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About The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current | View Entire Issue (July 4, 1920)
AND NOW FORDS AS WELL AS PIERCE-ARROWS CAN RIDE
AROUND ON AIR SPRINGS.
FIRST AUTO LISTS
erson Claims Aired
NOVEL ANGLE PRESENTED
Pioneer in Game Tells of How Idea
Was Born of Car With
THE SUNDAY OKEGOMAN, FORTLAAD, JULY 4, 1920
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Now comes Elwood Haynes. manu
facturer and designer of the Haynes
car, with still another angle in the
celebrated controversy as to who
thought of, designed and actually
built the first automobile. Mr. Haynes'
side of it is that he himself did the
aforesaid thinking,, designing and
building of the only and original first
car. and in witness thereof he has
prepared and submitted the follow
ing affidavit. For the benefit of
those interested in the controversy, it
is herewith appended in full:
"For three or four years before
coming to Kokomo I had been think
ing about the possibility of making a
carriage which could be driven by its
own power. At first my idea was to
run it by steam, but I abandoned that
thousht because at that time I did
not consider it advisable to have an
open fire burning in a vehicle, and
besides I felt that the problem of
carrying a sufficient water supply
was a difficult one. So I gave that up.
"Then I turned my attention to the
internal combustion engine. This
gave me food for thought, and sev
eral times I tried to get around to
Ihe actual planning of the machine,
but my work as superintendent of
the Natural Oas company in Kokomo
kept me too much occupied.
How He Thought of It.
"It was almost midsummer in 1S93
I came to 'Kokomo in December, lS9i
before I was able to give the mat
tor any. serious attention. At that
time I -had no idea whatever of the
automobile as it is today, and nat
urally not of the automobile business.
My sole idea was to see if I could
not make a carriage that could be
driven without horses. After I de
cided to use the gas engine I bought
one from the Sintz Engine company.
It was shipped to me in October or
November of 18113, and I set it up In
my own home. I don't think the
Appersons saw it, or even knew that
1 had it. I remember that a girl who
worked for us at that time asked Mrs.
Haynes if 1 was trying to make a
carriage that would go without
horses, and when she was told that I
was. she said:
"'Well that surely will be a scrump
tious sight you and Mr. Haynes
ridin' down the street in a buggy
without any horse ir. front of it.
"When I got ready to get down to
actual work on the invention 1 asked
Mr. L.affeity regarding a machine
shop where I could get some work
done, which I did not want made
public. 1 realized that my efforts
would awaken a lot of comment and
ridicule if made public and for that
reason as much as anything else, I
wanted everything done confiden
tially. "Mr. Lafferty recommended the
Apperson shop, and said that nobody
was allowed inside it during the day.
So I went there and called on Elmer
Apperson. I had never seen him be
fore. I told him what I wanted, and
he said that they vere not very busy
and that they would be- glad to under
take the work. I asked him if they
would rather do the work from the
drawings and make an estimate, or
would they rather do it by the hour.
He said he would rather take it by
the hour, and in that way. it would
be satisfactory for both of us.
Some Mathematical Problems.
"I told Mr. Apperson specifically
that I would not hold him responsible
for the outcome, but that I did ex
- pect good construction and good me
chanical work, and that I wanted the
work well done.
"Then I brought the drawings for
the machine. The frame was a double
hollow square of tubing; the front
axle was to be swiveled on with a
large ' kingbolt. I had to work out
the pitch of the sprockets and var
ious other engineering items and I
had to use a little trigonometry to do
it. I am quite sure that neither of
1 the Appersons knew much, if any
thing, about engineering or could use
mathematics ' in any way on such a
problem. Elmer not only told me
that he could not calculate the horse
power of an engine, but also told me
that I was the only man in town who
could do it.
