The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current, December 22, 1918, Section One, Image 1

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    life
70 Pages
Five Sections
Section One
Pages 1 to24
VOL. XXXVII XO. 51.
PORTLAND. OREGON, SUNDAY MORNING, DEC133IIJEIS 22, 1918.
rRICE FIVE CENTS.
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OUTLOOK HOPEFUL,
DECLARES WILSON
Details of Peace Confer
ence Developing.
TREATY ALONE IS NOT ENOUGH
, Freedom of Seas and League
Held Imperative.
MUCH NOW ACCOMPLISHED
President Will Go to Kngland to
Continue There Discussion of
World Problems.
PARIS, Dec. 21. The President's
first week in Franco finds the prelim
inary situation surrounding the peace
conference favViy wen developed toward
the point where, according- - to the
President's expressed view, It will be
worth while for the United. States to
participate.
The President's conferences with
French and Italian statesmen have
served to emphasize that he considers a
treaty of peace not enough, but that the
general agreement to be made among
the nations must include a satisfactory
settlement of the question of the free
dom of the seas and a league of nations.
The President now goes to England
to continue the discussions there along
the same lines as those he had with the
representatives of France and Italy,
which the President's advisers describe
as having been satisfactory.
Holiday Plans Completed.
The definite announcement of Presi
dent Wilson's plans covering the period
from Christmas eve to New Year's' eve,
Including Christmas dinner with the
troops near Chaumont, the President's
trip to England and meeting with Pre
mier Lloyd George and his return to
France on New Year's has served some
'what to clarify the pre-conf erence situ
ation. Continental Kurope makes much of
the Yuletide; so, in the absence of
President Wilson and others closely
identified with the war settlement, and
liecause of many holiday social func
tions engaging the Americans, It Is
not likely there will be political or
peace developments of note. The week
wlll. be devoted principally ""perfect
ing themachinery of the conference.
- Trip Strictly American.
The President will. go to England, it
Is announced, probabiy by the Boulogne-Folkestone
route. The desire is
to have him cross on an American war
chip, so that the landing in England
will be distinctly American. American
naval vessels, therefore, would be given
charge of the channel crossing. There
are IS American destroyers at Brest,
and some of these have been ordered to
proceed to Boulogne.
Crossing by a destroyer, however,
would depend on weather conditions.
Destroyers are bad sea boats, and if
the seas are rough the President may
take a British warship. '
The inclusion of a visit to Manches
ter makes an important change in the
President's programme, as Manchester
Is an industrial center. There he would
be brought into contact with the labor
classes.
Italian Affairs Disctiased.
Saturday was largely a day of con
ferences, the only public function be
ing the conferring of a doctor's degree
by the University of Paris In the pres-j
ence of a notable assembly.
President Wilson will be accompa
nied to England by more than EO
American correspondents, who go as
guests of the British government.
When it became, known early in the
week that the President would visit
Great Britain, it was announced that
the American Army authorities would
(Concluded on Page 4. Column 1.)
. -iSs??sa S?S?3 I eMiJJC- W I I I fill W A 1
CHRISTMAS TURKEYS
RETAIL AT 50 CENTS
PORTLAND MERCHANTS REPORT
BRISK DEMAND FOR BIRDS.
Quotations for Geese, Ducks and
Chickens Range From 40 to
45 Cents Per Pound.
The Christmas turkey, will sell for 50
cents a pound in the Portland market,
according to retail dealers. This will
be the price of the best birds. Others
not so good can be had at 45 and 10
cents. Chilled turkeys left over from
Thanksgiving will bring from 40 to 45
cents.
Farmers marketed more than the
usual proportion for the Thanksgiving
holiday and have had fewer to offer
for the Christmas trade, according to
reports received from the country.
There was the usual early buying for
shipment to the Sound cities and the
Northern buyers stood ready to pay a
high price for the best selections. The
dealers look for very heavy local buy
ing; in fact, it has already begun, and
with geese and ducks scarce, they be
lieve turkeys will command a high
price up to the close of Christmas
buying.
Only a few dressed geese, have come
in yet and not many are expected. The
are selling for 45 cents; a pound. Fat
dressed duck3 bring 50 cents and milk
fed dressed chickens 40 cents a pound.
WAGE SURVEY NATION WIDE
Report of Government Surrey Ex
pected This Week.
OREGONIAN NEWS BUREAU, . Washing-ton.
Dec. 21. Senator McNary today
conferred with Postmaster - General
Burleson concerning the wage Question
presented by the appeals of employes
of telephone and telegraph companies
and was informed that the question has
been under Investigation for seven
weeks by a board of wage adjustment
and that a report is expected during
the coming week.
