The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current, July 20, 1919, Section One, Page 20, Image 20

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California's System of High
ways to Cost $73,000,000.
COUNTIES ADD $40,000,000
Arteries ot Travel Extended Into Ag
ricultural, amd Fruit Growing Dis
tricts, Greatly Aiding Farmer.
SACRAMENTO, Cal., July 19. The
state of California on July 1, by the
overwhelming vote- of more than 7 to
1. favored the issuing of $40,000,000 in
bonds to complete her great system of
paved highways being constructed at
a. total cost to the state of $73,000,000.
r In addition- the counties already have
voted $40,004). 800 for bridges and paved
roads connecting with the trunk lines
and lateral?. To, all these millions is
; to be adde another $10,000,000, which
' is to be thefederal government's share
In this state," $2,600,000 of which is ex-
pected to be available this year.
In the year 190 the. state launched
. comprehensive' road building pro
gramme by -voting to "issue $18,000,000
In bonds. It'soon became apparent that
, this would be insufficient to meet the
requirements, so in 1916 another bond
issue was ca'rried by even a greater
majority calltng for $15,000,000.
With the start, made .through- the
funds derived from, the sale of the two
Issues aggregating $33,000,000, the
' state now is ready to proceed with its
highway plans which have been broad
ened as the arteries of travel have been
extended into agricultural: and fruit
growing districts with the result that
the farmer has been given a depend
able year-round outlet for the market
ing of his products.
Result Already Wonderful.
! This remarkable enthusiasm over
good roads has been equally as pro
nounced in rural communities as the
advent of smooth highways was greeted
by the city man and motorist.- The
result already has been wonderful, and
today California has more than 3000
miles of highways forming a network
throughout the state over which her
millions in products annually are
hauled during all seasons of the year.
The latest bond issue will enable ex
tensions to be made into every local
ity of any consequence and every sec
tion of the state connected with over
BOOO nines of scenic and scientifically
Erraded highways.
As a direct result of this movement
for iroad improvements, California to
day, has more miles of concrete high
ways than have been constructed by all
the eastern states combined. These
paved boulevards radiate - from-every
industrial . and. shipping center and
touch the points of production in
manner never before attempted by any
other state of the union. Already the
system has half-way paid for itself
through the improved marketing con
ditions and the bringing of producer
several hours, and in many cases, days,
nearer the selling or shipping point
This .has caused motor trucks to
gradually take the place of the animal-
drawn vehicle, and today the great vaL
leys from the Oregon line to Mexico
are lined with motor-driven freight and
express-'cars in successful' competition
with the Steam and electric railroads.
California: Farmer to Be Envied.
The system of -good roads not only
enables the grower to get his grain
vegetables; fruit, melons; nuts and
other products to market at the oppor
' tune; time, but gives him a dependable
means of transportation which insures
him against losses which so often
' happen in isolated districts where, bad
Toads make it physically impossible to
, haul but a very small part of his crops.
These conditions have placed the
California farmer in a most enviable
position and have materially increased
t the values of his lands and products as
well.. :lt has brought about a quick
means of transportation and communis
, cation, with the result that organiza
tions have been fostered for the benefit
of all interests. For hundreds of miles
up and down the Sacramento and San
. Joaquin valleys the dairy farms dotting
the -rich agricultural districts literally
have been brought under one market
ing system, which makes it possible for
the producer to. get a better price for
his milk and butter fat and deliver it
; without difficulty in winter and sum
mer alike.
California, which already has worked
out and has in successful operation
perhaps the best system of marketing
crops in the whole country as it ap
i plies to perishable and other products
; requiring quick transit, has profited to
an extent almost beyond figures to re'
late from these highways. Examples
- of this might be given In fruit and
; berry-growing districts, where an im
mense tonnage must of necessity be
: handled without delay, once the crops
, pegm to mature.
Over these excellent paved highwavs
the grower thinlcs nothing of driving
25 to 50 miles with his automobile or
truck, carrying berries, asparagus,
peaches,- apricots, grapes, prunes, beans,
etc. The canneries and packing houses
have thus been enabled to operate al
I most the year round by reason of the
. increased transportation facilities to
and from the centers of producton and
the.dependableness upon the grower to
brLng to them his crop when they can
best use it, and when It Is ready to be
Bold. .
Food 3Vo Longer Wasted.
It is no Idle expression that before
the advent of the good roads in many
of the present-day leading marketing
communities enough food was wasted
through inability to get it to the ship
ping point or- market to feed severa
etates. The whole proposition has been
so systematized through the medium
of good roads that the farmer loses bu
little of his .yield and gets the top price
for .a larger and much better quality
with less- worry.
