The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current, December 22, 1918, Section One, Page 7, Image 7

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    TITE SUNDAY OREGOXIAX, PORTLAND, DECE3IBER 2t, 1918.
1
PROPOSED
OF RATES OPPOSED
Lumber and Shingle Manufac
turers of West Object.
SHIPPERS LOSE SAFEGUARD
Xions Delays Possible Cnder Xew
Rule and Uniformity of
Cars Is In Danger.
SEATTLE. Wash., Dec 21. (Spe
cial.) General revision of freight
rates on forest products from Oregon.
Washington and California to all points
in the East and Middle West, as pro
posed by the United States Railroad
Administration In tariffs submitted In
tentative form to the Industry this
v.' e e k.. is calling forth protests from the
manufacturers of lumber and shingles
In the West.
Among the principal provisions of
the proposed tariff are:
Blanket rates are provided to all
points within each respective state.
Heretofore the tariffs have provided
specific rates to specific destinations
regardless of state lines. The proposed
tariff makes all rates to points within
the same state, with, certain exceptions,
the same.
Direct routes or combination of
routes are permitted. In other words
ill gateways are opened.
Minimum Weights Increased.
Increase In the minimum weights
to be charged per car. For example,
tinder the present tariff cars with an
inside measurement of 2100 cubic feet,
loaded with fir. spruce and hemlock,
are subject to a minimum carload
weight of 40,000 pounds, regardless of
the amount of lumber actually loaded
into the car. The new tariff raises the
minimum to 45.600 pounds, with propor
tionate Increases and decreases respec
tively on cars of larger or smaller
sizes.
Car orders must be designated ac
cording to their cubical contents in
stead of by length.
The mills declare that a rule requir
ing them to order cars according to
cubical contents would result In fre
Quent receipt of cars too short to re
ceive the lumber.
Delays Blade Possible.
Another clause grants the railroads
seven days In which to furnish cars of
specified size after ordered by the ship
per. Under the present rules the rail
roads invariably protect the shipper
with a car of approximate size within
4 8 hours after the car is ordered. The
new rule would enable the railroads to
make the shipper wait seven days and
result in a corresponding delay in ship
ments with no resultant advantage to
the carriers.
Milling-ln-transit . rates are ellm
inted. 'The existing tariffs allow the
lumber industry to start a shipment of
rough lumber, stop it en route, finish
and plane it and then continue it to
final destination under the same bill
of lading and on a through rate. The
new tariff would require the shipper
to pay the local rate on the lumber
from point of origin to the mills and a
separate rate on the finished lumber
to destination. The combination of
the two rates Is greatly in excess of
the existing milllng-ln-transit rate.
At a recent meeting of representa
tives, of all the lumber manufacturing
districts of Oregon and Washington
held in Portland, the Railroad Admin
istration was asked for 60 days in
which the ind-ustry may prepare and
state Its objections to the various pro
visions in the tariff. Meanwhile ex
perts will make a thorough investiga
tion of the new tariff and its probable
effects on the lumber industry.
1920 TAX RATE IS FIXED
fContlriTiyd From Flrgt Page. )
factions. After the finance committee
had adopted the 1920 plan. Senator
Borah said Republicans leaders threat
ened to filibuster and prevent the bill's
passage. Soon after, he added, they
"suddenly changed front," and pro
posed prompt enactment.
Senator Penrose replied that at first
many Republicans were disposed to de
feat the bill, but finally agreed that
as the Government needed the money
its prompt passage was desirable.
If, as Senator La Follettes' minority
report contends, the average corpora
tion tax is 48 per cent. Senator Borah
aid he could see "great reason" for
immediate passage of the bill.
Senator Borah afked whv opposl-
iiinmiimmmiimiiimmmiiiiimminij:
1 AN IDEAL I
I CHRISTMAS GIFT I
tlon had "suddenly- changed front" on
the bill. Senator Smoot said he could
not answer but that Republioans could
be relied upon to change the whole
system.
Senator Town.end said he was so
opposed to the. 1920 provisions that he
would be ready to filibuster in order
to defeat the bill. The Democrats
know (4,000,000,000 will not be enough
in 1920, asserted Senator Townsend.
Chairman Simmons admitted the
truth of the statement and eald he also
knew $6,000,000,000 was insufficient
for 1919, and that "all or most of the
excess would be required to pay war
bills, which ought to be cared for by
bonds and not direct taxation.
Extra Sensioa Predicted.
Senator Townsend said: "If the Re
publicans had stood up and fought this
bill with its 1920 provisions, as they
ought to have done, there would be no
extra session."
Chairman Simmons said Senator
Borah had Indicated there was "some
great mystery" on the cessation of Re
publican opposition. "I do not think
there was any great mystery at all,"
said he. "I think the controlling pol
icy or principle from the beginning of
the opposition' grew out of a desire of
the Republican party for an extra ses
sion." Senator Penrose said many Repub
licans had been so bitterly opposed to
the 1920 provisions that they talked
of defeating the bill. "But, like other
talk," he added, "it passed by, and
everyone felt that the Government
needed the money and that the bill
should be passed as soon as possible."
Denying an effort to compel an extra
session on the part of the Republicans,
Minority Leader Lodge said, "there are
other bills that will force an extra
session."
