The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current, October 27, 1918, Section One, Page 4, Image 4

Below is the OCR text representation for this newspapers page. It is also available as plain text as well as XML.

ilflDC' '"""nf t
Increased Rates Will Soon Go
Into Effect In U. S.
NEW REVENUE $24,000,000
ITalf of Amount Will Cover Wage
Advances of Company and Rest
Will Go to Ballrads.
WASHINGTON", Oct. 2. New express
rates involving average increasea of
about 10 per cent, applied mainly ia
ahort hauls;- will oe Initiated shortly
by the American Railway Express
Company, with the approval of Director-
Ueneral McAdoo to raise 124.000.000
added revenue. Half of the amount
will go to .the express company to meet
contemplated wage advances and the
other half to the railroads lor trans
porting; express matter.
The Interstate Commerce Commis
sion today approved the methods of
applying- higher rates, but suggested
that some pli n should bo worked out
between the company and th. railroad
administration to give all ths added
revenue to the company Instead of
dividing- It with the railroads. accord
Ins; to terms of the existing- contract
Director-General McAdoo tonight an
nounced that the suggestion would not
be followed on the ground that the
railroads are entitled to a proportion
ate share of any new revenue on ac
count of the higher cost of hauling ex
press shipments. int railroads now
receive 60 ii per cent of every dollar
received by the express company for
The express compan will proceed
Immediately to raise charges, but these
rrtcs will be subject to review by the
Interstate Commerce Commission on
complaint of shippers.
mis new rate would be a maximum
tared Ooteghem and are advancing to
ward the Scheldt River.
FRANCE. Oct. 2. The Germans were
perately today on the new
the Scheldt Canal and the
River In the region of Va
nnes. to which they had been
forced by the British encircling move
ment north and south of Valenciennes.
In the .fighting Friday, the British
made deep dents in the German de
tenses north and south of Valenciennes,
in spite of the determined resistance of
the enemy,
LONDON. Oct. St. The Erltlsh have
made further progress toward the
Scheldt and have captured the village
of Avelghem. southeast of Courtrai.
This announcement was made in a sup
plementary statement issued by the
War Office shortly before midnight.
FRANCE. Oct 36, 2:30 P. M. (By the
Associated Press. 1 he operations be
gun Thnrsday between the Oise and the
Peron Rivers by General Debeny's
army and on Friday by the fifth army
northwest of Sissonne have gained con
siderably in violence and gradually are
taking on the proportions of a great
Strong Defenses Overcome.
General Giulaumat's forces, attacking
from the right pocket north of Sissonne.
of which the Mortiers-Merle line is the
axis, has continued ita advance, over
coming a series of obstacles quite as
strong as any heretofore encountered.
In the center, the village of Mortiers
was captured and General Debeney's
forces, attacking from the left, reached
a point two miles east of Lucy.
The first army this morning took S00
prisoners and fighting continued In
tensely on the line of Hill 120, Hill 100,
Oppressed of: Middle Europe
Ring New Liberty Bell.
Xew Democracy Born in Historic
Hall at Philadelphia, Where
Czechs and Associates Meet.
born democracy was proclaimed here
today for the 6S.000.000 people of the
oppressed nations of Middle Europe.
Assembled In Independence Hall the
accredited representatives, of . these
states promulgated a, declaration of in
dependence in the very chamber in
which the declaration of 1776 was read
by the colonists.
To proclaim fittingly that the 18
Slav states of fhe German Emperor's
once subservient Mittel Europa have
shaken off the yoke of domination, the
mid-European union had a new liberty
bell cast and unfurled a new national
Die who may subscribe . their names
hereunto, do hereby pledge on behalf
of their respective nations that they
will unitedly strive to the end that
these wrongs shall be righted, that the
sufferings of the world war shall no
have been in vain, and that the iJrin'
clDles here set forth shall be incor
porated in the organic laws of what
ever governments our respective peo
pies may hereafter establish. .
(Continued From First Page.)
