The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current, August 03, 1919, SECTION FOUR, Page 7, Image 67

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    7 . '
WESLEY HAILED AS PROHIBITIONIST AHEAD OF HIS TIME
Total Abstinence and Non-Participation in Manufacture and Sale of Intoxicants Fundamental Principles of Methodism.
THE. SUNDAY OREGONIAN. PORTLAND, AUGUST 3, 19191
BT CLARENCE TRUE "WILSON.
Ceneral secretary of the board of teraper
nr. prohibition ana public morals of the
Methodist Episcopal church. '
H r ETHODISil, founded by John
l Wesley. a prohibitionist 200
J.YJ.
Wesley, a prohibitionist
years ahead of his time, made
total abstinence and non-participation
In the manufacture and sale of intoxi
cants conditions of membership in his
societies and in the general rules of
the Methodist Episcopal church trans
planted from his societies across the
Following the revolutionary war
there was a letting down of the stand
ards in this country. All wars are
periods of demoralization, and that was
no exception; we had a, period of
skepticism in our colleges, falling off
of membership in the churches, pro
fanity, gambling. Sabbath desecra
tion, lewdness and drunkenness unim
aginable to people now living. Even
our church was caught in the general
swirl, and in 1800 the general confer
ence rescinded the general rule against
buying and selling of spirituous liquors
and drinking, except in cases of extreme-
necessity and it took 34 years of
agitation to get this rule reinstated
where Wesley had put It.
Methodism in the Lead.
IMethodism took the lead among the
Churches in the creation of temperance
sentiment; and every movement for
total abstinence or prohibition has re
ceived its impulse and leadership from
Methodism in this country. The crusade
was conducted by women, nobly backed
by Methodism.
After leading the world In resolu
tions that flamed in the dome of
human thought like stars at midnight
in the blue above us, the general con
ference of 18S8 appointed a. permanent
committee on temperance. In 1904 the
general conference changed Its name
to the Temperance society, and estab
lished headquarters in Chicago. Left
without means of support, its work
fWas limited.
The general conference of 190S asked
all the churches for free will offerings
for the Temperance society, and in 1910
the board of managers elected two
field secretaries, Clarence True Wilson
and Alfred Smith. In 1912 the gen
eral conference indorsed the adminis
tration and aggressive leadership of
the cause by these men, gave the so
ciety an adequate apportionment,
moved the headquarters to Topeka,
Kan., where it had the basis of the
great faith experiment that Kansas
had made, showing that a state can
grow, live and prosper without a dollar
of tainted liquor money in its treasury.
This state had needed a means of com
munication with the outside world and
all the publicity agencies and platform
opportunities of the board began to be
freely used for the exploitation of the
wonderful Kansas experiment.
Katiiu the Storm Center.
It was a strategic thing, when the
states were just coming to their cam
paigns all of which hinged on the suc
cess or failure of prohibition in Kan
sas, that our general conference far
sightedly Put our board at this storm
center in the crucial hour to make
known to the world through the
Clipsheet going to all newspapers, the
Voice going to all ministers and our
speakers into every campaign that the
Kansas experiment had been a mar
velous success.
The last general conference broad
ened the work of this board, changed
its name to the board of temperance,
prohibition and public morals, fixed its
headquarters at the nation's capital
for its national and international in
fluence. doubled.,its apportionment and
authorized it to procure a suitable site
and build a permanent headquarters
where it could represent Methodist
millions in the exertion of their in
fluence upon the moral legislation that
is destined to help make this a better
world.
When our board started Its work we
determined not to do anything that
any other organization was then doing
well. We have only stepped In where
there was an Imperative need either
because something was overlooked or
because a lack of vision had prevented
the acceptance of the most aggressive
movement for the reform then in sight.
Board's Policies Set Forth.
We found the foreign speaking peo
ples of our country neglected by the
temperance reformers and their organi
zations. We began to publish millions
of leaflets in their tongue. One of
them was the' speech of Emperor Will
iam in German, .in which he predicted
that the nation that used the least
amount of alcohol would conquer In the
next war, and that the nation that
used the most would bo the first to
go down. This seems almost like the
words of a prophecy now, as the great
est drinking nations of Europe are
utterly demolished, and as Uncle Sam,
most of his states. dry and getting his
boys from, our total abstinence army,
trained every one of them under total
abstinence and prohibition conditions,
stationed most of the camps in prohi
bition territory, put a day zone around
the rest, and made it a crime to sell
intoxicants to a man in uniform. These
boys then went up against the most
famous beer drinkers of the ages, and
the man does not live so dull as
to fail to see that, man for man, Ger
many's beer-guzzling soldiers were no
match for America s prohibition men.
Another neglected field was the 10,
000,000 colored people of the United
States, without one man supported
among them to promote their temper
ance life. We organized a department
for colored people, selected a noted
and eloquent leader, and have sustained
that department of work, publishing
literature adapted to their needs, and
sending our man where the fight was
thickest in the various ..campaigns
among his people.
Antl-Advertlslna; Flsrht Waned.
We next saw that the newspaper
world was againsl us. In six states
that had prohibition fights on, seven
and eight years ago, there were only
two daily papers that were on our side
the rest were sopping wet. Although
four of the six states carried dry, the
newspapers were against us. Why?
