The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current, July 27, 1919, Section One, Page 22, Image 22

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-Expense Tables Are Intro-
duced in Portland's Case.
trrgon Metropolis Said to Hare
Been DepriTcd of Trade by RaH-
road Arrangements.
n That rrFt rf Fervic is the element
- trpon which will be determined the. de
cision in the Portland rate case being
: heard before Commissioners Hall,
-DanielH and Kastman of the interstate
'commerce commission, was made roani
fe?t when the chief witness of the Ore-
- Ron Public Service commission, J. P
'Newell, consulting engineer, was called
;io the stand. The work of almost a
Syrar in computing the actual cost of
Service on the railroads involved, for
-the calendar year of 1917. between vari
rtous stations, based on standards recoff
'inzed by railroad engrineers and ex--pcrts.
is represented in the data pre
pared under order of the commission.
-Thfi "cost of pervice study." compiled
-in a book of 75 pases and containing 14
.principal charts and maps by Mr. Newell,
- aroused the fullest interest of any
".testimony yet adduced. Completed only
; within a week, there had not been time
-for printing: of the copies of the study
by the state printer, and only five
copies of the typewritten matter and
blue-prints had been made.
Copies Are Taken Orer.
Chairman Hall of the commission
flaked whether copies were to be sup
plied as an exhibit, and it was arranged
to use the five already at hand, one be
in;? filed with the commission, one
going to the counsel for the railroad
administration, one to the attorneys for
Puget Sound interests and leaving one
; for the engineer and the other for use
-of J. O. Bailey, assistant attorney gen-
-eral, who is conducting the case for the
commission. It was entered as com
plainants, exhibit No. 109.
Opening of the case of the public
' service commission began at the even-
- ing session, following a brief cross
examination of the witness who ap
peared for Vancouver. Secretary
W right ocupied the stand long enough
to identify two documents in a case
"brought by the Oregon commission in
-1917 involving the investigation of cer
tain intrastate commodity rates.
J. P. Newell, consulting engineer,
"was qualified as an expert on engineer
" ing matters by questions relating to his
education, experience as a railroad en
gineer, having had charge of construc
tion and maintenance work, extending
over a period of 20 years, and many
years in work as a consulting engineer,
Including work of highly technical
.character and great importance for the
Canadian government. His service for
!" the Oregon commission was also re
..Viewed briefly.
r. Kxhibit No. 106, offered by Mr.
Newell, was a profile of the Oregon
Washington Railroad & Navigation line
from Portland to Huntington. Ex-
, liibit No. 107 was a tabulation showing
cost of service for 1917, showing that
Urect cost was 74 per cent of the total,
. End indirect cost 26 per cent.
The two divisions of cost were then
'divided 'as to freight and passenger
t traffic with apportionments of operat
ing expenses, interest and taxes. Direct
- freight cost was further apportioned as
.to terminal, distance, resistance and
excess train service.
Report la Detailed.
The last named item was explained as
trfe excess cost due to public necessity
demanding service that requires han
dling of trains of less than the load
that would make most economic op
eration. Kxhibit No. 108 was a table
of unit costs of the line, per ton and per
ton-mile, subdivided as in the preceding
table as to direct costs.
It is probably the first case ever pre
sented in the Pacific northwest in
which the cost of service has been the
pivotal point to be presented, and in
which the best engineering talent of
the railroad profession will be pitted
in an attempt to determine what are
the actual elements entering properly
into each division in determining what
is a proper rate for the movement of
Traffic experts have repeatedly
parried questions of the elements of cost
in previous rate controversies with al
legations that it is impossible to state
the exact cost of moving freight for a
given distance. Engineer Newell has
produced tables to disclose what was
the cost of movement of every bit of
freight and passenger traffic over the
railroads involved in the present rate
light, for the year 1917.
.Normal Period Taken.
The year was chosen, it was explained
In answer to questions of the commis
sioners, because it was .the last full
twelve-month in which normal traffic
conditions prevailed. One by one the
engineer explained in response to in
Quiries of the commissioners, who
evinced a desire to 'be shown." the
how, hy and wherefore of all of the
Intricate determinations.