Cery farm, the village of Pleine-Selve. ?e" casl ""d unfurled a new national
in which a violent Infantry engage- fjf alongside the Stars and Stripes on
ment took place, and Fremont Wood, to
the east slope of Hill 115, which is only
about two miles west of the river
Peron. on m line east of Ribemont
Mortiers. occupied by General Man
gin, was one of the strong supporting
points of the Hunding positions north
of the Serre. The French troops all
along the battle front have had to faee
newly strengthened positions, from
behind which German artillery and
machine guns are keeping "up a heavy
General Guillaumat's forces encoun
tered five successive lines of wire, be
hind which were the same number of
lines of trenches, fortified with con
crete and deep armored shelters char
acteristic of the German field works.
The enemy's infantry, as well as his
artillery, reacts violently wherever
the roof of Independence Hall.
As the new bell pealed. Professor
Masaryk, president of the mid-Europe
union, read the declaration from the
steps of America's birthplace of free
dom. Previously .the document had
been signed by the representatives of
the new federation composed of Czecho
slovaks, Ukrainians. Lithuanians and
f 17 cents per lou pounds higher on French troops make inroads into the
flrst-clasa shipments and 12 cents on
second-class. In so-called first tones,
or short hauls, generally less than 100
For longer hauls, first and aecond
class rates would be tivanced 12 an l 8
cents a Hundred pemds. respectively,
as maximum. In addition. 1(1 cents per
hundred pounds, regardless of distance,
would be added to commodity rates.
li-o express company has estimate
that of the I23.H79.U00. which the pro
posed rates should prudtice. f 17.037.000.
or more than two-thirds, would come
from transportation In the first zone.
i..e enti-e , ..730.100, which the ex
press companr wou! receive from the
increased revenue, is to go to pay hiva'
er wages to employes who did not share
In previous wage advances.
'Continue From First Pajpe.)
and a nearby hill.
Alone the north
ern edge of the R&ismes forest,, north
of Valenciennes, the British ap
proached nearer the canalized por
tions of the Scheldt River. In this
region they have captured the villages
of Odomez and Maulde.
Between the Oise ud the Aisne the
French are making rapid stride- to
ward the important points of Marie
and MontcorneL Alcng the railway
southwest of Marie they have cap
tured the village of Mortiers. Further
east a big hole has been torn in the
German defenses begun in 1917. Be-
tween Banogne and Herpy the French
have driven forward toward Montcor about two miles, on a front of be
tween four and five miles.
(ermaa losses Heavy.
The Germans continue to fight des
perately to check the American troops
along the vital front east and west of
the jieuse. Their counter-attacks on
both sides of the river have been re
pulsed, but the enemy contlnuea to
bombard the American line heavily. On
the extreme western end the Americans
have reinforced their hold on the hills
In the southern portion of the Bour-
gosne wood, north of the Grand Pre.
In the last week the allied troops in
France and Belgium have freed 400
square miles of territory from the grasp
of the enemy. Paris estimates that in
the last four days the Germans have
suffered total casualties of 50.000, in
cluding 15.000 prisoners.
In the continuation of their attack
between the Piave and the Brenta the
Italians have captured more than 2000
prisoners in the last 24 hours, the Ital
ian War Office reports.
Italians Extend Galas.
There was heavy fighting all day
Friday northwest of Monte Grappa, but
the Italians maintained their gains of
Thursday and extended them somewhat
The strongly fortified height of Monte
Pertica to the northwest was carried
by the Italians.
LONDON. Oct 26. British troops
have occupied the villages of Atres and
Famars, south of Valenciennes, and
have made progress along the Scheldt
toward the outskirts of that town. Field
Marshal llaig reports tonight
The statement says:
"As a result of a successful operation
commenced by us this morning south
of Valenciennes we captured the vil
lages of Artres and Famars, thus se
curing crossings of the Klver ithonelle
at the former place and pushing for
ward along the east bank of the Scheldt
toward the southern outskirts of Valen
ciennes. "A counter attack delivered by the
enemy In the neighborhood of Engle
fontaine was repulsed. During the
course of today s operations we took
prisoner about 1000 Germans."
LONDON, Oct. 2. Brftlsh forces
pressed forward between Valenciennes
end Tournai, capturing Odomez and
Maulde, north of Valenciennes. They
also captured Mount Carmel hill and
fenlefontaine on the south.
French Take lalte.
