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About The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current | View Entire Issue (Aug. 25, 1918)
Pages 1 to 18
PORTLAND, OREGON. SUNDAY MORNING, AUGUST 33, 1918.
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
VOL. XXXVII NO.
BRITISH SW 01!
A1ID SEIZE BRAY
Progress Mads on Entire
Front of Attack.
PRISONERS ARE SECURED
Field Marshal Haig Reports
Enemy Rushing Up Forces
to Stem Onslaught.
BAPAUME FIGHTING SEVERE
American Troops Advance to
Soissons -Rheims Road,
West of Fismes.
LONDON. Aug. 23 "w inland
ers, striking in the direction of Ba
pa a me, hare captured Cojeul with ir
restible dash," sajs an official state
ment issued by the War Office shortly
after midnight. "Elsewhere there were
successful local actions," the state
The only Cojeul appearing on the
maps is the Cojeul Hirer, nine miles
north of Bapaume, but it is possible
that there is a small Tillage of that
name near Bapaume.
LONDON, Aug. 24. "Despite con
siderable hostile reinforcements," says
Field Marshal Haig's report from the
British front in France tonight, "prog
ress has been made along the whole
front of our attack. Bray has been
captured and a number of prisoners
Enemy Gets No Respite.
The text of the communication
"On the battle front north of the
Somme continuous fighting has taken
place since the early hours of the
morning. Our troops, pressing the
enemy hard at all points, have allowed
him no respite. Despite the arrival
of considerable hostile reinforcements,
progress has again been realized on
the whole front of our attack. Num
bers of prisoners and quantities of
material of every description have
fallen into our hands.
"Shortly after midnight Australian
, troops, attacking along the north bank
of the Somme, captured Bray-sur-
Somme, securing a number of prison
ers. Continuing their advance with
great skill and initiative, they carried I
the enemy's positions in this neigh
borhood. Many Taken Prisoner.
"On their left London and East
County troops made farther progress
during the night along the high
ground southeast of Albert, taking
several hundred prisoners. On the
right center of our attack Welsh troops
and battalions from the northern
counties of England advanced over the
ground of the old Somme battlefield
of 1916 about La Boiselle, Overillers,
Moquet Farm, Thiepval and Grand
court. All these strongly defended
(Concluded on Par 7. Column S. I
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YANKS SEE SIGNS
OF BOCHE RETREAT
LON'G-RAXGE HCX GCNS FIRE
Diminished Artillery Fire Gives Rise
to Suspicion That Foe Is to
Withdraw North of Vesle.
WITH THE AMERICAN ARMY ON
THE VESLE FRONT, Aug-. 34. (By
the Associated Press.) Observers re
ported today that the German Ions
range cannon north of the AJsne were
firing- In the direction of Soissons. They
also reported seeing smoke from fires
which bnrned all night at various
points between the esle and the Aiane.
Prisoners recently taken declare they
are unable to explain these fires, which
have been burning for three days. Be
lief Is growing here that the Germans
are being forced to withdraw north of
The diminished activity of the Ger
man -artillery north of the Vesle
today also gave rise ' to the sua
Dlcion that the enemy was preparing
to abandon the ground south of the
AJsne before being compelled to do no
by the rapidly menacing allied flank
movement north of Soissons.
Only minor clashes between patrols
marked the day. One prisoner was
taken by the Americana.
French and American observers eev
eral days ago reported heavy move
ments of enemy infantry and trucks
northward. Prisoners captured by the
Americans In the last few days de
clared that they knew nothing about
troop movements between the rivers.
The continued pressure of the French
and British on the BO-rolle front north
of Soissons. and other developments.
lead American officers to believe that
the Germans will be forced to with
draw from the line of the Vesle.
GRAMMAR BOYS ELIGIBLE
Graduates of 18 and Over Maj
Qualify to Enter One of SOO Camps
WASHINGTON. Aug. 24. Twenty-
seven additional educational institu
tions were named today by the War
Department as having qualified to ac
cept men for the Students' Army Train
ing Corps for training aa technical ex
perts, line officers, officers in technical
branches and non-commissioned off!
By September more than 300 colleges
will be equipped for the organisation
of the corps, the War Department an
Grammar school graduates of It
years or over are aa eligible to tha
training corps mm are high, school grad
uates. ESTHER GIBBS IS DROWNED
Portland Girl, Aged II, - Perishes
While Bathing in River.