Kxhibit No. 110 was a detailed table
f cost of service between Portland and
nine illustrative stations, all main
line points, on the line.
CofttK Held Vital.
So far as revealed :up to this time,
the ra ilroad admin ist rat ion attitude is
against the demand of Portland for
jrat es based upon cost of service, but
the testimony of Engineer Newell, in
the public service commission case, is
ithe first testimony on absolute figures
of revenue and expense to establish
what is the actual cost. It was plainly
j-egarded by contending counsel as the
kernel of the rate controversy.
7? New England Forestry Associa
tion Members Visit City on
Tonr or Northwest.
The wonders of Oregon's forests, con
taining one-seventh of the marketable
standing timber in ihe United States,
were spread before a party of 75 mem
bers of the New Kngiand Forestry as
srociation Friday, who spent the morn'
ins- visitine one of the larsre lum
ber mills and witnessing the transition
f a huge Douglas fir log to finished
lumber, and spent the evening at the
Chamber of Commerce listening to
talks by A. G. Jackson of the national
forest service, and S. C. Lancaster, en
gineer of the Columbia highway.
The party is making a two months'
tour of the Pacific coast, visiting na
tional forests and scenic spots. The
visitors arrived early Friday morn
ing and will remain here until tomor
row evening. The Yellowstone, Glacier
National park and Mount Rainier bave
been visited, and leaving Portland the
party will stop at Crater lake and then
visit the Yosemite and the grand canyon
of the Colorado.
Visiting the Eastern & Western Lum
ber company mill, the members of the
party, a considerable number of whom
are engaged in the lumbering industry
in New England, followed the com
plete process whereby the gigantic
logs are cut and fashioned into finished
'The mill was certainly a revelation
to us," eaid Harris A. Reynolds, secre
tary of the party. "Back home I have
several timbers two feet in width under
my old colonial home and they are list
ed among the wonders of that section."
At night at the Chamber of Com
merce Mr. Jackson gave the visitors an
illustrated talk irpon the Oreenn na
tional forests, explaining the different
kinds of timber, the road building, trail
building and fire protection work of the
forestry pervice. and showing modern
logging methods in the Pacific north
west. Mr. Lancaster followed with a
description of th building of the
Columbia highway, whicj the party will
visit this afternoon.
Plans for the completion of the me
morial at Crown Point were explained
by Mr. Lancaster, who expressed his
hope that within a short time the eight
panels and the four glass mosaics which
are to depict the history of the north
west can be finished by American mas
ters and placed in the building. Th
mosaics, he hoped, could be done by
Max field Parrish.
The trip up the highway was the
main feature of yesterday's nrozramm
for the visiting foresters. A stop will
be made at Kagle Creek for a picnic
supper. Sunday will be a, rest day, no
programme being arranged, and to
night the party will leave for Medford
from which point the trip to Crater
lake will be made in automobi les.
The society is 21 years old ami has a
membership of C"01. Two years ago a
similar trip was arranged rnrl the party
visitea Portland.
The present excursion is the largest
which has been held thus far. The so
ciety has for its purpose the conserva
tion of the forests, and has been re
sponsible for a programme of construe
tive forestry legislation in Massachu
Trade Isolation of Bolshevists Con-
sidered Impossible as Long: as
Germany If as Access.
(Copyright by the Now York World. Pub
lished by arrangement.)
LONDON, July 26. (Special cable.)
The allied blockade council has held
its final meeting here and adjourned
ine die. The World correspondent is
informed that one of the most impor
tant questions considered at the clos
ing session was the advisability of de
claring a blockade against, bolshevik
Russia and bolsnevik Hungary.
o action was. taken, partly on the
ground that the natural obstacles to
trade constitutes a blockade for the
present, although the most important
reason was that Germany has full ac
cess to Russia and is prepared to grab
great trade concessions.
ISO blockade could be airtight as long
as Germany can trade with the bol
shevik!. Thus this much-discussed
question, which has been passed back
and forth be'tween the supreme eco
nomic council at Pans and the allied
blockade council several times for the
formulation of some definite policy re
garding Russia in particular, has been
left where it was.
