really par
take more of the nature of oilcloth.
They are smooth surfaced, glossy.
with the surface grained to resemble
leathers of various sorts. There Is
rubber or a similar compound in their
coating, which makes them water
proof. By the nature of their com
pounding they are very flexible, so
that the creasing and folding neces
sary do not wear them out nor cause
them to crack as real leather does.
These materials do not fade, so that
it takes longer for them to become
It is a good idea when the job of
doing over the top is under way to
have an envelope made for housing
the top when it is down. This will
naturally be of the same material as
the top itself, and the leather imita
tions spoken of before are particu
larly useful here, as the top cover is
certain to get more or less mud and
grease on it.
In cases where the top is of the
"Springfield" type, that is to say, per
manent, it requires refinishing after a
certain amount of service, just as the
ordinary cape tops do. This may be
done in one of the leather imitations;
in fact, it usually is.
By the time that a top has gotten
so shabby that it needs doing over,
the chances are that the upholstery
of the car will be in need of similar
attentions. In the case of the imi
tation leather tops it is possible to
have the seats upholstered in exactly
the same material and color' as the
Car Owners Advised.
Car owners should te very careful
in one respect, and that is in making
a change of color of top or uphol
stery. The interior trim, door linings,
kick pads, pockets, etc., must be
changed to harmonize with the new
shade. In connection with the up
holstery it is worth noting that there
are a number of combinations to
choose from, as well as solid colors.
Of course, Spanish leather of the best
grade is unapproachable for this pur
pose, and split leather in the better
i grades is very serviceable and at
tractive. Imitation leathers are next
best; in fact they are very much su
perior to a poor grade of leather.
A word as to the upkeep of top and
curtains may not be amiss, since care
in this respect will postpone the in
evitable day of replacement. A brisk
brushing with a stiff whiskbroom
should be given top and curtains at
least once every week.. This serves
to keep the dust out of the material.
This same applies to the upholstery.
For washing the top the best medium
is castile soapsuds and water applied
with a generous allowance of elbow
grease. The material should then be
rinsed in lukewarm water. Most of
the top materials have rubber in their
composition, wh'ch means that gaso
line should not be used for cleaning
them. This is a point to be noted, as
It is a mistake very commonly made
by car owners, even by those who
are not n:w at the game.
In conclusion, let me emphasise that
in top replacement the very best costs
so little more than the poorest and
yet gives many times the service that
only the best should be considered.
Patronise a well-established and reli
able top maker, or if you are going to
do the work yourself, buy a ready
made top of a well-known material.
There is never any real saving in
trying to cut down the first cost.
Emergency Tank Ping.
An emergency plug to fit the filler
hole of the gasoline tank ma be
Beauty of Good Looking Car Some
times Spoiled by "Footwear."
' Shabby tires on a good-looking car!
Yet stand on any street corner today
and count the number of patched-up,
dilapidated tires which are being used
to the last mile. The cost of keeping
these tires running for a few thou
sand miles would nearly pay for new
ones. Mileage such as this comes
Tire conservation does not mean
picking up a decrepit tire and putting
It back into service at a big repair
cost just to save a little rubber left
in the tread. It means taking care of
the tire from the first, so that it will
be able to deliver all the mileage built
into it by the maker. When tires are
so far worn that they are soon to
I blow it 's poor economy to repair
them. Such a course means sacrifice
ot the inner tube as well.
Direct Gas Maker Said to Be Re
vised Wlvicli Would Do Away
With Carburetor.
INDIANAPOLIS, Feb. 6. It has re
mained for an Indianapolis man to
accomplish the "impossible," to do
what engineers have declared repeat
edly could not be done to design a
device for making gas direct from
gasoline, this gas taking the place of
the present mixture of air and di
vided particles of gasoline and doing
away with the carburetor and attend
ant troubles.
The Hoosier who, it is claimed, has
developed this direct gas-making de
vice is Ira T. Swartz, president of the
Swartz Electric company, and the in
vention is the result of over ten years'
The Swartz gasserT as it is called,
is an entire departure from the car
buretor principle in that it supplies
real gas instead of the more or less
"rich mixture," and, when combined
with the "proper proportion of air,
forms an explosive compound which
To fully enjoy the thrill and sport I develops 100 per cent more power per
gines. but also to all types of station
ary internal combustion engines, to
employment by submarines and air
planes and to the production of an
economical source of gas for domes
tic heating, lighting and cooking.
Dealer Is Optimistic After Tour or
, Entire State.
during a period covering several
months have business conditions been
so universally good throughout this
state. This is the conclusion arrived
at by E. G. Bernthal, San Francisco
branch manager . for the California
Oakland Motor company, Oakland dis
tributors for this state. Bernthal has
Just completed a tour of his entire
territory and nas returned home in a
more optimistic frame of mind than
has been possible for months past.
