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About The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current | View Entire Issue (July 11, 1920)
TIIE SUNDAY OREGONIAN, TORTLAXD, JULY 11, 1920
TRADE OF EUROPE
N BhiTAIH SbRIP
Gigantic Commercial Net
PORTS ARE CONTROLLED
Politically and Financially, Prefer
erably Doth, England Seeks
to Fasten Its Hold.
BT ARNO DOSCH-FLEUROT.
(COpyrleM by th New Tork World. Pub
lished by Arrangement.)
DANZIO. July 10. (Special Cable.)
This is the British port of Danzle
It used to bo a German port, and the
peace conference decided It should
be a Polish port; but, as a matter of
fact. It has somehow come to be an
outpost of the British empire. It is a
link in the chain of ports whereby
the British empire is drawing its
"red line" about Europe.
For the British Empire has set
about the commercial conquest of Eu
rope, and is proceeding with usual
British assurance. It Is treating Eu
rope commercially just as in earlier
periods it treated Asia and Africa. It
is a." new great stretch of. territory to
be brought under the British corn
British business, diplomacy and
arms are working steadily together
toward this common end to increase
the power and importance of the Brit
ish Empire. While Americana are
running about the face of Europe on
every concelrable variety of charita
ble and humanitarian errand, the
British are sticking to business, and
they are getting what they want.
Britain is, in fact, throwing so
wide a net over Europe that . the
origin of the meshes and their im
portance one to another are not
always apparent, but there are points,
such as Danzig, where -any one can
see what is going on. Only the
boldness and assurance of the im
perial move, - and the imagination
with which it is being carried ont.
make it difficult to believe that the
plan Is as big as it really is.
British One Idea Is Trade.
The plan Is real enough, and If it
is ucceedfrig it is because the British
formed a policy, backed it with their
money, and went to work on it as a
nation. Kor the British have always
realised what other nations are now
being compelled to see, that the
way to get big results in interna
tional trade is to make the foreign
office work for the extension of the
trade empire. Here in Danzig it
cannot be doubted that the British
Foreign Office, as represented in the
league of nations, has lust one idea
British trade. It is dollar diplo
macy, and they make no bones
The first and most important con
sideration is the "red line." All' the
porta of Europe must be under Brit
ish control, either politically or fi
nancially, preferably both. The
Baltic has become a British sea. AS
far as the British policy Is con
cerned all the smaller states that
have been formed along the edge of
the old Rupslan Empire are merely
free ports for a future reconstructed
Russia, and, as "free ports," they are,
like Danzig, each to be a British
Take Revel. Tt is the capital of
Esthonia, a small farming country of
no great Importance. But its port Is
an Important Russian port. In the
general straightening outeof things
it is again going to be the shipping
point for a great stretch of Russia.
When the Danes first built Reval It
a trsdlpg point with Russia, and
the British are going to use it to the
same end in the future.
British commercial interests at
nailing down everything of value in
Esthonia, and the Esthonians are
grateful to them for aoing it.. When
I was in Reval, a few weeks ago,
something happened to show how
things were going. At that time
Reval was full of flax buyers of all
nations, but most of them were only
able to get small lots smuggled over
from the Pskoff region of Russia.
Esthonia itself had no flax for sale.
One British firm had 'bought it all,
and next year's crop as well. I asked
how the Britieh succeeded in getting
such a monopoly, and was pointed
out a cargo steamer which had Just
come into the almost deserted port.
The ship, I was told, was full of
fertilizer necessary to the Esthonian
flax grower. Neither the growers
nor the government could afford to
buy fertilizer from abroad, but one
British firm. Malcomb & Co., had
agreed to supply all the fertilizer
and take payment next year or the
year after in flax. No ordinary buyer
could compete against such broad
gauge business methods. As flax is
about the most important product of
Esthonia, this one deal, mad by one
inconspicuous British firm, gave the
British government a hold over
Esthonia which will prove very use
ful in getting special harbor priv
ileges, etc., when the time comes for
making Reval a Russian port again.
Riga is in the same position. It Us
an important port, with a fairly small
country behind it. Riga can exist as
a great port only by creating a free
harbor for Russian trade and the
Letts are preparing to do this. The
same thing is true of Libau. In both
ports a number of British firms, par
ticularly the British Baltic corpora
tion, are getting ready for the recom
mencement of trade with Russia.