The brewers' etrangle-hold on the
editor through his grip on the business
management settled the policy of the
newspaper. We made up our minds to
take upon ourselves the breaking of
that strangle-hold. We began to send
our Clipsheet to every editor in the
United States every week. We began
to appeal to them in personal .letters,
"stop insulting the decent men of this
nation, their wives and children, and
their home life, by purveying lying
liquor advertisements advocating beer
as a blessing and boon to old people,
sick people, babies and to nursing
mothers, that they might blight with
prenatal damnation of the innocent, the
generation yet to be."
How happy I was when 18 dally
papers were registered at our office
as signing the pledge, never to take
another dollar of liquor money or to
give another 'inch of advertising space
to the liquor interests of the United
States.
One year from that date the number
had gone up to 1600 newspapers; a
year from then it was 3800 newspapers
thus pledged; the third year it was
8600 and more, and then we secured.
through Representative Randall of
California, the submission of a bill for
anti-advertising, making It a crime to
put Into the mails of the United States
books, papers, letters, cards and circu
lars advertising intoxicating liquors;
and we laid down on the table of the
postal appropriation committee more
than 11,000 newspapers, or half of the
newspapers of the United States, that
were pledged In our office neither to
take liquor money nor to advertise In
toxicants, and had actually signed our
petitions to congress requesting the
making of such advertising a. crime in
the United States.
Street Stomp Speaking Feature.
A feature of our work that Is more
picturesque than any other was an
attempt to reach by curbstone oratory
the man on the street.
Temperance meetings ten years ago
had drifted Into a series of formal
visitations of the churches by repre
sentatives of the organizations to pre
sent their claims and take a collec
tion. The out-of-door world was not
being reached by the human voice or
the printed page. We determined to
go for the man on the street. More
than 4000 street meetings. In campaigns.
in automobiles and parks have been
held under the auspices of our board.
not only reaching the vast number of
people that heard our voice, but popu
larizing this mode of campaign; so that
now numerous organizations are doing
effective work In taking the gospel of
prohibition to the men that throng
the streets, who loaf around the
corners and frequent the stores on
Saturday afternoons, and there are a
number of states that could not have
been carried apart from this aggressive
mode of propaganda-
There came a time in our experience
when, having mingled with the men on
the street in 25 state campaigns, we
concluded at our office that we had
reached a period when the average man
did not want to pussyfoot on this ques
tion nor did he want to see us handle
the question with kid gloves.
Bonr-Dry Prohibition Aim.
He was ready to vote for a straight
prohibition of manufacture, sale, im
portation, transportation, having in
possession, carrying on the person.
selling and giving away. The so
called Hobson amendment, which only
prohibits "for sale," never created an
enthusiasm among the consistent tem
perance people of this country. We be:
lieved the time had come for an up
ward step, and on May 8, 1916, put into
our Clipsheet "Advices to the states
that have liquor fights on." One of
them was: "Use the term alcoholic
liquor and not intoxicating liquor In all
future legislation." If this had been
heeded in the formulation of our pres
ent amendment we should have been
saved all our present embarrassment.
The seventh advice was this: "Make
your legislation dry, bone dry." This
particular issue of the Clipsheet went
to "o000 of the editors In America and
2000 in Canada and within a week that
new term, bone dry, had struck fire.
It appealed to the imagination of the
writers-and managers of magazines and
the press and was soon editorially han
dled, put into the news columns, into
communications, and "bone dry" had
become a word to conjure with. It was
the first time that that term had been
used, either in addresses, speeches or
temperance literature, as a scientific
term with a specific meaning descrip
tive of a kind of legislation. You may
have heard the term "dry as a bone,"
but that had reference to sermons, not
to prohibition legislation.
I myself was campaigning In a Reo
Six down the full length of the state
of California. At our outdoor meetings
men asked questions, and frequently
I was asked: "What do you Methodists
mean by the term 'bone dry'?' I wired
our office and Mr. Pickett sent a night
letter saying: "It means stepping man
ufacture, sale, importation, exportation,
transportation, having it in possession,
carrying it on the person, selling or
giving away." Then I knew. When
we arrived In Portland, Or, we formu
lated such a term into an amendment
to our constitutional amendment, by
which we had been under prohibition
for eight months. In a few days the
petition was completed to put It, on the
official ballot.
The dry federation of Arizona wired
us for help. We offered help on con
dition of their putting up a bone-dry
bill similar to the Oregon one to offset
the liquor dealers' amendment, and on
that notable day. November 7, . 1916,
when ten states had the liquor fight
on, when Michigan, Nebraska, South
Dakota and Montana went dry; when
all the liquor dealers' amendments
were voted. down In the five states of
Oregon. Washington, Idaho, Colorado
and Arizona, two states inaugurated I
new kind of prohibition bone-dry pro
hibition in Oregon and Arizona. Tou
should have seen the letters that came
in warning us against reaction if we
pushed this matter. "Be very careful.
they wrote us. And I have often wished
I could hate the wickedness of bad
people as much as I do the fearful
timidity of good people. This was the
reaction: Two months from that day
many state legislatures were In ses
sion, for In January, 1917, and before
the 30th day thereof,- 16 more states,
making a total of 18, had enacted bone
dry prohibition at the behest of their
people and an overwhelming public sen
timent.
