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THE SUNDAY DREG ONI AX, PORTLAND, MARCH 9, 1019.
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rOKTLAXD, SUNDAY, MARCH 9. 1919.
SIX YEA ItS AS PRESIDENT.
Woodrow Wilson on March 4 com
pleted six as eventful years In the
presidency as any of his predecessors
had seen. He went into office pledged
to carry through a gTeat programme
of internal reconstruction relating to
the financial and tariff systems of the
nation and to the government's deal
ings -with Industry. Before the second
year of his incumbency was half fin
ished, he became engrossed In an ef
fort to preserve neutrality In a war
which convulsed the world, and Into
which we were finally drawn. He be
gan by grappling with domestic prob
lems: he has spent the greater part of
his term and a half with foreign prob
lems in which it was thought six
years ago that Americans would have
only a passive and incidental interest.
President Wilson began with every
thing In his favor. A majority in
both houses of congress was demo
cratic, and the republican party was
rent by faction. After his party had
been sixteen years in opposition and
had been declaiming against the mis
deeds of the republicans, the people
were willing to let it show what It
could do. He was all-powerful. A
tariff bill according with his Ideas was
passed, and at his bidding congress re
mained in session to pass a currency
bill which was supported by most of
Before his first year had passed, he
ignored an election pledge in favor of
making coastwise ships toll-free in the
Panama Canal and demanded repeal
of that law in order to escape foreign
difficulties which have never been re
vealed by him, nor by anybody. By
this act he divided his party as well
as the republican party; yet he forced
the measure through congress with
great personal determination, re-
cnforced by the powerful influence of
3 lis office. He responded to the re
newed demands of Colombia for pay
ment of $25,600,000 in settlement of
her "violated rights" in the Panama
Canal matter by proposing to pay
515,000,000 a concession which was
vigorously denounced by his opponents
as weak and spineless compliance with
the demands of a gang of blackmail
ers, and as a needless reflection on the
integrity of the service of an illus
The major diplomatic appointments
of the president were not open to
serious criticism, and some of them
meet the high requirements of per
sonal distinction and intellectual and
diplomatic accomplishments. But one
of them Pindell of Peoria, named as
ambassador to Russia created wide
spread criticism, which ceased only
when the appointee, with commenda
ble discretion, withdrew. The minor
appointments he appears to have left
largely to his secretary of state, Mr.
Bryan, who conceived it to be his duty
to give them to "deserving demo
crats." The nomination to Greece
caused a sensation and to Santo Do
mingo a scandal. The secretary of
state occupied himself chiefly in ar
ranging peace treaties while war was
brewing, and in delivering Chautau
qua lectures, thus with customary
thrift increasing his private income
while neglecting his public duties.
One of the first acts of the admin
istration was to withdraw support
from the six-power loan to China, and
as a result the United States has had
little hand in development of that
country and it has fallen under the
power of Japan more than ever dur
ing the war.
almost balanced horror at German
crimes in Belgium and France and at
sea, while pacifism was supreme at
the state department. But German
outrages and propaganda in this coun
try were arousing the slow anger of
the people and when the Lusitania
was sunk it was at white heat. The
president's first strongly worded note
was thought to betoken vigorous ac
tion and, when Mr. Bryan resigned
rather than sign thcsecond note, the
people braced themselves for a call
for war. But it was milder than the
first and proved to be the second of a
series. When Germany acceded to
the president's demands arising from
the Sussex affair, Mr. Wilson was cred
ited with a diplomatic triumph and
with having definitely kept us out of
war, though the tone adopted by Ger
many caused misgivings.
The president's aversion for war and
the extreme pacifism of his party led
him to frown on the demands for pre
paredness of those who saw danger
ahead, and in December, 1914, he
scoffed at them as "nervous and ex
cited," but the demand became so
strong and the national peril obviously
so imminent in 1915 that he took it
up and approved a scheme of army
expansion proposed by Secretary Gar
rison, and made a speaking tour of
the middle west in favor of the new
policy in February, 1916. The staunch
American Garrison was, however, ex
changed for the pacifist Baker. Con
gress whittled down the preparedness
scheme without protest. The great
idea of the president, which took the
form of a declared policy, was to keep
out of war, in either Mexico or Eu
rope. He prepared to run for a sec
ond term on a "kept us out of war"
platform. He wrote the platform
himself and skilfully sought to satisfy
an aroused patriotism by including
denunciation of the German out
rages and propaganda, then rampant
When a railroad strike threatened, he
yielded to labor by declaring for the
eight-hour day, but pacified other ele
ments by postponing decision.
be ratified by appointing senators as
When wo analyze the result of the
1916 election, it is apparent that Mr.