While benefiting the farmer and frui
and vegetable, grower, the pleasure and
recreational sitie of the highway im
orovements has added vastly to the in
.irest. population and wealth of th
ta.te. The number . of inhabitants
rnped up 35 per cent during the first
r'- .'oilowirs the 1910 bond issue
ana is growing at an even greater pace
at the present time.
The wonders of the state have been
brought within easy and comparative!
inexpensive accessibility to all citizen
together with a deeper appreciation of
the state s possibilities and what na
ture has endowed her with. A broade
grasp is constantly being taken of the
mountains, valleys, lakes and farms by
a very large class that Is not included
in the general run of tourists and sight
seers, who before the good road made
motoring possible in many sections,
could visit the scenes by the more ex
pensive railroad or stage traveling with
relatively high hotel and other ex
penses. In California today the most
noted resort, the famous parks and
playgrounds, is on the pathway of
thousands of admiring motorists who
eet out to see things in their own way.
Hl-chwaya Lined With A atom.
These highways at this season of the
year 'literally are lined wih automo
biles going to and from the mountains
and seashores, and affording the vaca
tionist and motorist untold pleasures
and happiness. Everybody talks and
boosts their good roads, rides over them
in their flivver or limousine, as the
case may be, and enjoys their lasting
benefits to rich and poor alike.
Sections of the state where. In the
days of poor roadswhole communities
were - isolated from -'the other-districts
and trading points, particularly -during
the rainy weather,, have been brought
together - and . into contact - with the
high-power voltage . of progress with
the result that every hamlet' has felt
the pulsations of the spirit of the new
era -that was ushered in when the state
inaugurated its extensive road-building
campaign. . .
-.There is no north, south, east or west,
and the intermingling of its people un
questionably has laid the foundation
for the accomplishment of even greater
things in the. future as. the . finishing
touches are put on the connecting links
nd cross laterals now possible under
the new bond issue.
In its present stage of . construction
the California highway -system consti
tutes what' in most states would be
considered very near perfect and uni
form; but oh account . of . the great
benefit derived from the improvements
already made, it was decided to Invade
the remotest regions by traversing the
mountain fastnesses-and virgin forests
n regions not -already-invaded by the
engineering forces that a better appre
ciation of the grandeur and beauty of
natures handiwork might be gained
and enjoyed by all travelers. - -
Two Mala Lines Cross State. ,
Two - main trunk lines of highway
have been built extending from the
Oregon state line practically all the
way to the southern extremity. awith
the exception of a small gap in the
north, these boulevards have been com
pleted and are in use, one passing
down the coast, while the other trav
erses the Sacramento, San Joaquin and
ower valleys below the - Tehachapi
mountains to San Diego. These won
derful highways,- paved, their entire
distance, carry the burden of traffic
and parallel each other, the widest
divergence being a little more than
100 miles. . . ' .
Branching out from these trunk lines
and crossing the mountain ranges ami
foothills is another wonderful system
of paved roads, while others have been
layed out -and. are included tn the final
programme. ...
Under the revised plans the state
ill proviJe a splendid driveway for
the farmer and motorist no matter
what direction 'he sets out to follow,
whether it be to climb into the moun
tain range to the fringe of perpetual
snow, or speed up and down the valleys
or across to the 'seashore.
This great engineering work of blaz
ing trails for' civilization and the com
forts and pleasures of life, to lead the
way Into . former, isolated . districts,
eventually to see finished highways
newn out or solid rock and ravines and
mountain gorges spanned by steel and
concrete bridges and ornamental
trestles, has been carried on under the
direction of the California highway
commission, which -was born of the
state engineering department and
given Its power by act of the legis
Although various types of hlghwavs
nave Deen constructed, the commission
from the outset adopted a standard
plan of solid concrete as a base, with
layer of rock screen and bituminous oil
with cement concrete surfacing.
InmnK Soma Well Handled.
The immense sums provided for
highway building have been handled
by the commission in a most conserv
atlve and intelligent manner. The
organization has the machinery and
efficiency of any highly trained private
corporation, and enters into -contracts
for all its work, buys its rock, sand.
gravel,, cement, etc. by enteringinto
agreements through bids for the de
livery of the material by which a sav
ing of from 35 to 60 per cent has been
effected. The railroads have been
given a special tariff schedule that has
resulted in a further saving in trans
portation of these materials of - from
30 to 0 per cent.
The various counties of the state
have co-operated with the commission
carrying out this extensive road-
building project: first, by constructing
at their expense out of funds derived
from bond sales all bridges in advance
ot tne Highway work, having been
advised of the actual requirements and
class of construction by the state's
engineering staff.. Secondly, the coun
ties have furnished the right-of-way.
it. nas Deen a narner task- to build
bridges and do all the other work in
connection with the pioneering of these
systems of highways across the big
state than to secure permits to cross
tne counties in the most direct and
uniform-graded districts, and at the
same time touching the principal
towns, cities and sections tapping the
agricultural and other productive districts.