"Then the popular feeling swept up to
the nation's capital and "bone dry" was
a term of honor. . The following month
five . prohibition bills were Introduced
In congress and overwhelmingly passed.
Bone-dry prohibition for Alaska; bone
dry prohibition for Porto Rico; a dry
District of Columbia and capital city
bill, which later had to be changed to
bone dry to make it effective; the anti
advertising bill, and a bone-dry provi
sion for all the dry states in the union
and all that should thereafter become
dry. Then the Hobson amendment with
its inexcusable compromises was put
under the table and the bone-dry con
stitutional amendment to harmonize
with that for which we had stood was
put in its place. ' passed by the neces
sary two-thirds of senate and house,
and now is the overwhelming choice
of all the states of the union except
the three little ones that have not been
able to break away from the brewers'
strangle hold.
This "bone-dry" crusade has made
prohibition logical, consistent and
srstematized war on prohibition, con
stantly misrepresenting the congress
of the. United States, while the vast
majority of the army itself, trained in
prohibition camps, are radical in their
advocacy of this cause and overwhelm
ing in their sentiment for absolute pro
hibition?" When we,' as a nation, undertook to
train this army, the regulations around
the American camps were superb. We
trained mostly in prohibition territory
or !n dry zones,-and the total absti
nence regulations making It a misde
meanor' to sell ljquor to any man in
uniform, the first, -' absolutely sober
army that ever shook the earth with its
tread. But when our boys went across
the water to France there was no such
condition and no such regulation at
tempted. We looked up this condition,
getting accurate and full reports of it
from authoritative sources; and were
compelled to reject all the soft-spoken
representatives of those who would
rather haje the privilege of shaking
hands with General Pershing In France
than to tell anything unpleasant about
what they- saw.
Finally, consulting with such men
as Theodore Roosevelt; Charles M.
Sheldon, the author of "In His Steps";
Sherwood Eddy, -the great leader of the
Y. M. C. A., we became sure of our
facts, told the war department, and,
when we could get no action or even
attention from- Secretary Baker, we
told it to the American people; and.
while all hell was moved from beneath,
the president at once cabled instruc
tions; Fosdick and then Baker went
over and a new order of things was
established.
Wo are now In the midst of . great
congressional '.'ght, I trust happily
culminating, in which we are as a board
Insisting that the term "intoxicating
liquors' in the federal amendment shall
be defined as including all "alcoholic
liquors." - -Whether, we succeed or fail
In this. It will never change the fact
that the amendment should have been
"alcoholic," rather than our trust to
luck to get the Indefinite term properly
defined. We are asking that if a pro
hibition commissioner is to be appoint
ed, he shall be appointed by, and work
In conjunction with, the department of
Justice, now happily headed .by that
most stalwart, able and consistent pro
hibitlonist, A. Mitchell Palmer, attor
ney-general of the United States.
World-Wide Move Next.
We are insisting, also, that the en
forcement of national prohibition for
the United States, territories and de
pendencies, shall go farther still and
include withdrawing the protection of
the American flag from any citizen of
the - United States who attempts to
transplant the implements, the mate
rial, and the workers of a trade that
has been outlawed in his own country
into Mexico, China, Africa, or anywhere
else, that our treaty provisions will
permit such prohibition. It will seem
strange, indeed, if our government
must protect men in conducting an out
lawed trade in a foreign land, which
swear that he goes to preach the gos- to be wooden-headed and stone-hearted,
winner In America, and will type the j trade has no rights under the American
kind of legislation that will soon pre
vail around the whole world.
When the American army, the finest
young men that ever saw the sun, was
being exploited by the American to
bacco 'trust as the prey of cigarette
poison, our board was the first to utter
an organized protest, start a campaign
of education, publicity and pledge sign
ing, and has succeeded in turning the
tide of sentiment so that today it is
tafe to criticise and ask the question:
"Why was our army exploited in the
selfish interests of the Amer'can to
bacco trust, and why have official pub
lications of the American army in
France been made the medium of a
constitution or flag.
Our board is co-operating with all
organizations that have a programme
to make prohibition world-wide next,
and to stop the exploitation of our
weak neighbors in Africa, China and
Mexico by the discarded beer trade, and
I hope we will do something to stop
its exploitation by the almost equally
infamous American cigarette trade
now seeking to exploit mankind to J
promote their own gain.
It is difficult to get passports 'now;
many well-meaning citizens cannot se
cure the rights to voyage either east
or west, and when a missionary goes
he must raise his hand to heaven and
pel, has no other business, etc, and
then sign his name to various docu
ments required by our government be
fore be ' can go and have old glory
float over him for protection. Well,
what I want to see our Christian na
tion do is this: When a pro-German
beer exploiter holds up his hand be
fore Uncle Sam and says: "I want to
go to China to open up mine pig brew
ery in dot land und sell mine beer to
the heathen." I want my uncle to say
to him: "No, sir, you are an outlaw
here, and my flag shall not protect you
while debauching our weaker brethren:
ou shall not press upon the brow of
China this outlawed cross of thorns;
you shall not crucify mankind upon a
cross of greed: you shall not misrepre
sent America's mission among the na
tions of the earth; you shall not pass."
