The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current, September 07, 1919, SECTION FOUR, Page 9, Image 69

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Sterling Heili Tells Secret of How French Government, Out of Sheer Gratitude, Wished Not to Take American
Soldiers' Money, Hence Hurried Them Away.
- " ,
TTlCHT, Frmnca. Aug-. 10. (Special
Do you know why they shoo-ed
the boys out of Paris early in July?
And you fellows who were at Vichy,
or Grenoble, or Tours, or Bordeaux, or
DUon, or say, even at Toul or Eplnal
or Le Havre, or Toulouse, or Tarbes,
or any of those blgr French towns, did
you not notice. In those last days, hew
the natives were whispering behind
your backs, and looking at you. guilty',
looking, bzzs! bxzs! talking secrets?
Tea. and did not crowds of them call
to you. as the troop-train rolled out,
some phrase that you did not catch.
In all that racket, yet seemed so ye
gretful and so friendly?
Here's the whole story:
Many officers and doughboys know it.
The French were getting ready to
open their watering-place casinos, the
first summer after the war, and they
were scared stiff lest so many Ameri
can soldiers in Franca might not delay
Tou know how it was at Nice and
Monte Carlo? At iionte Carlo (which
isn't France) you could see the gam
bling (at a distance), but they would
not let you in beside the tables. In
your uniform; and at Nice, the Jetty
fier was a T. M. C A. and nothing do
tng at the
up for the duration of the war, and
soon to re-open. That's it. They had
not passed the new Jaw, then, about
prohibiting public gaming-tables IS
miles from a big city; and it affects
only Paris and Besancon, anyhow!
So, you see, the boys came darned
near seeing it!
. Just one swat at the baccarat of Alx-
Ies-Bains! Just one whirl with the lit
tle horses of Luchont Just pne bounce
with the gum ball at Bigorre, or Cau
terets, or Contrexevllle. or Bourboulls
Just one punch at the rosy life of the
casinos! One fairy twilight in the
magic gardens! One reach for that
easy money on green tables, to be
burnt by tinkling fountains in pink
moonbeams, while ths orchestra is
Gosh, didn't we fight for France?
Let us inl
Didn't we see these places when they
were dead? Let us take a peek at
them come back to life!
Now, you know why Franea was
worried and whispering in early July,
when a million of the boys were idling.
still, in France, awaiting transporta
tion and the health-resort casinos
were all opening! Shall we rob these
dear lads who have fought for us and
saved us? Shall we take their money
at the gum ball? No, a million times
no! France does not eat that bread!
Come back, next year, in civilian
clothes, boys; and we will be glad to
Casino; but. as everybody
knew, in ordinary times, here were the I see you!
spots w here American tourists could I Be sure the casinos will be open,
make 'em whirl dizzy, and only closed ! Ia the year before the war, the eas
- As
Ino of Nice, with Its little horses and
baccarat, confessed earning 8,000,000
francs profits. And other well-known
ones as follows: Trouville, 3,400,000
francs; Aix-les-Bains, 2,900,000 francs,'
Vichy, 2,800,000 francs; Biarritz, 2,600,
000 francs; Nice (Jetty-Pier, which our
Y. M. C. A. had) 2,100,000 francs;
Dieppe, 1.800,000 francs; Boulogne,
1,400,000 francs; and Cannes, 1,100,000
Rake-Off "Worth While." .
Thus, ten well-known health-resort
casinos in various parts of France
cleared 34,000,000 francs profits in 1913,
by honest, permitted rake-off, or per
centage, on the gambling. Suppose it
to have been the 10 per cent they now
take; it would represent 340,000,000
francs won and lost.
But. you may answer, I have cited
only nine localities, making a total of
only 23,000,000 francs. True, there was
Enghien, before the war, an obscure
town nine miles from Paris, on a little
lake. Natural sulphur springs there
cured (and still do cure) catarrhs and
eczemas; but, not by trainloads and
trainloads of people, wildly anxious to
get to Enghien as they did in the
three short years before the war!
