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About The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current | View This Issue
THE SUNDAY OIIEGOXIAX, PORTLAND, MAKCII 0, 1919.
0. S; OPERATION OF
i RAILROADS IS COSTLY
Howard Elliott of the Northern
. Pacific Gives Figures.
LABOR QUESTION TOUCHED
Xotcil Railroader Pleads for "Regu
lated Competition, Private Con-
trol and Fair Wages."'
) TRADE MAKK
df The City of fCW
h GOODRICH I n
CHICAGO, March 8. The early re
turn of the railways to operation by
the companies which own them and the
Passage of constructive legislation to
triable private operation to me made
Buccessful were advocated by Howard
Ulliott, chairman and president of the
Is'orthern Pacific railway, in an (ad
dress before the Commercial club of
Chicago at a dinner here tonight.
Mr. -Elliott presented some data
which brought out contrasts between
the situation on the railways under
private and under government opera
tions. "The Pennsylvania system," he said,
"furnishes 12.2 per cent of the total
ton mileage and 12 per cent of the
total passenger mileage of he steam
roads of this country. On December 31,
1917, that system had 233,600 employes
and on December 31, 1918. it had 273,101
employes. Although the ton mileage
handled In 1918 was less than in 1917
(the railways in 1917 being under pri
vate control) nearly 40,000 more em
ployes were required to handle the
Emaller volume of business.
Government Operations Costly.
"These statements are not made in
criticism of the railroad administration
or of members of it. but simply to em
phasize the point that the system of
government operation is not produc
tive of the best results. With the same
railroads a little better equipped in
1918 than in 1917, and the same offi
cers and men, hut with different organ
ization and direction, and with the head
men working as hard as human beings
coudl work and with vast war power
and freedom from restrictive laws, gov
ernment control had the effect of re
ducing that tireless energy and indi
vidual initiative so important to the
success of any enterprise, and the total
output of the railroads was less than In
1917 and was very much more costly to
'"The railway executives do not be
lieve in the so-called region plan under
which all of the railroads in a given
territory are to be merged into one sys
tem. They believe tha. tour geographi
cal, economic and social conditions are
to different from those existing in for
dism countries, that we must solve our
problem in our own way and not adopt
n plan because some other nation may
have experimented with it.
ObHorptfon Held iVeceRsary.
"Small, unsuccessful, and so-called
'weak lines' that are depending upon
their connections with the great trunk
lines, must gradually be absorbed and
become a part of the larger systems,
Just as has been done in the past.
"Regulated competition, especially as
to service, should be continued be
tween the great systems. Without rea
sonable competition, development and
The introduction of the most improved
and advanced methods for giving serv
ice to the public will be checked.
"What is called the labor question is.
of course, one of the most serious and
difficult confronting the whole world,
the railroads in particular, and there
must be a broad view of it and a spirit
of give and take by all classes of peo
ple. All good citizens desire to see
wages and living conditions improve,
but there is a limit to what commerce
and industry can pay and survive. It
Is surely better to have reasonable
wages and continuous employment
rather than force wages so high that
industry languishes, for then the wage
earners themselves will suffer most
I of all.
Xranoportation Vital Need.
"An effective transportation machine
ds vital to the interests of the nation in
war and peace. Its importance justifies
having a man in the cabinet to confer
on an equality with other cabinet offi
cers dealing with reat national ques
tions and resources, and to present the
transportation needs of the nation di
rectly to the president and his advisers.
He would not manage and operate the
railroads and more than the secretary
of agriculture manages and operates
the farms of the country.
"Some have suggested that the gov
ernment guarantee a fixed return upon
railroad property. The railway execu
tives believe that a guarantee would
tend to reduce initiative and retard
efficient management, and they do not
ask for it. They believe, with adequate
rates, reasonable liberty to act and
rood management, roads that have been
wisely planned, honestly financed and
well managed can sustain themselves.
Poorly located or unwisely promoted or
badly financed roads may have to re
organize or merge with other roads.
"Some of the great labor organiza
tions have suggested that the govern
ment purchase all the stocks of the
companies and own the roads subject
to bonds all the roads to be then
managed as a national system bv a
board to consist of an equal number of
directors and appointed by the presi
dent, by the officers of the roads and
by the employes. This would eliminate
competition and put vast power in this
BIGAMIST IS SENTENCED
. Soldier With Two Wives Must Serve
JEFFERSONVILLE, Ind. Carl Car
man, age 28, pleaded guilty to a charge
of bigamy in the Clark circuit court
and was sentenced to serve six months
at the state farm. He married Miss
Xloxie Kimmel at Fall-mount. Ind., on
January 18, 1913, and -lived with her
until -he entered the army last year
and wae sent to Camp Taylor. Without
obtaining a divorce he married Miss
Honora Potter of Louisville, age 19.
daughter of a policeman, on December
7, 1918. in this city.
Carman was arrested at Camp Taylor
on January 14 and later pleaded guilty
in the court of James S. Keigwin, a
justice of the peace. His legal wife and
, the other woman have visited him reg
ularly at the jail here ever since.
Mrs. Carman did not wish to prose
cute her husband and offered to take
him back if he would give up the other
-woman This he refused to do. He
pleaded with his wife to divorce him
and continued to show his preference
for the second woman, who visited him
almost every evening at the Jail.. Mrs.
Carman still insists the will not divorce
J -trie VarvviaicL aP
?z, to DD
her husband. She made the affidavit
on which he was tried and oonvicted
and was present today, when he re
ceived his sentence.
SEARCH FOR WILL STARTED
Document "ot Available When it Is
Wanted in Contest Case.