Lessons From the World War.
Recently we heard a conversation In
car. A gentleman was emphasizing
the statement, "Germany is a pagan
nation." We wish that this were true.
but the facts of history compel the
admission, Germany is a Christian na
tion, secularized, or, as a Methodist
would say, "back-slldden
A hundred years ago Germany was
the' bulwark of Protestant Christianity
in Europe; the most Christian in her
institutions, her professions, traditions
and the hold of her Bible on the litem
ture and thinking of her people. We
boast of our King James version, but
Luther's translation gripped the Ger
man mind with equal strength.
Then the native conceit went to work
through a process it called "higher
criticism" to undermine the faith of the
people in the integrity of their own
book. Before they were through, in the
estimation of the masses the book was
n shreds. She next adopted a system
of rationalism by which, she sought to
explain away every eacred thing In her
own religion; the Inspiration of 'the
prophets and the miracles of Jesus
the virgin birth and the resurrection,
the ascension and the pentecost, all
went out of the faith of the people.
Then the adoption of the materialistic
philosophy dismissed God and annihi
lated the souls of men in leaving the
spirit a nonentity, and thought but the
result of physical forces at play. When
religion had evaporated there was noth
ing for morals to stand on. You can
not have a moral system without
religious basis. You cannot build
brotherhood of men unless you have
a fatherhood of God to establish the
relation.
Morality and Rellsrloia.
Religion is morality in relation to
God: morality is religion in relation to
man. When religion and morals were
no more the brutalizing effect of beer
drinking completed the task of obllt
erating a great Christian nation. Now
the temptations of a world war cam
upon these people, denuded of thel
religious faith, and what happened
Why. the brutal Hun outdid the un
speakable Turk; deeds that would make
a devil blanch with 6hame character
ized her whole conduct In her attempt
to murder Christian civilization.
What are the lessons of this down
fall? What beacon lights can we sight
in this world war? We ought to see
that Uncle Sam puts his foot on every
one of these steps by which Germany
went to ruin, and walks in the opposite
direction upstairs'. If we do not wish
to go the way Germany went, we must
i urge that American civilization pause.
get her - direction, and build on the
foundations that Germany rejected.
This will be programme enough for the
reformers of the United States for the
next decade or two.
If the lessons of the war are not lost
upon us, it we do not prove ourselves
we will take this opportunity:
irst To re-establish Americanism
on a firm and clean basis, by insisting
that German beer shall be eliminated
trom the population of the United
States and every dependency thereof
nd every country that we can Influ-
nce as a nation. We should then re
trict immigration until Germanv cava
ndemnity and we make our own peo
ple Americans.
Bible ia Schools Advocated.
Second By the keeDins- of tha Rnr. '
lish language in the public schools and
tne compulsory attendance thereof, so
that we shall get over this little sepa
rate language groups with rival civil
izations plotting disloyalty in peace
times and treason in war time.
one language would be a unifier
among us.
Third We should see to it that the
whole Bible, the fountain of classic
English, the book that has given us
our national Ideals, our moral stand
ards, the book that stands for the moral
betterment of mankind, shall be put
back Into the public schools of tho
United States as it was before the Huns
and certain others, led by- a foreign
potentate, crowded It out of tho back
door in four-fifths of our American
states. This for the nation's good and
tor tne sake or decent courtesy to the
prevailing religion.
i-'ourth we phonld see that the-
American Sabbath Is pot uson s firm
foundation in all our cities, states and
rural places, as it was before the Huns,
through the German-American alliance,
trampled it in the mire to establish on
its ruin the continental Sunday, for
eign to our forms of government and
inimical to the morals of our people.
Fifth We must stand for a clean
American home, and with these institu
tions, pillars of support for our civil
ization, the gates of bolshevism and tho
I. w. w. anarchy, and the no-beer-no-work
rebellion shall not prevail against
us.
Building Project Explained.
Our board wishes to commemorate
the hundred-year battle with the saloon
and the monumental victory of consti
tutional pronlDltlon by erecting a suit
able building in the nation's capital to
memorialize the struggles and suffer
ings of the past century and localize
the agencies and furnish a center for
the activities of the struggles of the
yet greater century to come.
We believe there Is no causa for
which Methodists, are asked to give
their money which will result in larger
dividends for the kingdom, in the es
tablishment of civic righteousness, in
the furnishing of a medium for activi
ties of Methodism in the nation's capi
tal, in signalizing the Influence which
God calls us to exert upon the greatest
representative of democracy among the
nations of the earth, than the erection
of this temperance, prohibition and pub
lic morals center of world activities
Just fronting the doors of the capitol of
the United States, diagonally across
the street from the senate chambers, a
block from the congressional library
and between the two great marble
buildings, the senate office building and
the house, office building, four blocks
from the union station and five blocks
from the postoffice.