Enghien. that little, dull, lost health-
resort, nine miles from Paris, became
immediately so rich and prosperous, as
soon as it had public gambling, that
the municipality could not think of
enough improvements to make, to spend
Its surplus! Enghien became a fairy
spot of smartness and luxury.
Why. the Enghien gaming tables had ,
102 erouplers; and they admitted that
they had received. In 1912, nearly
2,000,000 francs in tips, above their
wages! They were the servants who
spin the gum ball, run the little horses,
shuffle, pay over, rake in, act as look
out, and change money. They con
fessed 3400 apiece, in tips. Doubtless
they bad double. Hundreds of private
motorcars and taxi-autos dashed con
tinually into Enghien from Paris. The
tourists spoke every language. Eng-
hien's profits from the tables were
9,400,000 francs in 1912 and the French
government desired to tax that rake
off, tax the tables, tax the waters, tax
the croupiers, tax everything!
Then came the war. And heroism.
And morality.
The war showed France to be a
serious, thoughtful nation. It made
many reforms; but among the greatest
must be put the new anti-gambling law
of July, 1919, which prohibits public
tables at any health resort within 18
miles of a city of the first class. There
are two such Enghien and the Baths
of La Mouilliere, outside Besancon.
And the remainder? Sapristi! And mille
millions de tonerres! You don't want
to ruin the French countryside, do you?
The others remain, of course! There
are 1063 of them.
That's right.
The new French anti-gambling law
leaves 1053 health resorts of moun
tains, countryside and shore where pub
lie gambling tables are permitted, reg
ulated and so heavily taxed by gov
ernment that they bad to boost the
kitty, rake-off, or percentage, so that
all may still profit. The nine I told
you were the big casinos. The remain
ing 1044 are the little casinos. All
keep up improvements, gardens, foun
tains, music, fireworks, and "attrac
tions" opera, music halls and pictur
esque local fetes on the gambling con
cession. Playing Little Horses.
. The most ridiculous, Jolliest little
place J ever visited was Eaux-Chaudes.
in the Pyrenees "hot waters" lost be
tween two mountain passes, perched on
the precipitous Gave of Ossau, where
there is scarcely standing room for the
For amusement, you lie on your back
and watcn the eagles soaring around
the peaks. Otherwise you bathe, soak,
drink the waters, sleep and play the
little horses. .
We played ten-cent pieces at Eaux-
Chaudes. An elderly gent actually tried
to shoot himself one day when he had
lost his all, but was so nervous that he
only put a hole in his hat. We stopped
him and restaked him. It cost $3.
Mothers, daughters, uncles, aunts and
all the rest (the waters cure neuralgia
and chronic rheumatism, really) flocked
to the Casino when the fat boy rang the
welcome dinner bell.
Most of us played the "bands" even
money win or lose 10-cents, 20-cents,
40-cents (the maximum) each time the
ball falls. Because, while they still
call it little horses, the real little horses
went out of style, even up here in the
lost peaks, five years before the war.
There was too much machinery to those
little tin animals careering round a
green baize track suspicions were
whispered. Now, it is a bounding rub
ber ball that dances and hops crazily
all over a vast cup-shaped circular lay
out, and finally settles in one of the,
numbered boles with which the layout
is covered.
But the "tapis," or "carpet," where
you place your money is the same as
little horses. So, the chances.
Six! Our band wins. Croupiers rake in
the money from the opposite band.
N'urmurs of disappointment, will that
dame throw herself into the Gave?
No, she is hurrying to her trunk for
more money to stake. Two! Our band
wins again. We have four numbers,
and there are five out against us the
four numbers which belong to the
opposite band, and No. 5 in the
middle, which is the bank's "zero."
Five I Everybody loses! Monsieur
John-ston, you are respectfully prayed
to never speak aloud that accursed
number Five! Bet on it, if you wish to.
Surely, you can bet on the bank's num
berthe bank has always eigr nura
bers against you, and pays only seven
your bet when you win. Five! What?
Again? AH whisper that the game is
crooked.' But we go on playing; and
it is a queer thing, nobody bets on that
number live, wnich they are so sure
wins crookedly. Observe the old maid
from Toulouse. She has jist won three
francs 50 at one clip on number nine.