Wilson's success was due less to his
own strength than to the blunders of
tho republican managers. Several
states were very close and more capa
ble political management would have
carried enough of them for Hughes to
elect him. The state of public opin
ion was shown by the fact that the
house of representatives was almost
tied and that the republicans gained
The election was only a month old
when the president began to show a
genuine apprehension that we might
be drawn into the war. This Is the
explanation of his note to all the bel
ligerents calling upon them to state
their war aims. He received- a clear
answer from tho allies, an indefinite
one from Germany. He followed this
with a speech to the senate on January
22, 1917. in which he stated what he
thought America would hold worth
fighting for. That was the wise act
of a statesman who prepared the
ground for an Inevitable step. Yet he
still held back after Germany pro
claimed submarine war and tried to
compromise an armed neutrality. Not
till the Zimmermannnotewas captured
nor till he had heard the truth about
Germany's hostile designs from Mr.
Gerard's lips, did he decide on war.
ins ngnting spirit showed in his blast
ing denunciation of the filibustering
senators and, when the Russian revo
lution removed all risk of being allied
with a despot, all doubt ended. H
made a fighting speech ' calling for
His conduct of the war has been
combination of incompetence and
blunders and delays by subordinates
at home, whom he refused to discard
with wise and prompt decisions on the
great issues of the battlefield and dl
plomacy. He would not dismiss the
pacifist, incompetent Baker, nor have
a department of munitions nor a war
cabinet, and he harshly attacked Sen
ator Chamberlain for proposing these
changes. In Consequence, when w
had been at war a year, we had a mere
handful of men in France with no
American aircraft, guns or tanks. But
when the German rush came, he let
Pershing send American battalions to
be brigaded with French and British,
He saw the weakness of . the allies
through the divided command an
united his influence with that of
Lloyd George in favor of single com
seiors, takes counsel of none but a
very small personal and political cir
cle; and that "pitiless publicity" and
open covenants" are mere phrases
and not practical rules of presidential
conduct; that he is a partisan when
he appeals for non-partisan considera
tion and support of his plans and poli
cies and "adjourns politics"; that he
scorns consistency and practices op
portunism always; that he reserves
important seats of authority near and
under him for small men, for he
bears no brother near the throne1
that he follows and does not lead
public opinion and boasts of it; and
that the white house has never had
an occupant so exclusive and few so
aristocratic; and that he is tolerant
neither of criticism nor opposition;
yet most of the criticisms aimed at his
infirmities of temper and failures in
of a closed season on the coast of
Cuba for protection of a variety which
naturalists informed him was rapidly
becoming extinct is one of the classics
of ornithological anecdote. He is
credited also with saving the brown
pelican on the coast of Florida. His
action in the instance of Three Arch
Rocks was taken as a rebuke to wan
tonness in killing. Bird life on the
Oregon rocks was threatened, not by
hunters seeking food or serving any
other useful purpose, but shooting
miscellaneously and seldom taking the
The place in history of President
Wilson will doubtless .be high just
how high no contemporaneous writer
may say. The leadership of America
in the war and in the mighty events
following the actual ending of hostili
ties is universally recognized; and. the
part of President Wilson in achieving
for America so exalted a position and
for himself so unrivaled a world pres
tige, is very great. He has a mar
velous insight into the thoughts and i trouble to retrieve their kills.
hearts of men and an extraordinary tection at this point has not only pre
facility and felicity in putting them I served an Interesting natural monu
Into words. The famous fourteen I meat, but has saved several species
points have crystallized the sentiment I which are beneficial to mankind.
f all peoples into a common asplra-1 The list of names of members of
tion for peaceful development of 1 the memorial committee is significant.
righteous national aims, because un-1 for it includes those of many heads
doubtedly they define the reasonable I of huntsmen's organizations, as well
terms and conditions of national I as societies composed of naturalists.
rights and international relations. I This merging of two elements Indi-
The proclamation of the fourteen I cates that they have many interests
points was in itself a world's Declara- in common. And it will occur to the,
tion of Independence, a .Constitution I reader of Roosevelt s writings that
f Humanity; their acceptance by the I his appreciation of nature was keener
allies is tribute to the statesmanship of I than his love of the chase. When he
the president; and their realization I wrote that "a grove of giant redwoods
if there is realization will constitute 1 or sequoias should be kept just as we
is strongest claim to the high place I keep a beautiful cathedral," and that
in the Hall of Fame. 1 "to lose the chance to see frigate b'rds
It will not be forgotten by the pres- I soaring in circles above the storm
ent generation in America, however, I why, the loss is like the loss of a gal-
that the president, declaring often his I lery of the masterpieces of olu times.
purpose to "take counsel" with con- I he endeared himself to those who see
gress and with other constituted coun- I not only the utilitarian value but the
spondence to settle the steelhead-rain-
bow controversy. His is the delightful
plight of having to tell the pro-salmon
adherents that none other than his
own hand wrote the- erroneous au
thority they quote, and that he has
taken the scientific privilege of chang
ing his own mind.