These are our centers, and we are In
their center.' We have this building site
clear. We have the plans perfected. We
have. marble in keeping with the capi
tol buildings. Toward raising J100.000
by October 1 we have $25,000 pledged by
the- Woman's Christian Temperance
union for a permanent home in our
building. We have $20,000 pledged by
two generous laymen. We have $10,000
cash In bank and we have $45,000 more
to raise. We want your help today.
Pacifism, by Poultney
ti. P. Putnam's Sons,
pruAsianigra and
Uiselow. $1.50.
New York City.
It is reported that at least two men
who once were warm personal f rlends
the fqrmer German kaiser and Poultney
Bigelow do not writ-e or speak in
terms of affection to each other any
more.
The reason Is that our author 13 dis
gusted with his former friend, the
kaiser, and the latter's recent war
policies, in -which Germany acted the
part of the prize bully of the world
and lost out in the conflict.
In this book of 273 pag-es, Mr. Bige
low, in brilliant style, shows up the
cruelties of Prussianiam and presents
historical facts showing the remark
able family resemblance between Wil
helm I. emperor of Germany, and his
grandson, as princes who both ran
away from their own soldiers, to save
their precious skins.
It is recorded that twice had the
first Wilhelm to seek refuge ' under
the protection of a foreign flag. The
first time was when Napoleon I
marched his army into Berlin, after
bis crushing victory at Jena, in 1806.
At that time, Wilhelm fled with his
mother, along the Baltic to the Rus
Ftion border, when the czar, Alexander
I. hospitably received them, as a
brother autocrat.
In 1S4S, Wilhelm, as Prussian crown j
prinoe, was again chased from Berlin.
That is, he actually sought refuge and
safety in flight a second time. His
own people voted themselves a liberal
constitution and proposed to make a
federal Germany somewhat after the
pattern of this country.
"Wilhelm was offered up as a sacri
fice to the popular clamor and he
was conveyed secretly at night from the
big Berlin palace to Spandau, a fortress
ov-erawing the capital. Thence he was
driven to Potsdam and concealed on an
Island In the Havel, where he found
shelter in a gardener's cottage. In
disguise he made his way to Hamburg
and was concealed in the house of the
Prussian consul, who secured passage
for the escaping prince, under an as
sumed name, to England.
"But Wilhelm was only two months
in exile when a loud clamor arose for
his recall and with him came the same
regiments who had fired upon the
people. The latter had had a momen
tary brain storm like the tantrums of a
child, but it was soon over, and the
same mob that yesterday yearned for a
republic today glorified their absolute
monarch and hastened to forget all
but the hereditary loyalty of a servile
race. Wilhelm once more commanded
his well-drilled Prussians."
It is shown later that Wilhelm I, king
of Prussia, was at his wits' end how to
govern his people until he found the
blood-and-iron policies of Bismarck.
The great quartet of Wilhelm, Roon,
Bismarck and Moltke made Prussia
Wnneim I died in 1S88, more than
0 years of age. His son, Frederick
III. was not emperor long enough to
place his stamp on history, authori
tatively. On page 207 it is observed that "Wil.
helm II became kaiser in 1888 and 30
years later fled from the midst of his
troops on the battlef ront." This Wil
helm is sketched, at first, as a pacifist,
until the Kiel canal was opened in 1895
and German warships could play hide
and seek in the Baltic and North seas
at their leisure. It was then that Wil
helm became a fire-eating fighter. That
Is. he made othc- people do his fight
' tng for him.
Mr. Bigelow complains that the pres
ent ex-kaiser owes him money for on
coining to the throne the ex-kaiser im-
iif f '
:: -A -
:: 1 - ' y -:
i: h ' f ' Yj AS
"I if . ' 1
author of 1
.. t
instructive study of this great Irish
statesman, with such skill that the
Redmond portraiture will be vividly
remembered in the minds of persons
who heretofore may have read little
on the subject-
Mr. Wells writes that the subject of
this memoir stands out as- a fine figure
f a great Irish gentleman 'who played
for a. high stake gallantly and lost
without dishonor." We recall the fact
that the late Mr. Redmond's great par
liamentary predecessors of the 19th
century Daniel O'Connell, Isaac Butt
and Charles Stewart - Parnell lost be
fore they died, as John Redmond did,
the "confidence" of a majority of .their
people. We know, however, that even
among the Irish themselves the reputa
tions of O Connell, Butt and Parnell
have not been lessened by that fact.
The crown of romance adorns their
memories.
The chapter heads are: The leader
and trwe man; ancestry and youth; early
political life; the mantle of Parnell;
towards home rule; the home-rule bill;
Redmond and Sinn Fein; Redmond and
Ulster; the war and Redmond's choice;
clouded ending.
Poultney B I sr e 1 o w.
"Prnsaianlsm and Pacifism.'
mediately started an Imitation of the
English royal yacht squadron, and con
strained his faithful to become mem
bers. Mr. Bigelow complains that he
joined, and found the club so uncongen
ial that during his 25 years of life mem
bership he was only once in the club
rooms. Our author-thinks that the ex
kaiser is a victim of the disease known
as paranoia "a species of chronic un
rest, neuro-psychopathic in its nature
and marked by sudden desires reversed
with equal suddenness.