She tips the croupier ten-cent like a
lady. "
Government Is Interested.
Cheap piking? Yes; but every time
the ball whirls, the establishment wins
franc, or 20 cents, supposing that each
of the nine numbers is covered with
only 1 franc. And the rest in propor
tion. One hundred and fifty whirls
yesterday earned the "concession"
about $85.
Deputy Kerguezac, in 1913. calcu
lated that the 200 then supervised ca
sinos really earned 60,000,000 francs per
year, from which the government got
only about 7,500,000 in taxes. But the
800 other little casinos not, before the
war, deemed worth while risking a
gaming commissary's salary, what are
they, now, going to win for France?
A cinch! A cinch! A rich affair!
In all these little watering-place towns,
the municipality used to put on volun
teer inspectors, foro fairnerr; but no
body knew what profits they aggre
gated. Only now, since the law of
July, It Is supected that they may
brine un the annual earning ag
gregate to 100,000,000 francs all
raked off from decent, honest, family
gambling, in modest-priced resorts ol
mountains and sea. where folks are
getting back their health.
Before the war, the French govern
ment was in a quandary. -
The system was alleged to be not
Yet the French government needed
the money.
And that is nothing.
France, also, needed the money.
"Look out!" warned the late, lament
ed Gaston Calmette. in his last Figaro
editorial, the day before Mme. CaiUaux
shot him in the Btomach. "Think of
France! Do not touch French pros
Why, listen! The profit was not
alone in the rake-off, but in the
money-spending crowds attracted to
the resorts by pleasure of the razzle-
dazzle, the gaming tables and all that
they imply. American tourists, alone,
the year before the war, got rid of, L e.
spent, some 3100,000,000 (dollars, not
francs!) in France, beautiful France
How much of it went to the resorts,
inboard, pleasures and idle purchases,
with easy money setting the example?
Take the most American resort of
all Aix-les-Bains. You soldier boys
who sprawled in its best hotels have
an idea of what the life must have
been. Folks went to Aix for their
health, yes; but also for the gorgeous
public life, the gardens, fountains, mu
sic, ' fireworks, gymkhanas, races,
promenades and serenades by moon
light! ,
France STeede Money.
Since the war, France is quite sure
she needs the money.
"Take the casino of Aix-les-Bains."
says the senator of Savoy, "take Just
the oaslno, not the Villa des Fleurs,
counted apart. The casino alone earned
in 1912, some 2.900,000 francs. Yet how
much of it did the seven speculators
who ran it divide among themselves?
A bare 140,000 francs aoiece! On the
other hand, they contributed 600,000
francs to the French government, and
gave a million toward the attractions.
fireworks, flower-battles and aero
plane races of Aix-les-Bains!"
Skip to the mountains of Dauphiny.
Thousands of our soldier boys know
Urinage, near Grenoble. The Y. M. C. A.
had Uriage casino for a rest area.
As late as 1830, Uriage was a torrent-swept
ravine, the haunt of bear
and wolf. There was a venerable
chateau, high-perched. Beiow it
swirled hot, ill-smelling waters, lost in
a morass. One Bernard Brun, a farmer
of the Chartreuse nuns pf Premol, no
ticed that his' livestock reveled in
these waters. It was the start. If the
waters would rejuvenate cows, they
might rejuvenate men. Brun knew
nothing of the antique history of these
forgotten Roman baths in Gaul how
a- cataclysm turned the devastating
Komanche on the little valley while
the barbarian Visigoths were soaking
out their rheumatism in the marble
basins. But he saw money in it, and
began taking boarders from Grenoble
The young Count de Feriol made ex
cavations. He found marble basins,
statues of Aesculapius and Mercury,
cement pipes, jewelry and ex-votes.
in uauo-iiom&n times, here stood a
town of white villas amid roses, with
bazaars, fortune-tellers, dancing girls
and gaming tables right here, on the
present site of my beloved Uriage!
