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About The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current | View Entire Issue (Aug. 31, 1919)
THE SUNDAY OEEGOXIA3T. POKTLAXD, AUGUST 31, 1919.
mm m ow Wire ess law yet wsv n
Surprising Record of Amateurs Called
Into Real Service by the War, and
Wliy New Inventions Make It Pos
sible for Clever Youngsters to 'Listen
In9 on the Great Currents of 'Air
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A TTTKELESS BTATIO!C 8CHOOI. E FCT.I. PERATTO!. ' I " - t " ' ""'J". , ' ( " i ;
n the United States. These men or I T . F ' xViiW , , 51 f 1
boys -were, for the mort part, self- If v , 3 1 , i
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NIONI can "listen-In" on the
Ireless telegraph mesmgres sent
eat by the treat European sta
tions. An Ingenious American boy with
the aid of a home-made apparatus Is
now able to orerhear the Eiffel Tower
at Parts or Kauen. Germany, as well
as thousands of other land and sea sta
tions. No other country In the world may
boast so large an army of amateur
wireless men as America. It was esti
mated before the war that there were
at least 175.00 amateur stations scat
tered far and wide throughout the
United States. Now that peace la as
sured the number will probably be
en greater. Purine; the war the
science of wireless electricity, like
other fighting weapons, was advanced
In' many ways, and the amateur can
now take advantage of the new dis
coveries and Usten-ln serosa seas and
A large proportion of the amateur
stations are homo-made affairs which
enable the operators only to Usten-ln.
not to send out messages. Everyone is
familiar with the antennae draped
afratnst the skylines of cities large and
small and often In remote country dis
tricts. The wires might be strung
from the roofs of high buildings or
from the eaves of some barn to a con
venient haymow, but the ingenuity of
the American boy was always equal to
the occasion. Many of the amateur op
erators are school boys who chat
among themselves In their leisure
hours. The educational value of such
training is, of course, very great. With
the Increased facilities for long-distance
work the American boy becomes
In a sense a citizen of the world. From
his home station, probably constructed
In his study room, he enjoys a power
which a generation ago would have
seemed magical. If he chances to be
studying French or German, for In
stance, he can improve the opportunity
by listening to the stations of these
countries sending In their native
The American amatenr wireless oper
ator haa well earned the right to oper
ate his own station and benefit by any
advantages which follow. His record
in the war was brilliant. Now that the
fighting Is over. It is permitted to tell
the wonderful record of these amateurs
in serving their country. At the be
ginning of the conflict there were up-
ward of 200,000 amateur wireless men
fn the United States. These men or
boys were, for the most part, self
taught, but they soon proved them
selves to be highly efficient and held
their own in competition with profes
When the call was lssned for wire
less men the response throughout
America was instantaneous. Thousands
of these men were needed at once to
take charge of the wireless stations on
the merchant ships, the convoys, and
in hundreds of land and sea stations.
To train green hands to do the work
would have required months of valu
able time. The government was able
to recruit almost over night a vast
force of experienced men. With a lit
tle subsequent training to fit them for
special work, these operators were able
to fill the most Important posts. More
than 20,000 wireless operators were re
cruited In this way. It was estimated
tLat the government saved 17,000,000 at
this time which would otherwise have
been expended In preliminary training.
When the classes of wireless operators
were opened at Columbia university It
was found that more than 60 per cent
of the enlisted students were amateur
wireless men who had already perfect
ed themselves In the science.
From the first the amateur wireless
Copyright. Western Newspaper Union.
At a military wireless school.
operator played a conspicuous part. It
Is not generally known that it was an
amateur who overheard the Germans
In charge of the high-powered wire
less station at Sayvtlle sending out
unneutral messages, and reported the
fact to the government. The eVayvllle
station not only sent messages over
sea to Germany, but was in direct com
munication with German ships at sea.
Including the raiders. The Germans,
by abusing the courtesy extended to
them, were thus sending out messages
notifying their ships of the presence
of merchant craft and other informa
tion of the utmost Importance to them.
This fact had escaped the vigilance of
the government until an alert amateur
detected the deception.
In competition with the expert pro
fessionals amateurs were often eelect-
Btareonl rnstnunent that
home station to hear the
tt possible for
news of the world.
m. boy in am
ed to fill the highest posts. It was an
amateur who was chosen an assistant
to the director of naval communica
tion during the war, and the chief
operator at Washington was a civilian
commercial operator. The amateur
wireless men became officers in all
the different radio services and served
as inspectors and carried on all de
tails of the work.
The Record of the Amatenr.
