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About The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current | View Entire Issue (July 4, 1920)
DEMOCRATS VOTE CEASELESSLY IN EFFORT
TO NOMINATE PARTY STANDARD-BEARER
THE STJXDAT OHEGOXIAX. rORTXAXD. JUIT 4, 1920 ,
All-night Conferences- Between Forces of McAdoo, Palmer and Cox and Floor Caucuses of Delegates
Fruitless in Effecting Compromise, and Voting Begins With McAdoo in Lead.
AUDITORIUM, SAN FRANCISCO.
July 3. At 9:45 o'clock thts
morning the democratic national
convention was called to order again
and Chairman Robinson ordered the
call of the states to be returned for
nominations for president.
The chiefs of the McAdoo. Palmer
and Cox forces conferred constantly
throughout the night and during: the
early morning- almost vyj to the hour
of the meeting: of the convention. At
9:40 o'clock, the hour of reconvening;,
the emptiness of the convention hall
reflected the sleeplessness of the
night for leaders and delegates, for
all were tlow in arriving:. Despite
that it was the last day of the con
vention, if plans did not miscarry
and everyone was trying to speed up.
It was a slow start. The band and
organ filled in during, the wait.
. Conferences Apparently Kraltlese.
There was conference after confer
ence on the floor as leaders and del
egates came in, but they apparently
were fruitless. There was not a man
on the floor who could show any
evidence to support his prediction of
what was going to happen today.
The total of the last ballot of yes
terday was: McAdoo, 289; Palmer,
264, and Cox, 159, with no others
figuring prominently. The favorite
air for the band seemed to be "I'm
Forever Blowing Bubbles." Kvery
one of the enthusiasts seemed to feel
that the air was particularly, appro
priate for the other fellow. There
certainly was a crop of bubbles being
blown in the convention for some
body, but pobody was wise enough
to forecast whose bubbles were going
to be burst today.
AYllnom Telesrram Read.
Before the roll ot- the states' was
resumed Chairman Cummlngs read to
the convention a telegram from Presi
dent Wilson declaring the course the
party had taken with respect to the
league of nations filled him with con
fidence of victory.
McAdoo led the gains on the first
ballot of the day, but the predicted
elide to him failed to materialize.
Most of the original votes stood fast.
The unofficial total for the three
McAdoo 323V4. Cox 177. Palmer
Unofficial McAdoo (rain was S4 l
Cox gained 18 and Palmer showed
loss of 1 1 Vi-
North Carolina furnished the first
break to McAdoo, the delegates
swinging from Senator Simmons. The
change was expected.
On the fourth ballot the lines were
holding fast and the opposition to
McAdoo was smiling.
Gerard Block Breaks.
The Gerard block In South Dakota
broke, most of them going to Palmer.
On the fourth ballot the solid Ne
braska vote for Hitchock broke, some
going to McAdoo and Meredith xand
Owen. Nevada switched her six from
Cox to McAdoo.
The leaders stood unofficially In the
fourth ballot: McAdoo 339, Cox 178.
All three of the leaders gained
throughout the ballot.
Unofficial McAdoo gain was 15,
Palmer 2V4, Cox 12.
The unofficial standing of the three
leaders on the fifth ballot was Mc
Adoo, 337: Palmer, 244; Cox, 181. Un
official Palmer loss, 10; McAdoo
gained IS and Cox gained 3.
I.lttle Progress Made.
There was little progress toward a
nomination on the sixth ballot. The
leaders, unofficially, stood: McAdoo,
368 V4; Cox, 195; Palmer. 265H. Mc
Adoo gained, unofficially, 11V4; Pal
mer gained 21, and Cox 14.
After -the sixth ballot the delegates
got a welcome chance to stretch
their legs and rest while the organ
played and, a tenor sang "Dear Old
Pal of Mine." The real reason for
the pleasant recess was to give
several delegations an opportunity to
caucus and decide what they would
do on the seventh ballot.
All three of the leaders at the be
ginning of the seventh were stronger
in votes tnan tney had been at anv
time since the balloting began. Palmer
having more than picked up his loss
or tne iiitn ballot.
During the calling of the seventh
ballot New York caucused and a big
break to Cox from the delegation was
Two big breaks to Cox marked the
seventh ballot in the democratic na
tional convention. New York and TCew
Jersey both gave the Ohio governor a
big contribution from their delega
tions, sending the Cox boom upward
to the great delight and demonstra
tion of the forces opposed to McAdoo.