The life was the same in Uriage
A. D. 170 as in Uriage A. D. 1913. I'm
sorry, boys, you missed it. It is the
same again in August, A. D. 1919. Time
changes, but these European water
ing places are eternal. They are eter
nal on one condition that you make
them attractive. Some localities sleep
for a thousand years. A magic touch
awakens them. Whose touch?
It seems to be the croupier's.
Fighting Dog That Never Loses His Temper When He Is Hurt Finally
Discovers His Mission and Destination and Trouble Follows.
Deer Creek Mine Section to Have
Forest-Salmon River Line.
LEWISTON, Idaho, Sept. 6. (Special.)
The survey for a road into the Deer
creek mines district is to begin next
week, according to a report made here
today by T. W. Carrick, engineer for
the Cramont highway district, who is
in Lewiston. The road will be 12 or
13 miles in length and will extend from
Forest to the Salmon river, which it
will touch at a point near the mouth
of Eagle creek.
The season has disclosed that the dirt
roads of the Craig mountain section
will not sustain the constantly increas
ing auto traffic Ultimately rock sur
facing will have to be undertaken.
THE children wanted a dog and a
friend of ours recommended a bull
terrier. He said a bull terrier was
fine for children, because he was a
fighting dog and never lost his temper
when he was hurt.
"A quick tempered dog," said the
friend, "will snap when a child pokes
him in the eye. A bull terrier knows
instinctively that ' he must keep his
temper or lose his fighting edge. So
when ha is hurt, instead of seeing red,
he merely smiles good naturedly and
goes on fighting."
"What do you mean'--goes on fight
ing?" I said. "Does he go on fighting
with the child?"
"Certainly not. If it is a child that
hurts him he wags his tail in token of
forgiveness and thereafter keeps out. of
reach. If it is another dog, be closes
in and finishes him."
This sounded very reasonable, so we
bought a bull terrier. He was a very
small bull terrier when we bought him.
He didn't look as if he would ever grow
up into a fighting dog at alL
But very early in his career he seemed
to become aware of his mission in life.
All dogs chew things, but this dog not
only chewed them; be destroyed them
He rehearsed future fights all over the
house and always came out winner,
It takes considerable dog to wreck
a piano, but this one did it without the
least trouble. When he bad reduced the
legs 'to pulp he decided that the first
round was hie, but remembering that
his adversary might still possess a wai
lop. he climbed to the top of the piano,
by way of a chair, and pulled out most
of the wires.
That brought him solitary confine
ment for a week, but nothing could
daunt his indomitable spirit." Kegaining
his liberty, he removed all the shoes
from a shoe closet to his kennel in the
rear of the house, where he reduced
them to rags at his convenience, while
we reported to the police that sneak
thieves had been in the place.
At the age of seven months there was
little left about the place that was not
composed of metal and he would have
been fighting the furnace shaker ana
the kitchen stove if we hadn't locked
him up In the chicken yard. He had the
fighting conscience, as the soldiers say.
and was plainly very ambitious to rise
in the profession he had inherited.
He didn t care for the chicken yard,
which, of course, was empty of chick
ens or we should never have placed him
The first day he tore all the laths
from the gate and Issued forth with a
glad expression on his visage which
bade us to observe how clever he was.
We built a gate of heavy boards which
gave him pause, but only for a day
or two. When he had finished it we
nailed it together again and lined it
with chicken wire. But he bit through
the chicken wire like a pair of pliers,
so we put him on a chain.
Thereafter a member of the family
was told off to stand watch and ward
over him whenever he went abroad.
In another two months he became
more sedate and we thought it might
be safe to give him his liberty. He had
ceased his wanton destruction of our
personal property. He paid little at
tention to cats. We fancied he had com
pletely reformed, but be was only in
one of those transitory states through
which all fighters must pass.
We discovered that in an unexpected
way. The family was in a motorboat.
with tte dog along. He bad never been
in a boat before and had never seen
water. Looking over the side, in the
most casual way, he observed his own
reflection In the sound. This he mistook
for another dog and believing in action
went after it instantly.
The low growl he gave forth as he
went to what he thought was battle
was swallowed up. So was the dog.
