The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current, January 02, 1921, Section One, Page 8, Image 8

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Leaders of Organizations Set
Forth Principles.
.National Commander of ex-Service
Men and President Gonipcrs
Clear Cp Hazy Questions.
INDIANAPOLIS. Ind., Jan. 1. Cor
respondence between F. W. Galbraith
Jr.. national commander of the Amer
ican Legion, and Samuel Gompers.
president of the American Federatioi.
of Labor, has been made public at
the national headquarters of the
legion. The letters, which continue
an exchange begun before Mr. Gal
braith took office, reveal the two ex
ecutives in accord on the principle
that an organisation, as such, scarce
ly can be held responsible for acts
of individual members, which may
not agree with either the letter or
the spirit of the body's official pro
nouncements. Each of the correspond
ents expressed the hope that they
might meet and talk over the prob
lems confronting them.
The first letter was written by Mr.
Galbraith November ! in response to
one which Mr. Gompers had sent to
Franklin D'Olier, former commander
of the legion, last August. The labor
leader had called attention to reports
that 'members of the American
Legion were improperly participating
in certain political activities in th
state of Kansas." and Mr. Galbraith
wrote that a reply had been delayed
because he needed time to familiarize
himself with the situation.
Legion Did Not Participate.
"As a result of an investigation the
officials of the American Legion in
Kansas report that the American
Legion did not participate as such in
the incidents reported to you. If any
members of the American Legion did
take part in any of these reported
incidents, it was entirely upon their
own responsibility, without sanction
from anv official "f the American
Legion and in violation of our ex
pressed policy," he added.
"As you know, the American Legion
is an association of former soldiers,
sailors and marines associated for
the following purposes:
"To uphold and defend the con
stitution of the United States of
America: to maintain law and order
to foster and perpetuate 100 per cent
Americanism; to preserve the mem
orles and incidents of our association
In the great war; to Inculcate a sense
of individual obligation to the com
munity, state and aatlon; to combat
the autocracy of both the cl-sses and
the masses; to make right t!ie master
of might: to promote peace and good
will on earth: to safeguard and trans
mit to posterity the principles of jus
tice, freedom and democracy; to con
secrate anil sanctify our comradeship
by our devotion to mutual helpfulness.
Nonpartisan in Polities.
"The position of the American
Legion in political controversies is
neutral and nonpartisan. We are on
record in favor of policies and are
not interested in political differences
as they arise in the different sections
of the country.
"In a great national organisation
it is necessary th the individual
members retain to themselves the
greatest freedom in matters of politi
cal affiliation, religion, etc., and that
they decide upon their own conduct
along these lines strictly In accord
ance with their own conscience.
"Two successive conventions of ttae
American Legion have unqualifiedly
upheld and reiterated this policy. The
people of the United States have the
right to decide for themselves any
political question which may come
before them. The American Legion
does not believe in the abridgement
of this right in any respect. The
American Legion believes In law and
order. It is steadfastly opposed to the
use of force or violence in further
ance of any doctrine and will oppose
such methods through the lawfully
constituted authorities wherever they
may appear.
Alma May Be Miajndired.
"No one knows more truly than do
you that the aims and attitude of a
great national association may often
be misjudged by tha irresponsible con
duct or statements of individual mem
bers of the association or by small
groups of members, and that It some
times unfortunately occurs that the
newspaper reports of such incidents
or statements are not strictly ac
curate reports of the facts and cir
cumstances as they occurred. Inci
dents of this nature cannot commit
a national organisation to policies or
positions in conflict with the policies
and positions taken by such an as
, sociatlon at its conventions or aa
set forth in its constitution."
Replying a eek later, Mr. Gom
pers wrote:
"It is indeed gratifying to know
that you have taken the same stand
as your predecessor. Franklin D'Ol
ier, and are just as much In earnest
as was he in conserving the good
name of the American Legion. I
would ask you if there is anything
In the following declaration by the
American Federation of Labor con
vention in 1910 to whicb the Ameri
can Legion can object:
Contentions of Labor Shown.
"'Organized labor contends for the
irarrrovement of the standard of life.
to uproot ignorance and foster ed- j
ucation. to Instill character and man- ,
i a I j t anlrlt 1
1IVUU U II U ll (uucijiuii4.
among our people, to bring about a
recognition of the interdependence of
the modern life of man and his fellow-man.
It claims to establish a
normal workday, take the children
from the factory and the workshop
and place them in the school, the
home and playground. In a word,
the unions of labor, recognizing the
duty of toll, strive to educate their
members, to make their homes more
cheerful in every way. to contribute
an earnest effort toward making
life the better worth living, to avail
their members of their rights as cit
izens and to bear the duties and re
sponsibilities and perform the obli
gations they owe to our country and
our fellow-men. Labor contends that
in every effont to achieve its praise
worthy ends all honorable and lawful
means are not only commendable but
should receive the sympathetic sup
port of every right-thinking progres
sive man.'
