The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current, October 05, 1919, Section One, Page 9, Image 9

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    9.
Men's Fall Shoes
NOW WORLD FIGURE
Quality
Styles
THE acme of style and
comfort ; perfect fitting
in every detail; made from
solid leather throughout,
with the finest of linings
and trimmings such are
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$10 and Upwards
jEmir Feisal, Hero of Arab
Amies, Wildly Applauded.
LIFTS STORY DRAMATIC
Direct Descendant of Fropliet Mo-
hammed Gets Rule Over East
ern Syria From British.
TITE SUNDAY OREGOXIAN. PORTLAND, OCTOBER 5, 1919.
IP. J EDI 11- -nc in fni rtn 7H
RULER OF DAMASCUS
BT WILLIAM T. ELLIS.
Copjrrlcat by the New York Hermit) Com
pany. Punished by AmngrroeaLI
DAMASCUS. "When Feisal en
tered Damascus the city went wild.
1 1 was a tumult of Arab demonstra-
:iveness. and in striking; contrast to
'he silence with which the populace
I watched General Allenbjr's formal en
trance into Jerusalem. There were
I no questions In the minds of tne
-nasses when Feisal rode into the city
if Damascus at the head of his Be
'louins. Damascus is a Moslem city,
issociated with the most glorious
I period of Moslem conquest, and the
populace saw in the triumphal entry
f this descendant of the prophet an
iURury of the return of the days of
Islam. So they fired off weapons and
I shouted and sans; and waved branches
ind threw flowers, and hung price-
!ess rus;s out to line the streets. It
mas an Arabian Nights celebration.
such as everybody has read about and
few livins; persons have ever seen."
So spoke an eyewitness of the fall
I f Damascus, who was outlining to
ti how tmlr ei.al. son of King
Hussein, of the Hejaz. has come to
I fill the eye of the -Moslems of Syria
ind even to be accepted by many of
the Christians as ruler of the land.
Of all the romantic figures of this
romantic part of the world none has
ome to occupy such a pivotal place
if power as this 37th in direct line of
lescent from the Irophet Mohammed.
I He is in a sense the key to the Syrian
situation and two European govern
ments court his favor. He cut a wide
I swath in Paris during the peace nego
tiations, where he sat in the confer
ence as his father's representative.
ind when he came home on a French
I war ship the rumor ran throughout
'he astonished land that he' had de
serted the British and gone over to
the French. Such are the grave de
ductions the sensitive east draws
l.'rom the slightest actions.
Felaara Story of Interest.
Emir FeNal's story is motion pic-
Iture material. Like many children of
powerful Mecca families, he was sent
off in early childhood into the desert
to grow up wild with the tribes. This
was to insure his physical vigor.
Later he was given a scholastic edu-
I cation at Constantinople. When he
returned to Mecca, a gilded city youth.
w Ith all of Constantinople's contempt
for the ways of the desert, his father
straightway sent him out to guard
line caravan roads.
Feisal says that experience made
him. He had become an effete city
man. sophisticated, fashionable and
strong; In the weaknesses of the ur
ban ite. Suddenly he found himself
thrown on his own resources, com
pelled to lead wild men who would
follow nobody who was not a better
man than themselves. Life was on
ihe most primitive basis and ever
close, to a violent death. There was
nothing In Constantinople fashions to
I prepare the gilded youth for this.
Familiarity with cafes and music gar
dens was no preparation for long
desert marches, with only so much
fcod as one could rustle and carry
at the pommel of his saddle.
Those primitive days proved the
real met ia of the man. lie learned
how to live down to the level of the
Htdouin in the tents of goats' hair.
V Ith no wardrobe except the gar
ments he wore, he learned, like his
ancestors before him. to endure the
heat of the sands by day and the cold
of the desert winds by nisht. How
to go hungry, and how to ftast as a
Ij-jlly comrade with fellow soldiers
utter a successful raid, were lessons
not taught in the schools of stambouL
Also the scion ot Arabia's noblest line
was initiated into the democracy of
the desert, and he had to prove his
kingship by his can-ship. He mad
good. A crack shot, a daring rider,
a fearless fighter, a resourceful lead
er. Feisal came to his own In those
years which he had so dreaded when
first they were imposed upon him by
his Spartan father. No Arab in Arabia
was more fit than Feisal after his
desert training.
Arab a ad Brltaa Bsrasae Brelfcf rs.
Then befell the great war. with a
decision in the east essential. A rare
and remarkable young man out of
I Oxford university, a poet by choice, an
archaeologist by profession, an adven
turer by destiny. T. E. Lawrence be
came the most powerful shaping in
fluence In Great Britain's Arabian
policy. The story Is not about him
or his adventures how. for example,
he visited I Damascus in uniform dur
ing the German occupation and
learned the plans and disposition of
the enemy troops, lie was the dash
ing leader of raids upon the Turkish
line, and a price of half a million dol
lars was eventually put upon his head
by the Turks.