The board has made a Nation-wide
survey and expects to be able to make
a report of Nation-wide . application,
though- the wages recommended may
not be uniform throughout the country.
SOLDIERS' RELIEF IS URGED
Congress Asked to Provide Fund for
Sick and Wounded.
WASHINGTON. Dec 21. Immediate
legislation to permit the War Depart
ment to pay in full soldiers returning
from overseas for hospital treatment
ws asked of Congress today by Secre
tary Baker. " .
He said 97 per cent of the soldier j
patients arrive lo the United States
without service records or other papers
showing the date to which they were
last paid. !
He suggested a law authorizing the
War Department to pay the men upon
their personal affidavit as to the date
of last payment and condition of their
accounts.
SEA FOOD IS PLENTIFUL
Municipal Market Has Plethora of
Crabs and Oysters.
No one should go without oysters or
crabs this season, says Dan Kellaher.
The Municipal Fish Market, 1S5 Third
street, has a supply of hard shell fish
on hand that would )e enough for all,
he says. Eastern oysters are quoted at
60 cents .a pint while Olympiaa are
five cents higher. Crabs are selling at
20 and 25 cents . .
Eastern oysters on the. shell are 35
cents a dozen. Clams also are on hand
In quantities, he says.
COUNCILS TO KEEP LID ON
Defense Organizations Asked to Look
After Soldiers.
WASHINGTON. Dec 21. All state
councils of defense and local organiza
tions were called upon today in tele
grams from the Council of National De
fense to urge state, municipal and
county authorities to "keep the lid on
tight" during the Christmas holidays,
for the protection of soldiers and men
discharged from the Army.
-fT0 VWPQV
GERMAN CABINET
GAINS PRESTIGE
Fullest Authority Given by
Parliament.
MAJORITY SOCIALISTS RULE
Committee of 27 Soldiers and
Working Men Appointed.
STATE CONTROL APPROVED
Government Will Start Industrial
Experiment by Taking Over
All Coal Mines.
BERLIN, Dec. 21. (By the Asso
ciated Press.) The revolutionary par
liament which adjourned yesterday
gave the cabinet the fullest authority
to manage affairs. The prestige of
Chancellor Friedrlch Ebert and Philip
Scheldemann. has been greatly en
hanced by the appointment of a na
tional central executive committee of
27 soldiers and working men, com
prised wholly of majority Socialists.
The committee is largely a body with
parliamentary functions on a small
scale. It can eject obstreperous cab
inet members and has a restricted veto
power.
State Control Approved.
The congress devoted Its closing
hours to socialization problems. It ap
proved the state control for such in
dustries as are ripe" for the experi
ment and a start will be made with the
coal pits. Afterwards the steel and
chemical industries and the alkali
mines will be in-line for seizure, al
though the bulk of sentiment was for
leaving such complex problems to the
national assembly.
Emil Barth, of the Ebert cabinet,
urged that an Immediate start be made
with the coal mines on account of the
economic situation, as industries were
being menaced by the chronic unrest in
the Silesian and Bhenisch mining dis
tricts. Weimar Proposed Capital.
Herr Ricklet proposed Weimar, cap
ital of the Grand Duchy of Baxe-Wel-
mar-Elsenach, js the eat of the consti
tuent assembly..v.. 4
The general rrr;ke-up or tne con
gress was pronouncedly mediocre, as
the majority of members were from
local Boldiers' and workmen's councils
hurriedly prganized in the early days
of the revolution. The fact that the
congress convened at Berlin was re
sponsible for some embarrassing epi
sodes, such as Invasions by soldiers
and laborers.
Soheldrmann Loudly Cheered. f
Herr Scheldemann . was loudly
cheered by the country members when.
in the course of his address, he de
clared that Berlin was not Germany.
The Socialist pewspaper Vorwaer-ts
predicts that the main part of the dis
closures of Adolph Joffe, former Bol
shevik Ambassador to Berlin, will
shortly be forthcoming, in view of the
former Russian diplomat's declaration
that he no longer owes to Hugo Haase,
Foreign Minister in the Ebert cabinet,
the consideration due a former friend
and political ally. Herr Haase Jetti
sons Joffe by declaring that the latter
merely supplied him with data for
speeches in the Reichstag.
Bolshevik Rabies Scattered.
The categorical denial by the Inde
pendents that they were beneficiaries
of the Bolsheviki rubles, which were
alleged to have been scattered pro
fusely about Berlin while Joffe was
there, leads to suggestion in some
quarteqp that the Spartacus group was
financed out of funds deposited here
to the order of the leader of th In
dependents, Oscar Cohen, a former
Reichstag member, who is now under-
(Concludedon Page14, Column 2.)