Places where business has been
only fair are now doing what prom
ises soon to develop inrto a real
"boom-times" business. Dealers wh
were located In sections that felt the
pinch of "hard times." due to local
croD conditions and the general finan
cial trend, are now happily recovered
and are functioning quite normally,
Bernthal reports.
"Prosperity is on its way, and the
year 1921 promises to be one of the
most substantial the automobile in-
I I vr::;:::::.'-I ::, . OT. " wJWW "
ft "
The above battery service station was recently opened by Harper-Burg, Inc., Willard battery representatives In
Portland, and is known as Portland Willard station No. 4. The station, which is to serve Sellwood motorists, is a
direct branch of the Harper-Burg organization and is under the direction of Jack Fosdick, formerly shop man for
the company. .
of winter driving, according to W. J.
.Yicuauum, manager oi me .orinwest
Auto company, distrbutors for Miller
tires, the motorist should look well
to his tire equipment. Good tires and
those of standard make are the best
insurance against the roadside emer
gency on frosty winter nights.
gallon of gasoline .consumed, it is
cis imed.
The gasser is the first successful
attempt to utilize both the volatile
and the heavier constituents of gaso
line concurrently. It consists of a
metal gasoline reservoir connected
with the main gasoline tank by an or-
the reservoir forms a gas dome which
opens into the intake manifold with
an improved automatic auxiliary air
OWNERS AND MECHANICS SWAP' f A th Piston falls on the intake
Biiwnc n umwB mis gas irom tne
dustry, for one, has ever known," the
Oakland executive declares.
"The upward trend, marked by re
newed buying at every point, is dis
tinctly more pronounced this week
than it has been since the first cf
the year, and for that matter for sev
eral months before that. Not only
jjnnr.. fc.A nlna ,'i,H n fi.., . , a v wuuuiuua mciciy rcucveu, uui
of the' usual construction! The Top of 7 w U '"r" f i! 0f heal'h
ocuci uuoiueaa cuuui-
tions are here to stay."
How often you hear it said, "They don't build motor cars as good as
they used to. Now you take that old Wheezecat that I owned," etc., etc.
Strange how quickly we forget our troubles. In one sense of the word
it is true that cars are not built like they used to be, and t's a blessed good
thing they are not.
Stop a moment and think of the number of cars you have seen stalled
on account of car trouble during the past year and then think back a few
years and remember when motorists used to wear old clothes in anticipa
tion of trouble.
We don't know a great deal about cars that are sold by other folks, but
we assume that what is true of the lines we sell is also true of others, and
it is a provable fact that the Mitchell, Jordan and Briscoe Motor Com
panies have never built such good cars as they are building today. Cars
of quiet, smooth-running mechanism. Cars of greatly improved riding
qualities, wonderfully easy to handle, of increased comfort by reason of
better cushions correctly formed and upholstered. Cars possessed of
charming appearance, of durable and tasty finish.
As a matter of fact, cars of today at today's prices are the greatest
values mbtordom has ever offered. If you would make a comparison of
the difference between present cars and the old, make this test: Next time
you see a Jordan on a level street or on our sales floor, put it in neutral
gear and see how freely it rolls. A child can put it in motion.
Newspapers and Topics of tlie Day
Furnish Amusing Field for
Motor Driver.
The great automobile driving pub
lic often meets at that forum of gaso
line gossip the garage. The motor
ist who is a good sportsman does not
mind a trip now and then for a few
repairs. He realizes the importance
of keeping his machine in tip-top
trim. But to hear some flivver own
ers talk one would be led to imagine
that a garage is a good place to keep
away from. In reality, all reliable ga
rages aim to render "service that
makes friends." It is not only the
good service that makes friends, but
the cheerful conversation between the
mechanics and the patrons who swap
stories about cars and experiences.
Many humorous gags and giggles told
in garages reach print in the daily
newspapers and appear on the motion
picture screen in "Topics of the Day"
films. Whether you ride in a motor
vehicle as a driver, mechanic or guest
you're pretty sure to find something
funny catalogued below:
Auto rule No. 1 Newlyrich: "I'm
getting an automobile. What is the
first thing one ought to learn about
running it?" Wiseacre: "The tele
phone number of the nearest repair
shop." Boston Transcript.
The time to buy a used car is just
before you move, so people in the new
neighborhood will think you were the
one who used it. Kansas City Star.
"Tommy, can you spell?"
"Sure. I can even spell words of
four cylinders." Motor Life.
dome into the cylinder. At the same
time it draws through a needle valve,
from the 'bottom of the reservoir, a
small amount of the heavier and less
volatile fluid, which goes over with
the gas and Is. exploded with it in the
cylinder. By a simple adjustment the
proportion of volatile and nonvolatile
materials Is regulated so . that the
varying grades of gasoline can be
used without any possibility of an ac
cumulation of residlum. As the gas
is drawn from the dome by the action
of the piston head there is a vacuum
created above the surface of the gas
oline and this vacuum is replaced
with hot air from an exhaust mani
fold air heater, which surges into and
through the gasoline reservoir from
beneath and by means of heat and
violent agitation accelerates the for
mation of the gas in the dome.