Operationa in Belgium continue to
develop favorably, according to an of
ficial statement iasued at the War Of
fice today, which says the Frencn have
carried 2Culte. in spite of desperate re
autance. while the British have occu
pied the village of Inaoyheim and cap-
German lines. Last evening the enemy
counter-attacked with great energy in
the neighborhood ot the village of
Petit Caumont. endeavoring unsuccess
fully to drive Mangin's troops beyond
the Souches. The tenth army main
tained its positions and took prisoners
and supplies.
The German counter attack in that
region was precided by artillery prep
aration at the moment when the
French troops were advancing to the
attack. Mortieres -constitutes an Im
portant bridgehead north of the Serre,
the possession of which will facilitate
further operations against the German
position in that region.
PARIS. Oct 26. (Havas.) The fall
of Valenciennes is imminent. If it has
not already occurred, the Petit Parisien
says "The stronghold of the second
German line Is gone. Its center Invested.
It is the object of direct a saults and
local outflanking movements whfch
will soon smash it." the paper con
tinues. "The operations of General De
beney's army north of Guise and those
of General Mangin in th direction of
Marie constituted an increasing aanger.
The Escaut line may be considered as
lost the Sarabre line will be taken
shortly. We can foresee that the
enemy will retreat to the Meuse."
Hnna Lock Material.
The Matin says: - "The German army
has no material, lacks munitions, haa
not sufficient reserves to continue a
lng battle and has no 'tanks with
which to attack with spirit The,enemy
rear is at a low level while the spirit
at the front Is bad. We would be false
to our Ideals If we failed to take ad
vantage of the situation."
M. (By the Associated Press.) Heavy
fighting continued today In the Valen
ciennes area, particularly along the
Rhonelle River, south of city. The
enemy was battling grimly this morn
ing to retard the British advance.
which, from Its speed, threatened to
bottle up Valenciennes before its de
fenders could withdraw.
It seemed certain today that Valen
ciennes could not hold out much longer.
Yesterday the British drove forward
across the Le Quesnoy-Valenciennes
Railway, the Germans being forced to
withdraw from their strong positions
and fall back to new defense- along
the Rhonelie. Le Quesnoy was closely
besieged this morning by the attacking
Southward the British third army
had pushed forward a considerable dis
tance and forced its way through En
gelfontaine after severe fighting.
The British attack north of Valen
ciennes yesterday had carried them '
forward to a.i average depth of two
miles. The villages of Moen and
Heestert were captured and Spichte
straat and Friech approached, and the
troops which stormed Moen pushed on
to the line of the river at Bossuvt and
From statements of prisoners and
liberated civilians it would appear that
the Germans Intended to hold along
the present line around Valenciennes
only long enough to complete the prep
aration of the defenses along the Mau-
beuge and Mons line, to which they will
retire shortly.
Historic Bell Reproduced.
"Liberty for all the world and all the
Inhabitants thereof" is inscribed on
the new liberty bell, which is a repro
duction of the bell that rang out
America s declaration of Independence.
i roiiowing is the text of the declara
tion ot independence:
in convention assembled at Inde
pendence Hall. Philadelphia, Pennsyl
vania. United States of America, on
October 26, 1918. we, representing to
gether more than 50,000,000 people con
stituting a chain of nations lying be
tween tne Haute, the Adriatic and the
Black beas, comprising Czecho-Slovaks,
foies, Jugo-SIavs, Ukrainians, Uhroh
Russians, Lithuanians, Roumanians,
Italian - Irredentists, Unredeemed
Greeks, Albanians and Zionists, wholly
or partly suoject to alien dominion
deeply appreciating the aid and assist
ance given our peoples by the Govern
ment and people of America and of the
entente allies, on behalf of ourselves
and our brethren at home, do hereby
solemnly declare that we place our
all people and resources at the din
posal of our allies for use against our
common enemy, and in order that the
whole world may know what we deem
are the essential and fundamental doc
trines which shall be embodied in the
constitutions hereafter adopted by the
people of our respective independent na
tions, as well as the purposes which
shall govern our common united action.
we accept and subscribe to the follow
tng as Daaic principles for all tree
Consent of Governed Supreme.
"1. That all governments derive
their just power from the consent oi
the governed.