As for the future, Mr. Bigelow thinks
that Germany will renew hostilities, as
soon as she has repaired the war dam
age done to her own people and prop'
erty. As for the proposed league of na
tions, our author thinks it .means noth
ing but material for college debating
societies, and that our best safety as
nation lies in maintaining an adequate
military force all the time.
A courageous, able book.
On the Threfthold of the Spiritual World, by
Horatio tv. Dresser. George Sully & Co..
New York City.-
There Is much comfort and hope in
this book, not only to those people who
have lost relatives In the late war, but
who are themselves puzzled about
living.
Mr. Dresser lights a new lamp when
he gives us such a splendid vision con
cerning life in the spiritual world-
thoughts that have come to him largely
In association with soldiers on battle
fields in France. One soldier told our
author: "The most difficult enemy to
conquer is not opposite in the German
trench, but in each one of us.
The doctrine is taught that the re
llgion of courage is the religion of
guidance, justice, faith, love and light-
Tbe I4fe of John Redmond, by Warrt
Wells. With portraits. Ceorgs H. Do
Co., New York City.
many thinkers,- the late John
Redmond was believed to be the great
est Ir:-h parliamentarian of his day.
It Is singularly unfortunate that Mr.
Redmond dted in London, England
March 6, 1918, at a time when- it seemed
as 'if his life would be crowned by th
granting of home rule to Ireland. But
fate said "No."
, Mx. -Wells 'has written a faithful and
tlanity. Sketches are made of the labors
of Theodore Leighton Pennel, Christine
Iverson Bennett, Fred Douglas Shepard.
James Curtis Hepburn, Joseph Plumb
Cochran, Catherine L. Mable, Peter
Parker, John Kenneth Mackenzie, John
Scudder and others.
Self -Government In the Philippines, by Max-
ine Al. Kalaw. The Century Co., New York
City. '
In August, 1916, congress passed the
Jones law, or Philippine autonomy act.
which marked a new liberal era in the
Philippines, and created a sound plat
form for Filipino-American friendship
or what is better, relationship.
The author of this Jones law was the
late Congressman William Atkinson
Jones of Virginia, and a monument has
been erected, to his memory in Manila
by grateful Filipinos.
Our author Is a Filipino, chief of the
department of political science. Univer
sity of the Philippines, and secretary of
the Philippine mission to this country.
He lays emphasis on the fact that the
preamble to the Jones law promised the
Filipinos their independence as eoon as
stable government could - be estah
lished in the islands. That the time
has now come for a get-together meet
ing between Americans and Filipinos
to grant such self-government is the
opinion of our author.
This book reports the concrete evi
dence as to the Filipinos development
of the qualities of mind and character
that justifies the belief that they can
govern themselves Independently of
outside assistance. It indicates how In
a little more than 20 years a backward
eastern race, with patient guidance and
constant assistance from a big nation
that played the part of a brother, has
grown up to the estate of responsible
manhood. The book is an up-to-date
account of what the Filipinos have ac
complished in the Industries, agricul
ture, education, self-government, and
in all those fields wherein civilized peo
pie must achieve results, if they are to
live progressively and happily.
Mr. Kalaw is himself an argumen
that 'runs in line with his book. He
was born at Lipa, Batangas province,
He attended the public schools of his
home town, then the University of the
Philippines and finally Georgetown
university in this country. His educa
tion is all American. Since his univer
sity days he has worked for the Inde
pendence of his country, and with an
energy, a sane temperatenees, a re
sourcefulness that has won for himself
and his cause in America, our respect
At the same time Mr. Kalaw's plea
will create agreement, for we are not
all agreed as to what our author so
Ronwftean and Romanticism, by Profossor
Irving Babbitt. BouEhton-Miff Un Co.,
Boston.
Our author Is professor of French
literature in Harvard university, and
in this volume he presents Jean Jacques
Rousseau, Frenchman, as the most im
portant single "intellectual" figure In
great international literary move
ment, extending from the 18th century
to the present day.
This study of Rousseau is polished.
exhaustive and informing. We are In
structed as to tne terms classic and
romantic' as affecting Rousseau's wrlt-
;& also romantic genius, imagina
tion, morality, love, irony, nature, mel
ancholy, etc.
The appendix Is a valuable essay on
Chinese primitlvetsm, and the biogra
phy is voluminous.
No stress is placed by our author on
Rousseau's life. Other biographers
agree that Rousseau, wlille he created
new social order in France and was
recognized as a great democrat, had
little idea of morality. He scoffed at
marriage although father of several
children quarreled with- all friends.
and while he wrote books that stamped
him as a man of education, the puzzle
is to find where he received an edu
cation.
But the world accepts Rousseau as
great. So be it. Rousseau literature
is scarce.
,18 k-SiH
A Sample Csse of Humor, by Strickland
Glirtia.il. Forbes & Co., Chicago, III.
Filled with sunny laughter. The book
is one of Mr. Gilfilan's lectures, and
the message in addition to being funny
is clever and refreshing.
Our author says in his preface: "My
hope for this book, from the viewpoint
of results, is that It may increase the
public s appreciation of humor by in
creasing its powers of obsevation in
that direction sort of an every-man-
his-own-humorist proposition, you see.
