THE SUNDAY OREGONIAN", PORTLAND", - JTJXY 4, 1920 -3 V BETTER HILL CLIMBS Field of High-Motored Autos Go Down to Defeat.- DOWER LOST TO WEIGHT Meay Maoliincs Full on Economy and Dp -Not .Make Good on High Gears. BY H. A. TARAXTOUS. In a hill race between a fat man and a lean one you will without hes itation choose the lean one to win. You will choose him to win in a race of stamina, of speed, in any demon stration of physical ability. You will say that the fat man has too much weight to carry around to be a good performer. In that respect he is no different from a man-made piece of machinery an automobile. Cienerally speaking, the lighter car the better hill climber it is. No better illustration of this can be f iven than that of a notable Amer ican hillclimb conducted a few years ago. in which a 20-horsepower car of very popular make won from a big field, including a 100-horsepower Benz and high-powered cars of American manufacture. The high-powered cars were heavy "and their power meant little because it had too much to do to overcome the mere weight of the vehicle. The 20-horscpower car was light in weight compared with the heavy car and the ratio of power to weight was far greater than in the high-powered cars. Scientific Car Yet to Come. Take any of the heavy cars on the market today and one will find that while they climb hills in fairly good fashion, they are not the best hill climbers in high gear and are far from being economical climbers. It is the lighter weight cars which are the hill performers and they do their work at a minimum expenditure of fuel. The ideal hill performer is not here because the scientific lightweight car is yet to be born. Such a car, from conception to execution, in every de tail a lightweight car, will be a scientific lightweight car performer. Such performance will call for mount ing of ordinary hills at level-road speeds and extremely steep grades at reduced speeds, but still without a gear change. While fuel consumption will be greater for the hill climbing, it will be so little greater that the average of 40 miles per gallon will hardly be altered. At least, the owner's pocket book will be little affected. Light weight alone will not do this, be cause we have some so-called light weight cars on the market today which do not do it. Scientific light weight construction will do it. This construction calls for a vehi cle of the minimum weight 1000 pounds for a five-passenger car yet having a power-to-weight ratio three times greater than in any existing car. It is this power-to-weight ratio which largely determines hill climb ing ability and since the scientific car should have a total weight of only 1000 pounds, its fuel consumption even in grade climbing will be far less than that of an average car un der the best of level road conditions. Conventional Design Going In order to illustrate the power and energy needed for hill climbing one has but to turn to human per formance. You can walk up a 10 per cent grade one-half mile long quite easily if you have no load to carry. Put 25 pounds on your back and you Blow down a bit. It is harder to get up. Put 100 pounds on your back and it becomes a task not accom plished by every man. You begin to slow down considerably. You sweat even if it Is a cold day. It takes more energy, more power. You cannot carry the load up at the same speed that you carry yourself alone. You with the 100 pounds on your back represent the 'heavy car. ' Going up alone you represent the lightweight" car. Our engineers are gradually coming around to scientific light-weight con struction and are one by one ceasing to follow conventional methods in de signing and building cars, which has in no small measure retarded automo bile progress. We have what we call excellent cars today, but they are far from being efficient so far as fuel economy, tire economy or repair ex penses are concerned. Our cars are to heavy and because they are heavy they require more fuel to do a giver piece of work, just as you burn up more tissue within you when you climb the hill with 100 pounds on your back. BEST TIRES HAND-BUILT LONGER MILEAGE FROM INDI VIDUAL. CONSTRUCTION. looseness be but slight, it may allow the motor support to hammer and thump. In time this may result In an actual breakage of the supporting arm. One-third of the 7.558,848 motor ve hicles registered in the United States