SALEM. Or, Aug. 24. (Special.)
Esther Gibba, . U-year-old Portland
girl, who had been picking hops on the
T. A. Llvesley farm, near here, was
drowned at 2:30 this afternoon while
swimming at McCall's Landing, seven
and one-half miles north of Salem. She
had been eating peaches while in the
river and it ia thought ahe either died
from strangulation or cramps.
The girl's mother, Mrs. Blanche
Gibbs. was with her at the time of the
accident. The body was not recovered
until three houra later.
TREATY EXTENDED 5 YEARS
Arbitration Agreement Between Ja
. pan and United States Signed.
WASHINGTON, Aug. 24. The arbi
tration treaty between Japan and the
United States was extended for another
term of five years today by the signa
tures of Secretary - Lansing and' Vis
count Ishll, the Japanese Ambassador.
The convention, which is similar to
those entered into by the United States
with many nations, provides for arbi
tration by. an international commission
of any difficulty arising between the
two governments which cannot be set
tled by diplomacy and do not Involve
national honor, vital interests. Inde
pendence or the rights of a third party.
WARTD1E MUSINGS ON SOME NEWS
LOT FDR HEATHEN
"American Goes Limit,
KIPLING PAYS HIGH TRIBUTE
Boys' Ideas Regarding English
ACTION OF IRISH DECRIED
Early American Hatred of Britain,
BTow Disappearing, Traced to
People of Emerald Isle in
Years Long Past.
' tCoprlghted. 181S, by Rudyard Kipling.)
(Copyrighted, 1918, by tbs Tribune Associa
tion t.vew york Tribune). Copyrighted In
ureal Britain ana Canada. All rights re
served.) BT RUDYARD KIPLING.
The word of tne Lord by night to
the watching pilgrims came."
Emerson Iklics, a Winchester "man,"
was walking down High street. Armed
Americans had been familiar to him for
months past, but he and his top bat
were stranger than Peruvian Incas to
a newly arrived contingent of the
Never in their lives had they seen the
like of this infant Sphinx and they
called softly upon their home gods to
bear witness that , he was as incon
ceivably a fact as the rest of the new
world they had been decanted Into 24
The roll of the ship and the rattle
of the wheels were still on them; they
talked to each other of their transport's
station In the convoy much as new
boys at school compare notes with
those who came down with them In the
same train, the train that at least
started from home. They had nothing
to cling to save the points of the com
Other Strange Tklnga Seen.
The sun still set In the west, but even
he. Instead of going to bed decently at
or 7, hung around staring in these
strange skies half the night through.
THAT was the outstanding marvel to J
them so far; that and the desperate
speed at Which they had been whirled
hither. "Forty and even SO milea an
hour, sir, with only three stops," had
Their faces were all clean shaven.
their voices startlingly low pitched, and
the next most noticeable thing was
their salute, which Is wholly different
from any in our variegated repertoire.
A wounded private picked out a cou
ple of young officers and extended to
them the full, true and very particular
salute of His Majesty's Brigade of
Guards. So does a professor emeritus
greet a beginner in the schools. Both
officers returned it together, each
glancing sideways to see if the other
was correct. Fifteen seconds later an
other wounded private put them
through it again.
Done Purposely, Says BCaJor.
A major of the regular Army with
whom I had foregathered smiled. "Tour
men do it on purpose." said he.
"Wouldn't you, if you had the
chance? It does our boys a lot of
The youngsters removed themselves.
An ' American military policeman
(straight out of Life), twirling his lo
cust wood club of office, strolled across
the street to confer with the English
policeman (straight . out of Punch). A
rifleman looked at them.
'Gawd's truth," said he from his ap
preciative soul. And God's truth In
deed it was, as much as the young W.
A. A. C driving the elderly United
Statea Colonel, in a car, and honking
behind an Air Service lorry, who In
(Concluded on Page 6. Column S.)
INDEX OF TODAY'S NEWS
TESTBRDATS Maximum temperature, SO;
minimum, 62 degrees.
TODAY'S -Fair and continued warm; gen
- tie northwesterly winds.! ....
British advance and take Bray. Section 1.
U. 6. Ensign keeps tab on 17-boats. Sec
tion 1, pa.se 1.
Yankees follow Canadians Into battle. Sec
tion 1, pace 2.
March pays high tribute to U. 6. soldiers.
Section 1. pare S.