Senator McCumber said nothing was
said about the plan until the votes
had been counted last November.
Senator Kellogg of Minnesota, Re
publican, declaring the war had been
carried on extravagantly, opposed as
an "iniquity" the extension of war ex
cess profits taxes into peace times.
When he compared British and Amer
ican war expenditures. Senator Borah
interjected:
"But Great Britain didn't have any
Hog Island."
1820 Provisions Declared Vicious.
"Enormous waste," has occurred in
aircraft, ordnance and other work.
Senator Kellogg said, adding: "But
we are willing to forget it and wipe
the slate clean because of the splendid
results." The Senator further charac
terized the bill's 1920 provisions as
"vicious."
Senator Smith of Georgia. Democrat,
defended the 1920 provisions, explaining
that, if not enacted, the high levy of
$6,000,000,000 for 1919 might continue
during 1920.
Charges that the 1920 tax provision
was inserted for "political reasons"
were made by Senator Townsend, Re
publican of Michigan, and a member of
the finance committee who declared it
never would have been inserted had it
not been for the result of the Novem
ber election.
War Profits Tax Embargo.
In supporting his amendment for
continuing of war profits taxes next
year. Senator Jones declared that the
committee's proposal, if finally enacted,
would be an "absolute embargo on new
enterprises," and prevent the develop
ment of the country at the very time
trry.-rz.-'
Christmas
Dinner at'
e (Oregon (grille
s
w3
A FEAST of feasts an old-time
Christmas Dinner such as you are
in the mood to enjoy to the full the
dinner we will serve to you on
Cfjrfetmas 23aj
One o'clock to Nine
Come and eat of the good things that
the earth has so generously yielded,
and prepared for you with full ob
servance of every honored Christmas
tradition.
Make Tour Table Reservations Now.
$1.50 the Plate.
Ma
g-emeat Arthur H. Meyers
"Twas Christmas broach'd the mightl
iest Ale,
"Twas Christmas told
Tale."
-X : V-',-'
K .;-
If
Jim
when business should be most encour
aged. He did not believe a dollar would
be Invested In the Western mining In
dustry, if the committee provision was
adopted. In opposing the amendment.
Senator Simmons said it had been pre
sented before the committee by the
New Mexico Senator, and after much
discussion rejected.
Those supporting the Jones' amend
ment were Senators Ashurst, Fletcher,
Henderson, Johnson, of North Dakota;
Johns, New Mexico; Kendrick, King,
Myers. Phelan, Pittman, Shaffroth,
Sheppard and Thomas, Democrats, and
Johnson, of California, and McXary,
Republicans.
Klamath Total $982. .
KLAMATH FALLS. Or., Dec 21.
(Special.) Nine hundred and sixty-four
members and $982 is the total amount
reported to Portland headquarters last
night for the first two days of the
membership drive now being conducted.
The total membership sought 'in this
county is 6100 and with the large dis
tricts yet to be heard from the man
agement feels encouraged over the re
sults so far.
EX-KAISER FEELS BETTER
Former Emperor Able to Walk
About Castle Grounds.
AMERONGEN, Holland. Dec 20. (By
the Associated Press.) Former Em
peror William, who had been ill during
all the present week, was able to walk
about the castle grounds this morning.
The ex-Emperor appeared to have re
covered from his chill, and while his
Gifts of Merit Only
For Men and Young Men
A few suggestions for His Christmas Gift
from a Man's Store.
Hart S chaff ner & Marx
Suits and Overcoats
$25 and Up
House Coats and Lounging Robes, $650 Up.
Stetson Hats $6 and Up
"Multnomah" Hats $3
Interwoven Hose 40c and Up
Manhattan Shirts $250 and Up
Beautiful Neckwear 50c to $4
liilili !i
tit Doubt Buy
a Merchandise Bond for $1 DO and Up
It Solves the Gift Problem
Store Open Evenings
Until 9:00 P. M.
Monday and Tuesday
Sam'l Rosenblatt & Co.
The Men's Store for
Quality and Service.
Gasco Bldg.
Fifth and Alder
ear affection still troubled him, it was
understood to have been greatly alleviated.
GREEKS REQUEST FREEDOM
President Wilson and Allied Leaders
Receive Appeal From America.
PHILADELPHIA, Dec 21. President
Wilson and the Allied leaders have been
appealed to in a cablegram to them at
Paris by Representatives of 400,000
Greeks in this country to Insist at the
peace conference upon the freedom of
the Greeks everywhere.
This action was taken by 1500 dele
gates, representing all sections of this
country, who attended a meeting In this
city of the Greek Orthodox Community.
President Wilson is asked to give his
special attention to Greek demands.
Coal Prices to Stand Until Feb. 1.
WASHINGTON. Dec 21. Fuel Ad
ministrator Garfield announced today
that maximum prices on coal and sons
regulations on fuel shipments will not
be removed before February 1. There
had been reports recently that all re
strictions would be removed about the
first of the year.
Get Rid of That
Persistent Cough
Stop that weakening, persistent cough
or cold, threatening throat or lur.g af
fections, with Eckman's Alterative, the
tonic and upbuilder of ro years' suc
cessful use. SOc and J1.50 bottles from
druggists, or from
ECKMAN LABORATORY-. Philadelphia.
Adv.
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