are owned by farmers. South Australia has more than 7300 motorcycles which are used all the year round for both business and pleasure. Don't let acid fall below top of plates in battery. Of the 1919 rubber consumption, which, is estimated at 350,000 tons, approximately 75 per cent was de voted to the manufacture of tires for motor vehicles. Reckless Driver Hear them cylin ders knockin'? Timid Passenger It's not the cylinders, it's my knees. Penn State Froth. BETTER SIGNALS ARE NEEDED Writer Urges That Motorists Com ply With City Iav. PORTLAND. Or, June 26. (To the Automobile Editor.) The suggestion is hereby offered that, beginning at once, automobile drivers be educated through the columns of the press on the proper arm signals which htey should display. There seems to be quite a general but erroneous understanding among drivers that extending the left arm GASOLINE SUPPLY IS W INCREASE Government Report Shows Gain in Reserves. SCARE HELD TEMPORARY Refiners Working for Increased Porduction to Supply larger Demands. Gasoline supplies are increasing. The latest bureau of mines report shows that reserve stocks on hand at the refineries jn March totaled over 626,000,000 gallons and serves to off set some of the startling statements paint and varnish manufacture, clean ing industry, gasojine stoves and rub ber manufacture. Some of the high lights of the situ ation as contained in the federal trade commission report on the fuel situa tion are as follows: -"It should be noted that the condi tions in 1920 appear to have greatly improved with respect -to production and imports. Kx port lfl Per Cent. "The exports of gasoline in 1918 amount to about 15 per cent; in 1919 exports represented about 10 per cent of the total consumption. "The total consumption, in 1918 ex ceeded production by 114,929,850. gal lons, while in 1919 the relation was reversed and the production of gaso line exceeded consumption by 149, 446.488 gallons." The oil-leasing bill passed at .the last session of congress promises ad ditional sources of oil. It is too early to say how much this formerly locked up territory will yield, but much is hoped for from Wyoming and some sections in California. Major pro ducers are making plans for drilling activity in these districts. The world's deposits of- crude oil total 60,000,000,000 barrels, according to estimates from the United States geological survey. At the present rate of consumption this would be enough to last the United States for 168 years. There are still 7,629,000. 000 barrels in the oil fields of this lllIIMIIIIMUIIIIIMIIllllllIllllIIIIMlUlIIMIUIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIllllIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIlIIIIIlinilllUIIIIItltllllllllllllllin f"""S EE .3 1 y(C(CP If m 3 A King 3 Touring car on the 358.5 mile grind from Eos Angeles to fYosemite set a mark of 45.15 Ton Miles and 21.9 actual miles on a gallon of gasoline beatimr the for 8-cylinder cars by almost 5 ton over 5 actual miles on a gallon. previous records miles and by NEW SCRIPPS-BOOTH SIX ONE OF HANDSOMEST OF ALL THE 1920 MODELS. sS&wmnMMMftM . Sfts i I 1 v! 4 Sfy? -.t 44a r- - '""'" -..L.i.n.ixinji' crn Xj.I.I UMi iliMMH" " HfWlltti fT.., t , x The picture nhoivi one of the very latest Scrlpps-Booths, with I-. A. Han nan, manager here for the new Fort land branch of the Scrippa-Boot h company of California, at the helm. The Scripps-Booth la one of the Gen - eral Motors cars. Among several important changes in the 102O model the V-.uaped radiator has been re placed by stralKht one. to full length is a signal indicating a turn to the right. The machine fol lowing, when driver sees an arm ex tended thus, naturally inclines to the right, and when the machine in front suddenly swings in the same direction and immediately across his path, ac cident is just narrowly averted. The writer is daily up against just such cases as cited, and is apprehenive that many accidents will result if the practice continues, and with many times the number of machines in op eration than at present. Yours very truly. J. P. MacVICAB. TRAVEL WHY EXPLAINED GOODRICH B1TREATJ PREPARED WITH TOUR ADVICE. . Maps and Information Ready at Any of 30,000 Dealers With . This Line. At this season when motorists begin to hear the call of "the highway just beyond," the travel and transport bu ren of th B. F. Goodrich Rubber company