Danzig lis the next important, and
perhaps the most important, of the
chain. It is a story In Itself and in
a separate article I shall show how
this "free" port Is going to play its
part in the British "red line."
Scheme exalte Apparent.
On the other side of Europe the
general scheme is even more appar
ent. With the British at Gibraltar,
Suez and, by their own recent ini
tiative at Constantinople, the Medi
terranean is a British pond, and so
of course, is the Black Sea, which
gives Odessa and Batoum and all
the rich Black- Sea littoral to British
control. It Is grandiose, but not
too much so for the general plan
Not content with having a hand on
an encircling line of ports, British
firms have also bought up all the im
portant steamer and freight lines on
the Danube. No more effective means
could have been found for preventing
any future Mitteleuropa ideas. If the
British foreign office works for Brit
ish trade, British trade returns the
Months ago a high British naval
officer said something to me at Buda
pest which I am just beginning to
appreciate. He said:
"Tou know even France is getting
to be something of a British protec
torate." It struck me at the time as British
swank, but it is becoming apparent
now that the whole of Europe is be
ginning to have somewhat that as
pect. It is certainly true commer
cially. Here is a case:
' American cotton manufacturing in
terests, representing all the money
that might be needed, recently sent
a committee to Central Europe to look
over the possibility of pooling all the
cotton manufacturing interests that
lie in a great district that stretches
thrbugh Germany, Csecho-eiovakia
rand Poand. It is a matter, etill under
way, which may run into many mil
lions of dollars.
American Capital D-nlred,
The committee knew what was
going on commercially on . the con
tlnent of Europe and did not head
ie .inn. in T.ondon nn th wv anri
nald a little visit to the British for -
olo- nrfii-a It .ni in knnw hnw.
might feel about its ven
ture. It found that the courteous
gentlemen in the foreign office were
charmed with the visit and they had
the frankness to say that the British
foreign office would not only view
the combine benignly but, if neces
sary, would aid.
This seemed .too nice. The Ameri
cans wanted to know why so much
t. , as flfc
I V- ; Pathe Weekly Always I
v; y P : : 1
n ' At; M " - Now Playing- '
Ik . (f " i f
cordiality. They were then told in so
many words that the British govern
ment looked with extreme favor On
the investment of American capital in
If America has a stake In Europe."
they were told, "it would have some
thing more than an altruistlo interest
in keeping Europe at peace. It would
wake up and have a real interest in
the league of nations. As it Is, Great
Britain is carrying along the league
of nations all by itself. We certainly
want America in it, and there is no
way of interesting a country better
than through its trade.
And then besides, -said the foreign
office man, "why should we have any
objection to American capital or any
capital developing inland interests as
long as we control the ports, and the
bottoms are English?"
As part of this general scheme the
British are establishing new and close
commercial relations with Germany.
They intend to work with the Ger
mans in the east of Europe, and one
needs only to go to Germany and hear
how pleasantly the British are now
spoken of to realize that the plan is
In some ways their trade diplomacy
in Germany is one of the most inten
esting things they are doing. I was
prepared to find that BrltlBh banking
interests were digging into all the big
international German combines, but
apparently they are not. Their way
of going at the control of Germany
Is otherwise. Their attitude toward
Germany seems to be about this:
Britain defeated Germany, and now
Germany has to work for her, as de
feated nations have throughout his
tory had to work for conquering
nations. Britain has decided that
Germania makes a good, hard-working
servant, one of the numerous ser
vants of the empire.
I have talked to Englishmen about
this attitude and suggested that the
Germans, once they got strong enough
again, would play their own game
once more. ' "Little danger." said one
. t 6f my Interlocutors, "as long as we
make it more profitable for them to
I The more trade the Germans create
1 the better, as long as the bottoms in
which it Is moved are British
New Brunswick Indorses Dry Ijaw,
ST. JOHNS. N. B., July 10. The
province of New Brunswick in a
referendum today voted to empowef
the government to retain the present
"bone dry" - prohibition law passed
during the war, and against intro
ducing wine and beer licenses.