At the same time, the blockade of
Latvia, Lithuania, Ksthonia and Ger
man Austria was officially raised. The
blockade council holds itself ready to
meet again in an emergency.
Shipyard Worker Draws Savings for
Trip to Europe, Wakes Vp to
Find Sell Pauper.
Hard earned eavings. accumulated
during many months of toil in a ship
yard at fat. lelens and amounting to
$1500. were lost by Carl Berg of the
ower nv-er town. Thursday night.
Police who are investigating the case
incline to the belief that Berg was
drugged and robbed.
Berg reported his loss to the police.
saying that as nearly as le could judge
ne had been robbed while asleep in the
plaza block near West Park street. He
said he had been working in St. Helens
for over a year and a half, and was
intending to go to Europe shortly to
visit his relatives there. Thursday he
went to s?t. Helens from Portland,
where he had been visiting, and drew
$1500 from the bank there, r-eturning
10 inis cny in me evening.
All he remembers after his return
to Portland is that he felt sleenv
after walking about and lay down on
the grass in the park block to nest.
At that time he had the $1500 in his
pockets. hen he woke up later the
money was gone.
Police believe that somebody who
knew of Bergs plans followed him to
St. Helens when he drew his money,
and after that administered a drug to
him. probably in a drink; and then
followed the man until he became un
conscious. U. S. PLANE UP 31,100 FEET
New American Kccord Is Claimed
by R. II. Rohlfs.
GARDEN CITY, X. T.. July 26.
Roland K. Rolfs, sayingr he established
a new American altitude record, an
nounced last night that he yesterday
climbed to a height of 31.100 feet in a
triplane, flying over Long island be
tween Aline ola and Montauk.
This mark is 2200 feet better than
the figure chalked up by Major E. W.
Schroeder at Dayton. O., last Septem
ber in establishing the world's record
for that time.
The present world record is 33,136
feet, made by Adjutant Casale of the
French army.
Charles Cullen's Store of Beer and
Wine Is Seized.
Charles Cullen of 634 Wygant street
was arrested Friday night by Officer
Abbott of the war emergency squad
and Inspector Morris, charged with
violation of the prohibition law.
Five barrels of beer and several
cases of home-made wine were confis
cated by the officers and taken to the
police station to be used as evidence.
The beer was taken to the station in
a truck
The police say that the beer was
shipped from California before July 1.
and that Cullen has been selling pint
bottles of beer for 60 cents and a
dollar each, the officers allege.
Phone your wants ads to The Orego
. nian. Main T0T0. A 6095.
"Red" Soviet Plans to Domi
nate Central Council.
Union Newspaper Tells of Activities
of Revolutionary Body Through
Delegates In Meetings.
Charges that the Council of Work
men. Soldiers and Sailors, an avowedly
revolutionary body, is trying to get con
trol of the Central Labor council are
published in the Oregon Labor Tress
by C M. Rynerson, the editor, wh
urges Labor Council members to vote
asainst the "red" element and retain
the present officers in the election nvxt
1 hursday.
The election contest promises to be
one ot the hottest in the history of the
Central Labor council. At the last
meeting 143 delegates were present, the
largest attendance for months, and it
is said that many attended because it
was the fourth Thursday of the month
and they mistook it. for election night,
which is on the last Thursday of the
month. The fact that July has five
ihursdays this year is alleged to have
caused the mistake.
Conservative union men alleged that
some of the delegates to the Central
council also belong to the Council of
workmen. Soldiers and Sailors, which
was organized last winter by H. M
Wicks, who announced that he had
modeled the new organization on the
plan of the Russian soviet. Wicks has
since been arrested for agitation in
Spokane, Wash., and it is said that he
will also stand trial for white slavery
He is now in Chicago.
Radical Possess Tlrkrt.
The radicals have nominated C. A.
Strickland, of the shipwrights' union,
for president of the Central Labor coun.
cil. and Joe Thornton, of the retail
clerks union, for vice-president. Both
men have been identified with the "red"
element of the unions since the out
break of the war. It is said that they
will have 'the undivided support of
those delegates to the Central Labor
council who also are members of the
Council of Workmen, Soldiers and
Among the Central Labor council
delegates who are charged with belong
ing to the soviet is Charles Saunders,
of local 701, Hoisting and Portable en
gineers. Saunders is said to be secretary-treasurer
of the soviet.