stands ready to point the way. Several hundred thousand revised road maps of the various states have been sent by the bureau to 30.000 Goodrich branches and dealers for istribution, to motorists without charge. In addition, the bureau is readv to rive mora detailed route in formation to anyone desiring it. The Goodrich road maps contain th most accurate hitrhivnv informa tion available. They show all the roads over which autos can travel in safety and designate roads now under con- itructiorw. They can be counted on as lenpniinhle. ah the rintA. contained in them was obtained direct from Good- ch pathfinders and state and coun- y highway commissioners. Any motorist aesiring to maKe a rin this summer r.nn nbtnin mans from the nearest Goodrich dealers or branch or by writing direct to the bureau. Distributor for Savage Tires De clares Every Casing Is Entirely Hand-Made Product. "Tires are not unlike many other products in that their quality depends much upon the amount of individual attention they get during construc tion. Jlany motorists, when purchas ing a tire, fail to distinguish between the kind of tires that are made in large quantities by machinery and the kind that are built up individually by hand. . That there ia a difference is apparent, and aooner or later the dis cerning car-owner recognizea that hand-built tires are invariably more reliable." says G. H. Whalley of the Portland Tire company, local distrib utor for Savage tires. "Despite the fact that hand-building produces tires superior to those msde by machinery, the great majority of tire manufacturers employ the latter method, as machines are essentially time-savers, labor savers and cost- red veers, tending toward, greater out put at less expense. Conversely where' the object in view is maxlraum quality, without undue regard to In creased production or expense, the method of building tires by hand pos sesses distinct advantages. The cost entailed in this process is considerably greater, and the output is necessarily smaller, but correct se lection and ':ompounding of highest grade materials, together with the best workmanship and individual at tention, is something which is only possible with a comparatively limited production. Savage tires are giving such good service in this section be cause they are rtrictly hand-built." Tight Engine Bolts. Tn certain cases a loosening of the engine bolts, those which hold the motor in place, may cause a raisa lignment of the engine, with serious trouble as a result. Even though th Don't start or stop too quickly or skid around corners. This puts a heavy strain on the entire car as well as on the tires. that have been made regarding the gasoline supply. . In fact, this gasoline scare has been largely psychological, in the opinion of the federal trade commission. The failure in certain north Texas fields upset some of the oilmen and made an immediate shortage seem possible. This year has begun fortunately however, and there are a good many factors which point to increased pro duction. "Cracking" Adda to Snpply. . Refiners Can get twice the amount of gasoline from oil by using new "cracking" processes. The big mid west companies using the-modern methods are getting a 35 per cent yield from crude; but refineries else where are getting only 12 to 22 per cent. The cost of installing the new processes will make the change slow,, but if any absolute shortage should confront the market, oilmen say thif means can be taken to meot it. This would mean -an increase of 60 per cent in our present supply. Mexico is another source of future supply which has been almost dou bling its shipments to the American market every year. In 1919 the Mex ican market shipped 62.662.000 barrels of crude oil to the United States, most of It to the Atlantic coast. Dr. David T. White of the United States geological survey sees infinite possibilities in oil obtained from shale, although this supply will not be tapped in great quantities until more machinery has been developed. OH Shale Gnat A.set. Dr. White says: "The oil shale de posits of the United States are a pos sible' source of oil in amounts far greater than all the available natural petroleum of this hemisphere. They form an enduring asset, sufficient to sustain an enormous ultimate load for an indefinite period." Motorists should continue to save gasoline,, since the use of 7,500,000 