The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current, June 30, 1918, Section One, Page 11, Image 11

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    SO, 1918. "
Politics, Science and Business as Boggled by Bolsheviki Shown Late and
Authentic Returns From Land of Lenine Look Into Future Taken.
at Fifth
at Fifth
Temporary Schedule Made for
Flour, Allowing Rise on Ba
sis of Wheat Increase.
Hulk Price Just About Meets New
Grain Charge Millers Are
Warned Against Taking
Excessive Profits.
The delay In fixing the Government
wheat price, owing to the change in
freight rates, has made it impossible
for the milling division of the food
administration to announce definite
flour prices at the came time that the
wheat quotation was made public.
Temporary prices have, therefore, been
made so that the business of the mill
ing industry may not be interrupted.
v As soon as possible a final schedule of
Hour prices will De announeea.
Slight Increase Indicated.
In a circular issued to millers yester
day the bulk flour price at Portland
and other Pacific Coast cities was eet
at $9.95 a barrel. Allowing for the cost
of sacks, the price of flour of the 1918
crop will be about $10.65 a barrel
against $10 a barrel, the old price. This
advance just about provides for the in
crease in wheat prices. The temporary
millfeed price is $24.44 a ton for mixed
feed in bulk.' The added cost of sacks
will make the price about the same as
that now in effect.
The bulletin sent to millers says:
"A plan for the regulation of the
wheat flour milling industry for the
1918 crop year has been formulated and
will be promulgated at the earliest pos
sible date. This plan, however, necessi
tates the working out for each mill in
the country of a definite schedule of
prices for flour and feed, bulk each
mill. Freight rates have recently been
advanced and in some instances read
justed. This has made it impossible to
work out basic wheat prices in time
to allow the working out of the detailed
flour and feed price schedules as above.
The operation of mills must not, of
course, be interrupted and it, therefore,
seems advisable that a temporary plan
of price control or supervision be used.
ExcesslTe Profits Forbidden.
"The food administration regulation
prohibit the taking of unreasonable
profit. Pending the issuing of the final
plan, the food administration, for the
purpose of enforcing these regulations,
will regard any sales of flour or fee
at prices in excess of those indicated
as unreasonable and as returning an
excessive profit.
The schedule of bulk flour and bulk
mixed feed prices in carload lots for
the various distributing points follow
Portland. Me. .....
Boston, Mass.
Xew York. N. V. ..
Philadelphia. Pa. ..
Baltimore. Md
Norfolk, J a.
Newport Kewi, Ya.
Wilmington, N. C. .
Charleston, P. C, ...
Savannah. Ga
Jacksonville. Fla, ,
Tampa. Fla
Pfmsacola. Fla
Mobile. Ala
New Orleans, La. ..
Oalveston, Tex
San Antonio. Tex. .
K! Paso, Tex
Brownsville. Tex. ..
San Diejro. Cal
IjOr Angeles, Cal. .
San Francisco, CaT.
Portland. Ore
Seattle, Wash
Flour Feed
$io.s:: $
. 10.8:1 ZH.CH
10.77 liti.71
10.7.1 2H.3H
. 10.71 1-6. 53
10.71 26.33
10.71 28.53
10.84 2B.80
lO.h.1 28.9
lO.S.-i -JBOH
10.RS 2.6fl
. 10.8S 27.03
. 10..r3 26.05
, 10.47 25.80
. 10.27 25.83
. io.:tr, 2.-..r
. 10.35 25.50
. 10r 25.50
. 05 24.44
. 0.05 24.44
. ft.Ot 24.44
. n.!r, 24.44
. 9.'.l.j 24.44
(Extract from the report of an American
firm a representative stationed in Russia to
his house in the United States.)
THE political and general situation
in Russia is anything but satlsfac-
Jtelatlve Scale Provided For.
Until the schedules tor operation of
the so-cailed "1918 crop plan" can be
worked out. it will be considered "fair
practice" for any mill in the country
to sell flour in any of the above mar
kets at prices bulk basis not to exceed
the flour and feed prices named.
In making sales at points other than
those named, the circular says the mill
can figure the proper relative reason
able price by deducting the regularly
used local freight rate between the
milling point and any of the terminal
points on which their freight rates, in
milling, are naturally baed. This de
duction of freight will . give a price,
bulk mill, for carload, cash or draft
sales. Then the addition to this bullc
mill price of the regularly used local
freight rate from the mill to destina
tion will give the relative maximum
reasonable bulk selling price at des
tination. After June 30 millers will be per
mitted to obtain wheat supplies from
any available source.
Milling; Division Disbanded.