The Oregon Labor Press prints an
open letter which it asserts launders
signed himself, announcing the revolu
tionary objects of the soviet. The let
ter follows:
Council of Workers, Soldiers and Sailors of
Portland and vicinity, 1313 Second street,
Portland, Or.
To all affiliated organizations Greeting-:
The Council of Workers. Soldiers and Sail
ors has encased Floyd Hyde, of Machinists'
Local No. t3, as Us permanent lecturer
and will in the near future salt your organi
zation to give him a hearing on behalf of
this body.
While our council Is a revolutionary or
ganization and while we realize that revo
lution is inevitable on account of the ap
proaching collapse of the present system,
we hope that unnecessary bloodshed may be
avoided by organiizing the workers into a
body so solid and impregnable that when
the critical moment arrives in this country,
as it has in Europe, our capitalist masters
will be defeated overwhelmingly and at once.
With this end In view m-e are advocating
the one big union, not because that par
ticular form of organization will of Itself
emancipate the workers , from this system
of wage slavery, but because it is a more
potent weapon for that purpose than any
other form of organization as yet put for
ward. The Council of Workers. Soldiers and Sail
ors is a delegate body, which provides rep
resentation for any bona fide working; class
organization. At our meetings you will
hear xpresed the opinions of the direct
actionlst. the ballot box advocate and the
revolutionary socialist: In- short, our coun
cil is able lo weld together any and all
methods which are able to spread our Ideas
among the rank and file of the workers
wherever we can get a hearing, and tor
that purpose we ask the support of all
union men and women. Send your dele
gates to our meetings, support us morally
and financially to the best of your ability;
don't leave it all to George! Fraternally.
July 14. 1919.
Jlr. Rynerson makes the charge, in
a first-page editorial, that the Floyd
Hyde referred to in the soviet letter is
also a delegate to the Central Labor
council, where Mr. Hyde represents the
Machinists' local. Mr. Rynerson as
serts that the soviet plans to put Hyde
in charge of the Oregon Labor Press
when they have won control of the cen
tral council.
Mr. Rynerson said that the radicals
were kept in the central council be
cause their constituents did not know
their "red" affiliations. He declared
that he had published his article in an
effort to reach the union men whom
the delegates represented in order to
let them know what sort of men they
were supporting.
Rynerson Opposes "Reds,"
"The labor movement of Portland
does not want a revolution," says Mr.
Mr. Rynerson in his editorial. "They
are not advocating revolution, but some
portions of the movement are being
misrepresented in the Central Labor
council, and for those who are guilty
of this misrepresentation the day of
reckoning is coming swift and sure.
''There are several other members of
the revolutionary organization who are
delegates to the Central Labor council.
Anyone attending the sessions of the
Central Labor council can pick them out
very easily. They are all. as the letter
states, advocates of the one big union.
They don't do anything constructive in
the council, and they take advantage
of every opportunity to prevent any
constructive work being done. They
are there for one purpose only, to
spread their propaganda. For months
past almost every meeting of the coun
cil has been largely taken up with these
propaganda speeches until many-delegates
have become disgusted and re
fused to attend, and some organiza
tions arc threatening to withdraw from
the council.
Election. Warslng Issued.
"The election of officers of the coun
cil will be held next Thursday evening.
This revolutionary band has nominated
and will attempt to elect to office C. A.
Strickland.representtng the shipwrights.
president, ana joe Thornton, represent
ing the retail clerks, vice-president.
They have also nominated men tor the
minor offices. These men are candi
dates against Harry Anderson, of the
Bricklayers, who has served two terms
as president, and William Klmse-. .of
the Typographical union, who is a can
didate for re-election as vice-president.
"So candidate was nominated against
E. J. Stack, who is a candidate for re
election as secretary-treasurer. Mr.
Stack is bitterly opposed by the "reds,"
but they reason that if they can elect
Strickland as president Stack will re
sign. The plan of the revolutionists
Is to get control of the Central Labor
council and thereby gain control of
the Oregon Labor Press, when it i
planned to put Floyd Hyde in charge of
tne paper.
