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About The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current | View This Issue
THE SUNDAY OREGOXIAX, PORTLAND. OCTOBER 20, 1918.
IS LEADER i
STURDY MOTOR TRUCKS HAUL OUT THE SPRUCE TO MAKE THE AIRPLANES TO LICK THE KAISER.
If, LIBERTY MOTORS
Nearly 4000 Already Turned
Out From Its Plant.
TOTAL PRODUCTION 10,000
Complete Figures Cp to October 10
Shoo- Fast Projrcs on All
Important Airplane Motors.
DETROIT. Mich. Oct. 19. Of the
first 10,000 Liberty motors produced.
9J were Packard built. On the same
date, the Lincoln motors had produced
2601. and the total Ford output was
2V10. The total production of all mak
ers up to October 1 was ll'.isi.
The largest number shipped as yet In
a sincle day from any plant has been
150. This shipment was made from the
Packard plant on June 30. iroauction
- chiefs noint out. however, that ship
tnents are not the true barometer of
production, because several engines
may be completed in all but a detail or
two. held up Indefinitely tor mat ae
tall. and then suddenly completed and a
large number released for shipment In
a single day.
The figures on engines assembled,
which furnish the real gauge of pro
duction, and on shipments made up to
the night of October for all Liberty
engine makers are as follows:
Packard assembled 3965, shipped
369S; Lincoln assembled 2524, shipped
2S91; Ford assembled 2010, shipped
1766; General Motors assembled 1144,
shipped 961; Nordyke and Marmon as
sembled 208. shipped 139.
The Packard Company points out
that its record production is due to
the start it gained in its experimental
work for two years preceding the
declaration of war, in its close asso
ciation with the Liberty engine, and in
Its production of the first ten expert
mental Libertys and the first Liberty
to corns from the production line.
"Eventually the role of largest pro
ducer Is scheduled to pass from us.
said President Macauley, "because
Kffe v v ; -v.1 ;. V - 'aW i jt-:A
1 F&fi iLr'i :z : 7V- -Vw (vVia, t;.i
i liife r I- f ' -tV r I
V - - ' ' " v -' . - - ' w . Jl,"T
1 and Still
the Photograph ! Stows a 3H-Ton Standard Traca. une or a t ieet or 3a Standards Belns Operated on Government I
oy ine narren spruce company In the Enomelaw Vah.) District.
The Indlspensabillty of the modern motor truck has no more strikinir eipmnHflr-n Hnn ih.. th i.i.. i ...
been put by the Spruce Production Division of the United States Army Sipnal Corps. Fleets of heavy-duty power wag
ons are scattered all over the spruce woods of Oregon and Washington. In the districts around Enumclaw and Ray
mond, In Washington, the country is of such a rough character that the only practicable method of getting the vitally
necessary spruce logs to the mills is by motor truck.
in the picture is a 314-Ton Standard truck, with trailer attachment, being loaded with 20-foot logs. Thirty-three of
hese sturdy Standards, of and five-ton capacity, are beintr ODe rated in this nartlcular rilstrixt hv th w ,- c.
Company, which has the Government contract for logging airplane stock and transporting it to mills, where the logs are
vmi. itim tuiiiico, icr iu uo diiiuucu ig me oik cui-up Diam bi Vancouver, borne or these trucks haul n u m !
A.rA 1. 1 . , . : i . -
w.. . & ii & cvttunas k rcumiAuuiy low CVBl per mile. .
WE ARE NOT PRONE to deal
in superlatives nor to affix the
Reo name to extravagant claims :
BUT. WE DO FEEL justified in
reminding you that Reo was the
pioneer in a type of motor truck
that has since had a tremendous
influence on truckdesign
EVEN REO DEALERS pro
tested that both were wrong
today they and all the world
agree it was the logical thing to
ONE REO SPEED WAGON will
do more work in a day either
light, quick delivery or heavy
hauling than a two or three
or a five-ton truck.