Cox Gains in Seventh,
The changes in the seventh ballot
showed Cox gained 101 voes, Mc
Adoo gained 15Vi and Palmer gained
2. This put Cox in second place for
the first time. All the gains were
made from the field.
Between the seventh and eighth
ballots the Virginia delegates went
out of the hall to caucus and de
cide if they should leave Glass and
to whom they should throw their
14 votes. The McAdoo forces were
waiting and hoping for the block. The
Invisible combination against McAdoo
jfot a great deal of satisfaction over
the gain of Cox, but was forced to
concede that McAdoo still was lead
ing., Iowa was expected also to
break up on the next ballot, throwing
a majority from Palmer to Cox and
some votes probably for McAdoo. The
delegation started out for Meredith.
Iowa delegates at the conclusion of
the caucus said they would stand
solidly for one more ballot for Palmer.
The close of the eighth ballot
showed the three leaders standing:
McAdoo 380. Cox 315, and Palmer 262.
The shifting during the balloting
showed Palmer losing 5, Cox gain
ing 19 Vi and McAdoo losing 4.
New York Breaks First.
The first big break in the solid
delegation came when the New York
delegation of aO swung away from
Governor Smith and gave 68 to Cox.
16 to' McAdoo and scattered its other
votes. The delegates working for
the ! -combination against McAdoo
kicked up a great demonstration in
which the standards of New Jersey,
Indiana, Mississippi, Kentucky, Ohio
and Maryland joined. It was the
first demonstration of a slide to any
body. New Jersey also broke to Cox.
throwing htm 25 from the block that
had been cast solidly for Edwards.
It threw the convention hall into a
tumult again. "He'll beat Harding
in Ohio," was the cry that . rang
through the convention hall. Three
of New Jersey's went to McAdoo.
Cox took the lead in the race dur
ing the eighth ballot, for the first
time today, and passed McAdoo.
McAdoo Regains Lead.
Cox held the lead only a short time,
however, until Texas flopped in her
40 for McAdoo and put him ahead
The Virginia delegation which had
abotit decided to break to somebody
decided not to "because conditions
, did -not justify it."
Nine unsuccessful ballots aroused
taiH or a darn norse.
Neither the Cox, Palmer nor McAdoo
forces snowea any signs of giving
way to one inoiner, out maae steady
V. . . 1 I flnntll.ttn- i . . . l -
Many state delegations continued
casting their ballots fur men they
they have no Idea of nominating sim
ply because their leaders were uncon
vinced at that stage that either of the
big three could win and were holding
back to get on to a compromise move
ment should one appear.
On the ninth ballot Cox gained 6,
McAdoo gained six and Palmer lost 6.
The changes were inconsequential for
purposes of progress toward a nomi
nation and it Was noticeable that an
undercurrent of conferences were go
ing on among state delegation lead
ers in the rather nebulous search for
somebody on whom to coalesce.
Rare Continues Clone.
On the tenth ballot, McAdoo and
Cox were engaged in a tug of war,
each making slight gains at the ex
pense of Palmer or the field, but
neither making any accessions point
ins to "the break" which would nom
inate him. The results of the tenth
showed not a change of a vote for
Palmer, while Cox lost a half vote
and McAdoo won a full vote.
McAdoo had retrieved his slight
loss and Cox continued to sustain
his record of having made a steady
gain on every ballot since the voting
The figures for the leaders on the
tenth were as follows: McAdoo 385.
Cox 321, Palmer 257.
The two-thirds vote necessary to
nominate was the greatest factor
blocking an agreement and many of
the delegate leaders declared that
while "it would always prevent the
nomination of a candidate in a hotel
room at 2 o'clock in - the morning,"
it certainly made it difficult to get
a deadlocked convention together on
a candidate. While- the convention
rested between the 11th and 12th
votes, a big bunch of toy balloons,
which had been brought into the hall
to celebrate somebody's victory, were
bursting all over the hall as the
crowd batted them about.
Cox Passes McAdoo.
On the 12th ballot today. Cox passed
the 400 mark and McAdoo for the
first time and touched 404 votes.