It Is a singular fact that, while hares
are excellent swimmers, rabbits cannot
HpHE most surprising of the
O-Cedar results is how long your
car will retain the bright, shining, reflecting lustre.
You will notice it will not collect dust easily. And
what dust does settle on it can be removed with a
duster or dust cloth.
O-Cedar Polish is sold by All Dealers. 23c to S3. 00 Sizes.
Speaker Pleads for Place In Order
of Things for Faithful, Dark
Skinned Clitzens.
Fun and philosophy - and stralght-
from-the-shoulder truth marked the ad
dress at Lincoln high school Friday
night, when Dean William Pickens ad
dressed a crowded house.
Every serious thought and there
were plenty of them couched In the
best Yale English was set off by
stories true stories from Dixie told
n the Inimitable southern darky drawl.
For Dean Pickens, though he is vice
president of Morgan college in Balti
more and a Phi Beta Kappa from Tale,
was "bohn in South Ca'lina" and is as
black as the blackest man that ever
crossed the Atlantic in a slave galley
300 years ago. But he has a smile and
a stage presence and a flow of lan
guage that many a sllvery-tongued
politician well might envy.
Dean Pickens, who was brought here
by Mrs. E. M. Cannady, editor of the
Advocate, had for his theme the great
problem of placing the black man on
equal footing with his white brothers
'puncturing the bubbles of Illusion, as
the speaker put it.
"w e ve got the eternal problem of
the two races living together to think
about." he said, "and it's a lot more
difficult than the problem of dying.
"The negro knows the white man bet
ter than the latter knows himself. Down
in Georgia, for instance, there is not a
white man's home wortt, going- into
that a colored man hasn't had some
thing to do with from basement to
garret, yet there isn't a negro's home
that a white man ever thinks of going
into. We read the whits man s papers
and know what he thinks of us. but he
doesn't know what we think of him.
"What great light has the war
thrown on the black man's true charac-
Doctor Says Heat
Weaken and
Tells How to Strengthen
Dr. Smith, a well known eye specialist,
says that txpotur to beat. lUO'iltr. smoke,
dust or wind often weakens the eyes and
causes eyestrain and wrinkles due to squint
In. He tells how to avoid this and
strengthen the eyes. Many whose eyes were
falling gratefully say that they have had
their eyes restored by the simple process
he advises. One man says: "I waa almost
blind; could not see to read at all. Now I
can read everything" without my glasses and
my eyes do not water any more. At night
they would pain me dreadfully now they
feel fine ail the time. It was like a miracle
to me." A lady who used It says: "The at
moephere seemed haay with or without
glasses, but after fifteen days' use every
thing seemed clear. I can even read fine
print without glasses." Eye troubles of
many kinds may be wonderfully benefited
drug store and get a bottle of bon-opto
in the following simple manner. Go to any
Channell Chemical Company
ter? In 1914 the negro was the most
unreliable element in the Vnited States;
In 191$ he was the most desirable one.
He was even sent to guard the White
House when Washington was full of
tens of thousands of white soldiers.
Even the president knows In time of
trouble that black is a safe color and
doesn't run."
Dean Pickens spoke of he unsavory
reputation fastened to the negro by 50
years of publicity, declaring this could
not have been the true centiment of
the people if It could be changed in SO
minutes at the outbreak of the war.
"The negro has suffered much
through this." he continued. "Through
the one-sided attitude his devilment has
been made plain, but nothing has been
said of his goodness. We've seen these
stories so often we can't associate the
name negro with anything but crime.
If a white man commits a wrong, he is
not called a white man In the news,
but Is referred to merely as a man or
a bootlegger or a burglar. Suppose we
changed the order of things and pub
lished the color of criminal's hair
taking red for an example. It wouldn't
be many months before little children
would be running away from red
headed people.