E CflflS SELL FUST
1 1 TAKE.V FROM J. S. MOLTZXER
IX O.NE WEEK.
while Packard la devoting part of its
facilities to the Liberty engine, another . ti,..
part Is at work on Army trucks, andl
third part on airplanes, whereas
other producers, notably the Lincoln,
are to give their entire facilities to
the Liberty. Our present plans con'
template a maximum production of 50
a day. which Is considerably lc.s than
the Lincoln and Ford Companies are
providing facilities to make.
A remarkable feature is the fact that
the Liberty motors of today are almost
identical with the first .one built, and
although changes were made, so slight
In fact, that with a few hours' work
the first motors produced can be fitted
with the latest Improvements without
the rebuilding of any of the essential
TRUCK SERVICE STARTED HH3"f
Shipment of New 1919 Elgin
Model Is on Way to Hint.
J. S. Moltzner. Empire and Klgl
distributor here, has received word that
he will soon receive a big shipment of
the new 1919 Elgin, which has several
improvements over the 1918 model. H
expects to receive several of the new
cars some time early next month.
In the meantime, ho has been lucky
enough to get in a shipment of Empires,
Just about the time they arrived busi
ness. which had not been very good
during the liberty loan campaign.
picked up with a rutin. He sold 11 Em
pires last week, of which five were
sroom floor by
11 being sold
MOTOR EXPRESS LINE TO XEff
BL'RG AXD M'MIXXVILLE.
Thrre Trucks In Operation to Besin
With, but as Biifi'neMi Gains,
More Will Be Put On.
One of the first of the new truck
xpress and freight lines urged by the
hiRhHays transport committee of Na
tional defence, to be established ii
Oregon, started operations Friday
morning between Portland. Newberg,
Uavtnn, McMinnvillo and way points.
This is the Willamette Valley Trans
portation t onipany. which has its
offices at 253 Ankeny street. Daily
truck express and freight service is
The company starts operations with
.three trucks, which is ample at present
to handle the business speedily. I?ut
as the business grows, as it is con
Aidered certain to An, more trucks will
be put on from time to time.
TO STOP BRAKE CHATTERING
One Remedy Is to Burn'off Oil De
posit on Brake Bands.
One of the common troubles encoun
tered in the brake assembly Is a tend
ency to chattering, which is extremely
annoying. This is generally induced
by a deposit of burnt oil on the bands.
and it may generally be cured by ap
plying hot kerosene oil to the parts.
If this does not serve the only remedy
is to Dura off the deposits with a blow
torch. This operation Is carried out
"by removing the bands and soaking
them in gasoline overnicht and then
applying the torch. The propeller
shaft brake ia peculiarly liable to this
trouble, as, if the transmission case
contains a little loo much oil. the ex
cess lubricant is thrown through the
shaft bushing on tn the bands. If an
application of graphite is used instead
of oil for lubricating the brake bands,
it will lessen this trouble.
Praia crank case and wash out with
kerosene every 600 miles.
A larger engine and numerous de
tailed refinements throughout the
chassis, as well as later body lines,
mark the new product of the Elgin
Motor Car Corporation, Chicago, which
is to be known as the Elgin Six, series
of '!!. Oeiiveries are to start in Octo
ber. but production, of course, will be
limited under present Government reg
ncreased power Is provided by
inch larger bore, making the eylin
ders 3'i by 4'i. The same overhead-
valve, block-case six design. Is used
having removable cylinder heads, with
thermo-syphon water circulation
through a V-shaped radiator. In the
valve construction, quietness has been
enhanced by a slight change in the
shape of the valve-lifters; the fan ad'
justment has been made more con
venient. The motor of the two-unit
Wagner electric system has been raised
above the center line of the fly-wheel.
increasing its accessibility and protect.
ng It from mud and dirt. The gener
ator coupling Is steel instead of a
leather disk, in order to increase its
Lubrication is now pressure to all
main bearings, combined with circulat
ing splash, and a new oil supply gauge
with a dial Indicator is fitted where It
can be more readily seen. And oil-
pressure gauge is mounted on the dash.