The milling division, which has had
charge of this branch of Government
work during the past year, is to be
disbanded. A letter to this effect has
been issued by the general and divi
sional chairmen. It is signed by
.lames F. Bell, E. V. Hoffman, K. M.
Kelly, M. N. Mennel, ,B. A. Eckhart, A.
C. Loringr. Samuel Plant, A. J. Hunt. .
W. Ganong, E. B. McNear and A. P.
Husband. The letter follows:
"With the ctose or the present- crop
year and the adoption of the new plan
for regulation and control of the mill
ing industry during the ensuing year,
the purposes and activities of the
present milting division are no longer
necessary. The members, therefore,
have made request that they be re
lieved from further active duty.
"In laying aside the work, the chair
man, and we believe every element of
the industry, are conscious of the
privilege of having served with Mr.
Hoover, and will continue every effort
within their ability to the success of
himself and his associates.
V. J. Llugham In Charsre.
"The milling chairmen are in most
full accord with the selection of F.
J. Lingham, who has been chosen as
chief of the milling section of the
Cereal division. Mr. Lingham, in di
vesting himself of an personal in
terests in milling and grain, furnishes
the highest example of patriotism and
self-sacrifice and approaches his work
in an entirely disinterested manner. In
our private capacity we feel it a, pri
vilege to extend to Mr. Lingham every
cooperation and support, and to place
at his disposal all facilities at our
command. We also bespeak for him
the active aid and whole-hearted as
sistance of every member of the mill
ine industry.
To tiie many patriotic millers, who
have given us their cooperation dur
ing the past year we extend full meas
ure of appreciation, and trust that the
fine inheritances and traditions of the
millers of the United States may be
perpetuated and further unchanged by
undilded devotion to the Nation, and
undivided devotion to the Nation, and
tory. The peace concluded with
the central powers has not made the
situation any clearer, and before a gen
eral peace has been concluded the
Brest-Litovsk peace treay will not be
regarded as a final result. The future
position of Esthonia and Llfland is still
uncertain and the peace with Ukraine
has not yet been concluded, arid the
frontiers of that country have not yet
been fixed. Further, the situation in
South Russia and the Caucasus is very
unolear, and parts thereof may want
to unite with Ukraine or form inde
pendent states.
Fetrograd has no doubt been support
ing the red government in Finland, and
is supporting the allies on the Murman
coast. It is not unlikely that the Ger
mans will occupy Petrograd; moreover,
the peace treaty contains many items
which enable Germany to mix into Rus
sian affairs at any time.
In Russia the unsafe condition of life
and property continues all over the
country. Robbery and murder are the
order of the.- day. At Petrograd rob
bery goes on In broad daylight. Gangs
of armed hooligans go about in motor
cars or lorries and openly plunder not
only private but also state property.
Petrograd Is constantly on the verge of
famine, and by and by it will become
almost impossible to get the necessities
of life. Our doctor told me a few days
before I left that very many, especially
elderly, people die because they do not
get sufficient food and partly on ac
count of the nervous strain, numerous
epidemic diseases are prevalent.
Social Situation Explained.
The interior policy is determined ex
clusively by the Bolsheviki, who are
continuing their social revolution, which
constantly proves to be a failure, and
It seems that a reaction will and must
set in; but when and how this will take
place it is of course difficult to prophesy.
As was to be expected, the Russian
people are about a hundred years be
hind the reforms and the social con
struction which are being carried
though, and the government has had
to act in a way which Is in the very
strongest opposition to the theories
which they are preaching, and it will
probably have to continue in this way.
The intelligent part of toe population
expects salvation from the Germans, or
on the whole from the great powers,
and It is believed by many that the
monarchy will have to be reintroduced
In any event only a very strong gov
ernment will be able to bring in and
maintain order.
The laws and courts have been done
away with, and revolutionary tribunals
deal with all matters. lawyers are
not allowed to practice. The right of
private property is not respected; but
for the time being at least foreign
property is in some degree respected.
though the left wing of the Bolsheviki
does not acknowledge foreign property,
either. The land Is being taken from
the big land owners and given to the
peasants without any compensation.
Consequently, the large land owners are
not in a position to cultivate their land,
and the peasants, fearing that another
change might take place In the govern
ment, or other measures be taken in
regard to the property, are not cultivat
ing the land, either. The peasants
have considerable stocks of grains,
which they are withholding ' for their
own use, and, although the present gov
ernment has made efforts to have them
dispose of their surplus, they do not
feel Inclined to do this, and are not
doing it generally; and as the peasants
comprise a large number of the pre
vious Russian army, who have returned
to their homes with their rifles and
ammunitions, it will be difficult for the
government to force them to do any
thing which they do not feel Inclined to
In the towns, houses have been heav
ily taxed, and in such cases where the
owners have hot been able to pay, the
houses have been nationalized. If the
space in an apartment exceeds certain
nd a. rather low maximum, work
men's families may be lodged in some
of the rooms, with the right to use the
furniture; but the original occupants
of the flat have to pay the whole of the
rent, and if they have sufficient fuel
in stock they are compelled to share It
with the newcomers.