Americans think Huns may retreat. Sec
tion 1. page 1.
Daniels blamed for success of U-boats off
U. 8. coast. Section 1. pace 4.-
Boche morale crushed by allies. Section 1,
Official casualty list. Section 1. page
Hair's men drive on irresistibly. Section 1,
Kipling lauds Americans. Section 1, page 1.
Pro-ally revolt starts in Peru. Section 1.
Bolshevtkl reply to U. S.-Japan message to
Slavs. Section 1. page 3.
Spain and Germany clash over U-boats.
Section 1, page S.
Civilian Germany amply fed and optimistic
Section L page 2.
Yankee wounded eager for revenge. Sec
tion 1. page 6. '
House adopts man-power bill. Section 1
Oregon loganberry Juice is winning recogni
tion in the East. Section 1, page 13.
Military activity boosts war bills. Section
1. page 11.
Tax bill speeding toward enactment. Section
1. page 4.
Clara Wold . tells of arrest. Section 1
Consolidation commission submits complete
report. Section 1. page 9.
Men of high standing to act as Judges at
coming State Fair. Section 1, page 11.
Fruit experts to visit Douglas. Section 1,
Total value of season's salmon pack placed
' above $4,000,000. Section 2, page 16.
Chicago Cubs win National League pennant:
worlds series details nxea. section J.
Bobby Evans protests war camp smoker.
Section 3, page 1.
Rules governing Clemson golf cup play are
outlined. Section 2. page X.
Shipyard games to draw big crowds today.
Section 2. page 2.
Labor to handle five-day regatta at Astoria.
Section 2, page S.
Seattle champion to compete in National
finals. Section 2. page 3.
Chinese pheasants first Introduced in Ore
gon in 1383. Section 2, page 3.
Tried football material to be lacking at Uni
versity of Oregon. Section 2, page i
Shipyards may form tennis league. Section
. page 2.
Great Lakes Naval Training School likely
to have fast football eleven. Section 2,
Commercial and Jlarine.
Wool valuing will be resumed by Federal
administrator. Section 2. page 13.
Bxport purchases of flour soon to be made
by grain corporation, section z, page to.
Continued liquidation carries' down corn at
Chicago. Section X. page IS.
Leading storks sell at best quotations of
year. Section , page 15. - .
New ship record looms. Section 2, vage 16.
' Portland and. Vicinity.
Worker- rw to carry loan gospel. Section
L page 7.
House physician at St. Vincent's Hospital
charged witn violating . espionage acu
Section 1, page 9.
Thousands of Elks to attend Portland con-
' ventlon. Section L. page 10.
Yeterans liberal In praise of Oregon. Section
1, page 12.
City men render real service In gathering
Oregon crops. Section 1. page 13.
Citizen board will give new draft registrants
highly important instruction. . Section 1,
Battle of Chateau-Thierry July 1 achieve
ment for American soldiers. Section 1,
Billy Sunday hits Kaiser body blow. Sec
tion 1, page 16.
Police seek Irene Noonan and Margaret Dorg.
Page 1, section 18; .
United 8tates -to lend to farmers whose
crops have failed. Section 2, page 4.
Railway traffic representatives hold impor
tant conference In Portland. Section 2.
Methodist Episcopal Church. South, confer
ence opens at - Milton, Or., next week.
Section 2. page 16.
Oregon to furnish 900 men in September
draft Section 2, page 16.
Myrtle Gram climbs .Mount Hood.. Section
I, page 10.
Cranberry pickers wanted. Section 1,
Veterans meet after many years. Section
1, page 12.
County 'erects war building. Section 1,
Realtors to dine. Section 1, page IT.
Weather report, data and forecast. Section
2, page 16.
PACIFIC PROMISED "FAIR"
Weather Man Says Portland Should
Have Another Good Week.
WASHINGTON, Aug. 24 Weather
predictions for the week beginning
Monday announced today by the
Weather Bureau follow:
Pacific states Generally fair -with
EVENTS ARE GIVEN EXPRESSION BY CARTOONIST REYNOLDS
TO NATION'S COLORS
Men to Entrain August
30 to September 6.
EVERY STATE TO SEND QUOTA
Oregon Directed to Dispatch
900 to Camp Lewis.
