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About The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current | View Entire Issue (July 4, 1920)
THE SUNDAY OREGONIA PORTLAND, JULY 4, 1920
NEW WALLINGFORD BUILDING THOROUGHLY MODERN AUTOMOTIVE PLANT.
PUNT IS OPENED
0,000 Celebrate Start
&00-Car Daily Capacity of LI;
Siie Is Output Expected
to Be Reached.
SOL'TH BEND, Ind.. July 3. The
3ft.UOO.000 plant of the Studebaker
orporation, the newest and declared
o - be the most modern automobile
.lftory in the world, was officially
pened last week, with the city of
outh Bend observing a public holi
ay in honor of the event.
Starting: with a parade of 7000
fa-orkers in the morning; the celebra-
ion continued throughout the day
nd late into the evening;. At the end
f the line of march the employes and
heir families. numbering 30.0u,
athered at a large amusement park
hartered for the occasion, where they
ea.sted and joined in more than a
.core of field day events.
Since these plants have been erect
d to produce the new Studehaker
itrht six complete, with an eventual
capacity of 600 cars a day. a brand
ies light six direct from the factory
peaded the great parade, followed by
he 100-piece Studebaker band. Fresi-
lont. A. R. Erskine and other officials
ff the company, office and plant em-
loyes and leader In political, finan
ial, automotive, religious and Indus
rial circles from all part of the
The real festivities began upon
reaching the large amusement park.
vhere contests were held for em-
'.oyei. their wives and the "kias."
.ith $1300 worth of prizes for the
linnprs. Special features were th'.
ward of a ton of hard coal to tne
jr?eet family on the grounds, a
vapon to the youngest baby and $10
o the heaviest man. Dancing and a
even-act circus and vaudeville show
Ivere added attractions.
Thousand of Hot Dog.
Some Idea of the rood consumed by-
he 30.000 celebrants is contained in
he following figures given out -by H.
Vance, in charge of the affair:
0.000 bags each of popcorn and pea-
uts; 36.000 rolls, 1250 loaves of bread,
0,000 doughnuts, 40.000 Ice cresm
ones, 800 gallons of ice cream. 15,000
ounds of roast beef and pork sau-
age, 1500 watermelons, 1000 cases of
oft drinks, 500 pounds of coffee. 200
.llons of cream and 1500 pounds of
In the evening a dinner to the
Quests who attended was given in
he main plant dining-room, with 500
reEent. President Erskine was
oastmaster and Rev. John Cavanaugh
f Holy Cross college of Brookland.
f. C, the principal speaker.
The new plants represent the lar
cst piece of automobile factory con
duction within the past 12 months.
fhey are also noteworthy in the
musual speed that was ehown in
hfcir erection. Ground was broken
ti March 19. 1919. and today, 15
nonths later, the plants are in full
Experts who went through the new
lams referred to them as niodecs
n construction from the standpoint
f efficiency in motor car production
nd the. ideal conditions provided lor
lOtl.TOO Keet of Floor Space.
The buildings completed have a
otal flor space of 1,206,799 square
eet. In their erection and equipment
.778,297 pounds ol reinforced an-1
tructural steel were used; 2,000,000
eet of lumber, 0.883 cubic yards of
oncrete, 131, SSI square feet of glass,
,350,000 bricks. 120.000 barrels of
fment, 153 miles of electric wiring,
640 feet of water mains, 3081 feet
f tunnels for carrying steam, water
nd electrical transmission lines to
nd between the various buildings,
8,080 feet of surface railroad track
nd 1528 feet of depressed track for
The method of assembling cars In
be final assembly building Is tha
ast word in efficiency. In connection
vith the remarkable conveyor system
n operation, materials stored on the
irmer floors are dropped to .each sta
lon along the assembly line, piece
y piece, in the number required foi
ach individual car. This system not
nly increases the speed with which
ars may be assembled, but reduces
he- cost and confusion of moving
,tock to a minimum.
Another instance of the efficiency
liat obtains in the new plant is in
he sub-assembly building, which has
m interior bay open to the roof. This
ay is covered with a glass skylight
ind is equipped with crane service and
anding balconies on all floors for
he quick and economic handling of
naterials. The bay also has a de-
ressed unloading track with accom
modations for ten freight cars.
Some Idea of the huge proportions
rf the new plant may be had from
he fallowing dimensions of some of
he; larger buildings: Sub-assembly,
!)2x52S feet; stamping department.
SSXS28 feet; machine shop. 425x576
eet, and forge shop, 161x742 feet.
Quantity Production Shown.