Financial Situation Vital.
The government insists that the na
tionalization is to be carried through.
All bank-shares have been cancelled
without compensation, and have to be
delivered up to the government. The
deposits held by the banks cannot be
disposed of money is only paid out for
salaries, under control. Private per
sons are able to obtain from their de
posits 250 roubles a fortnight.
Russia s financial position Is un
known. Since the October revolution
no balance sheets from the Bank of
Russia have been published. It is feared
that the government itself does not
know how matters stand. It is said
that about 60,000,000 roubles of paper
are being printed daily.
The government has cancelled all na
tional debts; but according to the
Brest-Litovsk treaty Germany is to re
celve payment in full, and It Is expected
that In the near future tne rouble will
be quoted on the exchange again in
The value of the money is sinking
continually, but at the same time Rus
sian banknotes, i. e.. Romanoff notes,
fetch good prices in Scandinavia and
Germany. Germany is arranging
loan with Ukraine. The Romanoff notes
were printed under the old regime.
Kerensky notes issued later are for
roubles 1000. 250, 40 and 20. These
notes were issued by the Provisional
Government, and the Bolsheviks have
continued to issue them. The 40 and
20-rouble notes are much disliked, and
on the whole Romanoff notes are
strongly preferred.
The prices at Copenhagen now run
from 85.9 for the 100-rouble notes to
83.65 for the 1000-rouble notes. In Bus
sia they sell at from 10 to 25 per cent
above the Kerensky Issues. Exchequer
bills are at 5 per cent discount. Gov
ernment loan obligations, up to 100
roubles inclusive, circulate as money.
Coincident to this situafion, nobody
pays money into the banks, the re
sources of which are consequently be
ing steadily drained. Several plans
have been devised to help matters: con
trol of cash, limit of Income, fewer
payments and more transfers from one
account to another, etc. For example:
Commercial concerns are not allowed
to keep, cash of any amount, and the
surplus is to be put into the banks. If
a customer purchases goods from us,
he is allowed to transfer from his ac
count the amount for same to our ac
count at the bank, that is according to
a recent decree.
Opinions differ very much regarding
the future. The general impression is
that foreigners will step in and ar
range matters.
Factories Rob at Less.
Matters are In a miserable condition,
as the previous administrators have
absolutely lost control. Factory com
mittees, I. e., the men, decide every
thing; most factories are running with
a loss, and the owners have got - to
make the best out of a bad game and
try to save a little of their property
if 'they can, and at the same time by
bo doing keep out of prison.
In several cases factories have been
seised and given to the workmen in
them, without compensation to the
owners. This course has proved to be
unprofitable to the men, who In this
way kill the goose which lays the
golden eggs; and generally the manu
facturers have got to struggle oa as
best they can. Putting the fact con
stantly before the men that the con
cern would -cease to exist without the
experience and supervision of the ad
ministrators, several owners have been
able to gain a little ground.
Considering all that I have said in
this. I see no reason for forwarding
further goods to Russia at the present
time, especially owing to the political
situation. On the other hand, we should
be prepared at a very short notice to
do business again In Russia at the
earliest possible opportunity.
v ben normal times return, we shall
have to face very keen German com
petition, and if the war ends in the
near future, we hope to be able' to
fight it; but if the war continues, the
German competitors may get hold of
the market, and we shall - have no
means in our possession to oppose
It is important to find means to pro
tect our interests in Poland and
Ukraine; and maybe the German In
fluence will beeome great in Russia
proper. It looks as though Finland
has somewhat bound herself to Ger
many; consequently our interests are
also threatened there.
According to the papers, the ne
German Ambassador, Count Mirbach.
has left for Moscow, and the renrasen
tative of the Russian Council govern
ment, Joffet baa arrived at Berlin.
After the loss of the Baltic provinces.
Petrograd will be rather far from Rus
sia. The commercial and political cen
ter will probably be Moscow.
Here is a translation of the "Regu
lations for the Workmen s Control,
which have been proclaimed:
1. Id order to obtain a systematical regu
lation of the national-economical matters in
all industrial, trades, bank, national-eco
nomical, forwarding, co-operative companies
associations of producers, and other under
takings which employ laborers or give work
to them at their homes, a workmen a con
trol ot the manufacture, purchass and re
sale of the products and raw materials, the,
storing- of same, and the financial part of tbo
undertaainKS. will De introduced.