LOGANSPORT, Ind. Search is being
made through the vaults of the Ca.w
county courthouse here foT the will of
D. D. Dykeman, which was not to be
found when wanted in a case which is
being conducted jn this city before E.
C. Martindale of Indianapolis as master
commissioner of the United States dis
Mrs. Pauline Levinson-Powers of
Peoria. HI., who claims to be a daugh
ter of Mr. Dykeman, who was a Judge
in Logansport prior to his death, is try
ing to break the will, which bequeaths
to the citv of Lojansport a hospital and
public parks. When Lew Wallace of
Indianapolis, an attorney, who is repre
senting Mrs. Powers, sought to intro
duce it In evidence here Tuesday the
instrument could not be found.
Attorneys for the city introduced a
document which purported to be a' con
tract "signed by Mrs. Powers, and in
which, fcr a consideration, she is al
leged to have relinquished all claims
to the Dykeman estate, but M-s. Pow
ers, on the witness etand. declared that
she never signed the document.
An allegation of the complaint filed
by Mr. Wallace alleged that undue in
fluence had been uced in the drawing
of the will, but he withdrew this para
graph Tuesday and said that he would
show that Mr. Dykeman was of un
bound mind when the will wao made
and that his client is entitled to a
large part of the estate.
The Dykeman case has been fought
both in the local and federal courts
and is attracting gtcat interest here. A
part of the testimony will be heard in
Indianapolis after the hearing in this
city comes to a. close.
BRITISH FORCE ON RHINE
Details - of Troops Inrlude All
Branches of Service.
LOXDON", Friday. March 7. The
British army on the nhine includes a
division of cavalry, made up of 12 reg
iments, a statement issued by the war
office today regarding the make up of
the army shows. There are five bat
talions of cyclists in the force and 12
battalions of tank., while the artillery
comprises -60 batteries of all kind..
There are Z- ' squadrons of the royal
air force attached to th army.
Of infantry there are 102 battalions,
with 30 light trench mortar batteries.
The engineers, the army service corps,
the signal corps and other technical
organizations are of a size to corre
spond with the main force of the army.
it was announced by the district liberty
loan headquarters here today. Their
experiences in motion picture form and
otherwise are to be a feature of the
liberty loan campaign.
The men selected at Washington
were Privates Grannis L Syverson. Se
attle: Harry L. Causland, Anacortes:
Captain Edward C. Allworth. Crawford,
Idaho: Private Thomas O. Nelbour. Su
gar City. Aril.; Corporal John H. Prultt
Kay. The San Francisco men were
Sergeant Phil C. Kan and Corporal
Harold w. Roberts.
In one of the pictures In connection
wiin me experiences of these men. a
company of American troops was asked
to don German uniforms. Every one
of them "struck" and a company of
actors nad to he substituted.
HERO FILMS TO AID DRIVE
Kxpcrienees of 12. Veterans to Help
Victory Loan Campaign.
SAX FRANCISCO. March 8. Dis
tinguished service crosses have been
awarded to 12 heroes whose homes are
in the 12th federal reserve district.
NEW PREPARATION GIVES
CLEAR, WHITE SKIN
NO woman can afford to have a bad
skin. There is nothing that de
stroys beauty so absolutely as an oily,
spotted, pimply complexion or a sallow,
uninviting skin. Today it is unneces
sary to suffer from such disfigure
ments. A simple, easy treatment that is
within "the reach of every pocketbook
has been perfected and its results are
little' short of marvelous. This is Santi
septic, a delightful lotion. If the person
with a bad skin will follow directions
given, the results will be simply amaz
ing. It is a skin bleach and purifier
that !s perfectly harmless and can be
used on the most delicate skin.
Santiseptic is easily procured at drug
and department stores. Adv.
Just a Suggestion
With the one idea of pleasing all tastes, wc have
prepared three special menus for your choice.
Roast Ler of Veal
- $30.00 CASE INCLUDED
Its light weight and ready portability make
Corona instantly available, anywhere at the
office, at home, on train or ship or afield. It's so
simple to operate that you can dispense with a
third party to. private correspondence can put
your personal or business affairs into legible, business-like,
permanent form, whenever convenient.
And Corona stands the grind of heavy daily
service, for all its 6-pound compactness.
Changing the custom of years is a big job for a little
machine bat Corona bids fair to accomplish it.
Over 200,000 in Use.
E. W. Pease Co., no Sixth St.
Splendid Plate Dinner
Regular Sunday Dinner
Sirloin of Beef Roast Chicken
Chicken Fricassee with Rice
Cream Corn or Buttered Beets
Fruit or Shrimp Salad
Special Ice Cream or Fruit Jello
Rolls or Bread and Butter
Take Dinner With Us Today
Served 12 to 9 P. M.
Just Going to Vote
In the last days of Pompeii, when Ve
suvius blew up, and spoiled every
thing. It's a wise thing for ladies and gentle
men to be safeguarded against
blow ups and blow outs, especially
when spinning along a country road.
And the best protection against blow
outs is Goodrich Silvertown Cord
Tires, those handsome, powerful
tires you see on most smart cars
The tires with the Twin Red-JDia-tav
monds on the sidewall.
Silvertown's cable-cord body is immune
to ordinary puncture.
Silvertown Cords also give a special
ease, elegance, and economy, un
matched by other tires, and render
the full Service Value of all
Butf Goodrich Tires from a Dealer
on the River.
THIS AFTERNOON AND EVENING
2:30 UNTIL 10 O'CLOCK.
Largest and finest dancing pavillion in the state.
Under New Management
Good Floor Good Music Good Order
Cars at First and Alder Streets Direct to Park
fcULzau liz3U A U KzzJ U u U Li;
1 1 ipsnpn tpf 1
If I "BEST IN THE LONG RLf
I mM m 4
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