The buildings are equipped-with II
reight elevators, four passenger ele
vators and 34 traveling cranes. A
ower house, with eight 500-horse
ower boilers, fired by mechanical
tokers, furnishes heat to all the
uildings through a double system of
lirect and indirect heating, and also
upplles steam for the operation of
orging hammers and other mechanl
The new light six Is produced In
hree body styles the five-passenger
ouring car, the sedan and the lan
tau roadster. Now that the new
lant is officially opened Studebaker
itficiala expect to get into quantity
The other two Studebaker models,
he special six and big six, will con-
inue to be produced in the Detroit
factories, with a scheduled output
.or this year of 50,000 cars. Th
omhined floor space of all th Stu
iebaker factories in South Bend, De-
reft and Walkerville, Canada, is now
i,750,000 square feet and they repre
sent an investment of $30,000,000.
PI.rM.BER. TAKES HIS TOOLS
rhLs One Carries 'Em With Him In
Ilia Dodge Car.
A Chattanooga plumber has effect
ually served notice on the public that
the standing Joke about plumbers
charging $1 and more an hour "to go
back after their tools" does not apply
lo him. He carries his complete
plumbing shop with him to every job
in a. Dodge business car. The interior
of the panel body is so arranged that
There is a place for every tool and
every part. There are no return
trips : and no delays. The owner
James H. Llpp. is aware of the ad
vantage he enjoys with this equip
ment and uses it in his advertising
The. car Is painted purple, tinted in
ma.ro on. and. lettered in gold leaf.
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GOODRICH LOSES WMFOHD .iSifX . . '
XORTnWEST AD CHIEF TEX- i , .
DKRS HIS RESIGNATION'.
-W' ! - ' T'tf i I
Li. E. Warfortl Made Name for Ham
st'lf During Iong Service
ith Goodrich Company.
A surprise in automobile circles
came yesterday when announcement
was made by W. D. Albright, district
manager for the B. F. Goodrich Rub
ber company, with neadouarters in
Seattle, of the discontinuance of ad
vertising departments in the coast
branches; together with the resig
nation of L. E. Warford. who has had
charge of the department and its
activities in this territory under Mr.
Elimination of the department is
part of a change in Goodrich policy.
looking towards centralization of ad
vertising and publicity activities at
the Akron factory. faeveral of the
men in the different coast branches
accepted positions at the factory in
the advertising department, but War-
ford prefers to remain in the west and
is taking up other work.
Much regret was expressed by Mr.
Albright at the decision of Mr. War
ford and he spoke In the highest
terms of his retiring advertising
manager. Except for the time he
was in the United States aviation
service Warford has been continuous
ly at the head of northwest advertis
ing activities for Goodrich, building;
up a wide and favorable acquaintance
ship and furthering civic and good
roads movements. He has not as yet
announced definite plans for his fu
ture, but "believes there is work fo
htm to do In the west, where his in
terests center. His study and efforts
in behalf of good roads and his ability
in organizing and directing state and
community campaigns have been big
factors in the success of Goodrich 'n
this territory and in good roads de
In California, as in Oregon and
Washington. Warford has made a rec
ord along these lines. One of the first
big tasks he performed was organiza
tion and publicity work in connection
with the first big bond issue for good
roads in California, which resulted
in $30,000,000 for the state highway
commission of that state. His work
attracted the attention of exposition
officials and he was commandeered to
serve as secretary to the chief of
transportation exhibits at the Pan-
ma-Pacific International exposition.
It was his Important assignment to
take care of automobile, steamship
railroad and other transportation ex
ecutives who attended the world's
exposition. He was highly successful
and received one of the few gold med
als presented to employes for meri
orious servises performed.
From this work the Lincoln High
way association secured him as field
secretary for the western division
the national body. In organizing and
enlisting community support and
backing for this highway he was
largely responsible for its completion
west of Salt Lake City and particn
larly across the desert of "bad sec
tions of Utah and Nevada.
On the completion of this work b
went with the Goodrich organization
in California ana was orougnt to tne
northwest by Mr. Albright. One of
his first efforts was to aid in launch
ing the Pacific Northwest Tourist as
sociation, having for its purpose ex
ploitation of the scenic attractions
and resources of the United Interna
tional Pacific northwest country.
TRAVELING MAN MAKES
C. li. Smith of Seattle makes a vacation of his business. The picture aaows
Mr, Smith, his wife and niece, wbo accompany him In the car on bin selllns;
trips through Oregon. Washington, Idaho and Montana. He carries his
ample cases In a rack, attached to the running board.