The steering arrangements has been
Improved by using a straight tie-rod,
instead of a bent one. and it is larger.
This gives more stability and keeps
the front wheels in line.' Larger pivot
pins in both ends of the rod give longer
wear without lost motion. Steering has
been made easier by an increased gear
reduction and the addition of bronze
bushing on the shaft.
Greater roominess and comfort are
provided, first, by the increase in wheel
base, which la now 118 inches, and in
creased length and width of the front
springs, which eliminate the choppy
action in going over bumps. This also Is
enhanced by increasing the size of the
spring clips. The rear springs are set
up closer to the frame, reducing the
twisting of frame side-members to pre
vent side sway of the car and eliminate
body and fender squeaks.
Deeper and more comfortable seats
have been provided. A foot-rest, per
mitting of an even pressure on the
accelerator, makes for driving comfort.
and more room for moving from one
side of the front seat to the other is
t given by placing the control levers far
ther forward and slanting them back.
One of the chief improvements in the
car is the increased ease of mainte
nance. This is seen in the new location
of the staring motor, new fan adjust
ment and new oil-supply gauge. In ad
dition, the oil filler has been made more
accessible, the Wlllard storage battery
has been placed under the front seat
instead of under the floorboard, where
it is easier to get at, and locating
brackets and return springs, which pre
vent brake bands from dragging, are
other maintenance improvements. Most
appreciated of all the changes made
for the sake of maintenance will be the
use of oil cups instead of grease cups
on all spring bolts.
The general lines of the body have
been Improved, beginning with the in
creased height of the radiator, which
adds not only to the appearance of the
car. but to the cooling capacity; the
body sides are higher, with straight.
level lines, instead of the double-curve
effect of the past season; the quality
and construction of the body are said to
be better, as well as the trimming and
finish, and the leg room in the front
seat is Increased. The lines of the top
have been improved, giving a long.
FLEET BATH ARE GIVEN OUT
TRUCKS OF STANDARD CAPACI
TY MOST SATISFACTORY,
important acts on Selection of
Truck Size on Which to Stand
ardize Are Told.
HASH TRUCKS EFFICIENT
ADVANTAGES OF 1-TON SIODEL
EXPLAINED BY DEALER.
Cost Figures Ptotc That Motor Ve
hicle of This Size Is Much Cheaper
Than Horses and Wagon.
Commercial houses and farmers real
ize the necessity of a good strong truck
for light hauling purposes, and it is no
longer a matter of Just "buying a
truck" with this class of truck users,
but of selecting the truck that will
meet their exacting requirements, ac-
ording to J. T. Keena. of the Portland
Motor Car Company, local Nash truck
For the use of the farmer and truck
gardener, the Jobber ,and the manufac-
urer, the merchant and tne transpo
tatlon company, the Mash one-ton rear
riven truck is Ideally adapted, say
Mr. Keena. "It has all the strength and
power to withstand the hard service to
which the average truck is suDjecica,
yet is of a size and capacity that makes
for economy of operation in the work
for which it is intended.
The many advantages of the light
aty truck in its particular field are
bvious. Careful compilation, or cost
figures by many firms in various lines
of business have shown conclusively
that the light duty truck does its work
ot only better, but much more coeap
ly than the old team and wagon.
"Merchants have pushed back tne
boundaries of their business, extended
the range of their deliveries, multiplied
he number of dally stops and at tn
same time cut down the cost of the!
elivery service by the installation of
rucks of this capacity. They have
proved themselves money-savers an
money-makers for practically every
with a hauling problem to
Run it carefully, take the advice
the maker as to how you can make
your tires and your gasoline last, and
run your car cheaply.
SUPPLANTING MAN POWER W ITH MACHINE POWER ON AN OREGON FARM,
- t. ? . ?
I'-i'iVi-'fy -.-'-i-wi. A r . ' , . -
THIS CLEVELAND TRACTOR IS SPEEDING TP THE WORK O OB OREGON FARM, WHICH HAS SENT THREE
SOXS INTO THE SERVICE.