4 SEPARATE CALLS ISSUED
Total White Selects Kequired for
General Military Service 125,000,
Colored, 21,2 70; Limited
WASHINGTON, Aug. 24. Four sep
arate selective draft calls, constituting
the first of the' September calls and
requiring 186,773 men to entrain for
training; camps between August 30 and
September 6, were issued tonight by
Provost Marshal-General Chowder.
Every state and the District of Co
lumbia is called on to furnish men
For general military service 125.000
white men and 21,270 negroes are
called; for limited service, 40,603 white
men are called.
The calls of the Western states, with
the camps to which the men are to be
General Military Sen Ice White.
Entrainment September 3, 1918, to
September 6, 1918.
State and Camp Quot
Arizona Kearny, Cal 300
Arkansas Pike 3.000
Colorado Funston. Kan :. 500
Idaho Lewis. Wash ' 700
Iowa Dodge. Ia 8.000
Kansas Funston, Kan 4.500
Missouri MacArthur. Tex 5.600
Montana Lewis. Wash '. . 1.000
Nebraska Grant - 1.000
Nevada Lewis 100
New Mexico MacArthur 400
North Dakota Grant 1.000
Oklahoma Logan, Tex 4.000
Oregon Lewie 900
South Dakota Grant. Ill 500
Texas Travis. Tex .8.000
Utah Kearny 000
Washington Lewis 2.00
Wyoming Lewis . . 800
General Military Ser-riee Colored.
Entrainment September 1, 1918.
. State and Camp Quota.
Arizona Lewis 7
Arkansas Pike 500
Arkansas Dodge . 448
CalHornla Lewis 75
Colorado Lewis 43
Idaho Lewis 12
Iowa Dodge 123
Missouri Dodge 230
Montana Lewis 18
Nebraska Lewis 96
Nevada Lewis . 6
New Mexico Travis ' 5
North Dakota Lewis .". ... 4
Oklahoma Dodge ; 294
South Dakota Lewis 17
Texas Dodge 400
Texas Travis 999
Utah Lewis 5
Washington Lewis 17
For all states in the Union, total of
Limited Service White.
Entrainment September 3 to 6, 1918.
Stato and Camp Quota.
Arixona Bowie. Tex
Colorado Fort Kiley. Kan.
Iowa Fort Riley
Kansas Fort Riley
Nebraska Fort Riley
New Mexico Bowie
North Dakota Grant
South Dakota Fort Riley
Wyoming Fort Riley
Total for all states, 40,500.
Limited Service White (Military In
Entrainment August 30, 1918.
(Entrainment August 30, 1918.)
New Mexico Fort Meyer, Va 3
WASHINGTON, Aug. 24. America's
(Concluded on Page 3, Column 1.)
FIRE FIEND ON BIG
SPREE IN KENTUCKY
43,000 BARRELS WHISKY LOST
IN DISTILLERY BLAZE.
Streams of Blazing Liquor Flow
-Through Ditches of Open Fields
Into Ohio River.
OWENSBOEO, Ky.. Aug. 24. Fire to
night at the plant of the Green River
Distilling Company here, destroyed the
entire plant, 43,000 barrels of whisky
and entailed a loss of well in excess
-The whiskv alone was valued at $2
840,000 and the loss to the United States
Government in taxes is approximately
xr sr.o ooo.
The fire started in a pile of trash
beside the distillery. It was spectacu
lar in the extreme, the flames mountini
hundreds of feet in the air.
Every few minutes a blazing barrel
of whiskv driven upward by the ex
plosion of other barrels would rise to i
o-rt heis-ht and then fall. When l
i-urit the whiskv it contained would
be spread over the ground In a blazin
sheet for many yards.
Riiminr streams of whisky ran
rhrmiirh th ditches of the open field
into the Ohio River, the whole surface
of which seemed at times to be on fire
The difference in the value placed
upon the whisky and the amount of
i,r estimated to have been lost by the
novarnment is accounted for by tn
fact thaj the Internal revenue tax had
not- hern naid on any of it. and the
value placed upon It was the value of
spirits, tax unpaid.
ALL U. S. TO SING AUG. 27
Oregon Is Asked to Join in Nation
SALEM, Or., Aug. 24. (Special.)
On the night of Tuesday, August 27,
luonlK sll over Oreeron are asked to
hold community sings as a part of
Nation-wide patriotic demonstration
The "Star-Spangled Banner" is to be
sung at 9 o'clock Eastern time, which
will be 6 o'clock here.