Beyond all controversy the point
has been settled that rainbow trout,
when released In coastal streams.
though alien to such waters, will stir
to some tribal recollection old as the
spots on their flanks and will seek
the sea. When they return, he is a
wise fisherman, indeed, who can point
out a difference between them and
the native steelhead, to whose ances
try the stream has been a breeding
mecca for centuries past.
While the steelhead flourishes
and he flourishes with a will so hearty
that a hundred yards of line rips
through the water in a jiffy none can
with propriety complain that the old
gods are dead, or that Oregon ang
ling has fallen in parlous and profit
It is the intent of the Oregon fish
and game commission that the steel
head and his country brother, the
rainbow, shall continue to provide dis
port for the jaded, as the biennial re
port attests. During 1917 the com
mission released In Oregon streams a
total of 4.804.743 steelhead and 4,292,-
spiritual benefits derived from
study of natural history.
AT OREGON TROUT.
It la safe to assume that there Is
none among the fellowship of Oregon
anglers, however swiftly the trout may
rise to his hackle, but is given to pon
dering on the vanished days when
every stream was good fishing
Though his creel may contain a trout
of size and spirit, a radiant spotted
chevalier whose courage is ever to be
memorable, .he cannot but dwell in
thought upon the doughty warriors
who swam the stream when J-o
possessed the land.
In contemplation lies not the least
of those joys that fishermen find,
through fair weather or foul, when
they break through the tangle to win
Tt7 , a cast or two at some virgin pool, or
domestic concerns and In many lesser I , . w n , , "
policies and practices will in time be
forgotten; and he and his administra
tion will be remembered for what he
and it have done.
take a steep timber-trail to the tum
bling, untamed and untainted little
mountain creek that is always "just
over the ridge. They are given
much to fancy and stale pipes, from
which union is born an abiding be
is restraint OF CXTTD. I lief that any moment and any water
The Indiana legislator who has In-1 may send them a strike to tingle at
troduced a bill which would forbid the roots of memory for long years
county clerks to Issue a marriage I to come.
license to any male person, unless it It is true that tradition and actual
is made to appear by satisfactory doc- recollection agree that "there were
umentary evidence that "such male giants in those days," when the land
person is financially able to support I was young and settlers were too busied
a family and is likely so to continue," I with ax and plow to pay to the big
is doubtless unfamiliar alike with the I trout of Oregon the homage that was
ways of Cupid and with the history of I their due. Yet they found time and
the upbuilding of the west. It is a I occasion, here and there in the win
freak bill, and nothing else, and one ning of the commonwealth, for sport
would be sorry for Indiana if it were I that never was rivaled In the annal
thought that the measure is likely to I of angling.
be taken seriously. I It was so when Kipling came.
The fact is that there are a rood I fledgling of letters, keen to see and
many graver obstacles to matrimony I taste the world, and with a penchant
than fear of poverty based upon lack 1 toward sarcasm at all things Ameri
of Immediate - property in possession can. For Portland, then emerging
of the young couple determined to 1 from the frontier type, he cared littl
wed. Most of the capital of the young- I more than he had for San Francisco,
er generation of pioneers consisted of and for both he professed the dis-
war; war brlnrs strokes cf rood and bad
lurk which have aothinr In common with
the ordinary changes of life.
"The more innocent of the two" is
delightful satire. The burgomaster
calls It "subtle" too subtle for him
to understand. Or perhaps the reader
of the play will regard It otherwise.
The burgomaster feels only that the I
gardener is innocent. If he does not
make formal declaration of the gar
dener's Innocence, military law will
hold the gardener guilty: by his silence
he has the power to save his own life.
at the expense of another. "Is there,"
he asks, "a name for that action in
The discussion which follows fur
nishes the dramatic contrast of the
play. The question of "relative values"
of life Is raised. The lieutenant, in
evident earnestness, argues that the
life of the burgomaster is infinitely
more valuable than that of the gar
dener, who has no relatives, no chil
dren, no one to regret him. who does
no public service and who will soon
become a burden. There is in the
English common law some effort to
place a definite estimate upon the
relative values of human lives, as in
the case of a crew at sea in an open
boat with insufficient food: but there
never has been in practice a public
opinion in Anglo-Saxon countries
which would uphold the strong who
plead their value to society In Justifi
616 rainbow; and during 1918 a total cation of a sacrifice of the weak. The
of 2.631,962 rainbow and 1,633,580 stories of our pioneers in new coun
steelhead were released. I tries and new entemrise-i. Indcd. show
that the contrary has been the rule.