It Is a matter of special pride among
the amateur wireless men that the ra
dio operator aboard the NC- and the
NG-1 in their historic fUght across the
Atlantic were amateurs. The post was
one of the most difficult to fill in the
service of the army or navy. It was
necessary to find expert operators and
mechanicians as well, who could be
depended upon to employ all their skill
and resourcefulness in the face of the
greatest danger. It is a great achieve
ment for the American boy that self
taught youths hold the distinction of
being the first radio men in history to
fly across the Atlantic
The wireless operator entrusted with
the difficult task of transmitting and
receiving messages on the S9. George
Washington in carrying President Wil
son -back and forth to France was an
amateur. He succeeded' in handling,
under very exacting conditions, an im
mense volume of business to the satis
faction of all. The list 'of amateur
wireless .men who have distinguished
themselves might be continued indefi
nitely. Throughout the war the amateur
stations were silenced by the govern-
fWIreless has appealed to the Imagina
tion of boys, and very simple outfits
give them a world of adventure.
ment. With tens of thousands of wire
less stations all over the country and
especially along the coast. It would
have been impossible to exercise a suf
ficiently strict censorship. In the
hands of an unscrupulous operator the
wireless apparatus might have done
Immeasurable harm. It would have
been possible, for Instance, to transmit
messages to Mexico or ships at sea.
and thus communicate more or less
directly with Germany. The problem
of the neutrality of wireless messages
arose early in the war. It was de
cided that the Invisible waves were
contraband and must be controlled. A
sharp lookout was held for any wire
less spy. It was discovered, for ex
ample, that a high-powered wireless
apparatus, which was removed in the
daytime, was strung from the rigging
of an interned German steamer. Under
cover of darkness messages were sent
to enemy stations in distant lands and
to ships far out at sea.
Regulating the Amntesn.
Even before the war It was found
tn some sections that the activities of
a number of amateur wireless sta
tions often interfered with the send
ing of government and commercial
messages. To prevent this the ama
teur operators were obliged to pass ex
aminations and be regularly licensed.
It is now proposed to remove as many
of the restrictions as possible. . By re
quiring amateur wireless men to em
ploy a certain wave length the danger
of interference win be done away with.
It is not generally appreciated that
many of the amateur stations contain
elaborate apparatus, costing thousands
of dollars, and the experimental work
they carry on often leads to valuable
discoveries and the advancement of the
As a result of the new wireless ap
paratus now available for amateurs
long-distance work may be carried on
with less experience than before the
war. The vacuum tube invented by the
eminent British scientist. Dr. Ambrose
Flemmlng, enables the amateur to send
messages thousands of miles, as well
as to listen-In on European stations.
GETTING IT FIXED" ONE OF
CAR DRIVER'S MANY TRIALS
Auto Doctors Much Like Cost of Living and Often Irresistible "Nothins-the-Hatter-W
ith-It" Flea Sometimes Doesnt Count at AIL
BT JAKES J. MONTAGUE.
A TRAGEDY LX OM ACT.
Cst e Characters..
Tb Garsse Boas.
ttcaae: A Oaxara.
YOU (driving a perfectly good car
Into the garage) Hello!
Garage hand (In rear of shap)
Too Can I tsaie this car hero wear
Garags hand What's Ute matter
Too Nothing's the matter wftk tt.
I Just want to leave tt hers.
Garage hand I'll call the boas. Bey,
there! Guy wants his bus fixed.
Boss (from the rear of the shop)
W feat s the matter with It"
You Nothing's the matter with It.
Boss I'll be right out.
silo -Doa l let them da anyr
They're so ex.
thing to ft, will yon?
Ton Certainly not.
Tho boss (coming
or on the torn table.
Ton Very well.
The boss No! No! Net that way!
Tou All right. Tell mo how you
want me to go.
The boss Here! Say, dldnt yea over
drive a car before?
Too Of coarse, I have.
The boss Look out! TonH smash
that Rolls Koyee ever there.
Too Suppose yon run it In!
The boss I guess I'd better. (Get's
Into the car and takes gear shift lever).
She's In rotten shape, aint she?
Too No. sh's all right- I just want
to keep her here over night.
The boss (after driving car on turn
table). Wait till I get a socket
Too Don't use any socket wrench
oa this car. please.
Ihe boas It woat t you much to
find out what s tho matter with her.
Tou I tell you there's nothing the
matter with her.
The boss Bring me that seven
eights socket wrench. Bill.
Bill Here yon are.
The boss (bending over gear shift
leverr I told you so.
Tour wife Tou muent do anything
to that car.
The boss If s all right lady. (Busy
with wrench. In a moment the gear
shift lever Is taken out and laid gently
to one side). Now let me get a look
under the hood. (He looks under
hood). Valves are jammed. Bill, hand
me the three-eighths socket wrench.