Experience has shown that but few
are opposed to the advent of good
roads, but on the other hand almost
invariably have co-operated to the full
est extent. Comparatively few con
demnation proceedings have yet been
Referring particularly to the finan
cial side of the highway plan and the
maintenance of the system, the prin
cipal and interest on the various bond
issues voted by the state are being
paid out of the general fund, which
is created by a franchise tax levied
against public utilities ( orporat ions),
inheritance tax, etc., and not by direct
taxation or general levy on the com
mon property of the state.
County Pays Interest.
Under the provisions of the highway
act, whenever any of the proceeds from
the sale of bonds have been expended
in any county, that county reimburses
the state to the extent.. of paying 4
per cent on the amount of road funds
actually expended for highway con
struction within its borders.
This plan, however, does not inter
fere with any county road work that
may be undertaken, although every
foot of the -state system is under the
cirect control and supervision of the
highway commission, including the
right of way, trees and all ornamental
gardens, the signs and crossings. This
method prevents objectional advertis
i S schemes, unsightly billboards and
removes many of. the obstructions to
views aiong the arteries of travel and
giving a free and open view of fine
farms, growing grain and fields of al
falfa, orchards and an endless pano
rama of beautiful scenes and points of
To further enhance the attractive
ness of its highways, it is planned to
eventually have trees growing along
every rniM of their length. A good
start already has been, made, and to
keep the trees supplied with water and
green throughout the summer months,
water tanks have been" erected along
tt e routes which are fed by artesian
we"s. From these stations the auto
tank wagons take their supplies and
irrigate the young trees.
These highways, constructed by bond
issues and those built by special ap
propriation, are altogether maintained
from the receipts from the state motor
vehicle department as collected for the
yearly licenses. Tne funds from this
source are equally divided between the
state and the counties, the latter re
ceiving their share of such moneys on
a basis of the net receipts of motor
vehicle registration in the individual
Motor Department Self-supporting.
The motor vehicle department is self
supporting an! is allowed to retain 10
per cent of the total receipts for that
r-urpowe. As the total receipts for
1318 exceeded the $3,500,000 mark. ' It
can be readily seen that the state's
share of the funds to be applied in
maintaining its roads was over $1,500,-
Soin after its creation, the commis
sion adopted the civil service plan of
employment, even before the state had
seen the wisdom of the uniform regu
lations. Much credit for the success
of its -undertaking- is given-to that
An advisorv board made up or the
engineering and highway officials pass
upon all bids, contracts for construc
tion, audits, bills and otherwise has
full oower to secure the most, aireci
and beneficial 'results.- '
Before the. recent highway bond Is
sue was voted upon, a meeting or un
supervisorial boards of all the coun
ties, was -called, and as the representa
tives were called upon, . they put in
their reauests for certain roads In their
districts. This Information was worked
Into dh-.De during further conferences
and eventually ,wa brought, into the
legislatuie. . - '
in order to ao away witn me rta
tan n nri exDedite matters.- the legis-
,la,tr-re passed a highway bond, act and
also an enabling measure combined, by
amending the constitution. This made
It oossible to vote lor tne tw.uuu,vuv
bond issue while approving the con
stitutional -amendment.
Peace Council Agrees - on -Reply to
German Inquiry. ' . .
PARIS. July 19. The supreme coun
cil of the peace conference yesterday
approved the reply to the memorandum
of the German peace commission 'on the
methods to be followed in the applica
tion of the clauses of the peace treaty
concerning the Rhineland. The reply
specifies the powert; of the allied com
missioners and their relations with the
German administration.
The council continued today its ex
amination into the question of . the
number of " troops to - remain in the
Rhine region until complete execution
of the peace treaty.
Trial of Harry .Xew for Murder of
-Sweetheart Set for October 2 7.
LOS ANGELES, July 19. Prosecuting
attorneys will fight against any move
to have the question of insanity inject
ed into the trial of Harry S. New. they
announced today after New pleaded
not guilty to an indictment charging
him with slaying his fiancee. Miss
Freida Lesser, in Topango canyon sev
eral -weeks ago. - ...
Judge Gavin Craig set October 27 for
his trial.
Read The Oregon ian classified' ads.
Prominent Men of Northwest Sched
uled for Addresses on Good Roads
and Industrial Problems.
SPOKANE, July 19. The Washington
State Chamber of Commerce, compris
ing 18 chambers representing all parts
of the state, will hold its annual meet
ing In Spokane July 21. Jhe pro
gramme will be an extensive one and
will include addresses by premlnent
men of the northwest.
