The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current, September 07, 1919, SECTION FIVE, Page 7, Image 79

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    what Is known as the Standard model
for 1920.
Profiting by experience with, the An
niversary model. Appersons decided
that a car of quality could be mar
keted at less than J3000 provided the
elaborate Trills" of decoration and ap
pointment were omitted.
"In the Anniversary model Is to be
found every extra feature, such as
metal instrument board, added nickel
plating; special fancy grades of leather
for upholstery, etc, and for those who
want every minute feature of the 15000
and $4000 cars, the Apperson Bros, have
added the Standard model, which is
"all car." equipped with the famous
Apperson Eight motor, the "eight with
80 less parts (through the elimination
of a complete cam shaft and trigger
board with the multitude of parts)."
said Mr. Flke. . i
"The Apperson Btanaaro nas a
inch wheel base and is from end to
nd Apperson in aU the striking con
structional advantages that have made
the name famous, with a body whlon
comes from the drafting rooms of one
of New York's famous designers ana
Is expressive of the post-war trends
both in Europe and in the east.
"The lines of the radiator and the
location and shaping of the louvres are
particularly good.
-Two bodies are offered, a seven
passenger touring and a four-passenger
four-door sportster, both of which are
capable of SO to 65 miles an, hour,
while the motor is rated at 0 horse
power. The standard color offered is
thistle green.
"As to operation and upkeep. 11 to
IS miles per gallon of gasoline is com
mon experience, depending on the care
of the driver, the highway conditions
and whether the travel Is continuous
or punctuated by frequent stopa.
"It Is expected that this new Ap
rerson Standard model will arouse un
usual interest and a big sale is pre
dicted, as the Apperson Standard at
tracts a large and definite class of
motorists who have hitherto never had
a ear built to meet their needs.
-Owing to the material situation, as
a result of post-war conditions, it was
Impossible to get the Standard models
ready for exhibition at the winter
shows, but these new Appersons will
be on display in dealers' showrooms
the country over during the early
spring. In the meantime the Kokomo
company Is taking care of the demand
for the big Anniversary models, de
liveries of which are being made
Too Many Motorists Neglect Them
to Injury of Motor.
Tn an article In the Hay issue of
MoToR on valves and valve stems. H. A.
Tarantons calls attention to the vitally
Important part played by th. valve
stem, which is often neglected by the
car owner, who forgets its essential
"-While it Is important.- says Mr. Ta
rantous. "that the valve head be prop
erly cooled and maintain Its correct
shape, the valve stem also plays an Im
portant part n valve operation. The
stem moving up and down In a guide
rarely gets proper lubrication. Some
owner never bother with them at all,
depending on the little oil that leaks
down through the valve opening. In
some engines the entire valve mechan
ism is exposed to an oil spray. Worn
valve tems, bent stems or tight stems
cause all sorts of trouble to the owner.
A worn stem Is likely to cause a tap
ring noise every time the valve Is lift
ed: it also permits of oil in quantity
leaking down through the guide and it
may allow air leakage to dilute the
mixture. '
"Look at your own engine and notice
If there Is ell all over the valve mecha..
lsm. the tappets and top of the crank
case on that side. If yon look closely
you may tint that it leaks down
through the valve stem g Ides. Wear
at this point is not always of the valve
stem: the guide may wear, but the re
sult Is the same. If the valve stem is
badly worn there is nothing left to be
done except to install a new valve, or.
if there are removable guide bushings,
a rew bushing of such slse as to fit the
valve stem. Where the valve stem op
erates in an Integral cast iron .--Ida,
you have no such choice.
"Exhaust valves more than Intake
valve are subject to valve stem car
bonization.' Naturally a deposit of car
bon on the stem not only opts the stem
l .. Km. alar, nr.v.n 1m fj aa oner-
ation of the valve. Somj owners squirt
a little kerosene over m
at intervals, in the hope of rttin? the
carbon. Thebest plan is to remove the
valve and get rl of the carbon by re
polUhloc the atam with a piece of em-
the nation a spirit favorable rot only
to highway transport itself, but also
has brought home to the people the
need for the construction of more and
better roads over which this transport
can be carried in the future and has
aroused the communities to the neces
sity of turning- their expensive road
systems, now looked upon as an expen
sive luxury, into community earning
"Back of the construction of any
highway the end sought Is economic
transportation. This being the goal,
highway construction carries with It
the obligation of so building in the
first place that the community may
get the most out of the road when It
Is completed. Completion of a road
means these days, however, something
besides construction, machinery, ma
terials, labor and brains. Traffic must
be brought Into the picture and this
la the specific work of the highways
transport committee.