The singing will be led from Phila
delphia, where the Liberty bell will be
tanned once for each state in the
Union. The plans are outlined in
telegram received from the Council of
Defense by Governor Withycombe to
day urging that Oregon join the move,
The Governor heartily Indorses the
plan, and asks that all parts of the
state share in the demonstration.
S. 0. S. TELLS U-BOAT CHASE
Vessel Off South Carolina Coast
Signals Her Peril.
SAVANNAH, Ga., Aug. 24. The wire
less station on Tybee Island tonight
picked up portions of an S. O. S. call
from a vessel off the South Carolina
coast, which reported it was being
chased by a submarine.
The message was indistinct, the wire
less operator reported, and he was un
able to catch the name of the vessel
sending out the call.
There have been reports recently of
submarine operations off the North
Carolina coast, around Cape Hatteras,
and it is believed that the U-boat has
worked its way southward with the
intention of lying in wait off the
South Atlantic coast for vessels in the
ESSENTIALS ARE APPROVED
Postpone Unnecessary Work, Says
Capital Issues Committee.
WASHINGTON, Aug. 24. Every ex
tension of a streetcar line, electric
lighting system, water main, street
paving or other public utility enter
prise not absolutely essential to the
war should be postponed until peace
times, said the Government's Capital
Issues Committee in a letter sent today
to all .state public utility commissions.
These state bodies are urged also to
remove from public service corpora
tions, if possible, the necessity of carry
ing out contract or franchise obliga
tions which might be dispensed with
in the war emergency. i
TRAILS OF U-BOATS
CUT ON EVERY
Enemy Divers Have No
Secrets from Allies.
RELENTLESS WATCH IS KEPT
U. S. Ensign Murphy Has Task
of Keeping Tab.
CRUISERS TRACED ON MAP
Details or Marvelous System foe
Combating Submarine Warfaae
Is Made Public in Of
. flclal Statement.
LONDON, Aug. 21. "Ensign T. H.
Murphy," says a statement given out
today by the committee on public In
formation, "sits day and night In an
office in a little shack at a United
States Naval air station poring over
raised maps with colored strings
stretched on them and little red-headed
pins stuck in them.
"His Job is to keep tabs on every
German submarine out of its base. He
knows when they need air and how
badly each depth charge damages them.
"He knows even when they must
come to the surface for the skipper to
smoke a cigar, for there is no smoking
inside a submarine.
Success or Failure Controlled.
"Ensign Murphy's knowledge has de
cided the success or failure of. many
young reserve ensigns of the Naval
flying force at the station. Take, for .
instance. Ensign E. J. Schieffelin, of
New York City, a member of the 1919
class at Yale University, who is a di
rect descendant of John Jay of Revolu
"Ensign Schieffelin was in Murphy's
office early one morning when that ex
pert stuck a pin in the middle of his
Nori'u Sea map, and exclaimed:
"'They'll be needing a smoke right
about there. They have been under so
many hours on such-and-such a course.
In three hours they'll emerge and the
reason will be tobacco. Search this '
area (pointing . to the map with his
finger) and you'll find a submarine.
Athletes In Crew.
"Ensign Schieffelin was the first
pilot, - Lieutenant Roger W. Cutler
stroke and captain of the Harvard var
sity crew of 1917, Berstein, a machin
ist's mate, and Taggart, electrician and
champion 100-yard sprinter, completed
the crew of the big seaplane.
"Three hours after the seaplane had
left its station both officers made the
same exclamation as the seaman called
to his mate: 'Large Hun going north.
Diver Rendered Helpless.
"The seaplane got itself between the
submarine and the sun and for two
minutes bore down, on the U-boat. Halt
a minute later the vessel started to
submerge with a 'crash' dive.
"Lieutenant Cutler tripped his bomb-
release at the instant the. big seaplane
was directly over the enemy's conning
tower, which was exactly awash. En
sign Schieffelin put the machine Into
a vertical Dank to oDserve tne enect
of the explosion and a white geyser
spouted 15 feet on the enemy's port
beam. When the splash cleared the
stern of the submarine the diver was
tipped up and her propellers were out .
of the war.
Signal Sent to Drifter.
'The air pilots knew then that she
was damaged, that she could not sub
merge and was a prey to any of the
patrol boats. The seaplane being short
of fuel, then signaled to a drifter 'dam
aged submarine five miles northwest
(Concluded on Page 7, Column 2.)