2. The workmen's control will Be iccom
plished by all the laborers ot the undertak
ins in ousstle.ii, that is by means of organi
sations chosen by them; factory committees,
councils of laborers, etc Other representa
tives of the stiJ . and the technical employes
will also be members of those organizations.
3. For each larger town, province or in
dustrial rayon a special workmen's control
will be established, which through Its na
ture as an organisation of the council of
laborers, soldiers and peasants' deputies. Is
composed of representatives of the profes
sional societies, of Uie factory and other
workmen's committees and workmen's cooperative-
4. Up to the time of calling a congress of
the councils of the workmen's control, an
all-Russian council of the workmen's con
trol will be founded at Petregrad, la which
the foUowtne; organizations will be repre
sented: The all-Russlan central executive
committee of the Council of the Workmen's
and Soldiers' Deputies, five; the all-Russian
central executive committee of the peasants'
deputies, five: the all-Russlan council of
professional unions, two; tne all-Russlan of
fice of the factory committee, five; the all-
Threat to Kill Is Charge.
Veto Deligo was arrested yesterday
by Deputy Constable Watkinds. charged
with threatening to kill his wife, who,
it is alleged, called for assistance. He
is held at the County Jail in default of
t mtnKmivmmmMmtoimBwwmv'i'UHW.!wam sniJaj.iisauinsjsiiijs.i imium i m '-si m
H m t: r y '
I J ? V . , i i
On the theory that if it is good for other business men to go East
and study methods and conditions, it is equally good for newsboy
to do so. Willie (Scotty) - MacCohtn, "king of newsboys," and his
brother, Nathan MacCohen, will leave this week for Chicago, where
they will compete for several months with the newsboys of that city.
The MacCohen boys are from Scotland, where Willie was educated
until he was 11 years old. They are the sons of Mr. and Mrs. Jacob
MacCohen. 462 Fifth street.
"We have heard a lot about the Chicago methods," said "Scotty"
MacCohen, "and we are going back there to see how they compare with
us. We have been told here by men passing through that we are aa up-to-date
as the best in the East, but we want to know.
Find in this department furniture,
for every room in the house at a
fraction of its original cost. Won
derful bargains!
This Solid Oak Dining Suite for $102.50
' . Only $10 Down and $2 Weekly
This is a massive straight-line suite, correctly designed and of superior work
manship. The utmost in service at a moderate price.
Solid Oak Extension Table, $22.50 Six Solid Oak Dining Chairs, $36.00
Quartered Oak Buffet, 48-inch Plank Top, $44.00
$3 Down
$1 Weekly
' Use it for all kinds
of cleaning: ruars.
draperies, walls,
furniture. Saves
t1 1 . i - 1 a
lAal -.l l- ...- I
Your Vacation
Only $18
Here is an instrument just the
size to take to mountains or sea
shore. Easily packed and easily
carried. Come and hear what .
splendid tone it has.
$2 Down 50c Weekly
We carry Columbia Records. ,
Best Axminster Rugs Spec'l $42.50
Here is a big lot of good patterns, some 20 in all. in Bieelow and in
Smith's best Axminster Rugs, 9x12 size, which we will offer this week
at an attractive reduction in price. Our regular price is $50, although
they conld not now be duplicated for less than ?G0, You will want ono
or more of these Rugs at the special price.
Short Lengths Carpets Greatly Reduced.
Lace Curtains
Here is a cleanup for the month
end of all 6hort lota of Marquisette,
Voile and Scrim Curtains, consist
ing of two, three and four-pair lots.
Regular to $2.00 Cur- Af?
tains, pair OX.firO
'Regular to $2.50 Cur- QK
tains, pair tDXeiO
Regular to $3.00 Cur- QC
tains, pair 5-S.OJ
Regular to $4.00 Cur- flQ OK.
tains, pair '.
$4.75 Curtains
These are Marquisettes, full 2
yards long, hemstitched border;
ecru with Venice motifs CJO Q f
in insertion. Special, pair
' New arrivals are here in Sunfast
of a very good quality in 6mall all
over designs; light apple green,
dark blue, and light brown. Regu
lar price is $1.25 the yard; QFt
special this week.... atJC
This Mattress
$5 Down $3 Monthly
This is a Stearns & Foster Mat
tress long fiber, staple white
cotton felt; full 50-lbn covered
with art tick; roll edge. Com
fort and value in one.