A real believer tn supplanting man power on the farm by machine power, in order to speed the wlnnhig of the war.
Is Carl Young, a progressiva farmer living near Eugene, in Lane County. Mr. Toung has three sons In the military serv
ice. He recently bought a Cleveland tractor and. outfit from McNeff Tractor Company. Oregon distributors, the outfit
consisting of tractor, tandem disc, harrow, two 14-inch plows and 100 gallons of distillate. The photo shows Mr. Young
in the fiiM with bia Cleveland tractor, disc and barrow.
It s a sad commentary on the effi
ciency of big business when we see
big fleets of trucks of a half-dozen
different sizes," said William Fulton
Meihuish. president of the Pulton
Aiotor-Truck Company, in a bulletin on
standardizing fleets recently issued at
me ruiton factory. I-armingdale, Long
Island and Just received by David A.
Pepp, of the Daniels sales agency,
Oregon distributor for the Fulton.
The fundamental rules of efficiency
ana economy in truck operation re
quire standardized units. A fleet of
many sizes is a sign that the operat
ing company is still in the experimental
stage. It shows that the owners have
not yet decided which capacity of truck
is most economical for their purposes.
"Experimenting is expensive. A great
deal of it may be saved by profiting
by the experience of others. A
thorough consideration of all the trucks
which apparently are suitable for the
work will save time, trouble and
ask tne manuiacturcr. our own
company, for instance, maintains
corps oi traiiic experts who can
analyze a business and recommend
type of truck that will give the best
and most economical service. If ou
own ton-and-a-half model does, not fit,
we would not recommend it.
"Once standard units are decided on.
all the units of the fleet should be pur
chased to conform to that standard. It
Is far less expensive. It Is necessary
to kep only one or two sets of repair
parts, instead of a different eet for
each different size of truck. With the
Fulton truck, for instance, all parts are
"In general, several units of the one
and one-half ton truck are better be
cause, in the case of a break-down.
there is not so much tonnage out of
commission. In a fleet of several trucks
it is well to have at least one truck in
reserve at all times. In this way the
trucks can be kept in top-notch repair,
as eacn unit gets a periodical over
hauling. The life of a truck, like any
other machine, depends on the condi
tion, it Is kept in.
Another advantage ' of the stand
ardized fleet is that the driver of each
of the trucks is familiar with all the
others. He can be changed about with
out having to learn the peculiarities of
each make and size.
All these advantages of the stand
ardized fleet have been proved by
some or tne Diggest operators In the
country. For instance, John Wana
maker, the Standard Oil Company, the
Coca-Cola Company, the Proximity
Manufacturing Company, 'the Texas Oil
Company and the Pittsburgh Plate
Glass Company, who are standardizing
their neets in the one and one-half ton
capacity class with Fulton trucks are
doing so because of the economy of
standardization and the special
economy of the Fulton 'Triple-Heated'
REO WAS FIRST to produce a
Speed Wagon to take the place i. DON'T YOU BELIEVE IT?
of the slow, solid-tired, lumber-' Ask for the proof. We have it
ing, medium-size truck. in such volume and in so many
, . forms it is overwhelming.
THAT IS TO SAY we were the
first to see that speed and not ' DEMAND hopelessly in excess
tonnage was the answer to'
ninety per cent of your haulage
AND TO OBTAIN SPEED two
revolutionary changes had to be
made the substitution of
pneumatics for solid tires; and
a ' higher gear ratio for the
lower one. which was then the
of the factory capacity of course
-being, as it is, a Reo.
YOUR ORDER must be in our
hands at once if it is to have
precedence over others for, as
between friends, Reo cannot
FORD TRACTOR IX BIG DEMAND
F' a n t Sow Averaging ISO Fordsons
No later than last October the total
production of the Ford tractor plant
for the entire month was 13. Today
Northwest Auto Co.
ALDER AT CHAPMAN.