. VA !
New structure at Fifteenth. Bnraslde
occupied by W. H. Wallfnffford company. Liberty and Briscoe distributor,
one of bcst-rqulppcd plants In Pacific northwest. It has many features
taken from the mot up-to-date eastern automobile building's. The pic
tures shows 1 Motor-driven lathes and drill presses la the well
equipped shop. 3 W. H. Walllnsford. president of the company. 3 An
other view of the bis? shop, with workmen at Individual work benches.
4 The "shadowless" showroom, so called because Its Indirect Hshtlnar
system has eliminated all' shadows.
Opening of Snoqualmie pass the year
around was his next big campaign.
Organization of the automobile clubs
of western Washington into a single
effective co-operative body was an
In connection with aviation he suc
ceeded in bringing Governor Ben W.
Olcott of Oregon to fly from Salem.
Or., to Seattle and thence to Blaine,
after which he flew down the Pacific
highway to Stockton. Cal to attend
the Paclftc Coast Advertising clubs'
association annual convention. Later
he interested Mayor Hugh M. Caldwell
to fly to Portland to attend the recent
Imperial council of the Shrine.
He was active in organization of
the Ad-men's caravan of automobiles
to Stockton. As vice-chairman of the
executive committee of the publicity
and advertising bureau of the Seattle
chamber, he was chosen vice-president
of the Pacific Coast assiciatlon during
the recent Stockton convention, bring
ing the 1921 meeting to Tacoma and
Mt. Rainier national park.
STEWART STATION HAS MOVED
Larger Quarters Obtained at Cor
ner of Broadway and Flanders.
Removal of the Stewart Products
service station from its former loca
tion at 333 Ankeny street to much
larger quarters in the new brick
building at Broadway and Flanders
streets was accomplished last week.
The service station has a lease for
five years on the new quarters.
Thomas Hart is manager of the sta
tion. In its new location it has the
advantage of a drive-in service for
customers, who include all owners of
automobiles equipped with Stewart
speedometers and other accessories.
HIS ROUNDS BY COLE EIGHT
l1 it - If?
Wll w - WiaP -
and Washington streets, recently
THIS PLANT IS COMPLETE
-NEW V A LLI X G FOR D BTJILDIXG
OXE OF BEST OX COAST.
jiany uisiincuve x ea lures such as
Shadowless Sales Room and
Modern Repair Shop.
The W. H. Wallingford company,
distributor for Liberty and Briscoe
cars, recently removed into a new
building at Fifteenth and Washing
ton streets that is one of the hand
somest and best equipped automotive
plants on the Pacific coast. The
building occupies a little more than
a quarter block and is of two BtorieB
On the first floor is a large
"shadowless" sales room, so called
because of Its artistically arranged
Indirect lighting system. Though well
lighted at all times, the lighting is
so arranged that no shadows fall any
where in the large room. Off this
sales room are offices, and a women's
rest room, equipped with every con
venience and handsomely furnished
and decorated for women patrons.
On the first floor is also the serv
ice department, with entrance from
Fifteenth street. Courteous service is
one of the mottoes of the Wallingford
On the second floor is a very com
pletely equipped repair shop with in
dividual benches encircling a wall
200 feet over all. In one end are
modern machines, including lathes,
punches and drills seldom seen in
shop of this kind and purchased espe
dally by Mr. Wallingford. and in the
other end is a modern tinning Bhop
where lenders, radiators and even
bodies are built at less cost than the
ordinary repairing. v
At the nortlf end of the second floot
is a large store room for automobile
parts. The parts department consists
of a number of long narrow aisle
with bins lining both sides up to th
I ceiling. Every bin contains a differ
ent article, and there are thousand
of bins. This supply of parts Include
parts for all the automobiles, truck
and tractor lines handled by th
On the same floor is a washroom
for the workmen employed in th
shop. Each has his individual towel
a steel locker, hot and cold water an
even a shower bath.' Nearby is also
a chemical tank for cleaning parts.
large vat containing a cleaning prep
aration which removes every trace of
grease and dirt from any metal im
An interesting feature at one en
of the shadowless sales room on th
first floor is a painting 6H feet by
3(i feet in size, depicting western
scenery and called ""Liberty Lake" by
Mr. Wallingford. The painting is by
Count Theo. Leldbury of Norway, now
living in PortlanM.
REGRIXD1XG AXI REBORIXG
Here Is the Distinction Between the
We are frequently asked the ques
tion as to the distinction between, re-
rlnding and reborlng cylinders, and
ow one is to know which process
should be used in the event it be
comes necessary to true-up worn cyl
inders, says Motor Life.