MONET VALUE OF EDUCATION- I The burgomasters point of view Is the
The deoartment of education of view of our people (and it is conse
Tennessee performs a service for the Sentiy q4utt? Incomprehensible to the
rausA which It rnrvwrit" hv nubllsn. I
Ing figures showing that education I the v,iu. usefulness of a man's life, but
pays in dollars and cents. It Is made I f dishonoring my own.
clear, for example, that the nations I It Is perhaps because of this capac-
having the most efficient educational Ity for comprehending points of honor
systems produce a relatively greater to which our morals are sensitive that
quantity of wealth than those with In- Maeterlinck is more greatly revered
fcrlor school systems. England and 1 In America than, for example. In Gcr-
France, among the nations of Europe. I many. And when the burgomaster.
lead both In educational facilities and I facing death, is made to say, "I am
in per capita production. Spain. I no hero: I am not used to suffering:
Greece and Russia are cited as ex-1 1 can bear my own unhappine6s. but
amples of the backward nations. The I not that of others." he speaks again in
productive power of the individual a language alien to the invader of his
Russian Is only two-sevenths of that I country.
of an Englishman and one-third of I Thus to summarize the play is not
that of a Frenchman. The showing I to betray the climax. In which the
made by Greece and Spain is only I burgomaster's daughter later figures
slightly better than that. I with heroic resolve. But the Issue is
To those who would contend that I sufficient for discussion during many
the figures represent a coincidence I a winter evening. "The more lnno
only, and that the difference Is due I cent of the two" and hence justified
to racial traits, statistics of the states I in taking the selfish -course the
of the United States should prove I phrase contains a volume of specious
convincing. Here it is possible, with I pleading. Who Is there In this coun
respect to the area covered by - the I try who will agree with the lieutenant?
survey, to estimate closely the rela-I And how many with the burgomaster
tion between expenditures for educa
tion ana productive capacity of the Caruso at 46 mourns his "vanished
people. Massachusetts and South Caro- I years." which would seem to run coun
Una furnish convenient types for com- ter to the theory that music tends to
panson, aiassacnusetts gives its cnu-I , rheerv lira and nromotes optimism
dren an average of 7.4 years of school- Yet the golden tenor Is not without a
ing. ana average expenaiture Is -5 certain philosophy which ought to co
a year for each child. South Carolina rar toward making his declining years
gives an average or a. a years or scnooi- bearable. This is that the public is
Ing per pupil, at a cost of $6.95 per right In whatever it demands, and that
pupil. Both quantity and quality are the duty of the artist is not to try to
lower in the latter instance. Produc- create a popular taste after his own
tion in Massachusetts is estimated at pattern, but to cater to that which
t6 a year; in ooutn Carolina, 1711 already exists. It is an attitude much
a year. I more likelv to nromote haoniness in
The comparison Is not made uprflj I both the slnrer and the nubile and to
the basis' of vocational education tend In the long run to elevate the
merely, put upon the amounts ex-
THK STORY OK ST. 1'ATKICK.
And so. you say. you'd like to bear of
Ireland's patron eaint?
Tou'd like to listen while I'd tell of
all the K'ood he e!ld7
Well, very little trlfl of words have I
the tale to paint;
But ehould I hesitate for that? Well,
may the lord forbid!
Tls happiness for anyone of Irish blood
Of him, who. though not Irish, was
the best of Irishmen;
The man who. moved by love alone, left
home and all to seek
The blessing of the country where he
once a slave had been.
And sure, he brought the blessing when.
a Christian of renown.
The "tldinKs of great Joy" he preached
on Krin's sunny shore.
And won the rich and poor alike, in
baptism to own
The lordship of tho Savior over life
But faith! he didn't stop at this great
work 'mong high and low;
His love embraced the very soil for
aa the his'try states.
Ha caused the three-leaved shamrock
of emerald green to grow.
And symbolixe love, valor, wit the
Irish Christian's traits.
And then to make things pleasanter and
show what Christ could do
In freeing hearts from evil, snakes
went out at his command.
And other creeping, scarey thing; he
banished all them, too
Made Ireland more like paradise than
any other land.
CWhafs that you ask? "Why didn't he
get rid of whisky, too"
Ma bouchal! that's an easy one; there
was no whisky then:
The drink those days was water and
the famous "mountain dew,"
The necter known years later to the
people us "poteen."
St. Patrick founded colleges, where
Irishmen were trained
To minister the gospel, and In time
those schools became
The wonder of the nations as the gifted
Went forth to every land to preach
and teach in Jesus name.
Thus In those early days the fame of
Ireland spread afar
Aa the world's great seat of learning
and missionary seal:
And all down through the centuries
che's shone a brilliant etar
Of religion and learning, e'en when
under tyrant's heeL
In every Christian land today, old Ire
land's sons are found
Holding high position in the church
and school and state;
St. Patrick's work is flourishing the
whole wide earth around.
And the nations of the world feel
they've cause to celebrate.
Now, sir: you've get the story in a brief
nd faulty way;
You know just why we celebrate the
day March eeventeen.
And why all the sons of freedom should
rejoice, too, on that day
And make a world chorus of "The
W earing of the t.reen.