F. W. Vogler, Pres. ' CM. Menzies, Mgr.
Reo Motor Car Company, Lansing. Michigan
Reo 34 Ton
)M i nmiii ii M ' i m Ml li i jl.n.'iM p ii hi in i. JJ J
TT""" 11 1 iilriliiiiii m m -r"---" -,... --, I
Me is K O. B. Lmtfbtm ana? lAm Smmeiml FtJtral Tax mmmt hm mddmd ll
I "THE GOLD STAXDAUD I I
id.L z- ii og "VALUES" IPs!)
that plant is averaging 150 dally and
if materials can be obtained 200 prob
ably will be the daily output by the end
of the war; 50,000 is the figure set to
be produced between now and July
1919. Until now Henry Ford & Son
Co. have produced and .shipped 21.500
tractors. To the English government
6000 were shipped and 1000 went to
Canada. Smaller lots have gone to
Africa, Japan, Australia, South Amer
ica, Peru and Brazil and the remainder
were distributed throughout the United
The irreat demand for the Fordson
tractors can best be illustrated when
it is said that for every one produced
the company has orders for about eight
more. California dealers asKed tor mi
ast week and were apportioned 2a00;
Oklahoma will get 1000 of the' 7920
wanted. This seems to be tire prevail
ine condition throughout the whole
country and into the Canadian North
west, and nothing better than a zo per
cent allotment can be expected tnis
year, which means until July 1, 1913
Grinding in Transmission.
When a grinding noise is heard in
the transmission case, it will be found
to be caused by one cf the following
onditlons: Lubrication failure, either
the oil has leaked out or is too thin
n body, to do its appointed task, the
shafts may he out of alignment, bear
ings may be badly worn or broken or
there may be chips from Injured teetn
The Greatest Word in Motor Truck Value Is
We can now make immediate delivery of 3'
ton trucks the first time in eighteen months.
ROBERTS MOTOR CAR CO,' INC.
Park and Everett Sts.
in the case. Whatever the cause, , it
should be run down and eliminated immediately.
The man to whom time is Important,
who must run around seeing many dif
ferent people, owes it to himself to
have an automobile.
NEW STOCK DIRECT
28x3 non-skid $14.50 f
30x3 non-skid 12.45
30x3 i non-skid 15.50 I
32x3 Vz non-skid 16.90 I
31x4 non-skid 20.90 I
32x4 non-skid 22.70
33x4 non-skid 23.75
34x4 non-skid 26.25
ODD SIZES A SPECIALTY.
30x3 non-skid $16.90
52x3 'z non-skid 24.75
CORD TIRES ARE
If you have been using some other
make of cord tire and your dealer can
not supply your size, it is a' good
time for you to try the famous
FEDERAL CORD TIRE
It costs very little more than others.
It has four or five features not found
in the others that make it worth more.
The Best Is None Too Good for your
32x3 Vi rib-tread $35.00
32x3 Vt non-skid 35.60
1 31x4 rib-tread 39.50
i 32x4 non-skid 40.50
j 33x4 rib-tread 39.60
1 33x4 non-skid 46.50
1 34x4 non-skid 49.50
1 35x4 'i non-skid 54.50
1 Write or Call.
1 Give size and style of rim.
I Mail orders given prompt attention.
I Goods shipped to all points C. O. D. I
Express or parcel post.
Money refunded on goods returned 1
intact within 10 days.
MALCOM TIRE C0.
82 North Broadway, Portland, Or.
. 'Near New Postoffice.
30 Branches. f
iinf.i.j m .. : in ii i mi ii n
'jpressureLtoiirj figc: 07
surcWenrcord ; ffiff j ft
j5train:distribua jTjt : jp' I,
tiorri jlJJ Kpi'
And locked' fpi
firmly to the. W
.rim by four Psk
steel .cables, !& r ; St
DOUBLE CABLE BASE
We are Federal Distributors for this
territory and have just received an
other large shipment. Better come
around soon if you need tires.
333-335 Burnside St-, at Broadway