"Under its form or operation me
committee serves as a clearing-house
in passing along to the -various states
and communities lessons which have
had to-do with all phases of highway
Mr. Cravens proceeds to indicate In
detail the specific activities which the
committee intends to stimulate. The
encouragement of rural express is one.
Another is the co-operation with rail,
electric and water transportation lines
to have the motor truck freight car
rier act as a feeder for these other
transport agents. Stimulation of food
production naturally follows. Still
another of the committee's activities
Is the keeping open of the roads during-
snow falls and In emergencies of
various kinds; a road Is only useful
when It Is open to traffic.
The article is extremely Interesting
and good roads men all over the coun
try will be glad to have it called to
their attention.
Dealer Here Explains Latest In
vention of United States Tiro Com
pany as First Aid to Motorists.
Many motorists are unaware how
simple a matter It Is to make a tem
porary repair of a puncture.
The United States Tire company says
the invention of Its cementless patches
has removed the terror from punctures
when garages and telephones are not
close at hand.
"The 'cementless patch bears that
name because no cement has to be used
to apply the patch." explains Mr.
Clark, dealer here In United States
tires. "As a matter of fact, the patches
are already smeared with the neces
sary gum, and all the motorist has to
do to have a well-gummed patch avail
able Is to tear from the surface of the
patch a covering of cambric which
guards the sticky surface until the
patch Is used. .
"If the shoe has not been badly dam
aged, attention need be paid only to
the hole in the Inner tube. The victim
should first rough up the surface of
the inner tube around the puncture
with a piece of sand paper. This will
make the patch adhere bettor. .Then
pull the cambric facing off the patch
and moisten the sticky surface with a
rag dipped in the gasoline tank. This
moistening makes the cement more
"tacky," or sticky. Then apply the
patch. The next step is 'to put the
patch under pressure. For this purpose
one's foot may be used, or the tube may
be placed under one of the wheels of
the car.
"This patching should be considered
only aa temporary, but sometimes such
patches will wear a week or two with
out slipping.
"If the case is badly damaged the
motorist Is advised by the United States
Tire company to put in one of its
never-creep fabric patches. These
patchea fit Inside the casing and lap
over under the bead and are thus kept
tn place. These patches prevent blow
outs and further weakening of the
casing and will serve for severa" weeks
if necessary."
ord for economy. Figures proving a
new average tire mileage of more than
14.600 miles to every set. have been
disclosed In the country-wide Investi
gation of tire facts, conducted by the
Franklin Automobile company of Syra
cuse, N. Y.
Results are based entirely on figures
submitted by owners and are the out
come of a great mass of data, with the
elimination of all special cases not
backed up by the actual speedometer
readings of the owners and drivers of
the cars.
More than two years' time was re
quired for the completion of the mile
age reports. It is .significant that the
series 9 Franklin, on which the investi
gation was based, was first put out in
the fall of 1916 and in nearly every case
the original tires lasted through the
first' two seasons during which the car
was used. So great was the life of
the tires that, despite the elapse of
two full seasons of use, many owners
were unable to report a complete mile
age for theii cars and instead submit
ted figures showing what, mileage the
tires had run to the date of the In
Several scattered report to the
Franklin offices during the compilation
of the records show that certain tires
have been used far In excess of 20,000
miles, but as these reports. In nearly
every case, were submitted by Indi
vidual tire dealers and not by the own
ers themselves, the figures were not In
cluded in the national average.
The figures covered every type of
Franklin of the present series, both
open and inclosed. Every section of
the country was represented and Inter
esting facts of climatic and geographic
conditions and their effect on tires also
were obtained.
Less than 8 per cent of the tires war
discarded because they were worn out.
Many of the tires exceeded the 20,000
mile mark, and better than 10 per cent
covered 18.000 miles and were still in
use on the cars.
As proof that luck as an element In
punctures is merely incidental, the fig
ures reveal that of all the cars report
ed there was an average of 630feuno
tures to 6,260,638 tire miles; or, to put
the result in a different manner, atnh
set of tires ran 4141.2 miles before a
puncture was recorded.
One of the most Interesting tmrtm Am.
closed was that less than one-half of
the Frar.klln owners ever carry spare
tires and then, in the great majority
of cases, only when the tires are Hear
ing the end of their long period of
countless additional facts of tire
usage of various models prove that
Franklin scientific lla-ht weight man
ciples are correct in giving long tire
me. in .rranjenn light total weight,
light unsprung weieht and shock ab
sorbing qualities of construction again
receive national Vindication.