That it is the Inalienable right
of every people to organize their own
government on such principles and in
such form as they believe will best pro
mote their welfare, safety and happi
3. That the free and natural devel
opment of the ideals of any state should
be allowed to pursue their normal and
unhindered course unless such course
harms or threatens the common inter
est of all.
'4. That there should be no secret
diplomacy and all proposed treaties and
agreements between nations should be
made public prior to their adoption and
'5. That we believe our peoples, hav
ing kindred ideals and purposes, should
co-ordinate their efforts to insure the
liberties of their individual nations for
the furtherance of their common wel
fare, provided such a union contributes
to the peace and welfare of the world.
League of Nations Indorsed.
6. That there should be formed a
league of the nations of the world In
a common and binding agreement for
genuine and practical co-operation to
secure justice, and therefore peace.
among nations.
The signers of this declaration, and
representatives of our independent peo-
K, C. Haws. Vancouver, chief engineer
river steamer Casca.
P. Vint . Vancouver, second engineer
Cantain J. F. Douglas, New West
minster. B. C. master Yukon Rive
Mrs. W. C Carr, wife White Hors
George Hewey, fireman, casca.
A. D. Lewis, purser, Casca.
E. G Wheelden, deckhand, Casca.
Thomas Wishart, Iditarod, miner.
J. M. Colver. Iditarod.
Mr. and Mrs. W. H. McDonald, Daw
son. McDonald Is a ireignt contractor
and was bringing horses to Vancouver.
Walton and Alton Barnes, Dawson,
mining men..
Mrs. C. J. Perkins, Dawson.
W. C. Sharron. Dawson.
T. E. Thorson. Dawson, engineer Yu
kon Gold ComDany.
Oscar Beckman. Dawson, watchman
Yukon Gold ComDany.
H. M. Bridges and wife, proprietors
Yukonia Restaurant, Dawson.
John Patterson, Dawson, employe
Yukon Gold Company.
A. R. McClean. employe Yukon Gold
Fred Steinberg, has big mining hold
ings in Stewart I-iver country of Yu
Frank Brown, employe Yukon Gold
Captain N. Stewart employe north
American Trading & Transportation
James Kirk, helper accompanying
horse shipment.
Mrs. M. Vary and daughter, proprie
tors Dawson Laundry, en route to
Prince Rupert B. C, to busi
The unidentified names on the list
follow: Thomas Henessy. C Castleman,
Mr. and Mrs. A. D. Hinska, T. M. Tur
ner, George L. gchoipetn, w. iarper
and wife. F. W. Elliott T. E. Sandford,
W. H. Grove. I. Labrle. George R. Hen-
drix, A. W. McQueen, F. M. Bell and
wife and two children. J. Laird, J. P.
Anderson and wife, W. Murphy, J. G.
.Nichols. Eugene Meyers; James Dubois,
J. F. Kelly. S. A. Nelson, O. Poppert,
G. F. Mavhood. W. H. Smith. J. W.
Hellwinkle, S. M. Dalby,- M. Davis. F. L.
Gibbs, C. Knutson, John Eyer, R. Young,
T. D. Pobert. L. A. Hanson. W. L. Liber,
Mario Colombra, John Schenck, Charles
Guy, Jack Haines, Fred Buyer, B. Van
Vlankenburg, . C. W. Zylstr, J. Crone,
G. M. Dano, Carl Headlund. E. Senff,
A. H. Allison. G. S. Leavitt, H. Lawless,
H. Bennett, H. Russell, E. Taggert, A.
R. Garner, Charles Holmes, L. M. Lea,
C. H. Lisson, Charles Craven, P. W.
Peterson, Sam Chinquist, A. J. Greeny,
B. Satonyer, Fred Smith, Joe Able, C.
W. Barlow, O. B. Piatt, L. E. Clark, Sam
Kolones, J. Howard, T. Mabbins, Frank
Wheeler, F. Aftaiken, Nick Peter
son. W. P. Smith, w. f. sraitn, jr..
Thomas Nellson, H. D. Vandecarr, R.