"In order to make a machine that
; had a chance to run. it was necessary
. first to determine the amount of trac
tion required to overcome the road
resistance. I h.d no means of doing
that except by having a man on a
bicycle towed behind a buckboard
, hi w ii Dy a norse. i attached a
spring scale to one end of the. tow-
line, and the bicycle -to the. other.
and had a man on the buckboard take
readings of the pull registered on
the spring scale. We kept a record
of the readings, averaged them and
, arrived at the result. The man and
bicycle weighed 200 pounds and the
test shewed that it took 34 pounds
of traction to move this weight, which
gives something like 17 Vs pounds to
the 1000 pounds of weight in a motor
Thin picture ahowa a Ford nape equipped with the new air 'spring for
Ford cars Invented by L.ewla I. Thompson, Portland architect and In
ventor. Xot the air aprinsa just above the front axle on either aide.
Two more of them are on the rear. This device, which la the very latent
thing In Ford ahoek alisorbcra, la known an the Thompaon air aprlng, and
a Ford equipped with them rldea II ke a Plerce-Arrow. Standing bealde
the ear la Martin F. Swift of the Howrll-Swift Tire company, 44.1 Stark
street, which Is Oregon distributor for the Thompaon air aprlng for
car which is about the standard of
"Then it became necessary to esti
mate the torque, which I did by
means of a brake on the flywheel
of the engine. 1 believe it was nine
pounds. 1 was able to determine from
these figures what gear ratio I must
have to drive the vehicle over a level
road. I arranged for two speeds
the low speed just strong enough to
move the machine up a 4 per cent
incline. It could barely do this. On
the other hand it moved right off on
the level road, carrying three men.
"The first drawing I made for the
placing of the engine contemplated
having it horizontal. I abandoned
this, as I saw that a horizontal en
gine would not work practically, and
adopted the vertical installation.
"Now, there may have been some
slight changes in the plans, to enable
the workmen to follow them more
easily,' and if those minor changes
constituted the designing and build
ing of the car, then certainly the
credit for it belongs to the Appersons.
But, if the engineering , plan enabled
them to carry out my ideas and in
structions the idea, the designing
and the drawings and the general
plan then it seems to me the credit
is mine It would have been prac
tically the same machine if built in
any other machine shop in the world
or by any other workmen.
"I did not object to slight changes.
so long as they did not interfere with
the basic plan. For Instance, the
sprocket wheels, which transmitted
the engine power to the rear wheels
by means of ordinary bicycle chains
such as were used then, did not exist
at that time. I designed the sprocket
wheels and calculated ths pitch line.
Most of the work on the machine was
done by Billie Adrain and very little
was done by the Appersons. They
owned and ran the machine shop, and
took my job in at so much an hour, i
Edgar did some work on it, but Elmer
did very little.
wants History Correct.
"I..ater on, when we got into the
business of manufacturing horseless
carriages. I created several more new
ideas. For example, l proposed the
design of the double opposed motor.
The idea was mine, and it was carried
into execution under my direction.
I remember that Henry Ford at one
time came to me and voluntarily said
that he got his start from this very
form of motor.
"I have no desire to take part in
an argument or a dispute. 1 have al
ways avoided this, being content to
allow the facts to carry their own
impression to whomever was inter
ested in the matter. 'All I am inter
ested in is that history shall be cor
rect and fair to all concerned.
"The men who took part in the
work of making the first car of mine
have made affidavit setting, forth
the facts and have Bworn to them.
They did this a long time ago. Noth
ing has ever been produced to refute
these workmen's sworn testimonials.
"(Signed) ELWOOD HAYNES."
Subscribed and sworn to before me
this 17th day of June. 1920.
(Signed) NELLIE A. MANNIAN.
My commission, expires August 17,
13 AUTOS ARE MISSING
HERE'S POLICE BUREAU LIST
1 OR IjAST WEEK.
Auto Theft Department Asks the
Co-operation of Public to Aid
in Recovering Them.
Thirteen automobiles are on last
week's stolen car list of the auto theft
department of the Portland police bu
reau as not yet having beer recov
ered. Co-operation of the public gen
erally is requested by Lieutenant
H. A. Thatcher, head of the auto theft
department, in giving information as
to any of these cars that may be
Following is the list, which includes
two Buicks. one Chevrolet, one Chand
ler, three Dodges, three Fords, a Max
well, an Overland, and a Tulsa, also
Buick. 1920 touring:. Oregon license No.
1557H. motor No. 5BS432.
Buick, 1!H6 touring:. Oregon license No.