T. J. O'CONNOR.
public taste, if there be need of eleva
pended for schooling , in every form. Hon. The sin-rer's estimate that there
good health, strong arms, willingness tasteful contempt of the continental . Massachusetts, which leads in this, also aro 20.000.000 Americans who are
to work and a worthy ambition to school. But Rudyard the youthful. " . V " , t. "-"r"'"" "inocuiatea wiin tne spirit oi tne
make their own way in the world, who had no prescient vision of this " ,, wouja neignten tne contrasx n opera" is encouraging. The supposl
Financlal ability to support a family same soil bringing forth an abund- details were available. The point tion has been that the number was
is difficult to measure. Th Tnrlia.n.1 ance of sons for the salvation of Eu- 80ue''t to be made by the Tennessee much smaller than that. With 80.-
solon makes another mistake in de- rope, tarried long enough la Oregon department, however, is that general 000.000 left for the musical shows.
fining it as "income from nropertv to catch his fish. r. u . " i"-"""" proaucuviiy, ana. however, everybody ought to be satis
which the applicant owns in tis own No one who has read that chaptef "-nereiore. is a concern or all the people ncd.
rWh t.lnh I. .,.,! .... nf Tnla Amoriran rnmhlcn anA w Yin I "-""""fuaj. J no murej aro BUU- I
tially to support 'his family In the has driven behind the livery team m.itted 'or the edification of those Borne of the colleges want to place
event of his death." To compel 'men with him to some riffle of the Clack- ,, money spent ror me eau.- a ban on spooning, and some of the
to wait until they have accu mulated amas, who has heard with him the n others as a kind of charity. I preachers are coming out in advocacy
property before permitting them to snarling whirl of the reel when the n"";0" " persons noiamg mis I of permitting spooning In church. It
assume family responsibilities would salmon struck, glimpsed the rapid. vlew ".happily, diminishing steadily, is easy to see which will be the more
be to put a check upon matrimony for I foam-splashed epic of that fight, but I X: .. .. . ... I popular among tne young ioiks If both
which no enlightened community has felt the kinship of eport when .y estimating ine value or tne have their way.
i .,,. v iba Rsi.c., divor r, w. r f ,i scnoois in aonars ana cents, tbe de
No American is poor who has the and on the pebbles. Kipling exults. ' ' ,ur"u""!U appraisal Tf an the soldiers of tho allies had
rudiments of an education and who is he "gloats," as Stalky was wont to . unuersiana. xne lm- exacted as high a price for the death
industrious. And the land Is filled say. and none will blame him. In Ponderable benefits, however, are also of a brother as did Sergeant Harry
with men who owe their success to the fellowship of fisherman there is """"" fcsi ing. Mullln, the war would have ended
the incentive which was given them I neither border, nor breed. nor I " 1 much sooner with the extermination
by having someone to work for some- I birth." MAETKUUXCK'S "BURGOSIASTER." I of the German army.
one besides themselves. It is not al-1 Calming somewhat, Kipling tells it would be a fitting climax to the
ways true that "love flies out of the hU reader that the king of all fishes, wrlUng of waP books if. as the pub-
niuuuw mien poverty comes in at I iuucu uj inuiot-u, v.u a. oaimvu i .. v. .
th rlonr " TW ,in. fresh from the Columbia and tho blue lishers there 18 about to bo an
of instances which prove the contrary waters over the bar a vigorous, vigi- end to them If Maurice Maeterlinck's
to be true. Half the eest of hattis iip. lant valiant opponent worthy of any Tne uurgomelster of btilemonde
The beauty of a cold snap now
would be that it would prevent pre
mature budding of trees and exposure
of the fruit to another frost. It is not
ftmd dUbt StS thal Foch'a lazy husbands who make the trouble. One guess is as good as another. The
t,llM diS?" , troop3 at D I not those who decline to wait until nomenclature of fishes was loosely
u.-.wbt,u wj. jjio t'ld.us was out: oi i.ne
main factors In winning victory.
When the allies called for troops to
relieve their thinned and exhausted
ranks, he answered without hesita
tion: "Send your ships and we will
send the men." His fourteen points
were a noble interpretation of high
national and international ideals, and
have proved a fine pieco of strategy,
for they were most effective propa
ganda to break down the morale of
the Germans and Austrians.
Very arly in his first term Mr.
Wilson announced a policy of non
Interference in the internal disturb
ances of other American states, but
said he would not recognize govern
ments established by violence. When
Huerta caused the murder of Madero
in Mexico and made himself president,
Mr. Wilson refused to follow the ex
ample of other nations which recog
nized him and when Carranza started
a revolution, he adopted a policy of
watchful waiting. Many Americans
were meanwhile killed and robbed.