The man who has all odds against
htm is the one who must exercise the
most courage, so why call the negro a
coward? No wonder a French gen
eral bad to cite whole colored regi
ments when he couldn't pick out indi
vidual heroes, there were so many of
The reasons the black man went Into
the war were partly personal, according
to Dean Pickens. They desired to bet
ter conditions and change the attitude
at home. -hoping to overcome evil with
good. In industry, he declared they
made good and where the negro had
been kept away from machinery be
cause it was thought he would break it,
he soon became a desirable man In
many of the most dangerous war in
dustries. "The negro." he declared emphati
cally, "was never suspected as being an
Instrument of the enemy In the mu
nitions plants. There are twelve mil
lion negroes In the United states and
they have as many industrial griev
ances as any other twelve million peo
ple , butdidyoueverherofthmTat-
and Glare of Sun
Injure the Eyes
the. Eyes and Protect Them
tablets. Dissolve one tablet In a fourth of
a glass of water and use two to four times
a day. Tour eyes will clear up noticeably,
right from th start. Inflammation will
quickly disappear, along with your tendency
to squint. If your eyes are bothering you
even a little, take steps to save them now I
before It ia too late. Many b ope lees y blind
might have been saved if they had cared
for their eyes In time. J
NOTE: Another prominent physician to
whom the above was submitted, said: '"TVs.
Bon-Opto Is a very remarkable remedy. Its
consistent ingredients are well known to
eminent eye specialist s and widely pre
scribed by them. It la one of the very few
preparations I feel should be kept on hand
for regluar use In every family." Bon-Opto.
is not a patent medicine or secret remedy.
The formula is printed on every package.
The manufacturers guarantee tt to treagtn
en eyestjrhl or refund the money. It Is sold
under guaxaaty by aU druse s is. Adv.
tins; lighted bombs tnywhtr to settle
their difficulties?
"Will the black man who showed
himself to be so reliable ia time of
war have doors elossd on him in time of
Frank Uallucci Alleged to Have
Driven Family Outdoors.
Frank Galluccl forced his wife and
children to sleep on the lawn whenever
there was a family quarrel, and on one
occasion ho sprinkled kerosene on the
floor of his house and tried to fire the
building with a match, according to al
legations in the municipal court Fri
day. Galluccl Is charged with at
tacking his brother-in-law, Joseph
Muti. and biting his face.
Municipal Judge Rossman set the
The VIT-O-NET is a magnetic health garment, which
hag over 16,500 feet of magnetic wire so placed that there .
is a definite magnetic field created. When a sick, pain-
racked body is placed in this magnetic field every cell in
the body is stimulated and NEW LIFE takes place. The
poisons and uric acids are neutralized and they are quickly
eliminated through the natural drainage channels. The
results we give through this NEW and wonderful method E
are almost unbelievable. This treatment will reach your
E case in a most pleasing manner.
(Kindlv bring this adv. with you and get one E
' FREE treatment.) j
I 327 Pittock Block
ffTftTMItlfTHItTTfTfTHtf fTTff f tff ItTMITfTTfTI MfTI Iff TTTTTTTT?? Tfltf tTTTftTTTffTTTfTfTf TTf f TtffTf Tf
Use O- Cedar Polish
the O- Cedar Polish
First, remove mud, dust, etc, from
your car by washing: vrilh water in
the usual way.
If you have used oils, or wax, it
is best to use Ivory Soap to remove
.Pour about 4 ounces of O-Cedar
in a pan and add a quart of warm
water. Saturate a clean cloth in this
and go over the body of the car. Do
not attempt to clean too much at a
time take one side of the body or a
fender first. Follow by rubbing:
with a dry cloth. But little rubbing
is required to produce a hard, dry,
lasting lustre.
case over until today. It Is probable
the police will send Galluccl before a
commission to test his sanity.
Factional Troubles Canse Order to
Dissolve and Divide) Property.
TACOMA. Wash.. July !. Ths Mu
tual Home association, commonly known
as the "free love" colony, on Joe's bay.
Puget sound, which has had much
notoriety during Its 20 years of exist
ence, was dissolved yesterday by a de
cree of the superior court here.
Fight' for control between two fac
tions brought the case into court. De
termination of persons actually mem
bers of the association will be an
nounced at a later date, the court ruled,
and the property distributed among
Aniioimciiic: Our
Let us show you what REAL
service is.
Accessories, Repairing,
Storage, Washing;
A trouble shooter at your serv
ice all night.
First St. Tel. Main 2417