HOOD RIVER Heights Garage.
KLAMATH FALLS Charles B. Johnson.
LA GRANDE C R. Leighton and F. E. Oxner.
ABERDEEN Searls Spencer, 317 E. Wbhkah St
VANCOUVER Cherry & Cherry.
Dealers wishing to make inquiry concerning, open territory nou!rJ aMres the home office at Denver
Gates Half-Sole Tire Gates Tested Inner Tubes Gates Fabric Tires
tr--s r.- tr ra . .... a faa.rf
Ptf: .
n - .mf
f Wii-arfiirhh-Mih if fry .it in'mviiiftai Trf nifc -nr --ir-i iutt i
HtWi 1, if."
Harry Iiyoa Gets Tired of Figuring
' Up Just How Many Shops and
Mechanics Are on Job.
A pencil, a piece of paper and a little
thlnkinr will bring some astonishing
results pertaining to the automobile
Industry, according to Harry Lyon of
CMr LevyLargues that a safe estimate
is that there are 6.000.000 cars in use
in this country at the present time The
modern automobile is a dependable
piece of machinery, yet it needs a little
of attention in the way of being oiled
valves ground, brakes adjusted, oil
drained, etc about so often, no matter
how good or how poor.
So, he has figured that each car in
the country will see a shop on the aver
age of two whole days of eight hours In
each year. That Is equivalent to 12,
000 000 days or 100.000,000 hours of an
eight-hour day. Then, if the charge
averages a dollar an hour the repair
shops would take In $100,000,000 a year.
"Supposing each shop In the country
could take care of an average of five
cars a day, putting In full eight hours
on each," said Mr. Lyon, "this would
require about 6000 shops, each work
ing 385 days a year, and each taking
care of five cars every day and to the
tune of eight hours for each car. I am
not .repared to say these figures are
correct, for I don't believe there are
that many shops, nor would they aver
age so high In the number of cars han
dled, which means that a good many
people must take care of their own
cars, and that they have little trouble
with them." -
Spark Advance.
The car owner should keep in mind
that one of the most prolific causes of
i i,AoHt0- i rirfvlner on a re-
engine wgi u7-"e - , .
tarded spark. The cause Is obvious, the
explosion taKing piao wu" -mum
of the cylinder wall Is uncovered
instead of the minimum, as is the case
when the Ignition takes place at upper
dead center, the piston being at the top
of Its stroke.
Short Circuits.
There is frequently danger of short
circuits in the battery because of the
fact that one of the terminals is located
near the metal handle used for lifting
the battery. To obviate this danger it
is only necessary to Blip a short length
Don't forget, above all else, that
an automobile is a fine piece of ma
chinery and that you will be repaid in
excellence of service many times for
the cars and attention given it.
An' Institution Not a Mere Office for a
Salesman or Two
A Truck Is No More Efficient Than the
Service That Goes With It.
305 Main St,
Vancouver, Wash.
Park and Everett Sts.,
Portland, Or.
of rubber tubing over the wire at the
point where the contact might be made.
To do this the tubing should be slit
lengthwise, slipped over the wire and
taped firmly In place. It Is a good plan
to follow this practice wherever there
Is danger of the wires rubbing off their
Insulation and so establishing a short
Piston Ring Losses.
Losses through leaking piston rings
commence with the suction stroke,
when there is a vacuum of as much as
ten pounds per square inch, slightly de
creasing and debasing the incoming
charge. On the compression stroke the
leakage Increases, under a pressure of
as much as sixty or seventy pounds. On
the power stroke the pressure is quad
rupled and here occur the greatest
losses through leakage. The moral of
all this Is to keep the piston rlnps in
condition to perform efficient service.
Battery Connections.
Horseshoe nails may be made into
very satisfactory battery connections
by soldering about a foot of Insulated
wire, one nail on each end. The nails
are then driven into the battery post
under the connector. If the nails get
dull.or bent they may easily be sharp
ened or straightened again.
x Reason for
After buying their fifth Federal, a promi
nent Portland Transfer Company says:
"We believe Federals to be the most dur
able and economical motor truck oh the
" In the superior service we render Federal
owners there is a tremendous advantage
that no truck buyer can disregard. We are
eager to explain fully. Ask for Traffic
60 N. Broadway, at Davis. Broadway 321.
Oldest Motor Car Organization on the
Pacific Coast.
Branches at San Francisco, Oakland, Los
Angeles, San Diego, Seattle, Portland.