McAdoo on that ballot had 376 H
votes and therefore a veto power un
der the . two-thirds rule of the con
vention. The ruling of the chair was that
the unit rule stood and Cox got the
On the 12th ballot the leaders stood:
Cox 404, McAdoo 375 Ms. and Palmer
These figures gave Cox a gain of
72. McAdoo lost 4 V4 and Palmer
In the midst of the 12th ballot,
the convention went into a great dem
onstration for Cox occasioned by the
breaking of the solid Illinois block of
delegates which threw 30 votes to the
Ohio governor. Following the acces
sions made to the Cox standards from
Indiana and New York, the change in
the voting was the signal for an up
roar, in which state standards were
brought into a parade around the hall
with the usual number of scrimmages
in which the Arkansas standard was
Further Breaks Reported.
The break in Illinois on the 12th
ballot gave Cox 30 more votes to his
string. The Cox people in the con
vention made a great demonstration.
All the votes were taken from Pal
mer and 14 were retained for McAdoo.
Further breaks in the solid delega
tions were reported imminent. The
state delegations' standards which
previously have carried votes to Cox
were raised in the demonstration
which the '-casting of the block of
votes from Illinois occasioned and the
parade for Cox started around the hall
led by Ohio and followed by New Jer
sey, Illinois, Mississippi, Maryland, In
diana, Florida, Kentucky and other
states, whieh had been casting Cox
votes. Rhode Island also fell in.
Iowa flopped to Cox with her whole
26 on announcement and members of
the delegation made a protest de
manding a poll. It was known there
were McAdoo votes in the delegation,
The poll of the Iowa delegation
showed 16 for Cox and ten for Mc
Unit Rule Invoked.
Chairman Marsh of the Iowa dele
gation, then under the unit rule cast
26 votes for Cox. An Iowa delegate
challenged the vote on the ground
that the unit rule had been abrogated
despite the fact that the state conven
tion placed them under it.
Thirteen ballots still found the
democratic convention with'out a nom
inee. Cox continued to climb and had
taken the lead from McAdoo and also
the veto power of one-third which
his opponent had held throughout the
twelfth ballot. Steadily increasing
on every ballot, the Ohio governor
took accessions from many of the
large state delegations and scattering
votes from the smaller ones. On the
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thirteenth ballot Cox, McAdoo and
Palmer stood as follows: Cox, 428 ;
McAdoo. 363 V4; Palmer, 193 Vi
Despite the gain . of Cox, there
seemed no prospect, of enough of a
break to nominate anybody when the
convention went into the fourtetnth
South Carolina, which has been for
McAdoo by a half vote under the unit
rule, was getting ready to break as
the convention went into the four
teenth. All the way up to and through the
fourteenth ballot Virginia stuck to
Glass and West Vircini t,.,.L-
Davis. It was said the Virginia votes
were being held to Glass because they
could not be -wholly turned to Mc
Adoo and West Virginia was sticking
for Davis on the hope that probably
he might be the dark horse.
Standings nn ihn rAn,t..ntk
lot: were McAdoo. 355U.: Km. 44.-.U:
McAdoo Loan Continues.
The convention took 14 halinta in
little less than six actual hours' time
and failed up to , that time to find
a nominee or give any one of the
three principal contenders a majority.
Cox, making steady gains from a
small beginning, made steady acces
sions until he first displaced McAdoo
as the leader and then next ha re
duced McAdoo's yote so that the presi
dent's son-in-law finally had less than
tne one-third veto iSower he had held
at his high-water mark during the
first 12 ballots.
Knthuaiastio over their prospects
tor nominating the governor of Ohio,
the Cox people held a prolonged
The Cox accessions had been made
steadily from some of the large states
w?.,180 from sca"red delegations.
While the demonstrations were go
ing on the leaders conferred. It was
reported from the New York delega
tion that Franklin Roosevelt was be
ing brought out as a vice-presidential
Palmer Group Approached.
On the 15th ballot Palmer lost 15.
McAdoo lost 11 and Cox gained 25.
Just before the 16th ballot etarted,
Thomas B. Love of Texas, one of the
McAdoo managers, approached the
Palmer people asking a conferenc. tn
talk over some means of stemming
mo lm siae ana preventing his nomi
nation. Love asked Vance McCormick
of the Pennsylvania delegation and
Representative Carlin, one of the
Palmer managers, to go Into the con
ference. The Palmer peoDle meamrhn.
talklnST over plans to attempt to ob
tain an adjournment until.8:30 o'clock
toni-ht. There was no indication of
whether others would agree to it. The
probabilities .were that it would not
Dark- Horse Talk Revives.