He sent troops to occupy Vera Cruz
when the flag was insulted at Tam
pico, but did not get the salute to the
flag which had been demanded,' nor
did he send troops to Mexico City to
drive out Huerta, as had been expect
cd, nor did lie rescue the Americans
from the Tampico mob the British
and Germans did that- When the war
turned against Huerta, he fled. Pres
ident Wilson waited again while Car
ranza and Villa fought it out. More
Americans were murdered. When Car
ranza won, Wilson recognized him,
Villa raided our border towns in re
venge. Then Pershing was sent after
Villa. His men got into two fights
with Carranza'a men and the presi
dent tsent the national guard to the
border, also sent a very hot letter to
Carranza. War was expected, but
nothing came of It. Villa was not
caught, and the troops came back the
When Haiti and Santo Domingo
were torn by revolution, American
marines were sent to occupy them.
and protectorates were established.
Their case was generally held to be
parallel with that of Mexico. They
are small and Mexico Is large.
Subsequent events have so absorbed
public attention that these minor af
fairs are almost forgotten. When
war broke out in August, 1914, we
called It "the European war" then
the one idea of the people was to keep
out of it and all approved the Presi
dent's proclamation of neutrality. Ir-
ritatioa at the Eritish blockade at first
When we turn again to domestic af
fairs, we encounter one of the presi
dent's limitations. He is so ardent a
partisan that, when every one of the
chief allies has a coalition cabinet, he
will not trust a political opponent with
an executive office, though he claims.
and they give, ready support to his
war measures. He assumes that his
will must be supreme in his own
party, he disciplines those who dis
obey and thereby causes division when
he most needs unity. This weakness
led him into a grave error of political
strategy last October. The people's
minds were so engrossed with the war
that they were giving little attention
to politics, and there was a prospect
that democrats would be elected In
many republican districts because the
republicans did not vote. Republican
managers saw no means of getting out
the vote, when Mr. Wilson supplied it
by writing a letter reflecting on the
patriotism of republicans and calling
for the election of democrats. That
letter caused the election of a repub
When the peace negotiations began,
the national interest demanded that
the whole treaty-making power of this
nation work together, for no treaty
could become effective until ratified
by the senate. A new departure in
foreign policy was to be made. for.
league or no league, the United States
must be a party to settlement of Euro
pean affairs, for this occasion at least.
Yet Mr. Wilson deliberately ignored
the senate by appointing himself and
four others delegates to the peace con
ference without submitting their
names to that body and by giving no
hint of his plans. The consequence
is a predisposition to criticise and op
pose the agreements which he makes,
and a strong adverse influence is
created against the most momentous
and beneficent measure which has
come before the people for decision
since the civil war. President Mc
Kinley acted far otherwise. When the
Spanish war ended, he took precau
tions in advance tbat the treaty ghouM
hard to be an optimist, if ono onlv
In facing the world together. It is the man 's tackle and wit and resource. I snouia De votea tne last great worn i half tries.
or tne war series. tor iiaeleruncK,
as a Belgian, wouia De tne logical one Tonne Ford knows more than the
they -have a competence before they administered In those days. Broadly to place the capsheaf in position. Mae- I 0td man an(j ts eons to put out a car
marry, and there are other ways of speaking, all of that kin which came termics. is no mere propaganuisi wnen to sell for less. It takes young blood
reaching husbands who will not work, up from the sea were known as sal- employs a play as tne veniclo for I to snow the old fellows how to do
It is not practicable to weed them out mon. Perhaps It was a steelhead. a 1 empnasizing tne auiercnce Detween busluess,
at the marriage license window. I ten-pound rainbow trout, brimming tne point or view or the Prussian and
As has been suggested, even an I with the aest of his oceanic excursion, tnat or tne woria outside or Prussia.
Indiana legislature ts unlikely to pass At any rate, it fought as steelhead o play in recent times has so
a bill such as the one outline Rut fight. stirred the reviewers who have read it.
ifit did. it would only invite depop-I All o' which is but a roundabout I iney una xauii witn its teenntcal con
ulation of its state. Of all the reasons way of arriving at the conclusion that, struction, as this applies to its avail
that can be urged against earlv mar-1 however superlative may have been ability for production on the stage,
riages, failure to have accumulated a I the qualities of the big trout of yes- but not with the moral which it
competence in advance probably teryear, the best traditions of the teaches. As to the history which it
would receive the least rnnslricratinn species have been xeroetuated and contains, its references to the massa-
Perhans Americans are mn.trriAlisti handed down to Oregon anglers of cres at uinant ana lxtuvaln these
.... . . ! . . ..I V. .. ' ..1.4 11.. .......J V -
as some or their critics charge, but toaay in tne seagoing ramoow, anas s'4"-""? uj "l" I licvo was taught by war.