There are three fundamental prin
ciples involved in the operation of the
gasser. First, by putting the gaso
line under a vacuum instead of at
mospheric pressure the evolution of
the gas is accelerated. Next, reliev
ing of this vacuum by means of a
current of hot air but only agitates
it and this in turn increases the evo
lution of the gas. Third, the residue
which under ordinary conditions rap
idly accumulates. Is carried away as
rapidly as it collects by means of the
needle valve. In fact, there is no res
idue at any. time because it is used
concurrently with the gas evolved
from the surface of the gasoline.
The perfection of the Swartz gasser
is the result of ten years' experiment
ing in the laboratory of the Swartz
Electric company. Associated with
Mr. swartz nas been A. n. weaver, a
graduate of Purdue university, who
spent more than two years overseas
as an American flier. The possibilities
of the gasser, if successful, can only
be conjectured, inasmuch as it is ap
plicable not only to automobile en-
Pendleton Men to Send Secretary
Over Roads as Scout.
PENDLETON, Or., Feb. 5. (Spe
cial.) Complete organization of the
Eastern .Oregon Auto club was ef
fected at a meeting here of 50 auto
mobile men and owners last Tuesday
night. Officers were elected and de
velopment plans considered.
David H. Nelson was elected presi
dent of the club, Robert Simpson
vice-president and Rex Ellis secretary-treasurer.
The board of man
agers elected is composed of Pat
Lonergan. J. B. Night, Clyde McRay,
Earl Tullock, Roy Ritner, Ed Murphy
and L. L. Rogers.
The club proposes to hire a secre
tary who will travel over the roads
of this territory to keep in touch with
tourist problems, and to get first
hand information for the office which
will be conducted here.
Best Water for Radiator.
Do not forget that the very best
water with which to fill up the cool
ing system is rain water or water
Mitchell and Jordan Sixes Briscoe Fours Jumbo Trucks
made by melting snow. This is what
is known as "soft water," which
means that It is free from mineral
constituents, which are deposited on
.the pipes and jackets from ordinary
Stock Company Covers California
With Car and Trailer.
A brand new variety of "motor
stage transportation" is reported
from southern California. TJiis time
it is the legitimate stage that a Reo
speed wagon transports. The Tra
hern circuit stock company, with
headquarters at Anaheim, plays two
nights in that city and the five nights
at as many near-by towns. A bus
body on the Reo carries the 15 mem
bers of the organization and a sturdy
trailer behind has the scenery and
the "props" loaded upon it. Each
night after the performance the Reo
brings the entire outfit back to Ana
heim in quick time.
Al Trahern, originator of the
scheme, is meeting with great suc
cess and declares his system makes
the one-night stand in the small town
a paying proposition, as well as an
enjoyable life for his company, who
make their permanent residence in
- Useful Clamp.
"A very useful article to have in
the tool box is the type of clamp
variously known as a C clamp or a
U clamp. There are numberless uses
for the part, but possibly Its greatest
value is to hold a large monkey-
wrench to the running board, the
wrench acting as a vise. The clamp
takes up little room in the tool box,
costs so little and is so very useful
when Its time does corns that every
car owner ought to have one.
Testing Wheels.
Every car owner ought to make a
practice of testing the wheels for side
play at least three our four times a
year. Side play performs a doubly
vicious role, for it causes excessive
bearing wear and tire wear as well.
If the motorist will Jack up each
wheel in turn and grasping It firmly,
push and pull It, any side motion
will be readily apparent. In many
cases wheel bearings are adjustable
to care for just such trouble.
Don't fall to realize that driving
downtown is a mans size job and
requires your full attention,
There never was a time in the history of
American business when the reputation for
producing a sound product meant so much
as now. Men are weighing, as never be
fore, the value of every dollar against what
that dollar will buy. The Garford truck
is a good truck because the Garford Com
pany is a good company, an institution built
up on the intent to deliver Low Cost Ton
Mile. Garford Oregon
Motor Sales Co.
William Cornfoot, President.
8th & Davis Sts., Portland, Or., Bdwy.4178.
William C. Jacklin
BuiElfiiTSfEU ,
I That the lightness of the Business 1
Car is united to great strength Jj
is proven by the splendid service
j j it is rendering everywhere under j
! widely varying conditions.
j The lightness of the car keeps the j
. gas and oil costs down, and its
HI sound construction renders repairs j
ii infrequent. , j
Washington at Twenty-first Jj