South Carolina continued to. stick
for McAdoo through the 16th despite
persistent reports of a Breakaway
The platform officials joined in the
.conferences to get an adjournment.
The convention was getting tired and
hungry. Senator Glass, one of the
administration leaders, talking to
"It can't go to Cox."
Glass was asked what would be the
case if Cox got a majority.
"Champ Clark got a majority," re
sponded Glass, "and, every vo'te that
he gets now comes harder."
It was known there were many
votes in the Palmer forces opposed to
McAdoo which also did not want Cox
The prospects of a dark horse were
The increasing vote for Davis on
the 16th ballot brought him forward
again in the discussion as a possible
All three of the leaders lost on the
. Thomas J. Spellacy of Connecticut
moved a recess until 8 o'clock tonight.
There were cries of "no" and de
mands for an aye-and-no vote by
The failure to nominate on the 16th
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ballot ,threw all the leaders off their
feet. Plainly they were at a loss to
know what move tj make next.
After the 16th ballot the conven
tion adjourned for lunch and con
vened again at 8:17 P. M.
. On the 17th ballot Colorado threw
one to Cummings and two to Glass,
bringing them back into the ballot
ing. Palmer and McAdoo stood the
losses. It looked as if the Palmer
people were calling back "borrowed"
Cox lost one In Illinois; Palmer lost
one there, which went to Davis. Mc
Adoo strength there stood. Indiana
stayed with Cox. So did Iowa.
Kansas stuck with McAdoo and
Kentucky remained unchanged, with
23 to Cox and 3 to McAdoo.
Louisiana flopped to Cox with her
whole 20 votes, giving him a gain of
five. The Cox people set up a new
Cox lost one to Palmer In Massa
chusetts and Owen got one which
had been scattered.
Cox took one from Palmer In
Michigan. Minnesota stood un
changed. Cox lost four and a half,
In Missouri, which went to Palmer.
.Montana Solid for McAdoo.
Montana's whole vote of eight went
to McAdoo, taking four from Cox.
McAdoo lost two in Nebraska to Cox.
McAdoo lost one in New Hampshire
McAdoo lost one in New York And
Cox took it.
Cox lost one to Owen in North
The convention went to the ballot
situations and top-notch entertainment value
we'd have folks all hopped up to the point
where it'd be dangerous to fit 'em into
these wide streets of our'n. So
with great forbearance, we
whisper GO! If you
can get in.
for the eighteenth time. As It did
so the word soread about that ad
ministration spokesmen at the con
vention had vetoed Davis and that
the McAdoo and Palmer people were
continuing their efforts to find some
candidate on whom they could agree
to beat Cox. The eighteenth ballot
turned out to be a see-saw contest
without prospect of big changes.
Davis lost one . to Palmer In Illinois'.
Iowa stood solid for Cox.
Kansas stood solid for McAdoo.
That was a fair example of the way
things were going. ,
Louisiana, which had jumped Into
the Cox column on the 17th ballot,
called for a pass, evidently talking it
Palmer got two new ones In Massa
chusetts and Cox lost one.
Oklahoma, In the face of Owen
making gains, stuck to the senator
with her 20. The senator was work
ing among the delegates on the floor
at the time. Pennsylvania made
Palmer's 75 74; Cox lost the one.
McAdoo took three from Cox In
South Dakota and Palmer took one
from the Ohio governor. Tennessee's
24 remained with Davis and the
Texas 40 and the Utah eight re
mained with McAdoo.
Virginia's 24 remained with Glass.
West Virginia's 16 stood firm with
Tennessee divided her 24 votes,
previously given solidly for Davis.
giving Cox 11, Davis 10, McAdoo. Pal
mer and Owen each 1.
The changes on the 18th ballot
were: Cox gained 16, McAdoo lost
1. Palmer 1V4, Davis lost 15.
The next chanre came in Colorado
where Palmer gained two, taking
them from McAdoo.
McAdoo Vained two in Delaware,
taking one of them from Cox.
In Massachusetts Cox lost three to
Palmer lost one In Missouri and
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