HOW CARTOONIST REYNOLDS VIEWS
ovyA oryATOsyS
INDEX OF TODAY'S NEWS
The Weather.
YESTERDAY'S Sfaxlmum temperature. 45
degree.; minimum. 37 degrees.
TODAY'S Fair; continued cold; northwest
erly winds.
War.
Casualty list. Section 3, pace 8. ,
X-'orelarn.
Paris University awards President Wilson
honorary decree. Section 1. pave 1.
Austrian people in rage against military
commanders. Section 1, page 4.
German trouble-makJng minister In Mexico
recalled. Section 2. page 5.
Lord Robert Cecil to present plan for league
of nations. Section 1. page 2.
German cabinet gains prestige. Section 1,
page 1.
" . National.
Missouri Senator termed pro-Hearst. Sec
tion 1, page 22.
Army discharges now total nearly 80,000
dally. Section 1. page 3.
Strictly partisans vote taken In Senate on
war revenue bill. Section 1, pago 1.
Senator Lodge outlines Ideas on peace. Sec
tion 1. page 6.
General Goethals blamed for Hog Island
delays. Section 1, page 4.
a Domestic.
Children die of hunger In New York. Sec
tion 1, page 1. -
FTank P. -Walsh testifies In behalf of Victor
Berger. Section 1, page o.
Japanese alienist murders co-worker. Sec
tion 1. page 2.
Pacific Northwest.
Judge Chadwick to' bs Chief Justice. Sec
tion 1. page 10.
Vancouver officer honored In France. Sec
tion 1, page V.
Proposed revision of freight rates on lum
ber opposed. . Section 1. page 7.
Eugene pastor tells of French celebration of
armistice signing. Section 1, page 14.
Sports. -
Marines refuse to play Balboa squad. Sec
tion 2. page 2.
Turkey and liberty shoots to be held today
at Everdlng Park. Section 2. page 8.
January 19 fixed as probable date of swim
ming championships. Section 2. page 2.
State Legislature to be asked to legalize
10-round boxing bouts. Section 2.-page 3.
McCredle objects to unfair tactics. Section 2.
page X.
Hunt Club enters on 20th year with excel
lent prospects. Section 2. page 1.
Commercial and Marine.
JUHIfeed prices will be advanced at opening
or weeic Section 2, page 18.
High levels for season reached in Chicago
corn market. Section 2. page 13.
Stock market recovers from preceding day's
weakness. Section 2. page 18.
Dalana completes round-trip voyage to West
-Coast. Section 2, page 4.
Shipyards may close for two days each
week. - Section 2, page 3.
- Portland and Vicinity.
Oregon boys lauded for service overseas.
Section 1, page 19.
Oregon far behind as drive nears end. Sec
tion 1, page 1.
Christmas turkeys retail at SO cents. Sec
tion 1. page 1.
Ideas for memorial advanced. Section S.
page IS.
Army officer lauds Americans as fighters.
Section 1. page 16.
Portland nurse tells of work abroad. Sec
tion 1, page 16.
Change In judicial procedure favored. Sec
tion 1, page 17.
Christmas business breaks all records. Sec
tion 1. page 20.
Community Christmas tree rises. Section 1.
page 18.
Plucky widow wins against heavy odds. Sec
tion 8, page 8.
Bonds or deficiency warrants In sight. Sec
tion 1. page X.
Mills suspend for Indefinite period. Section
1. paga 14.
Weather report, data and forecast. Page 4,
section 2.
HUNS RETURN STOLEN GOLD
Belgian Bank Recovers BJsr Snm
Taken by Germans. .
BRUSSELS. Dec 21. German repre
sentatives have brought here from Co
logne 380,000.000 marks in gold, which
is being restored by Germany to Bel
gium. .
The armistice with Germany provided
for the return of the cash deposit of
the National Bank of Belgium, which
was removed by the Germans.
WEATHER GENERALLY FAIR
Rain or Snow Expected Latter Half
of Week.
WASHINGTON. Dec. 21. Weather
predictions for the week Beginning
Monday, issued by the Weather Bu
reau today, are:
Pacific States Generally fair weath
er during the week except rain or snow
second half over rrbrth portion. Nearly
normal temperature.
, Pedestrian Hit by Auto.
H. W. Wait, 354 East Forty-second
street, was injure slightly yesterday
by being struck by an automobile
driven by Dr. F. M. BuecheL The physi
cian took him to the office of Dr. M. G.
McCorkle In the Selling building, where
his injuries were dressed.