There is as much fun in the world for
you as there is for me. All you need is
eyes to see it, a heart of kindly appre
elation, and a mind sufficiently devoid
of rheumatism to enable it now and
then to jump out of the rut and kick
up its supple heels. It is. in other words,
in the hope oi enabling people to have
a lot of cheap and harmless fun, from
the eyebrows up, that I have prepared
this book.
Chicago. '
The Shipbuilding Industry, by Roy Will
marth Kelly and Frederick J. Allen. II
lustrated. Houghton-Mifflin Co., Boston.
With an Introduction by Charles M.
Schwab, this valuable book of much
technical importance fills a public
want. It is stated to be the official
book on American - shipbuilding and
written with the assistance of the ship
ping board. ' The brave story of how
America helped to win the war by its
bridge of ships is a thriller.
firmly believes.
Ministers of Mercy, by James H. ' Franklin.
Illustrated. Missionary ducation Move
ment, New York City.
It is a privilege to read a quiet,
refreshing book such as this is. It is a
recital of the labors of medical mis
sionaries who left homes of ease and
love to go to foreign lands, such as
China, Persia, Afghanistan, etc.. to heal
the sick and spread, tne gospel of Chrla-
The Man Who Discovered Himself, by
Willis George Emerson. Forbes A Co.,
Here we have a stirring tale of ref
ormation of character, a -story that is
well. told.. Marsh Gordon, a cobbler,
who mends shoes at Venice-by-the-Sea,
Cal, has a bad cough and a wife who
is a shrew. Husband and wife are com
celled to separate. How Gordon re
gains his health and under a new name
prospers exceedingly .make up the
story. - - -
The NIrht Operator, by Frank L- Packard.
George H. Doran Co., New York City.
' ' This' is a man's book- It'a an enter
taining railroad story, and baa plenty
f visor' to- recommend It-- -
IN Centenary Methodist Episcopal
church. East Ninth and Pine streets,
at tonight's service a concert of
sacred music will be rendered with the
assistance of Mrs. Florence Wuest
Lyons, harp; Roscoe C. Lyons, cello, of
Santa Barbara, Cal., and George D.
Hieb, organist, of this city. The pro
gramme! Trio, harp, cello and organ.
'Ave Maria" (Bach-Gounod); vocal solo,
Out of the Depths" (Scott), Mrs. S. E.
Mountain; duet, harp and cello, (a)
Berceuse" from "Jocelyn" . (Godard),
(b) "Song" (Grieg); harp solo, (a) "An-
gelus' (Rene), (b) "Chanson Sans Pa
roles" (Dubez); vocal solo, "My Re
deemer and My Lord" (Buck), M. Wal
ters; duet, harp and cello, "Andante
Sostenuto" (Luigini.
In private life the name of Mrs. Silas
Vann, vocalist, who is now visiting in
Oregon City, Is Mary Adele Case not
Anna Case.
,
Miss Genevieve Gilbert, soprano, for
merly of this city, is visiting in this
section for a few days. She passed
last season in Montana and Idaho.
,
J. William Belcher has been re-en
gaged as musical director of. the choir
of Central Presbyterian church for the
coming year. His services have been so
satisfactory that an increase in his al
lowance for the music was granted by
the church authorities.
Francis Richter, the Oregon pianist
and composer, has reached Philadel
phia on his trip to the east, and hopes
to hear his new concerto played In
that city in October.
pianoism might have been different.
David Campbell, pianist, who is pass
ing a part Qf the summer at the home
of his mother in Monmouth, Or., gave
a piano recital In the normal school
chapel last Wednesday. Mr. Campbell
was a student under the best masters
at home and abroad.
-
Dr. Emil Enna, pianist, who has been
passing the past month hunting and
fishing in -the Cascade mountains and
a short trip to the Newport beaches,
plans to return to this city tomorrow.
Dr. Enna played recently the wedding
maTch for his friend, Charles South, at
Corvallis, Or.
The French-American Association for
Musical Art, which has done remark
ably Interesting and effective work In
presenting in the United States and
Canada the best musical artists and
organizations of France, has a notable
committee, with a central office in New
Tork city. Otto H. Kahn is the chair
man and serving with him are Freder
ick G. Bourne, James Byrne, Andende
Coppet, Henry P. Davison, Henry C.
Frick, Robert Walton Goelet, Myron T.
Herrlck, Clarence H. Mackay. John D.
Rockefeller Jr, Charles H. Sabin, Will
iam K. Vanderbilt, Henry Walters and
George W.' Wlckersham.
A plan Is being worked out in Los
Angeles. Cal.. to amalgamate the two
orchestras- In that city the Los An
geles Symphony, orchestra and. the Los
Angeles Philharmonic orchestra. It Is,
considered that Los Angeles is not Dig
enough for two large orchestras and
that all musical symphonic forces In
that city should be fused into one.
A suggestion is heard In Los Angeles
that Walter Henry Roth well be made
conductor of the reorganized orchestra.