"Ton undoubtedly will find that
members of the American Legion,
outside of a few, are like the mem
bers of other organizations; they
don't know the real purpose espe
cially for which an organization is
formed. New organizations especial
ly find it difficult to restrain their
members from doing those things
which are a menace not only to them
but to all the people.
Trade Union Movement.
"I have been helpful in a way in
acquainting the members of trade
unions with real aims and objects of
the American Legion. On several oc
casions resolutions that have been
presented in meetings of labor or
ganizations have been laid on the
table or defeated because of the Infor
mation they have received through
me in relation to the work of the
American Legion. Many of your mem
bers do not understand the trade
union movement and have been mis
led as to the work of the American
Federation of Labor, and it is my be
lief that if they knew the real ob
ject of the American Federation of
Labor as outlined at the 1910 con
vention, it would also be an Influence
causjng individuals to cease inter
fering in any way with the trade
"Permit me to congratulate you in
your election as national commander
of the American Legion. I hope that
some day I shall have the pleasure
of meeting you personally and dis
cussing the problems faced by both
The reply of Mr. Galbraith, dated
November 27, said that it was "with
a real sense of pride in the funda
mental soundness of our American
institutions and as renewed proof
thereof that I read again the Ameri
can Federation of Labor's declaration
of 1910.
Industry Brings Millions to
Mills and Camps.
Problem Appear Identical.
"Is there anything in that declara
tion to which the American Legion
can object you ask. Certainly not.
The Legion subscribes to every, word
of it. Compare it to the preamble of
the constitution of our organization.
But, as you and I both must be
aware, it is one thing for a great or
ganization like the American Legion
or the American Federation of Labor
to aspire to lofty alms and in con
ventions assembled give birth to ex
cellent pronouncements; and it is
another thing for such organizations
to go out and In the dally acts and
deliberations of its individual mem
bers and small groups always adhere
to such declarations
"In this respect the problems of
the respective organizations we rep
resent appear to be the same. We
have before us constantly the task
of living up to our professed decla
rations in letter and spirit. I venture
the same may be said of organized
"I shall look forward with pleas
ure to the time when we may meet
and personally discuss some of the
phases of our common problem."
Tragedy Becomes Comedy
Behind Scenes.
Othello Strangles Deademona in a
Marry So She Can Cateh Her
UDAPEST, Jan. 1. The exigency
of a commuter desiring to catch
the last train for a suburb compelled
Othello to stifle Desdemona with ex
traordinary dispatch in the presenta
tion of Shakespeare's tragedy at the
National theater the other night.
Emily Markus. the first tragic actress
of thiB country, who was playing
Desdemona. lives just outside of this
city and has to catch the last train
So when Othello burst into Desde
mona's bed chamber to declaim his
passionate monologue before he sti
fled her, the audience was amazed to
see that the Moor of Venice was ap
parently so furious that he could
find no words to express his passion,
and Desdemona was smothered before
the spectators had time to shudder.
Afterward it was learned that Miss
Markus had whispered Into the ear of
the outraged Othello: "Please stran
gle me quickly. If you are going to
cackle your soliloquy I will lose my
last train."
So the kind-hearted Moor complied
with the last wish of the doomed
S. H. tfreen
Holman Fuel Co
stamps ror cash.
Main 353. 560-21
See Page 13.
This Section.
Do You Need Cash?
We require reliable merchandise in the follow
ing lines for immediate bargain selling:
Wash Goods
Boys' Clothing
Knit Underwear
No stock too large or too small if the price
is right ! !
Write, Wire or Telephone
The Bon Marche Bargain Basement
Seattle, Washington
Year's Timber Cat of District Has
374.000.000 Feet; More Than
97,000,000 Paid Workers.
ASTORIA. Or., Jan. 1. (Special.)
The lumber industry is one of the
most Important revenue producers In
the district of which Astoria ie the
commercial center. Especially is this
crue in tne amount of money ex
pended for labor. During the 12
months, ended Friday night, the mills
and logging camps in this immediate
district distributed more than 7,000.
000 among the workers employed by
them, as well as immense sums among
merchants and others for supplies.
In the same period the local mills
cut 374,000,000 feet of lumber. Some
of this product brings only small
prices, while the choice grades sell
at high rates. A fair average of the
price at the mills is $35 a thousand
feet, so the cut of the local plants
during tne past IS months brought
the sum of 113,090,000 into Clatsop
Lumber Output Big One.