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Major Clarence R. IIo4chKIa,
f Portland -veteran of two wars, t
I heads Spanish War Vets. I
A. powerful drama, set in our
own great Oregon country,
pulsating with heart interest
and realism. Filled with tense
and thrilling incidents and an
exquisitely beautiful romance.
WAR SERVICE REWARDED
MAJOR HOTCHKISS XEW HEAD
OF SPAXISH WAR VETERA?? S .
Election, t Encampment at 3Iarsh
fleld -Programmoor Tear to
Be Announced Soon.
Major Clarence F. Hotehkise. vet
eran of the world war, who was
elected department commander of the
United States-Amerioan War' Vet
erans at the annual encampment at
Marshfield last week, has returned
to Portland and soon will announce
the year's programme. His election
comes as recognition of his years of
service" to tbe organization which, he
now heads. Ha was senior . vice
commander of Scout Young camp
wlwn he answered the call for serv
ice in 1917.
Major Hotchklss served in the
Pennsylvania volunteer infantry dur
ing the Spanish war and later as a
non-comnlasioned officer with the
list Infantry in tbe Philippine in
surrection. He was a captain on the
Mexican border duty and adjutant
of the 3d Oregon infantry. During
the World war ho served 20 months
overseas and was discharged as a
major of infantry.
ROAD CONTRACT IS LET
Four Miles of St. Helens-Pittsbarg
Stretch to Be Improved.
ST. HELENS, Or.. July 10. ( Spe
cial. )-At their session Friday the
county court let a contract to J. Kilby
of Rainier tor the clearing and grad
ing of four miles on the St. Helens
Pittsburg road. The contract price
was $58,000 and work is to begin at
The highway extends from St I
Helens to the fertile Nehalem valley.
Eleven miles of the road are now com
pleted and macadamized.
The four miles contracted eliminate
several of the steepest grades and
will make the road passable at all I
times of the year. An additional four I
miles to be built In 1821 will finish
the21-mlle stretch between Bt. Helens
and the valley and shorten the dig
tance some 30 miles, as at present I
the traffic from. St. Helens goes vial
Portland and Timber or via Clatskanie j
and Mist. -.
FLIERS TO USE NEW PLANE
Remodeled d 11a vi land Type Air
ship to Be Used by Aviators.
WASHINGTON, July 10. Army
fliers in their trip frorn New York
City to Nome, Alaska, will use the
new type De Havlland 4-B plane, it
is announced by the war department.
These ships, it was stated, should
not be confused with the old De Havl
land 4. used by American filers on the
western front during the war, and
in the transcontinental reliability
race last fall.
The new remodeled type has been I
greatly strengthened throughout, and
many important changes made, look
ing to greater protection for the
TEARS REPLACE FEUD
Court's Lecture Brings Brothers I
Together and End Trouble.
As Joseph H. Jones, judge of the
district court, gave fatherly counsel
to Harvey O. Drath and Harry H.
Drath, brothers, a feud of long stand
ing Was dissipated into thin air, its!
place taken by clasped hands and
Shotgun threats, a nat-irOn as
sault and a broken arm marked pre
vious relations between the brothers,,
and both came Into court on the com- I
plaint of Harvey, aged 27, who said
I that Harry, aged 37. and father of I
five children, had threatened his life
with a shot gun on July 5.
The case was continued indefinitely
when, after the judge pointed out the
inevitable consequences of bad blood
between kinsmen, the brothers em
braced each other and wept.
COLUMBIA IS RECEDING
RiTer at Crest or Season Reaches
Only 16-Foot Stage,
VANCOUVER. Wash, July 10.
(Special.) The Columbia river, which
reached the crest of the season at the
16-foot mark, is slowly receding "and
has dropped about a foot during the
week. For the first time in seven
years, Andrew Johnson, river steamer
Cerent here, was not compelled to
move the offices of the company from
the lower to the upper decks on ac
count of high watar.
The farmers living on the lowlands
next to the -Columbia river below the
city will have bumper crops.
SCOTLAND BANK CLOSES
Disappearance of President and
Week's Run Shuts Doors.
SCOTLAND, S. D.. July 10. The
Bonhomme County Bank of Scotland
has closed its doors following the dis-
apeparance of its president. H. Henry
Wenzlarf and- a week s run, during
which time more than $100,000 in de
posits were withdrawn. State bank
examiners are in charge.