cars in the country means that the action of the seperate units may have a great influence on the total con sumption. Motor vehicles are the heaviest users of gasoline, automobile consumption in 1919 being 3.167,654, 400 gallons out of the total consump tion of 3,808,390.649.' It is estimated that a passenger car uses 300 gallons of gasoline yearly and a motor truck 1500 gallons. Other users of gasoline are airplanes, motor boats, railway motor cars, farm trac tors, stationary and portable engines, ountry, according to the same au thority, enough to last 20 years at our present rate of consumption. EDDDH1CH CHIEF VISITOR P. H. SEARS HERE FROM FAC TORY AT AEROX, O. TWENTY YEARS OLD AND STILL WORKING EVERY DAY. II z I ' " " I5 ' - 1 I is w' I I , , "j t ( x A Selection of Site for New Building in Portland for Goodrich One . Purpose of His Vlsft. One of the high chiefs of the B. F. Goodrich Rubber company, P. H. Sears, director of branch administra tion, of Akron, O., was in Portland last week accompanying W. D. Al bright, northwest manager for the company, on . trin over this territory, One purpose of Mr. Sears' visijt waa to select a site here for a large building to nouse me- local Goodrich branch. which has outgrown its present facil lties at Broadway and Burnside street. No definite decision was reached last week, though Mr. Sears and Mr. Albright investigated several prospec tive sites. However, it is virtually assured that the company will have i large 'building here of its own. Mr. Sears brought word that finan cial conditions are becoming better throughout the country. He expects the local gasoline shortage soon to be a thing of the past, as there is no shortage elsewhere in the United States. The demand for tires is so great he said, that the Goodrich factory at AKron is lura put to supply enough tires for dealers. The company now has under construction additions to its plant costing $13,500,000. The de mand for Silvertown cord tires is espe cially heavy. The Goodrich company was the first tire company to man ufacture a. cord tire, and its product is still ace-high with motorists the country over. In connection with Mr. Sears visit, announcement was made by C. B. Cad- well, local Goodrich manager, that, effective July 1, Goodrich sales and service will be conducted on an ex clusively wholesale basis. The com pany's business has grown to such an extent that it is no longer practica ble to handle retail tire sales at its branches, and such sales in future will be made entirely through Good rich dealers. CHAXGE EXCIXE Olli OFTEX Failure to Do So Means Excessive Wear on Motor Parts. A recent test showed to prevent ex cessive errgtne wearing crankcase oil should e changed at least every 1500 miles, preferably every 1000 miles. A new engine that was run 6000 miles with oil changed at proper in tervals, , upon being disassembled showed no signs of wear. The same engine, reassembled and run 6000 miles with old oil plus new oil as needed, upon inspection, showed i wear of 0.015 inches. Truck and passenger car mamifac turera recommend, for better per formance and longer life, that crank cases be drained every 1000 miles, the engine flushed with kerosene and new oil added. It is in violation of the law to keep a revolver or any-other kind of a weapon in the' pocket or under the eat of an automobile in Indiana. The Economy of 8-Cyiinder Motor Cars Is Proven On the 1920 ran the King used less gasoline than any six cylinder car regardless of class an indisputable proof of King 8 economy. In every test for economy, for speed, power, reliability and endurance the King has made good. And our unlimited service guarantee covering 52 weeks of free service is an assurance of an economy of upkeep. Compare the King 8 with other cars at the price then com pare its record of .performance your choice will be the King and rightly so. RUBIN MOTOR CAR CO. Distributors for Oregon, Washington and Idaho Broadway at Hoyt Street Portland, Oregon ."-Mi W 219 cr Gallon Tmiiiimimnmii MmmMimiiiiiiiiimiiimiiiiiiiiiiiimiiimmimmiimMiiiiiiiM CORD TIRES ARE ON GAIN DEMAND CAXXOT BE SATIS FIED BV OUTPUT. 1921 Likely to Prove Record Year for Pneumatics as Solids Are Displaced. 