The lumber cuts, in feet, by the
individual mills during the year were
as follows:
Astoria Box comranr 20.CO0.00O
Astoria Lumber company 5,000.000
Crossett-Western Lumber com
pany 67,000.000
Hammond Lumber company. .. .120.000.000
ivnappion Mill & Lumber Co.... I'VWhmhxi
Prouty Lumber & Box company. 10.000.000
VWstDort Lumber comD&nv SO.oon rto
Warrenton Lumber company . . . 8.000.000
Clatsop Lumber Mills 24.0O0.0Oj
tveuy Luraoer company d.ouo.vou
Total 874.000.000
During the year the lumber mills
expended the sum of $3,600,000 for
labor, the payrolls of the individual
plants being:
Astoria Box company
Astoria Lumber company
Crosselt-Western Lumber com
pany Hammond Lumber company
Knappton Mill & Lumber Co
Clatsop Lumber Mills
Prouty Lvmber company
Warrenton Lumber company
Westport Lumber company
Kelly Lumber company
Total IS.600.0O0
Camps Get Huge Total.
The payrolls of the several log
ging camps In the district in 1920
amounted to approximately $4,030,000,
and the amounts distributed at the
carious camps were:
Croseett Timber company $ 350.000
m . mmoer company 4.' ooo
Brix Louring company 44XUKW
racmc Logging company
.North Bank Logging company ..
Larkin-Oreen Logging comoanv.
Potter 8t Cheater 200,000
Crown-Willamette company 35i'kmi
H. E. Noble 100,000
Kinney Timber company 100.000
California Barrel company 200.000
Big Creek Logging company SOO.oOo
Prouty Lumber company 80.000
saddle Mountain company ZOO. OOO
Lewis A Malone
Smaller camps 200.000
Total $4,030,000
Phone your want ads to The Ore
gonian. Main 7070, Automatic 560-95.
Phegley & Cavender's Clearance Sale
Is at Its Best Now
This is not a sale of odd lots, but the reductions quoted here cover our entire
stock, which means that you have 2000 Suits and Overcoats to select from at
these savings. Buy now while our assortment is complete.
suit or
Now $30.00
Now $33.35
Now $36.65
Now $40.00
Now $19.50
Now $43.35
Now $46.65
Now $50.00
Now $60.00
The Phegley & Cavender Label Has Always Stood
for Satisfaction and a Guarantee of Best Values
Phegley & Cavender
Harry A. Stroud, special agent of Associated Press he discredited the that, the agent said, the Waupun mente befoie and after his convic
-the department of justice, told the I responsibility of Lundblad's word in I prisoner made "many weird state- I lion in Milwaukee last October.
Prisoner at Wisconsin Penitentiary
Says He Could Throw Light
on Gotham Disaster.
MILWAUKEE, Wis., Jan. L Gio
vanni Costello, Italian radical and
ex-convict, has been named by Eric
Lundblad, prisoner at Waupun peni
tentiary, as having possible knowl
edge of the Wall-street explosion in
which more than 30 persons were
killed and many injured a few months
ago, federal authorities announced
Friday. ,
i a .pi u m
H m fm
Sunday Dinner $1.25
Cream of Chicken Corn Soup, or
Chicken Broth in Cup
Celery Ripe Olives
Choice of
Head Lettuce, Roquefort Dressing:, or
Shrimp Salad
Choice of
Leg of Spring Lamb, Mint Sauce
Roast Prime Ribs au Jus
Roast Turkey with Cranberry Sauce
Roast Leg of Veal, Dressing
Roast Young Chicken, Giblet Sauce
Baked or Mashed Potatoes
Choice of
Stringless Beans Creamed Cauliflower
Lima Beans, Buttered Asparagus on Toast
Rolls or Bread and Butter
French Pastry, Pudding, Ice Cream or choice of Pie
Tea Coffee Hot Chocolate Milk
Hazelwood Plate Dinner 75c
Cream of Chicken Com Soup
Choice of Salmon, Halibut or
Chicken Fricassee with Noodles or
, Roast Veal with Dressing
Stringless Beans, Creamed Cauliflower
Mashed or Baked Potatoes
Choice of Pie, Pudding or Ice Cream
Tea Coffee Milk or Buttermilk
Hazelwood Vegetable Dinner 40c
Baked Sweet Potatoes
Creamed Cauliflower Lima Beans
Asparagus on Toast
Bread and Butter
Tea Coffee or Milk
388 Washington St.
127 Broadway
ALL the girls called him "Burglar Proof"
because he wouldn't spend. He was a
human thrift stamp! Whenever he got a
dollar he taught it to play dead.
BUT one night he met a beautiful dancing
baby lamb, and she brought a look to his
eyes as if someone had put something in his
J ES, that dizzy night he slipped and then
it was a shame the way that man spent
lucre. He had a wild old time catching up.
Leads his popular oreheatra In
another splendid neconipanlment
and Intermisalon Concert .Vnmher.
Prlml'a "Firefly," Introducing
G I a n n I tt a
M I a," "A
W o m n n '
Love Is Like
CHESTER SCENIC: "Adam and Eve in the Andes"-