Bill Hera she Is.
Tou Now please
The boss Just a minute. Just a
minute! I wouldn't dass let no car
go out o the shop In that snaps. Hand
me the S til son. Bill.
Bill Here she Is.
The boss (busy with Stllson). I told
you so. (In a moment small parts
of the engine begin to some out from
under the hood. Bill gathering them
up and depositing them in a bucket).
The boss rm afraid she's a little
wuss off than what I thought she was.
Tour wife Make him put those
things back right away.
Tou Look here! Tou haven't got
any right to take that car apart,
I tell you I
The boss Slow np there. Slow up!
It's lucky yon come in here whan you j
did. She'd have busted on you forty
ways In another ten mile. Bill, hand
me the monkey wrench.
Bill Here she Is.
The boss Now take these valve
heads. (Handing more parts, to BUI).
Tou For the love of Mike, put that
car together again, or will I call the
The boss Surer IU put her together,
but you don't want to try to run
with the cam shaft busted on you,
Tou (Not knowing what the cam
shaft Is). The cam shaft is all right.
The boss It is, hey? Look at it!
(Holds up a twisted metal rod for
You Well it was sH right till we
came in here.
The boss (deprecatingly). Now don't
get nasty. Buddy. Tou brought the
car In here for me to fix, and I gotta
fix It, alnt I?
Tou I didnt bring It tn here for
yon to fix. I brought It in here to
keep over night.
The boas Well, why dldnt yon say
Tou Haven't I been saying so for
the last five minutes?
The boss I didn't hear you say so.
Anyway, it's my business to repair
cars, we don 1 store no cars no.
Tou All right, give me my car.
The boss Sure, take her away. Get
her out of here! 1
Toti But you've got about half of
tt on the floor.
The boss -Damp the parts into her.
Bill (complying). There they are.
Tou But you'll have to put them
The boss I east do that for my
health, you know.
, Tou (wearily). Very well, whafll
It cost to fix it?
The boss Two dollars an hour.
Tou How many hours will it take?
The boss Maybe four, maybe ten,
depends on how much I find is the mat
ter with her.
Tou Til not be swindled that way.
The car was perfectly good when I
brought It in here.
The boss All right, you put her to
Tour wife Let's get the car out of
You How? I cant put it together!
The boss I tell you what I'll do
Buddy. I'll make you a price of five
dollars for stlckln' her together as she
is. But I don't guarantee she'll run,
You Go ahead, then.
The boss An" for 1 15 m put her to
gether as good as new, barrin' the
cam shaft, which will be pretty near
as good as new.
Tour wife uon t Stan a tor it.
Tou Tve got to.
(AND TOU DO).
(Copyright. 1919, the Bell Syndicate,
SUNBURN LOTIONS NECESSITY
FOR OUTING AT BEACHES
Salt Water Splendid for the Complexion and Makes the Skm Firmer
WHATEVER else you forget, don't
neglect the provision of sun-
" ' burn and wlndburn lotions when
yon start out on your vacation.
Plenty of good lotions are obtainable
In town, but few druggists in the small
villages near summer resorts carry
good cosmetics of this sort. Tou will
find scented powder and bushels of tal
cum, and even quantities of dry rouge
in attractive little boxes displayed
under glass near the sodawater foun
tain : hut when you come to ask for less
obvious preparations the country drug
gist has not heard or tnem. m.is loea
of cosmetics is something "city girls
make up with. ,
Salt water is SDlendid for the com
plexion. It makes the skin firmer and
finer partly because it is cold, partly
because its particles of salt and sand
suddIv friction: but the glare of sea
and sand is anything but good for the
comDlexlon and, of course, the wet
skin with evaporation taking place.
j burns most quickly. Salt air and foggy
moist air are also good for the com
plexion. A motor Toat trip In rain and
fog is a fine bleach for the skin. But
wind combined with sun is another
matter; and when dust Is added on a
motor-car spin alas for a fine-grained,
delicately-tinted complexion! Before
going in bathing, or on a sailing or
motro boating, or a long motor drive,
rub protective cream (its other name Is
vanishing cream) well into any part of
the skin that will be exposed to sun or
wind. Dust over the surface with tal
cum as a further protection and to
take off the, shine and then valiantly
face the sun, sand, sea-glare, wind and
dust. There is a splendid sunproof and
windproof protective cream on the mar
ket which sells for about Jl the Jar.
After the sea bath pat the skin dry
do not rub It and at night rub In a
light cleansing cream and omit the
dusting of talcum. A bad case of sun
burn may be relieved with one part of
alcohol and three parts of wltchnaaei.