Lawrence was responsible for the
scheme of setting up a separate Arab
kingdom In the Hejax. backing the
claims of Hussein to the shereefiate
anil making htm king. So it was
done. " Lawrence became leader of the
sherefian or Ifejaz forces, nominally
on the staff of Prince Feisal. The
two became as David and Jonathan.
It was through Lawrence that I first
met the emir in London. When last 1
saw his hichness In Damascus he la
mented that Colonel Lawrence had
met with an airplane accident in Italy
while flying to Damascus to counsel
with his friend In the present crisis.
levout and ardent was the expressel
desire of the harassed emir for the
presence of his British brother.
I like Feisal. lie is a real man and
a charming one. When I saw him In
I,ondon and Parts he wore Arab dress;
In Damascus he received me In im
maculate French morning clothes!
Like his many other friends. 1 am
more concerned about his. health than
about his political future. Wherever
he is he will be an influence for tol
erance, broad-mindedness and prog.
ress among his Moslem compatriots
and followers.
The fact of Fetsal's political head
ship of at least that part of Syria
which is tributary to Damascus Is so
naturally taken for granted that few
stop to asg how It all rame about.
Why should Feisal. who Is not a Syr
Ian at all. but a Hejax Arab from
Mecca, be nominally sovereign in
Damascus. whi! his father's flag,
that of I ho Hejas. Is flown as the
Syrian emblem? The answer might
be given in Kingsley's famous phrase.
"I had a friend." Because Lawrence
is Feisal's Fides Achates, he is today
sitting upon the uncomfortable throne
of Damascus.
Just as the creation of Hussein as
the king of the Hejax made Great
itritain dominant over the Arabs of
the h.lr I'rounc. so the placing of
Fisal in iiuthority at Damascus gives
Great I'i it.nn paramount Influence in
Fall Shoes for Women
Quality
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go awry, will be a buffer between the
French In Western Syria and the
precious Mesopotamian Interests.
Moreover. It was in line with Kng-
land's historic policy of cultivating
Moslem good will that a descendant
of the Prophet should be established
at the seat of the ancient glories of
Islam. As another valid reason. el
sal could be depended upon to be
"good" that Is. to do what the Brit
ish want him to do. Common report
has It that the present British, staff
at Damascus are not always as con
siderate of the Emir's dignity and
feelings as Colonel Lawrence has ever
been. They take the position that,
since Great Britain pays the bills of
this new government, she should call
the tune to which it marches. With
out this British subsidy. Emir Feisal
would be in straits. '
Damascus Kaalr to America.
I go no step beyond what was given
to me for publication when I write
that, despite his friendship for Great
Britain. Emir Feisal prefers American
tutelage for Syria. In common with
most Syrians, he looks upon a man
datary as an evil, though a necessary
evil. He shares the common belief
that America will do most for Syria,
take least from Syria, and finish up
the task and leave Syria soonest.
Repeatedly Emir Feisal told me that
since America has started this passion
of patriotism, this ardor for national
ism, this longing for liberty, in the
minds of Syrians for he truces the
present movement back even beyond
the American war aims to the pres
ence of American schools, among
which the American university at
Beirut IB paramount therefore, Amer
ica is in honor bound to see It
through. "Why did America teach
us the great words of freedom and
independence If she does not mean to
show us how to use them for their
ultimate purpose? Syria is looking; to
America to save her 'from spoliation
by Europe."
Much more In the same strain his
highness uttered. He was singularly
unreserved, and asked me specifically
to print his statement that before
Syria will accept France as a manda
tary the people will fight. He re
counts with bitterness incidents of
what he terms French misrule In
Beirut and the Lebanon. Even his
own motor car was arrested for dis
playing an Arabian flag.
Upon the subject of Zionism he Is
equally emphatic . In France he gave
a general letter of good will to the
Zionist officials, but he is Inclined to
repudiate even that at present, insist
ing that Syria shall be one and un
divided, with the Zionist hopes for
rule In Palestine forever squelchtd
and with immigration of Jews for
bidden. Should the general desire for a
united Syria be acceded to by the
Paris conference and France awarded
the whole, where would Emir Feisal
be? Great Britain values good rela
tions with France above her cove
nants with Feisal and the Syrians.
Unexpectedly, however, Felsel has de
veloped real strength as ruler of the
Syrians, for in the orient government
has always been personal. The Mos
lems especially are keen for him, and,
since France has definitely aligned
herself behind the Latin branch of
Christendom, there is a real religious
as well as political issue joined. Con
ditions may easily arise which will
split the present unity of all religions
which characterizes Syria s devotion
to nationalism. Then but this arti
cle does not enter the domain of
prophecy.
Phone your want ads to The Orego
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for service to guests, whether
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For pleasant, outside rooms; light, well-venti
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For a cuisine that embraces all the seasonable deli
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22
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