H. Smith. N. G. Blythe, J. s. scnoim
and wife. C. H. Wilkenson, J. Christe
son. M. Stange. Tom Sinich, James
Hallmark, W. M. McWaters, John Mc
Leod, Mrs. James Hall, W. A. Foster,
Alec McCloud. T. Kagawa, E. J. John
son and wife, Mrs. Anna Lenez, George
J. Baker, A. W. Kingall, A. Campbell.
N. Stewart T. L. Hoennz, W. L. Idgett
A. S. Winkler, C. L. Queen, D. Williams,
C. W. Allan, W. Barton, W. Wright
N. McCloud and wife. J. Maskell. Will
lam Haggerty, C. E. Kilway, R. Mc-
Tavlsh, H. S. Tran, J. W Brown, H. J.
Kenyon, A. W. Anthony, R. Findley,
V. King, George Shlmida, A. H. Suther
land, J. J. Flannigan, Arthur Jonnson,
Sam Sorenson, H. Trucco, J. A. Clark,
Thomas Milne, O. A. Gridlund. Thomas
J. Collin, R. Hager, J. King, Leo Ryan,
Tralnor, A. Fleming, Mr. and Mrs.
J. S. Smith and two children, C. E. Wat
son, C. S. Verril, G. C. Randolph.
Second class L. Heinzer, Elmer Stit-
zel, Nino Climinton, H. Wrigle, R. M.
Eston, Charles .Nelson, Jim George,
William Staples, Sam Brown, P. Kontes,
E. M. Nelson, Joe Biate, O. C. Sawl, J.
L. Clay, M. Moyer, P. McCaskey, M. H.
Strupp, C. C. Faires, C. W. Porter, G. W.
Wares. E. A. Wend, A. J. Smith, N.
Dube. C. A. Paddock, G. M. Shiarlln,
J. S. Buzl.
Leather Novelties
Sewing Baskets
and Sets. A most attractive
display of these handBOme
baskets, finished in Moroccq
leather and Japanese brocade.
Each one fitted complete and
ranging In size from the small
est sets, which can be carried
In the handbag, to the large
sewing-room pieces.
"Mark Cross" Garden
ing and Rose Baskets
Leather lined everything
complete for cultivating and
gathering flowers.
Xearly All Members of Sophia Crew
Residents of Canada.
VANCOUVER. B. C. Oct. "6. Nearly
all the members of the Sophia's crew
were Canadians.
Captain Locke, master, was one of
the oldest navigators on the Northern
Coast Jerry Shaw was first officer.
. F. Gosse second officer and A. Mur-
iy lined
Beautiful Handbags
The very newest patterns in
smart pieces. Seal leather at
tractively grained, handsome-
With all the unusual
difficulties incident to
procuring merchan
dise, we are able to
show a most wonder
ful line of Staple and
Novelty Items.
The very newest
creations in Ladies'
Handbags and Pocket
books, in fine leathers
and fabrics; Tourist
Tablets; Desk Sets;
ladies' and gentle
men's fitted and un
fitted Toilet Rolls;
Photo Frames in
color, with one to four
openings; Desk and
Traveling Clocks with
full guarantee; every
useful and necessary ac
cessory for the soldier
boy or nurse.
A new lot of Ladies'
Handbags in chiffon vel
vets, made up on antique
frames with inside coin
frames. These in all new
color to match milady's
We are now featuring
the famous Mark Cross
-Luggage, Sewing Novel
ties, Manicure Sets, Over
nights, camping Sets,
Vanity Boxes, Garden
S. & H. Trading Stamps
With Every Purchase
Fitted Overnight
A very popular traveling con
venience, 12. 14 or 16 -inch.
Each with a striking brocade
or moire silk lining. Ivory fit
tings. Outside leather is of
best cobra grain and cowhide.
V lt . aae
Manicure Rollups
Contain all the fittings neces
sary for manicuring. Cases
are silk-lined, outside leather
of seal and suede.
Eight-Day Clocks
Radium dial, fitted In suede,
ooze, calf and many colors Im
ported ecrese.
phy third officer. All four lived In
Victoria. A. Alexander, of Vancouver,
was chief engineer.
Other members of the crew who were
aboard when the Sophia left on her last
trip were:
C. Bedell, Victoria, purser; C. J.
Black, Campbellf ord, Ont, freight
clerk; D. M. Robinson, Vancouver,
wireless operator; R. H. Galloway,
Vancouver, second engineer; D. Ross,
Vancouver, third engineer; J. G. Macey,
Vancouver, fourth engineer; J. King,
Vancouver,' chief steward; Wood,
Vancouver, barber; A Cartwright
Vancouver, second steward; Miss H.