14X17. motor No. 14SI405.
Chevrolet. 1U19 touring. Oregon license
No. 251-0. motor 'No. C-2318, black.
Chandler, 191H touring. Oregon license
No. 821-49, motor No. 54570.
Podge. 19l(S roadster. Oregon license No.
4741, motor No. 146172.
Dodge, 1018 touring. Oregon license No.
31K7S. motor No. 39905.
lodge. 1920 touring, Oregon license No.
82998. motor No. 509486.
" Kord, 1914 touring, Oregon license No.
73752, motor No. 121717.
Ford, 1919 roadster, Oregon license No.
15737. motor No. 3042798.
1 Maxwell. 1918, license tags missing, mo-
tor No. 227041.
Overland, 1918 touring. Oregon license
No. 4iio. motor No. 3tbi0.
Tlusa, 1920 roadbter, Oregon dealer's
license 799-A. motor No. 3BS56.
Harlcy-Uavldson. 1919 motorcycle. Ore
gon license No. H-65- motor No. L.-19
When a gasket has been in place
for some time the material often ad
heres so firmly to its base that re
moval is practically impossible with
out tearing the gasket. The way to
obviate this trouble is to give the
gasket a generous coating of graphite,
which prevei.ts adherence and per
mits using the part time after time.
Long Parade of Autos.
There are in round numbers 8.000,
000 motor vehicles in use in the
United States at the present time.
"Make one grand procession of all
these cars," says Howard Greene in
the .May issue of Motor,: "allowing
four feet between cars, and the line
would be 20,000 miles long. If they
traveled 20 miles per hour and -you
made up your mind to watch all of
the procession go by, you would have
to sit on the fence for six weeks, day
and night. That's what 8,000,000 cars
MASTER TRUCK IN PENDLETON TERRITORY HAULS WHEAT UP
GRADES ALMOST UNBELIEVABLY STEEP.
.it- : y
All batteries wear
out in time.
Many a battery
dies long before its
You can't prevent
battery death but
you can postpone it.
Threaded Rubber In
sulation h a 8 been
selected by 13 6 manu
facturers of passen
ger cars and rfotor
Tke track In the plrtare on a recent demonstration conducted by the
branch of W. C. tiarbe, Inc, at Pendleton, hanlrd three tona of mill feed
up grade of 30 per cent and greater thronsh plowed fleldn. The pnr
poae of the teat waa to illustrate the ability .of the track to take on
loada of wheat at almost any place on these raatrrn Oreron wheat
"aches, the topographies of which were not constructed by satire with
a view to making wheat hauling easy. Some grades climbed by the
trnrk were ao ateep that the load had to be tied on to keep the aacka
, from dropping off. This track Is equipped fore nnd nft with Goodyear
pneumatic cord tlrea. which srlve traction where solid tires would allp.
.Many Master trucks are operating now In the eaatcrn Oregon wheat
fields, where they are great favorites with the ranchers.
Ninth and Everett
at Seventeenth j; ; . f ffit
Now Is the Time to
PHOE OR CALL FOR ESTIMATE
Sixth at Marilaon.
A spirited companion for a ivon-'
derful girl and a ns:o?idcrful boy
The Jordan Playboy is
A spirited companion for
a wonderful girl and a won
It's a shame to call it a
roadster, so full is this
brawny, graceful thing
with the vigor of boyhood
It carries two passengers
-three if they're friendly
to the place you have
always longed to go.
It revels along with the
wandering wind and roars
like a Caproni biplane.
It's a car for a man's man
Or for a girl who loves
J O R DA N M O TO R C A R C O
V It's true there's some of
the tang of that rare old
English ale that was brewed
from the . smiles of youth
and old boxing gloves.
How did we happen to
think of it ?
Why a girl who can swim
and paddle and shoot des
cribed it to a boy who loves
the roar of the cut-outJ
We built one and slipped
away from the quiet zone.1
And stepped on it.
And the dogs barked
and boys stopped to cheer.
And people we passed
stopped and looked back
and we were boys again.
The Playboy is built in
limited numbers frankly,
because we love to do it.
Inc. C level an d , Ohio
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BROADWAY at EVERETT