DIPLOMACY OF THE
L
1920 TAX RATES
FIXED BY SENATE
AH Provisions in War Reve
. nue Bill Adopted.
VOTE STRICTLY PARTISAN
Long and Spirited Debate Pre
cedes Test.
CORPORATION TAX REDUCED
Senator Lodge Denies Republicans
Desire to Force Extra Session,
but Expects One.'
WASHINGTON", Dec' 21. By a strict
party vote, the Senate late today
adopted all provisions in the war rev
enue bill prescribing tax rates for 1920.
which Democrats advocated and Repub
licans opposed, but failed to reach a
final vote on the measure. Adjourn
ment was taken until Monday, when its
passage is expected.
Disposition of the controverted 1920
tax provisions, designed to raise about
14,000.000,000. as compared with the $6.
000.000,000 estimated for 1919. precipi
tated long and spirited debate, with nu
merous partisan clashes. '
Vote Strictly Partisan.
Action was taken virtually on a test
vote In disposing of the provision re
ducing the individual income normal
tax rate to 8 per cent In 1920. On a mo
tion by Senator McCumbec of North
Dakota. Republican, to strike out this
section, 37 Democrats voted to retain
It and Jl Republicans were recorded for
its elimination.
Later - "1 other 1920 provisions were
adopted with perfunctory viva voce
votes. Senator Penrose of Pennsyl
vania, cenlor Republican member of
the finance committee, offered motions
to strike out the sections, but these
were bowled over by a chorus of Dem
ocratic 'nays."
Corporation Tax Re4ae4. . .
' Among the 1920 clauses thus ap
proved was the provision for reduction
In that year of the corporation normal
Income tax rate from 12 to 8 per cent.
In similar manner the Senate adopted
the 1920 war excess-prbfl. j tax section,
prescribing excess profits ranking from
20 to 40 per cent, in lieu of those from
20 to 60 per cent for 1919 and abolish
ing the 80 per cent war profits levy
after 1919. An amendment by Senator
Jones of New Msxlco, Democrat, to con
tinue war profits taxes in 1919, was
voted down, 44 to 15.
Disposition of the 1920 tax question
caused such protracted debate that
Chairman Simmons abandoned plans for
a night session and agreed to adjourn
ment until Monday at 10 o'clock in an
effort to expedite passage that day,
with a night session It necessary.
Speedy Conclusion Predicted.
With this issue out of the way Sen
ate leaders predicted that other pro
visions. Including the Inheritance, lux
ury and other sections, would be dis
posed of speedily.
In the partisan contest over fixing
rates at this time for 1920. Senator
Penrose, Townsend of Michigan. Mc
Cumber of North Dakota and Smoot
of Utah led the Republican attack,
while Chairman Simmons and Senator
Smith of Georgia defended the Demo
cratic policy. Charges by the Repub
licans that in so doing political advan
tage was sought with a view to avoid
ing an extra session of the next Con
gress, in which Republicans will have
a majority, were met by assertions
from the Democrats that Republicans
desired to force an extra session.
A suggestion by Senator Borah of
Idaho. Republican, that there was
"some mystery" about changed atti
tude of Republicans on the bill,
caused evident surprise among both
(Concluded in Page 7. Column 1.)
LAST WEEK ACROSS THE
SYCtAS-a Tow a to
j?ZYSV G- OUT" Oder AK
CHILDREN DYING OF
HUNGER IN NEW YORK
INQUIRY" SHOWS PARENTS CAN
NOT BETY MILK.
Ciderfed Boys and Girls Faint In
Schoolrooms; Clothing Mere
Bundles or Rags.
NEW YORK. Dec 21. Aroused by
reports that, with Christmas approach
ing. East Side children
In schoolrooms and dying at home from
nunger, because their parents cannot
Pay the prevailing high prices for milk
and staple foods, representative clti
sens today organized a committee to
"feed them first and investigate aft
erward." A plea that something be done for her
pupils, who were -slowly starving to
death." was made recently by a teacher
to Joseph S. Markus. a banker, who
now heads the relief organization. Mr.
Markus himself visited schools, hospi
tals and tenements and today Issued a
statement dealing with conditions on
the East Side.
One settlement, he eald. has the
names or 150 babies who, recovering
from Influenza, now face death from
pneumonia because their parent can
not buy milk needed to restore them to
health. Every hospital in the district,
he continved. knows hundreds more
underfed children, many of whom are
Physically unable to continue their
studies. Of his visit to one school, he
said:
"In one room there were 22 chil
dren. A ragman would not have paid
S cents for all the clothing they wore.
Many had no 'undergarments and those
who did could hardly call them by that
name. Many were without shoes and
others had heelless and soleless ones.