The bank was one of the oldest in
the state with deposits of $600,000. -
tamps tor cash
Main 353. 680-11.
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GASOLINE SHORTAGE ACUTE
VAXCOCTER PLEASURE CARS
PUT AWAY IX GARAGES.
Various Excuses Offered by Motor
ists Met With Deaf Ear at
VANCOUVER, Wash., July 10.
(Special.) More and more cars ' are
being put away in garages as a result
of the gasoline shortage which has
reached the acute stage here. For
several days no gasoline has been fur
nished for pleasure cars, while trucks
and cars used for commercial purposes
are having a hard time getting
enough to operate On. There is little
hope in' sight for at least a month or
five weeks, according to reports from
the oil companies.
Many and varied are the tales told
by automobile owners to get gasoline.
They appear at the stations with gal
lon cans to get gasoline to clean
clothes, their cars are stalled on the
road miles from home, some one is
seriously ill and needs their help; a
man's father died and he must go
100 miles or more, and no trains for
10 hours; they have steep hills to
climb and must have a full tank to
make the grade, and similar excuses.
To all of these dealers turn a deaf
' It is reported by the National parks
highway association secretary, of
Spokane, that there is ample gasoline
on the highways leading east from
Spokane, and all along the highway
east of Washington. It is understood
that the supply in Portland is some
POSITIVELY THE BIGGEST
COMEDY PICTURE EVER
PRESENTED IN PORTLAND
William J. FItib
SPECIAL SUNDAY CONCERT
12:30 NOon Today
Song Of the Soul .'....
what more liberal than in Vancouver,
and that tourists can get enough
gasoline to travel.
In some Washington cities, dealers
have clubbed together and bought
high grade gasoline, which they sell
for 40 cents a gallon.
JITNEY MEN LOSE POINT
Seattle Injnnction Is Continued
Only to July 19.
SEATTLE. Wash., July 10. Seattle
jitney driyers. who obtained a tem
porary injunction restraining the city
from enforcing the jitney regulations,
lost a point today when Judge Boyd
Tallman refused to sign an order
making the injunction effective until
Judge Tallman ordered the tem
porary Injunction, which was return
able yesterday, continued until July
19, and gave the city until that -date
to answer the complaint of the jitney
STORAGE PLANTS BEGUN
Warehouses at Hood River
Odell to Cost $40,0 00.
HOOD RIVER. Or.. July 10. .Soe-
1 cial.) Parker Sc Banfield, Portland I
builders, have begun construction of ,
two new apple warehouses for Dan
Wuille fend company. One of the
new structures is located adjoining
the present quarters of the concern i
here. It will be operated as an addi
tional storage unit. The new struc-
ture will be three stories high. The
Odell house will be about 100 feet
The men are also engaged in corn-
WAITING for THIS
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. . Saint-Saens
pleting a warehouse for the appi
shippers at Parkdale. The Jitter wai U
begun last season. The cost or tn- t
Hood River and Odell warehouses will
reach about $40,000.
NEW SCHEDULE DISLIKED
Passenaer and Mall Service, at
Hood River Is Changed.
HOOD RIVER. Or., July 10. (Spe.
cial.) Hood River residents are noi
pleased with the O.-W. R. & N. sched
ule of passenger trains, announced ta
be effective tomorrow. No provisior
is made for a west-bound passengei
train from 6:35 A. M., the time of de
parture of the Spokane-rortlant
train, until 12:50 P. M., when the
Denver, Kansas City & St. Louis pas
senger train will arrive.
No provision is made for carrying
west-bound mail between 5:45 A. M., .
the scheduled time of arrival of the
west-bound fast mall, and 3:20, when
the Pendleton express, west bound,
PLANE FALLS; 3 KILLED
Forest Patrol Craft Collapses Near
Red Bluff, Cal. .
RED BLUFF. Cal.. July 10. Three
persons were killed near here today
I when an airplane piloted oy vay-
. man Haney collapsed and fell 400
I feet, according to Captain W. J.
commander of the aviation
field here, late today.
According to the report the plane,
which was used in the forest patrol
service, was occupied by Haney, An
tonio Salcido and Harold Robie, civi
lian observers, all of whom were
(Incl. War Tax)
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of All the World