When he came to the surface he was
very much ashamed, both of his foolish
error and of his total ignorance of the
art of swimming. It was a week after
that before he would look any of us
in the eye and he used to sit for hours
with a drooping bead plainly thinking:
"Well of all the blame fools, I am
the biggest."
Up to this time he had never given
us what you might call real trouble.
It is true that we had learned to sub
stitute metal furniture for wood all
over the house, that several neighbor
hood cats had passed on in the night
time and that the children's clothes
had had to be renewed at expensively
short intervals.
But he had bitten nobody except in
playfulness and had confined his havoo
exclusively to bis own domain, or rather
But he woka up one morning to the
full realization of his powers. Thav
sxy that if only dumb animals knew
their strength they would be terrible.
O'lr dog discovered his strength over
night, we never knew how, and forth
with he was terrible.
Next door lived a very pompous and
prosperous gentleman who had a large
Airedale which was the apple of his
His wife had frequently warned us
about the dog. "My husband has a
dreadful temper," she said. "I don't
know what he would do if your dog
should come over in our yard."
We didn't know either, but we wera
soon to find out.
The morning of his delightful dis
covery our dog began practicing on the
postman and the iceman, with the re
sult that we went that day without our
mail and drank our water tepid.
Then, feeling that further preliminary
practice might be dispensed with, he
strolled Into the adjoining yard and
wantonly and deliberately insulted tha
The Airedale was larger than our
dog. Also he had something of a temper
himself. Stung to the quick by what
ever it was our dog had said to him.
he used a fighting word and shortly
thereafter was limping and howling to
the rear of his dwelling, our dog in
ardent pursuit.
It was Just at that moment that the
man with the dreadful temper arrived.
He took in the situation at a glance,
and, picking up a large fragment of
blue stone from the drive, hurled it at
the pursuer.
Our dog turned around in irritated
surprise and, paying no further heed to
the Airedale, he benan to repel the at
tack in tha rear which he obviously
regarded as unfair and unsportsman
like. The man with the dreadful temper
saw him coming and it was then that
we found out what he would do. Ho
laid aside his temper for the time be
ing and it was manifestly a heavy tem
per which he did not care to take up
the tree with him.
From the branches he berated the do'ar
and called upon us to take him away.:
inis is an outrage." he said, to
gether with other tilings, "I am being
kept out of my own house bv vour
We agreed that it was an outraco.
but pointed out that our !og had a
dreadful temper and we didn't know
what might happen if we disturbed him.
At last, however, the dog, whose aner
was never or the enduring nort. be
came mollified and returned homo.
There has been trouble in the neigh
borhood and the police have been here.
If you know of anybody who went a
bull terrier who is fine for children,
let us know. We will dispose of one
practically at cost, although he is, of
course, what you might call a used dog.
(Copyright. 1019. hy tha Ball Syndicate. Ino.)
Lodge Pin and Grip Save
Life of Chinese Merchant.
Villa Colonrl Rmcnlin Rmhlt-m of
Order to Which aptive Uelonsa.
JUAREZ, Mexico. A lodge pin and
a grip saved tha life of a Chines
merchant of Pa-ral when Francisco
Villa's troops captured Parral soma
months ago, according to a sworn
statement mado by the merchant to tha
American consul here upon his arrival
from the interior recently.
The Chinese merchant refused to "per
mit his name to be attached to the
statement for fear he would be killed
If he fell into Villa's hands. He swore
that he saw three of his cousins
dragged through the streets of Parral
by rebels and burned at the stake.
A demand for (5000 was made upon
him upon threat of death, the merchant
said. He told the Villa colonels ha
did not have this amount and was about
to be ordered shot, he said, when he no
ticed a lodge pin on the lapel of tha
colonel's coat. The merchant said he
belonged to the Chinese organization
which was similar to the one which the
officer belonged and they exchanged
handshakes. The ransom was reduced.
to (2000 and he was finally permitted;
to go.
cents ro see ip he can goriow a t-eam.
TAe rr apabt
amp Gey it our)
"he Bleached . it looks uke poos, judgment.
IVMSCe TJEec'S A wac, Jaya't max svlu S SAVED:
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