an American In love is auite as othirs sieeineaa. Ana steeineaa. wiui thanks uutumcnw, uuu mere are cermm
are. in resnect of willine-ness to lpt 1 to careful propagation and far- otner p liases to wnicn only tne ara
money take second place while the sighted protection, are yet plentiful matic form is adequate. Maeterlinck
pursuit of the ideal is under way. I In the very same streams that knew 1 18 a master of this. Therefore "The
them wnen captain Itobert Gray oursomHsier is uiteiy to prove io oe
.4 ....... . v. . n ... v. i . v. i j . I rtn. nr thn tmAks i T t r, h mi r
.. , ui w ii ma uivw vj i ui3 on 1 1, iulu U1D I . ------
. woE,,ia.i. I fr.ii AtiF t-h- rni.,mhu I The entire drama takes n ace In a
The proposal to build a bird f oun-1 vbrvr ar.t-ir.i-a rr.r.mii.r - single day. Thus swiftly did events
tain as a memorial to Theodore Roose- yarn arter the manner of their kind, move in the summer of 1914. In all
velt recalls to an advocate of the plan 50metime or other the tales of mighty there are barely five and a half hours
the fact that, while he was president. Utrikes and epochal struggles will of action, a fact that In Itself is quite
give place to one of an Oresron steel- without dramatic precedent. The
head, his pugnacity and his pound
age. Fin and sinew and scale, when
ever fighting fish arc discussed, he
rises amid his peers. "
Though a trout from the rounded
bluntness of his aristocratic snout to
the clean, square, powerful sweep of
his broad tail, the steelhead is offi
Roosevelt created 36 bird reservations
in various parts of the country- One
of these was the Three Arch Rocks,
off the coast of Oregon, the ornitho
logical wonders of which were de
scribed to the president by W. L. Fin
ley and H. T. Bohlman of Oregon,
and which still Is one of the most
noteworthy reserves, in respect of the
variety of its bird life, on the Pacific
coast. The biological survey of the
rocks was made in the summers of
1903 and 1905, and they were set
apart as a reserve in 1307. The two
burgomaster's son-in-law, Hllnicr, ts
a lieutenant In the Prussian army and
an under officer with Major Baron
von Rochow, a typical officer of the
Prussian machine. The burgomaster
The best thing about this season of
year is that the worst Is all behind us.
Crocuses are already peeping timidly
out and almost before we know it
apple blossom time will bo here.
Food may be a cure for bolshevism.
and then again it may not be. "A man
must live" is not the dortrine of self
sacrifice, such as we were led to be-
Laws against teaching German in
the schools seem to have been made
quite superfluous by the action of pu
pils themselves, who have not waited
The east Is due for a visitation of
17 and also 13-ycar locusts, and Ore
gon growers hope that the aphid we
had last year are preferably of the 17
rve missed the sights of Paris.
Where they say the bright lights
Slept In the mud and waited orders
While our brave boys broke the line;
All the kaiser's land and jewels
ror these words I'd gb.dly pay
"There is a transport in the harbor
And you're ordered home today."
I've seen my comrades burled
When the convoys' lights were dim.
Heard the bugles sounding mess call
hen the arub was mighty slim.
Now my heart is In the home-land.
And I wixh someone would say
"There Is a transport in the harbor
And you're ordered home today."
rve been robbed by foxy merchants.
Heard the night birds' lyric call.
Felt the clutch of "Spanish flu"
As my bc&t friends pa-ssed along.
Now the lone long trail Is turning.
Soon we'll hear the captain say
"There's a transport In tho harbor.
And you're ordered home today."
We're sick of French lassies
And of Belgian beauties, too;
Of red wine of the provinces
We've campled quite a few.
Our next stop Is old New York;
Soon we'll hear the captain say
"There's a transport in the harbor.
And you're ordered home today."
Hark. I hear a siren moaning
Clear away the craft afore;
Tis a gray old army transport
Coming from the home-land shore.
She's calling, softly calling me
To come across the sea
Where a mother and a sweetheart
Long and watch and pray for me.
Now my soldier days are over.
And I need no longer stay.
There's a transport in tho harbor.
And we're ordered home today.
(These verses were sent from France
by Private Foster F. West to A. Ghest.
31 Mxth and Taylor streets).
However, our Income and other
taxes will be as nothing compared
with those the Germans will be called
is taken as hostage for the good 'be- uPn ,to P. "hen thcy raise that ln
havior of his ceoole. A German offi- ucu""1''
cc-r ts shot dead ln the burgomaster's
daily known ln Oregon as tho steel- grounds. The only person known to une comion .m in, .
L i f I , have been near the slain officer is a discharged early from the service will
j m i : - i 1 frnrrlpnnp whs It- v-ulsl Ka - r-
flesh, and there Is commercial wealth posterous to suppose has killed him, coming to them until they get It.
i i.i . ...! : i , I The IVllSKirtn fifnr In rnmmanH imict I
other reserves in Oregon which the w,. 4v, , '.,, mike an examnle of someone. Th Success of the liberty bond sharks
birds owe to President Roosevelt are I tn i burgomaster Is Dermitted three alter- Indicates that something has been
the Malheur and tho Lower Klamath. ,.,,,, . ,,; U.B, natives. He may find the real mur- wrong with the commercial aspect of
served, where, though he is still offi- dcrer If he can. He may sacrifice 1 education in the public schools.