William Short, president of the Wash
ington Federation of Labor, will ad
ilcesa the .convention on labor problems
from the .point, of view of the federa
tion. N. B." Coffman of Chehalli. president
of the Washington Good Roads associa
tion and prominent in the state and
northwest, will discuss the rural de
velopment of the state and the promo
tion of better community life.
Dr. E. H Lindley, president of the
University of Idaho, will discuss some
phases of industrial relations, upon
hich-he is an authority.
- E. M. Chandler, engineer and director
in charge of. the Washington state
reclamation- service, -yr ill give an ad
dress on the reclamation possibilities
of the. state, with a brief survey of the
natural resources of the slate.
The sessions of the State Chamber
of Commerce at-whlch these addresses
will be given, .'"ill be open to the pub
lic. Brief executive sessions. In which
only ac-sedlted delegates will be given
a voice, will be held for the transac
tion of state chamber business.
Automobile parties, it Is planned.
Will make the trip to Spokane from Se
attle and Tacoma, stopping en route at
Yakima and. Walla .Walla. The return
trip from Spokane will te made by the
northern route, making a stop at
Wenatchee, according to present plans.
- Lumber Commissioner Coming.
SEATTLE. July 19. A. H. Oxholm.
lumber trade commissioner for the
United States department of commerce,
,1s expected to arrive In Seattle Mon
day next to Inspect the lumber Industry
here. 'During his stay In the north
west' Mr.- Oxholm will address the an
nual convention of the West Coast
Lumbermen's association, to be held on
Mount "Rainier July 30 and 31.
Stretched, si in tie tire, good The slightest cut in an in
tubes do not rip when cut. fcrior tube Rip! and the
, They cut but do not rip. tube is ruined.
You CdnTest
(the Nomvalk Right
L Straight , Through
THE scissors test shows you that the
Noi-walk Tube is different. It shows
you that it does not rip as other tubes.
The Norwalk Tube proves to you that
the Norwalk Casing is your tire. The Nor
walk Tube, floating
stock4', both red and
gray, is the highest
quality tube made.
The Norwalk cord or
non-skid fabric with
snow white sidewalls
and black tread is
the highest quality
tire made.
Norwalk products .
never ask acceptance
on faith alone. Prove
them before you buy.
Take the first test
now. Take the scis-
The Scissors
Take sample
piece of tube
in. by 3 in. S tretch
to 9 in. or three
times its original
length. Cut on the
edge with the scis
sors. The cut
should not be
more than Yq in.
across the sam
ple. If the . strip
tears apart the
rubber is inferior.
If your local dealer cannot supply you,
write to
Auto Parts Supply Co. Portland, Ore.
Auto rira supply Co. ,
812 E. Pike St, Seattle, 'Wash.
Makers f Cosines, Cord and Fabric; and Tubes, Red and Grwj,
Norwalk, Connecticut
"Floating stock is a standard of quality as definite as 24K gold
or sterling. It means rubber so pare that it floats. File away a
dated sample of Norwalk Tube and others, and compare them at
tbe end of a year. You are going to learn a lot more about Nor.
walk quality. But don't wait. Start saving your mileage-money
now. Ask us for sample of Norwalk rubber.
rJH E sterling value
of Overland cars
is clearly reflected in
the enthusiasm of
more than 600,000
Willys-Overland Pacific Co.
Broadway at Davis St.
Phone Broadway 3535
1 1 1 1 1. 1 ii iii iiii i ii. iiiiui. .aii iw ill I iiiui 'in u ii milium inn., ii.. i.. u.
cs 1 Vv CCJCIiSJ"
"HittbC the Spot"
July 14-19-at
AT 1.1th and DAVIS STS.
" ''4 -: :
fci fcw l .t, ill EamVaWaat liltl
.,,1 i hi I
r- 23piT
. : - v t .... it
The public is cordially invited to inspect the new and modemly equipped "works,
where ladies can visit without soiling their clothing where the Golden Rule dom
inates where the customer is always right with special machinery for
The Personal
will enter into our serv
ice in every detail to
have the customer's in
terest at heart at all
times to conduct a
"Works" with a con
science. Opportunity is
here taken to thank our
patrons and friends for
capacity business during
the past two weeks.
Man nfacturing & Repairing
Auto Sheet Metal Parts
Auto Wooden Parts
Auto Bake Enameling
Auto Fenders
Auto Radiators
Auto Bodies
Auto Wheels
Auto Tops, Etc.
No Car Is Complete Without a
This has made an instantaneous hit. We are sole-agents for Multnomah county
and carry it in stock in large quantities. It is highly efficient and perfectly safe;
front curtains can be dispensed with and driver at all times has clear vision.
r 4