Engines that have been in service
for a considerable time are apt to de
velop the worn cyllrtder disease.
hich manifests Itself In loss or
power. The reason te mat me cylin
ders, due to the side thrust of the
pistons, get slightly more wear in
the crosswise direction than they do
in the fore-and-aft direction. This
results in a slightly eliptical shape,
which Us the more pronounced the
older the engine and hence the gases
have a chance to leak past the worn
sections. ' .
If the wear is only a few thou
sandths of an inch, the bore of the
cylinder can be trued up merely by
grinding, but tr tne cyiinaer is uauiy
out of round, it is sometimes neces
sary to rebore it before the grinding
is done. The point i m grinains
cannot be expected to make a very
deep cut or correct a badly mis
Where a deep cut is neeaea ine
surplus metal should be removed by
the boring process, after which a
very accurate surface can be secured
with the grinder. From the fore-
eoine it will be obvious that to se
cure accurate results ana m onus
dimensions to very close limits gnna-
ng Is necessary, for boring win not
admit of such accuracy. It snouia
further be clear that grinding will
nmduM a much smoother surface
than boring alone.
HUM MS HMD
NEW YORK-CHICAGO TIME CTJT
Wray Jubilant Over Performance
AVhich Clips Honrs From
A Temnlar car driven by Cannon
ball Baker, famous automobile road
Hriv.r his set a new -record from
New York to Chicago, according to
word received last week by W. W.
Wray of the Wray Motor Car com
pany. Templar distributors here.
Mr. Wray received this telegram
Now Is the Time to
PHONE OR CALL FOR ESTIMATE
Sixth at Madison.
Limited to But One Advantage
The question of motor car economy is not limited to gas
It includes oil, tires and particularly repair costs.
The Essex consumes no more gasoline than other cars of
similar capacity. And it is a common remark of all owners
that it requires hardly any oil.
As for its tire economy, many reports are so remarkable
that we repeat them only with the explanation that they are
exceptional rather than average. One owner has a record of
29,600 miles on one set of tires that appear good for several
thousand more miles of use.
The repair requirements are so slight that it has given
Essex a distinctive position among all cars.
. C. L. Boss Automobile Co.
615-17 Washington Street
from the Templar factory: "Templar
has set another record. Driven by
Cannonball Baker, it has just low
ered the time from New York to
Chicago. His elapsed time was 26
hours 50 minutes, lowering the record
by 6 hours 10 minutes. The run was
a grueling one and extremely hard
on the driver, with 230 miles of it
through rain. 200 miles through fog
and 110 miles of detours. Total
mileage was 932, an average of 36.9
miles per hour.
"Baker says the run was the worst
he has ever driven and the car the
BIG IROX PLAXT IS LEASED
General Motors Acquire Another
WAUKESHA. Wis.. July 3. C. A.
Haertel. president of the Waukesha
Malleable Iron company, announced
today that the plant had been leased
to the General Motors company. The
plant is valued at $1,000,000.
Leaving Washington 'about June 14
for Los Angeles, over the Bankhead
National highway, traveling through
the southern states, another motor
convoy is to be despatched by the Mo
tor Transport corps. The trip will
end about September 17, and an aver
age of 44.5 miles a day is planned to
be covered on the 3fi00-mlle Journey.
Lome to this Branch
of the Bearings Ser
vice Company for
genuine, new Timken,
Hyatt, and New Departure
Bearings. Our service is
authorized by the manu
facturers of these bearings.
24 North Broadway.
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Braking System on AC Models
Efficient brakes are a positive essen
tial for the safe operation of a motor
truck. MACK truck designers have
provided the AC models, the heavy
burden bearers of the MACK line, with
the best braking system that is known.
There are two sets of brakes one on
the jackshafts and the other on the
wheels. One set retards propulsion t
the seat of the power and the other at
the point of application. Both sets are
easily, adjustable by hand.'
The jackshaft brakes are of the ex
ternal locomotive type, the shoes being
rigid steel castings deeply finned for
The brake drums are affixed to the
wheels by a bolt through each spoke.
This saves strain on the wheel by apply
ing the strain close to the periphery
and causesthe drum to act as reinforce
ment of the wheel.
The brakes are equalized and the pull
rods so laid out that the axle movement
has practically no effect on brake
action. Setting of the brakes by work
ing of the rods on rough roads is made
Next: The Mack Truck Frame
Motor Truck Corporation
Tenth and Davis Streets