We carry these
m o s t convenient
shades in all colors
and combinations,
including the new
green and white
combination. Buy
them and add an
attractive Summer
room to your home.
Price from $3.75
to $7.50. Sold only
by us.
WttF&y VpnTilT.'firf
UuuJ " H
f 'Porch Shades 2
Queen Anne
style in ma
hogany f i n
ish; uphol
stered in fig
ured damask.
This Ivory Enamel Bedroom Suite $12?
$1250 Down
$250 Weeklv
This is a handsome example of fine furniture craftsmanship; it is a suite that
will lend distinction and comfort to any bedchamber. In our window today.
Full-Size Bed $30.00 Large Dresser $35.00 Chiffonier $33.50
Dressing: Table with Triple Mirror $28.50
Ruwlan Enplnr and Mechanics' Union.
live; the all-Ruulan sAricuiturtt lnion.
two: one representative uch of all the Rua-
lan workmen's unions with less than 3 00.
000 members, two representatives each of all
with mora than 10O.00O members and the
Petrograd Council ot Professional Unions,
5 In the hi ir her organs of the workmen's
control will be elected auditors out of the
special Is ta in same mechanics, bookkeep
ers), who whl on tne initiative ot tnese
organs, and also at the request of the lower
organs) of tne worKmen s control, oe sent
out to Investigate the financial and technical
matters of the undertakings
6. The organisations of the workmen's con
trol have the right to watch the manufac
ture, fix the minimum of the Income and
use every means to una our. tne cost prices
of the goods.
7. The organizations or tne worKmen nave
the right to control all business correspond
ence, and In case the proprietors keep any
correspondence secret, they will Have to take
the consequence before the court. The busi
ness secret Is to be done away with. The
proprietors are boun4 to show to the work
men's control a!! books and accounts, as
well for the current as for the past account
8. Tne decision or tne organisation oi
the workmen's control are binding to the
proprietors, and can only be annulled by the
hltrher organs or tne worKmen s control.
. The proprietors, respectively the ad
mlnlstrators of the undertakings, will have
a respite of three days for complaints about
the arrangements of the lower orfanUailone
to the mgner organizations.
10. In all undertakings the owners and the
representatives of the workmen and em
n loves, who are elected for the realisation
of the workmen'! control, are bound to main
tain tho strongest order, discipline and pro
tection of the property. Those who make
themselves guilty of keeping sny material, 1
products or orders secret, or making incor
rect bookings, will be held responsible In a
criminal way.
11. The councils of the workmen's con
trol In the different rayons shall decide all
questions and conflicts between the lower
organizations of the control, and also the
complaints of the owners of the undertak
ings, and give their Instructions according to
the peculiarities of the business la question
and according to the rules of that place, also
according to the stipulations of the All-Russian
Council of Workmen's Control, and they
shall also supervise the actions of the lower
organizations of tho control.
12. The All-Russlan Council of the "Work
men's Control maps out general plans for
the workmen's control, issues binding stipu
lations, regulates the mutual connections of
the rayon-council of the workmen's control,
and la considered a higher authority fox all
matters connected with the workmen's con
trol. 13. The All-Russlan Council of the Work
men's Control connects the work of tho or
ganlzatloae of the workmen's control with
all other institutions concerning the organi
sation of the national economy. The rules
regarding the mutual connections ofshr
regarding the mutual connections of tho Ail-
Russian council or tne v oramen s control
and the Institutions which orr.tnlze and
The personal writing machine writes
anywhere,- any time. Only $50 In
regular case.
Spend your vacation in
Oa Geary Street, Just off Union Square,
close to everything worth while. Good
accommodations from tl.CO P. Breakfast
35e and 60o (Sundays 75c), Lnnch 60c,
Dinner $1 (Sundays $1.25). Municipal
car line passes the door. Stewart Votor
Boa meet principal trains, and steamers.
regulate the national economy will he Issued
14. All laws and circular letters which
restrain the business of the factory and
ot her committees of the workmen and em
ployes councils are done away with,
Tho Government of the Russian Republic
Read The OrsKonlan elansifid ads.
Comfort and Personal Service
the keynote of Multnomah hos
pitality. Sumptuously appoint
ed, refined and congenial atmos
phere. Adjacent to the business
and amusement center of Port
land. Moderate prices.
E. V. Hauser. Pres.
IL U. Cloutier, Manager.
Ftaest Is eke
2.00 upwards
I There's an air of
warm comiort ana congen
Jalitr about Seattle's famous
hotel. Music and dancing in
cafe every evening a popular hotel
your friends will be here. Ratea te
suit the most modest purse. Club
breakfasts at moderate prices.
V -
Read The Oregonian classified ads.