"We learned most of them came
there without any breakfast. Some
kind people were giving the teacher a
little money every week, and with that
she purchased some milk and cocoa,
preparing gruel over a small stove in
the room. She said with the high cost
of milk now she was not able to buy
much, and that several of the children
had fainted right there in the class
room. Others were too weak to leave
home and died there. Malnutrition
was the cause starvation."
SUICIDE PACT BELIEVED
Sergeant of Coast Artillery Wounds
Woman, Kills Himself.
SAN JOSE. CaL, Dec. 21. Mrs. Helen
Gelser, of San Francisco, was shot and
seriously wounded, today by Sergeant
Clarence Dunn, of the 40th Coast Ar
tillery. San Francisco, who then ended
his own life.
The tragedy, which occurred on a
hillside in Alum Rock Park, near this
city, was said by the authorities to
have been the result of a suicide pact.
The police made public a note written
by Dunn, which declared the Intention
of the man and woman to end their
lives together.
BRITISH FLEET MAY COME
Visit After Peace Conference Is Con
sidered Likely.
LONDON. Friday, Dec. 20. It is re
ported that the Admiralty views favor
ably the suggestion that a large part
of the British fleet, commanded by Ad
miral Sir David Beatty, should visit the
United States.
It is asserted, however, that no date
for the visit has been fixed, but it is
understood it will be made Immediately
after peace has been signed. Subse
quently the fleet will make a tour of
the British dominions.
BANK R0BBER RETURNING
San Francisco Officer LeaTes for
Portland With Davis.
SAN FRANCISCO. Dec 21. Police
Inspector W. H. Hyde left here tonight
with Arthur C. Davis, former book
keeper of the East Side Bank, of Port
land, Or, who is being returned to
Portland to face charges of embezzle
ment of between $45,000 and $50,000.
Police officials recovered $42,135.35.
which has been expressed to the Port
land bank.
ATLANTIC.
CToYy 3CZ-
1
0REG0l.6Etlir.DAS
DRIVE WEARS END
Only Five Counties Exceed
Last Year's Figures.
STATE'S TOTAL NOW 173,976
Multnomah Guard Takes Hand
in Final Campaign.
SOLDIERS RALLY TO CAUSE
Parade of Trucks and Street-Corner
Meetings Help to Swell Port
land's Membership.
ATTEXTIOJI! Ml'LTNOM.tH
f.lARDJMEM .
General orders No. 91:
1. Flejd staff, non-commissioned
staff, machine gun com
pany, transportation company,
supply company and comuanies
A. B. C, D. E. F. G and H will as
semble at the Armory at S A. M.
Sunday. December 22, 1918, to
answer the call of the Red Cross
in its- membership drive.
2. All former members of the
Guard are asked to respond with
their old comrades and aid la
this campaign.
Oy order of Colonel Campbell.
CAPTAIN R. C. DOLBIN,
Adjutant, Multnomah Guard.
Only today and tomorrow and the
Christmas rollcall of the Red Cross
will have ended, but not before Ore
gon has performed her full duty In the
cause of mercy this time, as she has
done before, if the hundreds of men
and women throughout the state who
are selling memberships attain the
goal at which they are aiming.
Unless the response in Oregon in
common with other, states is generous
enough for the estimated totals of
membership to be reached. It is said
another Red Cross drive will have . to
be conducted to obtain sufficient funds
to carry on the work of the organiza
tion. Orrjon Coal Far Ahead.
It was estimated at state headquar
ters. In the Gasco building last night,
that the state had enrolled only 34 per
cent of the persons available for mem
bership in Oregon. Redoubled efforts
today and tomorrow, both In Portland
and the outer-state districts, it is hoped
will bring the desired results.
Enrollment yesterday totaled as fol
lows: Portland
Outer atate
. .. sn.lJ
Total 173.00
Total secured in Portland yesterday
$14,425.
Whether the Red Cross will have to
come before the people for funds again
before next Christmas depends upon
the success of the Christmas roll call
campaign, according to a telegram re
ceived yesterday by State Director
Coman and City Manager Reed from
Hervey Lindley, division roll call chair
man for Oregon. Washington, Idaho
and Alaska.
"Henry P. Davison, chairman of the
Red Cross war council." reads the mes
sage, "has Just sailed for Europe on
the call of President Wilson to ar
range for the necessary extension of
Red Cross work. The million American
soldiers remaining In France indefin
itely will need the ministrations of
the Red Cross.
Merry Work to Continue.
"The coming of peace wiil show a,
picture of misery such as the world
has never sen befor. demanding the
iConcludtd on Pace 8, Column 1.1
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