'There is little doubt but that the production of tires in this country will turn to cord tires as rapidly as manufacturers can obtain the neces sary equipment, and in turn can be supplied by the fabric manufacturers," comments George K. Cassidy, general tire distributor. "There is hardly a manufacturer of tires who will not tell you it is Im possible to make enough cords to sat isfy the demand, and that condition is bound to prevail until additions to plants and the necessary machinery can be provided. In light of traffic conditions and Inability to obtain ma terial it is impossible to propheay when that time will arive. "It is estimated that the tire output for this year in the -United States will exceed 11,000.000.000. Based on these figures there is every reason to believe that the output for 1921 will be far in excess of this amount. The stock of fabric that the General factory has on hand has made it pos sible for us to keep fairly well abreast of cord tire orders, although at times it ia hard to keep all sizes in stock." HOOD FASTENERS ARE HAXDV Xew Device Is Just the Thins for Chevrolet 4 90 Models. The handiest and most useful little accessory device that has appeared on the market recently is a new hood fastener designed especially for Chev rolet 490 models and for Briscoe models prior to that one of this year. It is known as the Holton hood clip and its installation eaves the owner a world of botheration unscrewing th'e crew hood fasteners that come as equipment on these cars. Whereas the operation of taking up and putting back the hood of a Chv rolet with regulation fasteners is a several minutes' job, and one produc tive of many and violent cusswords, with the regulation screw-on fasten ers the new Holton hood clips work just like those on a big car. The hood may be fastened or unfastened on the Instant by merely pulling up the clips. This aqcient Franklin, one of the ' old four-eyllnder barrel-hood variety of 1010, belong to S. D. Cameron of Hood River, who us. It as a deliv ery car. They aay the average life of a modern automobile la five years, but this old-timer, larking o-jly one year of being old enough to vote for Harding, still has pep enough In Its bones to work weekdays and Sun day, too. It was .napped the other Sunday running over the crashed1 rock on the Columbia river htgbway near Hood River without SO' much ' a. heoitating. Mr. Cameron bought It of m man who drove It throuch Hood River .even yearn avo. He has no Idea how far It tiaa gone, a. ft has no speedometer, but It ha. done enough work In thove .even years to wear out some cars, and 11 va 13 years old beior. Ulm- Now Is the Time to Paint Your Automobile PHONE OR CALL, FOR ESTIMATE Robinson-Smith Co. Sixth at Madl.on. Main 1100. W ... M Portland Branch. S25 Bnrnald. If Broadway 1604. , 4 tX 1 Portland Authorized Distributor. . 1 It SVXSKT ELKCTBIC CO, " I VjS ' 1 Ninth and GliMta St. L J At a Branch or Authorized Distributor of United Motors Service Incorporated, repairs and adjustments are made in strict accordance' with the standards and policies of the manufacturer. Street.. United Motors Service Incorporated SERVICE DEPARTMENT CEN6RAW OFfjlCfe OF Delco KLAXON ftEMY They are installed on the same bolt as the old screw fasteners. The Allen & Hebard company, 64 Broadway near Pine, of which Robert E. Allen is manager, is Oregon dis tributor for these work-saving fas teners. KEEP TRANSMISSION OILED It and Differential Should Have Inspection Every 1000 Miles. Transmissions and differentials should be inspected every 1000 miles and more lubricant added if needed. The lubricant to be used should fol low the gears at all speeds should not contain wax, clay or animal fata. Graphite will assist the lubrication of these parts, but only the finest- grade of fine pulverized flake should be used. Differentials that are trou bled from grease leaking from the brake bands should b. drained and cleaned. Fill transmission to the level of the shaft and differential to the lower edge of the axles. Recurring stories of the explosions of ovcr-raisined private stock make one wonder whether anything fur ther has been accomplished with ai' cohol as a fuel. 3 Trucks Have built a reputation for relia bility through consistent perform ance made possible through quality construction. "USERS KNOW" Selltoood Drayage and Storage Co. Have Bought Another Carford Garford Oregon Motor Sale Company NORTH EIGHTH AND DAVIS Wm.Cornf oot. President T. M. Geo g began. E. N. Wheeler, Vice Pre., and Gen. Mct. Secretary-Treasurer J. A. Haley. Sales Mgr.