t'. itnnn wA in wx . i I the rardenor. Or h ma v nnv t h nn
sx uivM) Viiw Acavv t'lUlVA.ia '11 Ul 1 " m I . . . i Vu.
from npttlnir ln nrrlor tl, , m ally as noslare. I xno ruuuu v. ""'is wic
rise to the fly and furnish pyrotech- The point of the play lies not In and buttercups are in bloom, and it's
nlcs and thrills for sportsmen, as a the dramatic situation so created, but Possible the groundhog knew what he
true trout should. Mn the drawing of the characters of was about several weens ago.
rinr-a imnn tima k. .,,tv..i4.n. tbe German officers. The burrnmM.
volr-P the KiPrlbsnri -inifi..n ter's son-in-law Is not pictured as a I Pernaps one rrwu uy ine xarm-
The memorial will give formal rec
ognition . to the distinction ' which
Roosevelt made between the naturalist
and the sportsman, between the man
who hunts to find rather than to
spread terror and shoots to kill rather !
than to hurt. Although Roosevelt
was known as a mighty hunter, he
greatly preferred the laurels of the
discoverer of new or rare varieties of
game. ie distinguished, moreover,
between sentiment and sentimentality
in his defense of the rights of true
sportsmen. This he showed when he
If thoroughly protected any bird or mam
mul would speedily Increase in numbers to
such a degree as to drive men from the
planet, and of recent years this has bton
slftnally proved by actual experience as re
gards certain creatures, notably the wapiti
of Yellowstone and to a lesser extent as re
gards deer In Vermont.
He did, however, perform several
other noteworthy services for birds in
general Tlie story of hl3 declaration
classified as a salmon and the error
of his naming persists despite denial
It was David Starr Jordan of Stan
ford whose avocation has been the
classification of the salmonldae of the
Pacific coast, who first determined
that tbe steelhead was a salmon born
and bred, and whose mistaken dictum the gardener Is innocent.
found place iu scientific records and
encyclopedic works. This was an
opinion which Dr. Jordan later found
it wise to recant, re-classifying the
fish as a sea-run rainbow trout.
Since then Dr. Jordan has fre
quently, for his initial error, been
brute" In the commonly accepted er is worrying over daylight saving is
sense of the term. He Is. so far as a tBat he has nothing else to worry-
type of the military- caste may be, I over these days.
quite the reverse. But he is wbollv
unable to see the moral aspects of Someone will have to hurry If the
-SILVER. THREADS AMONG
(The most popular song In the army
Darling. I am coming back.
Silver threads among the black.
Now that peace in Kurope near?,
I'll be bark lit seven years:
I'll drop in on you some night
With my whiskers long and white.
Yes, the war Is over. dear.
And we are going home. I hear.
Home again with you once more.
Say by nineteen twenty-four.
Once. I thought by now I'd be
falling home across the sea.
Hick to where you tit and pine.
But I'm s'.uck here on the Rhine
You caa hear the gang all curse.
w ar is tieu, out peace Is worse.
When the next war comes around,
In the front ranks I'll be found.
I'll rush in aeain, pell mell.
Yes 1 will, like hell, like hell.
11. W. JACKSON.
Bern Castle, Germany.
MARCH IN (IREGOX.
Anon we read of fretful March
That foils the tender spring;
Of March that snows.
And hails and o'.ow s
Not eo in Oregon.
K dual role March surely
To the east, he's Mr. HjUe;
While to Beaver-folk
He's a kindly bloke
Jekyll to Oregon.
The dreaded March, proverbial.
Knows not our northwest clinic.
His frowns are smiles
Just sprlntstlme wiles
Out here in Oregon.
KD1TH J. PEHNOT.
the situation as the Belgian sees it. He I soldiers are to get that land we all
want them to have in time to do their
does not deny he even believes that
military machine demands an exam
ple. The rule is inexorable. The
lieutenant has a fondness for his
father-in-law and would save him if
he could. This is his logic:
I should not hesitate. After all. as there
are two Innocent men. why should you. who
are unquestionably the more innocent of
It promises to be a dull summer
no war. no congress, no anything, and
nothing to do but work.
I called upon la person, tuid. by corrc-ltue two, bo U-e one to aufUr; Wo ar at & ton of gas?
It seems that we used 366! tons of
gas ln the war. About how much is
Real Danger la Rata.
rOR.Tt.ANr. March 7. (To the Kd
itor.) Permit me please to congratu
late The Orfgonian upon the excellent
editorial which appeared March 6. en
titled a "Mild Winter and a I'lague of
Rats." It Is most timely and meets
with my full approbation. I should
like to see your suggestions receive the
attention they deserve in every com
munity. I made the suggestion to members of
the legislature ways and means com
mittee that the "bounty on rodents
be extended to rats as health meas
ure, but am sorry to say It did not
meet with approval. A. C. SEELT,
State Health Officer.