Browning, Vancouver, stewardess.
The firemen, waiters and seamen, it
is believed, were all from Canadian or
K fc th tn-wrr ! th anrertatntle
f roa! and wood. It's plentiful, cheap, ej
tm (rt, sad turthvrmor Ha practical. With
a ilannmf Gam Maker you can u ksroaen
for a reitabiai and inexpensive dy-in-tid-day-out
fuel aii Winter. Klta any cooaunx
gtav. ranjr or he tine etove.
Da) It drmitl ratioa.
94 aad Ufe till &t
Summer Daylight Sarin? Season for
' 1918 Is at End.
Today will be the longest of the
year, 23 hours. lor at z ociock mis
morning daylight saving came to an
end and time officially was changed
back to the old schedule. Thosa time
pieces which had not been turned back
one hour last night when their owners
retired were handicapped the hour at 2
o'clock this morning that tney gained
on the morning of March 31, when
clocks and watchea were set one hour
Persons who plan on boarding trails,
cars and boats, or keeping appointments
today, will do well to see that their
timepieces are on the old schedule, else
they may find themselves a whole hour
ahead of time.
It's Time to "Hooverize" Your Sweeping
Save Time and Labor and Do Away
With Dust Buy a
Solf on Easy Payments
The Hoover has a motor-driven
brush! It sweeps at the same time
that it cleans by vacuum. There are
other features, too, that you'll find
only in the "Hoover." Come in to
morrow and let us demonstrate them
to you.
J. C. English Co. aj,
kw r7vemfc;n9 v- ,
. 148 FIFTH ST.,
Second Kloor,
Between Morrlsoa
and Alder.
$100 CASH
or more will be paid for your used up
right piano.
Security Storage Co.
109 4th st. Call Main 5323.
Puget Sound ports.
i Chinese were aboard.
In addition, 11
Spraying of pulverized coal into the
fire boxes of steamship boilers by a
new process produces such Intense heat
that the ashes literally are melted and
run down out of the way.
BUY ' your diamonds . from a
house-that has served con
tinuously for two generations. A
beautiful diamond from Friedlander's
brings to its owner a marked degree
of prestige.
Established 1870
310 Washington, Bet. Fifth and Sixth
1 7-
1 17" f n T
Fill J I
Ago iod&y
The Ancient Order of United Workmen was
organized in Meadville, Pa. The first Society
in America to insure the lives of its members.
Double War Tax Burden.
Theatrical managers of Portland yes
terday received word from Senator Mc-
Nary that he would seek postponement
of application of the double war tax
until July. 1S19 The theater men had
telegraphed Senator McXary citing the
financial losses they are suffering
through the Influenza epidemic, and
asking that he take some action to de
lay application of the double war tax.
Amusement houses now are paying 10
per cent war tax.
Win lock Girl to Be Xurse.
WINLOCK. Wash.. Oct. 2( (Spe
cial.) Miss Selma Rlnta, daughter of
Mr. and Mrs. J. E. Rinta. of this place.
she will begin training as nurse for)
overseas duty. Miss Rinta graduated
from tne vviniocK mgn acnooi last
Spring, and immediately after her
graduation she volunteered her serv
ices to Uncle Sam.
Guaranteed .genuine non-shrinkable Viyella Flannels and
fine qualities Imported Madras shirtings.
Our regular $10.00 gy rQ
Viyellas for "
Our regrular $5.00 and $5.50
grade Woven Madras QQ
Every shirt made absolutely to Your Measure and Fit, Quality,
Workmanship and Colors Guaranteed. No solicitors, no charge
accounts. That's why.
Estab. 1888 Raleigh BIdg., 327 Washington St., Cor 6th
Our regular $6.00 and $6.60
grade Woven Madras QQ
Heavy Silk Fiber, superior qual
ity very serviceable, Of ff
$7.50, for DA).Ul
The Father of Beneficiary Insurance in America
has since its organization paid to its members
- " N f
Founder of A. O. U. W.
D. C. HERRIN, Grand Master
." A. O. U. W. of Oregon.