Mr. Roth well visited the Pacific coast
when Henry W. Savage gave the first
presentation. --of - "Madame - Butterfly
about eleven years ago. It is known
that Mr. Rothwell is a director of
finesse and has a thoroughly cosmo
politan style. He is almost what might
be termed a typical American, although
not actually born in this country. He
has the reputation of being tempera
mental. Mr. Rothwell's experience as a sym
phony conductor in this country has
been with the St. Paul's orchestra and
with the Civic orchestra in New York,
also as guest conductor at Cincinnati
and Detroit. He is considered one of
the finest conductors for accompanying
in the country.
The Oregon Conservatory of Music
presented in violin recital at the con
servatory hall last Thursday Miss Grace
Astrup, daughter of Captain and Mrs.
H. F. Astrup. The young miss Is a
recent arrival in Portland from Astoria,
Or., and her musical talent is unusual.
Carl Denton, director of the Portland
Symphony orchestra, accompanied by
Mrs. Denton, left for New York last
Sunday night In connection with sym
phony orchestra matters for the 1919
1920 season of the Portland Symphony
orchestra. Mr. Denton expects to pass
one month in New York and Boston and
as a result of his trip he will be able
to procure for the Portland Symphony
orchestra some of the latest and most
modern compositions of American and
foreign composers, some of which were
unobtainable during the war period.
Music lovers of Portland are prom
ised exceptional entertainment during
the coming winter, and a most suc
cessful symphony concert season -is
assured.
s
Mrs. A. E. Gardner, a well-known
Portland pianist who is now in Ithaca,
N. Y., is a student in Cornell univer
sity. She is deeply interested in cul
tural and educational work and for this
reason she is passing her summer at
this university. In addition to the
study of languages she Is taking
special normal course in piano lessons.
This material and plan of teaching is be
coming generally popular asastandard
and is a recognized basis for music
credit allowance In many high schools.
colleges and universities. It was
source of surprise and pleasure to meet
at the university J. S. Downey, who
for several years lived in Portland and
was associated with Eilers piano house.
Mrs. Gardner will remain at Cornell
university until the completion of her
music course and will return to this
city about the middle of September.
Professor T. S. Roberts, head of the
department of organ music, Wiilam
ette university, Salem, OK, gave an ad
mired recital recently on the new $4000
pipe organ in the First Christian
church. On the same programme there
appeared Mrs. Leland R. Porter, reader
Miss Lena Bell Tantar, contralto; Miss
Lena Osburn Peterson, soprano, and
Mrs. R. W. Slmeral, soprano. One of
Mr. Roberts' most pleasing numbers
was the "Grand Processional" from
Gounod's "Queen of Sheba." Mr. Rob
erts was taught pipe-organ playing by
a distinguished American authority
the late Dr. D. D. Wood, once organist
of St. Stephen's Episcopal church and
the Baptist temple, Philadelphia.
Grand Army of the Republic, of this
city, will leave the latter part of this
month for Columbus. O., where he will
represent-the local post in the national
encampment. Mr. - Lovelace will do a
little Oregon advertising while on his
trip, the necessary literature for which
is being supplied by the Dallas Com
mercial club. Mr. Lovelace was taken
prisoner one time and spent some
months In the Confederate prison at
Andersonville.
repair directory
TUNING
ASX REPAIBrXO.
Pianos and Playor-
Planos, Talking Ma
chines. Prices reason
able tor expert work.
IV.
Sherman.ay &Ca
Cor. Sixth and Morrison.
Dallas Veteran Is Delegate.
DALLAS, Or.. Aug. 2. (Special.) B.
Lovelace, adjutant of U. S. Grant post.
John Claire Monteith
Sons Interpretation: Koreliro tictlon.
Operatic. Concert and Choir Sinsins.
' "Voices Tried by Appointment IMaily. -
Pianos and Talking Machines
1 "
All
All other Musical Ib
itmmenls R ep4)rtd
Polished. Etc by
Expert Workmen.
Very reasonable Prices,
All Work Guaranteed.
FIT rpc now in
LltLlW JTFW BLDti.
Entrance 87 Waahlnt'n
YTE CAN FIX XT
FOB TOU.
Band and orchestral
Instruments, pianos,
p h o n o s r apha repaired.
SEIBERLING-LUCAS
MUSIC CO., 125 Fourth St.
F. X. ARENS
of the
ARENS VOCAL STUDIO
NEW YORK CITY
Will Conduct His
FOURTH ANNUAL
VOCAL COURSE
in
Portland, Oregon
at
The Calbreath Studio
860 Belmont St.
TOICE CCLTl'KB AND KEPEBTOIKK
tor
COJiCKBT, ORATORIO AKD OPERA.
For particulars apply to
IV X. ARENS, HOOD RIVER, OB,
Until Auruit 20, thereafter to
MISS H GLEX CALBREATH.
ace BELMONT STREET. PORTLAND.
Owing- to overcrowded condition at former
courses, early reservations seem indicated.
Send 25 cents for booKlet,
"MY VOCAL METHOD."
Complying with urgent requests, tho
course will be extended from four to
six weeks, i. e, from September 1 to
October 11.
V A LAIR CONSERVATORY
K nale Dramatic Art Lasturn
SUMMER TACATIOX
All classas closed until September 1st.
Early reservations for the fall classes
advised. Address secretary or call
SS4 TENTH BT.
- J
MA IX 7S98.